Dr. M. F.

Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 1

PHYS102 Previous Exam Problems


CHAPTER



N
Magnetic force on a particle
 Crossed fields
D
Circulating charge
O
Magnetic force on a wire
B
Loops, dipole moment & torque

N1. A particle (mass =6.0 mg) moves with a speed of 4.0 km/s in the xy plane in a direction that makes an
angle of 37° above the positive x axis. At the instant it enters a magnetic field of 5.0×10
-3
i
ˆ
( T), it experiences
an acceleration of 8.0k
ˆ
(m/s
2
B2. A square loop of side 0.20 m consists of 50 closely wrapped turns, each carrying a current of 0.50 A. As
shown in figure 1, the loop is oriented in a uniform magnetic field of 0.40 T directed in the positive y direction.
What is the magnitude of the torque on the loop? (Ans: 0.35 N.m)
). What is the charge of the particle? (Ans: – 4.0 µC)
OB3. Figure 2 shows a loop of wire carrying a current of 2.0 A. The loop has the shape of a right-angle triangle
with two equal sides, each 20 cm long. A 1.5-T uniform magnetic field is parallel to the hypotenuse. What is the
magnitude of the resultant magnetic force on the two equal sides? (Ans: zero)
4. An ion with a charge of +4.8×10
−19
C is in a region where a uniform electric field of 6.0×10
4
(Ans: 3.3×10
V/m is
perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field of 1.8 T. If its acceleration is zero, what is its speed?
4
N5. A 2.0-C charge moves in a uniform magnetic field with a velocity of (2.0
m/s)
i
ˆ
+4.0j
ˆ
) m/s and experiences a
magnetic force of 12 N along the +z-axis. The x component of the magnetic field is equal to zero. Determine the
y component of the magnetic field. (Ans: +3.0 T)
D6. A charged particle has a kinetic energy of 10
-7
joules and moves in a circular path in a uniform magnetic
field. If the magnitude of the magnetic force on the particle is 1.5×10
-4
7. What is the kinetic energy of an electron that passes in a straight line through perpendicular electric and
magnetic fields if E =4.0 kV/m and B =8.0 mT? [1 eV =1.6×10-19 J ] (Ans: 0.71 eV)
N, what is the radius of the circular
motion? (Ans: 1.3 mm)
D8. A potential difference of 600 V is applied to accelerate an electron from rest. This accelerated electron
enters a uniform magnetic field and completes one revolution in 9 ns. Determine the radius of the electron orbit?
(Ans: 0.021 m)
N9. An electron with velocity v =(4.0×10
4
i
ˆ
+3.0×10
6
j
ˆ
) m/s enters a region of magnetic field B =0.40i
ˆ
T.
What is the magnetic force on the electron? (Ans: 1.9×10
-13
k
ˆ
N)
Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 2

B10. A 300-turn square loop, having a side length of 6 cm, carries a current of 15 A. The loop is placed in an
external magnetic field of magnitude 3.0 T. Determine the magnitude of the maximum torque exerted on the
loop. (Ans: 49 N.m)
D11. An electron moving perpendicular to a 50-µT magnetic field goes through a circular trajectory. What is
the time required to complete one revolution? (Ans: 7.15×10
-7
B12. A 100-turns coil, with an area of 2.0 m
s)
2
13. Figure 5 shows a proton moving at a constant speed of 300 m/s along the negative x axis through uniform
electric and magnetic fields. The electric field is directed along the positive y direction and has a magnitude of
900 N/C. What is the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field? (Ans: 3.0 T, along the negative z axis)
, lies in the xz plane and carries a current I =0.3 A in the direction
indicated in figure 4. The coil lies in a magnetic field directed along the x axis and has a magnitude of 1.5 T.
What is magnitude and direction of the torque on the coil? (Ans: 90 N.m along the positive z axis)
N14. What is the angle between a 1.0-mT uniform magnetic field and the velocity of an electron, if the electron
has an acceleration of 7.0×10
12

m/s
2

and a speed of 7.0×10
4

m/s?(Ans: 35
o
O15. A wire lying along the y axis from y =0 to y =0.36 m carries a current of 2.0 mA in the negative y
direction. The wire fully lies in a uniform magnetic field given by B =0.36
)
i
ˆ
+0.46j
ˆ
T. What is the magnetic
force on the wire? (Ans: 2.6×10
-4
16. A uniform magnetic field of 2.0 T along the positive z axis crosses an electric field E. What is the electric
field needed to guide an electron with a speed of 40 km/s along a straight line in the positive x axis direction?
(Ans: 80 kV/m along the positive y axis)
N in the positive z direction)
N17. In figure 6, an electron of speed 2.0×10
5
(Ans: 6.4×10
m/s moves along positive x axis in a uniform magnetic field of
magnitude 0.2 T pointing into the page (–z direction). What is the magnetic force on the electron?
-15
D18. In a uniform magnetic field, a particle of charge 1.5 µC and mass 2.0 µg completes 5 revolutions in one
second. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field? (Ans: 42 mT)
N, -y axis)
O19. A straight wire of linear mass density 100 g/m is located perpendicular to a magnetic field of 0.5 T, as
shown in the figure 7. What current in the wire is needed to balance the gravitational force on the wire?
(Ans: 2.0 A to the right)
N20. In figure 8, an electron moves toward the west at a speed of 1.0×10
7
m/s in a downward (normal into the
page) uniform magnetic field of magnitude 3.0×10
-4
(Ans: 4.8×10
T. What is the magnetic force on the electron?
-16
B21. The plane of a rectangular loop wire is parallel to a 2.0-T magnetic field. The loop has an area of 4.0 cm
N, north)
2

and carries a current of 6.0 A. Calculate the magnitude of the torque that acts on the loop. (Ans: 4.8×10
-3
O22. In figure 10, a rectangular loop, L
N.m)
1
=2.0 cm by L
2
=3.0 cm, carrying a current I =0.1 A, is suspended
from a spring of spring constant k =8.0×10
-2
N23. An electron, that has velocity v =3.2×10
N/m. The loop is placed into a uniform magnetic field, which
points into the page, and the spring is observed to stretch 1.0 cm. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field?
[Neglect the mass of the loop] (Ans: 0.4 T)
7
i
ˆ
( m/s), travels parallel to a uniform magnetic field of strength
2.60×10
-3
D24. What uniform magnetic field, applied perpendicular to a beam of electrons moving at 1.4×10
T. What is the force on the electron? (Ans: zero)
6
m/s is
required to make the electrons travel in a circular orbit of radius 0.40 m? (Ans: 2.0×10
-5
T)
Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 3

O25. In figure 12, a loop of wire carrying a current, I =2.0 A is in the shape of a right triangle with two equal
sides, each 15 cm long. A 0.7-T uniform magnetic field is in the plane of the triangle and is perpendicular to the
hypotenuse. What is the resultant magnetic force on the two equal sides? (Ans: 0.30 N, into the page)
O26. A wire of total length 4L and carrying a current I is placed in a uniform magnetic field B that is directed
out of the page, as shown in figure 14. Determine the net magnetic force on the wire. (Ans: 2ILB down)
O27. A wire bent into a semicircle of radius R =2.0 m forms a closed circuit and carries a current of 1.5 A. The
circuit lies in the xy plane, and a uniform magnetic field B =3.0 T is present along the y axis, as shown in
figure 15. Find the magnitude of the magnetic force on the curved portion of the wire. (Ans: 18 N)
O28. A straight long wire having a total length 2L =10 cm is carrying a current of 10 A. The wire is bent at its
mid point to form an angle of 90°, with each side of length L. As shown in figure 17, the wire is placed in the xy
plane in a region where a constant magnetic field of magnitude 3.0 mT, out of the page, exists. What is the
magnitude of the magnetic force on this wire? (Ans: 2.1 mN)
O29. A long straight wire carries a 6.0-A current that is directed in the positive x direction. When a uniform
magnetic field is applied perpendicular to a 3.0-m segment of the wire, the magnetic force on the segment is
0.36 N, directed in the negative y direction, as shown in figure 19. What is the magnetic field?
(Ans: 20 mT out of the page)
B30. Figure 20 shows a 20-turn rectangular coil of dimensions 10 cm by 5.0 cm. It carries a current of 0.10 A,
and is hinged along one long side. There is a uniform magnetic field in the region given by: B =0.50i
ˆ
T. In unit
vector notation what is the torque acting on the coil about the hinge line? (Ans: -5.0×010
-3
k
ˆ
N.m)
31. A proton is moving with velocity of v =(1.5i
ˆ
+1.5j
ˆ
)×10
6
m/s. It enters a region of a uniform magnetic
field pointing in the negative z direction. What is the direction of a uniform electric field in the xy plane that
will make the proton move un-deflected? (Ans: At an angle of 315
o
D32. A particle, with charge q =+1.6×10
form the positive x axis)
−16
C and mass m =3.2×10
−27
kg, is travelling in the positive y
direction at speed v =5.0×10
6
(Ans: 0.20 mT, into the page)
m/s, as shown in figure 21. It enters a region of uniform magnetic field where it is
deflected to follow a circular path of radius R =0.50 m. What is the magnetic field in this region?
B33. In figure 22, a square loop of wire of side 0.50 m lies in the xy plane. The current in the loop is 0.25 A.
There is a uniform magnetic field B in the positive y direction of magnitude 0.75 T. What is the toque on the
loop? (Ans: 0.047 N.m, causing rotation about the line PQ)
B34. A circular loop of radius 10 cm carries a current of 20 A. The magnetic moment of the loop is directed
along the unit vector 0.60i
ˆ
+0.80j
ˆ
. The magnetic field is B =0.20i
ˆ
– 0.40j
ˆ
(T). Find the torque on the loop.
(Ans: – 0.25k
ˆ
N.m)
35. The parallel plates shown in figure 25 are 3.8 cm apart. A 0.064-T magnetic field is present in the space
between the plates perpendicular to the plane of the paper. When an electron travelling horizontally with a speed
of 5.1×10
5
36. A proton moves through uniform magnetic and electric fields. The magnetic field is B =-3.0
m/s enters the region, it passes through un-deflected. What is the potential difference between the
plates? (Ans: 1.24 kV)
i
ˆ
(mT) and
the electric field is E =+4.0k
ˆ
(V/m). At one instant, the velocity of the proton is v =+250j
ˆ
(m/s). At that
instant, what is the magnitude of the net force on the proton? (Ans: 7.6×10
-19
N)
Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 4

O37. A wire 72 cm in length has a mass of 15 g. It is suspended by a pair of flexible leads in a magnetic field B
=0.54 T, pointing out of the page, as shown in figure 27. What current must exist in the wire for the tension in
the supporting leads to be zero? (Ans: 0.38 A from Q to P)
O38. A loop of wire carrying a current of 2.0 A is in the shape of a right-angle triangle with two equal sides,
each 15 cm long. A 0.70-T uniform magnetic field is in the plane of the triangle and is directed as shown in
figure 28. What is the magnetic force on side 3? (Ans: 0.21 N, into of the page)
B39. A closed loop has an area of 5.8×10
-2
m
2
, and carries a current of 3.0 A. It is placed in an external
magnetic field, whose magnitude is 0.50 T, with its dipole moment initially making an angle of 90
o
N40. A 2.0-C charge moves with a velocity of v =4.0
with the
external magnetic field. How much work is done by the magnetic field as it rotates the loop from its initial
orientation to a final orientation where the dipole moment is aligned with the field? (Ans: +0.087 J )
i
ˆ
+6.0j
ˆ
(m/s), and experiences a magnetic force of
F
B
i
ˆ
=24 – 16j
ˆ
+24k
ˆ
(N) in a magnetic field B =B
y
j
ˆ
+2.0k
ˆ
(T). Calculate B
y
O41. A wire of length 2.0 m carries a current of 2.0 A in the direction of the positive y axis. The wire is placed
in a uniform magnetic field. To produce a maximum magnetic force of 1.0 N directed along the positive x axis,
what must be the magnetic field? (Ans: 0.25 T along the positive z direction)
? (Ans: 3.0 T)
D42. An electron with a kinetic energy of 8.0×10
-17
J and a second electron with a kinetic energy of 4.8×10
-17
O43. A conducting wire formed into the shape of an M, with dimensions as shown in figure 29, carries a current
of 15 A. An external magnetic field B =2.5 T is directed, as shown, throughout the region occupied by the
conductor. Calculate the magnitude of the net magnetic force exerted on the conductor by the magnetic field, if
L =2.00 cm. (Ans: 1.1 N)
J
are moving in a uniform magnetic field in circular orbits in a plane perpendicular to a magnetic field. What is
the ratio of the radius of the orbit of the first electron to that of the second electron? (Ans: 1.3)
B44. Figure 30ashows two concentric coils, lying in the same plane, carry currents in opposite directions. The
current in the larger coil 1 is fixed. Current i
2
in coil 2 can be varied. Figure 30b gives the net magnetic moment
of the two-coil system as a function of i
2
. If the current in coil 2 is then reversed, what is the magnitude of the
net magnetic moment of the two-coil system when i
2
=8.0 mA? (Ans: 5.2×10
-5
A.m
2
D45. A proton moves around a circular path (radius =2.0 mm) in a uniform 0.25 T magnetic field. What total
distance does this proton travel during a 1.0-s time interval? (Ans: 48 km)
)












Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 5

A B C D E Conceptual Problems OOOOO

B1. A current loop is oriented in three different positions relative to a uniform magnetic field. In position 1, the
plane of the loop is perpendicular to the field lines. In positions 2 and 3, the plane of the loop is parallel to the
field lines as shown in figure 3. The torque is maximum in:
A. posi t i ons 2 and 3
B. posi t i on 1
C. posi t i on 2
D. posi t i on 3
E. al l t hr ee posi t i ons
D2. A charged particle is moving with speed v perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field. A second identical
charged particle is moving with speed 2v perpendicular to the same magnetic field. The frequency of revolution
of the first particle is f. The frequency of revolution of the second particle is:
A. f
B. 4f
C. f/ 2
D. 2f
E. f/ 4
N3. An electron enters a region that contains a magnetic field directed into the page as shown in figure 9. The
velocity of the electron makes an angle of 30
o
A. at an angl e of 30
with the +y axis. What is the direction of the magnetic force on
the electron when it enters the field?
O
B. upwar ds and out of t he page.
bel ow t he posi t i ve x axi s and i n t he pl ane of t he page.
C. at an angl e of 30
O
D. at an angl e of 60
above t he posi t i ve x axi s and i n t he pl ane of t he page.
O
E. at an angl e of 60
above t he posi t i ve x axi s and i n t he pl ane of t he page.
O
4. A charged particle is projected with velocity v into a region where there exists a uniform electric field of
strength E perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field of strength B. If the velocity of the charged particle is to
remain constant, the minimum velocity must be:
bel ow t he posi t i ve x axi s and i n t he pl ane of t he page.
A. of magni t ude E/ B and per pendi cul ar t o bot h E and B.
B. of magni t ude E/ B and par al l el t o B.
C. of magni t ude E/ B and par al l el t o E.
D. of any magni t ude but at 45 degr ees t o bot h E and B.
E. of magni t ude B/ E and per pendi cul ar t o bot h E and B.
N5. For a charged particle moving in a magnetic field, the magnetic field can
( 1) change i t s vel oci t y.
( 2) change i t s speed.
( 3) change i t s accel er at i on.
( 4) change i t s ki net i c ener gy.
A. 1 and 3 onl y.
B. 1 and 2 onl y.
C. 1, 2, 3, and 4.
D. 3 and 4 onl y.
E. 4 onl y.
Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 6

N6. A charged particle is placed in a region of space and it experiences a force only when it is in motion. It can
be concluded that the region encloses:
A. A magnet i c f i el d onl y.
B. An el ect r i c f i el d onl y.
C. Bot h a magnet i c f i el d and an el ect r i c f i el d.
D. Bot h a magnet i c f i el d and a gr avi t at i onal f i el d.
E. Bot h a gr avi t at i onal f i el d and an el ect r i c f i el d.
N7. Which one of the following statements is false? A uniform magnetic field
A. changes t he ki net i c ener gy of a char ge.
B. exer t s a f or ce on a movi ng char ge.
C. accel er at es a movi ng char ge.
D. of t he ear t h i s a measur abl e quant i t y.
E. changes t he moment umof a movi ng char ge.
D8. Figure 11 shows the circular paths of an electron and a proton that travel at the same speed in a uniform
magnetic field B, which points into the page. (a) Which particle follows the bigger circle, and (b) does that
particle travel clockwise or counterclockwise?
A. ( a) pr ot on ( b) count er cl ockwi se
B. ( a) pr ot on ( b) cl ockwi se
C. ( a) el ect r on ( b) count er cl ockwi se
D. ( a) el ect r on ( b) cl ockwi se
E. Not enough i nf or mat i on gi ven.
N9. The path of a charged particle in a magnetic field when its direction of motion is not at right angle to the
magnetic field, will be a:
A. hel i x.
B. ci r cl e.
C. par abol a.
D. st r ai ght l i ne.
E. hyper bol a.
N10. What is the initial direction of the deflection of an electron, initially moving in the y direction as it enters
the magnetic field shown in figure 13? [The magnetic field is in the xy plane and makes an angle of 45
o
A. out of t he page.
with the
x axis].
B. y di r ect i on.
C. 45
o
D. 45
wi t h t he x di r ect i on.
o
E. i nt o t he page.
wi t h t he y di r ect i on.
N11. Which of the following is the correct statement?
A. The magnet i c f or ce on a char ged par t i cl e coul d never be i n t he
di r ect i on of i t s vel oci t y.
B. The magnet i c f or ce does wor k on a movi ng char ge.
C. The ki net i c ener gy of a char ged par t i cl e i ncr eases i n a const ant magnet i c f i el d.
D. The accel er at i on of a char ged par t i cl e under const ant magnet i c f i el d i s zer o.
E. The magnet i c f or ce does exi st on a st at i c char ge.


Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 7

O12. A horizontal, long current-carrying wire is hanging from a vertical thread. The current is oriented into the
plane of figure 16. A uniform magnetic field is applied and the wire is pulled away from the vertical. Which of
the arrows labeled A to D correctly indicates the direction of the magnetic field?
A. C
B. A
C. D
D. B
E. The magnet i c f i el d i s or i ent ed i nt o t he pl ane of t he pi ct ur e.
N13. Figure 18 shows five situations in which a positively charged particle moves at velocity v through a
uniform magnetic field B and experiences a magnetic force F
B
A. I I
. Which of the five situations is possible?
B. I I I
C. I
D. V
E. I V
O14. In figure 23, a copper wire AB is hanging between the poles of a magnet. As a result of closing the switch
(S), there will be
A. A magnet i c f or ce on t he wi r e AB i nt o t he page.
B. A magnet i c f or ce on t he wi r e AB out of t he page.
C. A magnet i c f or ce on t he wi r e AB t owar ds t he l ef t .
D. A magnet i c f or ce on t he wi r e AB t owar ds t he r i ght .
E. No magnet i c f or ce on t he wi r e AB.
15. An electron enters a region of uniform perpendicular E and B fields. It is observed that the velocity v of
the electron is unaffected. A possible explanation is
A. v i s per pendi cul ar t o bot h E and B has a magni t ude of E/ B.
B. v i s par al l el t o E and has a magni t ude of E/ B. C. v i s par al l el t o B.
D. v i s per pendi cul ar t o bot h E and B has a magni t ude of B/ E.
E. v i s par al l el t o E and has a magni t ude of B/ E.
ND16. A uniform magnetic field is directed into the page. A particle, moving in the plane of the page, follows a
clockwise spiral of decreasing radius as shown in figure 24. A reasonable explanation is that the particle has
A. a negat i ve char ge and i s sl owi ng down.
B. a posi t i ve char ge and i s sl owi ng down.
C. a posi t i ve char ge and i s speedi ng up.
D. a negat i ve char ge and i s speedi ng up.
E. a posi t i ve char ge and i s movi ng at const ant speed.
N17. The magnetic force on a point charge in a magnetic field is largest for a given speed when it:
A. moves per pendi cul ar t o t he magnet i c f i el d.
B. moves i n t he di r ect i on of t he magnet i c f i el d.
C. moves i n a di r ect i on opposi t e t o t he magnet i c f i el d.
D. has vel oci t y component s bot h par al l el and per pendi cul ar t o t he f i el d.
E. has vel oci t y component s bot h per pendi cul ar and ant i - par al l el t o t he f i el d.




Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 8

D18. Two particles move through a uniform magnetic field that is directed out of the page as shown in figure
26, which also shows the paths taken by the two particles as they move through the field. The particles are not
subject to any other forces or fields. Which one of the following statements is correct?
A. Bot h par t i cl es ar e negat i vel y char ged.
B. Bot h par t i cl es ar e posi t i vel y char ged.
C. The par t i cl es may bot h be neut r al .
D. Par t i cl e 1 i s posi t i ve, but par t i cl e 2 i s negat i ve.
E. Par t i cl e 1 i s negat i ve, but par t i cl e 2 i s posi t i ve.
O19. A wire of length L carries a current I and is bent in the form of a circle. What is the magnitude of its
magnetic moment?
A. I L
2
B. 2I L
/ 4π
2
C. I L
/ π
2
D. I L
/ π
2
E. 4πI L
/ 2π
N20. Which of the following statements is true?
2

A. A magnet i c f i el d al one cannot change t he speed of a movi ng char ged par t i cl e.
B. I n a uni f or mmagnet i c f i el d, f ast er pr ot ons make ci r cl es i n shor t er t i mes t han
sl ower pr ot ons.
C. The di r ect i on of magnet i c f or ces i s t he same f or a pr ot on and el ect r on movi ng i n
t he same di r ect i on.
D. I n a uni f or mmagnet i c f i el d, t her e i s al ways non- zer o f or ce on a movi ng char ge
par t i cl e.
E. A magnet i c f i el d al one cannot accel er at e a movi ng char ged par t i cl e.
21. An electron is traveling in the positive x direction. A uniform electric field E is in the negative y direction
as shown in figure 31. The magnetic field that will make the electron move in a straight line has a direction
A. i nt o t he page
B. i n t he negat i ve y di r ect i on
C. i n t he posi t i ve y di r ect i on
D. out of t he page
E. i n t he negat i ve x di r ect i on
D22. Figure 32 shows the path of an electron that passes through two regions containing uniform magnetic
fields B
1
and B
2
A. B
. Its path in each region is a half circle. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
1
B. B
has a l ar ger magni t ude.
1
C. The magni t udes of t he t wo f i el ds ar e equal .
has a smal l er magni t ude.
D. The t wo f i el ds poi nt i n t he same di r ect i on.
E. The el ect r on spends t he same t i me i n bot h f i el ds.




Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 9


Figure 1 Figure 2

Figure 3



Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6

Figure 7



Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10

Figure 11



Figure 12 Figure 13

Figure 14
Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 10


Figure 15 Figure 16

Figure 17



Figure 18

Figure 19



Figure 20 Figure 21

Figure 22



Figure 23 Figure 24

Figure 25

Dr. M. F. Al-Kuhaili – PHYS 102 – Chapter 28 Page 11


Figure 26 Figure 27

Figure 28


L
2 L
45 °
B
45 °
45 °
Ig
fI

Figure 29 Figure 30

Figure 31





Figure 32

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