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Socrates was Plato’s teacher. Aristotle was Plato’s student. Alexander, the great was Aristotle’s pupil. These are the famous people of the ancient Greek history. In which continent does Greece lie? What is the capital of Greece? Write down the names of some famous people of Nepal. ............................................................ ............................................................ ............................................................ ............................................................

New words
memoirs - book or other piece of writing based on the writer's personal knowledge of

famous people, places or events Example: She has written a memoir of her meeting with Anuradha Koirala. fundamental forming the base, from which everything else develops; more important than anything else Example: We need to make fundamental changes to improve our environment. emphasis particular importance or attention that you give to something Example: We should put emphasis on preventing disease. conscious to notice that a particular thing or person exists or is present Example: She was conscious of her dress all the time in the party. nobles belonging to a high social rank in a society, especially by birth Example: She belongs to a noble family. accused to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal or unkind Example: He's been accused of robbery. dignity calm, serious and controlled behaviour that makes people respect you Example: I think everyone should be able to die with dignity influence the power to have an effect on people or things, or a person or thing that is able to do this Example: During childhood time children are under the influence of their parents. epistemology the part of philosophy that is about the study of how we know things

blending together Astronomy. He was an infantry soldier in the Athenian army.Socrates “The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. Plato.” ― Socrates Socrates was a famous philosopher in ancient Greece. Sophroniskus. he was a stone-cutter. If you have any problem. Socrates brought down philosophy from the heavens to the earth. Socratic Method. was a sculptor. As an adult. geometry and astronomy as then known. or marketplace. Socrates and added topics such as ethics. Metaphysics. and from the memoirs of Xenophon. He fought in several major battles in the Peloponnesian War. The Socratic Method explained the concepts of Good and Justice. What were the professions of Socrates? The Socratic Method is described in Plato's 'Socratic Dialogues'. and question their currently accepted way of thinking. He was born at Athens in the year 469 BC. helped students think clearly. and most of our knowledge of him and his teachings comes from the dialogues of his most famous pupil. Socrates married Xanthippe. Accordingly he was the first to declare that "the proper study of mankind is man. They had three sons—Lamprocles. He simplified philosophy. politics. . Physics. like "What is justice?" or "What is truth?" Socrates also taught his students to think for themselves. Socrates lived in the Greek city of Athens. The thing he liked to do most was to ask people fundamental questions. break it down to a series of questions and you will find your required answer in those responses. etc. The Socratic Method is so designed as to help examine one's own beliefs. Geometry. who was later one of the leaders of the Athens military machine. When he grew older he came to hate money and what it did to people. He spent most of his time in the agora. His father.”. The previous philosophies consisted of vast and unclear guesses on nature as a whole. This philosophy earned him the crown of father of political and moral philosophy and a leader in mainstream Western philosophy. in one case saving the life of Alcibiades. Socrates himself left no writings. He was one of the most powerful thinkers of history. Sophroniscus and Menexenus. and epistemology to philosophy. He had the usual education of the Athenian citizen which included knowledge of the mother tongue. discussing all sorts of things. readings in the Greek poets and also the elements of arithmetic.

q a a v g u p z e s r m e a h n p h i l o s i p i e t a m t l h s r h s e r o y t t m d t o s s e y e f r n o i m u t g y o p c o i i h q m h s l o c j w y y u o p z l e n u i g k x k r m i o y l c p t o p k Make sentences using the given words. but he had a big influence on it. find the names of at least four subjects. He encouraged people to develop friendships and love amongst themselves. nature emphasis dignity influence concentrate Comprehension check 1 a b c Answer the following questions.He considered it as a duty to cross-question men of all degrees. "Is our government good? If gods exist. He had no particular beliefs on politics but did object to democracy. Word power From the word grid given below. where do they live?" Socrates was morally. This angered some of the wealthy nobles in ancient Athens. and passed away with the dignity and calmness. to make them conscious of their ignorance and lead them in the way of becoming wise. He did not start Western philosophy. he disliked its Athenian form. intellectually and politically against the Athenians. He was sentenced to death by poison. The last day of his life he passed in conversation with his friends on the Immortality of the soul. but a few. He is often described as the father of Western philosophy. Socrates believed that one must concentrate more on self development than on material things. He wanted his students to question things. When and where was Socrates born? What did Socrates do in the market place? How did Socratic Method help students? . He then drank the hemlock. The penalty was death. They accused Socrates for not worshipping the gods whom the city worships and next for corrupting the youth. He was on trial for corrupting the mind of young Athenians. not many. Socrates is known as one of the most important philosophers in history. He died in 399 BC.

.... The Socratic Method is described in Plato's 'Socratic Dialogues'.. The Socratic Method explained the concepts of .. Do you think this method will help in solving problem? Discuss in pairs.. break it down to a series of questions and you will find your required answer in those responses...... State whether the statements are true or false and correct the false statements Sophroniskus.............. was a sculptor............. and passed away in 469 BC.. ..................... Talk time If you have any problem... Socrates was sentenced to death by ......... Socrates was an infantry soldier in the Nepalese army....... ..............d e 2 a b c d 3 a b c d e Why was Socrates exiled? Why is Socrates called the father of Western philosophy? Complete the following sentences.. of Xenophon........ Socrates was a famous . ............ in ancient Greece..... Creative writing Write a short essay on the topic ‘teacher’.............. Most of our knowledge of Socrates and his teachings comes from the ....... Socrates complicated the philosophy........... father of Socrates.. Socrates drank the hemlock.

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