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Tutorial Sheet 7 ::: MAL101 Higher order ODEs, System of ODEs, Laplace Transform Find the general solution. (a) y + 3y + 3y + y = 8ex + x + 3 (b) x3 y + x2 y 2xy + 2y = x3 ln x (c) xy + 3y = ex Solve the IVPs. (a) y + 3y + 3y + y = ex sin x, y (0) = 2, y (0) = 0, y (0) = 1. (b) x3 y 3x2 y + 6xy 6y = 24x5 , y (1) = 1, y (1) = 3, y (1) = 14. (c) y iv + 10y + 9y = 40 sinh x, y (0) = 0, y (0) = 6, y (0) = 0, y (0) = 26. Find the real general solution of the following systems. (a) y1 = 8y1 2y2 , y2 = 2y1 4y2 , (b) y1 = 3y1 y2 + 2y3 , y2 = 4y2 + 2y3 , y3 = y2 5y3 , (c) y1 = y1 4y2 + 2y3 , y2 = 2y1 + 5y2 y3 , y3 = 2y1 + 2y2 + 2y3 . Solve the following IVPs. (a) y1 = 2y1 + 2y2 , y2 = 5y1 y2 , y1 (0) = 0, y2 (0) = 7. (b) y1 = 14y1 + 10y2 , y2 = 5y1 + y2 , y1 (0) = 1, y2 (0) = 1. Solve the following system of equations. (a) y1 = y2 + e3t , y2 = y1 3e3t (b) y1 = 3y1 + y2 3 sin 3t, y2 = 7y1 3y2 + 9 cos 3t 16 sin 3t (c) y1 = 2y1 + y2 , y2 = y1 + et . Solve the following IVP. (a) y1 = y2 5 sin t, y2 = 4y1 + 17 cos t, y1 (0) = 5, y2 (0) = 2. (b) y1 = y1 + 4y2 t2 + 6t, y2 = y1 + y2 t2 + t 1, y1 (0) = 2, y2 (0) = 1. (c) y1 = 5y1 + 4y2 5t2 + 6t + 25, y2 = y1 + 2y2 t2 + 2t + 4, y1 (0) = 0, y2 (0) = 0. Find the Laplace transform of the following functions. 1 t. cos2 wt, et cosh 3t, sin 2t cos 2t, et cos t, sinh t cos t, 2et cos2 2 Find the inverse Laplace transform of the following functions. 3 5s 17s 2 , , 2s , 1 s2 25 (s3)(s1)(s+2) s4 1 s2 +s+ 2 Solve the following IVP using Laplace transform. (a) y y 2y = 0, y (0) = 8, y (0) = 7. (b) y + 2y 3y = 6e2t , y (0) = 2, y (0) = 14. Find the Laplace transform of the following functions (where u is the unit step function): tu(t 1), e2t u(t 3), 4u(t ) cos t. Find the inverse transform of the following functions: e3s /s3 , 3(1 es )/(s2 + 9), se2s /(s2 + 2 )

(12) Solve the following IVP. (a) y + 6y + 8y = e3t e5t , y (0) = 0, y (0) = 0. (b) y + 3y + 2y = 4t if 0 < t < 1 and 8 if t > 1; y (0) = 0, y (0) = 0. (c) y + 4y + 5y = (t 1), ( is the Diracs Delta) y (0) = 0, y (0) = 3. (d) y + 5y + 6y = u(t 1) + (t 2) (where u, are the step function and the diracs Delta function), y (0) = 0 and y (0) = 1. (13) Find the Laplace transform (by dierentiation) of the following functions: t2 cosh t, tet sin t, t2 cos wt (14) Find inverse transform of the following functions by dierentiation or integration: s 1 2s+6 +a , , ln( s ), cot1 . (s3)3 (s2 +6s+10)2 s+b (15) Compute convolution of the following: 1 sin wt, et e1 , cos wt sin wt, u(t 1) t2 , u(t 3) e2t . (16) Use convolution theorem to compute the inverse transform: s2 w 1 eas 6 , 2 , 2 2 , , 2 2 2 s(s + 3) (s + w ) s(s + s 2) s (s + w ) (s + 3)(s 2) (17) Solve IVP by using convolution. (a) y + y = 3 cos 2t; y (0) = 0, y (0) = 0. (b) y + 2y + 2y = 5u(t 2 ) sin t; y (0) = 1, y (0) = 0.

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(c) y + y = r(t), r(t) = 4t if 1 < t < 2 and 0 otherwise; y (0) = 0, , y (0) = 0. (d) y + 3y + 2y = r(t), r(t) = 4t if 0 < t < 1 and 8 if t > 1; y (0) = 0, y (0) = 0. (18) Solve the integral equations using Laplace transform.
t t t

y (t) = 1 +
0

y (r) dr, y = 2t 4
0

## y (r)(t r) dr, y (t) = 1 sinh t +

0

(1 + r)y (t r) dr.

(19) Use partial fraction method to nd the Laplace transform of the following: s2 + 9s 9 s3 + 6s2 + 14s 6 . , , (s + 2)(s 4) s3 9 s (s + 2)4 (20) Derive the following formulae. 1 1 (a) L1 { s4 +4 } = 4a 3 (cosh at sin at sinh at cos at), a4 s 1 } = sinh at sin at, (b) L1 { s4 +4 a4 2a2 (21) Solve the following IVPs. (a) y1 = y1 + y2 , y2 = y1 y2 , y1 (0) = 1, y2 (0) = 0, (b) y1 + y2 = 5 cos 2t, y2 + y1 = 5 cos 2t, y1 (0) = 1, y (0) = 1, y2 (0) = 1, y2 (0) = 1. (c) y1 = 2y1 + 4y2 + 64tu(t 1), y2 = y1 + 2y2 , y1 (0) = 4, y2 (0) = 4. ::: END :::