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# ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS

## Huynh Phu Minh Cuong hpmcuong@hcmut.edu.vn

Department of Telecommunications Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Ho Chi Minh city University of Technology

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## General Considerations: Noise Figure

We see that all the noise can be represented by a single equivalent source or

Where

is noise from RS
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## General Considerations: Noise Figure

The noise figure of the LNA directly adds to that of the receiver.
It is expected that the LNA contributes 2 to 3 dB of noise figure. Consider the simple example shown below:

A noise figure of 2 dB with respect to a source impedance of 50 translates to: an extremely low value.
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## Example of Metal Resistance and Noise Figure

A student lays out an LNA and connects its input to a pad through a metal line 200 m long. In order to minimize the input capacitance, the student chooses a width of 0.5 m for the line. Assuming a noise figure of 2 dB for the LNA and a sheet resistance of 40 m/ for the metal line, determine the overall noise figure. Neglect the input-referred noise current of the LNA.
We draw the equivalent circuit as shown in figure below, pretending that the line resistance, RL, is part of the LNA. The total input-referred noise voltage of the circuit inside the box is therefore equal to V n,in2+4kTRL. We thus write

where NFLNA denotes the noise figure of the LNA without the line resistance. Since NFLNA = 2 dB 1.58 and RL = (200/0.5) 40 m/ = 16 , we have

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## General Considerations: Gain

The gain of the LNA must be large enough to minimize the noise contribution of subsequent stages, specifically, the downconversion mixer(s).

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## Common Source LNA

What is the voltage gain at low frequency ? What is the voltage gain at Radio Frequency? What is the noise Figure at low frequency.

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## Common Source LNA

At High frequency

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Noise Figure

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