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www.abb.

com/fieldbus Fieldbus Evolution


The way from 4..20 to Fieldbus.

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH


3KXN600001R5801_Presentation_Fieldbus_Evolution_G001.ppt
Fieldbus Evolution

Contents

This session
covers: „ Overview
„ 4..20 mA Technology
„ HART
„ Wireless HART
„ PROFIBUS
„ PROFINET
„ FOUNDATION Fieldbus
„ IndustrialIT
„ Fieldbus benefits

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Fieldbus Evolution

Overview

Overview Growing capabilities. The way from pure measurement


4..20 mA to Plant- and Asset-Management.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
IndustrialIT today
Fieldbus benefits

2000

1999

1989

4..20 mA 1980

1950
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Fieldbus Evolution

4..20 mA analog technology

Overview
4..20 mA Analog electrical transmission standard for industrial
HART instrumentation and communication.
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus „ Current loop for signal transmission.
IndustrialIT
„ Supply of the devices over the wire.
Fieldbus benefits
„ Two wire cabling. Connection of each device
with I/O cards.

I/O Cards

Field devices

4..20 mA
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Fieldbus Evolution

Analog / Digital communication

Overview
4..20 mA What are the differences between analog and digital
HART communication in the process automation.
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION analog digital
Fieldbus
IndustrialIT
Fieldbus benefits
• Transmission of just one • More than one process value
process value (value of can be transmitted
current)
• Additional status information
• Recognizing of physical with each variable
errors (like line break)
possible • Additional Asset
Management data can be
transmitted

• High resolution of measured


value

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Fieldbus Evolution

Communication Protocol Layer model

Overview
4..20 mA Digital communication protocols have standardized structures
HART according to the OSI Layer model (Open Systems
Wireless HART Interconnection reference model)
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Application Layer
Command level, application access to the protocol
Fieldbus
7 data and commands
IndustrialIT
Fieldbus benefits 6 Presentation Layer
Not used in automation
5 Session Layer communication protocols
except in Industrial Ethernet
(TCP/IP, UDP protocols) or used
4 Transport Layer Wireless standards like
IEEE 802.11

3 Network Layer

2 Data Link Layer Physical addressing priciples, frame building,


media access control

specification of cables, current and voltage,


1 Physical Layer topologies, coding algorithms, data rate

OSI model for interoperability.

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Fieldbus Evolution

Communication Protocol Layer model

Overview
4..20 mA
HART
creating interpreting
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS Command + Data Command + Data
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
IndustrialIT
Fieldbus benefits

physical medium

transmission

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Fieldbus Evolution

HART (Highway Addressable Transducer Protocol)

Overview
4..20 mA Analog transmission with overlayed additional digital
HART informations.
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
„ Allows transmission of more than one process information plus
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
bidirectional communication capabilities in addition to 4..20 mA
IndustrialIT process value.
Fieldbus benefits „ Master station polls all slaves (cyclic communication).
„ Multidrop mode allows bus topologies (otherwise Point-to-Point
connection of devices).
„ Digital signal is overlayed on the loop current
using Frequency-Shift-Keying.
„ FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.
„ 1.2 kBit/s

Remote I/0 or Multiplexer

Field devices

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Fieldbus Evolution

WirelessHART
Overview
4..20 mA Wireless standard for the HART protocol.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
„ Allows HART diagnosis and maintenance without wired connection
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
to the device.
Fieldbus „ Basing on IEEE 802.15.4 Standard (Low Rate Wireless Personal
IndustrialIT Area Network - 2003) -> guarantees long battery life (months up to
Fieldbus benefits years)
„ Uses HART command structures
„ HART infrastructure can be reused
„ FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled

Gateway / Multiplexer

monitoring / maintenance

Field devices

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Fieldbus Evolution

PROFIBUS (Process Field Bus)

Overview
4..20 mA Digital transmission protocol covering layer 1, 2, and 7 of the
OSI model.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS „ Basis is PROFIBUS DP communication technology.
PROFINET „ DP-V0 for cyclic (non deterministic), DP-V1 for acyclic
FOUNDATION communication and DP-V2 for inter device communication.
Fieldbus „ Master / Slave communication, „Report distribution“ for Alarms and
IndustrialIT Events
Fieldbus benefits „ Implements Application profiles: PA Profile,
HART on DP, … .
„ Block principle (Function Blocks, Transducer Blocks, physical
Blocks)
„ 31.25 kBit/s on MBP side to 12 MBit/s on DP side.
„ FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.

Master
Linking device
DP PA (MBP)

Field devices

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Fieldbus Evolution

PROFINET (Process Field Network)

Overview
4..20 mA Ethernet based communication standard, using the
HART PROFIBUS DP transmission principles.
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET „ Basis is PROFIBUS DP communication technology
FOUNDATION (command structure).
Fieldbus
„ Data Link Layer is Industrial Ethernet, Application Layer is
IndustrialIT
Fieldbus benefits PROFIBUS DP.
„ Wireless communication according to the IEEE 802.11 is
possible.
„ Inter fieldbus communication via proxy servers
„ FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.

PROFINET

Proxy Proxy
Fieldbus
PROFIBUS

Field devices
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Fieldbus Evolution

FOUNDATION Fieldbus

Overview
4..20 mA Deterministic digital transmission protocol covering layer 1, 2,
and 7 of the OSI model.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS „ HSE (High Speed Ethernet, up to 100 MBit/s, Wireless
PROFINET communication according to the IEEE 802.11 is possible) and H1
FOUNDATION (31.25 kBit/s) is available.
Fieldbus „ Publisher/ Subscriber for cyclic (deterministic) and Client/ Server
IndustrialIT model for acyclic communication plus „Report distribution“ for
Fieldbus benefits Alarms and Events or Trends.
„ Block principle (Function Blocks, Transducer Blocks, Resource
Blocks).
„ Communication between Device-Function-Blocks (control in the
field).
„ FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.

Linking device
HSE H1(MBP)
LAS

Field devices

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Fieldbus Evolution

IndustrialIT

Overview
4..20 mA Powerful and coordinated with each other ABB Service
HART Product Portfolio to rule your plant.
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET Plant Automation, Asset Optimization and collaborative
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
business processes combined in the 800xA System, using the
IndustrialIT ABB Apect Object Technology.
Fieldbus benefits

Everything can be done in real time within a single system.

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Fieldbus Evolution

Fieldbus benefits

Overview
4..20 mA Reduced wiring, and therefore, ease of engineering and installation
HART
Wireless HART Communication faults can be located from the control room
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION Instrument settings can be downloaded from the control room
Fieldbus
IndustrialIT High resolution of the measured value
Fieldbus benefits
The original signal is not altered by analog/digital conversion

Communication of measurement value and device status from field


instruments to DCS

Plausibility checks confirm the quality of the signal

Diagnostic information for predictive maintenance; maintenance is


performed only when scheduled
or required

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Fieldbus Evolution

Conclusion

ABB makes the difference…

1010
0101

Freedom Power Reliability

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Fieldbus Evolution

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