You are on page 1of 10

# Answer the following Question No 1 and 2 based upon the following data relating to a flight from A to B; Maximum Take

ff weight !!"### kg \$eight less fuel and pa% load 2&"### kg Mean TA' 2(# kt )istan*e A to B 1!!# nm +eser,e -uel *onsumption 1(## kg per hour +eser,e fuel *arried .Assumed /n0use1 223!# kg Maximum 4anding weight 52"!## kg Maximum authori6ed 6ero fuel weight 78"### kg 13 The maximum pa%load" whi*h *an be *arried in still air" is; 1 1721! 9g 2 1#2!# 9g 7 &### 9g 5 112!# 9g The maximum pa%load that *an be *arried with a :;A) \$<N) 1 8((# 9g 2 #2!# 9g 7 &### 9g 5 12!# 9g - &# 9t is;

23

-or a flight from station =>?")<'T 1!## nm air*raft *ruise TA' 27! kt" Tra*k out bond #&# .T1" - B 2!## lbs" Normal -uel *onsumption 2!! 4bs@hr and in *ase of one engine failure" redu*ed TA' A -@B are 18# kt TA' and 1&# lbs@hr" respe*ti,el%3 A,erage wind *omponent C 7# kt what shall be the radius of a*tion if one engine fails at the time of returning ba*k to baseD 1 1122nm 2 1157nm 3 #&8!nm 4 1717nm \$ind ,elo*it% upto *riti*al Eoint 2!#@5# kt and be%ond BE 7## @ 1# kt3 The air*raft *ruising speed to *riti*al point in the e,ent of engine failure; use Fues no3 7 data )istan*e 1!## nm3 )istan*e to BE Time to BE .:rG Minutes G 'e*onds1 1 !!5nm 2G78G22 2 !15nm 2G21G7( 3 (55nm 2G25G1& 4 !!2nm 2G5!G## Hi,en -4 77#" temperature I 0 !# deg B" +A' I 71# kt" what is Ma*h numberD 1 #3&# 2 #382 3 131( N a Mer*ator Bhart" the HB tra*k from =A? .2! deg3 '" 1# deg3 \$1 to =B? .7! deg3 '" 5# deg3 \$1 is 252 T" what is the +4 Tra*k from B to A; 1 2583! 2 2753! 3 (&3! 4 !53! The ele,ation of aerodrome =Alfa and Bra,o? are 18B feet and 58# feet from mean sea le,el " respe*ti,el%3 An air*raft a takes off from =alfa? with its altimeter subs*ale set on 1#1# hEa" reading 18# feet and files (## nm in two hours; and lands at =bra,o? without resetting its altimeter subs*ales3 The altimeter reads !2# feet at tou*h down3 Bal*ulate the ,alues of QN: A Q-; of aerodrome =Bra,o? QN: Q-; 1 1#2& hEa 1#17 hEa 2 1#17 hEa #&&2 hEa 3 1#2( hEa 1##2 hEa 4 1##2 hEa #&&1 hEa

An Air*aft maintaining :dg #5! .M1" TA' 1!# kt" A)- reading #5! .+1" )M; 1#nm has been instru*ted to inter*ept a radial of 7## from the J + for a standard hold .J + A N)B and Bo0lo*ated13 \$hat heading a pilot should steer to .A1 inter*ept the radial A after <nter*ept the radial .B1 :eading to rea*h o,er the station and A)f reading .B1 ut bound heading3 Assume pre,ailing winds 15#@7! kt in the holding area .*orre*tion 7)1; .A1 .B1 .B1 :dg to inter*ept the radial :dg to rea*h the station@A)ut bound :dg 1 #7# 12!@7!! 28! 2 1#! 11!@##! 71! 3 #(# 12#@### 7## 4 #5! 11!@##! 71# <f the s*ale at (# degree N is 1G!###" ###" what is Kthe *hart length in *entimeters between 1deg of longitude at that latitudeD 1 #3&(2*m 2 13&2#*m 3 1311#*m 4 2322#*m The operational details of an air*raft are" Maximum take off weight 22"### kg" Maximum landing weight (7"### kg and Maximum >ero -uel weight (#"### kg" burn off fuel (3! Tons3 +eser,e fuel 73! Tons" perational weight of Air*raft 52"### kg Bal*ulate the maximum pa%load that *an be *arried for this flight; 1 2#"### kg 2 18"### kg 3 12"!## kg The speed of sound at 5!### feet <'A isD 1 !!1 kt 2 !27 kt 3 !&5 kt 4 (#1 kt \$hen fitted with mode KBK transponders" a TBA' 02 s%stem ma% pro,ideD 1 +A onl% 2 TA onl% 3 :ori6ontal plane TA A +A 4 Jerti*al plane T A A +A Lou are fl%ing from station A .7# deg '" 2# deg ;1 to station B .7# deg ' 2# deg \$13 At what longitude will the HB tra*k eFual the +4 tra*kD 1 1# deg ; 2 1# deg \$ 3 # deg ;@\$ 4 2# deg \$

&

1#

11

12

17

15 \$hat is the approximate altitude of a 7 deg glide slope *enterline at 1! )M; if the airfield is at sea le,el and the )M; is abeam the runwa% thresholdD 1 5!## feet AM'4 2 7### feet AM'4 3 2!## feet AM'4 1! <t is 251!## 4MT on longitude 115 deg #(K ;" \$hi*h answer best represents *urrent /TBD 1 25#225## /TB 2 2!127(25 /TB 3 25227(25 /TB The *oded identifi*ation of J + is transmitted about e,er%00000se*onds; 1 1# se*onds 2 2# se*onds 3 7# se*onds 4 1! se*onds

1(

12 )M; readings gi,e an a**urate range if the airplane is further than 1 nm per 0000feet abo,e the ele,ation of the )M; ground stationD 1 1### feet 2 (### feet 3 7### feet 4 2### feet 18 The air*raft is tra*king a Magneti* *ourse 227 with ( deg to the port \$hen the air*raft is abeam N)B to the left of *ourse" what will be the indi*ation on the +elati,e Bearing indi*atorD 1 #85 +B 2 2(5 +B 7 22( +B 5 #&( +B 1& The air*raft is on3 a heading Magneti* 75# with A)- reading 1&#3 \$hat +M< needle will readD 1 The pointer reads 12# and the tail 7!# 2 The pointer reads 7!# and the tail 12# 7 The pointer reads 1!# and the tail 77# 5 The heading 75# and the pointer 1&#3 )epending upon the air*raft speeds" the Air 'peed <ndi*ator is *olor *oded3 The seFuen*e of the *olor *ode is M 1 \$hite" Hreen" Lellow" +ed 2 \$hite" Lellow" Hreen" +ed 7 Hreen" Lellow" \$hite" +ed 5 Lellow" \$hite" Hreen" +ed3 instrument pro,ides the most pertinent information .primar%1 for pit*h *orre*tion reFuirements in le,el Altimeter Air speed <ndi*ator Jerti*al 'peed <ndi*ator Attitude <ndi*ator

2#

## 21 \$hi*h turning flightD 1 2 7 5

22 \$hi*h instrument pro,ides the most pertinent information .primar%1 for bank *orre*tion reFuirements in a standard rate turn 1 Artifi*ial hori6on 2 Jerti*al 'peed <ndi*ator 7 Turn *oordinator 5 :eading <ndi*ator 27 <f the B)< is 2 dots right with #&# set on the omni bearing <ndi*ator and the NT N flag is showing" what radial is the airplane onD 1 #&5 2 #&2 7 225 5 2(( 253 \$hat is the *orre*t seFuen*e for re*o,er% from a nose high" banked turn" redu*ing airspeed and unusual attitudeD 1 Borre*t the bank attitude" lower the nose to a le,el attitude and lastl% appl% power 2 4ower the nose to a le,el attitude" *orre*t the bank attitude and appl% power 7 Appl% power" lower the nose to a le,el attitude and lastl% *orre*t the bank attitude 2! -or an airplane fl%ing at the M BA" a**eptable na,igational signal *o,erage is assured for a distan*e of 0000from the J +; 1 22 nm 2 22 sm 7 )epends upon the height of the air as J:- is line of sight range 5 J:- range formula 1 ! O:T 2( A 1# deg bearing *hange abeam" a J + takes 5 minutes 7# se*onds <f %ou turned and flew to the J +" what is the approximate distan*e" if the ground speed is 18# kt; 1 81 nm 3 2 177 nm 7 173!nm 22 \$hat is the purpose of the sense antenna in an A)- s%stemD 1 To a,oid *o0*hannel interferen*e 2 To *orre*t @ redu*e night effe*t 7 To redu*e the effe*ts of thunderstorm interferen*e 5 To assist the loop aerial in resol,ing ambiguit% b% *orre*tl% identif%ing whi*h side of the air*raft the N ' is lo*ated on3 Lou are a**elerating on a heading of 22# deg B in the Northern :emisphere3 The *ompass will indi*ate; 1 A turn towards 'outh 2 A turn towards North 7 /nder read 5 'how *orre*t :eading 22# -or a rate one turn at 1!# kt" the angle of Bank must beD 1 22 deg 2 2! deg 7 7# deg 5 1! deg

28

2&

7#

HE\$' must pro,ide; 1 Jisual warnings 2 Aural and ,isual warning 7 Aural warning whi*h ma% be supplemented b% ,isual warning 5 Jisual A aural warnings" whi*h ma% be supplemented b% ta*ti*al warning Between what heights is HE\$' a*ti,eD 1 >ero and !## feet 2 >ero and 2!## feet 7 !# feet and !## feet 5 !# feet and 25!# feet \$hi*h of the following is a ,alid freFuen*% .M:61 for a J +; 1 1#232! 2 1#&3&# 7 11837! 5 11232#

71

72

77 The phase differen*e between the referen*e and ,ariable signals on Q)M #!#" ,erifi*ation 1# deg3 \$" for a *on,entional J + is3 1 #!# deg 2 #5# deg3 7 27# deg 5 22# deg 75 The dire*ti,e for*e of the earthKs magneti* fieldG 1 Jaries with the heading of the air*raft 2 <n*reases as the magneti* ,ariation in*reases 7 <n*reases as magneti* latitude in*reases 5 <s greatest at the magneti* eFuator The <4' 4o*ali6er is normall% positionedD 1 7## meters from the down wind end of the runwa% 2 7## meters from the threshold 7 7## meters from the up wind end of the runwa% 5 2## meters abeam the threshold A BAT 0 <<< .a1 <4' s%stem pro,ides a**urate guidan*e down to; 1 The runwa% surfa*e 2 4ess than !# feet 7 /p to !# feet 5 /pto 1## feet 1 2 7 5 78 n a 4o*ali6er the modulations are at 1!# :6 and &# :63 \$hi*h of the following statements is *orre*tD The &# :6 modulation predominates to the right of the *enter line on approa*h The 1!# :6 modulation predominates to the right of the *entre line on approa*h The &# :6 modulation predominates to the left of the *entre line on take off \$hen both modulations are re*ei,ed the aero plane will be on the *entre line

7!

7(

72

\$hi*h of the following statements is TrueD 1 A lo*ali6er ba*k beam should onl% be used for approa*hes if there is a published pro*edure 2 All lo*ali6ers ha,e ba*k beams3 The% pro,ide guidan*e in the e,ent of a missed approa*h 7 4o*ali6er ba*k beams are ne,er *he*ked for a**ura*% 5 A lo*ali6er ba*k beam will alwa%s pro,ide re,ersed steering signals <f the pressure altitude is 7#"### feet at an ele,ation of 2("### feet" what is QN:D

7&

1 2 7 5 5#

## 8!&32 hEa 82&32 hEa 88232 hEa 8&232 hEa

)ensit% altitude is; 1 The densit% at whi*h the existing temperature would o**ur in the <'A 2 The ele,ation at whi*h the existing densit% would o**ur in the <'A 7 The altitude at whi*h the existing densit% would o**ur in the <'A 5 The pressure altitude *orre*ted for densit% de,iation At a fixed pressure altitude an in*rease in temperature willG 1 )e*rease densit% altitudeG 2 <n*rease densit% but de*rease densit% altitude 7 Not affe*t densit% altitude 5 )e*rease densit% but in*rease densit% altitude Lou are tra*king a radial #7# from J + KPK and experien*ing *ross wind 1# deg 'tarboard drift3

51

52

.a1 \$hat magneti* heading should be steered" area ,ariation 1# deg and de,iation ! deg \$ .b1 \$hat would be the +M< <ndi*ation en0route" when abeam to the right of NBharlie N)BN 1 2 7 5 .a1 #5# #7# #2# #5! .b1 12# 7## 12# 17#

57 \$hen making an airborne J + *he*k" what is the maximum allowable toleran*e between the two indi*ators of a dual J + s%stem units independent of ea*h other ex*ept the antenna" the B)< needle of the units are in *entral position within 000000; 1 5 deg3 2 ( deg3 7 +eading should be same 5 Allowan*e must be gi,en for aggregate error 55 Minimum for an <4' approa*h with all *omponents operati,e normall% establish a )e*ision :eight .):1 with a :AT of 00000feetD 1 2## 2 5## 7 1## 5 !## 5! <f a J + shows a three dots defle*tion of the B)< .! dots s*ale1 at 7# nm from the station" the airplaneG is displa*ed 00000nm from the *ourse line; 1 7 nm 2 ( nm 7 13! nm 5 12 nm 5( \$hat ,isual and aural indi*ations will %ou re*ei,e on an <4' as air*raft passes o,er the outer markerD 1 A flashing blue marker light and *ontinuous dashes 2 A flashing amber marker light and alternate dots A dashes 7 A flashing white marker light and alternate dot and dash 5 A flashing blue marker light and alternate dot and dash <f a lo*ali6e" has the *oded ident < 0 )AN" %ou would expe*t the ident of the 4MM to be 00000; 1 AN 2 )A

52

7 5

## N None of the abo,e" read on the Qepson Bhart

58 \$hat approximate rate of des*ent in feet per minute is reFuired to a*hie,e a 7 deg glide slope" whi*h is 7## feet per nm" if the Hround speed of the airplane is (# ktD 1 7## feet per minute 2 (## feet per minute 7 1!# feet per minute 5 5!# feet per minute 5& <f the airplane is in an unusual flight attitude and the attitude indi*ator ex*eeded its limits" whi*h two instrument.s1 should be rea*hed upon to determine the pit*h attitude before starting re*o,er%D 1 A'< A Altimeter 2 Jerti*al speed indi*ator" turn *oordinator 7 Altimeter A ,erti*al speed indi*ator !# <f a standard rate of turn is maintained" it would take 3333 'e*onds to turn left from Magneti* :eading #!# to Magneti* :eading 12#; 1 27 se*onds 2 &2 se*onds 7 11 se*onds 5 7# se*onds !1 Turning error in a dire*t reading magneti* *ompass is *aused b%; 1 Magneti* dip 2 Bentripetal@*entrifugal for*e 7 4iFuid in the Bowl 5 Bentre of gra,it% is brought below the pi,ot

!(

The *oded identifi*ation of the )M; is transmitted about on*e e,er%0000se*onds; 1 1# se*onds 0000000000000J + 2 2# se*onds 7 7# se*onds 5 1! se*onds \$hen *limbing through an in,ersion at *onstant BA'D 1 T A' in*reases 2 Ma*h number in*reases 7 Ma*h number remains *onstant 5 TA' de*reases <n a J 1 2 7 + @ :'< na,igation s%stem" NAggregate ;rrorN is; The error *aused b% in*orre*t *alibration of the ground station The error *aused b% the in *oming J:- wa,es being bent b% the air*raft stru*ture The sum of all J + errors and its maximum ,alue is ! deg

!2

!8

!&3

\$hi*h of the answers below is an ad,antage of N)oppler J +ND 1 +edu*ed NBone of 'ilen*eN si6e 2 +edu*ed sk% wa,e a*ti,it% at night 7 +edu*ed site error 5 +edu*ed stati* interferen*e )istan*e on M4' is measured b%G 1 Measuring the time taken for the primar% +adar pulse to tra,el from the M4' transmitter to the air*raft 2 Measuring the time taken for the se*ondar% radar pulse to tra,el from the M4' transmitter to the air*raft re*ei,er 7 Ehase *omparison between the A6imuth and ele,ation beams 5 Bo0lo*ated )M;

(#

(1 A relati,e bearing indi*ator shows #7# deg3 The heading of an aeroplane is #&# deg3 M3 The inter*ept angle for a *ourse to the N)B of 18# deg3 M isG 1 12# deg 2 7# deg 3 7 1!# deg3 5 (# deg3 (2 \$hen *ompass reads #&# .M1 and A)- #(#" the magneti* tra*k to the station <' 1 1!# deg 2 #7# deg 7 #(# deg 5 77# deg

(7 The air*raft flies from position (# deg N" 12# deg ; to a new position (# deg N" 12! deg \$ *rossing the international elate line" the obser,er should; 1 <n*rease the date and 4MT de*reases 2 )e*rease the date and 4MT de*reases 7 <n*rease the date and 4MT in*reases 5 )e*rease the date and 4MT in*reases (5 n a *ross 0 *ountr% flight plan from A to B" distan*e 17! nm" due to *ross wind" tile air*raft drifts and A)- reads 12# at a distan*e of &# nm3 :ow man% degrees of heading *orre*tion should be applied to *o,erage to the station =B?D 1 7# deg port 2 7# deg star board 7 1! deg port 5 1! deg star board

(!

The instrument ha,ing mushing error is knows as; 1 )M; 2 +adio altimeter3 7 +adar altimeter 5 Hround positioning s%stem 'atellites used in HN'' orbit the earth; 1 n*e in twel,e hours 2 n*e in eight hours 7 n*e <n twent% four hours <f the pitot tube and outside stati* ,ents or ports were *logged" whi*h instrument or instruments would be affe*ted 1 2 7 5 The altimeter" J'<" A'< and Ma*h meter would pro,ide ina**urate instrument readings The airspeed indi*ator would indi*ate ex*essi,el% high airspeeds The A'<" altimeter and turn A slip indi*ator would pro,ide ina**urate instrument readings The onl% instruments that <t would pro,ide erroneous indi*ations are A'< and altimeter

((

(2

(8 Hi,en heading #!# .T1" ground speed 12& kt" tra*k #(5 deg .T1 and true airspeed 152 kt3 Bal*ulate the wind ,elo*it%; K1 7!#@7! kt 2 12!@7! kt 7 7##@7! kt (& \$hat is the wa,e length of a signal with freFuen*% of (## 9:>; 1 !# *m 2 !# metrer 7 !## metrer 5 !### metrer <n a standb% dire*t reading *ompass" there isG 1 A non pendulousl% mounted magneti* s%stem 2 A single pendulousl% mounted magneti* bar 7 A *ir*ular magnet or pair of bar magnets pendulousl% mounted 5 A low magneti* moment s%stem either of *ir*ular or bar *onfiguration The dire*ti,e for*e of the earthKs magneti* field; 1 Jaries with the heading of the 2ir*raft 2 <n*reases as the magneti* ,ariation in*reases 7 <n*reases as the magneti* latitude in*reases 5 <s greatest at the magneti* eFuator \$hen des*ending below the tropopause under normal *onditions .in*reasing temperature1 at a *onstant BA'G 1 Both TA' and Ma*h number will de*rease 2 Both TA' and Ma*h number will in*rease 7 The TA' will de*rease and the Ma*h number will in*rease 5 TA' will in*rease and the Ma*h number will de*rease \$hen *limbing at a *onstant Ma*h number below the tropopause through an in,ersion la%er R 1 The BA' end TA' will both in*rease 2 The BA' and TA' will both de*rease 7 The BA' will de*rease and TA' will in*rease 5 The BA' will in*rease and TA' will de*rease

2#

21

22

27

25

<n the <J'<" lag error; 1 <s eliminated b% feeding a sample of stati* pressure to the *ase and dela%ing it to the *apsule 2 <s ,isuall% eliminated b% using a spe*ial dashpot a**elerometer assembl% 7 <s eliminated b% the use of logarithmi* presentation 5 <s onl% eliminated when initiating a *limb or des*ent \$hen fl%ing from 4ow pressure to high pressure" the barometri* error of an altimeter will *ause the instrument toG 1 +ead the true altitude pro,ided a *orre*tion is made for temperature 2 ,er read the true altitude of the air*raft 7 <ndi*ate a higher altitude than the *orre*t one 5 /nder read the true altitude of the air*raft )M; radio wa,es followD 1 Hreat *ir*le tra*ks 2 +humb line tra*ks 7 The radio wa,e is transmitted in all dire*tions Hi,en" ,ariation 1! deg \$" de, C 7 deg" True :eading 185" drift is ! deg starboard" what is *ompass Tra*kD 1 2#1 2 1&1 7 122 5 2#2 \$hat is the true dire*tion and distan*e .in nm1 from 58 deg 77K'" !2 deg #& ;1 to .21 deg327K '" !2 deg #&K ;1; 1 ### deg T 1728 nm 2 ### deg M 17(! nm 7 18# deg T 172# nm 5 18# deg M 172# nm <f pressure altitude is 7#"### feet" indi*ated TAT is 0 1# deg B" Ma*h number is #382" what is the densit% altitudeD 1 71### feet 2 7#522 feet 7 7#!27 feet 5 7#(25 feet To impro,e the :ori6ontalit% of a *ompass" the magnet assembl% is suspended from a pointG 1 n the *entre of the magnet 2 Below the *entre of gra,it% 7 Abo,e the *entre of gra,it% 5 Jar%ing with magneti* latitude

2!

2(

22

28

2&

8#