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, and wild hemp. Its roof is rusty, the chimney is tumbling down, the steps at the front-door are rotting away and overgrown with grass, and there are only traces left of the stucco. The front of the lodge faces the hospital; at the back it looks out into the open country, from which it is separated by the grey hospital fence with nails on it. These nails, with their points upwards, and the fence, and the lodge itself, have that peculiar, desolate, God-forsaken look which is only found in our hospital and prison buildings. If you are not afraid of being stung by the nettles, come by the narrow footpath that leads to the lodge, and let us see what is going on inside. Opening the first door, we walk into the entry. ere along the walls and by the stove every sort of hospital rubbish lies littered about. !attresses, old tattered dressing-gowns, trousers, blue striped shirts, boots and shoes no good for anything -- all these remnants are piled up in heaps, mi"ed up and crumpled, mouldering and giving out a sickly smell. The porter, #ikita, an old soldier wearing rusty good-conduct stripes, is always lying on the litter with a pipe between his teeth. e has a grim, surly, battered-looking face, overhanging eyebrows which give him the e"pression e belongs to the class of simple-hearted, practical, and dull-witted people, of a sheep-dog of the steppes, and a red nose; he is short and looks thin and scraggy, but he is of imposing deportment and his fists are vigorous. their duty to beat people. prompt in carrying out orders, who like discipline better than anything in the world, and so are convinced that it is e showers blows on the face, on the chest, on the back, on whatever comes first, and is ere the walls are convinced that there would be no order in the place if he did not. #e"t you come into a big, spacious room which fills up the whole lodge e"cept for the entry. painted a dirty blue, the ceiling is as sooty as in a hut without a chimney -- it is evident that in the winter the stove smokes and the room is full of fumes. The windows are disfigured by iron gratings on the inside. The wooden floor is grey and full of splinters. There is a stench of sour cabbage, of smouldering wicks, of bugs, and of ammonia, and for the first minute this stench gives you the impression of having walked into a menagerie. <2> There are bedsteads screwed to the floor. !en in blue hospital dressing-gowns, and wearing nightcaps in the old style, are sitting and lying on them. These are the lunatics. There are five of them in all here. Only one is of the upper class, the rest are all artisans. The one nearest the door -- a tall, lean workman with shining red whiskers and tear-stained eyes -- sits with his head propped on his hand, staring at the same point. $ay and night he grieves, shaking his head, sighing and smiling bitterly. e takes a part in conversation and usually makes no answer to %uestions; he eats and drinks mechanically when food is offered him. &rom his agoni'ing, throbbing cough, his thinness, and the flush on his cheeks, one may (udge that he is in the first stage of consumption. #e"t to him is a little, alert, very lively old man, with a pointed beard and curly black hair like a negro)s. *y day he walks up and down the ward from window to window, or sits on his bed, cross-legged like a Turk, and, ceaselessly as a bullfinch whistles, softly sings and titters. e shows his childish gaiety and lively character at night also when he gets up to say his prayers -- that is, to beat himself on the chest with his fists, and to scratch with his fingers at the door. This is the +ew !oiseika, an imbecile, who went cra'y twenty years ago when his hat factory was burnt down. ,nd of all the inhabitants of -ard #o. ., he is the only one who is allowed to go out of the lodge, and even out of the yard into the street. e has en(oyed this privilege for years, probably because he is an old inhabitant of the hospital -- a %uiet, harmless imbecile, the buffoon of the town, where people are used to seeing him surrounded by boys and dogs. In his wretched gown, in his absurd night-cap, and in slippers, sometimes with bare legs and even without trousers, he walks about the streets, stopping at the gates and little shops, and begging for a copper. In one place they will give him some kvass, in another some bread, in another a copper, so that he generally goes back to the ward feeling rich and well fed. /verything that he brings back #ikita takes from him for his own benefit. The soldier does this roughly, angrily turning the +ew)s pockets inside out, and calling God to witness that he will not let him go into the street again, and that breach of the regulations is worse to him than anything in the world. <3> !oiseika likes to make himself useful. e gives his companions water, and covers them up when they are asleep; he promises each of them to bring him back a kopeck, and to make him a new cap; he feeds with a spoon his
neighbour on the left, who is paraly'ed.
e acts in this way, not from compassion nor from any considerations of a
humane kind, but through imitation, unconsciously dominated by Gromov, his neighbour on the right hand. Ivan $mitritch Gromov, a man of thirty-three, who is a gentleman by birth, and has been a court usher and provincial secretary, suffers from the mania of persecution. corner as though for e"ercise; he very rarely sits down. e either lies curled up in bed, or walks from corner to e is always e"cited, agitated, and overwrought by a sort of
vague, undefined e"pectation. The faintest rustle in the entry or shout in the yard is enough to make him raise his head and begin listening0 whether they are coming for him, whether they are looking for him. ,nd at such times his face e"presses the utmost uneasiness and repulsion. I like his broad face with its high cheek-bones, always pale and unhappy, and reflecting, as though in a mirror, a soul tormented by conflict and long-continued terror. is grimaces are strange and abnormal, but the delicate lines traced on his face by profound, genuine suffering show intelligence and sense, and there is a warm and healthy light in his eyes. I like the man himself, courteous, an"ious to be of use, and e"traordinarily gentle to everyone e"cept #ikita. -hen anyone drops a button or a spoon, he (umps up from his bed %uickly and picks it up; every day he says good- morning to his companions, and when he goes to bed he wishes them good-night. *esides his continually overwrought condition and his grimaces, his madness shows itself in the following way also. 1ometimes in the evenings he wraps himself in his dressing-gown, and, trembling all over, with his teeth chattering, begins walking rapidly from corner to corner and between the bedsteads. It seems as though he is in a violent fever. &rom the way he suddenly stops and glances at his companions, it can be seen that he is longing to say something very important, but, apparently reflecting that they would not listen, or would not understand him, he shakes his head impatiently and goes on pacing up and down. *ut soon the desire to speak gets the upper hand of every consideration, and he will let himself go and speak fervently and passionately. be felt in it, both in the words and the voice. -hen he talks you recogni'e in him the lunatic and the man. It is difficult to reproduce on paper his insane talk. e speaks of the baseness of mankind, of violence trampling on (ustice, of the glorious life which will one day be upon earth, of the window-gratings, which remind him every minute of the stupidity and cruelty of oppressors. It makes a disorderly, incoherent potpourri of themes old but not yet out of date. <4> II 1ome twelve or fifteen years ago an official called Gromov, a highly respectable and prosperous person, was living in his own house in the principal street of the town. e had two sons, 1ergey and Ivan. -hen 1ergey was a student in his fourth year he was taken ill with galloping consumption and died, and his death was, as it were, the first of a whole series of calamities which suddenly showered on the Gromov family. -ithin a week of 1ergey)s funeral the old father was put on trial for fraud and misappropriation, and he died of typhoid in the prison hospital soon afterwards. The house, with all their belongings, was sold by auction, and Ivan $mitritch and his mother were left entirely without means. itherto in his father)s lifetime, Ivan $mitritch, who was studying in the 2niversity of 3etersburg, had received an allowance of si"ty or seventy roubles a month, and had had no conception of poverty; now he had to make an abrupt change in his life. e had to spend his time from morning to night giving lessons for ne"t to nothing, to work at copying, and with all that to go hungry, as all his earnings were sent to keep his mother. Ivan $mitritch could not stand such a life; he lost heart and strength, and, giving up the university, went home. ere, through interest, he obtained the post of teacher in the district school, but could not get on with his colleagues, was not liked by the boys, and soon gave up the post. owing to his illness. e had never even in his young student days given the impression of being perfectly healthy. made him hysterical. e had always been pale, thin, and given to catching cold; he ate little and slept badly. , single glass of wine went to his head and e always had a craving for society, but, owing to his irritable temperament and suspiciousness, e always spoke with contempt of his fellowe he never became very intimate with anyone, and had no friends. is mother died. e was for si" months without work, living on nothing but bread and water; then he became a court usher. e kept this post until he was dismissed is talk is disordered and feverish like delirium, disconnected, and not always intelligible, but, on the other hand, something e"tremely fine may
townsmen, saying that their coarse ignorance and sleepy animal e"istence seemed to him loathsome and horrible.
meaningless life. with cold perspiration on his forehead. and from his face one could see that he was not reading. nervously pulling at his beard and looking through the maga'ines and books. police officers. and always with perfect sincerity. that they needed schools. turning up the collar of his greatcoat and splashing through the mud. and to collect some payment that was owing. sorrowful feeling. and thrown into prison. a verdict of ac%uittal -.in course of time. and at night he could not sleep. and for some reason this seemed to him suspicious.fter visiting the artisan. and no fine shades. miscarriage of (ustice5 It was not without good reason that the agelong e"perience of the simple people teaches that beggary and prison are ills none can be safe from. that the townspeople had no lofty interests. made his way by side-streets and back lanes to see some artisan. is it not absurd even to think of (ustice when every kind of violence is accepted by society as a rational and consistent necessity. with heat. aroused a kind. and every act of mercy -. that society must see its failings and be horrified. or theft in the future either.t home he always read lying down. take any but a formal attitude to their clients. <5> In spite of the severity of his (udgments and his nervousness. and his shabby coat. In the evening he did not light his lamp. who greeted him and walked a few paces along the street with him. III One autumn morning Ivan $mitritch. and invariably either with scorn and indignation. e did not know of any harm he had done. put into fetters.in order to deprive an innocent man of all rights of property. Ivan $mitritch had very often met convicts before. he was liked. and an unaccountable inward agitation prevented him from reading or concentrating his mind. as he always was in the morning. (udges. e would sit at the club. or with wonder and enthusiasm. strange impression on him. even if they wish it. and to condemn him to penal servitude. warm. . he was well educated and well read. !oreover. Then you may look in vain for (ustice and protection in this dirty. and then -.spoke in a loud tenor. too. but kept thinking that he might be arrested. In his criticisms of people he laid on the colours thick. a theatre. (udicial mistake is very possible as legal proceedings are conducted nowadays. and behind his back was spoken of affectionately as 4anya.nd. and.calls forth a perfect outburst of dissatisfied and revengeful feeling5 <6> In the morning Ivan $mitritch got up from his bed in a state of horror. but was it not easy to commit a crime by accident. indeed. was in a gloomy mood. . soulless attitude to human personality the (udge needs but one thing -. and hypocrisy. -ith this formal. but devouring the pages without giving himself time to digest what he read. he knew everything. . through habit. grow so callous that they cannot. but now this meeting made a peculiar. and was in their eyes something like a walking encyclopedia. while honest men lived from hand to mouth. . his good breeding. his frail appearance and family misfortunes. is innate refinement and readiness to be of service. as he fell upon anything that came into his hands with e%ual avidity. using only black and white. and could be certain that he would never be guilty of murder. It must be supposed that reading was one of his morbid habits. coarse profligacy. professional relation to other men)s sufferings -. and does not notice the blood. diversified by violence. but lived a dingy. and there is nothing to be wondered at in it. . In one of the side-streets he was met by two convicts in fetters and four soldiers with rifles in charge of them. on the way home he met near the post office a police superintendent of his ac%uaintance. e had read a great deal.time -. his moral purity. unconsciously. -hatever one talked to him about he always brought it round to the same sub(ect0 that life was dull and stifling in the town. even last year)s newspapers and calendars. e e always spoke with passion and enthusiasm of women and of love. according to the townspeople)s notions. but he had never been in love. doctors -. in this respect they are not different from the peasant who slaughters sheep and calves in the back-yard. indeed. might be put into fetters and led through the mud to prison like that. the coordination of the intellectual elements. wretched little town a hundred and fifty miles from a railway station6 . Only the time spent on performing certain formalities for which the (udge is paid his salary. and was not false witness always possible.it is all over. and they had always e"cited feelings of compassion and discomfort in him.for instance. mankind was divided for him into honest men and scoundrels0 there was nothing in between. a progressive local paper. 3eople who have an official. public lectures.t home he could not get the convicts or the soldiers with their rifles out of his head all day.for instance. arson. It suddenly seemed to him for some reason that he. that scoundrels were well fed and clothed.
In the spring when the snow melted there were found in the ravine near the cemetery two half-decomposed corpses -. <7> e began to avoid people and to seek solitude. In the end Ivan $mitritch. That people might not think he had been guilty of the crime. and disturbed the patients. e slipped stealthily out of the flat.s he had not the means to live at home and be nursed. Ivan $mitritch started at every ring at the bell and knock at the gate. some workmen came into the house. and his books. and was agitated whenever he came upon anyone new at his landlady)s. when every day he thought of thousands of different reasons for being seriously an"ious over his freedom and honour. e could not sleep at night. a peasant shouted somewhere behind him. . it must be that there was some truth in them. -hy were they silent5 . and. It might be compared with the story of a hermit who tried to cut a dwelling-place for himself in a virgin forest. /veryone who passed by the windows or came into the yard seemed to him a spy or a detective. he thought. telling the landlady he should not come again. transferred to -ard #o. 4ery early in the morning.what a piece of evidence6 &acts and common sense persuaded him that all these terrors were nonsense and morbidity. became unbearable to him. policeman walking slowly passed by the windows0 that was not for nothing. was full of whims and fancies. seeing it was useless. . but terror told him that they were police officers disguised as workmen. e sat in the cellar all day and then all night. gave up reasoning altogether.ndrey 7efimitch)s orders. Ivan $mitritch was soon sent to the hospital. the wind whistled in his ears. . he was going from his estate near the town to the police department. flushed. ere were two men standing still and silent near the house. and when he met ac%uaintances he turned pale. ran along the street without his cap and coat.ndrey 7efimitch. the middle of the room till daybreak. and his memory began to fail him. and his landlady sent for a doctor.. Ivan $mitritch knew perfectly well that they had come to mend the stove in the kitchen. the more acute and agoni'ing his mental distress became. stole secretly like a thief back to his room. It is strange that his imagination had never at other times been so agile and inventive as now. in books in particular.t midday the chief of the police usually drove down the street with a pair of horses. before sunrise. were pulled to pieces by boys. grew sensibly fainter. <8> e was stopped and brought home. for if he could not sleep it meant that he was tormented by the stings of conscience -. was fearfully cold. have come into his mind without any grounds whatever. is official work had been distasteful to him before0 now it e was afraid they would somehow get him into trouble. smiling. then e stood in another day. but the more sensibly and logically he reasoned. or would lose other people)s money. and that he had a peculiar e"pression0 it was evident that he was in haste to announce that there was a very important criminal in the town. and went away. but he snored loudly and sighed as though in deep sleep. and after some reflection he decided that in his position the best thing to do was to hide in his landlady)s cellar. that his landlady might think he was asleep. and was there put into the ward for venereal patients. shook his head. his interest in the outer world. but Ivan $mitritch fancied every time that he was driving especially %uickly. the more 'ealously he worked with his a"e. that if one looked at the matter more broadly there was nothing really terrible in arrest and imprisonment -. on the other hand. and was soon afterwards. . #othing was talked of but these bodies and their unknown murderers. or that he would accidentally make a mistake in official papers that would appear to be fraudulent. listening without stirring. -ithin a year Ivan $mitritch was completely forgotten in the town. e could not sleep for whole nights in succession e"pecting to be arrested. . overcome by terror. $octor . and abandoned himself entirely to despair and terror. and began declaring that there was no greater crime than the murder of the weak and defenceless. and it seemed to Ivan $mitritch that the force and violence of the whole world was massed together behind his back and was chasing after him.nd agoni'ing days and nights followed for Ivan $mitritch. 1ince his gloomy thoughts of yesterday had haunted him so long. the thicker the forest grew. Ivan $mitritch walked about the streets.the bodies of an old woman and a boy bearing the traces of death by violence. prescribed cold compresses on his head and laurel drops. would put a bribe in his pocket unnoticed and then denounce him.completely convinced that he might be arrested any minute. heaped up by his landlady in a sledge in the shed. They could not. by . when he met police officers and gendarmes he smiled and began whistling so as to seem unconcerned. *ut this duplicity soon e"hausted him. indeed. of whom we shall have more to say hereafter. and waiting till dusk. $ogs raced after him barking. as one should not interfere with people who are going out of their minds. but.so long as the conscience is at ease.
. but . sleep. look out of window.8 he says with a smile.< > . . 4 . /veryone is allowed one mugful.that one can get used to -. strange rumour6 $r. It)s very beautiful. looks at it. <9> 89ongratulate me. with a blankly stupid face. ow far this is true I don)t know.ndrey 7efimitch =agin is a strange man in his way. e"cept the paralytic and the fat peasant. gluttonous.ndrey 7efimitch himself has more than once confessed that he has never had a natural . a surgeon and doctor of medicine. unclean animal who has long ago lost all powers of thought or feeling. been circulating in the hospital of late. In the morning the patients. 8I have been presented with the 1tanislav order of the second degree with the star. who has to clean up after him. *ut it is not difficult to guess his secret. but that his father. rather strange rumour has. /ven the former sorter always talks of the same orders. and walk from one corner to the other. Once every two months 1emyon :a'aritch. smiling barber. a thinnish. however. after that they drink tea out of tin mugs which #ikita brings them out of the main building. and was no more like a priest at the beginning of his medical career than he is now.I4 Ivan $mitritch)s neighbour on the left hand is. beats him terribly with all his might. not sparing his fists. . we will not describe.) That)s an order it is worth working for. . < . nor by a look in the eyes. 8That I must confess I did not e"pect. (eered at him and declared point-blank that he would disown him if he became a priest.8 3robably in no other place is life so monotonous as in this ward. his neighbour on the right hand is a peasant so rolling in fat that he is almost spherical.. They say that when he was young he was very religious. screwing up his eyes slyly.>. 1ometimes he goes to the window. the barber.t midday they have soup made out of sour cabbage and boiled grain. #o one even looks into the ward e"cept the barber. To (udge from the clear. wash in the entry at a big tab and wipe themselves with the skirts of their dressinggowns. and turning his back to his companions. but from modesty. and prepared himself for a clerical career. utterly devoid of thought. . he is overcome with confusion and snatches something off his breast. the +ew !oiseika. is a man of the artisan class who had once been a sorter in the post office. The second degree with the star is only given to foreigners.8 he often says to Ivan $mitritch. ow he cuts the patients) hair. bent for medicine or science in general.nd so every day. fair little man with a good-natured but rather sly face. 8I shall certainly get the 1wedish )3olar 1tar. and bending his head. The fifth and last inhabitant of -ard #o. as I have said already. not from fear of its being taken from him and stolen. This is a motionless. . but for some reason they want to make an e"ception for me. and that when he had finished his studies at the high school in . cheerful look in his calm and intelligent eyes. e showed no special devoutness. e has under his pillow and under his mattress something that he never shows anyone. and what a trepidation the lunatics are always thrown into by the arrival of the drunken. and what is dreadful is not his being beaten -. and has some very important and agreeable secret. stifling stench always comes from him. puts something on his breast. appears in the ward. a white cross with a black ribbon. when he finished his studies in the medical faculty he did not enter the priesthood. . if you go up to him at such a moment. 8*ut do you know what I shall attain to sooner or later58 the former sorter persists. It is rumoured that the doctor has begun to visit -ard #o. shrugging his shoulders in perple"ity..but the fact that this stupefied creature does not respond to the blows with a sound or a movement.8 8I don)t understand anything about that.8 Ivan $mitritch replies morosely. The patients are condemned to see day after day no one but #ikita. &resh faces are rarely seen in -ard #o.n acrid. and how #ikita helps him to do it. and the people who are fond of visiting lunatic asylums are few in this world. In the intervals they lie down. in the evening their supper consists of grain left from dinner. but only sways a little like a heavy barrel. The doctor has not taken in any new mental cases for a long time. #ikita. he has some pleasant idea in his mind. owever that may have been.? he intended to enter a theological academy.
and the erysipelas remained . one would think that a blow from his fist would knock the life out of anyone. (ust as manure turns into black earth. unchanged. relying on the fact that the town already had its hospital. There were only two scalpels and not one thermometer in the whole hospital. it must be because they need it. -hen . and of the old doctor. . he would turn as red as a crab and feel guilty. or accounts he knew to be cooked were brought him to sign. . . . *ut he reflected that his will alone was not enough to do this. the housekeeper. intemperate. if physical and moral impurity were driven out of one place. It seemed as though he had taken a vow never to raise his voice and never to make use of the imperative. clumsy figure.coarse like a peasant)s. since they were much worse off at home than in the hospital -. is face is surly-looking and covered with blue veins. they would only move to another. soft tenor0 8I beg your pardon68 . potatoes were kept in the baths. the housekeeper. I will go into it later. e only asked the attendants and nurses not to sleep in the wards. look as shabby and crumpled on him as his old ones. and so he always goes about in soft linen or cotton shirts. and that he kept a regular harem consisting of nurses and female patients. was absolutely beyond his powers. These disorderly proceedings were perfectly well known in the town. > -hen .they couldn)t be fed on woodcocks6 Others said in e"cuse that the town alone. but people took them calmly. when he meets anyone in a narrow passage he is always the first to stop and make way. but in a high. people declared that he secretly sold the hospital alcohol. and his walk is cautious and insinuating. and that it would be useless. but yet he would sign the accounts. his eyes are little and his nose is red. and mice. < . There was nothing on earth so good that it had not something nasty about its first origin. he would be confused and mutter guiltily0 84ery well. .A > -hen . In his opinion the most sensible thing that could be done was to let out the patients and close the hospital. suggest an overfed. One could hardly breathe for the stench in the wards. and the medical assistant robbed the patients. who could not be dissatisfied. and his coarse.nd the newly formed @emstvo did not open infirmaries either in the town or the neighbourhood.ndrey 7efimitch worked very 'ealously. the superintendent. 8 ow about tea5.ndrey 7efimitch undertook his duties he was apparently not greatly concerned about the irregularities at the hospital. or to abolish the unnecessary parasitic post altogether. e saw patients every day from morning till dinner-time. if people open a hospital and put up with having it. but to complete carelessness about his appearance.t first . . even a poor one. and were even e"aggerated. and harsh innkeeper on the highroad. was not e%ual to maintaining a good hospital. e was absolutely unable to give orders. It was difficult for him to say. his beard. bugs. The surgical wards were never free from erysipelas. one must wait for it to wither away of itself *esides. . and to say. as one would e"pect. e wears the same suit for ten years. his flat hair. not in a bass.fter looking over the hospital .ndrey 7efimitch came to the conclusion that it was an immoral institution and e"tremely pre(udicial to the health of the townspeople. superstition and all the nastiness and abominations of daily life were necessary. The superintendent. and their children slept in the wards together with the patients. . e has a little swelling on his neck which prevents him from wearing stiff starched collars. when he wanted his meals he would cough hesitatingly and say to the cook. . -ith his height and broad shoulders he has huge hands and feet. the medical assistant. his face. They complained that there was no living for beetles. without help from the @emstvo. and to insist. thank God for having one at all. and had two cupboards of instruments put up. the nurses. to forbid things. . !ost likely there is some misunderstanding.8 To dismiss the superintendent or to tell him to leave off stealing.8 or 8 ow about dinner5 . but his step is soft. . -hen the patients complained to him of being hungry or of the roughness of the nurses. . but he had no strength of will nor belief in his right to organi'e an intelligent and honest life about him.. in the passages. and the new clothes. which he usually buys at a +ewish shop. 8&etch8 or 8*ring8. but this is not due to niggardliness.is e"terior is heavy -. and in the courtyards of the hospital. since in process of time they worked out to something sensible.ndrey 7efimitch was deceived or flattered.ndrey 7efimitch loved intelligence and honesty intensely. very well.ndrey 7efimitch came to the town to take up his duties the 8institution founded to the glory of God8 was in a terrible condition.ndrey 7efimitch)s predecessor.ltogether he does not dress like a doctor. . some (ustified them on the ground that there were only peasants and working men in the hospital. < . he sees patients and dines and pays visits all in the same coat. The hospital servants.8 .
The ikon had been put up at his e"pense. the %uestion forces itself on one0 why alleviate it5 In the first place. and good assistants instead of thieves. and impressionable patients. 1ergey 1ergeyitch -.t the hospital the out-patients were sitting in the dark. then. 8because we do not pray to the merciful God as we should. that twelve thousand men were deceived. if one looked at it simply. and near it a candle-stand with a white cover on it.a fat little man with a plump. gaunt-looking patients in dressing-gowns passed. by the portraits on the walls. dressed. and after the reading 1ergey 1ergeyitch himself went through the wards with a censer and burned incense. In the corner of the consulting-room there stood a large ikon in a shrine with a heavy lamp in front of it. and. . from year to year. well-washed shaven face. but the time was short. tramping with their boots over the brick floors. so it could but lead to deception. he had long ago given up doing so. smooth manners. sour cabbage. the ne"t day forty. There were a great many patients. The nurses and the attendants.ndrey 7efimitch would sit with his cheek resting in his hand. . in which it has hitherto found not merely protection from all sorts of trouble. why hinder people dying if death is the normal and legitimate end of everyone5 -hat is gained if some shop-keeper or clerk lives an e"tra five or ten years5 If the aim of medicine is by drugs to alleviate suffering. and looking more like a senator than a medical assistant. Then he sat down in his study to read. *ut in process of time the work unmistakably wearied him by its monotony and obvious uselessness. and considered himself more proficient than the doctor. 1ergey 1ergeyitch was religious. wholesome nourishment instead of broth made of stinking.8 he would say. why. wearing a new loosely cut suit. and there was a cold draught. too. lost in thought and asking %uestions mechanically. -hen he had to open a child)s mouth in order to look at its throat. and in the second. who had no practice. . consumptive.ndrey 7efimitch rela"ed his efforts and gave up visiting the hospital every day. < . and the sight of blood upset him. On the walls hung portraits of bishops. dead bodies and vessels full of filth were carried by. narrow little corridor waiting to be seen by the doctor. and would have been entirely empty and like the life of an amoeba e"cept for suffering5 < . by the pro"imity of the pious 1ergey 1ergeyitch. . 4I is life was passed like this. since their lives had nothing of importance in them. at his instructions some one of the patients read the hymns of praise in the consulting-room on 1undays. and wreaths of dried cornflowers. while the mortality in the town did not decrease and the patients did not leave off coming. the noise in his ears made his head go round and brought tears to his eyes. because though there were principles there was no science. The ladies said of him that he was attentive and clever at diagnosing diseases. 3ushkin suffered terrible agonies before his death. If twelve thousand patients were seen in a year it meant. if mankind really learns to alleviate its sufferings with pills and drops. 1ergey 1ergeyitch sat down too. ran by them.B > 8-e suffer pain and poverty. was impossible.ndrey 7efimitch or !atryona 1avishna be ill. and motion to the woman to take the child away. it will completely abandon religion and philosophy. should not some . and to treat them according to the principles of science. e was soon wearied by the timidity of the patients and their incoherence. . but what could be done5 In the consulting-room he was met by his assistant. a view of the 1vyatogorsky !onastery. the children were crying. rubbing his hands.morrow they have increased to thirty-five. and even attended confinements.s a rule he got up at eight o)clock in the morning. especially those of women and children. wore a white tie.performed operations. such as castor-oil or volatile ointment. and to. To-day one sees thirty patients.ndrey 7efimitch never performed any operation when he was seeing patients. e would make haste to prescribe a drug. the things above all necessary were cleanliness and ventilation instead of dirt. 7es68 . and so on from day to day. and the child cried and tried to defend itself with its little hands. and liked solemnity and decorum. and by his own %uestions which he had asked over and over again for twenty years. or went to the hospital. if he were to put aside philosophy and pedantically follow the rules as other doctors did. . and drank his tea. To be any real help to forty patients between morning and dinner was not physically possible. indeed. To put those who were seriously ill into wards. but even happiness. with soft. e had an immense practice in the town. they say that suffering leads man to perfection. The rest would be seen by his assistant in his . and so the work was confined to the asking of a few brief %uestions and the administration of some drugs.? > Oppressed by such reflections.ndrey 7efimitch knew that such surroundings were torture to feverish. poor eine lay paraly'ed for several years.nd he would go away after seeing five or si" patients. and from time to time putting in his word.
then five. .8 the doctor went on %uietly and deliberately. what about dinner5 . and of the si" rooms that made up his abode three e liked best of all works on history and philosophy. is not a bit higher than that of the lower orders.ndrey 7efimitch would walk up and down his rooms with his arms folded. The clock would strike four. suggests the divinity of the latter.. .ndrey 7efimitch. but on the bai'e table-cloth.absence. !ihail . -e have books. .C > .ndrey 7efimitch sat down to the table immediately on reaching home and took up a book. were heaped up with books and old maga'ines. . my dear fellow6 I)ll be bound. manners of a well-bred man. you are getting sick of me. !ihail . would come in. < . the only man in town whose society did not bore .veryanitch liked and respected .8 . the e was good-natured and emotional. I)ll wait a little.fter his dinner -. and always with en(oyment.t three o)clock he would go cautiously to the kitchen door.ndrey 7efimitch would say. !ihail . it is true. 8#o. shake all over. of course. The doctor was always the one to begin the conversation.8 Towards the evening the postmaster. . 8Good evening. /very half. isn)t it time for you to have your beer58 she would ask an"iously.. and a loud. 8 ere I am. so we are deprived of en(oyment. > The friends would sit on the sofa in the study and for some time would smoke in silence.ndrey 7efimitch for his culture and the loftiness of his soul. but that is not at all the . and shout in a voice of thunder. 8I)ll wait a little. .8what a great pity it is that there are no people in our town who are capable of carrying on intelligent and interesting conversation. 9onse%uently the intellect is the only possible source of en(oyment. the doctor brooding and !ihail . e"pressed disagreement.8 87ou know. .a rather poor and untidily served one -. of which he always read the last pages first. or care to do so. and that no one would interrupt him. !ihail . . Ivan $mitritch had done in the past. and was forced by poverty to take a (ob in the post office late in life. and had served in the calvary. They would drink their first bottle still in silence. I agree.8 he would answer. -ith the agreeable thought that.8 < .veryanitch had once been a very rich landowner. #ear the books there always stood a decanter of vodka.veryanitch would turn crimson. 8$aryushka. 8that everything in this world is insignificant and uninteresting e"cept the higher spiritual manifestations of the human mind. Intellect draws a sharp line between the animals and man. lu"uriant grey whiskers. It is an immense privation for us. pleasant voice. . but had come to ruin. the level of their development.veryanitch. and to some e"tent even takes the place of the immortality which does not e"ist. or even began to argue. going in to . not on a plate. 8 old your tongue68 so that the post office had long en(oyed the reputation of an institution which it was terrible to visit. like a man who has something very interesting to tell. thank God. I am delighted.veryanitch with a gay and animated face. as though they were his subordinates. 8.ndrey 7efimitch. he had no private practice now. cough.8 he would say.ndrey 7efimitch. aren)t you58 8On the contrary. it)s not time yet .8 he would say %uietly and slowly. on reading for several hours without a break and without being weary. I assure you.8 said the doctor.8 83erfectly true. -e see and hear of no trace of intellect about us. what about the beer58 . 8-hat a pity.hour he would pour himself out a glass of vodka and drink it without taking his eyes off the book. Occasionally the kitchen door would creak. but slowly and with concentration. 8$aryushka. Then without looking at it he would feel for the cucumber and bite off a bit. and a salted cucumber or a pickled apple lay beside it. not looking his friend in the face Dhe never looked anyone in the faceE -. e had a hale and hearty appearance. and say. 8I am always glad to see you. but hot-tempered. e read a great deal alf his salary went on buying books. and the red and sleepy face of $aryushka would appear. often pausing over a passage which he liked or did not find intelligible. the only medical e would always go e did not read as rapidly and impulsively as publication to which he subscribed was The $octor. -hen anyone in the post office made a protest. /ven the educated class do not rise above vulgarity. thinking. he treated the other inhabitants of the town superciliously. and still he would be walking up and down thinking.
but under the influence of the ideas of the si"ties made me become a doctor. he knocks and it is not opened to him. silence would follow.F > 8/h68 !ihail . talking about intellectual people and conversation with them. how they used to lend money without an IO2.nd how we drank6 .veryanitch would sigh. .8 $aryushka would sigh. he is summoned without his choice by fortuitous circumstances from none"istence into life . why is not man immortal5 he thought. !ost likely I should have become a member of some university. oly !other. when a thinking man reaches maturity and attains to full consciousness he cannot help feeling that he is in a trap from which there is no escape. what a marvellous country6 The wife of a battalion commander. and afterwards of the night. < . . ow intelligent the educated class in =ussia used to be. with her face propped on her fist. and interesting life had been in the past. and as though there were nothing in e"istence but the books and the lamp with the green shade. what for5 e tries to find out the meaning and ob(ect of his e"istence.veryanitch would go away. alone.8 < . .8 #ot looking his friend in the face.> > 83erfectly true.s he put on his fur coat in the entry he would say with a sigh0 8-hat a wilderness fate has carried us to. .nd what desperate liberals we were68 . It was said that she had a love affair with some princeling in the native village. The stillness of the evening. you won)t die. . while talk is the singing. Oh. and have no grounds for believing it. is transient and not eternal. without a guide. intellect. -hat is . what women6 .nd he would describe how wholesome.8 83erfectly true. interrupting !ihail .also without his choice. honoured !ihail . by now I should have been in the very centre of the intellectual movement. 8#o. Oh. entertaining. he is told nothing.ndrey 7efimitch would go on. but you know why I cherish a partiality for it. . what skirmishes. Of course. a %ueer woman. or he is told absurdities. so one does not notice the trap in life when people with a bent for analysis and generali'ation meet together and pass their time in the interchange of proud and free ideas. used to put on an officer)s uniform and drive off into the mountains in the evening. 8I often dream of intellectual people and conversation with them. what comrades.nd yet I have a feeling as though I should never die. 8!y father gave me an e"cellent education. and !ihail . and it seemed as though time were standing still and brooding with the doctor over the book. . too. In that sense the intellect is the source of an en(oyment nothing can replace.veryanitch. %uietly and with pauses. 8Gueen of eaven.nd so. and what campaigns. and it was thought a disgrace not to give a helping hand to a comrade in need.nd the 9aucasus.nd how we ate6 .) 8 1oon after nine o)clock !ihail .nd you do not believe in the immortality of the soul58 he would ask suddenly.veryanitch would listen attentively and agree0 83erfectly true. I think to myself0 )Old fogey. really6 -hat)s most ve"atious of all is to have to die here. Indeed. (ust as in prison men held together by common misfortune feel more at ease when they are together.8 . death comes to him -. it is time you were dead6) *ut there is a little voice in my soul says0 )$on)t believe it. I believe if I had not obeyed him then. 8.. :ife is a ve"atious trap. though. he was musing as he sipped his beer.8 4II . I do not believe it. The doctor)s coarse peasant-like face was gradually lighted up by a smile of delight and enthusiasm over the progress of the human intellect.ndrey 7efimitch would sit down at the table and begin reading again.ndrey 7efimitch would listen without hearing..fter seeing his friend out . what adventures.8 8I must own I doubt it too. /ch6 . If you will allow me to make a not %uite apt comparison0 books are the printed score. $aryushka would come out of the kitchen and with an e"pression of blank de(ection would stand in the doorway to listen. was not broken by a single sound.veryanitch.same as living talk and converse.8 he said suddenly.8 8. and what lofty ideas it had of honour and friendship. 8To e"pect intelligence of this generation68 .
better not to think of it. -hen he was studying at the university he had fancied that medicine would soon be overtaken by the fate of alchemy and metaphysics. since in stupidity there is. and the work of @emstvo doctors6 < A< > 3sychiatry with its modern classification of mental diseases. the whole hospital rested as it had done twenty years ago on thieving. and there is no difference in reality between the best 4ienna clinic and my hospital.8 *ut depression and a feeling akin to envy prevented him from feeling indifferent. but the essential reality is not altered a bit.ndrey 7efimitch would sink back into his chair and close his eyes to think a little. and that !oiseika went about the town every day begging alms. hypnotism.H > -hen the clock struck. what of it58 . as though in mockery. in the stones. but then. 8There is the antiseptic system. they treated them with humanity.. . . e knew that at the very time when his thoughts were floating together with the cooling earth round the sun. there is 3asteur. Ordinary @emstvo doctors were venturing to perform the resection of the kneecap. . self-consciousness. and even. They get up balls and entertainments for the mad. and then for millions of years to fly with the earth round the sun with no meaning and no ob(ect5 To do that there was no need at all to draw man with his lofty.ndrey 7efimitch would ask himself. he knew very well that a magical change had taken place in medicine during the last twenty-five years. someone was being infected by erysipelas. anyway. while stone was considered such a trifle that they did not even write about it.. or moaning over too tight a bandage. . so it was stated in the papers. it must have been owing to e"haustion. perhaps the patients were playing cards with the nurses and drinking vodka. and in the end to grow cold together with the earth)s crust. the discoveries of 3asteur and of Ioch. but now when he was reading at night the science of medicine touched him and e"cited his wonder. twelve thousand people had been deceived. I am only part of an inevitable social evil0 all local officials are pernicious and receive their salary for doing nothing. what a revolution6 Thanks to the antiseptic system operations were performed such as the great 3irogov had considered impossible even in spe. so it)s all nonsense and vanity. gossip. in any other place the public and the newspapers would long ago have torn this little *astille to pieces. while in those processes there is absolutely nothing. methods of diagnosis. . scandals. in the main building beside his abode people were suffering in sickness and physical impurity0 someone perhaps could not sleep and was making war upon the insects. filth. On the other hand.nd it was the same in the present as in the past. unawares.. consciousness and will. The transmutation of substances6 *ut what cowardice to comfort oneself with that cheap substitute for immortality6 The unconscious processes that take place in nature are lower even than the stupidity of man. was a perfect /lborus in comparison with what had been in the past. there is Ioch. was fatal. They no longer poured cold water on the heads of lunatics nor put strait-waistcoats upon them. what is the good of sight. it was an immoral institution e"tremely in(urious to the health of the inhabitants. . e knew that #ikita knocked the patients about behind the barred windows of -ard #o. of abdominal operations only one per cent. I am not honest. is heavy head sank on to the book. opening his eyes.nd so for my dishonesty it is not I who am to blame. but the times. I of myself am nothing. . genius. < .nd the theory of heredity. but still they don)t let them go free. was possible only a hundred and fifty miles from a railway in a little town where the mayor and all the town council were half-illiterate tradesmen who looked upon the doctor as an oracle who must be believed without any criticism even if he had poured molten lead into their mouths. . got up balls and entertainments for them. and thought0 8I serve in a pernicious institution and receive a salary from people whom I am deceiving. . ill-health and mortality are still the same. and then. To find one)s immortality in the transmutation of substances is as strange as to prophesy a brilliant future for the case after a precious violin has been broken and become useless. if it is all destined to depart into the soil. on gross %uackery. and. hygiene based on statistics. . as before. recall his past and his present. he put his hands under his face to make it softer. . to turn him into clay. . after all..nd under the influence of the fine ideas of which he had been reading he would.ccording to the yearly return. If I had been born two hundred years later I should . and even enthusiasm. . and treatment. almost godlike intellect out of non-e"istence.ndrey 7efimitch knew that with modern tastes and views such an abomination as -ard #o. in the toad. -hat une"pected brilliance. Only the coward who has more fear of death than dignity can comfort himself with the fact that his body will in time live again in the grass.the good of the brain centres and convolutions. 8*ut. radical cure for syphilis had been discovered. speech. The past was hateful -.
lying propped on his elbow on the bed. Tell him that I asked.ndrey 7efimitch. 8The :atest 3rescriptions of the 4ienna 9linic for . e was a very young man -J-J not yet thirty -J-J tall and dark.s the doctor went in. and broke into a laugh. 8-hat for5 Thief68 he said with a look of repulsion.8 .. and shivering with cold.t last6 Gentlemen. with his eyes starting out of his head. and tell me coolly what are you angry for58 8-hat are you keeping me here for58 e trembled all over with anger. and in high boots. 7evgeny &yodoritch obotov. 8-hy. and with the treasurer. 8.t that very moment the +ew !oiseika.8 -hen it struck three he would put out his lamp and go into his bedroom. going up to him with a menacing air and convulsively wrapping himself in his dressing-gown. returning with his booty. . IK On a spring evening towards the end of !arch.8 . the doctor went out to see his friend the postmaster as far as the gate. 8 ow bad that is68 he thought. in his hand he had a little bag of coppers. but he did not introduce any new system. assistant. when there was no snow left on the ground and the starlings were singing in the hospital garden. and as to the rest. your honour.ndrey 7efimitch said mildly. and secretly envied him.8 8shut up with your . most likely you greatly e"aggerate. was invited to the town to assist . smiling guiltily. 8That +ew should be provided with boots or something. e played billiards in the evening at the club0 he did not like cards. e was very fond of using in conversation such e"pressions as 8endless bobbery. and suddenly recogni'ed the doctor.8 89ertainly. with broad cheek-Jbones and little eyes. 8Good-day. 8Iill the reptile6 #o. . being afraid of offending . if you can.patients. . moving his lips as though he would spit at him. smiling. ask him in my name. and stamped in a fren'y such as had never been seen in the ward before. and saw out. of the road. I)ll inform the superintendent. the @emstvo in a liberal mood had decided to allow three hundred roubles a year to pay for additional medical service in the town till the @emstvo hospital should be opened. the medical he called his cook. but held aloof from the other officials.have been different.8 said . I beg. made the round of the wards. < AA > 8Give me a kopeck68 he said to the doctor. gave him a ten-kopeck piece. > 4III Two years before. . he was not sleepy. 9alm yourself. This woman had a baby at the breast. looked into the ward from the entry and asked gently0 8-hat for58 8-hat for58 shouted Ivan $mitritch. I congratulate you. Ivan $mitritch. (umped up. and a plain young woman whom e made great friends with 1ergey 1ergeyitch. < A. who could never refuse anyone anything. .8 -hen he went to a patient he always took this book with him. thrust into goloshes. and in the winter wore a sheepskin. I see you are angry with me. e had only one book in his lodgings. man of large means. now at his ankles.8 8canting soft soap. 8The doctor has come68 he shouted. his forefathers had probably come from one of the many alien races of =ussia. #ikita. 8Guack6 hangman68 < A? > 89alm yourself.8 83lease do. $rown him in the midden-pit68 . suspected him of being a e would have been very glad to have his post.ndrey 7efimitch.8 e visited the hospital twice a week. ran out into the middle e had no cap on. listened in alarm to the unfamiliar voice. 8I assure you I have never stolen anything.ndrey 7efimitch. . looking at the +ew)s bare feet with their thin red ankles. . and the district doctor.nd stirred by a feeling akin both to pity and disgust. e arrived in the town without a farthing.>>. killing)s too good. with a small portmanteau. it)s wet. 7evgeny &yodoritch used to go about in a cap with a peak.8 The door into the ward was open. #ikita (umped up from his heap of litter and stood at attention. The doctor is honouring us with a visit6 9ursed reptile68 he shrieked. came into the yard. finicking. and for some reason called them aristocrats. looking now at his bald head.ndrey 7efimitch. he will catch cold. hearing this. and with a red and wrathful face. and his bare feet were e regarded his colleague as a sly old rascal.ndrey 7efimitch. The complete absence of antiseptic treatment and the cupping roused his indignation. he went into the lodge behind the +ew.
that)s true. the laws of nature will still remain the same. are immeasurably inferior to every one of us morally. grow old.8 81o long as prisons and madhouses e"ist someone must be shut up in them. why then are we shut up and you not5 -here)s the logic of it58 8!orality and logic don)t come in.8 he said. . thought.8 8*ut why. Of course. it all depends on chance.8 87es. 8I cannot. and his voice %uivered. will not change. If not I. e most likely imagined that he had opened a shop. but some people)s great-grandsons will see it. will triumph. began rapidly in a singsong voice saying something in 7iddish. went on with emotion in his voice0 8&rom behind these bars I bless you6 < AC > 8I see no particular reason to re(oice. or otherwise inconvenient people. your assistant. come. some third person. . better days will come6 I may e"press myself cheaply.8 Ivan $mitritch smiled ironically. The townspeople or the police will detain you or bring you back.8 < AB > 87es.8*ecause you are ill. Think. 8It)s awful6 *ut what am I to do. .ndrey 7efimitch liked Ivan $mitritch)s voice and his intelligent young face with its grimaces. 8. and. and there will be neither bars on the windows nor hospital gowns. and stretching his hands towards the window. but the reality of things. though he was delighted by it. The very best thing in your position would be to run away. and he sat down on his bed. that)s all. I.our turn will come6 I shall not live to see it. I shall perish.nd immortality58 8Oh. why58 8*ecause it is not in my power. friends68 -ith shining eyes Ivan $mitritch got up. and -. -ait till in the distant future prisons and madhouses no longer e"ist. who thought Ivan $mitritch)s movement theatrical.8 Ivan $mitritch brought out in a hollow voice. If anyone is shut up he has to stay. 3eople will suffer pain. bits of paper.8 said Ivan $mitritch. There is only one thing left for you0 to resign yourself to the thought that your presence here is inevitable. screwing up his eyes. there is nothing but idle chance. that is useless. now68 87ou don)t believe in it. I greet them with all my heart and re(oice. I am ill. There is neither morality nor logic in my being a doctor and your being a mental patient. as you have (ust e"pressed it. -hen society protects itself from the criminal. it is invincible. he sat down on the bed beside him.8 8It is no use to anyone. and if anyone is not shut up he can walk about. and die (ust as they do now. 1omebody in $ostoevsky or 4oltaire said that if owever magnificent a dawn lighted up your life. and little bones. If not you. unhappily. re(oice with them6 Onward6 God be your help.8 said Ivan $mitritch. that time will come sooner or later. -hy am I and these poor wretches to be shut up here like scapegoats for all the rest5 7ou.8 urrah for truth and (ustice6 I re(oice68 e longed to be kind to the young man and soothe him. 7ou would be taken up. truth and (ustice will triumph. *ut.ndrey 7efimitch. and he rubbed his forehead. you would yet in the end be nailed up in a coffin and thrown into a hole. !oiseika. 83risons and madhouses there will not be. what use will it be to you if I do let you out5 Go. you may laugh. you know. hundreds of madmen are walking about in freedom because your ignorance is incapable of distinguishing them from the sane.8 said . but you may be sure. 87ou are (esting. yes. mentally deranged. and all your hospital rabble.8 8That twaddle I don)t understand. 8:et me out. but I do. what58 . 81uch gentlemen as you and your assistant #ikita have nothing to do with the future. sir. laid out on his bed pieces of bread. *ut you know do'ens. the superintendent. still shivering with cold. and truth. but the dawn of a new life is at hand. whom #ikita did not venture to search in the presence of the doctor. and said0 87ou ask me what to do.
going back to his flat. interested in (ust the right things. tell me first about the town. and the tendency of thought that could be noticed now. I presume58 87es. leave me alone.s he crossed the entry he said0 87ou might clear up here. I love it passionately. Ivan $mitritch listened attentively and put %uestions. he is a low cad.8 8-ell said. I have the mania of persecution. -ell. young doctor called 8 e had come in my time. tell me.8 89ertainly. .8 observed .nd I firmly believe that if there is no immortality the great intellect of man will sooner or later invent it. no one to listen to. isn)t he58 87es. and complete contempt for the foolish bustle of the world -those are two blessings beyond any that man has ever known. There)s no one to say a word to. standing. and he laughed. 8-hy do you talk to me about $iogenes and some foolish comprehension of life58 he cried. but for some reason they always send us such men as I would rather not see. .8 8-ell.8 87our $iogenes was a blockhead. I want dreadfully to live. but did not complete my studies. in the town it is appallingly dull. he is a man of no culture. dreadfully68 < A. what news is there58 asked Ivan $mitritch.so there must be real people there too. 8-hat)s the matter58 asked . it is an unlucky town. there is a movement -. and when he woke ne"t morning he remembered that he had the day before made the ac%uaintance of an intelligent and interesting man.ndrey 7efimitch. $iogenes lived in a tub. and I fancy I am walking through woods or by the seashore. . I hear voices and music. . . 9ome.8 said Ivan $mitritch morosely. he kept thinking about Ivan $mitritch. there is no intellectual stagnation in our capital cities. growing suddenly angry and leaping up. . heaved a sigh. 7ou have studied somewhere. &ree and deep thinking which strives for the comprehension of life. while he was going to bed. for interests. -hy the devil do you persist58 . and then I am afraid of going mad. clutched at his head and lay down on the bed with his back to the doctor. 8I love life. In any surroundings you can find tran%uillity in yourself. . and went out. and then in general. . as though recalling something terrible. and. with his head clutched in both hands and e is capable of reasoning and is obotov has come here recently. 8In all the years I have been living here I do believe he is the first I have met with whom one can talk. its a good thing you have faith.8 sighed Ivan $mitritch.there had not been a God men would have invented him.8 said Ivan $mitritch rudely. 8:eave me alone.ndrey 7efimitch. but I have moments when I am overwhelmed by the thirst for life. and afterwards. +udging by every sign.8 8-hy so58 8I tell you. 8what)s happening58 8$o you wish to know about the town or in general58 8-ell. It)s an unlucky town68 87es.8 8-hat an agreeable young man68 thought . -ith such a belief one may live happily even shut up within walls. . 8. > e walked up and down the ward in agitation. There are no new people. smiling with pleasure. and I long so passionately for movement. The doctor got up. but suddenly. dropping his voice0 8-hen I dream I am haunted by phantoms. . K Ivan $mitritch was lying in the same position as on the previous day. your honour. you know. there)s an awfully stuffy smell.ndrey 7efimitch shrugged his shoulders. It)s strange. .8 87ou are a reflecting and a thoughtful man. .8 .nd how are things in general5 -hat are they writing in the papers and reviews58 It was by now dark in the ward.8 -hile he was reading. I have been at the university. began to describe what was being written abroad and in =ussia. . and said. a continual agoni'ing terror. .ndrey 7efimitch. .nd you can possess them even though you lived behind threefold bars. and determined to visit him again as soon as possible. #ikita . 3eople come to me. yet he was happier than all the kings of the earth. < AF > 87ou will not hear another word from me.
8 said the doctor. dismiss it. you will not get one word out of me. . he is always contented and surprised at nothing. let alone $ecember. and to have a decent doctor to cure one)s headache. but here it is not suited to the climate. man)s peace and contentment do not lie outside a man. and . I am not your friend. it)s no use your doing it here. . There are already paths in the garden. -ith whom was it I was talking of $iogenes5 -as it with you58 87es. 8let us suppose that I am treacherously trying to trap you into saying something so as to betray you to the police.the time when .ndrey 7efimitch. pain is a vivid idea of pain. is face was not visible. !arcus .ndrey 7efimitch usually walked up and down his rooms.8 8#o.fter his e"citement of the previous day he was e"hausted and listless. bright day. 87esterday we talked peacefully.8 < A> > 8. but in himself. or simply the reflecting.ndrey 7efimitch.8 87es. *ut would you be any worse off being tried and in prison than you are here5 If you are banished to a settlement. a likely idea68 said Ivan $mitritch. 8. and from his face it could be seen that he had a splitting headache. is fingers twitched. The wise man.8 he said. rubbing his red eyes as though he were (ust awake. It)s so long since I have lived like a human being. 8*ut let us suppose you are right. *ut bring him to =ussia to live0 he)d be begging to be let indoors in !ay. . 87es. snug study and this ward.8 8It would be nice now to drive in an open carriage somewhere into the country. . . 7ou would be arrested and then tried. .8 8-hat month is it5 !arch58 asked Ivan $mitritch. sitting up and looking at the doctor with irony and uneasiness. . and the pain will disappear.8 laughed the doctor. is distinguished precisely by his contempt for suffering. are you afraid of58 These words evidently had an effect on Ivan $mitritch. I do. . thoughtful man. 8It is %uite spring.his legs drawn up. It)s disgusting here6 Insufferably disgusting68 < AH > . my friend. and here I have come. 8then to come home to a warm.that is. . 8Good-day. 7ou can lie in your tub and eat oranges and olives. make an effort of will to change that idea. would it be worse than being shut up in this ward5 I imagine it would be no worse. .) That is true.8 8Is it very muddy58 8#o. It was a still.8 e)d is eyes were red.8 Ivan $mitritch articulated into the pillow.but a thinking man looks for it in himself. you had come for. e sat down %uietly. 8There is no real difference between a warm. 3robably I e"pressed myself awkwardly. but suddenly for some reason you took offence and broke off all at once. and spoke unwillingly. -hat. snug study. where it)s warm and fragrant with the scent of pomegranates.it)s all the same ---8 8Oh e"cuse me.8 said Ivan $mitritch. not very. in studies -.8 8$iogenes did not need a study or a warm habitation. 87ou can go and spy and probe somewhere else. are you58 8In the first place. . One can be insensible to cold as to every other pain. 8and in the second.8 said . I knew yesterday what . in carriages. 87ou are not asleep. be doubled up with the cold.8 81trange. or even sent to penal servitude. and $aryushka asked whether it was not time for his beer. with me yesterday.8 said . your efforts are useless. the end of !arch. it)s hot there without. spy or a doctor who has been charged to test me -. or perhaps gave utterance to some idea which did not fit in with your convictions.urelius says0 ). . .8 muttered .ndrey 7efimitch in confusion. as you see.8 8-hat do you mean58 8The ordinary man looks for good and evil in e"ternal things -.8 87ou should go and preach that philosophy in Greece. . . then. 81o you suppose me to be a spy58 87es. cease to complain. . . what a %ueer fellow you are really68 The doctor sat down on the stool near the bed and shook his head reproachfully. . 8I came out for a walk after dinner. strange fancy. It was between four and five in the afternoon -.
since the whole e"istence of man is made up of the sensations of hunger. 8-hat was I saying5 Oh. It had a success only with the minority which spends its life in savouring all sorts of theories and ruminating over them. . were you ever thrashed in your childhood58 8#o. . but prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane that this cup might pass .nd I do6 To pain I respond with tears and outcries. stopped. and a contempt for suffering and death. Ivan $mitritch laughed and sat down.8 < ?< > 89omprehension . my parents had an aversion for corporal punishment.8 e did not have recalled something else. that is (ust what is called life. were remarkable people. 7ou grew up under your father)s wing and studied at his e"pense. being sorrowful and moved to wrath. 8and I don)t understand anything about it. One must strive for the comprehension of life. and in that is true happiness. to cease to live. and to be surprised at nothing. I am not a sage or a philosopher. since I suffer and am discontented and surprised at the baseness of mankind. 7ou must e"cuse me. ere in prison I have forgotten everything I have learned. one may hate it.and Ivan $mitritch pointed to the peasant who was a mass of fat -.8 8!y father used to flog me cruelly. 7es. or else I could e did not go to meet is sufferings with a smile. one must reach this condition8 -. . but one cannot despise it. and then you dropped at once into a sinecure. in(ury. smiling. 8I meant to say something important. to be always contented. 8/"ternal. even overcome by misery.8 8The 1toics. doctrine which advocates indifference to wealth and to the comforts of life. since.llow me to ask you. to filth with loathing. the doctrine of the 1toics can never have a future. and service all provided. sickly Government clerk with a long nose and a yellow neck. . so. and a amlet-like dread of death. and not know such trifles6 To despise suffering. and so you have tried to arrange your life so that nothing should disturb you or make you despise death. your reasoning is e"cellent.8 < ?. for instance0 9hrist responded to reality by weeping. yes. and so on.) contempt for suffering. since that ma(ority has never known wealth or the comforts of life. . even to do nothing.8 8#o.8I only know that God has created me of warm blood and nerves. no one has scared you nor beaten you. my father was a harsh. internal. The whole of life lies in these sensations.re you a sage5 . you are as strong as a bull.8 87ou are wrong in that. and rubbed his forehead with ve"ation. and the higher it is. the capacity of responding to stimulus. indeed6 If organic tissue is capable of life it must react to every stimulus. im by. Take 9hrist. but their doctrine crystalli'ed two thousand years ago and has not advanced. the less sensitive it is. and to despise suffering would mean to it despising life itself.8Then I am an idiot. and had the right to work how you pleased and as much as you pleased. but I have lost it. &or more than twenty years you have lived rent free with heating. philosopher58 8#o.8 he said. I am not a philosopher. one may be oppressed by it. you see. #o one has laid a finger on you all your life. yes6 This is what I mean0 one of the 1toics sold himself into slavery to redeem his neighbour. since it is not practical or living. 8Granted that a man)s peace and contentment lie not outside but in himself.8 he said. for such a generous act as the destruction of oneself for the sake of one)s neighbour. ave you ever suffered5 ave you any idea of suffering5 . I am not capable of reasoning. but I don t understand it. but everyone ought to preach it because it is reasonable. . is %uite unintelligible to the vast ma(ority of men. even a 1toic did react to stimulus.8or to harden oneself by suffering to such a point that one loses all sensibility to it -.8 Ivan $mitritch continued with irritation. yet on what ground do you preach the theory5 .8 repeated Ivan $mitritch frowning. from the beginning of time up to to-day you see continually increasing the struggle. to baseness with indignation. The lower the organism. in other words. . 8granted that one must despise suffering and not be surprised at anything. /"cuse me.8 8On the contrary. so. To my mind. lighting. doctor. I want to know how it is that you consider yourself competent to (udge of )comprehension. getting up and looking angrily at the doctor -. and the more feebly it reacts to stimulus. the sensibility to pain. I only know. > Ivan $mitritch suddenly lost the thread of his thoughts. the more responsively and vigorously it reacts to reality. ow is it you don)t know that5 . I repeat. if you will reflect more on the sub(ect you will understand how insignificant is all that e"ternal world that agitates us. whom you are parodying. *ut let us talk of you. cold.that is. the ma(ority did not understand it.8 he said. an inch forward. la'y man. 7ou were naturally a flabby. and will not advance. he must have had a soul capable of pity and indignation.
and if you knew he could do it with impunity. #o one -neither 1ergey 1ergevitch.8 said . I)ve listened to you. but that is very good and reasonable. 1oon it was all over the hospital that the doctor. -hy interfere5 :et him beat her.could conceive why he went there. in fact. and now you must graciously listen to me. . had taken to visiting -ard #o. and are only theoretically ac%uainted with reality. he who beats in(ures by his blows.ndrey 7efimitch. -ell.that)s the philosophy that suits the =ussian sluggard best. and sometimes was even late for dinner. and if you don)t drink you die.. and apparently made a deep impression on . *ut afterwards he got used to him. there he was told that the old doctor had gone to see the mental patients. for suffering and for death. To get drunk is stupid and unseemly. I dare say6 -ell. . sir. and $aryushka was greatly perturbed. and why he did not write prescriptions. and your conscience is clear. #o. not the person he is beating. and. suspected him of evil designs. and with regret that the other refused to understand him. save money. < ?? > 8-e shall never agree. nor the nurses -. left to rot. and8 DIvan $mitritch looked at the doctor)s red noseE 8with boo'ing. read. and you feel you are wise.ndrey 7efimitch about something. but you have got the answer ready0 strive for )comprehension) or for true happiness. amuse yourself with reflections. peasant woman comes with toothache .$r. but have only like a leech fed beside the sufferings of others. but himself. it)s not thinking.ndrey 7efimitch. It)s not for you to teach me. and the sketch of my character you have (ust drawn is simply brilliant. . tortured. what he was talking about. 8. drowsy stupefaction. true happiness -. go away. my friend. what of it5 3ain is the idea of pain. . e began going to the ward every day.8 8That)s original. . . 8you despise suffering. I tell you frankly.8 cried Ivan $mitritch. . and his abrupt manner changed to one of condescending irony. with all sorts of lofty nonsense. but la'iness. 7ou can do nothing. nor #ikita. . then you would understand what it means to put people off with comprehension and true happiness. Going into the lodge and stopping in the entry. and openly e"pressed his hostility. of course. don)t hinder me from thinking and drinking vodka.8 KI The conversation went on for about an hour longer.t first Ivan $mitritch held aloof from him. but if you drink you die. with a gentle smile. or supposing some fool or bully took advantage of his position and rank to insult you in public. you despise suffering and are surprised at nothing for a very simple reason0 vanity of vanities. obotov went to see .) . anyone else would think before answering.veryanitch did not find him at home. young man asks advice. -e are kept here behind barred windows.move. 8you are utterly ignorant of reality. I consider myself superior to you and more competent in every respect. how he is to live. why he stayed there for hours together. well. he proceeded to look for him in the yard. snug study. comprehension. 7ou have handed over your work to the assistant and the rest of the rabble while you sit in peace and warmth. Often !ihail . e went there in the mornings and after dinner. and so.ndrey 7efimitch.8 8I have absolutely no ambition to convert you to my faith. and often the dusk of evening found him in conversation with Ivan $mitritch. it is not philosophy. 8I am agreeably struck by your inclination for drawing generali'ations.it was at the end of +une -. . #ot finding obotov heard the following conversation0 him at home. fakirism. but I)ll be bound if you pinch your finger in the door you will howl at the top of your voice.ndrey 7efimitch.8 said . anyway. getting angry again. woman. and you will not succeed in converting me to your faith. and you have never known suffering.nd what is that fantastic )true happiness)5 There)s no answer. and besides )there is no living in this world without illness. 7ou see a peasant beating his wife. I must confess that talking to you gives me great pleasure. you know absolutely nothing of it. &or that reason. convenient philosophy. you have seen nothing of life. it)s not breadth of vision. what he is to do.8 said . they will both die sooner or later. what matters is not that you have . 8Oh. for the doctor drank his beer now at no definite time. laughing with pleasure and rubbing his hands. 7es. for instance. contempt for life. One day -.ndrey 7efimitch gently.nd perhaps I shouldn)t howl.8 Ivan $mitritch was saying irritably. .nd that is not what matters. the e"ternal and the internal. because there is no difference at all between this ward and a warm. . while I have been in continual suffering from the day of my birth till to-day. is actions seemed strange. besides.8 < ?A > 8. which had never happened in the past. we shall all die. if you had a stroke of paralysis.
we see in each other people who are capable of thinking and reasoning. obotov went to the lodge. The postmaster no longer said. who also advised him to give up spirituous li%uors.ugust . *oth stood in the entry and listened. scrupulously avoiding the puddles that he might not muddy his polished boots. ineptitude. . and glanced at #ikita. and a plump.suffered and I have not. grinned. telling him first about the commanding officer of his battalion. lived at a pedigree stud-farm . This doctor. and then about the priest of the regiment. 8I must own.8 < ?B > KII . . the superintendent of the district school. twitching. and was now on a visit to the town. It was built in the forties. 8If the corner lodge.8 .ndrey 7efimitch began to notice a mysterious air in all around him. never mind them. and for no apparent reason recommended him to take bromide.ndrey 7efimitch after they had all greeted one another and sat down to the table. then68 the member of the town council said briskly.of course it can be transferred. The madman was grimacing.haired doctor. addressing . Ivan $mitritch in his night-cap and the doctor . 8 ere 7evgeny &yodoritch says that there is not room for the dispensary in the main building. yes. 83erfectly true. 87es. but on giving up drinking completely regained their health. and that is a common bond between us however different our views.ndrey 7efimitch was visited by his colleague obotov. a capital fellow.8 < ?C > 87es. and the patients looked at him in%uisitively when they met him. a member of the town council.ndrey 7efimitch went on in a low voice. and I en(oyed your company.n unproductive e"penditure68 /veryone was silent for a space. but in unaccountable confusion muttered. the nurses. and his face was red and look helpless and sorrowful. That)s of no conse%uence -.ndrey 7efimitch found there the military commander. but things were different then. accompanied by the assistant. both of whom drank and fell ill. how sick I am of the universal senselessness. On arriving at the town hall at the time fi"ed. for some reason ran away from him now when he went up with a smile to stroke her on the head. and he also laughed. I have been e"pecting it for a long time. and convulsively wrapping himself in his gown. yes .8 obotov opened the door an inch and glanced into the ward. obotov as he came out of the lodge. but as a man of delicate feeling he did not say this directly. for some reason he took to advising his friend to give up vodka and beer.fter this . stupidity. 8I have already had the honour of submitting to you that the medical department should be transferred to the supervision of the @emstvo.ndrey 7efimitch were sitting side by side on the bed. and with what delight I always talk with you6 7ou are an intelligent man. 8I had the honour of submitting to you ten years ago. The superintendent)s little daughter !asha.8 said the member of the town council. 8that the hospital in its present form is a lu"ury for the town beyond its means. +oy and suffering are passing.ndrey 7efimitch got a letter from the mayor of the town asking him to come on very important business. I believe with a different system two model hospitals might be maintained for the same money. let us leave them. In . . -hat matters is that you and I think. with a 3olish surname difficult to pronounce.8 and looked at him with a grieved and thoughtful e"pression. and that it ought to be transferred to one of the lodges. . obotov shrugged his shoulders. #e"t day 8I fancy our old man has gone clean off his chump68 said 8:ord have mercy upon us sinners68 sighed the decorous 1ergey 1ergeyitch. On two or three occasions . were fitted up as a dispensary. I imagine it would cost at least five hundred roubles.8 8-ell.8 said . it would have to be done up. twenty miles away. 8That)s what it always comes to. an e"cellent man. let us have a different system. my friend. obotov.8 as he listened to him. fair gentleman who was introduced to him as a doctor. transfer the money to the @emstvo and they will steal it.8 the member of the council assented. whom he liked to meet in the hospital garden. but the point is that the lodge wants doing up. #ikita shrugged his shoulders too. The attendants. 8There)s something that concerns you. but hinted it. honoured 7evgeny &yodoritch. for instance.8 87es.8 laughed the fair. The town spends too much on unnecessary buildings and superfluous staff. and then whispered together. If you knew. while the doctor sat motionless with bowed head.ndrey 7efimitch after a moment)s thought.
took him by both hands. . The military commander. to break abruptly through the routine of life.ndrey 7efimitch turned rather red and said0 87es.8 . #o theatre.8 8I feel perfectly well. he went on. and at the last dance at the club there had been about twenty ladies and only two gentlemen. 8why. my dear fellow. 7ou would be dull with fellows like us.ndrey 7efimitch)s hand across the table and said0 87ou have %uite forgotten us. let us go together6 :et us go for a (aunt as in the good old days. . remembering how these doctors had (ust e"amined him. The rules of their profession compel the doctors to conceal the truth from you. The postmaster went up to him without waiting to greet him.ndrey 7efimitch began saying what a pity.the idea for the first minute struck him as wild and fantastic. their hearts.ndrey 7efimitch looked with apathetic.8 he thought.nd for the first time in his life he felt insulted and moved to anger. $r.nd preventing .ndrey 7efimitch from speaking.8 They asked him no other %uestions. without his books. and their minds on cards and gossip. In response to the last %uestion . everyone about you has been noticing it for a long time. 8!y God. but it is the truth. doctor. the military commander laid a hand on his shoulder and said with a sigh0 8It)s time for us old fellows to rest68 . all the rest was low and petty.ndrey 7efimitch. but he remembered the conversation at the @emstvo committee and the depressing feelings with which he had returned home. 1how that you are a friend to me. and for some reason. . and said in an agitated voice0 8!y dear fellow. and should have neither the power nor the inclination to spend their time in interesting conversation and reading. 3erfectly true6 /"cellent6 In a day or two I am taking a holiday and am going away for a sniff of a different atmosphere.8 They all began saying how boring it was for a decent person to live in such a town. lustreless eyes at the fair-haired doctor and said0 8One should be (ust. Tea was brought in.ndrey 7efimitch understood that it had been a committee appointed to en%uire into his mental condition. > #ot looking at anyone and speaking slowly in a low voice. 7evgeny &yodoritch has (ust told me that it is essential for you to rest and distract your mind for the sake of your health. attentively and suddenly asked0 8. . what a terrible pity it was that the townspeople should waste their vital energy. 7ou are not well6 /"cuse me.. but I blurt out the plain truth like a soldier.ndrey 7efimitch after a moment)s thought. -hen he was putting on his overcoat in the entry. .ndrey 7efimitch what was the day of the week. The young men did not dance. In the evening of the same day !ihail . began asking .8 said . the fair-haired doctor and he. and whether it was true that there was a remarkable prophet living in -ard #o. The mind alone was interesting and worthy of attention.s he came out of the hall. established for twenty years -. but he is an interesting young man. growing e"cited0 8I love you for your culture and nobility of soul. touched . what day of the month is it58 aving received an answer. they have only lately been hearing lectures on mental pathology.gain there was silence. and the thought of a brief absence from the town in which stupid people looked on him as a madman was obotov listened to his colleague . *ut of course you are a hermit0 you don)t play cards and don)t like women. < ?. . in the tone of e"aminers conscious of their lack of skill. he is mentally deranged. for some reason much embarrassed. :isten to me. felt bitterly grieved for medical science. e recalled the %uestions that had been asked him. 8I can)t go away. and should refuse to take advantage of the en(oyments of the mind. show me that you believe in my genuine affection and look on me as your friend68 .llow me to show you my friendship in some other way. without his $aryushka.8 To go off with no ob(ect. without his beer. my dear friend. but spent all the time crowding round the refreshment bar or playing cards. they had passed an e"amination -. how many days there were in the year.veryanitch came to see him..what)s the e"planation of this crass ignorance5 They have not a conception of mental pathology68 < ?F > . flushed crimson. no music. my dear fellow. for the first time in his life.
he did not hesitate to appear before a maidservant in nothing but his underclothes.veryanitch soon made friends with everyone.ndrey 7efimitch. and %uivering all over would shout0 8 old your tongue6 $on)t argue68 . !ihail . alf the passengers were decent people.8 .veryanitch would turn crimson. my dear fellow68 KIII . now. the way things were done was dreadful. They dined at Tyestov)s. kept saying loudly that they ought not to travel by these appalling lines. !ihail . that his companion was a man who had flung away all that was good and kept only what was bad of all the characteristics of a country gentleman that he had once possessed. describing his campaigns in the 9aucasus and in 3oland. shedding tears and bowing down to the earth. but he had all the while one feeling0 annoyance with e got e"cited.nd where precisely do you intend to go58 he asked.nd in the carriage he talked without ceasing for a moment. and so will leave no one in peace58 In !oscow !ihail . e prayed fervently.veryanitch led his friend to the Iversky !adonna. and would not let others speak. send in his resignation -. . Iiss the ikon. The days were cool and bright. or the drivers were slow in harnessing the horses. and stayed two nights on the way. This endless chatter to the accompaniment of loud laughter .ndrey 7efimitch.veryanitch looked a long time at the menu. In the train they travelled. week later it was suggested to . looked at things. This. even old men.ndrey 7efimitch was embarrassed and he kissed the image. heaved a deep sigh and said0 8/ven though one does not believe it makes one somehow easier when one prays a little. !oreover.ndrey 7efimitch that he should have a rest -. to 3etersburg. or this egoist who thinks that he is cleverer and more interesting than anyone here. and even touched them with their fingers. was like a gentleman. -hat adventures he had had. I spent the five happiest years of my life in -arsaw. my dear fellow. . and when he was angry called them fools and blockheads. and again tears came into his eyes. and he would see them and shout to the waiter to give him the matches.ndrey 7efimitch)s face and laughed into his ear.pleasant to him. while !ihail . This bothered the doctor and prevented him from thinking or concentrating his mind. and a week later still. third-class in a non-smoking compartment. altogether. talked loudly.ndrey 7efimitch thought. e wore a military cap and overcoat in the street. 8. and e"pressive gestures wearied . It seemed to . and when he had finished. < ?H > 8-hich of us is the madman58 he thought with ve"ation. from motives of economy. !ihail . as he talked he breathed in . what meetings6 e talked loudly and opened his eyes so wide with wonder that he might well be thought to be lying. . -hat a marvellous town6 :et us go. They were two days driving the hundred and fifty miles to the railway station. admired the view over the river. to -arsaw. but disgusting. Then they went to the Iremlin and looked there at the Tsarcannon and the Tsar-bell. who try not to disturb my fellow-passengers in any way.that is. The matches would be lying before him on the table.nd our bad harvests were due to the draining of the 3insk marshes. he used the familiar mode of address to all footmen indiscriminately.veryanitch pursed up his lips and prayed in a whisper. and said in the tone of a gourmand accustomed to dine in restaurants0 < B< > 8-e shall see what you give us to eat to-day. It was a regular swindle6 . and soldiers saluted him. < ?> > 8To !oscow. -hen at the posting station the glasses given them for their tea had not been properly washed. .a suggestion he received with indifference. visited 1t. 8I. stroking his whiskers. 1aviour)s and the =umyantsev museum. angel68 KI4 The doctor walked about. . with a blue sky and a transparent distance. &irst of all !ihail . ate and drank. and moving from one seat to another. !ihail . very different thing riding on a good horse0 one could do over seventy miles a day and feel fresh and well after it.veryanitch put on a military coat without epaulettes and trousers with red braid on them.veryanitch and he were sitting in a posting carriage driving to the nearest railway station. e liked to be waited on even when it was %uite unnecessary.
e longed to have a rest from his friend.!ihail . for he was run off his legs already. healthy. 8nothing could be worse than this friendly supervision.ndrey 7efimitch endured it. to get away from him. The fallen angel betrayed God probably because he longed for solitude. and said0 8!y honour is saved. 8It)s a marvellous town.ndrey 7efimitch declared himself ill and would not leave the hotel room.veryanitch. . to hide himself. angry at his own pettiness. and after dinner he went out for a walk. :et us go. and that it was impossible to (udge of a horse)s %uality by its outward appearance.veryanitch. listened to his friend. of which the angels know nothing. he has taken a holiday and come with me out of friendship. and to provide him with as many distractions as possible. with a red face and tousled hair. lend me five hundred roubles68 . what should I go there for58 said . who grew every day more talkative and more free-and-easy. but lay on the sofa. but on the third he announced to his friend that he was ill and wanted to stay at home for the whole day.veryanitch was all haste to get to -arsaw. heaved a loud sigh. I have played and lost. 8It)s of no conse%uence. but lay on the sofa and only got up to drink beer. 87ou go alone and let me get home6 I entreat you68 8On no account.ustrian spies68 . The doctor began to have a bu''ing in his ears and palpitations of the heart. !ihail . &or a long time he walked up and down the rooms muttering something to himself. with his face to the back.8 thought the doctor with ve"ation. 1coundrels6 .8 protested !ihail . I do not care to remain another hour in this accursed town.ndrey 7efimitch counted out five hundred roubles and gave them to his friend without a word. though. . and clenching his teeth.ndrey 7efimitch abandoned himself to a feeling of relief. went about the town from morning to night. put on his cap.8 he added. . 8This is what I get from the real life Ivan $mitritch talked about. with his friend. but out of delicacy could not bring himself to beg his friend to go away or hold his tongue. &ortunately !ihail . and suffered agonies of weariness when his friend entertained him with conversation. and much against his inclination went to -arsaw. still crimson with shame and anger. I suppose he is good-natured and generous and a lively fellow. he could not succeed in attuning his thoughts to a serious and lofty level.8 he thought. but he is a bore. I shall go home. In the same way there are people who never say anything but what is clever and good. but he could not get !ihail . and everything will go on as before. =eturning two hours later he flopped into an easy-chair. . .8 < B. honour before everything6 . and full of spirits as usual. and went out. and with the waiters.8 It was the same thing in 3etersburg too.8 . that there were a great many scoundrels in !oscow. out of generosity. . and with his friend. looking for his old ac%uaintances. . 8you may despise me. 8-hy.veryanitch. 1everal times he did not return home at night. who obstinately refused to understand =ussian.veryanitch out of his head. &or two days .that really he needed rest. for whole days together he did not leave the hotel room. who assured him with heat that sooner or later &rance would certainly thrash Germany. . .fter walking up and down a little longer he clutched his head in both hands and pronounced in a tragic voice0 87es. my friend. > &or the following days .ccursed be the moment when the idea first entered my head to visit this *abylon6 !y dear friend. 8!y dear man.n insufferable bore. he lay with his face to the back of the sofa. while the friend thought it was his duty not to let the doctor move a step away from him. incoherently articulated some useless vow.8 . addressing the doctor. ow pleasant to lie motionless on the sofa and to know that one is alone in the room6 =eal happiness is impossible without solitude.ndrey 7efimitch had not the strength of will to insist on his own way.ndrey 7efimitch wanted to think about what he had seen and heard during the last few days.veryanitch grew weary of sitting in the hotel room. his friend replied that in that case he would stay too -. The latter. or rested when his friend was absent. yet one feels that they are dull-witted people. while !ihail . furious with himself. -hen there was nothing to look at he entertained him with conversation.ndrey 7efimitch lay on the sofa.fter one night spent in some unknown haunt he returned home early in the morning. . .s soon as he was alone . in a violently e"cited condition. There he did not leave the hotel room. hearty. e was ve"ed with himself for having come.ndrey 7efimitch in an imploring voice. then stopped and said0 < BA > 8 onour before everything.
he was still living in his old lodgings. . reading e"hausted him. tedious work seemed to him more interesting than reading. tedious work lulled his thoughts to sleep in some unaccountable way.ndrey 7efimitch was taking leave of him and wishing him good-night. and the doctor would be moved by pity to take the crying children into his room and let them lie on his floor. $r. but. In old days .ndrey 7efimitch)s post. 8!y friend. that he had nothing to live on he was for some reason suddenly moved to tears and embraced his friend. The doctor lived in two of them which looked into the street. orders. 8e"cuse an indiscreet %uestion0 what means have you at your disposal58 . On the very first day he arrived . peeling potatoes with $aryushka or picking over the buckwheat grain. /ven sitting in the kitchen. not for moral %ualities or . 8I mean. without a word.8 !ihail . /ither because the books were old. .nd .veryanitch brought out in confusion. but now from dinner-time till evening tea he lay on the sofa with his face to the back and gave himself up to trivial thoughts which he could not struggle against. e longed to go. they all felt very uncomfortable. what have you to live on58 < B? > 8I tell you.8 the postmaster said to him timidly. 1tanding near the wall and half closing his eyes. waiting for . yet he suspected that he had accumulated a fortune of at least twenty thousand. -hen he arrived and established himself in the kitchen and demanded vodka. e got up as before at eight o)clock.8 !ihail . and the time passed %uickly while he thought of nothing. all who are in the 1ervice get a pension without distinction whether they are honest or not. The monotonous. and as he went out of the church afterwards he regretted that the service was so soon over. obotov had . would come for the night.veryanitch looked upon the doctor as an honourable man. I have nothing else. misunderstanding him.8 8I don)t mean that. and after his morning tea sat down to read his old books and maga'ines0 he had no money for new ones. and declared. The plain woman whom he called his cook was already established in one of the lodges. of his mother.ndrey 7efimitch did not know now whether to go to him for the third time or not. *ut on both occasions Ivan $mitritch was unusually e"cited and ill-humoured. then. and did not grip his attention as before.ndrey 7efimitch used to walk about his rooms and think in the interval after dinner. seemed to him interesting. eighty-si" roubles . 1urely they would not refuse him even that5 On both occasions when . That he might not spend his time in idleness he made a detailed catalogue of his books and gummed little labels on their backs. while $aryushka and the landlady with her three children lived in the third room and the kitchen. #ow learning that .ndrey 7efimitch was a beggar. e was mortified that after more than twenty years of service he had been given neither a pension nor any assistance. he felt calm and melancholy. e went twice to the hospital to talk to Ivan $mitritch. he bade the doctor leave him in peace. There were only three rooms besides the kitchen in the little house. he asked from the damned scoundrels only one favour -. It was said that the plain woman had %uarrelled with the superintendent. of the religions of the world. On 1aturdays and 1undays he went to church.ndrey 7efimitch.*y the time the friends were back in their own town it was #ovember. 9ontemporary (ustice lies precisely in the bestowal of grades. and this gave him great satisfaction. and pensions. a drunken peasant who was rowdy and reduced the children and $aryushka to terror. as he had long been sick of empty chatter. K4 . of the university.ndrey 7efimitch to arrive and clear out of the hospital apartments.ndrey 7efimitch now lodged in a little house with three windows. 1ometimes the landlady)s lover.ndrey 7efimitch had to look out for lodgings. and this mechanical. It is true that he had not done his work honestly. counted out his money and said0 8/ighty-si" roubles. to make up for all his sufferings. or perhaps because of the change in his surroundings. &resh scandals about the hospital were going the round of the town. he answered rudely and said0 < BB > 8Go to hell68 .solitary confinement. he listened to the singing and thought of his father. and deep snow was lying in the streets. and that the latter had crawled on his knees before her begging forgiveness.
veryanitch came after dinner when . my dear man. and told lies to the landlady. and that. < BC > In his presence . .capacities. ow useful obotov thought it his duty to look in on his sick colleague from time to time. and was overwhelmed by shame.would pass away and not even a burdock would grow out of them. my dear fellow. don)t obotov. . you look (olly. and began assuring him that he was looking very well to-day. dear colleague. and from this it might be concluded that he looked on his friend)s condition as hopeless.veryanitch cheerfully. and he even heard the shamefaced whisper0 8The -arsaw debt. -hy was he alone to be an e"ception5 all.ndrey 7efimitch got up heavily and sat down. $on)t go piling it on68 8-e)ll show what we can do. e was angry with himself for having wasted on travelling the thousand roubles he had saved up. If one imagined some spirit flying by the earthly globe in space in a million years he would see nothing but clay and bare rocks. you are sick of this arms on the sofa. we)ll marry you. when obotov in his high top-boots or !ihail . and so tried to laugh louder and talk more amusingly. his heart began beating violently. I will repay it in a day or two. would all sooner or later perish without leaving any trace on the world.veryanitch gave a sly wink. 8It)s all right. 8-e)ll marry you. and we will ride all over it on horseback -.nd we shall recover. $aryushka sold old clothes and books on the sly. and thought that he really was treating him.8 began !ihail . of what conse%uence was the insignificant friendship of !ihail . we shall be off to the 9aucasus. obotov or the wearisome . !ihail .ndrey 7efimitch and himself. saying that the doctor was (ust going to receive a large sum of money. and were an agony both to . > 8#ot a hundred years. e was ashamed to pass by the shop and look at the woman who owned it.his well-fed face and vulgar. /very time he went in to . . /verything -.8 K4I One day !ihail . There was money owing to the landlady also. endless now.8 said bobbery. e had not yet repaid his -arsaw debt.trot. leaning both 87ou have a much better colour to-day than you had yesterday. 8-e shall live another hundred years6 To be sure68 < B. *ut such reflections did not help him now. you do68 8It)s high time you were well.veryanitch with his forced laugh would appear from behind a bare rock. 8$on)t you understand that you are talking vulgar nonsense58 obotov said reassuringly.8 he said. . thought it his duty to visit his friend and entertain him.ndrey 7efimitch. .culture and the moral law -. . e had no money at e owed thirty-two roubles for beer already.ndrey 7efimitch felt suddenly that the rising disgust had mounted to his throat. 87es. . To stifle petty thoughts he made haste to reflect that he himself. colleague. my dear boy. too.8 lose heart. . Of what conse%uence was shame in the presence of a shopkeeper.8 said !ihail . . the most revolting thing was that he thought it was his duty to treat . all right.8 !ihail .veryanitch. but for service whatever it may have been like. and his use of the word 8colleague.nd when we are back from the 9aucasus I shouldn)t wonder if we will all dance at the wedding. and obotov.veryanitch. 1carcely had he imagined the earthly globe in a million years. . but another twenty. thank God.8 and his high topboots. . . and !ihail . trot6 .8 .8 laughed !ihail . his soul was oppressed with rankling disgust.8 8. 8-e)ll show them yet6 #e"t summer. without fail. .veryanitch. and he slapped his friend on the knee.veryanitch5 It was all trivial and nonsensical.veryanitch. please God. It so happened that obotov arrived at the same time with his bromide. 8I)ll be bound. 2pon my soul. yawning.ndrey 7efimitch -.ndrey 7efimitch was lying on the sofa. getting up %uickly and walking away to the window. and listened with his teeth clenched.ndrey 7efimitch usually lay on the sofa with his face to the wall. /verything about him was revolting to . On every visit he brought a bottle of bromide and rhubarb pills. that thousand roubles would have been now6 e was ve"ed that people would not leave him in peace.ndrey 7efimitch with an affectation of ease. and after every visit from his friend he felt as though this disgust had risen higher. laughed constrainedly. he was on the highroad to recovery. and was mounting into his throat. 8That)s vulgar. trot. condescending tone. is anecdotes and descriptions seemed he was constrained.
don)t believe it68 he whispered. Illness is no (oke. listen to our advice0 go into the hospital6 There you will have wholesome food and attendance and treatment. . said with a sigh.e meant to go on softly and politely. laying his hand on his heart. !y dear friend. stupid man6 4ulgar6 #asty68 obotov and !ihail . 8Go away.8 he went on. both68 .veryanitch must be feeling fearfully ashamed and depressed now.veryanitch. . and went on for a long while repeating0 81tupid people6 &oolish people68 < BF > -hen he was calmer. I beg you. 8sit down. #othing like this had ever happened to him before. but against his will he suddenly clenched his fists and raised them above his head.8 he suddenly shouted so loud that all the postmen and other persons present started. 8There are few men who at the end of e has promised me he will . 8hand a chair. and we had a long talk about you afterwards. running out into the passage. 8To the devil68 -hen his guests were gone .ndrey 7efimitch lay down on the sofa. < B> > 8!y honoured friend. no one to look after you. !y dear friend.8 89ertainly I will give you my word. I understand. .ndrey 7efimitch went on shouting. . .8 8Give me your word. and he is mad. !y illness is only that in twenty years I have only found one intelligent man in the whole town. my dear fellow. /"cuse me speaking openly as a friend. 81tupid people6 &oolish people6 I don)t want either your friendship or your medicines. it)s simply that I have got into an enchanted circle which there is no getting out of. *ut I repeat.8 !ihail .veryanitch. .ndrey 7efimitch.8 &or a minute he stroked his knees in silence. no money for proper treatment. and I have the manliness to recogni'e it.ndrey 7efimitch was touched by the postmaster)s genuine sympathy and the tears which suddenly glittered on his cheeks. affectionately addressing . I have got into an enchanted circle. I am ready for anything.ndrey 7efimitch snatched up the bottle of bromide and flung it after them. warmly pressing his hand. and you wait. the doctor and I implore you with all our hearts. both of you68 !ihail . 7our attack frightened the doctor and me yesterday. look after you. 8-e won)t think again of what has happened. in a crowd. between ourselves. and then said0 8I have never had a thought of taking offence. in uncleanliness. and at ten o)clock ne"t morning he went to the post office and apologi'ed to the postmaster.8 8I don)t care if it were into the pit. even the genuine sympathy of my friends. leads to the same thing -to my ruin. that you will obey 7evgeny &yodoritch in everything. 8don)t believe them. yet he does understand his work. 8:et bygones be bygones.8 whispered !ihail . the bottle broke with a crash on the doorframe. greatly touched. and that it was all dreadful. . . blushing crimson and shaking all over. my dear fellow. 8Go to the devil68 he shouted in a tearful voice. you will recover. why won)t you treat your illness seriously5 7ou can)t go on like this. 87ou live in the most unfavourable surroundings. my dear man. with irritation. looking at each other in bewilderment.8 8!y dear fellow. I am going to my ruin.8 8Go into the hospital.veryanitch. 8$on)t you see that I am busy5 -e will not remember the past. 8Go away. Though. you can fully rely upon him. 8:eave me alone. what occurred to him first of all was the thought that poor !ihail . -here was his intelligence and his tact5 -here was his comprehension of things and his philosophical indifference5 The doctor could not sleep all night for shame and ve"ation with himself.veryanitch and obotov got up and stared at him first with ama'ement and then with alarm. staggered to the door and went out. 7evgeny &yodoritch is mauvais ton. It)s all a sham. trembling as though in a fever.ndrey 7efimitch. my honoured friend. #ow everything. :yubavkin. I don)t care.8 he shouted to a peasant woman who was stretching out a registered letter to him through the grating.8 he shouted in a voice unlike his own.8 8-hat)s the use of saying that58 said . I am not ill at all.
and you begin being treated for it. . . some underlinen. or are told you are mad or a criminal -. . in silence. 8It)s all right. That he might not be in their way.ndrey 7efimitch)s clothes into his arms. The fat peasant and the former sorter were asleep. who something. come this way. -hen you are told that you have something such as diseased kidneys or enlarged heart. he undressed entirely and he felt ashamed. /h58 Thinking that obotov wanted to distract his mind with an outing.ndrey 7efimitch put on his coat and hat. for no human efforts can save you. the paralytic was sitting motionless. 87ou wait here. for some reason. -hen they went into the lodge #ikita as usual (umped up and stood at attention. Then he put on the hospital clothes. seeing that #ikita was standing waiting.8 .. .nd the notebook that was in the side-pocket5 . and all this. . . please God. < BH > Towards evening on the same day obotov. 8 ere is your bed. . in his sheepskin and his high top. a waistcoat. It does not matter whether it)s a dress-coat or a uniform or this dressing-gown. crying %uietly and moving his lips.ndrey 7efimitch. when people suddenly turn their attention to you -. It was all somehow strange and even incomprehensible at first. and shut the door after him. e got up and walked across the room obotov said in an undertone.8 repeated #ikita.that is. I have come to ask you whether you would not (oin me in a consultation. . 7ou will try to escape and make things worse. 8It)s no matter. and a pair of slippers in a heap on his arm. very interesting case. One would never have e"pected such They went into the hospital yard. I am going for a stethoscope. and instead of obotov. It was %uiet.8 did not even allude to yesterday)s scene and was evidently sparing him. in fact. his feet were cold.veryanitch made him promise on his honour once more.8 he added. . . Ivan $mitritch was lying on his bed with his face thrust unto his pillow. and the dressing-gown smelt of smoked fish. and said to . going into the yard with .ndrey 7efimitch sat down on Ivan $mitritch)s bed and waited. that everything in this world was nonsense and vanity of vanities. and went out with him into the street. 8In the hospital. -ithout saying a word he crossed to the bed to which #ikita pointed and sat down. 1o it seems to me. . and high boots. went out. the drawers were very short. your honour.nd his cigarettes5 -here had #ikita taken his clothes5 #ow perhaps to the day of his death he would not put on trousers. and he was filled with dread at the thought that soon Ivan $mitritch would get up and see that he was in a dressing-gown.nd he went away. #ikita came into the ward with a dressing-gown.8 *ut how about his watch5 . pointing to an empty bedstead which had obviously recently been brought into the ward.8 thought .8 he said softly.8 . 8One of the patients here has a lung complication. colleague. wrapping himself in his dressing-gown in a shamefaced way and feeling that he looked like a convict in his new costume. you will recover. < C< > 83lease change your things. I)ll be back directly. .boots.8 !eanwhile the public was crowding at the grating.nd yet his hands were trembling. 8-here is your invalid58 asked . and he gathered up . I have long wanted to show him to you.ndrey 7efimitch. 8#o matter.ndrey 7efimitch understood it all. and escorted him to the outer door. . 83lease God. and in his heart thanked delicacy from this uncultured man. or perhaps really to enable him to earn e was glad of the obotov.8 . *ut half an hour passed.ndrey 7efimitch got up and began to take leave. . K4II It was getting dusk. turned towards the lodge where the mental cases were kept. and going round the main building.ndrey 7efimitch was even now convinced that there was no difference between his landlady)s house and -ard #o. . suddenly made his appearance.you may be sure you have got into an enchanted circle from which you will not escape.ndrey 7efimitch.ndrey 7efimitch in a tone as though nothing had happened the day before0 8I have come on business. !ihail . you will recover. the shirt was long. 7ou had better give in.their lives do not e"perience what I am e"periencing now. opportunity to smooth over his fault of the previous day and to be reconciled.
ndrey 7efimitch lay down. and then what5 1it so all the time. mustard plasters6 Guackery. 8and what)s bitter and insulting.8 he said. .8 thought . 84ery glad to see you. up. . It was getting dark. . he sat up and propped his cheeks on his fists. that was scarcely possible. -e shall have our good time in the other world. too. 8I have lost heart. it does not matter. . held out his hand. 8.ndrey 7efimitch in a tone as if he wanted to cry and complain. wretched little town. but he was suddenly overcome with desire. made in God)s image.ndrey 7efimitch walked away to the window and looked out into the open country. . stood a tall white house shut in by a stone wall.ndrey 7efimitch assured himself that there was nothing special about the moon or the prison. . trembling and wiping away the cold sweat. . talk philosophy. had walked about and sat down again. leeches. he could get up and look out of window and walk from corner to corner again. I used to be indifferent. Then he glanced la'ily at the doctor. but that all people. 2gh6 -ell. . my dear friend. I)ll turn their hair grey.8 said Ivan $mitritch ironically. my God. and apparently for the first minute did not understand. The strong grating did not yield. he clutched at the grating with both hands and shook it with all his might. but with death. There is a misunderstanding.ndrey 7efimitch. he had been sitting here. stupid. and he was miserably sick of it0 was it really possible to live here a day.8 !eanwhile Ivan $mitritch woke up. ere he had been sitting already half an hour. . 89ursed life. . it will not end with apotheosis as it would in an opera. a week. and how can these paltry creatures help philosophi'ing if they are not satisfied5 &or an intelligent. narrowness. like a post. . 8-hy. 8I have lost heart. that malignant laugh. screwing up one eye. 8!y God. not much more than two hundred yards away. and the nails on the fence. and on the hori'on to the right a cold crimson moon was mounting upwards. but soon his sleepy face grew malicious e walked about again. and now they will suck yours. 8It)s some misunderstanding. . and that everything in time will decay and turn to earth. K4III . > . *ut you know the philosophi'ing of the paltriest does not harm anyone. my God68 87ou are talking nonsense. 7es. he shrugged his shoulders and repeated0 8It)s some misunderstanding.8 he said. that even sane persons wear orders. 8Give me one little kopeck. and mocking. If you don)t like being a doctor you should have gone in for being a statesman. I could not do anything. Then that it might not be so dreadful he went to Ivan $mitritch)s bed and sat down.8 he muttered. and even years like these people5 -hy. then. educated man. frightened by Ivan $mitritch)s words.8 Ivan $mitritch spat again and lay down. < CA > 81o this is real life. .and sat down again. I shall come here as a ghost from the other world and frighten these reptiles. but at once got up. -e are weak.8 !oiseika returned. vulgarity6 Oh. 7ou sucked the blood of others. . . *ehind him there was the sound of a sigh. and the far-away flames at the bone-charring factory were all terrible.ha6 so they have put you in here. seemed terrible.8 said .8 87ou should be philosophical. and think5 #o. . and to spend his whole life among bottles. an hour. seeing the doctor. 8It must be cleared . my friend. wiped the cold sweat from his brow with his sleeve and felt that his whole face smelt of smoked fish. . /"cellent68 8It)s a misunderstanding .8 . The moon and the prison. I reasoned e spat. to have no alternative but to be a doctor in a filthy. too. < C. #ot far from the hospital fence. turning out the palms of his hands in perple"ity.ndrey 7efimitch brought out. even the paltriest. and. old fellow58 he said in a voice husky from sleepiness.8 he grumbled. . who was smiling and slyly winking. . peasants will come and drag one)s dead body by the arms and the legs to the cellar. . . my dear fellow.8 < C? > 8I could not.ndrey 7efimitch looked round and saw a man with glittering stars and orders on his breast.nd this. . This was the prison. and he felt frightened. this life will not end in compensation for our sufferings. proud and loving freedom. yes. 7ou were pleased to say once that there was no philosophy in =ussia.
. :ord. trembling all over. e waved his arms as though he were trying to swim out and clutched at a bedstead. and his legs would not obey him. 8It)s bedtime. 8-here are you going5 7ou can)t. It seemed to . can there really be no hell in the ne"t world.8 8$o you hear. had no conception of it. cry out with all his might. 8talk away. and will these wretches be forgiven5 -here is (ustice5 Open the door. it)s forbidden. . as e leaped up. 8I must go out. -eak. . 87ou can)t. . and he (umped up. and flung himself upon the door. you can)t68 he said. encouraged by Ivan $mitritch)s outburst. I must go out68 he said in a trembling voice. . tried to obotov. . you wretch6 I am choking68 he cried in a hoarse voice.8 8*ut what difference will it make to anyone if I do go out58 asked . generous.8 #ikita said peremptorily.8 8*ut I)m only going out for a minute to walk about the yard. . so he was not to blame. I can)t put up with this. I want to. had to endure such pain day by day for years. my friend. 7ou know that yourself. . then swung his arm and punched him in the face with his fist. e must have been beaten too. you can)t. -e are weak.ndrey 7efimitch lay and held his breath0 he was e"pecting with horror to be struck again. but at once #ikita (umped up and barred his way. and a shadow like a net lay on the floor. I am not e%ual to it.ndrey 7efimitch went to the door and opened it. . and he banged on the door with his fist.8 8. e felt as though e bit the Then all was still. < CC > KIK .ndrey 7efimitch as though a huge salt wave enveloped him from his head downwards and dragged him to the bed.8 8They will never let us out. and at the same moment felt #ikita hit him twice on the back. but his conscience.ndrey 7efimitch. .boldly and soundly.nyhow. . 8I am going out. ine"orable and as rough as #ikita.ndrey 7efimitch was all the while at the approach of evening tormented by another persistent sensation besides terror and the feeling of resentment. or I will break it open6 Torturer68 8Open the door. you drew in good impulses with your mother)s milk. #ikita. 8I don)t understand. there really was a salt taste in his mouth0 most likely the blood was running from his teeth.ndrey 7efimitch back. who seemed now like black shadows in the moonlight.8 he said.8 Ivan $mitritch was going on meanwhile. weak68 . my dear friend. . . 8I insist68 8Talk away68 #ikita answered through the door. and fell senseless on the bed. he tore at the dressing-gown and the shirt on his breast. . someone had taken a sickle. too. but no sound came from his chest. . you dull-witted brute58 cried Ivan $mitritch. 8I)ll dash out my brains. .8 cried . ow dare they keep us here5 I believe it is clearly laid down in the law that no one can be deprived of freedom without trial6 It)s an outrage6 It)s tyranny68 pillow from pain and clenched his teeth. and you. . the faint moonlight came through the grating. and all at once through the chaos in his brain there flashed the terrible unbearable thought that these people.8 said . 3rostration.t last he reali'ed that he was longing for a smoke and for beer.8 8$on)t be disorderly.8 said . the superintendent and the assistant. 8They will leave us to rot here6 Oh. . murderers68 #ikita opened the door %uickly. made him turn cold from the crown of his head to his heels. refused to know it5 ow could it have happened that for more than twenty years he had not known it and had e knew nothing of pain.ndrey 7efimitch. rent them. and then and then himself. and turned it round several times in his breast and bowels. you are intelligent. 8-hat right has he not to let you out5 < CB > 8Of course it)s tyranny. 8I must.8 . go and call 7evgeny &yodoritch6 1ay that I beg him to come for a minute68 8 is honour will come of himself to-morrow. but you had hardly entered upon life when you were e"hausted and fell ill. . . Ivan $mitritch gave a loud scream. 8This is beyond everything. . Gasping for breath. shrugging his shoulders. .ndrey 7efimitch. . It was terrible.8 Ivan $mitritch cried suddenly. I tell you.ndrey 7efimitch. we are poor creatures . but at the first coarse touch of life upon me I have lost heart. 8I will tell them to bring a light. e has no right6 Open. 8Open the door. it)s not right. and roughly with both his hands and his knee shoved . and to run in haste to kill #ikita. thrust it into him.
then it all vanished. . 8It is all the same to me. . 8I am not going to answer. !ihail . . < C.ndrey 7efimitch understood that his end had come. he drank nothing. something revolting as it seemed. fumigate the ward with something. and carried him away to the chapel. even to his finger-tips. and the moon shed its light upon him at night. $r. and millions of people believed in immortality. ran by him. prayed piously before the crucifi". > There he lay on the table.and he thought of it only for one instant.fter dinner !ihail .8 .#e"t morning his head ached. . . for instance. There was a greenness before his eyes.t first he had a violent shivering fit and a feeling of sickness. then a peasant woman stretched out her hand to him with a registered letter. e"traordinarily beautiful and graceful. In the morning 1ergey 1ergeyitch came. . The hospital porters came. of which he had been reading the day before. ashamed at recalling his weakness the day before.nd what if it really e"isted5 *ut he did not want immortality -. . had even been afraid of the moon. herd of deer.veryanitch brought him a %uarter pound of tea and a pound of fruit pastilles. same to me. and .ndrey 7efimitch was buried.ndrey 7efimitch died of an apoplectic stroke.veryanitch said something. the thought that the paltry people who philosophi'ed were really dissatisfied. strained from his stomach to his head and flooded his eyes and ears. Towards evening . with open eyes.veryanitch. . took him by his arms and legs. . had openly e"pressed thoughts and feelings such as he had not e"pected in himself before. !ihail . . he thought when they asked him %uestions. there was a droning in his ears and a feeling of utter weakness all over. #e"t day . obotov visited him.ndrey 7efimitch sank into oblivion for ever. penetrating through his whole body. !ihail . e ate nothing. and remembered that Ivan $mitritch.veryanitch and $aryushka were the only people at the funeral. *ut now nothing mattered to him. $aryushka came too and stood for a whole hour by the bed with an e"pression of dull grief on her face. e was not e had been cowardly. It)s all the . and closed his former chief)s eyes. e brought a bottle of bromide and told #ikita to e lay motionless and silent.
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