0 Up votes0 Down votes

35 views5 pagesAug 21, 2009

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

35 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- D-1309 Sizing Calc Sht1
- Water Jet Machining: Recent development
- 4 Solution
- Asgmnt 1 NS Equation
- late pseudo radial flow in horizontal wells
- csir-JRF engineering science syllabus only
- alfa-laval-gj-10---product-leaflet---ese03006.pdf
- International Journal of Engineering Research and Development
- Tutorial 4 - Compressible Flow Rev0100
- Nozzle-Ring-Area-of-Raw-Mill.xls
- Air Jet Manual
- h
- cfd analysys of turboexpander for cryogenic refrigeration.pdf
- Nozzle Cal -01
- CE8394 qb
- Reynolds Transport Theorem
- Exam_Jan_09
- Design Air Systems
- Fluent Nozzle Tutorial
- Cooling of Electronic Equipmentteam8

You are on page 1of 5

Exercise 2

(a) Derive the expression which represents the rate of change in water level dh/dt in

terms of flowrates Q1, Q2 and Q3 as well as the tank diameter d,

(b) If V1 = 3 m/s, Q3 = 0.01 m3/s, and the water level h is constant, calculate the outlet

velocity V2.

Q3 = 0.01 m3/s

3

D1 = 5 cm

h

d

h 2

D2 = 7 cm

Fig. E2.1

2. Water flow in a pipe and then exit through a bended nozzle as shown in Fig. E2.2. The

nozzle is connected to the main pipe using a flanged joint at (1). The diameter of the

pipe is D1 = 10 cm and is constant, whilst the diameter at the outlet section of the nozzle

(2) is D2 = 3 cm. The flowrate of the water is Q = 15 liter/and the water pressure at the

flange is p1 = 230 kPa. By neglecting the weight of water and the nozzle,

(a) Determine the force that the bolts have to withstand at (1),

(b) Calculate the torque exerted to the nozzle at (1).

1

Flange

Q

Water

30°

1.2 m

40° Nozzle

Fig. E2.2

3. A pump-turbine system as shown in Fig. E2.3 draws water from the upper lake during

the day to supply electricity to nearby township. During the night, it pumps water from

the lower lake to the upper lake so that the original water level can be recovered before

the day time operation takes place. The design specification of the system requires that

the volumetric flowrate through the system is 950 liter/s for both day and night

operations and the total head loss for each operation is 5.2 m. Assuming that the flow is

steady, inviscid and incompressible, calculate:

(a) Loss in power for both operations,

(b) Power generated by the turbine during the day,

(c) Power required to operate the pump during the night.

Altitude 45 m

Upper lake

Altitude 7.5 m

Pump-

turbine Lower lake

Fig. E2.3

4. A water jet exits through a nozzle to the atmosphere at sea level and is directed to the

stationary Pitot tube as shown in Fig. E2.4. If the pressure in section (1) is 110 kPa, by

neglection all kinds of losses, determine:

(a) mass flow rate of the flow in kg/s,

(b) total head H in the Pitot tube.

H

Water 4 cm

12 cm Water

(1) jet

Fig. E2.4

Answers to Exercise 2

1. (a) Select the water volume in the tank to be the control volume:

ρ dV + ρ (Q2 − Q1 − Q3 ) = 0

d

dt ∫CV

πd 2 dh

ρ + ρ (Q2 − Q1 − Q3 ) = 0

4 dt

dh Q1 − Q2 + Q3 Q1 − Q2 + Q3

= =

dt (πd 2 4 ) A

(b) If h is constant:

Q1 − Q2 + Q3

= 0 ⇒ Q2 = Q1 + Q3

A

( )2 ( )2 (3.0)

4 π 0.07 V2 = 0.01 + 4 π 0.05

1 1

V2 = 4.13 m/s

[ ]

m& = ρQ = 998 15(10) = 14.97 kg/s

−3

Q 15(10)

−3

V1 = = = 1.91 m/s

A1 14 π(0.1)2

15(10)

−3

Q

V2 = = = 21.2 m/s

A2 14 π(0.03)2

∑ Fx = − Fbolt + p1 A1 = m& u 2 − m& u1

Fbolt = p1 A1 − m& (− V2 cos 40° − V1 )

= 230(10)

3 1

4

[ π(0.1) ]− 14.97(− 21.2 cos 40° − 1.91)

2

= 2078 N = 2.08 kN

(b) From the diagram, rO2 = −1.2j dan rO1 = 0.

Moment equilibrium at O, ∑ M A = 0 :

∑ M O = TO = m& (rO 2 × V2 ) − m& (rO1 × V1 )

TO = 14.97 [− 1.2 j × 21.2(− cos 40°i − sin 40° j)] − 14.97 [0 × 1.91i ]

= − 292 N ⋅ m (clockwise)

3. (a) Power loss:

W& f = ρgQh f = 998(9.81)(0.950)(5.2) = 48.4 kW

p1 V12 p 2 V22

+ + z1 = + + z 2 + h f + ht

ρg 2 g ρg 2 g

0 + 0 + 45 = 0 + 0 + 7.5 + 5.2 + ht ⇒ ht = 32.3 m

p1 V12 p 2 V22

+ + z1 = + + z2 + h f − hp

ρg 2 g ρg 2 g

0 + 0 + 7.5 = 0 + 0 + 45 + 5.2 − h p ⇒ h p = 42.7 m

p1 V12 p V2

+ + z1 = 2 + 2 + z 2 = H

ρg 2 g ρg 2 g

110(10) V 2 (0.04 0.12)

3 4

0 V22

+ 2 +0= + +0

998(9.81) 2(9.81) 998(9.81) 2(9.81)

V22 = 223.2 ⇒ V2 = 14.9 m/s

[ ]

m& = ρA2V2 = 998 14 π(0.04 ) (14.9) = 18.7 kg/s

2

V22 (14.9)2

H= = = 11.4 m

2 g 2(9.81)

- D-1309 Sizing Calc Sht1Uploaded byNK
- Water Jet Machining: Recent developmentUploaded byrmehfuz
- 4 SolutionUploaded byDÈènvêËr 빛 사랑
- Asgmnt 1 NS EquationUploaded byAbdul Arif
- late pseudo radial flow in horizontal wellsUploaded bysupermoni89
- csir-JRF engineering science syllabus onlyUploaded bygovindarajan017
- alfa-laval-gj-10---product-leaflet---ese03006.pdfUploaded byVils Arabadzhieva
- International Journal of Engineering Research and DevelopmentUploaded byIJERD
- Tutorial 4 - Compressible Flow Rev0100Uploaded byKang Qin
- Nozzle-Ring-Area-of-Raw-Mill.xlsUploaded byThaigroup Cement
- Air Jet ManualUploaded byKumar Saheb
- hUploaded bySutikno
- cfd analysys of turboexpander for cryogenic refrigeration.pdfUploaded byFhand Hanjar
- Nozzle Cal -01Uploaded bywhngomj
- CE8394 qbUploaded byHejo Mark
- Reynolds Transport TheoremUploaded byjmdimayuga
- Exam_Jan_09Uploaded byalialavi2
- Design Air SystemsUploaded bytariq
- Fluent Nozzle TutorialUploaded byAhmad Tahir
- Cooling of Electronic Equipmentteam8Uploaded byAmey Puranik
- AFT Arrow 4 Data SheetUploaded byVictor Anton
- ME 4th sem syllabus.docxUploaded byNikhil Singh
- Aerodynamic Stability of a Beam in Steady Flow 1993Uploaded bycisco
- fluid mechanicUploaded byShasha AR
- Review of the APIRP14 Eerosional Velocity EquationUploaded byTevriyudha Mardika
- Review of the APIRP14 Eerosional velocity equation Origin,applications,misuses, limitations and alternatives.pdfUploaded byAsep Ridwan Setiawan
- Eco Bubble 1N 2018EUploaded byJagdesh Rebba
- Double-disk rotating viscous micro-pump with slip flowUploaded byAmanda Kelly
- aarsnes2014Uploaded byTamires de Souza
- KeithGalvin_PhDthesisUploaded byHolli Horton

- BalaguerM.dolors GuaschHelena RomanAnnaM-Aquaticbiofilms Ecologywaterqualityandwastewatertreatment-CaisterAcademicPress2016Uploaded byMadzeke
- 102086 designing teaching assignment 2Uploaded byapi-408525277
- HydroSense_2410_11Uploaded bysanjay975
- scott.pdfUploaded byal_haifez
- 16Uploaded byJaeDukAndrewSeo
- Municipal Wastewater Management NotesUploaded byMa Teresa Quintos
- P5Uploaded byJohn Ceasar Pasco
- Tandale Chakula Bora EnglishUploaded bycprein93
- Libro Agua Amc InglesUploaded byPatricio Bravo Castillo
- Sullair 900RH ControllerUploaded byGustavo Cuba
- Fillcontrol Auto 2PUploaded byachusanachu
- ASTM C 871Uploaded byExsan Othman
- 1064614.pdfUploaded byKee-Hyeon Cho
- GGH1501 Learning Unit 3Uploaded bySiyathokoza
- Num F Demand, Water Qty Est & Populatn ForecastingUploaded byWali Bakht
- Example Technical Background Report_ Global WarmingUploaded byAsid Zullah
- Practicum Andros Final 2015 AQP Calculator (1)Uploaded bymabrarahmed
- Refrigeration Fundamentals PPTUploaded byThomas Westgate
- Planetary InteractionUploaded byAndrea Dimech
- Poster 4 Sedimentation (A2)Uploaded byRamco33
- Owners-Manual-Glass.pdfUploaded byJoo Jong
- Mechanical SealUploaded byKhoh Kai Sheng
- Assignment 1 MT1 2016Uploaded byUshnish Rana
- List of Dams and Reservoirs in India.pdfUploaded byAnon
- Tecnical Specification for B-1 Type Porta Cabins-MKA 8-1-2015Uploaded bysaravanan
- Pakistan Water Action: Desalination Project Enables More Fruitful HarvestsUploaded byadbwaterforall
- Linings for Sulphur Storage TanksUploaded byGuru Raja Ragavendran Nagarajan
- CamachoUploaded byshamoojee
- 2011_PVOH_1100_PVOH_for_Specialty_Coatings.pdfUploaded byggudayakumar
- People of the Lie, Colloidal SilverUploaded bypalomafuentes

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.