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# LESSON PLAN School Course Grade Semester Teacher : ________________________ : Mathematics : VII (Seventh) : Odd Semester : Nandra Cahya

A. Standard of Competence ! Solvin" #ro\$lems involved e%#onential& root& and lo"arithmic 'orms! B. Basic Competence
1.1.

(##lyin" conce#ts and #ro#erties o' e%#onential& root& and lo"arithmic 'orms!

C. Indicators
1. Convertin" decimal num\$ers into scienti'ic notation and vice versa! 2. (##lyin" al"e\$raic o#eration o' some num\$ers re#resented in scienti'ic notation!

D. Learning Objectives
1. Given a decimal num\$ers& students are e%#ected to \$e a\$le to convert the num\$er into scienti'ic notation! 2. Given a num\$er re#resented in scienti'ic notation& students are e%#ected to \$e a\$le to convert the num\$er into decimal

num\$er!
3. Given some num\$ers re#resented in scienti'ic notation& students are e%#ected to \$e a\$le to a##ly a##ro#iate al"e\$raic

o#erations o' those num\$ers!

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E. Prequisite Materia s
1. Inde% notation 2. Pro#erties o' e%#onents

F. Learning Materia s
1. Scienti'ic notation 2. The rule o' #o)er o' *

G. !ime A ocation + × ,- minutes ( meetin") H. Learning Met"ods
a. .earnin" (##roach b. .earnin" Methods

: In/uiry : 0iscussion& Presentation& Individual e%#loration& Pair sharin" E\$pected Students Activities OPENIN% &'( minutes) Note

I.

#etai of Activities

!eac"er Activities

Teacher "reets students! “Good morning, Class! How are you?” “I’m fine, !an" you.” Teacher has students to #ray \$e'ore startin" the lesson!

Students ans)er the teacher1s "reetin"! “Good morning, #a’am\$%ir! I’m fine, !an" you. &nd you?” The leader o' the class as2s her3his 'riend to #ray to"ether!

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Ma’am/Sir. (lease !e )a* ain of !e )lass. I !o*e !a we’ll ge a fun a) i1i ies oday. I !o*e s!e’ll ge be er soon. le ’s *ray oge !er. (raying. #a’am\$%ir. %o. “+efore we s ar lead your friends o *ray oge !er. Guys?” Teacher revie)s students students1 initial 2no)led"e related to e%#onential 'orm and its #ro#erties \$y oday?” “Good.” !is lesson.!a ’s !a**ened wi ! % uden /?” “'!. Class.” oday. #a’am” Students ans)er the teacher1s /uestion! Some students res#ond& “0es. &re you ready o s ar .. &ll of you loo"s so !a**y oday.inis!.” The other students #ray to"ether! The leader o' the class as2s her3his 'riend to sto# #rayin"! ”.” Teacher chec2s students1 attendance! “&nyone absen )lass oday. I’m glad !a all of you -oin !is Students revie) their initial 2no)led"e and ans)er the teacher1s /uestions! Appreception 3 .” “.” The other students sto# #rayin" and #re#are 'or the lesson! Students ans)er the teacher& “No. #a’am\$%ir.” Teacher as2s students )hether they1re ready to start the lesson! “.“'"..” Or “0es.ell. % uden / is absen “%!e is si)".

w!o s ill remember w!a we’1e dis)ussed in !e *re1ious mee ing?” “.” The others res#ond& “(ro*er ies of indi)es. you may. #a’am\$%ir. *lease lis en o % uden +. #a’am\$%ir.” !e Some students res#ond& “Inde3 no a ion. ."ivin" some /uestions! “Guys.” Student 4 raise his3her hand& “#ay I ry i .!a else?” “Grea . #a’am\$%ir?” Student 4 mentions the #ro#erties o' indices and the other students #ay attention to his3her ans)er! Student 4 may mention& “4!e *ro*er ies are a m × a n= a m + n a m : a n= a m −n 5 .!o wan s o men ion w!a *ro*er ies of indi)es are?” Teacher "ives #ermisson to students )ho )ants to try ans)erin" the /uestion and as2 other students to #ay attention to the student! “'f )ourse. 21eryone.

gi1e a big !and for % uden +.Teacher a##reciates student1s ans)er and as2s other students 'or "ivin" a##lause! “Good -ob.” The others students a##reciate Student C1s ans)er and "ive a##lause 'or her3him! 7 . Gi1e a**lause for % uden C. % uden +. b ≠* ” b b The others students a##reciate Student 41s ans)er and “How abou 6ero and nega i1e indi)es *ower?” Teacher a##reciates student1s ans)er and as2s other students 'or "ivin" a##lause! “Grea .” Students C res#ond& * 6 a= "ive a##lause 'or her3him! and a− n= an & #a’am\$%ir.” Teacher as2s students a\$out 5ero and ne"ative inter"ers #o)er! a (¿ ¿ m)n= a mn ¿ ( a× b ) = a n × b n and n () a n an = n . Guys.

” MAIN AC!I*I!IES E\$p oration &+( minutes) Teacher dis#lays some e%am#les o' num\$ers re#resented in scienti'ic notation! Students are curious a\$out )hat they )ill do )ith these 2ind o' notation! 9 Individua .Teacher "ives illustration a\$out needs o' sim#ler )ay Students are e%#ected to \$e curious a\$out ho) in notatin" or calculatin" very lar"e or very small num\$ers! e%#onential 'orm can \$e used 'or solvin" daily li'e #ro\$lems and develo# their interest to learn more a\$out this to#ic! Some students may res#ond the teacher& “Gi1en !e *ro on mass is 8.” Motivation algebrai) o*era ions be ween !ese "ind of numbers? Is !ere any way o sim*lify !e *roblems? 4!a is w!y we need o learn abou s)ien ifi) no a ion. (the num\$er is sho)n in a slide or )ritten in the \$oard) Can you imagine !ow diffi)ul o do “How )ould i be? I am )urious abou !a .888888888888888888888819: gram.

” Students o\$serve the e%am#les dis#layed& 'ind any s#ecialties o' the notation& and as2 the teacher i' they have some /uestions! Student 0 as2s& “#a’am\$%ir. I’ll gi1e you 18 minu es o do !is.!a is !a**ened?” : . ..” !ese numbers dis*layed in !e “. #a’am\$%ir?” E\$p oration Teacher as2s students to o\$serve the dis#layed e%am#les and 'ind s#ecialties o' the notation dis#layed individually! “<ow. 0ou’ll dis)uss i la er wi ! your friends. Guys.!a will we do wi ! !ese numbers.“. % uden >. #a’am\$%ir?” Students o\$serve the dis#layed e%am#les and try to 'ind the s#ecialties o' the notation dis#layed individually! “Can we dis)uss wi ! our friends.” 0urin" the e%#loration& teacher o\$serves students1 activities and hel#s students i' it is needed! See (ttachment : S ide “'=.ind any s*e)ial ies of no a ion of !ose numbers..oo" a slide. I wanna as".” “Is i '= if I say !a ea)! numbers deno e by ten to the power of... I wan you o obser1e !e no a ion of numbers dis*layed in !e slide.” “(lease do i indi1idually firs . #a’am\$%ir. ?” “'=. .

#a’am\$%ir. i is '=. I’ll gi1e you 7 minu es o do !is.” “'=. we !a1e. 0ou )an say li"e !a . 4!an" you. Com*are your answer o your *air and dis)uss !e s*e)ial ies of !e no a ion.” “<o.” Pair S"aring @ . #a’am. *lease s!are your o*inion o your des"ma e. #a’am\$%ir?” “<ow.” “%o..” Teacher as2s students to share their o#inion in #air and discuss to com#lete their ans)er a\$out the s#ecialties o' notation in the dis#layed e%am#les! “Ha1e you finis!ed. #a’am\$%ir. &ny ?ues ion?” Teacher invites a #air to #resent their discussion result a\$out the s#ecialties o' notation in the dis#layed e%am#les! 4esides& teacher as2s the other students to com#are students1 discussion result to the discussion result o' #resenter "rou#! The #resenter #air #resents the discussion result in 'ront o' the class and the others com#are or critici5e the discussion result o' #resenter "rou#! Students share therir o#inion in #air and discuss it to com#lete their ans)er a\$out the s#ecialties o' notation in the dis#layed e%am#les! “0es. I is )lear.. (lease find !e o !er s*e)ial ies.“>o you find !a !e no a ion uses !a ?” “0es. #a’am\$%ir.

In our o*inion. !is in1ol1es 10 o !e *ower of an in eger. (lease wel)ome. *lease )om*are your dis)ussion resul resul .!o wan s o be !e *resen er?” “'=.“4ime is u*.ell. 0ou s!ould )ri i)i6e or )ommen s !e *resen er’s resul . . Guys.or !e o !ers. Gi1e a**lause o !em.. + and I will *resen our dis)ussion resul abou !e s*e)ial ies of no a ion in !e e3am*les dis*layed. 4!a ’s all. I will in1i e a *air o *resen !e dis)ussion resul in fron of o !e *resen er’s !e )lass. !is is mul i*lied by a real numbers be ween 8 and 1. % uden s & and +.” Other students "ive a##lause to Students ( and 4! &!"e Presentation of Pair A) “. #a’am\$%ir.” “. 4!en.” Pair ( (Students ( and 4) )ants to \$e the #resenter "rou#& 6'ur grou*. Guys.. Good morning. #a’am\$%ir.” The other students res#ond& “Grea . !a )an be *osi i1e or nega i1e.” A . In !is o))asion.

. % uden C. . #a’am\$%ir” Teacher as2s the audience )hether they have di''erent o#inion! “&ll of you. !ow abou no a ion?” !e dis)ussion.” Student 0 res#onds& “4!e *ower )an be nega i1e or *osi i1e. if we !a1e *osi i1e *ower !en !e numbers mus be large. w!ere and in1ol1es *ower of en. and if we !a1e nega i1e *ower !en !e “Good.ell. % uden +.!o )an e3*lain w!y do we find *osi i1e and nega i1e *ower?” 18 numbers mus be small.!a is your )on)lusion abou uses a de)imal number a.e find !a !e no a ion * < a< Students #ay attention to the teacher1s e%#lanation! .” “Grea . #a’am\$%ir. do you agree wi ! & and +?” “&ny o !er o*inion?” Teacher "ives additional in'ormation \$ased on the discussion result and introduce scienti'ic notation! “.” “<o.“0es.” .!a else?” Student 7 res#onds& “I !in". #a’am\$%ir. Guys? !a "ind of Student C res#onds& “.

% uden s w!o said 1 *lease ga !er !ere. % uden s w!o said 5 *lease ga !er !ere. %o. #a’am\$%ir. “7”. (lease )oun 1 u* o 9.e’ll dis)uss i more now.” Students "ather )ith their "rou#! “1”. “5”. &nd s uden s w!o said 9 *lease ga !er o1er !ere. “3”. Guys. I’m sure !a you !a1e go !e ini ial "nowledge abou s)ien ifi) no a ion. I wan you o wor" in grou* of four.Some students res#ond& “'! I see. we !a1e.” “'=.( minutes) Teacher divides class into several "rou#s o' 'our! “.s"eet 11 .” “0es. “2”. “9” . % uden s w!o said 2 *lease ga !er !ere.” “Bery good answer. See (ttachment +: -or. % uden >. % uden s w!o said 7 *lease ga !er o1er !ere.. .ell. !ese "ind of no a ion is )alled s)ien ifi) no a ion..” E aboration &. #a’am\$%ir. Guys. % uden s w!o said 3 *lease ga !er !ere. 4o )om*le e your "nowledge. #a’am\$%ir.” “'=.

” Teacher as2s students to discuss and do the )or2sheet )ith their "rou#! “<ow. I will gi1e you 28 minu es o finis! your wor". If you !a1e any ?ues ion. 4!is Worksheet )on aining wo *ar s. Guys?” Teacher distri\$utes -or. #a’am\$%ir.s"eet 'or each "rou#s containin" an ivesti"ation a\$out the rule o' #o)er o' * some real8)ord #ro\$lems related to scienti'ic notation! “I will dis ribu es a Worksheet. one for ea)! grou*. *lease as" me. #a’am\$%ir.” 0urin" the discussion& teacher o\$serves students1 Students do the -or.s"eet and as2s the teacher i' Students discuss and do the )or2sheet )ith their "rou#! “'=.” %roup #iscussion !e “4!an" you.“Ha1e you me your grou*. firs is in1es iga ion abou rule of *ower of 18 and !e se)ond is some realCwords *roblem rela ed o s)ien ifi) no a ion. 0ou )an s ar now.s"eet "iven \$y the teacher! 12 . *lease dis)uss and do !e Worksheet in your grou*.” Students acce#t -or. Here i is.

#a’am\$%ir. Guys?” “>o you find any diffi)ul ies?” “Grea .” The #resenter "rou#s #resent the discussion result in 'ront o' the class and the others com#are or critici5e the discussion result o' #resenter "rou#! Presentation Grou# 4 )ants to \$e the #resenter& “#ay our grou* be !e *resen er grou*?” “4!an" you. go on. *lease )om*are your dis)ussion resul !e *resen er. #a’am\$%ir. you may.activities and hel#s students i' it is needed! “Is i doing grea .!o wan s o be !e *resen er grou* for *ar &?” “'f )ourse. Guys.” “<o. Guys. (lease wel)ome. . I will in1i e some grou*s o *resen !e dis)ussion o resul in fron of !e )lass.” “4!an" you. #a’am\$%ir. .” Confirmation &+( minutes) Teacher invites some "rou#s to #resent their discussion result a\$out the s#ecialties o' notation in the dis#layed e%am#les! 4esides& teacher as2s the other students to com#are students1 discussion result to the discussion result o' #resenter "rou#! “'=. .” &Presentation of %roup B) 13 . #a’am\$%ir.or !e o !ers. they 'ind some di''iculties! “0es.inis! off now.

” “Hello.” Grou# C )ants to \$e the #resenter! “#ay we ry i .&*** ¿ !. If !e inde3 is *osi i1e. &f er dis)ussing !is Worksheet. !en !e 6ero )omes af er 1. 1i)e 1ersa. we find !a !e number of 6ero is same as !e inde3 of 18. #a’am\$%ir. Gi1e a big !and for !em.Grou* +. we )an -us )oun 4!a ’s all our resul . le ’s )on inue !e *resen a ion o !e “Hello. Guys?” “'=. #a’am\$%ir?” &!"e presentation of %roup C) o )on1er from one form !e !e inde3 of 18. Guys. In !e o !er !and. .e would li"e o *resen our wor" abou Worksheet Part B.or number 1D . Guys. %o. >o you !a1e differen answer.. . !en 6ero )omes before 1. × * 15 .” “Grea .. if we wan 6ero and ad-us “<o. if !e inde3 is nega i1e. 4!an" you. . . o !e o !er form.e would li"e o *resen our wor" abou Worksheet Part A.

&***&*** ¿ :!. &f er dis)ussing !e wor"s!ee . 4!an" you.” Confirmation 17 . Eand so onF Teacher "ives con'irmation to the students related to the discussion they1ve done! “'=.” Students #ay attention to the teacher e%#lanation and as2s students i' they have some di''iculties! “'=. I will re1iew your dis)ussion resul and gi1e some addi ional informa ion. Grou* C. #a’am\$%ir. of )ourse.” (The additional in'ormation "iven de#ends on the discussion result) CLOSIN% Teacher "uides students to ma2e conclusion related to activities they have done! 4y teacher1s "uide& students ma2e conclusion a\$out ho) to convert decimal num\$ers into scienti'ic notation and vice versa and ho) to sim#li'y e%#ressions containin" scienti'ic notation \$y al"e\$raic Summari/ation 4!a ’s all our resul . (lease wel)ome.” 9+*&***&***&***&*** ¿ 9!+ × * < :.!o wan s o be !e *resen er?” “0es. .*ar +. × * 9=&*** ¿ !9= × * .

.” de)imal numbers " wi ! form a × *n .” !e number of 6eros. .!o !as o !er )on)lusion?” Students and teacher ma2e re'lection a\$out the activities they have done! Students and teacher ma2e a re'lection a\$out the lesson they1ve done! 0ef ection 19 . we use !e rule of *ower of 18. w!a )an you )on)lude?” w!ere n is in egers. . w!ere The other students res#ond& “In using s)ien ifi) no a ion.o#erations! Some students res#ond& “%)ien ifi) no a ion is re*resen a ion of “+ased on !e dis)ussion we’1e done. bu i uses !e *ro*er ies of *ower form.” * < a< Teacher as2s other students to "ive their conclusion! “Grea . we -us need o )oun Teacher "ives stimulatin" /uestion to ma2e students ma2e a conclusion a\$out #ro#erties o' indices! “&nd !ow abou !e algebrai) o*era ions in s)ien fi) no a ion?” Some students res#ond& “I is similar o !e usual algebrai) o*era ions.or finding !e inde3.

e1eryone.” Students ans)er the teacher1s "reetin"! “Good bye. Goodbye. #a’am\$%ir. Slide 2. !oo s and Learning Sources 1. How abou !e lesson oday. Some students res#ond& “I !in" i ’s !ard w!en we !a1e o )on1er a de)imal numbers in o s)ien ifi) no a ion and 1i)e 1ersa. (lease submi your wor" !ere. (u your Worksheet o1er !ere. +u af er I dis)uss i wi ! my grou*.s"eet in 'ront o' the class! “&lrig! .” )lass? Is i fun or diffi)ul ?” Teacher as2s students to su\$mit -or. I !o*e you all !a1e a good day. see you all ne3 mee ing. I ’s ge ing easier.” J. I ’s ime for us o s o* now.“&lrig! . Guys.” Teacher ends the meetin" and say "ood\$ye! “'=.” Students su\$mit their -or. mes %ome imes I )onfuse o de ermine !e inde3.s"eet in 'ront o' the class! “'=. %ee you oo. #a’am\$%ir. >or2sheet 1: .

Assesment 1.K. Techni/ue: Grou# activities& Partici#ation in class Instrument: >or2sheet& and O\$servation sheet 1@ .

× *< . ! + . × *= .Attachment 1 SLI#E Consider these following examples! -!+ × *−= . <. × *−< 1A . * × *.× * −9 .!+ × * . =.-+ × * * .× * . + . . -= × *−.!*..

= *** 28 . !!!!!!!!!!!! 5. The ?ule o' Po)er o' * 1. !!!!!!!!!!!! 2. !!!!!!!!!!!! &. !!!!!!!!!!!! 3.Attachment 2 -O01S2EE! SCIEN!I3IC NO!A!ION Member of %roups4 1. O\$serve and count the 5eros in these e%#ressions \$elo): **= *= * *+ = ** *.

........................................................................ The s#eed o' li"ht is 9=&*** miles3second! (n illustration o' this s#eed is i' a car is movin"at li"ht s#eed& then the car can circumnavi"ate the earth < times #er second! The avera"e distance \$et)een the sun and the earth is :................... ................ +.................. Notation in ?eal >orld 1.........................................................................................................*== ****** *− = *! *−+ = *!* *−.............................. 3..............................................................** million miles! This star is very 'ar 21 ..............................&***&*** miles! It is so 'ar tat it ta2es 9 minuts 'or the sun1s li"ht to reach the earth! In 'act& some o' the "iant stars are so hu"e that they can occu#y a s#ace consistin" o' the sun& the earth and s#ace \$et)een them& and even more than that! One o' the stars )ith these characteristics caled 4etel"euse in the Orion "ala%y! It has a diameter o' ...................................................... Scienti'ic ................................................................................................................................. Can you 'ind any relationshi# \$et)een the num\$er o' 5eros and the inde% o' *@ &nswerD .................................................................................................................................. ........ ....................... .......................................................... >hat can you conclude \$ased on this relationshi#@ &nswerD . ............................................................................................ =*!** *−= =*!***** 2.............................................

..9% *... =!*............... ..*% *.............. ......9% *................................................... ................................... >rite the area in scienti'ic notation! b...................... The ta\$le \$elo) sho)s the data o' the estimated radius o' each #lanet on their e/uators! ?e#resent the radius in decimal num\$ers! Planet ?adii (2m) 0ecimals ?e#resentation 7arth Au#iter Mars Mercury Ne#tune Saturn Branus Venus =!.. +!-=% *.......=+&***&*** 2m+! a.......... The area o' the earth1s sur'ace covered \$y the ocean is ............a)ay (a\$out 9+*&***&***&***&*** miles)& so its li"ht ta2es ................... 2.. <! -% *...... ........................................ * years to reach the earth! Com#ared )ith the other stars& 4etel"euse& ho)ever& is still closer \$ecause the li"ht o' the 'arthest star ta2es u# to ............................................................................................................................. =!*-% *............... The area o' the earth1s sur'ace is determined \$y the 'ormula 22 .. ................. 3..........&*** million years to reach the earth! 7%#ress the underlined num\$er in scienti'ic notation! &nswerD ............................................................................!..... .... +!...........% *.........................................% *............................... +!..................

............... .....C r + >here r is the earth1s radius! Dind the area o' the earth1s sur'ace& i' ......................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................... 23 ........A= ............ . ......................... its radius is =!...................................... ............................... >hat #ercenta"e o' the earth1s sur'ace is ocean@ &nswerD ........................................................9 × * 2m! )......................................................................................................................................