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IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background Technological developments have made many remarkable progress. Many things from life sector that has used the existence of the technology itself. Presence has a considerable impact on the lives of human beings in various aspects and dimensions. Likewise with the communication technology is hardware equipment in the organizational structure that contains social value that enables individuals to collect, process and exchange information (in Rogers, 1986). Such a situation, in which a technology capable of changing something that may not be possible to be a reality. For example, if the first person can not talk to other people who are in a place that is far away, then after the phone people can talk without limits of time and distance. From here, beginning with the discovery of a variety of simple devices, ranging from phones, analog-based, developed and developing countries continue to emerge many other electronic devices. Until finally this technology integrate with one another. Existing communication technology is an answer from any of the times. This occurs because of growing human civilization developed a technology that will continue to experience growth pattern to align civilization itself. The term information technology became popular in the late 70s. In the past the term information technology or computer technology called electronic data processing (electronic data processing). Information technology is defined as

as well as increasing the ability of ICT leaders in government. and digital electronics. Destination The formulation of the problem that can be drawn from this discussion is: 1. ranging from skills and knowledge. Outlines what is meant by information and communication technology 2. transportation. What are the implications of IT and the internet? 3. Problem Formulation 1. corporate. How information and communication technology in education? 4. 1. computer. Describes how information and communication technologies in education 4. operation. So that in the end will produce output that is useful to humans as individuals themselves and for all sectors of life. The role of information technology in human activity at this time was so great.2. health and research. planning. communications. Describe the implications of IT and the Internet 3. Information and communication technology is an important element in the life of the nation. Describe the impact in the field of education . Therefore it is very important to increase the ability of the human resources (HR) ICT. education. What is the impact in the field of education? 1. SME (small and medium enterprises) and NGOs.technology processing and dissemination of data using hardware (hardware) and software (software). Information technology has become the main facility for the activities of the various sectors of life which contributed greatly to the change .a fundamental change in the operation and management of organizational structure. maintenance and supervision.3. What is the information and communication technology? 2. education.

The term technology is often portray discovery of new tools using the principles and processes of scientific discovery. shaking his head. or a shrugged. Communication is a process of delivering information (messages. If no verbal language that can be understood by both.1. means the development and application of tools. Information and Communication Technology Judging from the wording. such as smiling. ideas. machines. materials and processes that help people complete the problem. The first word. Means of information processing results. computer software development and various computer- . communication is done by using the words (verbal) that can be understood by both parties. This definition includes the manufacture of hardware and computer components. presenting. managing data. In general. closely related to the data. manipulation and organizing a group of data that gives the value of knowledge (knowledge) for its users. Said second and third. information and communication technology is composed of 3 (three) each word has its own meaning. information and communication. ideas) from one party to another to enable the interplay between the two.CHAPTER II DISCUSSION 2. technology. and information. Many opinions which defines information and communication technologies with different languages. Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) defines information technology as technology development and application of computer and communications-based technologies for processing. communication can still be done non-verbally using body movements or showing certain attitudes.

4. According to the Oxford English Dictionary 2nd edition. including networks and telecommunications are typically included in the context of a business or enterprise. All individuals desperately need technology to accelerate the development or increase the development of both individual and group development. to satellite. along with communication equipment as well as manufacturing of components and services. alongside the development of the art of writing based on speech communication. telephone. (Quoted from the Perspective of Communication Technology Background & . enable the realization of the actual mass communication. reproduction of the written word (written words) by using alt printer. both information technology and telecommunications are very high from the start of middle class and upper middle class. starting from the telegraph. The development of the communication itself is actually in line with the life and existence of man himself. is the definition of information technology hardware (hardware) and software (software).2 Development of Communication Technology Current technology needs. the advent of electronic communication. There are four major defining point in the history of human communication. 2. so 3. Acquisition (aquisition) language that is at the same time with the birth of man.related services. radio. which presents a selection of forms of technology and sophistication. According Nordenstreng and Varis (1973) are: 1. television. 2. The term information technology become a part of the operations of the electronic device that utilizes computer. Technological development today is very fast communication technology.

the images as a language. for example. But its form. magazines. the sounds of bones and so on. in a letter pictograf form of communication used by the Sumerians. Starting with the invention of the steam engine by James Watt who is opening the Industrial Revolution. For example. But even so. causing a variety of effects that trigger other technologies. according to Alvin Toffler. it has been considered as an appropriate form of communication at the time. which led to the discovery of one thing the emergence of various other things. Meanwhile. Furthermore the development of human knowledge. is still very simple. This development even today is still used and very useful for mankind. the communication technology is getting better. One step that is truly extraordinary. books and so forth. Advancement of communication technology felt better after the invention of paper by the Chinese people made from Papyrus leaf fibers. . Invention of the telephone which was found in 1876. that fact itself communication technologies have emerged since the Age Pre-History. hierogliph by the Ancient Egyptians.1989: case 2). is the development of communications technology with the application of the concept of using analog. Subsequent developments have progressed a step a little better. Such as the paper used in printing newspapers or newspapers. And only then leads to a digital concept. This lasted until about the 1960s. limited forms of organ motion.Progress. At that time both types of letters are also often used when a king gives a kind of regulatory rules for the people who will put in the middle of the city where the shape is like building the monument. Zulkarimein Nasution. there are three civilizations in the development of the technology itself. 1989: page 15). Previously just look back. Zulkarimein Nasution. the agricultural age. known as Act-shaped memorial. the industrial age and the last time information (quoted from the Perspective of Communication Technology Background & Progress. Where at that time people have been able to use a form of communication.

This computer is an electronic circuit that has a tube light weight of 20 tons. although it appears the exciting stories in the field of business. as told in the book "Nerds 2. Mechanisms library access can be done by using a special program (typically using Z39. Cooperation between experts and also with students who are physically far apart can be done more easily.berbagai there is a little much to change the life style of the people themselves. a person had to wander or run away to see a specialist to discuss a problem. Similarly. Used in 1946.) The Internet allows a person in Indonesia to access the library in the United States. The existence of open Internet resources that had been inaccessible. The first computer ENIAC II is introduced. after the second world war.50 standard. and how the quality is?. Access to resources not being again. Internet in the United States began to grow from the academic environment (NSFNET). Exchange of information or the frequently asked questions by experts can be done via the Internet. Previously. telnet application (such as the application hytelnet6) or via a web browser (Netscape and Internet Explorer). via email.0. With the beginning of this computer in the context of digital communications technologies evolved by leaps and bounds. Without the Internet many final project and thesis which may require more time to be resolved.3.Then the subsequent development of the discovery of which is the use of facsimile communication by giving the data that can be passed through a media phone. such WAIS5). Library is one of expensive resources. Digital era itself came after the satellite was found and in the kinds of discoveries that have aktifkan. There have been many stories about the help the Internet in research. Imagine if a student in Irian can discuss medical issues with a . May need to be propagated stories about the benefits of the Internet for education. thesis. (How many libraries in Indonesia.1". or by using a mechanism Sharring file. So it is with the development of computers. 2. the Internet in Indonesia began to grow within the academic (in the UI and ITB). Implications of IT and Internet Education IT and Internet history can not be separated from education. Currently this can be done from home by sending an email. Papers and research can be done with the exchange of data over the Internet.

(5) from time to time cycle shifts the learning process changes from paper to "On Line "to date has been its presence can be felt or seen as an educational institution to implement a computerized system. 2. (2) from the classroom to the place where and at any time. (See Forbes magazine article May 15. Distance learning and the virtual university is a new application for the Internet. lecturer or all citizens in the sphere of education are able to obtain all the information to be obtained . 2000. Development of technology and communication in the fields of education. To summarize the benefits of the Internet for education in Indonesia. which can provide education accessible to many people. one of which is education. If education is only done in a regular classroom. most recent example is the development of "Cyber Teaching" or virtual teaching. the benefits already mentioned above can be a good reason to make the Internet as an educational infrastructure. the student. Sharring information is also needed in the field of research that studies are not repeated (reinvent the wheel). According to Rosenberg (2001). teacher. from anywhere. development of technology and communication in education. how many people can participate in a class? The number of participants may only be charged 50 people. Such as education all activities are easily accessible via a computer network or the internet that is certainly the case thanks to the satellite which is operated. For Indonesia. In fact no less than economists Peter Drucker said that "Triggered by the internet. (3) of the paper to "on line" or channel.4. Virtual university can be accessed by anyone. (4) physical facilities to network facilities. namely: (1) from training to performance. students anywhere in Indonesia or lecturer can access the best experts in Indonesia and even in the world. Many things as well as the benefits of its existence. continuing adult education may wll Become our greatest growth industry". The results of research in universities and research institutes can be used together to speed up the process of development of science and technology. the teaching process is carried out by using the internet. Geographic boundaries is not an issue anymore. Communication Technology in Education Of the many new discoveries that turned out very broad impact for a human civilization in the various areas of life.) Virtual university scalable characteristics. Another term poluper today is e-learning is a model of learning by using media communication . student. with this development there are five shifts in the learning process.experts at leading universities in Java.

Dr. with a computer.php? Com_conte option = t & task = view & id = 21 & Itemid = 26. Changing role of the teacher or lecturer (teacher) and the student or students (learners) in learning. (Quoted from http :/ / puskom. Distance Learning. tutor or lecturer concerned. e-learning is the use of Internet technology in the delivery of learning in a wide range with a foundation based on three criteria such as: (1) E-learning is networked with the ability to update. there is a kind of educational institution or course guidance tutoring using computer media (internet) to access the materials and exams as well as the test via the Internet. Mohamad Surya). distribute. Changes in the role include: . H.1. Another term that is more popular than the development of communication technology is the virtual system. telephone.. Desktop Videoconferencing and so on. For now.4. (3) Focusing on the most expansive view of learning behind traditional learning paradigms. Nowadays e-learning has evolved in a variety of ICT-based learning model as: CBT (Computer Based Training). many other examples as above but beyond the scope of the school or college. It certainly can facilitate the effectiveness of a learning system. Surely this is a step forward in the context of education. 2) Delivery up to the end users through a computer using standard Internet technology. For example. store. Positive Impact 1. With a library of digital libraries in educational institutions. 2.technology (internet). According to Rosenberg (2001: 28).man3malang. for example. the activity involving virtual community can be a thing that is more widely used in academic environments. In addition to the development of communication technology in education has touched the scope of learning systems in the academic field. photocopiers and all the devices of a communication technology itself can help work the administration or other parts.4. people can access books or literature quickly.. actually have been encroaching on other aspects (although still within the scope of education). CBI (Computer Based Instruction). and share materials or information. where the student or students can access educational materials in more detail rather than through direct interaction (face to face) with a teacher. Prof. In this case. Distance Education. CLE (Cybernetic Learning Environment). The impact on education 2.com/index. internet.

Students are able to access information. there is a person who breaks it. Negative Impact 1. This happens because human labor is no longer tremendously effective and efficient in producing something in a lot of capacity. be providing more alternatives and responsibility to each student in the learning process. Technology can cause human power has no role in either the development of communication technology is increasingly rampant till this moment. Moreover. Of learning as a learning individual with other students. 2. this can happen for example theft of important documents or assets of an undisclosed real educational settings (documents about the final exam or state) by using the internet. Of controlling and directing all aspects of learning. and then only as a learning facilitator. A position that was once as a transmitter of knowledge. collaborator. 2. Of the poverty problem will then appear again unfavorable stability. the attitude of attention from parents also play an important role in instilling values and norms of a religion as a foundation. Students become addicted to the virtual world of the existence of the excess. b. Accelerate a job 4. it will automatically lead to many levels of unemployment. expert material. Especially in the context of the virtual world (internet).4. the main source of information. From passive recipients of information to active participants in the learning process b. actually indirectly they have entered in the free world over. because a lot of crime going on. and learning partners. Of revealed knowledge back to produce a variety of knowledge c.2. This can happen when the students do not have skepticism and critical of something new. It can be concluded . While the role of the student in learning has changed as follows: a. knowledge navigator. When they are struggling with internet aksik. coach. After that of course will increase the level of poverty. Thus it is important to have both a vital attitude as a fortress and filter of all the available resources. Criminal acts (Cyber Crime) In the world of education. and the source of all answers. a little more will ultimately impact on the reduction of human labor.a. 3. anytime. When human labor is no longer used. anywhere. and to anyone or 2. term.

1986 is a hardware equipment in the organizational structure that contains social value that enables individuals to collect. it has also experienced growth. the industrial age and the last time information (quoted from the Perspective of Communication Technology Background & Progress. Of it is also explained that there are three kinds of civilizations according to Alvin Toffler namely. Interconnections between each other. both for students and teachers. Lead to apathy on each individual. the one thing that appears in one area will have an impact also on other areas. 3. Of the former in the days primif still very simple form of communication. Where learning system that does not meet with the student teacher. As well. Students who are less active in the learning system will be indifferent to the task or the material. then growing and growing until finally comes the digital era as it is today. because they are not being watched by people (teachers) but they are only dealing with a computer.that. Communication technologies in education itself is now also experiencing extraordinary change where the presence of sophisticated communication technology has brought a lot of significant impact for the . CHAPTER III CLOSING 3. Whereas communication technology itself according to Rogers.1. Similarly. This can be seen for example in the learning system and the virtual nature of e-learning. agricultural age. in the field of education. process and exchange information. when we talk about communication technology. CONCLUSION Technology is now increasingly experiencing rapid growth in all aspects of human life. Zulkarimein Nasution).

both positive and negative impacts. Makes them a very easy job. it will appear new problems such as cyber crime and so forth.development of education itself. then the education offices provide convenience in data collection and so forth. For every user that has the technology to be critical and skeptical attitude toward communication technologies . it will be very beneficial in life. Over it all. Conversely. the development of communication technology itself remains essentially carry a very wide range of effects. 3.. as well as other matters of a technical nature ie with the computer. Can be seen in the development of such a nature that the learning system of e-learning. Suggestion Information technology is a technology that is very easy for us in terms i including in education. positive side. technology has a negative side as well. When the positive impact a bigger role. when the development of the communication technology more display negative impact. Once we know the impact caused by the development of information and communication technology in we should take advantage of every available technology is good technology a maximum and can also avoid the negative effects that can harm us . The more the technology is getting more and moret so our work becomes easier to do.2.