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2012

Preliminary Course
FINAL EXAMINATION


Mathematics



















General Instructions

o Reading time – 5 minutes
o Working time – 2 hours
o Write using black or blue pen
o Board-approved calculators may be used
o All necessary working should be shown
in every question
Total Marks 70

10 marks
o Attempt Questions 1-10
o Answer on the Multiple Choice
answer sheet provided.
o Allow about 15 minutes for this
section.

60 marks
o Attempt questions 11 – 16
o Answer on the blank paper provided,
unless otherwise instructed. Start a
new sheet for each question.
o Allow about 1¾ hours for this
section
Section II
Section I
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Section I

10 marks
Attempt Questions 1-10
Allow about 15 minutes for this section

Use the multiple choice answer sheet for questions 1 – 10.


1. Evaluate
3.23 × 4.96
2
3.45 + 1.2
2
correct to 3 significant figures.

(A) 16· 2 (B) 16· 3
(C) 24· 4 (D) 24· 5

2. If
2 2
2 2 – 3
= a – b then the values of a and b are:

(A) ÷4 and 12 (B) ÷ 4 and 72
(C) ÷8and 12 (D) ÷8 and 72

3. The solutions to the equation2x
2
– 7x – 2 = 0are:

(A)
–7± 33
4
(B)
–7± 65
4

(C)
7± 33
4
(D)
7± 65
4

4. The domain and range for the function y = 7 – x is

(A) x s 7 ; y > 0 (B) 0 s x s 7 ; y > 0
(C)
x > 0 ; y > 0
(D) All real x, All real y

5. A function is defined by f (x) = x
2
– 4x + 5.
The point on y = f (x) which has a gradient of 2 is:

(A) (3, ÷1) (B) (2, 1)
(C) (3, 2) (D) (2, 3)






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6. The derivative of
2
x
is :

(A) –
2
x
(B) –
1
x

(C) –
2
x
3
(D) –
1
x
3


7. The calculation which would be used to find the value of xis:


(A) 15 tan 36
°
(B) 15 cos 36
°

(C)
15
tan 36
°
(D)
15
cos 36
°



8. The values of k for which the expression –
x
2
4
– x – k is negative definite is:

(A) k < 1 (B) k > 1
(C) k < 4 (D) k > 4

9.








The value of x in the above diagram is:

(A) 42 (B) 69 (C) 111 (D) 138

10. The equation x
2
+ y
2
– 6x + 4y + 6 = 0 represents a circle. The coordinates of the
centre of the circle are:

(A) (3, ÷2)
(B) (÷3, 2)
(C) (÷3, ÷2)
(D) (3, 2)
End of Section I
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Section II

Total Marks (60)
Attempt Questions 11 - 16
Allow about 1¾ hours for this section.

Answer all questions, starting each question on a new sheet of paper, with your name
and question number at the top of the page. Do not write on the back of sheets.
All necessary working should be shown in every question.

Question 11 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) Express 2.3
.
6
.
4 as a rational number in simplest form.

2

(b) Solve:

(i)
5
x + 3
=
3
x


2
(ii) |2x + 1| = 3x + 2

2

(c) Solve the following equations simultaneously:

y = 2x + 4 and y = x
2
+ 1.

2

(d) In a right angled triangle, one of the sides adjacent to the right angle is 6cm
longer than the other. Find the length of all three sides of this triangle if its
area is 216cm
2
.
2

End of Question 11


2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Question 12 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) An interval AB is formed by the points A(÷3, 5) and B(2, ÷3) on the number plane.
(i) Find the gradient of the interval AB. 1
(ii) Find the length of the interval AB. 1
(iii) Show that the equation of the line AB is 8x + 5y – 1 = 0. 1
(iv) Find the equation of the line through C(5, 8) perpendicular to AB. 2
(v) Calculate the distance of the point C from the line AB. 1
(vi) Calculate the area of the triangle ABC. 1
(vii)
Shade the region for which the inequalities 8x + 5y – 20 > 0and y s 0

hold simultaneously.
1

(b) A point P moves so that it is equidistant from the point (5, 3) and the line x = 1.
Find the equation of locus of P.

2

End of Question 12
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Question 13 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) Differentiate:

(i) 3x
2
– 2x – 5

1

(ii) 4 x
3

1

(iii) 5x
\

|
x
2
– 4
.
|
|
4


2

(iv)
2x + 3
4x – 9


2

(b) Find the equation of the normal to the curve y = 2x
2
– 4x + 5 at the point
where x = 3.

2

(c) Evaluate lim
x ÷ 4

x
2
– x – 12
x – 4
.

2

End of Question 13
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Question 14 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) Simplify
1
cosec
2
u
+
1
sec
2
u
+
1
cot
2
u
.

2

(b) If sin u =
7
24

and cos u < 0,find the exact value of sec u .
2

(c) A point P is at the foot of the hill which is inclined at 5
o
to the horizontal. The base
B, of a tower AB, is situated 150 metres up the incline of the hill from P. From the
top of the tower the angle of depression of the point P is 32°.











(i)
Copy the diagram and mark on it the size of ZAPB and of ZPAB. 1
(ii) Find the height of the tower, correct to the nearest metre. 2

(d) Two ships leave a port P at the same time. Ship A travels at 12 km/h on a bearing
of 213°. Ship B travels in a south easterly direction at a speed of 8 km/h.

(i) Draw a diagram to illustrate the relative positions of the two ships after
3 hours.
1
(ii) Calculate the distance between the ships after 3 hours. 2

End of Question 14
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Question 15 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) In the diagram, AB((CD and AB = AC.
The lines AD and BC are perpendicular.
ZBCD = 54°.




(i)
Calculate, giving reasons the size of ZCAD. 2
(ii) Prove that triangle ACD is isosceles. 1

(b) In the triangle PQR, S and T are points on the sides PR and QR respectively such
that ST || PQ.












(i) Prove that the triangles PQR and STR are similar. 2
(ii) Find the value of y. 2

(c) A function is defined as
x ÷5 x > 0
f(x) =

÷ 2 ÷ 3 < x < 0
2 + x x s ÷ 3
Find

(i) f(–1) + f(–5) 1
(ii)
f
\

|
a
2
.
|
|

1

(d) Explain why the functionf(x) = 3x
2
– 2x + 6 is neither odd nor even.

1

End of Question 15

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Question 16 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) Solve x
2
– 5x – 24 s 0

2

(b) If o and | are the roots of the equation 3x
2
+ 5x – 4 = 0 , find

(i)
o|

1
(ii)
o + |

1
(iii)
2o
2
+ 2|
2

1
(iv) 3
o
+
3
|

1

(c) Given the equation (k + 1)x
2
+ (k + 2)x + k = 0 find the value of k if the
equation has equal roots.
2

(d) For the parabola y
2
– 6y – 4x – 15 = 0, find:

(i) The coordinates of the vertex. 1
(ii) The coordinates of the focus. 1

End of Examination.
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Preliminary Final Examination –Mathematics 2012
Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

Name ______________________________

Completely fill the response oval representing the most correct answer.

1. A B C D
2. A B C D
3. A B C D
4. A B C D
5. A B C D
6. A B C D
7. A B C D
8. A B C D
9. A B C D
10. A B C D


2012 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics
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Section I

10 marks
Attempt Questions 1-10
Allow about 15 minutes for this section

Use this multiple choice answer sheet for questions 1 – 10.

Select the alternative A, B, C or D that best answers the question. Fill in the response oval
completely.

Sample

2 + 4 = ? (A) 2 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 9


A B C D


If you think you have made a mistake, put a cross through the incorrect answer and fill in the new
answer.


A B C D


If you change your mind and have crossed out what you consider to be the correct answer, then
indicate this by writing the word correct and drawing an arrow as follows:

correct

A B C D