2012
Preliminary Final
EXAMINATION
Mathematics
SOLUTIONS
Preliminary Examination – Mathematics 2012
Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
Name ______________________________
Completely fill the response oval representing the most correct answer.
1. A B C D
2. A B C D
3. A B C D
4. A B C D
5. A B C D
6. A B C D
7. A B C D
8. A B C D
9. A B C D
10. A B C D
Question 11 Preliminary FinalExamination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a)
2 · 36
4
Let x = 0· 3646464........
10x= 3· 646464....
100x = 36· 464646....
1000x = 364· 646464....
990x = 361
x =
361
990
∴ 2 · 36
4
= 2
361
990
2
1 – working
1  answer
b)
i.
5
+3
=
3
5 = 3 +3
5 = 3 +9
5 −3 = 9
2 = 9
=
9
2
= 4
1
2
2
Lose one mark
per mistake.
ii. 2 + 1 = 3 +2
2 + 1 = −3 +2 2 +1 = 3 +2
2 +1 = −3 −2 2 +1 = 3 +2
2 + 3 = −2 −1 2 −3 = 2 −1
5 = −3 − = 1
= −
3
5
= −1
Check by substitution.
= −1 is not a solution
∴ = −
3
5
is the only solution.
2
1for obtaining
solutions
1 for testing
solutions and
correct result.
c) = 2 +4 − −(1)
=
2
+1 − −(2)
Sub (2) in (1)
2
+1 = 2 +4
2
−2 −3 = 0
−3 +1 = 0
= 3 = −1
Therefore (3, 10) and (÷1, 2)
2
1 for
substitution
1 for solution
d) Let x be one side, other = x + 6
=
1
2
ℎ
=
1
2
+6 = 216
∴
2
+6 = 432
2
+6 −432 = 0
−18 +24 = 0
= 18 = −24
Therefore = 18
Three sides are 18, 24 and 30 by Pythagoras.
2
1 for value of x
1 for the 3
sidelengths
/10
Question 12 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a) i. A(÷3, 5) , B(2, ÷3)
Gradient AB =
2
−
1
2
−
1
=
−3−5
2 − −3
=
−8
5
1
ii. Distance AB =
2
−
1
2
+
2
−
1
2
= 2 − −3
2
+ −3 − 5
2
= 5
2
+ −8
2
= 89 units
1
iii. AB, m = ÷
8
5
B(2, ÷3)
Equation is
−
1
= −
1
−−3 = −
8
5
− 2
5 +15 = −8 +16
8 + 5 −1 = 0
1
iv. Perpendicular to AB, m =
5
8
C(5, 8)
Equation is −
1
= −
1
−
1
= −
1
− 8 =
5
8
− 5
8 − 64 = 5 −25
5 −8 +39 = 0
2
1 – new
gradient
1 – Equation
v. AB: 8 + 5 −1 = 0 C(5, 8)
Distance C to AB
=
+ +
2
+
2
=
85 +58 −1
8
2
+ 5
2
=
79
89
×
89
89
=
7989
89
1
vi. Area =
1
2
ℎ
=
1
2
89
79
89
=
79
2
= 39
1
2
2
1
Question 12 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
vii.
1
b)
D =
2
−
1
2
+
2
−
1
2
− 5
2
+ − 3
2
= − 1
2
+ −
2
− 5
2
+ − 3
2
= −1
2
− 10 +25 +
2
−6 + 9 =
2
−2 +1
2
−6 = 8 −33
2
1 for equating
distances
1 for equation
/10
Question 13 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a)
i.
3
2
−2 −5 = 6 −2
1
ii.
d
dx
\

4 x
3
.


=
d
dx
\

4x
3
2
.


=
3
2
. 4. x
1
2
= 6x
1
2
= 6 x
ii.
5
2
−4
4
Let u = 5xv =
2
−4
4
u' = 5v'= 4
2
−4
3
. 2
= 8
2
−4
3
= ' + '
= 5
2
−4
4
+58
2
−4
3
= 5
2
−4
3
9
2
−4
2
1 – Working
1  Answer
iii.
2+3
4−9
Let u = 2x + 3 v = 4x÷ 9
u' = 2 v'= 4
=
' − '
2
=
4−92 −2+34
4−9
2
=
8−18−8−12
4−9
2
=
−30
4−9
2
2
1 – Working
1  Answer
b) = 2
2
−4 +5 at x = 3
' = 4 − 4
When x = 3,
= ' = 43 −4 = 23
2
−43 +5
= 8 = 18 − 12 +5
y = 11
Normal, = −
1
8
−
1
= −
1
− 11 = −
1
8
− 3
8 − 88 = − +3
+8 −91 = 0
2
1 – Gradient and
point
1  Equation
c)
lim
→ 4
2
− − 12
− 4
= lim
→ 4
−4+3
− 4
= lim
→ 4
+3
= 4 + 3
= 7
2
1 – Factorising
1  Answer
/10
Question 14 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a)
1
2
+
1
2
+
1
2
=
2
+
2
+
2
= 1 +
2
=
2
2
1 off for each
incorrect step.
b)
By Pythagoras
24 7 24
2
=
2
+ 7
2
576 =
2
+ 49
A 576 ÷ 49 =
2
= 527
=
ℎ
=
24
527
In 2
nd
quad
sec = −
24
527
2
1 – Use of
Pythagoras to
find x.
1 – Correct ratio
including sign
(exact form).
c) i)
1`
1 – diagram with
58 and 27 angles
shown
Question 14 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
ii) Using the sin rule:
=
=
ℎ
27
=
150
58
ℎ =
150 27
58
ℎ = 80 ( )
2
1 – Sine Rule
1 – Correct
answer
d) i
1
ii.
2
=
2
+
2
−2
2
= 36
2
+ 24
2
−23624 78
2
= 1512 · 728598
d = 38· 89381182
d = 38· 9 nautical miles (3sf)
2
1 – use of cosine
rule
1 – answer
/10
Question 15 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a) i. In Triangle COD,
ZCOD = 90° (AD ± BC, given)
ZODC = 36° (Angle sum of ACOD)
ZABC = ZBCD = 54°(Alternate angles AB((CD)
ZBCA = 54° (Base angles of isosceles AABC)
ZCAD = 180 ÷ 36 ÷ 118 = 36° (Angle sum of
AACD )
2
Other proofs
possible
Deduct 1 for
incomplete
solution, or if a
minor error
ii. In Triangle ACD,
ZCAD = ZODC = 36° (Proven Above)
AACD is isosceles (Two equal Angles)
1
b) i. In A ABC andA DEC
ZC in common
ZABC = ZDEC (corresponding angles AB(( DE)
ZBAC = ZEDC (corresponding angles AB(( DE)
AABC (((A EDC (Equiangular)
2
1 – steps
1 – reasons
shown
ii. Since AABC (((A EDC
sides are in proportion.
+2
=
7
11
11 = 7 +2
11 = 7 + 14
4 = 14
=
14
4
= 3
1
2
2
1 – proportion
1 – value of y
c) i. −1 +−5 = −2 + 2 −5
= ÷ 2 + ÷ 3
= ÷5
1
ii.
2
=
2
−5 1
d) = 3
2
−2 +6
− = 3−
2
− 2− +6
− = 3
2
+ 2 +6
− ≠ ≠ −
Neither odd of Even.
1
Working must
be shown for
full marks.
/10
Question 16 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(a)
x
2
– 5x – 24 s 0
First solve x
2
– 5x – 24 = 0
(x – 8)(x + 3) = 0
x = 8 or x = –3
Test x = 0
0
2
– 5(0) – 24 s 0
–24 s 0 True
Solution is – 3 s x s 8
2 1 for values of
boundaries
1 for correct
inequality
b) 3
2
+5 −4 = 0,
i. =
=
−4
3
1
ii. + =
−
=
−5
3
1
iii. 2
2
+2
2
= 2
2
+
2
= 2 +
2
−2
= 2
−5
3
2
−2
−4
3
= 10
8
9
1
iv.
3
+
3
=
3+
=
3
−5
3
−4
3
= 3
3
4
1
(c) +1
2
+ +2 + = 0
Equal Roots if A = 0
i.e.
2
− 4 = 0
+2
2
−4 +1 = 0
2
+4 +4 −4
2
−4 = 0
−3
2
+4 = 0
∴ 3
2
= 4
2
=
4
3
= ±
2
3
= ±
23
3
2
1 – Working
1 – Answer
d) i.
2
−6 −4 − 15 = 0
2
−6 = 4 +15
2
−6 +9 = 4 +15 +9
−3
2
= 4 +24
−3
2
= 4 +6
Vertex = (6, 3)
1
ii. 4a = 4
a = 1
Focus = (6 + 1, 3)
(5, 3)
1
Question 16 Preliminary Final Examination Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
/10