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WESTERN REGION

2012
Preliminary Final
EXAMINATION



Mathematics



SOLUTIONS























Preliminary Examination – Mathematics 2012
Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

Name ______________________________

Completely fill the response oval representing the most correct answer.

1. A B C D
2. A B C D
3. A B C D
4. A B C D
5. A B C D
6. A B C D
7. A B C D
8. A B C D
9. A B C D
10. A B C D



Question 11 Preliminary FinalExamination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a)
2 · 36

4

Let x = 0· 3646464........
10x= 3· 646464....
100x = 36· 464646....
1000x = 364· 646464....
990x = 361
x =
361
990
∴ 2 · 36

4

= 2
361
990



2

1 – working

1 - answer
b)
i.
5
+3
=
3

5 = 3 +3
5 = 3 +9
5 −3 = 9
2 = 9
=
9
2
= 4
1
2




2
Lose one mark
per mistake.
ii. 2 + 1 = 3 +2
2 + 1 = −3 +2 2 +1 = 3 +2
2 +1 = −3 −2 2 +1 = 3 +2
2 + 3 = −2 −1 2 −3 = 2 −1
5 = −3 − = 1
= −
3
5
= −1
Check by substitution.
= −1 is not a solution
∴ = −
3
5
is the only solution.




2


1for obtaining
solutions



1 for testing
solutions and
correct result.
c) = 2 +4 − −(1)
=
2
+1 − −(2)
Sub (2) in (1)

2
+1 = 2 +4

2
−2 −3 = 0
−3 +1 = 0
= 3 = −1
Therefore (3, 10) and (÷1, 2)



2



1 for
substitution


1 for solution
d) Let x be one side, other = x + 6
=
1
2

=
1
2
+6 = 216

2
+6 = 432

2
+6 −432 = 0
−18 +24 = 0
= 18 = −24
Therefore = 18
Three sides are 18, 24 and 30 by Pythagoras.






2




1 for value of x



1 for the 3
sidelengths

/10


Question 12 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a) i. A(÷3, 5) , B(2, ÷3)
Gradient AB =

2

1

2

1
=
−3−5
2 − −3
=
−8
5


1


ii. Distance AB =
2

1

2
+
2

1

2

= 2 − −3
2
+ −3 − 5
2

= 5
2
+ −8
2

= 89 units


1


iii. AB, m = ÷
8
5
B(2, ÷3)
Equation is

1
= −
1

−−3 = −
8
5
− 2
5 +15 = −8 +16
8 + 5 −1 = 0





1


iv. Perpendicular to AB, m =
5
8
C(5, 8)
Equation is −
1
= −
1


1
= −
1

− 8 =
5
8
− 5
8 − 64 = 5 −25
5 −8 +39 = 0



2

1 – new
gradient

1 – Equation
v. AB: 8 + 5 −1 = 0 C(5, 8)
Distance C to AB
=
+ +

2
+
2

=
85 +58 −1
8
2
+ 5
2

=
79
89
×
89
89
=
7989
89





1


vi. Area =
1
2

=
1
2
89
79
89
=
79
2
= 39
1
2

2


1

Question 12 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment

vii.







1

b)
D =
2

1

2
+
2

1

2

− 5
2
+ − 3
2
= − 1
2
+ −
2

− 5
2
+ − 3
2
= −1

2
− 10 +25 +
2
−6 + 9 =
2
−2 +1

2
−6 = 8 −33




2
1 for equating
distances


1 for equation

/10


Question 13 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a)
i.

3
2
−2 −5 = 6 −2
1
ii.
d
dx
\

|
4 x
3
.
|
|
=
d
dx
\

|
4x
3
2
.
|
|
=
3
2
. 4. x
1
2
= 6x
1
2
= 6 x


ii.

5
2
−4
4

Let u = 5xv =
2
−4
4

u' = 5v'= 4
2
−4
3
. 2
= 8
2
−4
3

= ' + '
= 5
2
−4
4
+58
2
−4
3

= 5
2
−4
3
9
2
−4



2


1 – Working

1 - Answer

iii.

2+3
4−9

Let u = 2x + 3 v = 4x÷ 9
u' = 2 v'= 4

=
' − '

2

=
4−92 −2+34
4−9
2

=
8−18−8−12
4−9
2

=
−30
4−9
2



2


1 – Working

1 - Answer
b) = 2
2
−4 +5 at x = 3
' = 4 − 4
When x = 3,
= ' = 43 −4 = 23
2
−43 +5
= 8 = 18 − 12 +5
y = 11
Normal, = −
1
8


1
= −
1

− 11 = −
1
8
− 3
8 − 88 = − +3
+8 −91 = 0




2





1 – Gradient and
point



1 - Equation

c)
lim
→ 4

2
− − 12
− 4

= lim
→ 4
−4+3
− 4

= lim
→ 4
+3
= 4 + 3
= 7


2


1 – Factorising

1 - Answer

/10


Question 14 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a)
1

2

+
1

2

+
1

2

=
2
+
2
+
2

= 1 +
2

=
2



2

1 off for each
incorrect step.
b)
By Pythagoras
24 7 24
2
=
2
+ 7
2

576 =
2
+ 49
A 576 ÷ 49 =
2

= 527
=

=
24
527

In 2
nd
quad

sec = −
24
527






2



1 – Use of
Pythagoras to
find x.

1 – Correct ratio
including sign
(exact form).
c) i)











1`




1 – diagram with
58 and 27 angles
shown





Question 14 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment

ii) Using the sin rule:


=


=





27
=
150
58


ℎ =
150 27
58

ℎ = 80 ( )




2

1 – Sine Rule





1 – Correct
answer
d) i














1

ii.
2
=
2
+
2
−2

2
= 36
2
+ 24
2
−23624 78

2
= 1512 · 728598
d = 38· 89381182
d = 38· 9 nautical miles (3sf)



2


1 – use of cosine
rule
1 – answer

/10



Question 15 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
a) i. In Triangle COD,
ZCOD = 90° (AD ± BC, given)
ZODC = 36° (Angle sum of ACOD)

ZABC = ZBCD = 54°(Alternate angles AB((CD)
ZBCA = 54° (Base angles of isosceles AABC)

ZCAD = 180 ÷ 36 ÷ 118 = 36° (Angle sum of
AACD )




2

Other proofs
possible

Deduct 1 for
incomplete
solution, or if a
minor error

ii. In Triangle ACD,
ZCAD = ZODC = 36° (Proven Above)

AACD is isosceles (Two equal Angles)



1

b) i. In A ABC andA DEC
ZC in common
ZABC = ZDEC (corresponding angles AB(( DE)
ZBAC = ZEDC (corresponding angles AB(( DE)

AABC (((A EDC (Equiangular)




2

1 – steps

1 – reasons
shown
ii. Since AABC (((A EDC
sides are in proportion.

+2
=
7
11

11 = 7 +2
11 = 7 + 14
4 = 14
=
14
4
= 3
1
2






2

1 – proportion

1 – value of y
c) i. −1 +−5 = −2 + 2 −5
= ÷ 2 + ÷ 3
= ÷5

1

ii.
2
=
2
−5 1
d) = 3
2
−2 +6
− = 3−
2
− 2− +6
− = 3
2
+ 2 +6
− ≠ ≠ −
Neither odd of Even.


1
Working must
be shown for
full marks.

/10



Question 16 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(a)
x
2
– 5x – 24 s 0

First solve x
2
– 5x – 24 = 0
(x – 8)(x + 3) = 0
x = 8 or x = –3

Test x = 0

0
2
– 5(0) – 24 s 0
–24 s 0 True

Solution is – 3 s x s 8

2 1 for values of
boundaries

1 for correct
inequality
b) 3
2
+5 −4 = 0,

i. =

=
−4
3




1


ii. + =

=
−5
3


1
iii. 2
2
+2
2
= 2
2
+
2

= 2 +
2
−2
= 2
−5
3

2
−2
−4
3

= 10
8
9



1


iv.
3

+
3

=
3+

=
3
−5
3

−4
3
= 3
3
4

1
(c) +1
2
+ +2 + = 0
Equal Roots if A = 0
i.e.
2
− 4 = 0
+2
2
−4 +1 = 0

2
+4 +4 −4
2
−4 = 0
−3
2
+4 = 0
∴ 3
2
= 4

2
=
4
3

= ±
2
3
= ±
23
3





2





1 – Working

1 – Answer
d) i.
2
−6 −4 − 15 = 0

2
−6 = 4 +15

2
−6 +9 = 4 +15 +9
−3
2
= 4 +24
−3
2
= 4 +6
Vertex = (-6, 3)



1

ii. 4a = 4
a = 1
Focus = (-6 + 1, 3)
(-5, 3)


1

Question 16 Preliminary Final Examination- Mathematics 2012
Part Solution Marks Comment

/10