2012
Preliminary Final
EXAMINATION
Mathematics  Extension 1
SOLUTIONS
Preliminary Examination – Mathematics Extension 1 2012
Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
Name ______________________________
Completely fill the response oval representing the most correct answer.
1. A B C D
2. A B C D
3. A B C D
4. A B C D
5. A B C D
6. A B C D
7. A B C D
8. A B C D
9. A B C D
10. A B C D
Question 11 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(a)
16
4 – x
=
1
8
x
\

2
4
.


4 – x
= 2
3x
2
16 – 4x
= 2
3x
16 – 4x = 3x
x = 16
2
1
1
(b)
3y = 2x + 4 y = 3x + 7
y =
2
3
x +
4
3
m
2
= 3
m
1
=
2
3
tan u =
¦
¦
¦ m
1
– m
2
1 + m
1
m
2
¦
¦
¦
tan u =
¦
¦
¦
¦
¦
2
3
– 3
1 +
2
3
× 3
¦
¦
¦
¦
¦
tan u =
¦
¦
¦
–
7
9
¦
¦
¦
u = 37
°
52' = 38
°
(nearest degree)
Obtuse angle is 142
°
2
1 for correctly
substituting
gradients into
formulae.
1 for obtuse
angle
(c)
x
2
– 4
x
> 0
x
2
\

x
2
– 4
.


x
> 0 × x
2
x(x – 2)(x + 2) > 0
– 2 < x < 0, x > 2
2
1
1 for correct
solution
Question 11 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(d)
y' = uv' + vu'
y' = x ×
1
2 x – 1
+ x – 1 × 1 at x = 5, y = 10
m =
5
2 4
+ 4
m =
13
4
y – 10 =
13
4
(x – 5)
4y – 40 = 13x – 65
13x – 4y – 25 = 0
2
1 for gradient
1 for equation
(e)
P(2) = 2
3
+ 2
2
– a = 4 P(x) = x
3
+ x
2
– 8
12 – a = 4 P(0) = 8
a = 8
2 1 for a
1 for P(0)
/10
Question 12 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(a) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
16
C
8
= 12870
6
C
4
×
10
C
4
= 3150
5
C
3
×
9
C
4
= 1260
1
1
1
(b)
Couples sitting together = 4! × 2
4
= 384
Total arrangements of Ben and Gaby not as couple
= 5! × 2
3
= 960
Ben and Gaby apart = 960384 =576
2 1 for
arrangements
sitting
together
1 for answer
(c)
o +  + ¸ = –
a
1
= – a
1
o
+
1

+
1
¸
=
¸ + o¸ + o
o¸
=
b
– ab
= –
1
a
(o +  + ¸)
\

1
o
+
1

+
1
¸
.


= – a × –
1
a
= 1
2
1
1
Or any other
correct
alternate
method
(d)(i)
(ii)
x
4
+ 4 ÷
\

x
2
+ a
.


2
– (bx)
2
÷ x
4
+
\

2a – b
2
.


x
2
+ a
2
2a – b
2
= 0 equating coeff of x
2
a
2
= 4 constant term
from Since b
2
= 2a, a = 2 since a > 0
b = ±2
x
4
+ 4 ÷
\

x
2
+ 2
.


2
– (2x)
2
=
¹
´
¦
\

x
2
+ 2
.


+ 2x
)
`
¹
¹
´
¦
\

x
2
+ 2
.


– 2x
)
`
¹
=
\

x
2
+ 2x + 2
.


\

x
2
– 2x + 2
.


2
1
1 for a
1 for b
/10
Question 13 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(a)
prove true for n = 1
7
2
– 3
3
= 49 – 27 = 22 div by 11
assume true for n = k
7
2k
– 3
3k
= 11M where M is an integer
7
2k
= 11M + 3
3k
prove true for n = k+1
7
2(k + 1)
– 3
3(k + 1)
= 7
2k + 2
– 3
3k + 3
= 49 × 7
2k
– 27 × 3
3k
= 49
\

11M + 3
3k
.


– 27 × 3
3k
= 11 × 49M + 49 × 3
3k
– 27 × 3
3k
= 11 × 49M + 22 × 3
3k
= 11
\

49M + 2 × 3
3k
.


= 11P where P is an integer true for n=k+1
It is true when n=1 and so it is true when n=2 and so on.
Hence it is true for all n, a positive integer.
3
1
1
1
Question 13 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(b)
(i)
The exterior angle of a triangle ( A ALC) is equal to the sum of the
opposite interior angles.
3
1
(ii)
ZABC = ZBAC = u (base angles of isos AACB)
ZAYC = ZABC = u (angles standing on the same arc are equal )
ZAYX = ZACX = o (angles standing on the same arc are equal )
1
(iii)
ZXYM = o + u (all shown above)
= ZCLB
= o + u YMLX is a cyclic quadrilateral.
(exterior angle of cyclic quad is equal to opp interior angle)
1
Question 13 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(c)
let ZYXN = ZZXN = o (given)
let ZMXZ = u
ZMXZ = ZXYN (Z in alt segment equal to Z
= u between chord and tangent )
ZXNZ = u + o (ext Z of AXYN equal to sum of interior opp Z s)
ZMXN = ZMXZ + ZZXN (adjacent Zs)
= u + o
ZMXN = ZXNZ (baseZs isosceles AMXN)
MX= MN (sides of isosceles A)
4
1
1
1
1
/10
Question 14 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(a)
tan 60
°
=
CB
h
tan 30
°
=
DB
h
CB = htan 60
°
DB = htan 30
°
CD
2
= CB
2
+ BD
2
– 2CB. BD cos 110
°
CD
2
=
\

htan 60
°
.


2
+
\

htan 30
°
.


2
– 2
\

htan 60
°
.


\

htan 30
°
.


cos 110
°
CD
2
= h
2
\

tan
2
60
°
+ tan
2
30
°
– 2tan 60
°
tan 30
°
cos 110
°
.


h
2
=
850
2
4.01737362
h
2
= 179843.8653
h = 424.08metres
3
1 for CB
and DB
1 for Cosine
Rule
1 answer
Question 14 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(b)
LHS= tan
\

45
°
+
u
2
.


=
tan 45
°
+ tan
u
2
1 – tan 45
°
tan
u
2
=
1 + t
1 – t
since t = tan
u
2
RHS=
1 + sin u
cos u
=
1 +
2t
1 + t
2
1 – t
2
1 + t
2
=
1 + t
2
+ 2t
1 + t
2
1 – t
2
1 + t
2
=
(1 + t)
2
(1 – t)(1 + t)
=
1 + t
1 – t
tan
\

45
°
+
u
2
.


=
1 + sin u
cos u
3
1 for
definition
1 for
definitions
1 for
simplificati
on
Question 14 Preliminary HSC Trial Examination
Mathematics Extension 1
2012
Part Solution Marks Comment
(c)(i)
1 – cos 2u
1 + cos 2u
=
1 –
\

1 – 2sin
2
u
.


1 +
\

2cos
2
u – 1
.


=
2sin
2
u
2cos
2
u
= tan
2
u
2
1
1
(ii)
tan
2
22
1
2
°
=
1 – cos 45
°
1 + cos 45
°
=
1 –
1
2
1 +
1
2
=
2 – 1
2
2 + 1
2
=
2 – 1
2 + 1
×
2 – 1
2 – 1
tan
2
22
1
2
°
=
\

2 – 1
.


2
2 – 1
=
\

2 – 1
.


2
tan 22
1
2
°
= 2 – 1
2 1
1
Or alternate
method eg
forming
quadratic
equation
/10