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2012

Preliminary Course
FINAL EXAMINATION

Mathematics
Extension 1

General Instructions

o Reading time – 5 minutes
o Working time – 1½ hours
o Write using black or blue pen
o Board-approved calculators may be used
o A table of standard integrals is provided
at the back of this paper
o All necessary working should be shown
in every question
Total Marks 50

10 marks
o Attempt Questions 1-10
o Answer on the Multiple Choice
o Allow about 15 minutes for this
section.

40 marks
o Attempt questions 11 – 14
o Answer on the blank paper provided,
unless otherwise instructed. Start a
new sheet for each question.
o Allow about 1¼ hours for this
section
Section II
Section I
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
2

Section I

10 marks
Attempt Questions 1-10
Allow about 15 minutes for this section

Use the multiple choice answer sheet for questions 1 – 10.

1. Factorise 54x
3
+ 16

(A) 2(3x + 2)
\

|
9x
2
+ 6x + 4
.
|
|

(B) 2(3x + 2)
\

|
9x
2
– 6x + 4
.
|
|

(C) 2(3x + 2)
\

|
9x
2
– 12x + 4
.
|
|

(D) 2(3x + 2)
\

|
3x
2
– 6x + 4
.
|
|

2. State the largest possible domain of the function:

f(x) = x + 3 – 3 – x

(A) x s – 3, x > 3
(B) x > 3
(C) -3 s x s 3
(D) x > – 3, x > 3

3. Simplify
sin
\

|
180
°
+ u
.
|
|
cos
\

|
90
°
– u
.
|
|
.

(A) tan u
(B) 1
(C) -1
(D) tan
\

|
90
°
– u
.
|
|

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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4. Evaluate lim
x ÷ 2

x
3
– 8
x – 2

(A) 0
(B) undefined
(C) 4
(D) 12

5. Find the number of ways the letters of the word RHOMBUS can be arranged in a
straight line so that the vowels are together.

(A) 720
(B) 5040
(C) 1440
(D) 360

6. Find the Cartesian equation formed from the parametric equations:

y =
1
t – 1
and x = t
2
– 2t + 1

(A) x =
1
y
2

(B) y =
1
x

(C) x =
1
y

(D) y =
1
x
2

7. A(-7,5) and B(3,1) are two points. Find the coordinates of the point P which divides the interval
AB externally in the ratio 3:1.

(A) (-12, 7)
(B) (-1, 4)
(C) (8, -1)
(D) (
1
2
, 2)

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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8. The sketch of the graph f(x) =
|x|
x
for x = 0 is:

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

9. Given that sin o =
1
4
, find the value of cos 2o.

(A)
1
2

(B)
7
8

(C)
3
4

(D)
2 15
16

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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10. If 2
x
= 5
y
= 10
z
then z = ?

(A)
xy
x + y

(B)
x + y
xy

(C)
1
x
+
1
y

(D)
1
x

1
y

End of Section 1
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Section II

Total Marks (40)
Attempt Questions 11 - 14
Allow about 1¼ hours for this section.

Answer all questions, starting each question on a new sheet of paper with your name and
question number at the top of the page. Do not write on the back of sheets.
All necessary working should be shown in every question.

Question 11 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks
(a) Solve 16
4 – x
=
1
8
x
.

2
(b) Find the obtuse angle between the lines 2x – 3y + 4 = 0 and y = 3x + 7.

2
(c) Solve
x
2
– 4
x
> 0, for x = 0.

2
(d) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y = x x – 1 at the point where
x = 5.

2
(e) When P(x) = x
3
+ x
2
– a is divided by x – 2 the remainder is 4. Find the
remainder when P(x) is divided by x.

2
End of Question 11

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Question 12 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks

(a) (i) How many different committees of 8 people can be chosen from 16? 1
(ii) How many different committees of 8 people with equal numbers of men and
women can be chosen if there are 6 women and 10 men?
1
(iii) How many different committees of 8 people with equal numbers of men and
women can be chosen if there are 6 women and 10 men and Sue was chosen
and Peter was not chosen?
1

(b) Ben and Gaby go to the picture theatre with 3 other couples. They sit together as a
group in a single row. Outside the theatre they have an argument and decided they
do not want to sit together.
How many arrangements are possible if the other couples are still sitting together?
2

(c)
The equation x
3
+ ax
2
+ bx + ab = 0, where a = 0 and b = 0, has three real
roots o, | and ¸ .
Show that (o + | + ¸)
\

|
1
o
+
1
|
+
1
¸
.
|
|
= 1.
2

(d)
(i) Find any values of a and b such that x
4
+ 4 ÷
\

|
x
2
+ a
.
|
|
2
– (bx)
2
.
(ii) Hence express x
4
+ 4 as a product of two quadratic factors.

2

1

End of Question 12
2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Question 13 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks

(a) Prove by Mathematical Induction that 7
2n
– 3
3n
is divisible by 11.
3

(b) In the diagram A, B and C are 3 points on the circle. CX and CY are chords cutting
AB at L and M respectively. AC=CB, ZCAB = u and ZACX = o.
Copy the diagram onto your paper.

(i) State why ZCLB = u + o. 1

(ii) Explain why ZAYC = u and ZAYX = o. 1
(iii) Prove that XYML is a cyclic Quadrilateral.

1

Question 13 continued on next page

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Question 13 continued

(c) In the diagram X,Y and Z are 3 points on the circle. The tangent to the circle at X meets
YZ produced at M. N is a point on YZ such that XN bisects ZZXY.

Show that MX = MN, giving reasons.

Marks

4
End of Question 13

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Question 14 (10 marks) Start a new sheet of writing paper. Marks

(a) In the diagram, the points B, C and D are in the same plane. A is a point
vertically above point B. Points C and D are 850 metres apart and ZCBD is
110°.

If ZCAB is 60° and ZDAB is 30° find the height of A above B.

3
(b) If t = tan
u
2
and using the expansion for tan(A + B) show that:
tan
\

|
45
°
+
u
2
.
|
|
=
1 + sinu
cosu
.

3
(c) (i) Show that
1 – cos 2x
1 + cos 2x
= tan
2
x.
2

(ii) Hence or otherwise, show that the exact value of tan 22
1
2
°
= 2 – 1.

2
End of Examination

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Preliminary Examination – Extension 1 Mathematics 2012

Name ______________________________

Completely fill the response oval representing the most correct answer.

1. A B C D
2. A B C D
3. A B C D
4. A B C D
5. A B C D
6. A B C D
7. A B C D
8. A B C D
9. A B C D
10. A B C D

2012 Preliminary Final Examination Extension 1 Mathematics
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Section I

10 marks
Attempt Questions 1-10
Allow about 15 minutes for this section

Use this multiple choice answer sheet for questions 1 – 10.

Select the alternative A, B, C or D that best answers the question. Fill in the response oval completely.

Sample

2 + 4 = ? (A) 2 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 9

A B C D

If you think you have made a mistake, put a cross through the incorrect answer and fill in the new answer.

A B C D

If you change your mind and have crossed out what you consider to be the correct answer, then indicate this
by writing the word correct and drawing an arrow as follows:

correct

A B C D