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Marafiq Gas Distribution Department

Hazardous Chemical Awareness
By: Masood Alam Farooqui Operations Supervisor

Agenda
• • • • • Definition, Roles and Responsibilities, Procedure Chart, Classification of Hazardous Chemicals. Ethyl Mercaptan, – Specification, – MSDS, – Hazards, – Safety, – Handling & Storage . Nitrogen, – Specification, – MSDS, – Hazards, – Safety, – Handling & Storage . Natural Gas
Note: covered in separate awareness presentation.

Definitions
MARAFIQ OHSMS Substance Hazardous to Health – means any chemical, substance either natural or artificial in a liquid, solid, and gaseous or vapor form, including preparations and microorganisms capable of causing adverse health effects or disease arising from work activities. INTERNATIONAL OHSMS Hazardous and toxic substances are defined as “Those chemicals present in the workplace which are capable of causing harm.” In this definition, the term chemicals includes dusts, mixtures, and common materials such as paints, fuels, and solvents. OSHA currently regulates exposure to approximately 400 substances.

Roles & Responsibilities

#1

Department Manager – will nominate a Hazardous Chemicals Controller and one or more deputies to manage hazardous substances within their department. – will nominate one or more persons to assist the Hazardous Chemicals Controller in carrying out hazardous substance risk assessments. – will ensure that their employees are informed of the hazards they face from hazardous substances and the control measures required to work safely. Superintendents , Supervisors & Line Managers – will co-operate with their department’s Hazardous Chemicals Controller to ensure that all substances used or produced within their sections are included in the inventory of hazardous substances and that they are risk assessed. – will ensure that any control measures identified by the risk assessment process are implemented within their sections. – responsibility includes the storage of hazardous substances will ensure that they are stored and handled in a safe and controlled manner. – will communicate control measures to their employees and ensure that appropriate PPE and RPE are made available and are maintained. – will ensure that the control measures are applied correctly and that the PPE, RPE and other equipment required is provided.

Roles & Responsibilities • #2 Hazardous Chemicals Controller (and deputies) – will establish an inventory of the hazardous chemicals and substances available or produced within their department. equipment and people exposed and will be updated whenever a new substance is acquired. • Hazardous Substance Risk Assessors – will use the information from MSDSs. processes. locations. – will use best practice to identify hazards and appropriate control measures. – will clearly link the substances. . from the proposed work location and method of use or application to assess the risks from hazardous chemicals and substances used. They will record the significant findings from their risk assessments. – If a substance is used in more than one area or process then an assessment must be carried out for each area or process. present or generated on Marafiq controlled sites. – will also maintain copies of the associated MSDSs and copies of all completed hazardous substance risk assessments.

Roles & Responsibilities • #3 Employees – No employee may bring on to a Marafiq site or use any hazardous chemical or substance for which a MSDS is not available and a risk assessment has not been completed. . – All employees will seek information on any hazardous substances they use from their line-manager and will abide by the precautions described in the SOPs and method statements communicated to them.

Procedure Chart Step 1 Hazardous substance proposed Step 2 Obtain MSDS Step 3 Original intended use. information and instruction Step 8 Implement Static Control Measures Step 9 Write method statement for specific use Step 6 Identify correct PPE and RPE Step 7 Provide training. identify control measures Step 11 Additional use. information and instruction Step 10 Implement task-specific control measures . storage and application Step 4 Assess the risks. storage or application Step 5 Write SOPs for static operations Step 6 Identify correct PPE and RPE Step 7 Provide training.

Classification of Chemicals Hazard Chemicals Hazards Physical Hazards Health Hazards Environmental Hazards .

• Oxidizing Liquids. Gases Under Pressure. • Pyrophoric Solids. • Oxidizing Solids. • Organic Peroxides. • Flammable Solids. • Self-Heating Substances. • Pyrophoric Liquids. • Flammable Liquids. • Corrosive to Metals. in contact with water emit flammable gases.Classification of Hazardous Chemicals (Physical Hazards) • • • • • Explosives. • Substances which. • Self-Reactive Substances. Oxidizing Gases. . Flammable Aerosols. Flammable Gases.

Classification of Hazardous Chemicals (Health Hazards) • • • • • • • • • • Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Respiratory or Skin Sensitization Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive Toxicology Target Organ Systemic Toxicity .Repeated Exposure Aspiration Toxicity .Single Exposure Target Organ Systemic Toxicity .

Classification of Hazardous Chemicals (Environmental Hazards) • Hazardous to the Aquatic ) Environment – Acute aquatic toxicity – Chronic aquatic toxicity • Bioaccumulation potential • Rapid degradability .

Hazardous Chemical Awareness ETHYL MERCAPTAN (ODORIZING AGENT) .

ethanethiol.4 Specific Gravity @ 20 C Vapor Pressure @ 20 C Molecular Weight NFPA CODE 0.839 440. thioethyl alcohol.mercaptoethane. Limit (%) 2. ethyl sulphhydrate.286 mmHg 62. ethyl sulfhydrate. ethyl hydrosulfide. C2H5SH. Limit (%) Upper Exp.Specification Heading Trade Name Chemical Name Synonyms Description Ethyl Mercaptan Ethanethiol C2-H6-S. Stenching agent for L.2 4 2 1 . ethyl hydrosulphide.8 18. thioethanol. Liquid 95 <-0.P. ethyl thioalcohol.14 State (@ 25oC) Boiling Range (°F) Flash Point (°F) Auto-ignition Temp (°F) 572 Lower Exp.G.

MSDS .

HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT) .Ethyl Mercaptan HAZARDS (PHYSICAL.

Severe explosion hazard. sulfur oxides (SOx). Contains low boiling substance: Closed containers may rupture due to pressure buildup under fire conditions. when exposed to flame or spark. On combustion. in the form of vapor. Severe fire hazard when exposed to heat. may emit toxic fumes of carbon monoxide (CO) Combustion products include: carbon dioxide (CO2). Vapor may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition.Hazard -Physical • • • • • • • • • Liquid and vapor are highly flammable. . other pyrolysis products typical of burning organic material. Vapor forms an explosive mixture with air. Heating may cause expansion / decomposition with violent rupture of containers. flame and/or oxidizers.

itching. for example. • SKIN – – – – – – – – There is some evidence to suggest that the material may cause mild but significant inflammation of the skin either following direct contact or after a delay of some time. Moderate inflammation may be expected with redness. swelling.Hazard -Health • SWALLOWED – – Accidental ingestion of the material may be harmful. conjunctivitis may occur with prolonged exposure. . Not expected to be harmful to internal organs if absorbed through the skin. Examine the skin prior to the use of the material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected. may produce systemic injury with harmful effects. cuts. Open cuts. swelling and blistering. animal experiments indicate that ingestion of less than 150 gram may be fatal or may produce serious damage to the health of the individual. abrasions or lesions. The degree of the injury produced by ethyl mercaptan will depend on the amount of material that gets onto the skin and the speed and thoroughness of the first aid treatment. abraded or irritated skin should not be exposed to this material. Entry into the blood-stream. • EYE – – There is some evidence that material may produce eye irritation in some persons and produce eye damage 24 hours or more after instillation. discoloration. through. Repeated exposure can cause contact dermatitis which is characterized by redness. Symptoms may include pain. and blistering.

depression of breathing. may be harmful. and fatigue. mouth and nose. . – Sub-chronic inhalation studies with rabbits. coma and death. – Human volunteers exposed to ethyl Mercaptan at 10 mg/m3 (4 ppm) for 5-10 days experienced a rise in olfactory threshold and altered taste reaction to bitter and sweet substances. 40 ppm was considered to be the threshold effect concentration. periodic nausea. Before starting consider control of exposure by mechanical ventilation. – The use of a quantity of material in an unventilated or confined space may result in increased exposure and an irritating atmosphere developing. rats and mice (100 mg/m3 . fumes). Exposure to high levels may result in nausea.40 ppm for 5 months) showed minimal deviation in cardiovascular – system regulation and organ weights. The body's response to such irritation can cause further lung damage. irritation of mucous membranes of the lips. – Thiols (particularly ethyl Mercaptan) produce lethargy or sleepiness. bluing of skin. – There is some evidence to suggest that the material can cause respiratory irritation in some persons.Hazard -Health • INHALED – Inhalation of vapors or aerosols (mists. generated by the material during the course of normal handling. – Exposure to lower levels (1 mg/m3 . muscle incoordination and or paralysis.0. vomiting.5 ppm) did not elicit unpleasant symptoms. restlessness.

kidneys and liver.Hazard -Health • Limited evidence suggests that repeated or long-term occupational exposure may produce cumulative health effects involving organs. . or. • Chronic exposure to mercaptans may result in damage to the lungs. biochemical systems.

The mercaptans exhibit high to moderate toxicities towards aquatic species. there is little evidence of bio-concentration or bio-magnification through the food chain. Sorption to is though to be low. the extent of sorption however may be directly correlated to the level of organic material within different soil types Biodegradation processes involving methanogen bacteria may occur. Volatilization is expected to be an important transport process for these mercaptans in water.Hazard -Environment • • • • • • • Very toxic to aquatic organisms. Do not contaminate water when cleaning equipment or disposing of equipment wash-waters. Do NOT allow product to come in contact with surface waters or to intertidal areas below the mean high water mark. Wastes resulting from use of the product must be disposed of on site or at approved waste sites. The lower molecular weight mercaptans exhibit high vapor pressure and therefore surface transport (by volatilization) to the atmosphere is expected to be an important fate process. DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways. Alkyl mercaptans are expected to exist primarily in the vapor-phase in where readily degrade readily in the atmosphere due to reaction with photo-chemically produced hydroxyl radicals. . may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT) .Ethyl Mercaptan SAFETY (PHYSICAL.

May be violently or explosively reactive. by any means available. Fight fire from a safe distance. Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location. remove containers from path of fire. with adequate cover. Avoid spraying water onto liquid pools. spillage from entering drains or water course. If safe to do so. switch off electrical equipment until vapor fire hazard removed. Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area. Fight fire from a safe distance. Consider evacuation (or protect in place).• General – – – – – – – – – – – – Safety -Physical Alert Emergency Responders and tell them location and nature of hazard. If safe. Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus. DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot. Prevent. Avoid spraying water onto liquid pools. Prevent. DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot. If safe to do so. switch off electrical equipment until vapor fire hazard removed. Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus. Alert Emergency Responders and tell them location and nature of hazard. • FIRE FIGHTING – – – – – – – – – – – – . May be violently or explosively reactive. remove containers from path of fire. by any means available. spillage from entering drains or water course. Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location. Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area. with adequate cover. Consider evacuation (or protect in place). If safe.

REFER FOR MEDICAL ATTENTION. – NOTE: Wear a protective glove when inducing vomiting by mechanical means. WITHOUT DELAY. Further action will be the responsibility of the medical specialist. the patient should be placed in his/her care and a copy of the – MSDS should be provided. – Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed. – INDUCE vomiting with fingers down the back of the throat. – If conscious. give water to drink. WHERE POSSIBLE. if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration. – If the services of a medical officer or medical doctor are readily available. – If medical attention is not available on the worksite or surroundings send the patient to a hospital together with a copy of the MSDS. contact a Poisons Information Center or a doctor. – Where Medical attention is not immediately available or where the patient is more than 15 minutes from a hospital or unless instructed – otherwise: – For advice. ONLY IF CONSCIOUS. . – In the mean time.• SWALLOWED Safety -Health – IF SWALLOWED. Lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position. qualified first-aid personnel should treat the patient following observation and employing supportive measures as – indicated by the patient's condition.

bagvalve mask device. If pain persists or recurs seek medical attention. which may block airway. Apply artificial respiration if not breathing. Transport to hospital. or pocket mask as trained. Prostheses such as false teeth. should be removed. including footwear Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available). Lay patient down. • SKIN – – – – If skin contact occurs: Immediately remove all contaminated clothing. Perform CPR if necessary. • INHALED – – – – – – . Seek medical attention in event of irritation. or doctor. Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel. Keep warm and rested.Safety -Health • EYE – – – – – If this product comes in contact with the eyes: Wash out immediately with fresh running water. Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. where possible. If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area. preferably with a demand valve resuscitator. prior to initiating first aid procedures.

Consider orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in unconscious patient or where respiratory arrest has occurred. If signs of hypovolemia are present use lactated Ringers solution. Fluid overload might create complications. for pulmonary edema . Where ingestion is suspected rinse mouth and give up to 200 ml water (5 ml/kg recommended) for dilution where patient is able to swallow. • ADVANCED TREATMENT – – – – – – – – . Fluid overload might create complications. Monitor and treat. Anticipate seizures . Administer oxygen by non-rebreather mask at 10 to 15 l/min. Monitor and treat. Treat seizures with diazepam. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilation as necessary. Drug therapy should be considered for pulmonary edema.Safety -Health • BASIC TREATMENT – – – – – – – – Establish a patent airway with suction where necessary. where necessary. DO NOT use emetics. Start an IV D5W TKO. Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag-valve mask might be of use. has a strong gag reflex and does not drool. where necessary. Hypotension with signs of hypovolemia requires the cautious administration of fluids. where necessary. Monitor and treat. for arrhythmias. for shock. Proparacaine hydrochloride should be used to assist eye irrigation.

powdered hypochlorite or other strong oxidizer for Mercaptan spills. Contain and absorb small quantities with vermiculite or other absorbent material. Clean up all spills immediately. WARNING: Never use dry.Safety -Environment • MINOR SPILL – – Remove all ignition sources. Control personal contact by using protective equipment. Wipe up. – – – – – – Avoid breathing vapors and contact with skin and eyes. Collect residues in a flammable waste container. . as auto-ignition can occur.

 Wood fiber – particulate  Absorbent clay (Bentonite) . Water spray or fog may be used to disperse / absorb vapor. May be violently or explosively reactive. naked lights or ignition sources. Stop leak if safe to do so. Prevent. Consider evacuation. Use only spark-free shovels and explosion proof equipment. Wash area and prevent runoff into drains. Alert Emergency Responders and tell them location and nature of hazard.Safety -Environment • MAJOR SPILL – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Clear area of personnel and move upwind. No smoking. Following material can be use to collect major spill. earth or vermiculite. earth or vermiculite. advise emergency services. Absorb remaining product with sand. Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.particulate  Polypropylene – particulate . Contain spill with sand. Increase ventilation. Collect recoverable product into labeled containers for recycling. spillage from entering drains or water course. Use extreme caution to avoid a violent reaction. Collect solid residues and seal in labeled drums for disposal. by any means available. If contamination of drains or waterways occurs.

PVC. DO NOT wear contact lenses. soft lenses may absorb irritants and all lenses concentrate them. Application of a non-perfumed moisturizer is recommended. glove thickness and dexterity – Select gloves tested to a relevant standard (e. a glove with a protection class of 3 or higher (breakthrough time greater than 60 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended. US F739). – Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots. . chemical resistance of glove material. – Suitability and durability of glove type is dependent on usage. rubber. hands should be washed and dried thoroughly.g. – Chemical goggles. Europe EN 374. – Contact lenses pose a special hazard. Important factors in the selection of gloves include: such as: • • • frequency and duration of contact. – When only brief contact is expected. eg. – Gloves must only be worn on clean hands. – When prolonged or frequently repeated contact may occur. After using gloves. – Contaminated gloves should be replaced. eg. a glove with a protection class of 5 or higher (breakthrough time greater than 240 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended. • HANDS/FEET – Wear chemical protective gloves.• PERSONAL PROTECTION EYE – Safety glasses with side shields.

– Ensure there is ready access to a safety shower. overshoes) are not recommended as they may produce static electricity. – Some plastic personal protective equipment (PPE) (e. – Eyewash unit. aprons.PERSONAL PROTECTION • Personal Protection Equipment – Overalls. – PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe.g. gloves. non sparking safety footwear. cuffs or pockets). . – PVC Apron. – For large scale or continuous use wear tight-weave non-static clothing (no metallic fasteners.

Ethyl Mercaptan HANDLING & STORAGE .

may contain explosive vapors. Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions. Always wash hands with soap and water after handling. Contains low boiling substance: Storage in sealed containers may result in pressure buildup causing violent rupture of containers not rated appropriately. grind. Vapor may ignite on pumping or pouring due to static electricity. When handling. Avoid physical damage to containers. Do NOT cut. drill. Check for bulging containers. drink or smoke. naked lights. Use spark-free tools when handling.Handling • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Containers. Avoid contact with incompatible materials. even those that have been emptied. Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations. Work clothes should be laundered separately. Avoid smoking. including inhalation. DO NOT eat. Vent periodically Always release caps or seals slowly to ensure slow dissipation of vapors DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin Avoid all personal contact. Earth and secure metal containers when dispensing or pouring product. weld or perform similar operations on or near containers. Use in a well-ventilated area. DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked. Keep containers securely sealed. heat or ignition sources. . Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps. Use good occupational work practice. DO NOT use plastic buckets. Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.

– Check that containers are clearly labeled and free from leaks. – Where combination packages are used. there must be sufficient inert cushioning material in contact – with inner and outer packages. Plastic containers may only be used if approved for flammable liquid. • Where a can is to be used as an inner package. . the can must have a screwed enclosure. unless the outer packaging is a close fitting molded plastic box and the substances are not incompatible with the plastic. – For low viscosity materials • Drums and jerry cans must be of the non-removable head type. where inner packaging are glass and contain liquids of packing group I there must be sufficient inert absorbent to absorb any. – In addition. – spillage.Storage • RECOMMENDED STORAGE METHODS – Packing as supplied by manufacturer. and the inner packages are of glass.

heat or ignition sources. dry well ventilated area. basements or areas where vapors may be trapped. depressions. . – Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations. – Keep containers securely sealed. naked lights. – No smoking.Storage • STORAGE REQUIREMENTS – Store in original containers in approved flame-proof area. – Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks. – DO NOT store in pits. – Store away from incompatible materials in a cool.

Hazardous Chemical Awareness NITROGEN GAS (INERT GAS) .

4 Inert Specific Gravity @ 20 C Gas Density (lb/ft3) Molecular Weight NFPA CODE (Gas) 0. Cryogenic Liquid Nitrogen. Liquid Nitrogen State (@ 25oC) Boiling Point (°F) Flash Point (°F) Gas -320. Limit (%) Upper Exp. Limit (%) Nil Nil 0 0 0 SA .072 28. Nitrogen gas. LIN. Nitrogen NF.839 0.02 Auto-ignition Temp (°F) Nil Lower Exp.Specification Heading Trade Name Chemical Name Synonyms Description Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen (dot).

MSDS .

Nitrogen Gas HAZARDS (PHYSICAL. HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT) .

. – Skin or flash damage.Hazard -Physical • Available in high pressure containers. – Asphyxiation. • Sudden release of gas may cause. – Frosting.

Hazard -Health • EYE – Contact with rapidly expanding gas may cause burns or frostbite. but may cause suffocation by displacing the oxygen in air. Contact with cryogenic liquid can cause frostbite and cryogenic burns . • Ingestion – Ingestion is not a normal route of exposure for gases. Contact with cryogenic liquid can cause frostbite and cryogenic burns. • Inhalation – Acts as a simple asphyxia. Contact with cryogenic liquid can cause frostbite and cryogenic burns. Lack of sufficient oxygen can cause serious injury or death. Nitrogen is nontoxic. • SKIN – Contact with rapidly expanding gas may cause burns or frostbite.

Hazard -Environment • No known significant effects or critical hazards. • No data on toxicity to environment is available. .

Nitrogen Gas SAFETY (PHYSICAL. HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT) .

– Fire protection is considered by surrounding possible combustion material . • FIRE FIGHTING – Being inert gas does aggravates fire.• General Safety -Physical – Plenty of ventilation helps decimates Nitrogen Gas quickly in to the air.

Apply artificial respiration if not breathing. which may block airway. Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel. including footwear Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).Safety -Health • EYE – – – – – If this product comes in contact with the eyes: Wash out immediately with fresh running water. or pocket mask as trained. If pain persists or recurs seek medical attention. or doctor. Perform CPR if necessary. Keep warm and rested. • INHALED – – – – – – . If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area. bagvalve mask device. Transport to hospital. Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. where possible. Seek medical attention in event of irritation. • SKIN – – – – If skin contact occurs: Immediately remove all contaminated clothing. prior to initiating first aid procedures. Prostheses such as false teeth. preferably with a demand valve resuscitator. Lay patient down. should be removed.

where necessary. Hypotension with signs of hypovolemia requires the cautious administration of fluids. Consider orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in unconscious patient or where respiratory arrest has occurred. Proparacaine hydrochloride should be used to assist eye irrigation. for shock. Monitor and treat. DO NOT use emetics. for pulmonary edema . Treat seizures with diazepam. Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag-valve mask might be of use. for arrhythmias. Where ingestion is suspected rinse mouth and give up to 200 ml water (5 ml/kg recommended) for dilution where patient is able to swallow.Safety -Health • BASIC TREATMENT – – – – – – – – Establish a patent airway with suction where necessary. Anticipate seizures . Monitor and treat. where necessary. Start an IV D5W TKO. has a strong gag reflex and does not drool. • ADVANCED TREATMENT – – – – – – – – . Administer oxygen by non-rebreather mask at 10 to 15 l/min. If signs of hypovolemia are present use lactated Ringers solution. Fluid overload might create complications. where necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilation as necessary. Drug therapy should be considered for pulmonary edema. Fluid overload might create complications. Monitor and treat.

. powdered hypochlorite or other strong oxidizer for Mercaptan spills. Clean up all spills immediately. Control personal contact by using protective equipment. Wipe up.Safety -Environment • MINOR SPILL – – Remove all ignition sources. – – – – – – Avoid breathing vapors and contact with skin and eyes. Contain and absorb small quantities with vermiculite or other absorbent material. WARNING: Never use dry. as auto-ignition can occur. Collect residues in a flammable waste container.

cuffs or pockets). gloves. – PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe. overshoes) are not recommended as they may produce static electricity.PERSONAL PROTECTION • Personal Protection Equipment – Overalls. – For large scale or continuous use wear tight-weave non-static clothing (no metallic fasteners. – Eyewash unit.g. – PVC Apron. non sparking safety footwear. . aprons. – Ensure there is ready access to a safety shower. – Some plastic personal protective equipment (PPE) (e.

Nitrogen Gas HANDLING & STORAGE .

grind. Vent periodically Always release caps or seals slowly to ensure slow dissipation of vapors DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin Avoid all personal contact. Use good occupational work practice. drink or smoke. Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations. Check for bulging containers. Avoid smoking. heat or ignition sources. Earth and secure metal containers when dispensing or pouring product. . Use spark-free tools when handling. Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions.Handling • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Containers. DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked. Do NOT cut. Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps. including inhalation. Avoid physical damage to containers. naked lights. weld or perform similar operations on or near containers. Work clothes should be laundered separately. Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs. Keep containers securely sealed. Use in a well-ventilated area. may contain explosive vapors. Always wash hands with soap and water after handling. even those that have been emptied. When handling. Vapor may ignite on pumping or pouring due to static electricity. Avoid contact with incompatible materials. DO NOT eat. Contains low boiling substance: Storage in sealed containers may result in pressure buildup causing violent rupture of containers not rated appropriately. drill. DO NOT use plastic buckets.

– For low viscosity materials • Drums and jerry cans must be of the non-removable head type. • Where a can is to be used as an inner package. – Check that containers are clearly labeled and free from leaks. . the can must have a screwed enclosure. – Where combination packages are used. Plastic containers may only be used if approved for flammable liquid. and the inner packages are of glass. unless the outer packaging is a close fitting molded plastic box and the substances are not incompatible with the plastic.Storage • RECOMMENDED STORAGE METHODS – Packing as supplied by manufacturer. there must be sufficient inert cushioning material in contact – with inner and outer packages. – In addition. where inner packaging are glass and contain liquids of packing group I there must be sufficient inert absorbent to absorb any. – spillage.

dry well ventilated area. – Store away from incompatible materials in a cool. – No smoking. – Keep containers securely sealed. – Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations. basements or areas where vapors may be trapped. . heat or ignition sources.Storage • STORAGE REQUIREMENTS – Store in original containers in approved flame-proof area. depressions. – DO NOT store in pits. naked lights. – Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.

Hazardous Chemical Awareness THE END .

THANK YOU .