You are on page 1of 25

I. C.

ENGINE
Prof. SHEKHAR S. BABAR

POWER PRODUCING DEVICES
I.C. ENGINE FOUR STROKE PETROL & DIESEL ENGINE TWO STROKE PETROL & DIESEL ENGINE TURBINE IMPULSE REACTION BOILERS

I. E. ENGINE  ENGINE Mechanical device which converts one form of energy into another form  I. Automobile Engines .g.C.C. ENGINE Engine in which combustion take place inside engine cylinder is called IC engine.-Aircraft engine.

ENGINE .I.C.

I.CLASSIFICATION OF I.C.I. CYCLE OF OPERATION   Two stroke engine Four stroke engine  2. NO. COOLING SYSTEM    Air cooled Water cooled Oil cooled . OF CYLINDERS    Single Multi 5. ENGINE C. ENGINE  1. THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE    Otto cycle Diesel cycle Dual cycle  3. METHOD OF IGNITION   S. ENGINE  4.

CLASSIFICATION OF I.C. ENGINE  FUEL USED  Petrol  Diesel  Gas SPEED High speed Lows peed Medium speed APPLICATION Automotive engines Aircraft engines Marine application Generator sets .

ENGINE  ARRANGEMENT OF CYLINDERS  Vertical  Horizantal  V- engine  Radial engine  Opposed cylinder  Opposed piston .CLASSIFICATION OF I.C.

TERMINOLOGY BORE  STROKE  TDC  BDC  CLEARENCE VOLUME  SWEPT VOLUME  COMPRESSION RATIO  .

Components of Four-Stroke Engines Camshaft Intake Valve Exhaust Valve Valve Cover Spark Plug Intake Port Exhaust Port Head Piston Connecting Rod Coolant Rod Bearings Engine Block Crankshaft Next Diagram Oil Pan Oil Sump Back .

Four Stroke Cycle 10     Intake Compression Power Exhaust .

.Intake Stroke 11     Intake valve opens. A vacuum is created in the cylinder. Piston moves down. ½ turn of crankshaft. Atmospheric pressure pushes the air/fuel mixture into the cylinder.

. ½ turn of crankshaft.Compression Stroke 12     Valves close. Piston moves up. Air/fuel mixture is compressed. Fuel starts to vaporize and heat begins to build.

½ turn of crankshaft.  Heat is converted to mechanical energy.  .Power Stroke 13 Valves remain closed.  Piston moves down.  Spark plug fires igniting fuel mixture.

 .  Piston move up.Exhaust Stroke 14 Exhaust valve opens. crankshaft makes ½ turn.  Exhaust gases are pushed out polluting the atmosphere.

Four Stroke Cycle Animation 15 .

TWO STROKE ENGINE .

Two Stroke Animation 17 .

Diesel Animation 18 .

buses.I.PETROL V/S DIESEL ENGINE PETROL ENGINE (S. light duty vehicles        Diesel cycle Only air sucked during suction stroke No spark plug needed C.R. cars.)   DIESEL ENGINE(C.= 14-22 High efficiency Heavy Costly More Trucks.I.gensets .R.=6-12 Low efficiency Light weight Cheap Less vibration & noise Motor cycles.)          Otto cycle Air – fuel mixture suction stroke spark plug is needed C.

bikes.g.buses . low cost More power for same size engine Piston shape –crown Less efficiency E.TWO STROKES V/S FOUR STROKES TWO STROKES    FOUR STROKES         Cycle . scooters      Cycle-2rev & 4strokes 1 Power stroke per 2 Rev valves Complicated. heavy .trucks.light weight . Ports Simple .1 rev & 2 strokes 1 power stroke per Rev. mopeds. costly Less power Flat piston More efficiency Cars.

-The Motive Power in a steam turbine is obtained by the rate of change in momentum of a high velocity jet of steam impinging on a curved blade which is free to rotate. .What is a Turbine ? -A Turbine is a device which converts the heat energy of steam into the kinetic energy & then to rotational energy.

IMPULSE TURBINE a .

IMPULSE REACTION TURBINE .

IMPULSE V/S REACTION .

POWER CONSUMING DEVICES  PUMP  RECIPROCATING  CENTRIFUGAL  COMPRESSOR  RECIPROCATING   REFRIGEATOR AIR CONDITIONER  WINDOW AIR CONDITIONER .