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11/16/2013

BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

SEMINAR ON BRIDGE DESIGN: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND GENERAL DESIGN PARAMETERS

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

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11/16/2013

BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

PRESENTATION OUTLINE
The Bridge Structure • Bridge Co !o"e"t# • T$!e# o% Bridge# &. Pri"ci!'e# o% Bridge De#ig" • P'(""i"g ("d De#ig" • De#ig" !(r( eter#
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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

&. T)E BRIDGE STRUCTURE
A *ridge i# ( #tructure th(t cro##e# o+er ( ri+er, *($, or other o*#tructio", or (" o!e" i"ter#ectio" ,(# i" i"terch("ge#-, !er itti"g the # ooth ("d #(%e !(##(ge o% +ehic'e#, tr(i"#, ("d.or !ede#tri("#. A" e'e+(tio" +ie/ o% ( t$!ic(' *ridge i# #ho/" i" the %igure ,#ee "e0t #'ide-.

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11/16/2013

BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

E'e+(tio" +ie/ o% ( t$!ic(' *ridge.
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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

A *ridge #tructure i# di+ided i"to (" u!!er !(rt ,the #u!er#tructure-, /hich co"#i#t# o% the /e(ri"g #ur%(ce, the dec1, !ri (r$ e *er# ("d the #eco"d(r$ e *er#, ("d ( 'o/er !(rt ,the #u*#tructure-, /hich (re (*ut e"t#, !ier#, *e(ri"g#, %ooti"g#, !i'e# ("d #heeti"g.

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

The #u!er#tructure !ro+ide# hori2o"t(' #!("# #uch (# dec1 ("d girder# ("d c(rrie# tr(%%ic 'o(d# direct'$. The #u*#tructure #u!!ort# the hori2o"t(' #!("#, e'e+(ti"g (*o+e the grou"d #ur%(ce.

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11/16/2013

BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

BRIDGE COMPONENTS: Superstructure. The #u!er#tructure co !ri#e# ('' the co !o"e"t# o% ( *ridge (*o+e the #u!!ort#. The *(#ic #u!er#tructure co !o"e"t# co"#i#t o% the %o''o/i"g:

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

DEC3. The dec1 i# the
!h$#ic(' e0te"#io" o% the ro(d/($ (cro## the o*#tructio" to *e *ridged. The (i" %u"ctio" o% the dec1 i# to di#tri*ute 'o(d# ('o"g the *ridge cro## #ectio" or tr("#+er#e'$. The dec1 either re#t# o" or i# i"tegr(ted /ith ( %r( e or other #tructur(' #$#te de#ig"(ted to di#tri*ute 'o(d# ('o"g the 'e"gth o% the *ridge or 'o"gitudi"(''$.
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11/16/2013

BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

4EARING SUR5ACE.

The /e(ri"g #ur%(ce ,cour#e- i# th(t !ortio" o% the dec1 cro## #ectio" /hich re#i#t# tr(%%ic /e(r. I" o#t i"#t("ce# thi# i# ( #e!(r(te '($er (de o% *itu i"ou# (teri('. The /e(ri"g cour#e u#u(''$ +(rie# i" thic1"e## %ro 67 to 177 8 ho/e+er, thi# thic1"e## c(" #o eti e# *e '(rger due to re#ur%(ci"g o% the o+er!(## ro(d/($, /hich occur# throughout the 'i%e c$c'e o% ( *ridge.

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

PRIMAR9 MEMBERS.
Pri (r$ e *er# di#tri*ute 'o(d# 'o"gitudi"(''$ ("d (re u#u(''$ de#ig"ed !ri"ci!(''$ to re#i#t %'e0ure. Be( t$!e !ri (r$ e *er# (re ('#o c(''ed #tri"ger# or girder#. The#e #tri"ger# cou'd *e #tee' !'(te girder# ,i.e., #tee' !'(te# /e'ded together to %or (" I: #ectio"-, !re#tre##ed co"crete girder#, rei"%orced co"crete girder#, or g'ued '( i"(ted ti *er #tri"ger#.

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BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING, SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.

R(ther th(" h(+e the #'(* re#t direct'$ o" the !ri (r$ e *er, ( # ('' %i''et or h(u"ch c(" *e !'(ced *et/ee" the dec1 #'(* ("d the to! %'("ge o% the #tri"ger. So e *ridge #u!er#tructure c(" *e %or ed i" the #h(!e o% ( *o0 ,either rect("gu'(r or tr(!e2oid('-. Bo0 girder *ridge# c(" *e co"#tructed out o% #tee' or !re#tre##ed co"crete ("d (re u#ed i" #itu(tio"# /here '(rge #!(" 'e"gth# (re re;uired.

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SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Thi# t$!e o% #eco"d(r$ e *er i# c(''ed '(ter(' *r(ci"g. Seco"d(r$ e *er# (re *r(ci"g *et/ee" !ri (r$ e *er# de#ig"ed to re#i#t cro##: #ectio"(' de%or (tio" o% the #u!er#tructure %r( e ("d he'! di#tri*ute !(rt o% the +ertic(' 'o(d *et/ee" #tri"ger#. 16 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 17 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 18 6 . SECONDAR9 MEMBERS. the#e #eco"d(r$ e *er# (re 1"o/" (# di(!hr(g #. INC. The$ c(" *e co !o#ed o% cro##ed %r( e# (t the to! or *otto %'("ge o% ( #tri"ger u#ed to re#i#t '(ter(' de%or (tio". INC. I" o#t i"#t("ce#.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC.

Pede#t('#. A*ut e"t# (re e(rth:ret(i"i"g #tructure# /hich #u!!ort the #u!er#tructure ("d o+er!(## ro(d/($ (t the *egi""i"g ("d e"d o% ( *ridge.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The ter *ridge #e(t i# ('#o u#ed to re%er to the e'e+(tio" (t the to! #ur%(ce o% the !ede#t('. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.uired to #u!!ort the #u!er#tructure ("d o+er!(## ro(d/($. INC. the (*ut e"t# re#i#t the 'o"gitudi"(' %orce# o% the e(rth u"der"e(th the o+er!(## ro(d/($. 21 7 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. BRIDGE COMPONENTS Substructure. A !ede#t(' i# ( #hort co'u " o" (" (*ut e"t or !ier /hich direct'$ #u!!ort# ( #u!er#tructure !ri (r$ e *er. The *(#ic #u*#tructure co !o"e"t# co"#i#t o% the %o''o/i"g: 19 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The #u*#tructure co"#i#t# o% ('' e'e e"t# re. INC. Li1e ( ret(i"i"g /(''. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 20 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. ABUTMENTS.

i# the !ri (r$ co !o"e"t o% the (*ut e"t (cti"g (# ( ret(i"i"g #tructure (t e(ch (!!ro(ch. #o eti e# c(''ed the #te . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 22 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 4i"g/(''. Re#tr(i"t# Pede#t(' E *("1 e"t 5ou"d(tio" 4(ter Le+e' A*ut e"t Attri*ute# 23 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. E0!("#io" <oi"t Bridge A!!ro(ch B(c1/('' 4i"g/('' Be(ri"g#. INC. 24 8 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. B(c1/(''. INC. A *(c1/(''.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. A /i"g/('' i# ( #ide/('' to the (*ut e"t *(c1/('' or #te de#ig"ed to (##i#t i" co"%i"i"g e(rth *ehi"d the (*ut e"t. INC.

INC. PIERS. Pier# (re #tructure# /hich #u!!ort the #u!er#tructure (t i"ter edi(te !oi"t# *et/ee" the e"d #u!!ort# . 'i1e (*ut e"t#. INC. Pier#. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. So e o% the *(#ic t$!e# o% !ier# /hich (re !o!u'(r i" high/($# *ridge# (re h( erhe(d. 26 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.(*ut e"t#-.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. co'u " *e"t ("d !i'e *e"t. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 5ro (" (e#thetic #t("d!oi"t. 25 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. co e i# ( +(riet$ o% #h(!e# ("d #i2e# /hich de!e"d o" the #!eci%ic (!!'ic(tio". INC. !ier# (re o"e o% the o#t +i#i*'e co !o"e"t# o% ( high/($ *ridge ("d c(" (1e the di%%ere"ce *et/ee" ( +i#u(''$ !'e(#i"g #tructure ("d (" u"(ttr(cti+e o"e. 27 9 . #o'id /('' or gr(+it$.

29 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 30 10 . 28 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC.

31 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. BEARINGS. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 33 11 . INC. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Be(ri"g# (re ech("ic(' #$#te # /hich tr("# it the +ertic(' 'o(d# o% the #u!er#tructure to the #u*#tructure. E0( !'e o% *e(ri"g# (re ech("ic(' #$#te # (de o% #tee' ro''er# (cti"g o" '(rge #tee' !'(te# or rect("gu'(r !(d# (de o% "eo!re"e. 5'(red Co'u "# 32 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

INC. 36 12 . A %ooti"g u"der ( /('' i# 1"o/" (# ( co"ti"uou# or /('' %ooti"g8 /here(#. So e t$!e# o% !i'e r("ge %ro co"crete. INC. ( %ooti"g u"der ( !ier i# 1"o/" (# ( #!re(d %ooti"g.u(te #u!!ort %or the #u*#tructure . 35 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. or #ett'e e"t-. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. #u!!ort i# o*t(i"ed through the u#e o% !i'e#.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Be(ri"g# (''o/i"g *oth rot(tio" ("d 'o"gitudi"(' tr("#'(tio" (re c(''ed e0!("#io" *e(ri"g#. INC. ("d tho#e /hich (''o/ rot(tio" o"'$ (re c(''ed %i0ed *e(ri"g#. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. to #tee' ):#ectio"# dri+e" to #ou"d roc1. 4he" the #oi' u"der ( %ooti"g c(""ot !ro+ide (de. 34 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. PILES. either c(#t:i":!'(ce or *ored !i'e. 5OOTING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. o+er('' #t(*i'it$.i" ter # o% *e(ri"g c(!(cit$. #o i" tur" do the (*ut e"t ("d !ier %ooti"g# tr("#%er 'o(d# %ro the #u*#tructure to the #u*#oi'. The u#e ("d %u"ctio"('it$ o% *e(ri"g# +(r$ gre(t'$ de!e"di"g o" the #i2e ("d co"%igur(tio" o% the *ridge. A# *e(ri"g# tr("#%er the #u!er#tructure 'o(d# to the #u*#tructure. /hich e0te"d do/" %ro the %ooti"g to the !ro!er de!th.

S)EETING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 38 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. the +ertic(' !'("1# /hich (re dri+e" i"to the grou"d to (ct (# te !or(r$ ret(i"i"g /(''# !er itti"g e0c(+(tio" (re 1"o/" (# #heeti"g. I" co%%erd( # or #h(''o/ e0c(+(tio". INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. *ored !i'e# 37 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Stee' #heet !i'e# (re o"e o% the o#t co o" %or # o% #heeti"g i" u#e ("d c(" e+e" *e u#ed (# (*ut e"t# %or # (''er #tructure#. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. So e co o" t$!e# o% %ou"d(tio"# i"c'ude: S!re(d . i#o'(ted %ooti"g Dri+e" !i'e# %ou"d(tio" Dri''ed #h(%t . INC. 39 13 . INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

BRIDGE COMPONENTS Appurtenance. INC. A" (!!urte"("ce i# ("$ !(rt o% the *ridge or *ridge #ite /hich i# "ot ( (=or #tructur(' co !o"e"t $et #er+e# #o e !ur!o#e i" the o+er('' %u"ctio"('it$ o% the #tructure. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 42 14 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. : 41 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Pier Attri*ute# E0!("#io" <oi"t Be(ri"g#. Re#tr(i"t# M(i" Structure 4(ter Le+e' Scour Protectio" 5ou"d(tio" 40 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

(# (" e"tit$. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The *ridge #ite. INC. INC. i"tegr(te /ith the #tructure !ro!er. The (=or (!!urte"("ce# ("d #ite:re'(ted %e(ture# (re (# %o''o/#: EMBAN3MENT AND SLOPE PROTECTION. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 45 15 . i" o"e /($ or ("other. BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. !o##e##e# ("$ di%%ere"t co !o"e"t# /hich. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. /hich #hou'd *e *oth (e#thetic(''$ !'e(#i"g ("d !ro+ide %or !ro!er dr(i"(ge ("d ero#io" 44 co"tro'. 43 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.e *("1 e"t. S'o!e !rotectio" cou'd *e (de o% dr$ #to"e or e+e" *'oc1 !(+e e"t (teri('.i# co+ered /ith ( (teri(' c(''ed #'o!e !rotectio". The #'o!e th(t t(!er# %ro the (*ut e"t to the u"der!(## .

UNDERDRAIN. #uch (# (" (*ut e"t. I" cro## #ectio" the (!!ro(ch ro(d/($ i# de%i"ed (# the >tr(+e'ed /($ !'u# #hou'der#. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 47 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. /hich i# ( dr(i"(ge #$#te (de o% !er%or(ted !i!e or other #uit(*'e co"duit th(t tr("#!ort# ru"o%% (/($ %ro the #tructure ("d i"to (!!ro!ri(te dr(i"(ge ch(""e'# . it i# o%te" "ece##(r$ to i"#t('' (" u"derdr(i".? 48 16 . INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. The #ectio" o% o+er!(## ro(d/($ /hich 'e(d# u! to ("d (/($ %ro the *ridge (*ut e"t# i# c(''ed the (!!ro(ch or (!!ro(ch ro(d/($.either "(tur(' or (": (de-.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. I" order to !ro+ide %or !ro!er dr(i"(ge o% ( (=or #u*#tructure e'e e"t. 46 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. APPROAC).

INC. 50 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. TRA55IC BARRIERS. 51 17 . INC. Protecti+e de+ice# u#ed to reduce the #e+erit$ o% (" (ccide"t /he" ( +ehic'e 'e(+e# the ro(d (re c(''ed tr(%%ic *(rrier#. Tr(%%ic *(rrier# c(" r("ge %ro ( gu(rd r(i' (de o% corrug(ted #tee' to rei"%orced co"crete !(r(!et#. ( rei"%orced co"crete #'(* or (!!ro(ch #'(* i# #o eti e# u#ed %or ( gi+e" di#t("ce *(c1 %ro the (*ut e"t. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. To co !e"#(te %or !ote"ti(' di%%ere"ti(' #ett'e e"t (t the (!!ro(che#. It i# !o##i*'e %or the (!!ro(ch to *e !h$#ic(''$ #u!!orted *$ the (*ut e"t. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 49 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The (!!ro(ch #'(* he'!# i"i i2e i !(ct to the (*ut e"t /hich c(" re#u't %ro di%%ere"ti(' #ett'e e"t.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

INC. T9PES O5 BRIDGES Classification by Materials Classification by Objective Classification by Structural System Classification by Support Condition Classification by Position of Travelled Roadway Classification by Durability 53 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. 52 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. 54 18 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

(rche#. INC. tru##e#. Co"crete *ridge#: There (re t/o !ri (r$ t$!e# o% co"crete *ridge#: rei"%orced ("d !re#tre##ed. INC. T9PES O5 BRIDGES Classification by Materials. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. ("d #u#!e"#io" c(*'e#. 56 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Stee' *ridge#: A #tee' *ridge ($ u#e ( /ide +(riet$ o% #tructur(' #tee' co !o"e"t# ("d #$#te #: girder#. %r( e#. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 57 19 .11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Thi# c'(##i%ic(tio" i# *(#ed o" the (i" t$!e o% (teri(' u#ed %or the #u!er#tructure. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 55 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

INC. Ti *er *ridge#: 4oode" *ridge# (re u#ed /he" the #!(" i# re'(ti+e'$ #hort. 58 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. 59 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. 60 20 . Met(' (''o$ *ridge#: Met(' (''o$# #uch (# ('u i"u (''o$ ("d #t(i"'e## #tee' (re ('#o u#ed i" *ridge co"#tructio".

ueduct *ridge#: *ridge# #u!!orti"g !i!e# /ith ch(""e'ed /(ter %'o/ 63 21 . Classification by Objective. Co *i"ed *ridge#: *ridge# c(rr$i"g *oth +ehic'e# ("d tr(i"#. Pede#tri(" *ridge#: *ridge# c(rr$i"g !ede#tri(" tr(%%ic A. Thi# c'(##i%ic(tio" i# *(#ed o" the t$!e o% 'o(d th(t i# c(rried (cro## the *ridge. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Bridge# c(" ('ter"(ti+e'$ *e c'(##i%ied i"to o+(*'e . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.%or #hi!# to !(## the ri+er. INC. 61 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. INC. 62 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. R(i'/($ *ridge#: *ridge# o" r(i'ro(d# %or tr(i"#.or %i0ed ("d !er ("e"t or te !or(r$ c(tegorie#. )igh/($ *ridge#: *ridge# o" high/($# %or +ehic'e#.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

65 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. P'(te girder *ridge#: The (i" girder# co"#i#t o% ( !'(te (##e *'(ge o% u!!er ("d 'o/er %'("ge# ("d ( /e*. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Thi# c'(##i%ic(tio" i# *(#ed o" the #tructur(' #$#te o% the (i" girder# o% the #u!er#tructure. 66 22 . ): or I: cro##:#ectio"# (re u#ed to e%%ecti+e'$ re#i#t *e"di"g ("d #he(r. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. INC. 64 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Classification by Structural System of Superstructures.

/hich re#i#t# "ot o"'$ *e"di"g ("d #he(r *ut ('#o tor#io" e%%ecti+e'$. T:*e( *ridge#: A "u *er o% rei"%orced co"crete T:*e( # (re !'(ced #ide *$ #ide to #u!!ort the 'i+e 'o(d. INC. INC. /hi'e the co"crete #'(* t(1e# the co !re##io" co !o"e"t o% the *e"di"g o e"t. 69 23 . Bo0 girder *ridge#: The #i !'e . INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Co !o#ite girder *ridge#: The co"crete dec1 #'(* /or1# i" co"=u"ctio" /ith the #tee' girder# to #u!!ort 'o(d# (# ( u"ited *e( . The #tee' girder t(1e# (i"'$ te"#io". 67 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 68 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.or u'ti!'e(i" girder co"#i#t# o% ( *o0 *e( %(*ric(ted %ro #tee' !'(te# or %or ed %ro co"crete. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 70 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC.4hi!!'e• B('ti ore • P(r1er • Pe""#$'+("i( 72 24 . E(ch e *er re#i#t# (" (0i(' %orce. either i" co !re##io" or te"#io". SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Tru## *ridge#: Tru## *(r e *er# (re theoretic(''$ co"#idered to *e co""ected /ith !i"# (t their e"d# to %or tri("g'e#. T$!ic(' t$!e# (re: • Le"ticu'(r • Pr(tt • Dou*'e I"ter#ectio" Pr(tt . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Gri''(ge girder *ridge#: The (i" girder# (re co""ected tr("#+er#e'$ *$ %'oor *e( # to %or ( rid !(tter" /hich #h(re# the 'o(d# /ith the (i" girder#. INC. 71 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

73 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Dou*'e I"ter#ectio" Pr(tt . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.L(ttice• 3 Tru## • Bo/#tri"g The #ucceedi"g #'ide# i''u#tr(te !hoto# o% e(ch tru## t$!e. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. • 4(rre" • Dou*'e I"ter#ectio" 4(rre" • 4(rre" @u(dr("gu'(r . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. Le"ticu'(r Pr(tt 74 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.4hi!!'e- B('ti ore 75 25 .

INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 4(rre" 4(rre" 78 26 . 4(rre" 4(rre" 77 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. P(r1er Pe""#$'+("i( 76 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

INC. I" ("cie"t ti e# #to"e /(# the o#t co o" (teri(' u#ed to co"#truct (g"i%ice"t (rch *ridge#. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The circu'(r (rc i" co !re##io" #u!!ort# the ro(d8 the (rch c(" either *e *e'o/ or (*o+e the ro(d. Dou*'e I"ter#ectio" 4(rre" 4(rre" @u(dr("gu'(r . 3:Tru## Bo/#tri"g 80 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 81 27 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Arch *ridge#: The (rch i# ( #tructure th(t re#i#t# 'o(d (i"'$ i" (0i(' co !re##io". INC. INC.L(ttice79 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

INC. Bud(!e#t 83 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Ro e 84 28 . M(rg(ret Bridge. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 82 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Po"te Cre#to.

C(*'e:#t($ed *ridge#: The girder# (re #u!!orted *$ high'$ #tre"gthe"ed c(*'e# .o%te" co !o#ed o% tight'$ *ou"d #tee' #tr("d#/hich #te direct'$ %ro the to/er. 85 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. M(rce'o 5er"(" Bridge. Li#*o" 87 29 . INC. The#e (re o#t'$ #uited to *ridge 'o"g di#t("ce#.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. A(#co d( G( ( Bridge. Ce*u 86 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. The c(*'e# i" te"#io" #u!!ort the ro(d. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC.

Mi''e""iu Bridge Po'("d 88 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Rio:A"titio Bridge Greece 89 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The 'o(d i# tr("# itted (i"'$ *$ te"#io" i" c(*'e. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 90 30 . INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. Thi# de#ig" i# #uit(*'e %or 'o"g #!(" *ridge#. INC. The c(*'e# i" te"#io" #u!!ort the ro(d. Su#!e"#io" *ridge#: The girder# (re #u#!e"ded *$ h("ger# tied to the (i" c(*'e# /hich h("g %ro the to/er#. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

INC. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. S(" 5r("ci#co 91 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Lo"do" 93 31 . To/er Bridge. Po"te &6 de A*ri'. Li#*o" 92 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Go'de" G(te Bridge.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Thi# c'(##i%ic(tio" i# *(#ed o" the #u!!ort co"ditio"# o% ( *ridge. Si !'$:#u!!orted *ridge#: The (i" girder# or tru##e# (re #u!!orted *$ ( o+(*'e hi"ge (t o"e e"d ("d ( %i0ed hi"ge (t the other . INC. INC.ui'i*riu . 96 32 . 94 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Classification by Support Condition. INC. 95 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.#i !'e #u!!ort-8 thu# the$ c(" *e ("('$2ed u#i"g o"'$ the co"ditio"# o% e.

99 33 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 98 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. 97 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

Co"ti"uou#'$ #u!!orted *ridge#: Girder# or tru##e# (re #u!!orted co"ti"uou#'$ *$ ore th(" three #u!!ort#. /hich h(+e ( co o" c(u#e o% #er+ice ("d (i"te"("ce !ro*'e #. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 101 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Chic(go 100 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. The#e te"d to *e ore eco"o ic(' #i"ce %e/er e0!("#io" =oi"t#. INC. (re "eeded. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Michig(" A+e"ue Bridge. re#u'ti"g i" ( #tructur(''$ i"deter i"(te #$#te . 102 34 . INC. INC. Shri"1(ge (t the #u!!ort# u#t *e (+oided.

c("ti'e+er *ridge-: A co"ti"uou# *ridge i# re"dered deter i"(te *$ !'(ci"g i"ter edi(te hi"ge# *et/ee" the #u!!ort#. INC. 105 35 . 103 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Ger*er *ridge# . INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 104 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

INC. 107 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 106 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 108 36 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC.

SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. South( !to"# Itche" Bridge U3 109 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 111 37 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Classification by Position of Traveled Roadway. INC. 110 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. Thi# c'(##i%ic(tio" i# *(#ed o" the !o#itio" o% the *ridge %'oor /ith re#!ect to the (i" girder or (i" #u!!orti"g the #tructur(' e *er.

112 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. )('%:through: 4he" the ro(d/($ i# *et/ee" the de!th o% the (i" girder. INC. Po"$: 4he" the ro(d/($ i# "e0t to the (i" girder. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 113 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. Dec1: 4he" the ro(d/($ i# o" to! o% the (i" girder. INC. 114 38 .

INC. Thi# c'(##i%ic(tio" i# *(#ed o" the dur(tio" %or /hich the *ridge i# i"te"ded to *e u#e%u'. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 117 39 . 116 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 115 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Classification by Durability. INC. Through: 4he" the ro(d/($ i# (t the *otto o% the (i" girder. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC.

INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 120 40 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. 119 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. Per ("e"t *ridge Se i:!er ("e"t *ridge Te !or(r$ *ridge 118 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.

SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. ("d 'oc(' '("d#c(!e ("d e"+iro" e"t. A *ridge !'(""i"g u#t co"#ider the %o''o/i"g %(ctor#: . (teri('#.P(##i"g Li"e ("d Loc(tio" A *ridge. ( *ridge !ro=ect /i'' #t(rt /ith !'(""i"g the %u"d( e"t(' de#ig" co"ditio"#. *ei"g ( co"ti"u(tio" o% ( ro(d. 122 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. A right ("g'e *ridge i# e(#$ to de#ig" ("d co"#truct *ut o%te" %orce# the 'i"e to *e *e"t. doe# *e#t to %o''o/ the 'i"e o% the ro(d. di e"#io"#. INC. INC.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. B. PLANNING Be%ore the #tructur(' de#ig" o% ( *ridge i# co"#idered. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.(. (e#thetic#. PRINCIPLES O5 BRIDGE DESIGN Bridge !'(""i"g ("d de#ig" !roce## i"c'ude# co"#ider(tio" o% other i !ort("t %(ctor# #uch (# choice o% *ridge #$#te . INC. 123 41 . 121 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. %ou"d(tio"#.

INC. 126 42 .c.T$!e o% Structure ("d S!(" Le"gth The t$!e# o% #u*#tructure# ("d #u!er#tructure# (re deter i"ed *$ %(ctor# #uch (#: the #urrou"di"g geogr(!hic(' %e(ture#. 124 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. e+e" (t the co#t o% ( ore di%%icu't de#ig".*. A #1e/ed *ridge or ( cur+ed *ridge i# co o"'$ re. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. . the #oi' %ou"d(tio". INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. ("d o%te" the #( e di e"#io" (# th(t o% the (!!ro(chi"g ro(d. 125 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. the 'e"gth ("d #!(" o% the *ridge.4idth The /idth o% ( high/($ *ridge i# u#u(''$ de%i"ed (# the /idth o% the ro(d/($ !'u# th(t o% the #ide/('1. . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.uired %or e0!re##/($# or r(i'ro(d# /here the ro(d 'i"e u#t *e 1e!t #tr(ight or cur+ed. the !(##i"g 'i"e ("d it# /idth.

*ut ('#o to u#e it# #tructure ("d %or to *'e"d. 129 43 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. ("d e"h("ce it# #urrou"di"g#. the re. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.uire e"t %or c'e(r("ce *e'o/ the *ridge.uired "ot o"'$ to %u'%i'' it# %u"ctio" (# ( thorough%(re.Ae#thetic# A *ridge i# re. INC. 128 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. h(r o"i2e. ("d co"#tructio" !eriod. (e#thetic#. tr("#!ort(tio" o% the co"#tructio" (teri('# ("d erectio" !rocedure#.d. .11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 127 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. co"#tructio" co#t. DESIGN U#e ("d 5u"ctio"('it$ A high/($ *ridge #ite i# ( co !'ic(ted !'(ce ("d ( !oi"t /here ( #uite o% ci+i' e"gi"eeri"g di#ci!'i"e# co"+erge to %or o"e o% the o#t e0citi"g ch(''e"ge# i" the !ro%e##io".

)$dr(u'ic E"gi"eeri"g %or !ro!er dr(i"(ge o% the *ridge ("d #ite. Sur+e$i"g ("d M(!!i"g %or the '($out ("d gr(di"g o% ( !ro!o#ed #ite. 9et e+e" /ith #uch ( *re(dth o% e"gi"eeri"g to!ic# to co"cer" our#e'+e# /ith. the oder" high/($ *ridge re (i"# (" i"trigui"g !ro=ect *ec(u#e o% the e'eg("t #i !'icit$ o% it# de#ig" ("d the e(#e /ith /hich it# #$#te # c(" *e gr(#!ed. • • • Geotech"ic(' E"gi"eeri"g %or the !ier ("d (*ut e"t %ou"d(tio"#. 131 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. 132 44 . SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. INC. Structur(' De#ig" %or the #u!er#tructure ("d #u*#tructure e'e e"t#. INC. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES. 130 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING. INC. It i# i !er(ti+e th(t ( *ridge de#ig"er. SITE SELECTION AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE PHILIPPINES.e"gi"eer u#t *e co"cer"ed /ith: • • )igh/($ De#ig" %or the o+er!(## ("d u"der!(## ('ig" e"t ("d geo etr$.11/16/2013 BRIDGE DESIGN SEMINAR: PLANNING.

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