28 views

Uploaded by Partha Bhattacharjee

iit chemistry

save

- Chemical Kinetics Part 2
- Chp-01-Atoms, Mole Concept, Atomic Structure (e)_doc
- Types of Carbons In Organic Chemistry
- Alcohols Ethers Phenols
- Chemistry 1 Chapter 3 Study Guide Packet
- Solutions of Typical Problems on Aromatic Compounds
- Investigatory Project Details
- Kinetic Theory of Gases and Thermodynamics Theory_E
- Carbohydrate, Amino, Poly- Theory_E
- UNIT - 15 Polymers
- ranjith shahi
- 5 Pollution
- Isomerism Final
- Chemical Kinetics
- Chemical Kinetics
- CHEMISTRY (ORGANIC) REACTION
- test_7
- DPP 04 Ionic Equilibrium JH Sir-4295
- 01-Ionic equilibrium-Theory-Final-E.pdf
- Organic Chemistry Exam Solutions
- Directing Aromatic Substituents Groups
- Thermodynamic Relations
- 15_Amines (New).pdf
- p block
- KS Mole Concept 2
- SN1
- chemical bonding test
- AToms Model Questions + Solution
- 12 Chemistry Exemplar Chapter 15
- Aromatic Compound_2 (1)
- 89585bd73030199.pdf
- 585730606577642
- AIIMS-2015-Mock-Test-Paper-with-Answers.pdf
- 73573074141 Bc 36
- 575730601456 e 21
- 71573065e4bf738
- 109595382533 Dda A
- 8359539c8b53905
- 5657305 f Df 75352
- 7857397566542 Da
- 9359539a2fe92ef
- 68573063d20d5fd
- Question Report (7)
- 5257305e9f9946c
- Physics for You - November 2017
- 10358ca8832a3719 errata
- 845791a8cbf2c3b
- 5157305e635aac9
- 956fe5fb160feb
- 91585bd7a6a4ca0
- AIIMS Paper 1994
- AIIMS Paper 1994 Solution
- 87585bd6e184e4c
- 88585bd702bf516
- 5057305e15c115d
- 1056fe5fd01b417
- AIIMS Paper 1995 Solution
- Nur 3101 AIOT Anskeyr
- AIIMS Paper 1996 Solution
- 89585 Bd 73030199

You are on page 1of 3

Atomic Structure Questions were not asked regularly from this chapter. In the last four years of objective pattern matching type questions asked in 2006 & 2008. Areas to be focused are Bohr’s model & hydrogen spectrum, quantum numbers and electronic configuration Mostly formula based problems come from this chapter. Committing mistakes can be over come by use of appropriate formula in the right format and use of all physical quantities in same units(SI units) Expressions for radius, energy and velocity of electron moving in nth orbit of hydrogen atom (or hydrogen like species)

h2 n2 r = n2 2 = 0.529 × Å 2 Z 4π m(Ze / 4πε0 ) 2 1 2π2m(Ze 2 / 4πε0 ) Z2 –12 E=− 2 = – 21.8 × 10 × 2 erg per atom 2 n h n 2 2 Z Z = – 13.6 × 2 eV per atom = – 313.6 × 2 Kcal per mol n n Z 2π(Ze2 / 4πε0 ) ν= = 2.18 × 108 × cm/sec. nh n

**The expression of spectral transitions is ∆E = Z2 Rhhc
**

1 1 − 2 2 n1 n2

2

where RH, known as Rydberg constant, RH =

2π2m(e 2 / 4πε0 ) = 1.09678 × 10 7 m−1 h3 c

Hydrogen Spectra The lines in the series were related to one another and could be represented in a single formula

1 1 1 = RH 2 − 2 m λ n

λ is the corresponding wavelength, RH is a constant (Rydberg constant), n and m are whole numbers related to the series as follows: Lyman series n=1 m = 2, 3, 4 … Balmer series n=2 m = 3, 4, 5 … Paschen series n=3 m = 4, 5, 6 … Brackett series n=4 m = 5, 6, 7 … Pfund series n=5 m = 6, 7, 8 … Heisenberg’s Uncertainity Principle: According to this principle “it is not possible to determine precisely both the position and the momentum (or velocity) of a microscopic moving particle”. Mathematical expression is ∆x ×∆p ≥ De Broglie’s Equation: According to de Broglie’s theory electron has a dual character, both as a material particle and as a wave. Wavelength (λ) of a particle of mass m, moving with velocity V is expressed as h h h (h = Planck’s constant) (or) λ = (or ) λ = Ek=Kinetic energy, V=Potential λ = mV 2mEk 2meV difference

h 4π

ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ

respectively Z . 2 8π m Nodes: Number of radial / spherical nodes = n – l – 1. p.2. h = Planck’s constant E = total energy of electron.E Schrodinger Wave Equation: The behaviour of an electron inside an atom can be expressed through Schrodinger Wave Equation. hν = hνo + K. For s. Nodal plane: Number of nodal plane for a sub shell = l ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ .1. so. ∂ 2 ψ ∂ 2 ψ ∂ 2 ψ 8π 2 m + + + 2 [E − V] ψ = 0 ∂x 2 ∂y 2 ∂z 2 h Ψ= wave function.sub – shells of orbitals. ∇2ψ + V = potential energy of electron.ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ Orbital Angular Momentum of Electron: L= ( + 1) h 2π = azimuthal Q. = 0. θ ≠ 0 s(s + 1) h 2π n(n − 1) 2 Spin angular momentum of electron. ∇ 2 is Laplacian Operator h2 ∇ 2ψ + Eψ − V ψ = 0 . Ls = Number of possible spectral lines that may be emitted by a sample of one electron system (atom or ion) containing all or some speeds excited to nth energy level = Number of revolutions per second made by an electron in nth orbit = Photoelectric Effect: Vn =n 2πrn Electrons come out as soon as a beam of light falls on the surface of the metal if the frequency of incident light is greater than threshold frequency.N. 8π 2 m h2 V − ∇ 2 ψ = Eψ. d.Component of orbital angular momentum of an electron in an orbital is given by h L = m 2π Where m = – to + including zero (only integral value) If θ be the angle between Z – axis and angular momentum vector then L2 = L cosθ Or m h = 2π ( + 1) h Cosθ 2π Or m = Since m ≠ ( + 1) cosθ ( + 1) . f -----------. 8π 2 m (E − V)ψ = 0 : h2 m = mass of electron. More is the number of nodes more is the energy of orbital.3 ---------.

84 cm For an electron in a hydrogen atom the wave function.5 RH (C) 8 RH 2.175 cm (D) 3.0 x 104 cm s–1 accurate up to 0. The uncertainty in the position of electron moving with a velocity of 3. The difference between nth and (n + 1)th Bohr’s radius of H-atom is equal to its (n – 1)th Bohr’s radius.011% will be (A) 1.92 cm (B) 7. (D) 8 9 RH 3. The value of n is (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 Uncertainty in position and momentum are equal. − r (A) e 6. The wave number of radiation emitted during the transition of electron in between two levels of Li2+ ion whose principal quantum numbers sum is 4 and difference is 2 is: (B) 4 RH (A) 3. o 1 h 2m π (D) 1 h m 2π 5. where ao is the Bohr’s radius. Then uncertainty in velocity is (A) 1 h/π m (B) 1 h/π m (C) 4.68 cm (C) 0. ψ is proportional to e a .ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ Model Questions 1. then the magnitude of orbital angular momentum can be (A) 2 h / 2π (B) 3 h / 2 π (C) 6 h / 2π (D) Both A and C 1 C 2 D 3 C 4 C 5 D 6 D ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ . (B) e2 (C) 1 e2 (D) zero h If Z-component of orbital angular momentum is 2π . What is the ratio of probability of finding the electron at the nucleus to the probability of finding it at ao.

- Chemical Kinetics Part 2Uploaded bySecret Squirrel
- Chp-01-Atoms, Mole Concept, Atomic Structure (e)_docUploaded byLuis Anderson
- Types of Carbons In Organic ChemistryUploaded bypfeffer92
- Alcohols Ethers PhenolsUploaded byAkshay Nilawar
- Chemistry 1 Chapter 3 Study Guide PacketUploaded byWyatt Wynter Mendoza
- Solutions of Typical Problems on Aromatic CompoundsUploaded bynyddogghr_fenrys
- Investigatory Project DetailsUploaded bySuyog Gadhave
- Kinetic Theory of Gases and Thermodynamics Theory_EUploaded bythinkiit
- Carbohydrate, Amino, Poly- Theory_EUploaded bythinkiit
- UNIT - 15 PolymersUploaded bySuyog Gadhave
- ranjith shahiUploaded bySabhari Ram
- 5 PollutionUploaded bythinkiit
- Isomerism FinalUploaded byajayyashpal
- Chemical KineticsUploaded byShantam Sinha
- Chemical KineticsUploaded byG M Ali Kawsar
- CHEMISTRY (ORGANIC) REACTIONUploaded byTapas Banerjee
- test_7Uploaded bySabhari Ram
- DPP 04 Ionic Equilibrium JH Sir-4295Uploaded byT sidharth
- 01-Ionic equilibrium-Theory-Final-E.pdfUploaded byChhavindra Tripathi
- Organic Chemistry Exam SolutionsUploaded bylexi
- Directing Aromatic Substituents GroupsUploaded bySujit Singh
- Thermodynamic RelationsUploaded byGadde Gopala Krishna
- 15_Amines (New).pdfUploaded bythinkiit
- p blockUploaded bythinkiit
- KS Mole Concept 2Uploaded byNeha Kaur Sinha
- SN1Uploaded byAmeerRashid
- chemical bonding testUploaded byChhavindra Tripathi
- AToms Model Questions + SolutionUploaded byKarttik Singh
- 12 Chemistry Exemplar Chapter 15Uploaded bykumarm78
- Aromatic Compound_2 (1)Uploaded byDianne Thomas

- 89585bd73030199.pdfUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 585730606577642Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS-2015-Mock-Test-Paper-with-Answers.pdfUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 73573074141 Bc 36Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 575730601456 e 21Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 71573065e4bf738Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 109595382533 Dda AUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 8359539c8b53905Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5657305 f Df 75352Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 7857397566542 DaUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 9359539a2fe92efUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 68573063d20d5fdUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- Question Report (7)Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5257305e9f9946cUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- Physics for You - November 2017Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 10358ca8832a3719 errataUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 845791a8cbf2c3bUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5157305e635aac9Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 956fe5fb160febUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 91585bd7a6a4ca0Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1994Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1994 SolutionUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 87585bd6e184e4cUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 88585bd702bf516Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5057305e15c115dUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 1056fe5fd01b417Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1995 SolutionUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- Nur 3101 AIOT AnskeyrUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1996 SolutionUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 89585 Bd 73030199Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee