21 views

Uploaded by Partha Bhattacharjee

iit chemistry

save

- Test Paper Science 1st
- Assignment 1 Solutions 2016
- air eliminationC1.pdf
- Lecture 6
- Experiment 173 - Pro Forma 2015-16 Version (1)
- 2008 AL PHY IB MS
- BCT_2104561-AC_PGC1000
- Thermal Energy
- Vent and Flare Systems
- gas lesson plan
- Lecture_34_Binary Systems.pdf
- Symbols in Physics
- Omega flow mweter
- L11-RealGases-SPE26668
- Formula Rio
- A Learning Module is Science and Health
- math methods
- Thermodynamics Markscheme
- Final Gas Diffusion
- JNU-MSc-2006.pdf
- Bcfnl08ans Space 3
- ChemHL P1 M00
- JEE Main Mock test From IITian's TAPASYA
- AIIMS Model Paper 1
- Two Phase
- 5054_s13_qp_12.pdf
- RBE All Fluids
- 9702_s04_qp_4
- An Experimental and Theoretical Study of Heat and Mass Transfer d
- EA_P_DPP15_WA
- Physics for You - November 2017
- 5257305e9f9946c
- Question Report (7)
- 68573063d20d5fd
- 9359539a2fe92ef
- 5657305 f Df 75352
- 7857397566542 Da
- 8359539c8b53905
- 109595382533 Dda A
- 71573065e4bf738
- 575730601456 e 21
- 73573074141 Bc 36
- AIIMS-2015-Mock-Test-Paper-with-Answers.pdf
- 585730606577642
- 89585bd73030199.pdf
- 89585 Bd 73030199
- AIIMS Paper 1996 Solution
- Nur 3101 AIOT Anskeyr
- AIIMS Paper 1995 Solution
- 1056fe5fd01b417
- 5057305e15c115d
- 87585bd6e184e4c
- 88585bd702bf516
- AIIMS Paper 1994 Solution
- AIIMS Paper 1994
- 91585bd7a6a4ca0
- 956fe5fb160feb
- 5157305e635aac9
- 845791a8cbf2c3b
- 10358ca8832a3719 errata

You are on page 1of 2

Gaseous State

This is one of the most important small chapters with good weightage physical chemistry chapter Questions were asked regularly in the previous exams Mostly questions came from Behaviour of real gases and Vander Waal’s equation. Problems and theoretical questions came with almost same priority in the recent four years papers Areas to be focused: (i) Vander Waal’s equation with proper understanding of all the terms and their physical significance (ii) Molecular velocities and Graham’s law of diffusion Equation of State: The combination of Boyle’s law, Charles law and Avogadro’s law leads to the expression PV = nRT. R = 0.0821 L atm K-1 mol-1 = 8.314 J K-1 mol-1 = 8.314 × 105 Pa m3 K-1 mol-1 = 8.314 × 102 kPa dm3 K-1 mol-1 = 8.314 Mpa cm3 K-1 mol-1 = 1.987 cal K-1 mol-1

Graham’s Law of Diffusion: Mathematically, it is expressed as, r ∝

1 ρ or ∝ 1 M

Comparison of the rate of diffusion of two gases under identical conditions provides the relation r1 P1 d2 r1 P1 M2 = or = where d1 and d2 are vapour density of two gases r2 P2 d1 r2 P2 M1 M1 and M2 are molecular mass of two gases

Root Mean Square Speed

urms

2 u1 + u2 2 + = N 2 + uN 1 2

urms =

3RT M

Average Speed

u av =

u1 + u 2 + N 8RT u av = . πM

2RT M

+ uN

Most Probable Speed

ump =

Comparing the three speeds listed above, we find that urms : uav : ump : : 3 : 8 / π : 2 urms > uav > ump Average Kinetic Energy

KE = 3pVm 3RT 3 = = kT 2NA 2NA 2

Where k = R/NA is known as Boltzmann constant. Van der waal’s Equation of State: Van der Waal pointed out that the deviations shown by real gases are due to the following two facts. 1. The volume occupied by the molecules is not negligible in comparison to the total volume of the gas. 2. There exist forces of attraction between the molecules.

ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ

P = pressure. 2. greater will be the value of ‘a’.ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ Van der Waal systematically corrected the ideal gas equation in the light of the above two corrected equation for one mole of gas is a p + 2 (V − b) = RT V facts. l= kT 2 πσ 2 P k = Boltzmann constant. The There constant ‘a’ depends on intermolecular force of attraction between gas molecules. 3. D 2. C A sample of gas contains N1 molecules. Another sample of gas at 27oC has total kinetic energy as 2E ergs. Model Questions 1. Ti = Ř Mean Free Path It is the average distance travelled by a gas molecule between two successive collisions. Statement-2: All gases behave ideally at their Boyle’s temperatures over a wide range of pressure. 4 b = 4 × πr 3 × N 4 Where r = radius of one molecule. TC = Řŝ Ř Ş . Assuming gas to be ideal. if RT = 2 Pa . the number of gas molecules in the 2nd sample will be (B) N1/2 (C) 2N1 (D) 4N1 (A) N1 A Statement-1: Hydrogen and helium show positive deviation at all temperatures and pressures. 3 When the Pressure is not too High: When the Pressure is too High: Boyle Temperature: TB = PV = RT – a/V PV = RT + Pb Critical Phenomenon It is the temperature above which gases can never be liquefied however high may be the pressure applied. its total kinetic energy at -123oC is E ergs. The constant ‘b’ depends on size of molecules. T = temperature. ǁǁǁ͘ƐĂŬƐŚŝĞĚƵĐĂƚŝŽŶ͘ĐŽŵ . VC = 3b Inversion Temperature: The temperature below which a gas on subjecting to Joule-Thomson effect shows cooling effects and above which it shows heating effects is called inversion temperature (Ti). Řŝ Critical Pressure: The pressure just required to liquify a gas at critical temperature is called critical pressure. then the volume occupied by a real gas is (A) 2RT/P (B) 2P/RT (C) RT/2P (D) RT/P 1. Greater the attraction. At low pressure. 3. s = collision diameter. PC = Critical Volume: The volume of a gas at the critical temperature and critical pressure is called critical volume.

- Test Paper Science 1stUploaded byJohn Bailor Fajardo
- Assignment 1 Solutions 2016Uploaded bysyazwan
- air eliminationC1.pdfUploaded bydk24991
- Lecture 6Uploaded bySam
- Experiment 173 - Pro Forma 2015-16 Version (1)Uploaded byrash0wd
- 2008 AL PHY IB MSUploaded bystanleywong
- BCT_2104561-AC_PGC1000Uploaded byvda
- Thermal EnergyUploaded byMd Irtiza Hafiz
- Vent and Flare SystemsUploaded byKmt_Ae
- gas lesson planUploaded byapi-246807376
- Lecture_34_Binary Systems.pdfUploaded byShanmukShannu
- Symbols in PhysicsUploaded byJustyn Oh
- Omega flow mweterUploaded byIan G. Walker
- L11-RealGases-SPE26668Uploaded bynaefmubarak
- Formula RioUploaded byAnonymous ETPqS5NG9
- A Learning Module is Science and HealthUploaded byEric SandØval
- math methodsUploaded bySayan Roy
- Thermodynamics MarkschemeUploaded byAlankar Srivastava
- Final Gas DiffusionUploaded byN Afiqah Razak
- JNU-MSc-2006.pdfUploaded byGurvir Singh
- Bcfnl08ans Space 3Uploaded byMartin Lee
- ChemHL P1 M00Uploaded byWilvyn Tantongco
- JEE Main Mock test From IITian's TAPASYAUploaded byAkash Goyal
- AIIMS Model Paper 1Uploaded byGaurav Gupta
- Two PhaseUploaded byxarqam
- 5054_s13_qp_12.pdfUploaded byKevin Aarasinghe
- RBE All FluidsUploaded byapi-3700460
- 9702_s04_qp_4Uploaded byapi-3706826
- An Experimental and Theoretical Study of Heat and Mass Transfer dUploaded byedgardiaz5519
- EA_P_DPP15_WAUploaded byAAVANI

- Physics for You - November 2017Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5257305e9f9946cUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- Question Report (7)Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 68573063d20d5fdUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 9359539a2fe92efUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5657305 f Df 75352Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 7857397566542 DaUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 8359539c8b53905Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 109595382533 Dda AUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 71573065e4bf738Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 575730601456 e 21Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 73573074141 Bc 36Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS-2015-Mock-Test-Paper-with-Answers.pdfUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 585730606577642Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 89585bd73030199.pdfUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 89585 Bd 73030199Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1996 SolutionUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- Nur 3101 AIOT AnskeyrUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1995 SolutionUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 1056fe5fd01b417Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5057305e15c115dUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 87585bd6e184e4cUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 88585bd702bf516Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1994 SolutionUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- AIIMS Paper 1994Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 91585bd7a6a4ca0Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 956fe5fb160febUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 5157305e635aac9Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 845791a8cbf2c3bUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- 10358ca8832a3719 errataUploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee