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Floor plan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For integrated circuit diagrams, see Floorplan (microelectronics). For the financial term, see Retail floorplan.

Sample floor plan for a single-family detached home

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Graphical projection





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a plan is understood to be drawn at a particular vertical position (commonly at about 4 feet above the floor). This convention . A "reflected ceiling plan" shows a view of the room as if looking from above.2 Plan view 3 Examples 4 See also 5 References Overview[edit] Similar to a map the orientation of the view is downward from above. or a section or "cross section" where a building. and objects above this vertical position within the structure are omitted or shown dashed. water heaters. as opposed to an "elevation" which is a measured plane projected from the side of a building. Plan view or "planform" is defined as a vertical orthographic projection of an object on a horizontal plane. or symbols for electrical items. is cut along an axis to reveal the interior structure. etc. Objects below this level are seen. For example. a floor plan otherwise known as a Scottish plan is a drawing to scale. E In architecture and building engineering. it may denote the arrangement of the displayed objects at an exhibition. The term may be used in general to describe any drawing showing the physical layout of objects. along its height. furnaces. Now drawings are reproduced using plotters and large format xerographic copiers. construction methods. Floor plans may also include details of fixtures like sinks. Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths. Floor plans may include notes for construction to specify finishes. like a map. but unlike a conventional map.1 Building blocks 2. spaces and other physical features at one level of a structure. through the ceiling. objects at this level are shown 'cut' in plan-section. It is also called a "plan" which is a measured plane typically projected at the floor height of 4'. Contents [hide]   1 Overview 2 Floor plan topics o o    2. of the relationships between rooms. which shows the reflected image of the ceiling above. or the arrangement of exhibitor booths at a convention. showing a view from above. at a mirror installed one foot below the ceiling level.

water heater etc. Reflected Ceiling Plans or RCP's are used by designers and architects to demonstrate lighting. but they are not sections as their viewing plane is outside of the object. In such views. the roof and upper portion of the walls may be omitted. Floor plan topics[edit] Building blocks[edit] A floor plan is not a top view or birds eye view. visible mechanical features. the portion of the object in above the plane is omitted to reveal what lies beyond. a plan is a section viewed from the top. Interior features such as fireplaces. Roof plans are orthographic projections. Examples[edit]  . A floor plan could show:[1]       Interior walls and hallways Restrooms Windows and doors Appliances such as stoves. refrigerators. It is often used in technical drawing and is traditionally crosshatched. In other words. A plan is a common method of depicting the internal arrangement of a 3-dimensional object in two dimensions.maintains the same orientation of the floor and ceilings plans . It is a measured drawing to scale of the layout of a floor in a building. saunas and whirlpools The use of all rooms shall be indicated Plan view[edit] A plan view is an orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane through the object.looking down from above. In the case of a floor plan. The style of crosshatching indicates the type of material the section passes through. A "top view" or "bird's eye view" does not show an orthogonally projected plane cut at the typical 4' height above the floor level. and ceiling forms as part of the documents provided for construction.

 An office plan. Wikimedia Commons has media related to floor plans. basic house floor plan. Jump up^ Site Plans. See also[edit]    Architect's scale Architectural drawing Room number References[edit] 1. Accessed 11 February 2009. Categories:   Technical drawing Architectural terminology . Elevations and Floor Plans A Community Guide San Jose.Typical U.  A sample floor plan of a Caravanserai.S.

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