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(10 % 1000 g =) 100 g ethanol and (90 % 1000 g =) 900 g octane;

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n(ethanol) = 2.17 mol and n(octane) = 7.88 mol;

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(iii)

Ereleased from ethanol = (2.17 × 1367) = 2966 (kJ);
Ereleased from octane = (7.88 × 5470) = 43104 (kJ);
total energy released = (2966 + 43104) = 4.61 × 104 (kJ);
Award [3] for correct final answer.
Accept answers using whole numbers for molar masses and rounding.

IB Questionbank Chemistry

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D [1] 10. 2 [7] 9. A [1] 13. B [1] 16. fewer intermolecular bonds/forces to break / vaporization is endothermic / gaseous fuel has greater enthalpy than liquid fuel / OWTTE. D [1] 12.(b) greater. D [1] 11. C [1] 15. D [1] 14. D [1] IB Questionbank Chemistry 2 . M2 cannot be scored if M1 is incorrect.

100 × 0. Allow zero/nought for 0.5.3 % i. Allow 63. (a) (i) Copper: 0 to +2 / increases by 2 / +2 / 2+. (ii) (b) 2 nitric acid/HNO3 / NO3–/nitrate. 1 (iii) (63.2   10/10.e. Nitrogen: +5 to +4 / decreases by 1 / –1 / 1–.0285.85 × 10–3 (mol). Penalize missing + sign or incorrect notation such as 2+.17.7 % 1  44. Allow nitrogen from nitric acid/nitrate but not just nitrogen.2 − 39. Allow 11.456  39. percentage obtained in (iv) is used to divide instead of 44.85 × 10–3 (mol). once only.55 × 2.2 %. Award [2] for correct final answer. 2. A [1] 19. 2+ or II. 1 (i) (iv) (v) IB Questionbank Chemistry 3 .2 %. 1  0.7  × 100 =   44.85 × 10–3) = 0.181 g. A [1] 18.181  ×100 =    0. 1 0. 2 (ii) 2.

00544 / 5. IB Questionbank Chemistry 2 4 .00306 / 3. Award [1] if this equation correctly balanced.00238) = 0.100 mol dm–3 × 0. 1 Penalize not dividing by 1000 once only in (a) and (b).02720 dm3) = 0.200 mol dm–3 × 0. B [1] 22.02380 dm3) = 0.(c) Brass has: delocalized electrons / sea of mobile electrons / sea of electrons free to move. D [1] 24. (b) n(HCl) excess (= 0.38 × 10–3 (mol). A [1] 23. Award [1 max] for the following equations: 2HCl(aq) + CaCO3(s) → CaCl2(aq) + H2CO3(aq) 2H+(aq) + CaCO3(s) → Ca2+(aq) + H2CO3(aq) Ignore state symbols.00544 – 0.44 × 10–3 (mol). 1 (d) 2HCl(aq) + CaCO3(s) → CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) / 2H+(aq) + CaCO3(s) → Ca2+(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g). No mark for just “mobile electrons”.06 × 10–3 (mol). B [1] 21. Award [1] for correct reactants and products. (a) n(HCl)(= 0. 1 [10] 20.00238 / 2. 1 (c) n(HCl) reacted (= 0.

1 / M = 100.5 % %CaCO3  Accept answers in the range 79. Accept 100.8 to 81. C [1] 26.  0.4 % / 81.00) = 100.153 (g). (g) 3 only CaCO3 reacts with acid / impurities are inert/non-basic / impurities do not react with the acid / nothing else in the eggshell reacts with acid / no other carbonates.01 + 3 × 16. (f) 2 Mr(CaCO3) (= 40. D [1] 27.09 (g mol–1) = 0. m(CaCO3)(= nM) = 0.09 /100.00153 / 1. Do not accept “all calcium carbonate reacts with acid”. Award [2] for correct final answer. D [1] 28.09 /100. Award [3] for correct final answer.00153 (mol) × 100.(e) 1 n(CaCO3) = ( 2 n(HCl)) = 1 2 × 0. C [1] IB Questionbank Chemistry 5 .5 %. 1 [11] 25. B [1] 29.53 × 10–3 (mol). = 0.08 + 12.00306.153  × 100  = 0 .1 (g mol–1). 188  = 81.

UV/ultraviolet light. IB Questionbank Chemistry 4 max 1 6 . Accept names. (d) 2 Initiation: Br2 → 2Br•. Do not penalize the use of an incorrect alkane in the mechanism. C [1] 31. Accept radical with or without • throughout. Award [1] for any termination step.80 and nH = 1. Termination: [1 max] Br• + Br• → Br2. ratio of 1: 2. C3H8.67 /1: 2. No penalty for using 12 and 1. Allow second order in place of bimolecular. RCH2• + RCH2• → RCH2CH2R. Propagation: Br• + RCH3 → HBr + RCH2•. 3 (b) C3H8.01 = 18.7 18. 1 (c) (i) Br2 /bromine.01 = 6.3 nC = 12. (a) 81. (e) (i) substitution and nucleophilic and bimolecular/two species in rate-determining step. RCH2• + Br2 → RCH2Br + Br•. Accept hf/hv/sunlight.30.1.7. RCH2• + Br• → RCH2Br. (ii) 2 Cr2O72– /MnO4– and acidified/ H+ /H3O+. heat / reflux.

Do not penalize the use of an incorrect alkyl chain in the mechanism.(ii) curly arrow going from lone pair/negative charge on O in OH – to C. C [1] IB Questionbank Chemistry 7 .C bond is represented unless already penalized in M1. square brackets and partial bonds. 3 [16] 32. C [1] 33. Do not penalize if HO and Br are not at 180° to each other. representation of transition state showing negative charge. Do not allow curly arrow originating on H in OH– curly arrow showing Br leaving. C [1] 36. Do not award M3 if OH ---. Accept curly arrow either going from bond between C and Br to Br in bromoethane or in the transition state. D [1] 34. A [1] 35.

3 (i) rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction / forward and reverse reactions occur and the concentrations of the reactants and products do not change / OWTTE. 2 IB Questionbank Chemistry 8 .37.05 = 6. increases the rate of the forward and the reverse reactions equally (so equilibrium reached quicker) / it lowers Ea for both the forward and reverse reactions by the same amount / OWTTE. B [1] 39.0 amount of methanol = 32.0 amount of oil = 885.144 mol. 1 [glycerol]× [biodiesel] 3 (ii) (iii) (iv) (d) 3 Kc = [ vegetable oil] × [methanol] .6 = 1. since three mol of methanol react with one mol of vegetable oil the amount of excess methanol = 6. to move the position of equilibrium to the right/product side / increase the yield of biodiesel. 200.808 mol. No ECF for explanation.144) = 2. 1 1 no effect (on position of equilibrium). (a) (b) (c) ester. B [1] 38. 2 vegetable oil is mainly non-polar and methanol is polar / OWTTE.204 – (3 × 1. 1 1013. Do not allow simply mixing. stirring brings them into more contact with each other / increase the frequency of collisions / OWTTE.240 mol.

C [1] IB Questionbank Chemistry 9 .16 × 10–3 = 6. 1 (iii) MnO4– + 5Fe2+ + 8H+ → Mn2+ + 5Fe3+ 4H2O.53 %.32 × 10–4 mol.0 percentage yield = 1018 × 100 = 79.48 × 10–2 g. 811. (a) (b) (i) Fe2+ → Fe3+ + e–.6 amount of MnO4 = 1000 × 0.67 %. D [1] 42. 1 (ii) amount of Fe2+ = 5 × 2.32 × 10–4 = 1.43 percentage of Fe2+ in tablet = × 100 = 4.0200 = 2.55) maximum yield of biodiesel = 3.(e) (f) (relative molecular mass of biodiesel. 1 (ii) MnO4– + 8H+ + 5e– → Mn2+ + 4H2O.48 × 10 −2 1. 1 (i) 11. 6. 2 the carbon dioxide was absorbed by plants initially so there is no net increase / vegetable oil is not a fossil fuel / vegetable oil is formed from (atmospheric) carbon dioxide / OWTTE. 1 [14] 40.16 × 10–3 mol. Accept e instead of e–. C9H36O2 = 296. 2 – [7] 41.85 × 1.432 mol / 1018 g. Allow 80 % for percentage yield. 1 (iii) mass of Fe2+ = 55.

80 %. m = (180. 2 2.17. 1 3. (b) (i) Mr(C7H6O3) = 138.14 Award [2] for the correct final answer. Allow 0. Accept 60–61 %. Do not accept error in reading balance/weighing scale.8 % 2 sample contaminated with ethanoic acid / aspirin not dry / impure sample. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) 3 2 Mr(C9H8O4) = 180.02 (percentage uncertainty = 2. n= Award [2] for the correct final answer.10–4. Do not accept yield greater than 100 %.15  =  138 . 1 [11] IB Questionbank Chemistry 10 . (a) carboxylic acid / carboxyl.  3.17 × 2. aryl group / benzene ring / phenyl. D [1] 45. Accept specific example of a systematic error.50 (percentage yield = 4.11 × 100 =) 60.43. 0.11(g). Do not allow carbonyl / acid / ethanoate / formula(–COOH). ester.28 × 10–2 (mol). Accept range 4.13.8 %. B [1] 44. 13   2.50 × 100 =) 0.28 × 10–2 =) 4.

1 and/or 14. 1 IB Questionbank Chemistry 11 .814 = 2 N 11.00 = 4. C [1] 48. No penalty for use of 12.48 0.814 0.814 = 1 O 65.46.01 = 1.2 12. B [1] 49. 2. (b) Award [1 max] for correct balanced equation but with electrons shown.50 1.48 .68 1.814 0. but no working shown.814 = 3 .12 4.12 0.01 = 0. 3 [3] 47.9 16.4 14. D [1] 50. Award [1 max] if the empirical formula is correct.01 = 2. C [1] 52. (a) MnO4–(aq) + 5Fe2+(aq) + 8H+(aq) → Mn2+(aq) + 5Fe3+(aq) + 4H2O(l) Award [2] if correctly balanced. Award [1] for correctly placing H+ and H2O. Do not accept iron. 2 Fe2+/ iron(II).814 = 5 H 2. Ignore state symbols. D [1] 51. C 20. C2NO5H3.68 0.

85 = 0.842 × 10–4 = 2. 2 2. 5 × 4.72 %.421 × 10–3 × 55. C [1] 58.152 × 10–2 × 2. C [1] 57. C [1] IB Questionbank Chemistry 12 .1352(g). 2 1 mol of MnO4– reacts with 5 mol of Fe2+.3682 × 100 = 36.1352 0. 4.421 × 10–3 (mol).842 × 10–4 (mol). Award [1] for correct volume Award [1] for correct calculation. C [1] 54. B [1] 56. D [1] 55.250 × 10–2.(c) (d) (e) n = 2. 0. (same number of moles of Fe in the iron ore) Allow ECF from part (a) and (c) provided some mention of mole ratio is stated. 2 [9] 53. Allow ECF from part (d).

(b) 0.4(g).200 mol Al2(SO4)3. (a) 0. 1 Use ECF from (a). empirical formula = CN. 3 [3] IB Questionbank Chemistry 13 . 1 Accept any other weak acid and correct formula.600) mol H2SO4/0. 2 Penalize incorrect units. [8] 60. (c) 0.600 mol used.900 mol H2SO4 needed. 68. A Lewis base is an electron-pair donor. (d) (e) A Brønsted-Lowry acid is a proton/H+ donor. Mr = 51. Working must be shown to get point.200 mol.59.5)(0. but only 0. 2 H2CO3 and carbonic acid / CH3COOH and ethanoic acid.9 (g mol–1).600 mol Al(OH)3 ≡ (1. :N CC N:. H2SO4 limiting reactant. 2 Some working must be shown in order to score the second point.