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WHAT IS SCIENCE
A. DIRECTIONS: Write a √ on the blank if the phrase describes a characteristic of a good scientist and an X if it does not. ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. believes in superstitions uses senses in observing things records his observations makes guesses based on rumors thinks in logical manner
B. DIRECTIONS: What would a good scientist do in the following circumstances? Circle the letter of the correct answer. 1. Anton has been wondering marine life. Until he is old enough to go scuba diving and explore, he can… a. b. c. d. read books and magazines about marine life. keep on wondering until he is old enough. watch Finding Nemo. keep a pet fish.
2. Ben wants to find out how a caterpillar becomes a butterfly. To do so, Ben should… a. b. c. d. watch National Geographic. catch a caterpillar, feed it and observe. ask his yaya to figure it out. ask the palm reader.
3. Carlo tried to do an experiment he read about in the magazine. However, his results were different from that in the article. Carlo should… a. b. c. d. throw away his experiment. forget about the whole thing. try to do the experiment again. ask his science teacher to do it for him.
Dan saw a strange insect in the garden. He should… a. b. c. d. take a picture of the insect. observe it well then get his insect book to find out what it is. step on the insect because it might bite. leave it.
5. Ethan saw a steaming pot and wondered if the steam is hot or cold. Ethan should… a. b. c. d. II. A. ask the cook if it is hot or cold. keep on looking at the steam. pass his hand through the steam to find out. draw the steam in his drawing book.
THE SENSES AND SENSE ORGANS (EYES, EARS, SKIN, NOSE, TONGUE) DIRECTIONS: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Write T if the sentence is true and F if it is not.
_____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
Scabies is caused by parasites in the skin that can cause itching. Tinea flava and athlete’s foot are caused by fungi infections. Deafness results when the eardrum in the middle ear is broken. A sty is a small boil on the eyelids. Acne or pimples form when the skin has too much sebum or oil. A person with red, watery and swollen eyes has eye boils. An ear discharge happens when water gets in the ears. Boils are eye infections caused by pus. Sinusitis is a nose ailment that causes headache. ache. A furry tongue can be caused by biting one’s tongue.
_____ _____ _____
11. 12. 13.
A mouth sore results from lack of vitamin B or C, a cheek injury or germs. A nosebleed can be caused by hot weather or strong sneezing. Colds are caused by the clogging of the sinus with mucous and symptoms include headache or painful cheeks. Tongue cracks are caused by allergies. A person has ear discharge when yellowish liquid comes out of the ear because of a pus that developed in the middle ear.
C. DIRECTIONS: Fill in the missing word. Choose from the words in the box. nose hairs sensory cells taste buds nostrils nerve ending inner ear brain tongue
Your ____________ and nose work together to help you enjoy food. The tongue has ______________ that gather information about different tastes.
3-4. The _____________, which are connected to the ____________________, can be found inside the nose. 5. 6. 7. 8. The smells that we sense are also accurately identified through the help of our _________________. From the middle ear, vibrations move through the fluid that fills the _____________________. Air enters your nose through openings called ____________. Most __________________ are found in the dermis.
C. DIRECTIONS: Match column A with column B. Write the correct answer on the blank. ______ 1. iris a. inner layer of skin where blood vessels, sweat glands and nerve endings are found oily substance that causes acne or pimples colored part of the eye organ we use for the sense of touch this makes pupils change in size lets the light enter the eye; the hole in the middle of the iris white part of the eye part of ear that has a canal that leads to the inner parts this vibrates when sound enters the ears outer layer of skin that keeps germs from entering the body
______ ______ ______ ______ ______
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
eardrum dermis outer ear sclera sebum
b. c. d. e. f.
dim light pupil
D. Write one way of taking care of each of your sense organs. 1. 2 3 4 5 Eyes: _____________________________________________ Ears: _____________________________________________ Nose: _____________________________________________ Tongue: ___________________________________________ Skin: _____________________________________________
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
A. DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks. Choose from the words inside the box. pelvis calcium muscles 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. brain hip bone backbone joints ribs tendons kneecap
The ____________ protect your heart and lungs. _____________ is a mineral that makes bones stronger. The _____________ protects your spinal cord. The skull is tough because it protects the ___________. __________________ connect bones to one another. The hipbone is also known as the ______________. Bones also work with _____________ to help you do movements like running and kicking. The _______________ protects internal organs like the intestines and urinary bladder.
B. DIRECTIONS: Write a √ on the blank if the sentence shows the proper care of the bones and an X if it does not. _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Drink lots of milk which provides calcium. Jump from high places. Eat a well-balanced diet. Take vitamins. Play rough games recklessly.
DIRECTIONS. Circle the letter of the correct answer.
1. This kind of joint makes it possible for a bone to move in many directions. a. 2. a. 3. a. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
This joint allows the bones to move around and back. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
The shoulder is an example of this. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
4. This joint allows bones to move backward and forward in only one direction. a. 5. a. 6. a. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
The lower arm bones move around this kind of joint. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
The hip joint is an example of this. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
7. This kind of joint is present in the elbows, knees, fingers and toes. a. pivot joint b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
8. A ___________ is the place where two or more bones are connected to each other. a. 9. a. 10. a. V. ligament b. joint c. skeleton
The ____________ fastens bones together. ligament b. joint c. muscle
This kind of joint allows you to curl your fingers. pivot joint MUSCLES b. hinge joint c. ball and socket joint
A. DIRECTIONS: Write V if the muscle movement described is voluntary and I if it is involuntary. _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Fred can shoot a basketball. Gary blinked when dust entered his eye. Henry shivered when he entered a cold room. Ian ran on the track field. Joe sneezed when he went into a dusty closet.
B. DIRECTIONS: Write a √ on the blank if the underlined words make the sentence correct. If it does not, write the word on the blank that would make the sentence correct. _____________ 1. _____________ 2. _____________ 3. _____________ 4. _____________ 5. Muscles that make your heart beat are voluntary muscles. Proper stretching helps keep muscles healthy. Muscles are connected to bones by tissues called ligaments. When a muscle relaxes, the muscle becomes shorter and thicker. Ligaments hold organs of the body and are slightly thinner than tendons.