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DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Why is a Statement of Philosophy so important? Where does a Statement of Philosophy fit with the National Quality Standard?
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Element 7.2.1
A statement of philosophy is developed and guides all aspects of the service's operations.

Regulation 55-56
Quality Improvement Plans
An Approved Provider must ensure that a Quality Improvement Plan is prepared for the service that: Contains a statement of philosophy.

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

There are multiple references about the philosophy statement throughout the National Quality Standards. Everything we do as educators is a reflection of our philosophy. Our practice, priorities, policies and procedures are all linked to the centre philosophy.

Examples of how services may meet the standards may include for example:
how the services statement of philosophy guides pedagogy and teaching decisions. how families contribute to the development and review of the services philosophy, policies and procedures. how a shared understanding of the services statement of philosophy underpins everyday practice and decision making and how the statement of philosophy is used to set directions, build commitment and align actions with the services goals and outcomes.

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

What do we mean by Centre Philosophy?

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Statement

of philosophy is a statement the approved provider of an education and care service must ensure is in place. It is designed to guide the operation of the service and must be available to the staff members of the service and parents of children attending the service.
Glossary, Guide to the National Quality Standard, October 2011.

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Stop Reflect Think What do we do? Why do we do it that way?

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Watch the first video from Early Childhood Australia Early Years Learning Framework Professional Learning Program website, found at the link below.
Talking about practice video clip 1

A philosophy of respect

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

A statement of philosophy should be used as a a daily guide for everyone. ( children, families, educators, staff, management and community) What is everyones understanding about:

Quality Equity Respect Partnerships

Relationships Play Diversity Reflective practice


DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Things to consider
How will we value different points of view? How will everyone own the document? Intercultural perspectives. Ethical issues.
( Early Childhood Australia Code of Ethics 2006)

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Your statement of philosophy should reflect the principles that underpin The Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010 and the Early Years Learning Framework or MTOP and will be underpinned by current theories.
Your Philosophy Statement

Reviewed annually (self review) or if significant changes to your service.

Principles of EYLF or MTOP National Law

Theoretical perspectives. New research

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Principles of the Early Years Learning Framework and My Time, Our Place.
Secure, respectful and reciprocal

relationships Partnerships High expectations and equity Respect for diversity Ongoing learning and Reflective practice.
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

The EYLF outlines best practice and reflects contemporary early childhood research and theory The EYLF encourages everyone who works with young children to see themselves as pedagogical leaders.
The Educators Guide to the Early Years Learning Framework page 6

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Is what we believe what we do?


Go to the Educators Guide to the EYLF and download from the CD document 7 -Linking theoretical perspectives and practice.

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Different theories about early childhood inform approaches to childrens learning and development. Early childhood educators draw upon a range of perspectives in their work Drawing on a range of perspectives and theories can challenge traditional ways of seeing children, teaching and learning..
The Early Years Learning Framework page 11
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Watch the second video from Early Childhood Australia Early Years Learning Framework Professional Learning Program website, found at the link below.
Talking about Practice - Part 2 Theories

Behind our work.

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Developmental Theories

Key people are Piaget, Bowlby Focus on describing and understanding the processes of change over time Ages and stages in a specific order Individual children Children learn through their exploration and play with concrete materials
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Learning Links 2010

Strengths

Cautions

Provides guidelines for assessing childrens development Scientific approach Assists planning for next steps because planning supports what the child is currently ready for. Can help identify issues for some children

Culturally bound, mainly Western Increasing linking of development with ages, leading to view of children being ahead or behind Ignores contexts

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Beliefs
Children progress through recognisable

stages in their journey to adulthood If educators understand ages and stages they can better support childrens development

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Behaviourist theories
Key people: Skinner, Pavlov Focus on behaviour is learned

and can be unlearned Changes in childrens behaviour occur because of the responses they get to their behaviour Use of rewards, praise, withdrawal of attention
Learning Links 2010 DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Strengths

Cautions

Valuable for teaching some behaviours, eg crossing a road Focuses on developing positive behaviours, often through positive reinforcement (rewards) Repetition and practice supports learning There is a reason for behaviour

Focuses on behaviours rather than dispositions and attitudes Does not take account of cultural contexts Can focus on managing behaviour rather than examining underlying causes

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Beliefs
Childrens learning is helped by the use of

rewards, praise and consequences If educators learn to recognise and manage childrens behaviour children will learn

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Socio cultural theories


Key people: Vygotsky, Rogoff, Fleer,

Malaguzzi Relationships and participation are central to learning Children are active agents and contributors in their different social groups

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Strengths

Cautions

Attends to cultural contexts, including the family Recognises that children have strengths, knowledges, skills, dispositions and understandings Learning occurs in relationship and through scaffolding

Could lead to a focus on only the social aspect of childrens learning Accepting cultural mores without challenging social inequalities

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Beliefs
Children are capable, competent learners

and create their world with more knowledgeable others Educators can recognise what children know within their own situations and build on it

Learning Links 2010

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Watch the video clip from Teacher TV at TES resources. Discuss what learning theories you saw the educator drawing from.
TES Resources Website: Developing

Communication for Language and Thinking

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Are we where we think we are?


40 35 30
educators beliefs/responses

25 20 15 10 5 0 Matuationist Behaviourist Cognitve constructivist Social constructivist psychodynamic

educators practices/observation

Winter, 2003
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

How to start.
Look at your current statement of philosophy Does it reflect whats happening in your site does it guide your everyday practice and pedagogy? Does it show a link to The Early Years Learning Framework/MTOP and the Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010? Does it provide a clear vision for the service?
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Where to next?
Staff discussions- pedagogy Principles of EYLF/MTOP-what do

they mean? Develop a shared understanding. Involve children and families Ask everyone - what makes this community unique?
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

What to Include?
A statement of philosophy: Describes the services values, beliefs and understandings

Informs understanding of educators, children, families and the community

Leads to improved practices, relationships, policies and procedures


Guide to the National Law and Regulations p43

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

Go to Early Childhood Australia and download EYLFPLP Newsletter 15

Questions to guide reflection.

Does our practice reflect the beliefs outlined in our statement of philosophy? To what extent does our statement of philosophy reflect a commitment to continuous improvement? How is a culture of respect, equity and fairness encouraged in the service? How is this communicated to educators, children and families?
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

What did you come up with? Reflections from educators about developing their statement of philosophy.

Having common understandings of what you do and why, melding individual philosophies together Identifying what you believe about.. teaching practice, why youre there, how children learn.. You can begin by encouraging staff to develop their own philosophy statement We have been taking the EYLF principles & practices and asking the staff in each room to take one at a time and write the principle or practice in their own words. This has helped staff understanding of the EYLF. We have then combined and reviewed the wording and used them in our SOP.
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

We are doing our SOP because we believe it is important, not because of NQS requirements We have organised a session with The Gowrie to help our staff articulate what they know We are giving staff opportunities to talk about their practice and understandings in fun ways to lighten things up We are providing lots of opportunities for our staff to answer questions giving them practice at work We provided a presentation on what is an inspired professional We have based our SOP on the international rights of the child
DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011

At the heart of the quality improvement agenda are the childrens best interests.

DECD Early Learning and Curriculum 2011