Petunjuk : Pergunakanlah garis selidik atau titik pojok (sudut) untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan berikut.

01. Rokok jenis “arma” yang harganya 200 dukat per bungkus dijual dengan laba 40 dukat per bungkus, sedangkan rokok jenis “armin” yang harganya 100 dukat per bungkus dijual dengan laba 30 dukat per bungkus. Seorang pedagang yang mempunyai modal 80.000 dukat, dan kiosnya mampu menampung 500 bungkus rokok. Agar pedagang tersebut memperolah laba maksimum, tentukan : 1. Berapa bungkus rokok yang harus dibeli. 2. Berapa keuntungan maksimumnya 02. Seorang penjaja kue membeli kue A dengan harga 100 cent, kemudian menjualnya dengan harga 130 cent per potongnya. Sedangkan kue B dibeli dengan harga 200 cent, dan dijual 220 cent. Jika modal yang dimiliki hanya 4000 cent, dan setiap hari hanya mampu menjual 30 kue, maka laba maksimal setiap harinya adalah ? 03. Untuk dapat diterima di suatu PT ternama, seorang calon harus lulus tes matematika tidak kurang dari 8, tes logika tidak kurang dari 5. Si Steven memiliki hasil ujian dimana jumlah dua kali nilai matematika dan tiga kali nilai logika sama denga 30. Menurut anda diterima atau tidak calon tersebut ? (=ditolak, karena ? ) 04. Seorang saudagar menjual dua jenis barang A dan B. Harga pembelian barang A Rp 1000 per satuan, barang B Rp 400 per satuan. Modal yang dmiliki Rp 250.000, sementara jumlah barang yang dibeli tidak lebih 400 satuan. Jika keuntungan barang A adalah dua kali keuntungan barang B, maka agar diperoleh keuntungan maksimal, pedagang harus membeli barang sebanyak ? 05. Seorang yang ingin sehat bermaksud untuk minum sedikitnya 36 sat vitamin A per hari, 28 sat vit C dan 32 sat vitamin D. Multivitamin jenis pertama berharga 3 sat uang menyediakan 2 sat vitamin A per hari, 2 sat vitamin C dan 8 sat vitamin D. Multivitamin jenis kedua berharga 4 sat uang menyediakan 3 sat vitamin A per hari, 2 sat vitamin C dan 2 sat vitamin D. Tentukan jumlah vitamin yang harus diminum agar kebutuhan akan vitamin terpenuhi. 06. Sebuah perusahaan truk mempunyai 2 jenis truk. Jenis I mempunyai 20 m3 kotak berpendingin dan 40 m3 tanpa pendingin. Kendaraan jenis II mempunyai 30 m3 kotak pendingin, dan 30 m3 tanpa pendingin. Petani ingin mengirim 900 m3 sayuran yang harus dikirim dengan cara mendinginkan, dan

1200 m3 tanpa harus didinginkan. Tentukan jumlah truk yang harus disewa agar ongkos sewa minimum, jika : 1. Ongkos truk jenis I adalah 30 sat.uang, dan jenis II adalah 40 sat.uang 2. Ongkos truk jenis I adalah 20 sat.uang, dan jenis II adalah 30 sat.uang 07. Seorang petani memerlukan 3 jenis zat kimia A,B, dan C masing-masing sebesar 10,12, dan 12 satuan per satuan luas. Produk dalam bentuk kering memuat zat A,B, dan C masing-masing 5,2 dan 1 satuan per karton. Produk dalam bentuk basah memuat zat A,B, dan C masing-masing 1,2 dan 4 per botol. Jika produk cair dijual dengan harga 3 satuan uang per botol dan produk kering dijual 2 satuan uang per karton, tentukan jumlah produk yang harus dibeli dengan ongkos sekecil mungkin. 08. Suatu perusahaan penambangan mempunyai 2 tempat. Tiap hari, penambangan A menghasilkan masing-masing 1 ton, 3 ton dan 5 ton biji besi kualitas kurang,sedang dan baik. Penambangan B menghasilkan masing-masing 2 ton biji besi. Perusahaan memerlukan masing-masing 80 ton, 160 ton dan 200 ton biji besi berkualitas kurang, sedang dan baik. Berapa hari penambangan tersebut harus bekerja agar ongkos yang dikeluarkan sekecil mungkin jika ongkos penambangan 200 satuan uang per hari. 09. Pedagang roti memiliki tiga bahan A,B, dan C masing-masing sebanyak 150,90 dan 150 satuan. Roti polos memerlukan bahan A,B, dan C masing-masing sebanyak 1,1, dan 2 satuan, sedangkan kue memerlukan bahan A,B, dan C masing-masing sebanyak 5,2, dan 1 satuan. Tentukan jumlah roti dan kue yang harus dibuat agar pendapatan maksimum. 10. A plant makes aluminum and copper wire. Each pound of aluminum wire requires 5 kwh of electricity and 0.25 hour of labor. Each pound of copper wire requires 2 kwh of electricity and 0.5 hour of labor. Production of copper wire is restricted by the fact that raw materials are available to produce at most 60 lbs/ day. Electricity is limited to 500 kwh/ day and labor to 40 person – hour/ day. If the profit from aluminum wire is $ 0.25/lb, and the profit from copper is $ 0.40/ lb., how much of each should be produced to maximize profit and what is the maximum profit? 11. A farmer has a 320 acre farm on which she plants two crops: corn and soybeans. For each acre of corn planted, her expenses are $ 50 and for each acre of soybeans planted, her expenses are $ 100. Each acre of corn requires 100 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $ 60; each acre of soybeans requires 40 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $ 90. If the total amount of storage space available is 19,200 bushels and the farmer has only $ 20,000 on hand, how many acres of each crop should she plant in order to maximize her profit? What will her profit be if she follows this strategy?

12. A potter is making cups and plates. It takes her 6 minutes to make a cup and 3 minutes to make a plate. Each cup uses 0.75 lb of clay and each plate uses one lb of clay. She has 20 hours available for making the cups and plates and has 250 lb of clay on hand. She makes a profit of $ 2 on each cup and $ 1.50 on each plate. How many cups and how many plates should she make in order to maximize her profit?

Linear Programming Problems

1.

A farmer has 10 acres to plant in wheat and rye. He has to plant at least 7 acres. However, he has only $1200 to spend and each acre of wheat costs $200 to plant and each acre of rye costs $100 to plant. Moreover, the farmer has to get the planting done in 12 hours and it takes an hour to plant an acre of wheat and 2 hours to plant an acre of rye. If the profit is $500 per acre of wheat and

$300 per acre of rye how many acres of each should be planted to maximize profits? 2. A gold processor has two sources of gold processor, source A and source B. In order to keep his plant running, at least three tons of ore must be processed each day. Ore from source A costs $20 per ton to process, and ore from source B costs $10 per ton to process. Costs must be kept to less than $80 per day. Moreover, Federal Regulations require that the amount of ore from source B cannot exceed twice the amount of ore from source A. If ore from source A yields 2 oz. of gold per ton, and ore from source B yields 3 oz. of gold per ton, how many tons of ore from both sources must be processed each day to maximize the amount of gold extracted subject to the above constraints? 3. A publisher has orders for 600 copies of a certain text from San Francisco and 400 copies from Sacramento. The company has 700 copies in a warehouse in Novato and 800 copies in a warehouse in Lodi. It costs $5 to ship a text from Novato to San Francisco, but it costs $10 to ship it to Sacramento. It costs $15 to ship a text from Lodi to San Francisco, but it costs $4 to ship it from Lodi to Sacramento. How many copies should the company ship from each warehouse to San Francisco and Sacramento to fill the order at the least cost? 4. A calculator company produces a scientific calculator and a graphing calculator. Long-term projections indicate an expected demand of at least 100 scientific and 80 graphing calculators each day. Because of limitations on production capacity, no more than 200scientific and 170 graphing calculators can be made daily. To satisfy a shipping contract, a total of at least 200 calculators much be shipped each day. If each scientific calculator sold results in a $2 loss, but each graphing calculator produces a $5 profit, how many of each type should be made daily to maximize net profits? 5. You need to buy some filing cabinets. You know that Cabinet X costs $10 per unit, requires six square feet of floor space, and holds eight cubic feet of files. Cabinet Y costs $20 per unit, requires eight square feet of floor space, and holds twelve cubic feet of files. You have been given $140 for this purchase, though you don’t have to spend that much. The office has room for no more than 72 square feet of cabinets. How many of which model should you buy, in order to maximize storage volume?

Hints: 1. Every group just solves three problems; but you must answer question number four. 2. Due date: 31 August 2009 by email.

Steps: 1. Define your unknowns 2. Determine the mathematic model of each problem 3. Express the objective and the constraints. 4. Write the constraints and the objective function. 5. Graph the solution area of the problems, and find the feasible corner points 6. Evaluate the objective function in all of the feasible corner points

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.