About the Authors

Michael L. Koempel is a senior specialist in American national government at the Congressional Research Service, a department of the Library of Congress. He worked previously for Congressional Quarterly Inc., and on the staffs of a U.S. representative and a state governor. Mr. Koempel holds a bachelor’s degree from Georgetown University and a law degree from The Catholic University of America, and is admitted to practice law in the District of Columbia. Judy Schneider is a specialist on Congress at the Congressional Research Service, a department of the Library of Congress, and an adjunct scholar at The Brookings Institution. She worked previously for Senate and House committees, including the Senate Select Committee to Study the Senate Committee System. Ms. Schneider was selected as a Stennis Fellow for the 108th Congress, and received the Women in Government Relations (WGR) Distinguished Member Award in 2004. Ms. Schneider is a frequent speaker and lecturer on Congress and legislative procedures. She holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees from The American University. Chapter 10 (Congress and federalism) Eugene Boyd is a public policy analyst at the Congressional Research Service, where he specializes in issues relating to federalism, intergovernmental relations, the federal grant system, and urban policy. He has also published articles on congressional actions affecting state and local governments. Mr. Boyd holds a bachelor’s degree in urban studies from Virginia Commonwealth University and has undertaken graduate studies in city and regional planning at Howard University. Chapters 13 Peggy Garvin is an information consultant and author of The United States Government Internet Manual, an annual reference book from Bernan Press, and Real World Research Skills, published in 2006 by TheCapitol.Net. She has worked with government information, libraries, and information technology over her twenty-year career with the Congressional Research Service and in the private sector. Ms. Garvin earned her Master of Library Science degree from Syracuse University.


Chapter 9 Bill Heniff Jr. is an analyst in American national government at the Congressional Research Service, where he specializes in the budget and legislative processes. He holds a doctorate in government and politics from the University of Maryland. Robert Keith, who has worked at the Congressional Research Service since 1974, is a Specialist in American National Government. He specializes in legislative procedure and the federal budget process, focusing particularly on the development and consideration of budget resolutions, reconciliation bills, authorization and appropriation acts, revenue and debt-limit legislation, and proposals to change the budget process. Chapter 10 (Congress and the executive) Henry B. Hogue earned his doctorate in public administration from The American University. His subsequent areas of study and publication have included the presidential appointment process, presidential recess-appointment authority, electronic government, and topics related to federal executive organization and management. Dr. Hogue is an analyst at the Congressional Research Service.
The views expressed in this book are those of the individual authors. They do not represent the views of their employers or of TheCapitol.Net.