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Women in a Man’s World Final essay Gender and Nationalism CULT 303
Professor: Jagoda Gregulska Student: Envera Suljić 1010250
Sarajevo, June 2013
..................... 8 References .................................. 6 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4 Margaret Thatcher .......................................................Contents Introduction ................................................................. 9 2 ................................................................................................................................ 3 Indira Gandhi ...........................................................................
I’ve decided to do a research about two successful women from different parts of the world and how society they come from sees them. with bigger or smaller success. not only in politics. jobs. she wants to be a politician She’s been dreaming about it since she was a girl She thought.1 Those would be lyrics of famous Irish band’s song that goes on about this broken world that needs to be fixed and changed and whose heroes need to find new ways for spreading their words of motivation. but as long as our personality and our skills are reduced to that one characteristic of being wife. Despite living in a liberal and democratic world. but not quite enough to have needed equality and representation (qualitative above everything else). retrieved on 05. I came across one forum where certain Mr. Main contribution of this paper would be to the area of researching influence and perception of women in politics and proving that they did not played by men’s rules.2013 3 . careers and spheres are still gendered. but simply brought they own and implement them with great belief despite risk of failure. Mafioso writes about different topics and life experiences. that she’d be the one who could change the world Always tryna pave the way for the women in a man’s world’. While searching for this paper. made me realize we have come nowhere! We might be empowered and liberal and emancipated.com/lyrics/script/wecry.Introduction ‘Mary’s ambition. The way he talked about us and placed us (‘she should empower you and make you a stronger) in house working only for his (husbands) satisfaction. things will not change. 1 http://www. Just because of this.html.azlyrics. There are many Marys in this world.06. One of his texts is about women and their place in this world.
she got same nickname as most famous female politician.html 4 . having a daughter is a shame and women are often treated like a merchandise. Literacy rate grew for 30%. she fought for equal rights for women and their social and economic emancipation. Indira Gandhi was a first female to take a post in Indian government.was a part of her speech during the Golden Jubilee Celebration of the Indraprastha College for Women in 1974. due to ideas of her father Jawaharlal Nehru. Margaret Thatcher with whom she had fond relation. The way she was raised was very much democratic. The society is very patriarchal and considers women as secondary citizens.org/multicultural/speeches/indira_gandhi_educated. It simply means adapting to new world and its order and accepting good things from both sides (because not all history or cultural traits are good and not everything future brings is bad).edchange. That is why women’s education is almost more important than the education of boys and men’2. she is symbol of feminism in India. ‘Iron Lady of India’. 2 Gandhi. she was educated in best schools in India and Great Britain. Despite having quite different political stands. There is tendency of female politicians to become more ‘manly’ as they enter the office. ‘If the home is inadequate. Indira What Educated Women Can Do?. She did not really followed his path and in office held more strict policies. but I would not say that was a case with Mrs. we can prove them wrong.Indira Gandhi Daughter of the first Indian prime minister. http://www. Gandhi. Even though some claim that she did not do anything for women of India. During this speech she also points out that accepting changes is not merely bad thing and does not require throwing away history of culture. than that country cannot have harmony and no country which does not have harmony can grow in any direction at all. She remained feminine and managed to do her job effectively (considering how big India actually is).
At the end we can say that Indian society at that time did not know what is happening and they just started discovering how and why to be proud of their nation. they cannot overrule all things she did for India. provided they organized their time well and received support from their families. in many ways. that one that cares about country and the people. Just like she said: ‘The ones that want to know will find out for themselves’6. Mineapolis. Indira Gandhi: Political Leader in India . She focused on men’s issues as well as women’s and was ready to criticize everyone. when being asked about her personality by close friend and colleague. She brought changes she believed are the best for India.2013 5 http://articles. Indira Gandhi ‘manoeuvered herself to power.doubtful and untouched by her successors.’5 During her time. In my opinion.timesofindia. nationalised the banks. things she did were non. USA 2007. absolute power.. retrieved on 09.indiatimes.com/2011-11-25/people/30440300_1_indira-gandhi-interview-power.indiatimes.06. humbled the royalty. the one that will work to achieve goals she set for her country.06. stared down the US Somervil. Those kind of people are generally misunderstood and their work is appreciated years later.2013. threatened to abolish garibi. retrieved on 09. retrieved on 09. rise national pride and represent everyone equally.Even though many saw her as bad leader. 3 5 .timesofindia.com/2009-11-07/india/28094179_1_indian-politics-indira-gandhibiggest-democracies. Sudheendra Kulkarni said that: ‘I can neither fully condemn nor fully praise (her). On the other side. What I especially admire about her is the way she balanced her private life and career.timesofindia. oldest and. the erosion of democracy in the Congress also meant grievous injury to the democratic process in India as a whole.2013. page: 95 4 http://articles.. won a war against Pakistan.indiatimes. Indira Gandhi was a great leader and true role model. whenever they deserve it. the only national political organization in the country.06. And since that party also happens to be the largest. they had a women to lead them better and severely than any male would do. 6 http://articles. She also believed that ‘working women could make good mothers too. Compas Point Book. she killed the spirit of dissent and democracy in the Congress Party.com/2011-11-25/people/30440300_1_indira-gandhi-interview-power. the Indian society faced a leader.’3 Others also thought of her as someone who ‘brought machismo to Indian politics’4 (in a good way). cut down to size the regional satraps. Barbara A. seized their purses..
2013. One of the first things she did was opposing some Conservative rules and establishing new friendship with Israel. It is still undecided whether Brits are proud or ashamed that she has been this long at the post. 7 http://articles. The media remembered her because she was the youngest and only female candidate. retrieved on 09. Another Iron Lady that rocked male’s world. retrieved on 10.06. Her greatest ally was American president Ronald Regan due to common mistrust to communism. Gandhi she’s not coming from a family of politician.timesofindia.Seventh Fleet in the Bay of Bengal. even though she supported all changes Mikhail Gorbachev brought to Soviet Union (by whom she got nickname Iron Lady). At victory dinner she quoted Duke of Wellington saying that ‘There is no such thing as a little war for a great nation’8.com/2011-11-25/people/30440300_1_indira-gandhi-interview-power. but by the length of her rule I would say that they do not mind her much. liberated Bangladesh. challenged terrorism in Punjab’7 which gives her more credit to be loved than loathed. Another lady politician who changed history and politics of her own country. but that did not stop her.post-gazette. Margaret Thatcher was first British female prime minister that was at the Downing Street 10 since 1979 until 1990. 8 http://www. by all success she had as well as by all failures she made and never hide. 6 . Unlike Mrs. but rather simple grocery owner. Margaret Thatcher Another lady politician media and her own society never let alone fully supported.2013. She was not educated in politics either.indiatimes. Most discussed decision she took was the issue regarding Falkland island and Argentina. The first interaction she had with politics was in 1950s when she twice lost elections by Labour candidate.com/stories/ae/book-reviews/margaret-thatcher-irony-and-paradox-690985/.06. the one Britain won but also the one that emptied their bank accounts and reduced military and naval power. but all her knowledge came with her intellectual quality and interest.
com/2013/04/08/world/europe/margaret-thatcher-icon-outcast. but a rather a dominant player in global and European issues. She step out of the shadow and showed that no matter from what background are you coming. retrieved on 10. So unlike. http://www. as was called when she came to the power. Gandhi she did not focused much on women’s issue. mostly in cases when she decided on her own. underrated her knowledge and her as prime minister. It could be discussed whether she tried to be a role model by her acts not policies or words. with paying zero attention to her colleagues opinion or even public opinion. we have to admire her because she was in the office full of males. she preferred male company whether she praised or condemned them.’9 The unfortunate thing is that even though she partially succeeded in that intent. Majority of people that worked with her said that she was an extraordinary person who worked to improve the image of a country she loved.cnn. 9 http://edition. the unemployment rate rose and many riots held calling for her resignation or expulsion from the party. 10 7 . a lady. but I doubt it.06. with enough commitment and knowledge you could get wherever you want. As pointed out by Roy Hattersley her conviction/ motto was: ‘Least government is the best government’ that did not really followed some of her decisions. to show the world that United Kingdom is not ‘sick man of Europe’.Thatcherism. Mrs.post-gazette.2013. retrieved on 10.06. Everyone said that even though she was a woman. she had to exercise control over them even though majority of them voted against her. At previously mentioned dinner for victory at Falklands she finished her speech by saying: ‘Gentlemen. which many described as ‘the application of a housewife's home budgeting to the national economy. their rights or equality.com/stories/ae/book-reviews/margaret-thatcher-irony-and-paradox-690985/. shall we join the ladies?’10 a moment many described as happiest in her life.2013. But despite her policies.Her greatest aim was to change British economy and because of that she reached her own ‘ism’. coupled with the encouragement of home ownership and entrepreneurial capitalism.
that despite all wrongs these two had. yet good mothers and she showed that it can be achieved. you have to admit one. powerful and important India.Conclusion As we could see from these few pages on this two different. Indira Gandhi was a perfect example of a politician who knew that national pride is something people needed. but showed what can be achieved by it. but more how you perceive yourself (in politics as well as in everything you do). so she played little with psychology and made them aware of themselves and their importance. compared to now). even if you are involved in such men world as politics is. They showed that clear determination and self confidence supported with little bit of education can bring you 8 . but with clear division of public and private and she showed how it is done. I would state. it is not about how public or your colleagues perceive you. She was the place Britain was put by other governments. they showed that there are some things that should be on top of our list of priorities and that if we want to change something the best way is by the example. so she decided firstly to show them what they actually deal with and then to let people of Britain to feel proud and work on improving national pride. Thatcher wanted women involved in any sphere. Margaret Thatcher on the other side did quite opposite. They might not emphasized importance of equal rights for women (that was equal to zero at that time. they did not focused on education of women. yet same women in politics. I think their role is extremely important because they set their rules by which all others needed to follow if they wanted to stay in the game/ politics. Gandhi and Indians wanted educated and emancipated women. without any fear of being wrong. Even though many would not consider either of the two as revolutionary female politicians. Whether you love or loathe them. all in order to build strong.
retrieved on 10.whichever position or job you want.06.edchange. USA 2007.guardian. retrieved on 10.timesofindia. 10.org/multicultural/speeches/indira_gandhi_educated.cnn.06. retrieved on 05.06.. http://www.bbc. http://articles.2013.2013.uk/history/people/margaret_thatcher.com/lyrics/script/wecry. http://www.06.cnn.h tml 3. Barbara A.com/2013/04/08/world/europe/margaret-thatcher-iconoutcast.2013.com/2011-1125/people/30440300_1_indira-gandhi-interview-power. Indira What Educated Women Can Do?. 6.post-gazette.indiatimes. And that division on male and female spheres is there as long as we see it.06. http://edition.2013. http://articles. Compas Point Book. http://www.co. 9.com/2013/04/08/world/europe/margaret-thatcher-iconoutcast. 2.uk/commentisfree/2013/apr/08/what-did-margaretthatcher-do-britain. http://edition.06.com/2009-1107/india/28094179_1_indian-politics-indira-gandhi-biggest-democracies.2013.2013 5.2013 4. Mineapolis.timesofindia. retrieved on 08. http://www.com/stories/ae/book-reviews/margaret-thatcherirony-and-paradox-690985/. Gandhi.2013 8. retrieved on 06. Indira Gandhi: Political Leader in India. http://www.azlyrics.06. Somervil. 9 .06.indiatimes. retrieved on 09.html. 7. retrieved on 09. retrieved on 10.co. References 1.