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Section Construction and Deployment

With the exception of the section all other troop


formation consist of an uneven number.

Section = 10 personnel
Platoon = 3 Sections
Company = 3 Platoons
Regiment = 3 Companies

The point of groupings of 3 allows for a 3 pronged


assault on a static or mobile target, minimizing the
targets ability to maneuver itself into a tactically
offensive position.

It has been proven repeatedly throughout history with


dismal results that an assault conducted as a single
force focusing on one point of attack generally fails
with the exception of an assault with overpowering
numbers and even then can prove to be an extremely
costly exercise.

Manipulating the defensive force to spread its


numbers by assaulting from multiple directions and
depleting its ability to concentrate firepower in one
direction.

Utilization of section deployment in an assault is not


only about how best to attack a position / opposing
force but how best to distribute and concentrate
firepower.
The section machine gunner / sniper will be
deployed to high ground or a position of best
advantage whilst the riflemen and grenadier will be
divided into two equal groups to assault the flanks.
As a defensive position is generally set around a
central point it is this point that requires the attention
of the machine gunner / sniper as it usually
comprises of the command and communication
element of the defensive force therefore it becomes
the primary objective.

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Without this element the structure and cohesion of
the force will be in disarray and turning the battle from
an assault on a force to a fight with individuals.

As a sections sole purpose is to either attack or


defend, it should be noted that troop duties and
deployment change very little regardless of which role
it it is employed in at the time.
As an opposing force will employ very similar
primary strategies ie: two groups flanking one group
providing central assault it is quite common for a
section only to deploy as two flanking groups. This
tactic often has the disadvantage of no central control
and allows the opposing force the opportunity for
maneuverability dependent on direction of greatest
threat and / or strategic advantage, example being
that due to ground and cover may allow for minimal
troops to defend adequately.

A section is comprised of:

Section commander
Radio operator
Machine-gunner / sniper
Grenadier
Riflemen x 6

General layout of the section:

Rifleman / scout
Rifleman
Rifleman
Section commander
Radio operator
Machine-gunner / Sniper
Rifleman / machine-gunners number two
Grenadier
Rifleman
Rifleman

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In the case of a non-military unit forming as an
assault /
defensive unit the structure and positioning of key
personal should remain the same.

As control of the unit is of utmost importance often as


not if the unit is of reduced numbers the commander /
leader will adopt the role of radio operator also. The
position of ' Rifleman / machine-gunners number two'
may also be deleted and the grenadier employed
primarily as another rifleman.

The point of control by the commander / leader acting


as radio operator, though the unit should all be in
radio contact with each other it is quite often common
practice to utilize a secondary frequency separate
from the command frequency.
In these situations there would be a section
communication channel for the section / unit to
converse separate from the overall task-force and a
command channel. This would require the
commander to be either very proficient at changing
channel or the carrying of another radio so as to
communicate with the command centre and the
section separately.

As one of the most critical points for an active unit is


control and cohesion it is of utmost importance for all
members to be equipped and proficient with both
radio and hand-signals. Often as not the failure of an
exercise can be directly attributed to a breakdown in
communication.

There are many areas in which a section / unit needs


to be proficient and should be laid out and taught in
separate training sessions.

Section formations and movement


Setting of an ambush position
Setting up of a defensive position / harbor
Communication and signals
Camouflage and concealment

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Basic map reading and navigation
Basic bush survival ie: health and hygiene,
] cooking
etc...

Basic stores and equipment


Construction of a range card
Personal support kit
Personal deployment kit

When deploying non military personal in a tactical


situation there are many points to consider for
maximum utilization of manpower.

It should be understood that the section commanders


decisions are absolute, however a commanders
decision based upon tactical situation and often as
not 'ego' is often a recipe for a failed mission.

For the acting commander it should be known that


though they should have absolute control they also
take the ultimate responsibility for the success /
failure of the mission.

Due to human nature troops will 'grumble' if unhappy


with the current progression of training or mission, a
good commander will take note and act upon this.

It should be noted that shamming or bullying of non


military personal will often as not create the reverse
of the desired effect. Though ' bastardization ' may
have been / be a valuable training aid within the
military non military combatants rarely react
favorably.

Utilization of individuals strengths and skills in relation


to a combat section formation.

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A knowledge of individuals weaknesses /
shortcomings, state of health, physical fitness, ability
to comprehend and follow instructions etc....

Non military personal often as not will not act upon


orders / instructions with the single mindedness of a
soldier, therefore it should be taken into consideration
how best to keep troops motivated toward the
objective.

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SECTION FORMATIONS

ARROW / WEDGE
EXTENDED LINE
SINGLE FILE
STAGGERED FILE

Factors to consider for section formation:

Direction of advance in relation to enemy positions.

Expected enemy strength

Terrain

Level of squad skills

Squad armament

Factors to consider when moving in formation:

Presenting the squad as a minimal target as possible.

Allowing for best defensive / offensive use of section


skills
and numbers upon enemy contact.

Maximum utilization of terrain for advancing /


withdrawing
squad.

Allowing for best control of squad by the squad leader.

Allowing for movement in relation to other ' friendly '


squads.

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As with the formation, spacing between squad members
should be strictly adhered to.
Often as not ranks will close unconsciously as the squad
progresses, so members need to stay very aware of their
position in relation to other squad members.
As a standard average 5 - 10 meters, dependent on
terrain, cover and position of opposing forces.

The single most important factor with squad movement


and formation is to ensure maximum survivability of
squad members in the event of an encounter with an
opposing force.

The most useful / versatile formation being the staggered


file as it generally offers the most protection while
presenting the least target area yet keeps the squad in a
controllable formation.

Arrow / Wedge formation, its usefulness is in primarily


open ground or areas of low / sparse vegetation. It allows
for a controllable and maintainable formation whilst
allowing squad members to spread out making them less
of a target.

Extended Line and Single File are generally only of value


whilst moving in dense vegetation / jungle environment
where full section contact is very minimal. Allows for
reasonable section control in these environments and
minimal ' displacement ' ( getting lost ) of squad
members in areas of limited visibility.

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Assaulting a fixed position

Factors to consider:

Arcs of fire.

Defensive strength.

Fortification.

Terrain.

Assessing layout and quality of fortification will assist in


determining enemy strength, skill and preparedness.

Layout of fortifications will determine opposing forces


arcs of fire. As the primary concern of an attacking squad
is to achieve the objective with minimal casualties
therefore assaulting to an angle that draws the least
amount of defensive fire.

Squad deployment during assault, concentrating


maximum firepower on the first objective by most suited
personal whilst from an altered angle remaining squad
members move up to seize the position.

Use of terrain to allow for maximum cover whilst moving


on the objective, covering team to be positioned where
they are able to suppress target whilst drawing minimum
fire from alternate objectives.

Assaulting squad to move rapidly and present


themselves as a minimal target as possible. Whilst
moving best utilize staggered movement / pepper potting
/ leapfrog in conjunction with cover to present the section
as a minimal number of targets at any one point.

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Setting an ambush

Firstly consider the type of ambush, the purpose.


Weather it be a disruptive hit and run, intel gathering
exercise or simply to acquire and dominate a strategic
area.

Factors to consider:

Placement of the cutoff groups.

Controllability of the kill zone.

Cover for the ambushing squad and the lack of it for


the
opposing force.

Most effective utilization and placement of squad


firepower.

Squad discipline.

When preparing for the ambush, squad discipline must


be ensured as it can be responsible for the success or
total failure.

The only member of the squad that needs to see an


advancing force is the initiator of the squad action,
therefore members need to fully utilize cover and stay
hidden.

Opposing force is allowed to pass the squad to the


point that they reach the initiator at which that person will
open fire, this being the signal for the rest of the squad to
emerge partially from cover to provide suppressing fire
over pre-designated arcs to inflict maximum casualties.

Cutoff Group 1
The initiator is typically the 'section machine-gunner' or
member that will provide maximum ' rounds down range'.

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Cutoff Group 2
The opposite end of the squad will normally be the
grenadier, ensuring that maximum casualties are inflicted
and inhibiting the attacking force from reinforcing
besieged
members.

Kill-zone
This will be the squad members in the middle ground,
normally the riflemen, providing the firepower across their
arcs to neutralize the body of the ambushed.

The most important points:

Initiator to wait for last possible moment before starting


the fire-fight but not allow first person past.

The rest of the squad must remain hidden until first


shot is fired.

Squad, including initiator to be very aware of ' arcs of


fire '.

The squad must not be positioned in such a way as to


' attract' friendly fire!. Cross fire is good but not at the
possible risk of targeting own squad members.

Ambushes are a very fast and decisive action therefore


the formation is very important in providing maximum
casualties in shortest space of time.

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Hand signals basics:

Signaling by hand is not as much the signals


themselves so much as how they are delivered /
executed!.

Crisp, clear and clean

Pointing with open flat hand, not limp wave in the


direction.

Indicating with outstretched arm, hinging at elbow.

Be deliberate and methodical with indicating.

Number or finger indicating, palm toward person.

Consider background to indication, Black gloved


hand against black BDU's?

Ensure other person has received message, watch


for a moment before moving away.

Radio procedure basics:

Short and to the point.

Clear speech.

Limit 'movie' improvisation.

Ensure serviceability of radio equipment, battery


life etc...

Team sub-channel option created for game-play.


Take allocated channel and subtract 2 ?.

'potty' or 'foul' language is never to be used under


any circumstances.
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Coms are strictly for tactical squad control and
should never be used for personal discussion or
arguments.

Basic radio responses and calls.

OVER =
you have said your part and may be waiting for
response.

OUT=
you have said your part and expect no response
and / or end of discussion.

SAY AGAIN / REPEAT LAST=


you didn't understand or hear properly the last
transmission and require it to be repeated.

ROGER / COPY=
you understood transmission and are complying
with instructions.

These basic calls either follow or precede


information but should be coupled with call-sign of
intended recipient,

e.g.: SHADOW -- SAY AGAIN -- OVER

Information contained within the call should be kept


minimal but with enough substance to inform
recipient,

e.g.; SHADOW -- MOVE TO GRID BRAVO


THIRTEEN -- OVER

When repeating a transmission to an individual


consider the reasons as to why they may not
understand you and asses your own procedure,

e.g.: SHADOW -- MOVE TO GRID BRAVO


THIRTEEN -- I SAY AGAIN -- GRID BRAVO ONE
THREE – OVER
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When repeating a message its not always
necessary to repeat recipients call sign however
precede it with 'I'

e.g.: I SAY AGAIN -- MOVE TO -------------------

Standardized words and phrases create a ' second


nature ' response to transmissions.

SIT-REP=
your position on field and situation / actions at
that point.

NOT: where you at, what are you doing, how far
away are you, wheres the enemy at, are you where
we are.

MOVE TO=
go to the instructed location / area.

NOT: go to the, head over to, run/ walk/ crawl to or


any directions involving 'potty' language.

RE-GROUP=
reform team on prior or appointed location.

NOT: you lot come here, come here, every body


back / over to me.

HOLD POSITION=
stay where you are.

NOT: stay right there, wait up for a minute, dont go


any further, stop for a minute etc etc

Though many words and phrases may seem edited


or over simplified the knowledge and consistent use
of them creates
a second nature use where if radio reception
quality, an inability to speak clearly or other
reasons inhibit clear communication the message
will still be received and hopefully understood.
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The intent of keeping transmissions short and to
the point contributes considerably toward the
message not being confused, missunderstood or
lost due to too much information for anindividual to
process.

The less talking the more understanding!

Speaking clearly. Speaking in an almost controlled


mono tone voice (as you would with a child) with
deliberate spacing between message components
to increase message clarity.

Personal disscusion / conversation should be kept


to a minimum so as not to interfere with the given
tactical situation.

Use of movie improvisation should be also kept


minimal. As funny as they can be they will
inevitably lead to the undermining of good radio
proceedure and could compromise a tactical
situation.

Vulgar or foul language should under no


circumstances ever be employed as part of a
'transmission process', 'potty mouths' should never
be condoned or tollerated by anyone transmitting or
recieving on the same frequency and some form of
disciplinary action should be taken.

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Basic Bush Skills

Basic bush skills become a necessity if a missions


duration is extended further than just a few hours.
The ability for an active combatant to be able to
maintain themselves whilst on deployment is
essential not only for themselves but the over all
functionality of the unit as a whole.

Cooking
First aid
Equipment and weapon maintenance
Simple bush craft
Accommodation / hoochie area and setup

It should also be working knowledge not only of how


to do certain things in the field but also what
equipment and stores best suited to the tasks, not
only to do the job but also functionality and ability to
carry and maintain.

Cooking,

Its not hard and fast as to what constitutes a ration


pack but common sense dictates that it must:

Constitute a meal at least twice


daily
Keep with out special packaging
Be relatively nutritional
Easily prepared

Canned goods are of a great enough selection that a


primary component of any meal can be chosen and
carried in sufficient number to sustain for deployment
duration.
Other components should also include the addition
of snack food, nut and fiber bars, sugar lollies, nuts
etc..

18
Probably the most important component in any pack
and is often taken for granted is water. Allowing for 2 -
3 liters to be consumed daily. Dehydration should be
considered an extremely real danger and measures
taken to safeguard against it.

Suggested rations list:

Canned watties spaghetti / stew x 2


Canned desert / fruit x2
muesli / fruit bars x6
sugar lollies, barley sugars etc...

Recommended utensils:

mess tin set


metal cup, recommended military ' cups canteen '
knife, fork, spoon, can opener
it would be recommended that a spoon be
considered
part of essential kit.
cooking implements, recommended would be
hexamine
cooker and associated tablets.
fire starting device matches, flint but recommended
cigarette
lighter.

Purpose and utilization of above stores and


equipment in the above lists should be covered in
basic training. Though it may appear to be a
statement in the obvious the objective is not just to
carry, cook and consume, more so to do it in the most
practical and idiot friendly way.
As there is often a great number of other kit items
being carried into theatre ie: weapon, ammunition,
sleeping kit, it is in the best interest of the individual
troop to be familiar with how to ' streamline ' both their
skills and stores as most that are unfamiliar with
outdoor living and survival will inevitably pack and
carry twice the kit necessary to achieve the objective.
19
Sleeping and Accommodation:

An often overlooked and underestimated task by


those unfamiliar with the outdoors or more to the point
the outdoors with no luxuries including basic
amenities.

Recommended minimum kit:

thermal mat
sleeping bag
bivvy bag
light weight shelter: military hoochie / basha and
associated components, poles, pegs etc...

Though the kit itself is pretty self explanatory as to


how to set up often as not for most, positioning,
location and orientation for conditions is not therefore
certain things should be taken into consideration
when setting up individual sleeping area and section
harbor.

For the individual sleeping area choosing a position is


essential in actually getting a nights sleep.

A depression in the ground or space between grass


clumps to lay a bed will minimize movement during
sleep.

Soft soil will aid in the driving of hoochie pegs and


erection of shelter but may also be an indication of
too much moisture / water in the ground

Consider wind direction when erecting shelter and


use natural foliage and cover to offer protection
against the elements inclusive of wind and rain.

Unit harbor:

The positioning of individual sleeping locations is


not only dependent personal comfort but also on
tactical strategies and situation.
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An often overlooked consideration when forming a
unit harbor is the tactical situation and location. The
unit needs to be positioned in such a way as to
present a very minimal amount of troop exposure in
the eventuality of an assault.
Utilization of natural vegetation and features to
make the direction of possible enemy contact more
predictable and the position more defendable. Use of
gun sentry through out the hours of darkness and
dispersment of pyrotechnics, trip mines and flares
and / or audible sensor alarms add to the security
however an aware and proficient troop mentality of
the tactical situation and options for position defense
is the most crucial point.

It is a known and acknowledged military fact that the


most logical time of day for an assault, wether
conducting or defending against is both sun up or sun
down as the unique light conditions make clear vision
difficult and with sun up there is the added bonus of
the defending unit arising from sleep, therefore the
most opportune time for attacking another position
would be just prior to sun up.
Military practice is that a 'stand to' a half hour
before till a half hour after both sun rise and sun set.
Working on the assumption of the opposing force
following current military practice, to plan an assault
would involve maneuvering a unit into assault
positions at least an hour prior to sunrise to best
utilize light conditions and hopefully catch the
opposing force half asleep.

21
Camouflage and Concealment

The development of apt skills in the art of camouflage


and concealment will undoubtedly give the individual
and the unit as a whole an advantage for the
execution of a mission, defense of a position and
general contact conditions.

Primary points to be noted:

Shilloete
Speed
Shape
Surroundings / Environment
Shadows
Engagement
Extraction

Shilloete:

When moving in an area that is directionally lit an


individual should consider their outline form showing,
Advancing over the crest of a ridge, day or night
On night deployment advancing through an area
of light
Moving through open ground

Speed:

When moving it should be noted that the greatest


give away is irregular motion and moving to fast will
most often catch the attention of the opposition. Even
when an opponent may be looking to the opposite
direction sudden and fast movement will usually catch
the perlifial attention of another thus revealing
location.
The simple answer is not to move faster than is
required, particularly through open spaces unless
there is an obvious threat.

22
Shape:

Being aware of an individuals shape in relation to


surrounding objects. this is particularly important in an
urban environment as it is built of primarily straight
lines whereas the human shape is not therefore it is
recommended that the use of smaller, irregular
shaped objects in the field of operations should be
fully utilized ie: Cars, shrubs, small out-buildings etc...

Surroundings / Environment :

Often as not, to much reliance is placed upon the


use of camouflage materials, BDU's etc... without the
consideration as to what pattern best hides the
individuals shape in specific environments and
theaters.

The annogramme ' DPM ' stands for Disruptive /


Disorderly Patterned Material. Though DPM
equipment BDU's etc is designed with the intention of
making detection more difficult dependent on the
environment it was intended for it should not be
considered the ultimate answer for concealment. It is
designed to disrupt the natural human shape not as a
viable substitute for a cloak of invisibility.

The use of which pattern of DPM BDU's should


be considered when considering the environment.
The darker cam patterns are primarily for dense bush,
jungle and close urban ie: tiger cam, tdu digital, black,
etc
Lighter cam patterns are intended for more open
areas. Light browns and tan are most effective for
large fields, desert and areas of sparse bush ie: multi-
cam, desert tricolor, british desert dpm etc
However some BDU cams and colors are
relatively general purpose ie: US woodland, olive
drab, NZ dpm etc.

23
Construction of a Range Card

The point of a range card is as its name suggests, a


card depicting pre-established ranges to known
points of orientation.
These are drawn up by personnel manning fixed
positions ie: machine-gun pits and forward observers
to assist and provide extra targeting information to
relieving troops and to provide targeting assistance
during contact.

Range cards can utilize an established map but often


as not are a rough sketch depicting known points :
particular trees, specific ground features and objects
in the set field etc.

The range card will depict features within a 180


degree arc and usually out to a range of 300 meters.
They are not required to have exceptional detail
however the drawn detail needs to make features and
points easily identifiable for most troops.

A range card can be drawn up on most materials,


plastic, paper, part of a cardboard box etc....

Though its details need to be accurate for its


functionality it is only as permanent as the position
being occupied therefore retaining it after deploying
to another site is dependent on the likelihood of
returning to that position at a later time.

Though a range card isn't an essential item or skill to


master it is a very useful training aid in target
acquisition, tactical deployment and range estimation
and orientation.

24
25
Personal Support Kit

In lieu of troops carrying full and comprehensive


assortment of kits to cover any possible unforeseen
event ie: First aid kit, Tool kit, Maintenance kit and
spares etc.... a basic survival kit should be
assembled.

Pocket knife / Multi-tool


Length of strong string
Roll of electrical tape
Small compass
Cigarette lighter
Sticky plasters / Medical tape
Nurophen Plus or similar

The intention of the kit is not to replace the other


more comprehensive kits rather to enable troops to
perform in a more self sufficient and self reliant way
placing less responsibility on other unit members to
retain combat integrity.

A full first-aid kit would still be carried by the unit


medic as would a tool kit by the designated armorer.

In a non military unit the creation of a position such


as QMS ' quarter master sergeant' to encompass the
duties of medic, armorer, stores person etc. not
necessarily to fulfill these duties, more so to ensure
they are accounted for.
Often as not this position would fall to the
responsibility of the 2ic and delegated to qualified /
apt' unit members.

Though a survival kit isnt compulsory those that


neglect to assemble and carry one should consider
the outcome and inconveniance for themselves if a
situation arises that they require the use of one of
these items and the other unit members are unable or
unwilling to assist.

26
Basic Bush Skills

Basic bush skills become a necessity if a missions


duration is extended further than just a few hours.
The ability for an active combatant to be able to
maintain themselves whilst on deployment is
essential not only for themselves but the over all
functionality of the unit as a whole.

Cooking
First aid
Equipment and weapon maintenance
Simple bush craft
Accommodation / hoochie area and setup

It should also be working knowledge not only of how


to do certain things in the field but also what
equipment and stores best suited to the tasks, not
only to do the job but also functionality and ability to
carry and maintain.

Cooking,

Its not hard and fast as to what constitutes a ration


pack but common sense dictates that it must:

Constitute a meal at least twice


daily
Keep with out special packaging
Be relatively nutritional
Easily prepared

Canned goods are of a great enough selection that a


primary component of any meal can be chosen and
carried in sufficient number to sustain for deployment
duration.
Other components should also include the addition
of snack food, nut and fiber bars, sugar lollies, nuts
etc...

27
Probably the most important component in any pack
and is often taken for granted is water. Allowing for 2 -
3 liters to be consumed daily. Dehydration should be
considered an extremely real danger and measures
taken to safeguard against it.

Suggested rations list:

Canned watties spaghetti / stew x 2


Canned desert / fruit x2
muesli / fruit bars x6
sugar lollies, barley sugars etc...

Recommended utensils:

mess tin set


metal cup, recommended military ' cups canteen '
knife, fork, spoon, can opener
it would be recommended that a spoon be
considered
part of essential kit.
cooking implements, recommended would be
hexamine
cooker and associated tablets.
fire starting device matches, flint but recommended
cigarette
lighter.

Purpose and utilization of above stores and


equipment in the above lists should be covered in
basic training. Though it may appear to be a
statement in the obvious the objective is not just to
carry, cook and consume, more so to do it in the most
practical and idiot friendly way.
As there is often a great number of other kit items
being carried into theatre ie: weapon, ammunition,
sleeping kit, it is in the best interest of the individual
troop to be familiar with how to ' streamline ' both their
skills and stores as most that are unfamiliar with
outdoor living and survival will inevitably pack and
carry twice the kit necessary to achieve the objective.
28
Sleeping and Accommodation:

An often overlooked and underestimated task by


those unfamiliar with the outdoors or more to the point
the outdoors with no luxuries including basic
amenities.

Recommended minimum kit:

thermal mat
sleeping bag
bivvy bag
light weight shelter: military hoochie / basha and
associated components, poles, pegs etc...

Though the kit itself is pretty self explanatory as to


how to set up often as not for most, positioning,
location and orientation for conditions is not therefore
certain things should be taken into consideration
when setting up individual sleeping area and section
harbor.

For the individual sleeping area choosing a position is


essential in actually getting a nights sleep.

A depression in the ground or space between grass


clumps to lay a bed will minimize movement during
sleep.

Soft soil will aid in the driving of hoochie pegs and


erection of shelter but may also be an indication of
too much moisture / water in the ground

Consider wind direction when erecting shelter and


use natural foliage and cover to offer protection
against the elements inclusive of wind and rain.

29
Unit harbor:

The positioning of individual sleeping locations is


not only dependent personal comfort but also on
tactical strategies and situation.
An often overlooked consideration when forming a
unit harbor is the tactical situation and location. The
unit needs to be positioned in such a way as to
present a very minimal amount of troop exposure in
the eventuality of an assault.
Utilization of natural vegetation and features to
make the direction of possible enemy contact more
predictable and the position more defendable. Use of
gun sentry through out the hours of darkness and
dispersment of pyrotechnics, trip mines and flares
and / or audible sensor alarms add to the security
however an aware and proficient troop mentality of
the tactical situation and options for position defense
is the most crucial point.

It is a known and acknowledged military fact that the


most logical time of day for an assault, wether
conducting or defending against is both sun up or sun
down as the unique light conditions make clear vision
difficult and with sun up there is the added bonus of
the defending unit arising from sleep, therefore the
most opportune time for attacking another position
would be just prior to sun up.
Military practice is that a 'stand to' a half hour
before till a half hour after both sun rise and sun set.
Working on the assumption of the opposing force
following current military practice, to plan an assault
would involve maneuvering a unit into assault
positions at least an hour prior to sunrise to best
utilize light conditions and hopefully catch the
opposing force half asleep.

Health and Hygiene:

Personal health and hygiene is considered by far


an extremely important component the the well being
and survival of a unit.

30
A simple fact is that the incapacitation of one unit
member is the loss of another for support purposes
also, therefore due to the possible neglect or ill
equipped actions or the lack of by one unit member
will cost the unit / section a minimum of two
personnel, the ten man section now becomes eight,
placing considerable strain on the units ability to
complete even the simplest of missions.

Simple factors to stay aware of:


The consumption of non-contaminated water.
Staying hydrated,
Eating relatively healthy
Getting enough sleep and rest.

Development of good personal hygiene skills


including:
changing under clothes and socks regularly,
washing
regularly, especially areas areas prone to
perspiration as
this is a breeding ground for all forms of viruses
and fungi.

Ensuring that your section commander / team


leader is
aware of your physical condition should any
issues arise,
twists and sprains, fungal conditions, cuts etc...

A good commander will stay aware of the physical


and
mental state of his troops whilst on deployment
however
often as not when asked most troops will
attempt to
convince their commander they are ok even
knowing that
their problems may develop to something more
serious.

Though a unit commander shares the responsibility of


a
members health and well-being it is only shared,
ultimately
31
it is the responsibility of the individual to ensure
they are
in fit and fighting condition and thus ensuring
they are
not a liability to other members and the integrity
of the unit
and its ability to fulfill mission requirements.

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