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INSTITUCIÒN EDUCATIVA ALCALDIA DE MEDELLIN

INSTITUCIÒN EDUCATIVA ALCALDIA DE MEDELLIN

ESTRATEGIA DE APOYO GRADO 10º AÑO 2013

OBJETIVO:

 

Facilitar al estudiante con dificultades académicas en el año 2013 la adquisición de los logros pendientes.

LOGROS ESPERADOS

 

En este plan se favorecerá la competencia gramatical. Para ello se verificará la adquisición de los siguientes logros:

Organización de párrafos coherentes cortos, teniendo en cuenta elementos

formales del lenguaje como ortografía y puntuación. • Estructuración de textos teniendo en cuenta elementos formales del lenguaje como la puntuación, la ortografía, la sintaxis, la coherencia y la cohesión

INSTRUCCIONES:

Estimado (a) estudiante, en las tablas encontrarás explicaciones a los contenidos vistos en clase. Léelas y luego haces los ejercicios. Debes entregarle al profesor los ejercicios resueltos y presentar una sustentación.

VALORACIÓN:

Este taller tendrá un valor del 40% La sustentación tendrá un valor del 60%

FORMS OF BE AND DO/ DOES

EXERCISE 1 Complete the questions with the correct form of be or do. Use (am/is/are / do/does)

  • 1 _you__a

Are

boy or a girl?

  • 2 What type of music ________

you

like?

  • 3 you?

How old

  • 4 you good at math's?

 
  • 5 your father drive a car?

  • 6 you good at drawing?

  • 7 you know any famous people?

9

________

you play tennis? .

  • 10 you live in a house or an apartment ?

________

  • 11 you tall?

________

  • 12 your grandparents live with you?

________

  • 13 your best friend older than you?

________

  • 14 you ever visit other countries on holiday?

________

  • 15 you play a musical instrument?

________

  • 16 you walk to school?

________

  • 17 your surname more than seven letters long?

________

  • 18 your eyes blue?

________

  • 19 you like horror films?

________ 20 How many languages ________ you speak? After School What do these children do after
________
20 How many languages
________
you speak?
After School
What do these children do after school?
Match the children with the activities. Then complete the sentences.
Bella and Annie __________________________________________________
Shelley __________________________________________________
Harry __________________________________________________
Mick __________________________________________________
Emma __________________________________________________
Ashley __________________________________________________
Stephen __________________________________________________
Mark __________________________________________________
Write 3 sentences about what you do after school. Choose from the pictures in
exercise before, or invent your own sentences. Then compare your sentences with
a partner.
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

THE SIMPLE PAST

THE SIMPLE PAST EJERCICIO Complete las oraciones con los verbos en paréntesis. Use SIMPLE PRESENT ,

EJERCICIO

Complete las oraciones con los verbos en paréntesis. Use SIMPLE PRESENT, SIMPLE PAST, or PAST PROGRESSIVE.

Look up these words in your dictionary and put them in the correct column (Optional)

Among - announce - appear - away - back - be - become - begin - believe - bend down - bring - castle - choose - claim - clothes - come - cottage - cut - deep - desire - discover - drink - drop - drown - eat - ending - faraway - feel - find - firewood - floor - food - form - fountain - free - get married - go swimming - handsome - have - hear - heart - hide - hold -

hop - inside - jewel - keep - kiss - lake - laugh -leave -

live - loneliness - lonely - look - lose

- love - make - meet - mind - miserable - Outside - Pain - pick - pleased - push - quit trying

to

- refuse - return - run - save - say - see - share - shore - sit - sob - spend - spot -

suddenly - sweep - take - take care - tell - then - think - through - tired - together - toward - truly - turn - understand - unhappiness - unhappy - unlucky - village - wealthy - While -

woods – young

NOUN

VERB

ADJECTIVE

ADVERB

 

(1) Once upon a time, a king and his three daughters

(live)

in a castle in a

faraway land. One day while the king (think) was thinking about his daughters, he (have)

_____had_

an idea. He (form)

___formed__

a plan for finding husbands for them.

(2) When it (come )

came

time for the three daughters to marry, the king

(announce)

announced his plan. He said, "I'm going to take three jewels to the center

of the village. The young men (meet)

_____meet____

the fountain there every day. The

three young men who find the jewels will become my daughters' husbands."

(3) The next day, the king (choose)

three jewels—an emerald, a ruby, and a

diamond—and (take)

__________

them into the village. He (hold)

 

them in his

hand and (walk)

among

the young men.

_________

First he (drop)

the emerald, then the ruby, and then the diamond. A up the emerald. Then a wealthy prince (spot) ________

down to pick it up. The king (be)

very pleased. it up. The

_____

toward the diamond and (pick)

_________. the Frog Prince. I

_____________ handsome man (pick) ________ the ruby and (bend)

__________

(4) But then a frog (hop)

frog (bring)

_________

the diamond to the king and said, "I (be) _______

________ claim your third daughter as my wife."

(5) When the king daughter, about (refuse) _________

(5) When the king

daughter,

about

(refuse)

_________

his third

the

Frog

Prince,

she

to marry him. When the people

of the land (hear)

news about the

frog and the princess, they (laugh)

__________

and

(laugh)

"Have

you heard the news?" the people (say)

to

________

each other. "Princess Tina frog!"

(6)

Tina

(feel)

_______

is

going

to

marry a

terrible.

"I (be)

the unluckiest person in the world,"

she (sob)

___________.

.___________her.

She (hide)

no one (love)

her

_________

and her father (understand, not)

_______from

her friends and

(keep)

_______her

pain

in

her

heart.

Every day she

(grow )

sadder and

sadder. Her two sisters (have)

 

(ring)

_______

(7) Eventually, Tina (leave)

and (go)

the castle. She (run)

away from her family

_______ to live by herself in a small cottage in the woods. She (eat)_________

simple food, (drink)

water from the lake, (cut)

her own

firewood,

her own clothes, (sweep)

_______

her

own

bed,

and

(take)

_______

(be)

_______very

lonely and unhappy.

 

(8) One day Tina

(swim)

_______for

back toward the shore, she swim to safety. She (drown)

The water (be) _______very

deep and cold. Tina

_______

_______ tired. While she (swim)

the desire to live. She (quit)

trying to

when the frog suddenly (appear)

_______ and, with all

______

his strength, (push)

_______

_____ Tina to land. He (save)

______her

life.

(9) "Why (save, you)

my life, Frog?" "Because

_______lot

to live

______________ very young and you (have)

(9) "Why (save, you) my life, Frog?" "Because _______lot to live ______________ very young and you

you (be) for."

______

_________

 

"No, I (do,

"

said the princess. "I (be)

______the

most miserable person in the whole universe."

(10)

"Let's

talk

about

it,"

(say)

______

the

frog,

and

they

(begin)

______to

talk. Tina

and

the

Frog Prince

(sit)

______

together

 

for

hours

and

hours.

Frog

and

(understand)

_______He(tell)____________

her about himself and his own unhappiness

and loneliness. They

their minds and hearts. Day after day, they

(spend)

hours

____________

with

each

other.

They

(talk)

____________

,

(laugh)

 

,

and (work)

together.

 

(11) One day while they (sit)

_________

 
(11) One day while they (sit) _________ lake. Tina

lake.

Tina

 

down and, with great affection,

(kiss)

_____the

frog

on

his

forehead.

Suddenly

the frog

(turn)

_______.

into

a man.

He

(take)

_______Tina

in his arms and

said,

"You

(save)

______me

with

your

kiss.

Outside,

I

(look)

_______ like

a frog.

But

you

(see)

_______inside

and

(find)

________the

real me. Now I

 

An evil wizard

turned me into

a

frog until I found the love of a woman with a truly

 

good heart." When

Tina

through outside appearances, she (find)

true

love.

(12) Tina and the prince (return)

__________to

the castle and

 

Her

two sisters, she discovered, (be)

_______very

unhappy. The handsome husband

(ignore)_______________ husband (make)

his wife and (talk,

not)______________

to her. The wealthy

orders all the time.

fun of his wife and (give) ________her

____________

But Tina and her frog prince

(live)_____________

happily ever after.

MODAL AUXILIARIES

Son verbos auxiliares que expresan un amplio rango de significados (habilidad, permiso, posibilidad, necesidad, etc.) La mayoría de los auxiliares modales tienen más de un significado y su equivalencia en español depende del uso.

Modal

Use

Example

 

Ability:

Julie can swim.

Can

Permission:

Can I come with you? ('May' is also used.)

Offers :

Can I help you?

 

Possibility:

That story could be true - who knows!

Could

Past ability :

Charlie could swim when he was four years old.

Permission :

Could I use your phone please?

Requests :

Could you tell me the way to the station please?

May

Possibility :

The President may come if the meeting finishes before 5 pm.

Permission :

May I borrow your dictionary?

 

Slight possibility :

We might win a prize but I doubt it.

Might

Past form of 'may' in

reported speech.

The President said he might come.

Would

Ask formally

Would you please open the door?

 

condition

If I had money, I would travel around the world

 

Advice :

You should take an umbrella in case it rains.

Should

Logical deduction :

I've revised so I should be ready for the test.

Have to

Duty

I have to study for the next exam

 

Advice :

You ought to write to your grandmother.

Ought to

Logical deduction :

30 € ought to be enough for the taxi.

had better

obligation

If you need to pass the course, You had better study hard

Must

obligation

You has had a fever for three days. You must see a doctor

Logical deduction :

Mary hasn’t come this week. She must be sick

Shall

Offers / suggestions

Shall I order a taxi?

with ''I' and 'we'

Shall we begin the meeting now?

 

Future tense auxiliary:

Tomorrow I will be in New York.

Will

Invitations / offers :

Will you join us for coffee? Won't you come in?

Julian is not a good soldier. He always has problems with the sergeant. The sergeant inspects
Julian is not a good soldier. He always has problems with the sergeant. The
sergeant inspects the room every morning. The sergeant is soon going to make his
inspection. What suggestions do you say to Julian?
Use the verbs:
Polish
Hang up
Make
Sew on
Take down
Comb
Empty
Shave
1.
Example: You should polish your rifle
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Zak's Coffee Bar

Zak has a new girl working for him on Saturdays. He shows her the list of rules. Write must or mustn't in the gaps.

Here's the cafe at lunchtime. Which rules are being broken?

Here's the cafe at lunchtime. Which rules are being broken?

1.

Example: You

always simle at the customers

2.

You

ever be rude

 

3.

There

be a queue of more than five customers

4.

The tables

always be cleaned before a new customer sits

down.

5.

Customers

smoke in the non-somking areas

6.

You

sweep the floor every half hour

 

7.

You ___________

eat

or drink while you are working.

8.

You

___________

ask people who don’t buy anything to leave

9.

Coffee and tea

always be served really hot

10.Long hair

 

be tied back

 

Some people in this office are asking someone to do a task. Ask what you need

Use the verbs:

Use the verbs:

answer – Close – get me – open - switch off - switch on – pass me

1.

Example: Could you please switch on the light?

2.

3.

4. 5. 6. 7.
4.
5.
6.
7.

EXERCISE

Select the right modal verb and explain your choice

  • 1. It's a hospital. You

mustn't / needn't / may not / don't have to smoke.

  • 2. I

could / might / can / must speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we

lived in Morocco. But after we moved back to Canada. Now, I must / need just say a few things in the language.

may / can /

  • 3. The teacher said we

can / needn't / must / should read this book for our own

pleasure as it is optional.

  • 4. May / Need / Must / Can you stand on your head for more than a minute? No, I may / not / needn't / can't .

  • 5. If you want to learn to speak English fluently, you mustn't to work hard.

could / need / needn't /

  • 6. Take an umbrella. It

need / should / mustn't / might rain later.

  • 7. shouldn't / need / needn't / may not leave small objects lying around .

You

Such objects

must / need / may / mustn't be swallowed by children.

  • 8. could / must / may stop when the traffic lights are red.

Drivers

  • 9. May / Must / Should / Will I ask a question?

-Yes, of course.

Can / Need / Should / May you speak Italian?

-No, I

shouldn't / mustn't/ may not / can't .

Referencias online