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FNRI

FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

LUZON

VISAYAS

MINDANAO

LEGAL BASIS
FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

EO 128 Section 22
FNRI is mandated to undertake research that defines the citizenry’s nutritional status, its causes and effects and identify alternative solutions to them.

EO 352
Designated statistical activities that will generate critical data for decision making of government and private sector.

PRESENTATION TRACK
 Socio Economic

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices  Anthropometric data among 0-10 years old children, pregnant and lactating mothers  Government Program Participation of Children

SAMPLING DESIGN FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 12 3 4 4 replicates from the NSO’s 2003 Master Sample and list of households from the 2004 Labor Force Survey (LFS) Multi-Stage Stratified Sampling Design 1st Stage – Primary Sampling Unit One barangay or contiguous bgys with at least 500 HHs 2nd Stage – Enumeration Area Contiguous area in a barangay with 150-200 HHs 3rd Stage – Households all household members in sample households .

894 Households 198.136 Enumeration Areas (EAs) 38.COVERAGE FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY All 17 Regions 79 Provinces & NCR 3.022 Individuals .

1 49.0 yrs 9.9 47.9 50.381 7.0 yrs 60 & above TOTAL 11.0-19.129 9.977 47.637 48.7 43.903 Percent 47.3 50.0 yrs 30.0 yrs 20.1 52.385 51.372 100.0-10.795 Percent 52.0-59.4 Number 8.3 56.3 .641 97.9 52.7 49.0 yrs 11.0-29.637 1.404 22.456 1.Percentage distribution of individuals by age and by sex: Philippines.7 10. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MALE AGE GROUP FEMALE Number 0-5.566 20.761 46.6 6.1 47.

General Objective: FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY To provide a continuing flow of updated information on the ff: • nutritional status of Filipino children and other population groups •other related information for timely policy decisions at the national and sub-national levels .

7 41.9 17.894) 9.4% 9.7 8.05 0.2 5.2 Telephone Radio Computer Sewing Machine 2 Wood 3 4 LPG 5 6 Charcoal 7 Kerosene 8 9 Electricity 10 and above Natural gas 37.894) 3.6 13.1 11.3 PERCENT (n=38.9% Single or 1 Person 2-person household/couple Single/Nuclear Family cleaned data set Extended two-family Extended more than two-family Encoding of Corrections .0 7.7 15.FLOW OF ACTIVITIES Planning & Preparation Field Data Collection and Encoding & Transmission FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Training and Pre-survey conferences DEPARTMENT Presentation & OF Dissemination SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Results Generation HOUSEHOLD SIZE Data Management and Analysis Office editing.9 PERCENT 4.5% 5.5 0.3 9.7 13. proofreading & validation of prooflists MAIN TYPE 1 OF FUEL 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Television VCD Washing Machine Blender Generator 45.3 67.9 0.2 61.0 27.9 12.6 17.5 1.5 41.2 5.8 3.9 4.7% 24.0 51.3 26.3% 5.1 0.4 29.5 Others 54.4 14.2 11.2% Mean Household Animal Dung Size Biomass Others 0.5 1.8 (n=38.0 Electric Fan Refrigerator Camera Aircon Wallclock Range Others Piano 0.2 69.

RECUMBENT LENGTH and WEIGHT was measured using standard techniques FACE-TO-FACE INTERVIEW for other household information .METHODOLOGY FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STANDING HEIGHT.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

9% Single or 1 Person 2-person household/couple Single/Nuclear Family Extended two-family Extended more than two-family Others .5% 5.Percentage distribution by type of household: Philippines. 2011 0.894) 24.2% 54.4% FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 9.7% (n=38.3% 5.

Percentage distribution of households by household size: Philippines.7 13.5 5.9 5.05 .8 9.7 9.894) 4.8 3.6 13.5 4.0 17.4 17. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY HOUSEHOLD SIZE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 and above Mean Household Size PERCENT (n=38.

2 6.9 3.1 0.894) FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SEX Male Female Pregnant Lactating 80.1 CIVIL STATUS Married Widow/widower Single Separated Live-in 69.Demographic characteristics of household head: Philippines.4 3.8 .8 19. 2011 CHARACTERISTIC PERCENT (n=38.2 0.7 16.

894) 79. Drivers… Skilled and Related Workers Officials of government.9 0.1 . Professionals. Assemblers.2 8.1 5. Not stated Clerks. Military Officers No Occupation Housekeeper Pensioners Incapacitated Students PERCENT (n=38.3 1.7 23.6 0. Forestry Workers. Livestock/Poultry raisers Laborers and Unskilled Workers Plant and Machine Operators. Fishermen. Cashiers.2 8.8 1. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PRESENT OCCUPATION With occupation Farmers.9 0.4 4.2 0.5 19.4 5. Tellers Special Occupations. Secretaries. Computer Assistant Other Occupations.3 9.6 1. Assoc.6 9. Local executives Service Workers Professionals Technicians.Percentage distribution of households by present occupation of household head: Philippines.

4 7.4 20. 2011 FNRI Percent FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 80 60 40 20 0 AT HOME 70.4 ABROAD NO OCCUPATION . AWAY FROM HOME 2.Percentage distribution of households by workplace of household head: Philippines.0 LOCAL.

2011 FNRI Percent FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 45 40. special education for PWDs .Percentage distribution of households by educational attainment of household head: Philippines.1 40 35 30 (n=38.894) 25 20 15 21.7 34.6 10 5 0 No Elementary Schooling High School College Above College Others * 2.6 0.7 0.3* * Arabic Schooling.

3 77.9 5.6 0.894) 87.3 47.7 1. boathouse.2 1.Percentage distribution of households by type and ownership of dwelling unit and lot: Philippines. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE & OWNERSHIP OF DWELLING/LOT TYPE OF DWELLING UNIT Single House Apartment/Condominium Duplex Makeshift/Barong-barong Commercial Others (house extension..0 1.) OWNERSHIP OF DWELLING UNIT Own Free Rent Squat Others (disputed area) OWNERSHIP OF THE LOT Own Free Rent Squat Others (disputed area) PERCENT (n=38.0 0.4 .7 10.0 31.8 0.2 7.7 9.7 3.6 14.

sako…) FLOORING MATERIAL Plain cement Coco lumber/Bamboo Wood planks Ceramic tiles Earth/Sand Marble Parquet or polished wood strips Vinyl or asphalt strips Others (combination of wood & cement….2 0.) Combination of strong and light materials Salvaged (scrap materials…) Others (iron sheets.1 0.894) 82.1 10. marble…) Light (wood. billboard. 2011 MAIN MATERIALS OF DWELLING UNIT FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PERCENT (n=38.8 47.2 0.7 0.2 11.7 1.9 1. bamboo/sawali….2 13.7 0.) . carton.5 ROOFING MATERIAL Iron sheets Natural materials Cement Tegula/tisa Salvaged (scrap materials…) Others WALL MATERIAL Strong (cement.4 0.1 7.6 54.9 1.5 14.2 1.2 12.Percentage distribution of households by main materials used for dwelling unit: Philippines.9 37.

2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NUMBER OF BEDROOMS No bedroom PERCENT (n=38.7 .7 1 2 3 4 5 More than 5 29.0 1.Percentage distribution of households by number of bedroom: Philippines.894) 13.9 36.2 4.3 14.1 0.

5 .9 29.Percentage distribution of households by main type of fuel used for cooking: Philippines. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MAIN TYPE OF FUEL PERCENT (n=38.9 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.6 15.894) Wood LPG Charcoal Kerosene Electricity Natural gas Biomass Animal Dung Others (rice hush…) 51.2 0.3 1.

Percentage distribution of households with and without owned transport utilities: Philippines.9 .7 7.894) 44.3 Tractor Animal-drawn cart None at all *Multiple responses 1. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSPORT UTILITIES Own Transport Utilities* Motorcycle/tricycle Bicycle/trisikad Car/Jeep/Van Motor Boat/Banca PERCENT (n=38.2 1.9 19.1 23.4 3.7 55.

7 Without Electricity No electricity in the area No electricity.4 0.894) 86.6 8.4 0.Percentage distribution of households with and without electricity at home: Philippines.5 12.1 With Electricity With Electricity (meter connection) With Electricity (using generator) With Electricity (but disconnected) With Electricity (tap from neighbour) 76.5 1.4 . 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE OF ELECTRICITY PERCENT (n=38.0 0. w/o meter connection Others (Solar…) 13.

3 67.7 41.5 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 45.0 27.2 11.5 1.2 41.2 61.Percentage distribution of households who owned appliances: Philippines.0 Television VCD Washing Machine Blender Generator Telephone Radio Computer Sewing Machine Electric Fan Refrigerator Camera Aircon Wallclock Range Others Piano * Multiple responses .1 14.7 8.2 37.3 26.4 11. 2011 80 69.9 3.9 12.0 7.

7 3. dam. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MAIN SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER PERCENT (n=38.4 1.6 .5 0.5 1.6 2.894) Piped into dwelling Tube well or borehole Bottled/Mineral water Protected spring Piped into yard/plot Public tap/stand pipe Protected Dug Well Semi-protected Dug Well Unprotected Dug Well Unprotected spring Rainwater Tanker truck Cart with small tank Surface water (river.3 2.7 0.5 22. etc) Others 28.Percentage distribution of households by main source of drinking water: Philippines.1 0.0 1.5 23.3 2.8 8.5 0.

Percentage distribution of households with and without effort in making their water safer to drink: Philippines. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EFFORT IN MAKING DRINKING WATER SAFE PERCENT (n=38.5 14.1 1.0 25.8 2.7 0.1 23.5 NO EFFORT YES Boil Improvised filter (cloth. sponge) Use water filter (ceramic. sand) Let it stand or settle Add bleach/chlorine Others (refrigerate/freeze) Solar disinfection NOT APPLICABLE (BOTTLED WATER) .8 5.6 0.894) 51.4 0.

7 9.894) Toilet Facility Water sealed Not water sealed No toilet Usage of Toilet Facility Exclusive for family use Share with other household Public use toilet No toilet 82.7 9. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE AND USAGE OF TOILET FACILITY PERCENT (n=38.Percentage distribution of households by type and use of toilet facility: Philippines.6 75.7 13.0 1.6 .7 7.

4 .5 37.894) 46.Percentage distribution of households by type of garbage disposal and segregation: Philippines.4 58.7 13.6 41.2 21. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE OF GARBAGE DISPOSAL AND SEGREGATION Garbage Disposal* Collect Burn Compost Dump Garbage Segregation Segregating Not segregating *Multiple responses PERCENT (n=38.

Provision of formal/non-formal education 3.CHALLENGES Points to consider to improve the socioeconomic. health and nutrition status of the households 1. Provision/creation of more job opportunities 2. Provision of more sanitary toilet facilities 5. Provision of more safe water systems/services 4. Provision of more garbage collecting services FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

Objectives of the Study FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY To assess the feeding practices of children aged 0-23 months To compare the results of selected infant feeding practices with the previous surveys .

Methodology Subjects: 6.894 sample households Data Collection: Face-to-Face interview with the mother/caregiver of the child Data Analysis Based on WHO/UNICEF Indicators Comparison with the previous surveys based on the usual feeding practice .653 children 0-23 months from FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 38.

foodbased fluids) Not applicable Complementary Breast milk (including milk expressed or from a wet nurse) feeding and solid or semi-solid foods Breastfeeding Breast milk (including milk expressed or from a wet nurse) Any liquid (including breast milk) or semi-solid foods from a bottle with nipple/teat Not applicable Bottle feeding Not applicable *Source: WHO/UNICEF Indicators for assessing Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices . syrups (vitamins. drops. medicines) Certain liquids(water. fruit juice) ORS. medicines Anything else: including non-human milk and formula Anything else: including non-human milk and formula Anything else: including non-human milk and formula Does not allow the infant to d receive Anything else Anything else (in particular nonhuman milk.Criteria defining selected infant feeding practices* Feeding Practice Exclusive Breast feeding Predominant Breastfeeding Requires that the infant receive Breast milk (including milk expressed or from a wet nurse) Breast milk (including milk expressed or from a wet nurse) as the predominant source of nourishment Allows the infant to receive ORS. vitamins. water-based fluids.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

0-23 months by age group: Philippines.Percentage distribution of children.4 0-5 months 6-11 months 12-23 months .0 27.6 24.653 48. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY n = 6.

1 41. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Feeding Practice Exclusive Breastfeeding Percent 12.7 Predominant Breastfeeding Breastfeeding with Complementary foods Formula/Other milk with foods Regular food without any milk 2.5 39.Percent distribution of children 0-23 months by current feeding practice: Philippines.4 .3 4.

2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Exclusive BF BF+ complementary foods Foods w/o any milk Predominant BF Other milk+foods 100 Percentage 80 60 40 20 0 <2 2-3 4-5 6-7 8-9 10-11 12-15 16-19 20-23 Age in months .Percentage distribution of children 0-23 months by feeding practice by age group: Philippines.

6 2011 11. feeding practice is based on the usual feeding at the time of the survey .4 3.Comparison of feeding practice of children 0-23 months: Philippines.6 Formula/ Other milk with foods Regular food without any milk * For comparison purposes.9 55.4 6.2 45.8 29. 2008 and 2011* Percentage FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Feeding Practice Exclusive Breastfeeding Breastfeeding with Complementary foods 2008 8.2 39.

8 0.7 51.5 6-11 months 59.9 27.2 36.0 0.8 39.6 12.0 2011 2008 2011 2008 2011 Exclusive breastfeeding Formula/other milk w/ foods Breastfeeding with complementary foods Regular food w/o any milk * For comparison purposes.1 12-23 months 65.Comparison of current feeding practice of children 0-23 months by age group: Philippines.8 21.8 40 35.7 33.0 0.0 0.8 19.3 20 0 2008 0.5 0.0 0.3 2.0 41.4 61.6 7. 2008 and 2011* Percentage FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 80 60 0-5 months 46.1 36. feeding practice is based on the usual feeding at the time of the survey .

0 Percentage .0 60.Core Indicator 1: Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Percentage distribution of children. 2011 FNRI Time of Initiation FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Within one hour Less than 1 day More than 1 day 51.8 0.0 40.0 20.3 15. 0-23 months by time of initiation of breastfeeding: Philippines.9 32.

6 At home Public Hospital Private Hospital/ Public Health Clinic/ Lying-in Center/ Clinic Others FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PLACE OF DELIVERY 30 20 10 0 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Within 1 hour Less than 1 day More than 1 day 61.0 14.6 34.2 32.9 7.3 30.7 18.9 At home .4 16.6 Public Hospital Private Hospital/ Clinic/ Lying-in Public Health Center/ Clinic Others Percentage 48.8 32.2 19.9 29.0 28. 2011 50 40 Percentage 42. 0-23 months by place of delivery and time of initiation of breastfeeding: Philippines.6 49.8 0.9 21.5 51.0 8.1 51.Percentage distribution of children.

Percentage distribution of children.0 29.6 37. 0-23 months by type of delivery and time of initiation of breastfeeding: Philippines.4 32.6 Within 1 hour Less than 1 day More than 1 day Percentage 14.6 Percentage FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 80 60 40 20 TYPE OF DELIVERY 9.5 33. 2011 100 90.0 Normal Delivery Ceasarian Section .4 Normal Delivery Ceasarian Section 0 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 53.

2008.5 46.4 2011 51.8 .0 22.3 15.2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Time of Initiation of Breastfeeding Within one hour after delivery Less than one day after delivery More than one day Percentage 2008 31.9 32.Core Indicator: Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Comparison of initiation of breastfeeding among children 0-23 months: Philippines.

2 59.0 51.0 49.0 34.4 61.6 49.Percentage of children 0-23 months initiated to breastfeeding within one hour by region: Philippines.7 50.2 45.2 REGION .9 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 LUZON VISAYAS MINDANAO FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 61.5 69.5 56.9 41.6 64.3 27.8 62. 2011 FNRI PERCENTAGE Philippines: 51.4 38.8 61.

8 30 20 10 LUZON VISAYAS MINDANAO 0 Philippines: 48.2 49. 2011 80 72.7 44.5 44.9 60 54.5 50 44.3 57.5 58.Percentage of exclusively breastfed children 0-5 months by region: Philippines.3 59.1 60.6 40 33.1 27.9 FNRI PERCENTAGE FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGION .9 48.0 60.5 52.7 70 64.9 60.

Comparison of exclusively breastfed infants 0-5 months: Philippines.9 29.7 35.7 2011 * For comparison purposes.2008.2011* 60 FNRI Percentage FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 50 40 30 20 10 0 2003 2008 Years 46. 2003. feeding practice is based on the usual feeding at the time of the survey .

Percentage of children with continued breastfeeding at 1 year (12-15 months) by region: Philippines.8 50 40 30 20 10 0 48.2 56.3 53.4 34.7 63.2 75.5 44.3 40. 2011 FNRI PERCENTAGE Philippines: 51.7 55.7 80 70 59.5 57.1 44.0 62.0 LUZON VISAYAS MINDANAO REGION .4 72.0 58.9 FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 60 52.4 56.

4 94.6 94. by region: Philippines.7 95. 2011 Philippines: 92.1 94.2 93.6 92.8 92.2 93.5 86.9 FNRI Percentage FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 100 92.8 94.9 96.3 91.8 80 60 40 20 0 LUZON VISAYAS MINDANAO Region .9 94.Optional Indicator: Ever breastfeeding Percentage of ever breastfed children 0-23 months.7 92.1 94.1 94.

9 2003 2008 Years 2011 * For comparison purposes.5 92. feeding practice is based on the usual feeding at the time of the survey (n=6.652) .2008. 2003.2011* FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Percent 89.6 89.Comparison of ever breastfed infants 0-23 months: Philippines.

1 40.8 29.Percentage of children with continued breastfeeding at 2 years by region: Philippines.9 30.0 30.4 LUZON VISAYAS MINDANAO REGION .8 21.0 30.4 36.0 20. 2011 Philippines: 28.9 FNRI PERCENTAGE FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 43.3 29.9 24.7 30.6 27.3 34.7 26.4 22.7 39.

7 2003 2008 2011 5.6 4.0 2 0 Breastfeeding 3. & 2011* FNRI Months FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 8 6 7. feeding practice is based on the usual feeding at the time of the survey . 2008.Comparison of mean duration of breastfeeding and exclusively breastfeeding: Philippines. 2003.9 4 3.3 Exclusive Breastfeeding * For comparison purposes.7 2.

1 55.8 52.6 54.9 56.3 48.6 54.3 57.0 52.7 35.8 LUZON VISAYAS MINDANAO REGION .4 58. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 70 PERCENTAGE Philippines: 48.1 40 30 20 10 0 37.Optional Indicator: Age-appropriate breastfeeding Percentage of age-appropriate breastfeeding among children 0-23 months by region: Philippines.8 63.8 55.4 41.8 60 50 48.1 56.5 60.

6 41.2 36. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Philippines: 44.Optional Indicator: Bottle feeding Percentage of bottle fed children 0-23 months: Philippines.8 51.3 44.0 40 PERCENTAGE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 30 20 10 0 <2 2-3 4-5 6-7 8-9 10-11 12-15 16-19 20-23 Age in months .1 31.7 60 50 49.3 26.2 51.6 50.

0 13. Safe convenient and readily available 5.Reasons for exclusive breastfeeding among children 0-23 months: Philippines.6 22.2 .3 2011 56. 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Reasons 1.8 41.7 7. Increase immune response 4. Nutritious/complete food 2. Stronger maternal-child bonding * Multiple response 2008 35.0 4.9 24.6 12.0 52. Economical 3.

Reasons for stopping breastfeeding: Philippines.5 25. Mother ill/weak FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 2008 34. Working outside home/too busy 3.8 9.9 6.1 7.2 .0 7. 2008 and 2011 Main Reasons 1. Another pregnancy 5. Inadequate milk flow 2. Child refused to breastfeed 4.4 20.6 2011 32.3 14.5 7.

2011 CORE INDICATORS Initiation of BF after delivery Exclusive BF under 6 mos OPTIONAL INDICATORS 51.7 0 20 40 60 Percentage 80 100 Bottle feeding .9 48.8 Continued BF at 1yr Ever Breastfed Age appropriate BF Continued BF at 2yrs Predominant BF under 6 mos 28.9 51.7 92.Summary of breastfeeding indicators among children 0-23 months: Philippines.9 48.9 7.2 44.

Challenges

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Intensify capacity building on IYCF among health workers, mothers/caregivers
Strengthen mother support systems for breastfeeding in the community Improve implementation of IYCF communication strategies

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Specific Objectives:
FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

To assess the nutritional status of 0-5 and 6-10 year-old children, pregnant and lactating women using anthropometric indicators of growth

To compare results from previous surveys

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY METHODS .

Softwares used in the analysis of weight and height data of children.2) WHO Growth Reference Software for children. 61-228 months (WHO Anthro Plus 1.0. 0-19 years old (0-228 months): FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY WHO-CGS Software for children. 0-60 months (WHO Anthro 3.3.3) .

0 y) (5y & 1 mo-19.0 y) .FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Age groups of the WHO-Child Growth Standards for infants and young children.0 y) Length/height-for0-60 months 61-228 months age (0-5.0 y) (5 y & 1 mo-10.0 y) (5y & 1 mo-19.0 y) Weight-for0-60 months none length/ height (0-5.0 y) BMI-for-age 0-60 months 61-228 months (0-5. (0-60 months) and WHO Growth Reference 2007 for schoolaged children and adolescents (61-228 months) WHO Child Growth WHO Growth Indicators Standards Reference 2007 Weight-for-age 0-60 months 61-120 months (0-5.

10 y & 1 mo to 19. those whose heights were beyond the limits of the weight-for-height tables .0 y (121-228 months) ** Use only for children.0 years old (0-60 months) ** NEC-not elsewhere classified. 0-5.Cut-off points used in classifying nutritional status of children. 0-10 years old (0-120 months). based on WHO-CGS Indicator/Nutritional Status Cut-off Points <-2SD -2SD to +2SD >+2SD <-2SD -2SD to +2SD >+2SD <-2SD -2SD to +2SD >+2SD *** FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Weight-for-age Underweight Normal Overweight/Above normal Length/Height-for-age* Underheight/Stunting Normal Above average/tall Weight-for-length/height** Thin/Wasting Normal Overweight NEC * Use also for children.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points used in classifying nutritional status of children. based on BMI-for-age (WHO-CGS) Nutritional Status Severe thinness Thinness Normal Overweight Obesity Cut-off Points <-3SD <-2SD to -3SD -2SD to +2SD >+2SD to +3SD >+3SD . 0-5 years old (0-60 mos).

08-19. 5.0 years old (61-228 months) based on the 2007 WHO Growth Reference BMIfor-age Nutritional Status Severe thinness Thinness Normal Overweight Obesity Cut-off Points <-3SD <-2SD to -3SD -2SD to +1SD >+1SD (equivalent to BMI 25 kg/m2 at 19 yrs) >+2SD (equivalent to BMI 30 kg/m2 at 19 yrs) .FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points used in classifying nutritional status of children.

0 y (0-60 months) 5.651 3.309 20.389 1.COVERAGE FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGE/PHYSIOLOGICAL GROUP 0 to 5.0 y (61-120 months) Pregnant Lactating NUMBER 17.08 to 10.328 .

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESULTS .

2005 – 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .0 year-old children (0-60 months): Philippines.Mean weight of 0-5.

2005 – 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .Mean height of 0-5.0 year-old children (0-60 months): Philippines.

0-5.7 64.Nutritional status of children.8 20. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 100% 2.6 7.8 80% 60% 40% 20% 77.2 33. and BMI-for-age: Philippines. height-for-age.3 4.4 0% Wt-for-Age Ht-for-Age Underwt/Stunted/Wasted Wt-for-Ht BMI-for-Age Overwt/Obese/Tall NEC Normal .3 6.9 88.3 4.0 years old (0-60 months).1 88. weight-for-height.4 0. based on WHO-CGS weight-forage.1 1.

0-5.Prevalence of undernourished children.0 years old (0-60 months). by single age: Philippines. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

2003 – 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .Prevalence of malnourished children.0 years old (0-60 months): Philippines. 0-5.

2003 – 2011 .FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Prevalence of underweight among 0-5.0 yearold children (0-60 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS weight-for-age classification: Philippines.

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FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Prevalence of stunting among 0-5.0 year-old children (0-60 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS height-for-age classification: Philippines, 2003 – 2011

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Prevalence of wasting among 0-5.0 year-old children (0-60 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS weight-for-height classification: Philippines, 2003 – 2011

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Prevalence of overweight among 0-5.0 yearold children (0-60 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS weight-for-height classification: Philippines, 2003 – 2011

in Luzon regions: 2008 and 2011 Region % Underweight % Stunting % Wasting 2008 2011 .0 years old (0-60 months). 0-5.Prevalence of undernourished children.

0-5.0 years old (0-60 months).Prevalence of undernourished children. in Visayas regions: 2008 and 2011 Region % Underweight % Stunting % Wasting 2008 2011 .

Prevalence of undernourished children. 0-5.0 years old (0-60 months). in Mindanao regions: 2008 and 2011 Region % Underweight % Stunting % Wasting 2008 2011 .

as public health problem (WHO.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points in determining magnitude & severity of underweight & stunted children under-five years old (0 to <60 months). 1995) Prevalence group Prevalence group for Underheight/ for Underweight Stunting < 10% < 20% Magnitude & Severity Low Medium High Very High 10-19% 20-29% > 30% 20-29% 30-39% > 40% .

as public health problem (WHO.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points in determining magnitude & severity of wasted children under-five years old (0 to <60 months). 1995) Magnitude & Severity Acceptable Prevalence Group for Thinness < 5% Poor Serious Critical 5-9% 10-14% > 15% .

Ave. by province FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CAMARINES NORTE Phil. 0-5.2 CAPIZ GUIMARAS SIQUIJOR BASILAN .Magnitude of underweight children.: 20.0 years old (0-60 months).

Magnitude of stunted children. by province FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Phil.0 years old (0-60 months). Ave. 0-5.: 33.6 .

0-5.Magnitude of wasted children.: 7.3 SIQUIJOR BASILAN SULU TAWI-TAWI . Ave.0 years old (0-60 months). by province FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Phil.

2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Phil.3 .: 4.Prevalence of overweight among 0-5. Ave.0 year-old children (0-60 months) by region based on WHOCGS weight-for-height classification: Philippines.

Prevalence of overweight children. 0-5.0 year-old (0-60 months) in Luzon regions based on WHO-CGS weight-for-height classification: 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Region % Overweight-for-Height * 2008 2011 .

0-5.Prevalence of overweight children.0 year-old (0-60 months) in Visayas regions based on WHO-CGS weight-for-height classification: 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Region % Overweight-for-Height 2008 2011 .

0 year-old (0-60 months) in Mindanao regions based on WHOCGS weight-for-height classification: 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Region % Overweight-for-Height * 2008 2011 .Prevalence of overweight children. 0-5.

0 years old (0-60 months). 1989-2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY . based on WHO-CGS classification: Philippines. 0-5.Trends of malnutrition among children.

for monitoring of MDG Goal 1: 1990-2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY The prevalence should be reduced by 6.65 %-points MDG Target .Trends in the prevalence of underweightfor-age among children.6% points in 2015 with an average annual reduction of 1. under-five years old (0 to <60 months).

SUMMARY Among 0-5. The current situation of children is considered poor due to high prevalence of wasting (7. . 0-5 months.6%).0 years old children FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Undernutrition remains to be a public health problem which is particularly high in magnitude both for underweight (20. Overnutrition is on the rise and an emerging concern particularly for children.2%) and stunting (33.3%). and those in selected regions in Luzon.

0 years old children FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Disparities across regions are still evident with high to very high prevalences of underweight and stunting mostly affecting children in selected provinces in Luzon and mostly those in Visayas and Mindanao regions.SUMMARY Among 0-5. To achieve the MDG target by 2015 for the underweight prevalence of under-five children. there should be an average reduction of 1. .65%points per year.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESULTS .

0 year-old children (61-120 months): Philippines.Mean weight of 5. 2005 – 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .08-10.

2005 – 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .0 year-old children (61-120 months) : Philippines.08-10.Mean height of 5.

9 100% 80% 0. 2011 1. based on WHO-CGS weight-forage.08-10. 5.5 84.0 60% 40% 20% 0% Wt-for-Age Ht-for-Age Normal BMI-for-Age Overwt/Obese/Tall Underwt/Stunted/Wasted 32.0 years old (61-120 months).5 66.5 .0 33.6 8.0 65.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Nutritional status of children.9 7. height-for-age and BMI-for-age: Philippines.

08-10. by single age: Philippines. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY . 5.0 years old (61-120 months).Prevalence of undernourished children.

5.08-10. 2003 – 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .0 years old (61-120 months): Philippines.Prevalence of malnourished children.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Prevalence of underweight among 5.08-10. 2003 – 2011 .0 year-old children (61-120 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS weight-for-age classification: Philippines.

2003 – 2011 .08-10.0 yearold children (61-120 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS height-for-age classification: Philippines.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Prevalence of stunting among 5.

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Prevalence of wasting among 5.08-10.0 yearold children (61-120 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS BMI-for-age classification: Philippines, 2003 – 2011

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Prevalence of overweight among 5.08-10.0 year-old children (61-120 months) by age group based on WHO-CGS BMI-for-age classification: Philippines, 2003 – 2011

Prevalence of undernourished children, 5.08-10.0 years old (61-120 months), in Luzon regions: 2008 and 2011
Region % Underweight % Stunting % Wasting

*

2008

2011

0 years old (61-120 months). in Visayas regions: 2008 and 2011 Region % Underweight % Stunting % Wasting 2008 2011 .08-10.Prevalence of undernourished children. 5.

0 years old (61-120 months).Prevalence of undernourished children. 5.08-10. in Mindanao regions: 2008 and 2011 Region % Underweight % Stunting % Wasting 2008 2011 .

1995) Prevalence group Prevalence group for Underheight/ for Underweight Stunting < 10% < 20% Magnitude & Severity Low Medium High Very High 10-19% 20-29% > 30% 20-29% 30-39% > 40% . as public health problem (WHO.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points in determining magnitude & severity of underweight & stunted children under-five years old (0 to <60 months).

1995) Magnitude & Severity Acceptable Prevalence Group for Thinness < 5% Poor Serious Critical 5-9% 10-14% > 15% .FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points in determining magnitude & severity of wasted children under-five years old (0 to <60 months). as public health problem (WHO.

: 32.08-10. 5. Ave.0 . by province Phil.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Magnitude of underweight children.0 years old (61-120 months).

Ave.: 33.0 years old (61-120 months).6 .08-10.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Magnitude of stunted children. 5. by province Phil.

by province AURORA Phil. 5.0 years old (61-120 months).08-10. Ave.5 MARINDUQUE ANTIQUE TAWI-TAWI .: 8.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BATAAN Magnitude of wasted children.

0 year-old (61-120 months) by region based on WHO-CGS BMI-for-age classification: Philippines.: 7. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Phil. 5.5 . Ave.Prevalence of overweight children.08-10.

5. based on WHO CGS weight-for-age.0810.0 years old (61-120 months). height-for-age. 2003-2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .Trends of malnutrition among children. and BMIfor-age classification: Philippines.

0 years old children FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Overall.SUMMARY Among 5.0%). Overnutrition is gradually climbing particularly affecting selected regions in Luzon.08-10.5%.6%) and underweight (32. . the current situation of children is also considered to be poor due to wasting prevalence of 8. Like the younger age group. there has been no improvement in the nutritional status of school children between 2008 and 2011 which remains to be high to very high in prevalence for stunting (33.

SUMMARY Among 5.0 years old children FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Undernutrition remains to be a problem among school children in selected Southern Luzon areas and most of the areas in Visayas and Mindanao. .08-10.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESULTS .

1988) Classification Cut-off Point Nutritionally at-risk Not Nutritionally at-risk <P95 >P95 .FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off Points used in classifying pregnant women based on weight-for-height (Magbitang.

Percent distribution of pregnant women by age-group and by weight-for-height classification: Philippines.9-77.7 75.6 22.3 25.1 72.8-27.4-79. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Age (in years) Nutritionally atrisk (< P95) % 95% CI Not nutritionally at-risk ( > P95) % 95% CI < 20 35.3 64.7-70.2-42.8 > 20 Overall 23.7 29.3 57.1 76.2 .0 74.0 20.9-25.

2 95% CI 22.Percentage distribution of pregnant women by months of pregnancy and by weight-forheight classification: Philippines.8-26.9 25.8-33.6 19.7 76.1 74.9-28.4-78.2 71.6 % 72.2 .1 21.1 73.3 23.9-77.4-80.2 Overall 25.9-77.0 22.8 95% CI 66.risk ( > P95) % 27.1 75. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Months of Pregnancy 1st trimester 2nd trimester 3rd trimester Nutritionally atrisk (< P95) Not nutritionally at.8-27.0 72.

Trends in the prevalence of nutritionally at-risk pregnant women based on weightfor-height: Philippines. 1998-2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

Prevalence of nutritionally at-risk pregnant women in Luzon regions based on weight-forheight: 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Region % Nutritionally at-risk 2008 2011 .

Prevalence of nutritionally at-risk pregnant women in Visayas regions based on weightfor-height: 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Region % Nutritionally at-risk 2008 2011 .

Prevalence of nutritionally at-risk pregnant women in Mindanao regions based on weightfor-height: 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Region % Nutritionally at-risk 2008 2011 .

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESULTS .

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points used in classifying nutritional status of lactating mothers. <20 years old based on the 2007 WHO Growth Reference BMI-for-age Nutritional Status Severe thinness Thinness Normal Overweight Obesity Cut-off Points <-3SD <-2SD to -3SD -2SD to +1SD >+1SD (equivalent to BMI 25 kg/m2 at 19 yrs) >+2SD (equivalent to BMI 30 kg/m2 at 19 yrs) .

1978) Classification Underweight Cut-off Point Normal Overweight Obese < 18.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Cut-off points used in classifying nutritional status of lactating mothers.0 .0 > 30.5 to <25.0 25.0 to <30. >20 years old based on BMI for adults (NCHS/WHO.5 18.

Percent distribution of lactating mothers by age group and by nutritional status: Philippines, 2011

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Nutritional Status Age
(in years)

Underweight

Normal

Overweight

%
< 20 > 20 11.8 11.9

95% CI
7.9-15.8 10.7-13.1

%
81.4 69.3

95% CI
76.8-86.1 67.5-71.0

%
6.7 18.8

95% CI
3.7-9.8 17.3-20.3

Overall

11.9

10.8-13.1 70.4

68.7-72.0

17.7 16.4-19.1

Percent distribution of lactating mothers by months of lactation and by nutritional status: Philippines, 2011

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Months of Lactation

Nutritional Status
Underweight Normal Overweight

%
8.0 14.4
14.4

95% CI
6.4-9.5 12.0-16.8
12.2-16.6

%
72.0 70.2
68.7

95% CI
69.4-74.5 67.1-73.2
65.7-71.6

%
20.1 15.5
17.0

95% CI
17.8-22.4 13.1-17.8
14.6-19.3

0-6 7-12
> 12

Overall

11.9

10.8-13.1

70.4

68.7-72.0 17.7 16.4-19.1

Trends in the prevalence of underweight and overweight lactating mothers: Philippines, 2011

FNRI
FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

2011 Region % Underweight % Overweight FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .Prevalence of malnourished lactating mothers by region based on BMI: Philippines.

1 in every 4 pregnant women is nutritionally at-risk of having pregnancy related complications or have the risk of delivering low birthweight infants Highest proportion of nutritionally at-risk pregnant women were noted among those in the 1st trimester of pregnancy and decreases as pregnancy advances.SUMMARY Among Pregnant Women FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Overall.0% . Half of the regions in the country were noted to have higher proportions of nutritionally at-risk pregnant women than the national estimate of 25.

. Six and nine of the regions in the country had higher proportions of CED and overweight lactating mothers than the national estimate. respectively. while 2 in every 10 lactating mothers are overweight Undernutrition or chronic energy deficiency (CED) is a problem among lactating mothers who are >7 months of lactation while overweight is a problem among those in the first 6 months of lactation.SUMMARY Among Lactating Mothers FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY One in every 10 lactating mothers is undernourished.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

To determine participation of children in the Expanded Immunization Program (EPI). 2. To determine participation of children in other government programs .Objectives General: FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY To determine participation of children. aged 0 to 12 years old in government programs for health and nutrition Specific: 1.

Scope and Methodology FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  children aged 0 to 5 years old (n= 22. .405 )  children aged 6 to 12 years old (n= 32.456 )  Face-to-face interview using a pretested questionnaire.

Operational terms used based on DOH Circulars FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI)  Garantisadong Pambata  Operation Timbang  Growth Monitoring  Day Care  Supplementary Feeding  Orally-fit Child  Deworming .

416 .9% Government 96.Percent distribution of 0-4 years old children in BCG Immunization and its sources : Philippines.1% Source With BCG 94.9% Private 3.1% n= 18. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Without BCG 5.

0 94.3 96.0 94. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS % Total of immunized children % Total immunized children from Gov’t facilities Philippines NCR CAR I – Ilocos II – Cagayan Valley III – Central Luzon IV A–CALABARZON IV B – MIMAROPA V – Bicol 94.3 97.7 90.2 93.2 95.9 97.6 89.3 91.9 97.0 92.5 91.8 92.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by BCG Immunization by region in Luzon: Philippines.5 91.9 94.4 93.5 .

3 96. Visayas VIII – E. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS % Total of immunized children % Total immunized children from Gov’t facilities Philippines VI – W.2 92.2 95.2 94. Visayas 96. Visayas 94.9 97.3 VII – C.4 .0 96.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by BCG Immunization by region in Visayas: Philippines.

Percent participation of 0-4 year old children by BCG Immunization by region in Mindanao: Philippines.1 95. Mindanao XI – Davao Region XII – SOCCSKSARGEN 94.9 91.0 93.0 95.4 94.0 96.8 72.1 .5 95.5 92.2 93.0 91.9 73.3 XVI – CARAGA ARMM 96. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS % Total of immunized children % Total immunized children from Gov’t facilities Philippines IX – Zamboanga X – N.

9 96.1 7. OPV 7.5 4.5 80.1 DPT 7.4 92.3 82.4 96.1 Hepa-B 7.9 3.7 92.FNRI Immunization FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY No 1 Yes/ doses 2 3 Sources Total Gov’t Pvt.2 n= 18.5 5.4 82.8 3.9 3.0 5.6 5.416 .5 96.4 4.6 92.

5 91.7 87.9 88.0 . DPT.9 87.8 II – C.6 87.8 91.9 87.7 91.0 87.7 87.5 91.8 89. Valley III – C.3 88.2 88. and Hepa B Immunization by region in Luzon: Philippines.9 90.7 90.8 90.8 89.5 87.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by OPV.5 89.5 90.0 93.9 89. Luzon IV A–CALABARZON IV B – MIMAROPA V – Bicol 88.7 89. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Percent of children participating in EPI REGIONS OPV DPT Hepa B Philippines NCR CAR I – Ilocos 89.4 90.

4 93.2 89.0 .1 VIII – Eastern Visayas 93.8 94. DPT. and Hepa B Immunization by region in Visayas: Philippines.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by OPV.5 93.7 92.8 93.5 93.6 93. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS Percent of children participating in EPI OPV Philippines VI – Western Visayas VII – Central Visayas DPT 89.1 Hepa B 89.9 95.

1 95.8 93.6 88.1 91.9 90.2 94.0 89.4 90.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by OPV. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS Percent of children in participating in EPI OPV DPT Hepa B Philippines IX – Zamboanga X – North Mindanao 89.7 91.8 XI – Davao Region XII – SOCCSKSARGEN XVI – CARAGA ARMM 92.5 68.8 92.3 89.7 68.4 90.0 .9 89.3 68.9 91. and Hepa B Immunization by region in Mindanao: Philippines.4 94.5 88. DPT.

2 85.Percent distribution of 0-4 years old children by Measles vaccine and its sources.8% Private n= 18.3 Government 2.416 . 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Without Measles Vaccine 14. Philippines .7 With Measles Vaccine Source 97.

4 IVB – MIMAROPA V – Bicol 81. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS % Total of immunized children % Total immunized children from Gov’t facilities Philippines NCR CAR I – Ilocos II – Cagayan Valley III – Central Luzon IVA–CALABARZON 85.7 84.1 81.5 86.5 82.9 79.0 80.6 86.2 80.9 87.5 83.3 90.8 87.4 86.2 .0 83.1 82.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by Measles Immunization by region in Luzon: Philippines.1 88.

2 88.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by Measles Immunization by region in Visayas: Philippines.1 85. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS % Total of immunized children % Total immunized children from Gov’t facilities Philippines VI – W.7 .5 82. Visayas VII – C.Visayas 85.4 87.0 89.Visayas VIII – E.9 86.3 87.

9 86.5 86.4 86.9 80.1 84.9 64.6 .4 82.4 87.8 63. 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REGIONS % Total of immunized children % Total immunized children from Gov’t facilities Philippines IX – Zamboanga X – N.3 80.3 89.0 88.6 86.Percent participation of 0-4 years old children by Measles Immunization by region in Mindanao: Philippines. Mindanao XI – Davao Region XII – SOCCSKSARGEN XVI – CARAGA ARMM 85.

5% n= 1.012 .5% 61.Percent distribution of 9-12 months old children who are Fully Immunized: Philippines . 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Not Fully Immunized Fully Immunized 38.

3 92.7 BCG* BCG Measles* DPT DPT OPV Hepa B* HepaB 2008 *p<0.1 85.9 85.5 92.4 92. 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE 100 80 60 40 20 0 94.Percent distribution of children in Expanded Immunization Program (EPI): Philippines.9 86.9 Percentage DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 45.4 85.3 82.05 2011 .

Percent distribution of children by programs of Garantisadong Pambata: Philippines.5 40 20 0 37. A* Deworming* *p<0.05 .6 14.6 80 60 Percentage 72.5 91.3 63.6 18.3 59 53.3 39.5 32. 2008 and 2011 FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 100 84.1 79.3 GM* OPT* 2008 SF* OFC* 2011 VIT.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY .

2011 Not Dewormed 1.9 30.Percent participation of 6-12 year old children by deworming: Philippines.4 Do not know FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 23.6 Others 53.839 .9 GP 10.8 At Home 3.3 School 1.7 Dewormed 74.4 do not know n= 18.

FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 100 80 64.9 2011 .1 60 40 20 0 2008 *p<0.05 74.

0 • n= 32.1 1.1 . before meals Yes.4 Never 3.2 Do not Know 1.0 13.4 5. always sometimes 82.4 12.FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Practice • Hand washing. Yes.3 2. after meals Hand washing.3 1.5 28.9 1.3 • 92.4 2.456 Brushing teeth 68.5 • Hand washing. after toilet use 80.4 4.

ARMM was consistently low in immunization coverage and participation in Garantisadong Pambata programs Among the various immunization. coverage of measles was the lowest at 85%.SUMMARY FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Although immunization coverage among children was high at 92%. DPT and Hepa B was only about 80% Among regions. . complete doses of OPV.

CHALLENGES FNRI FOOD AND NUTRITION RESEARCH INSTITUTE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY To reduce child mortality and improve nutritional status of children. 0-12 years old: Efforts should be intensified to achieve the 90% vaccination coverage and Fully Immunized Child. especially in routine immunization activities Deworming of all preschool and school children should be strengthened .