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Mandela tribute

Mandela

Mandela
Madiba

Mandela Madiba Madib

Mandela

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Nelson N elso Rolihlahla a Mandela Ma Mandela d l Mandela Madib Madiba d Madiba


Madiba Madiba

Mandela

Madiba

Mandela tribute
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Mandela

Mandela
Madiba

Mandela Mandela
Madib Madiba

Mandela

Mandela Mandel Mandela Madiba Madi Mandela Mand Ma ndel nd ela el a Man Mandel Mandela Madiba Mandela

Nelson N elso Rolihlahla a Mandela Ma Mandela d l Madib Madiba d Madiba


Madiba Madiba

Mandela

Madiba

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At home among the stars...


Graphic: Theuns Kruger/Graphics24

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Even behind bars Nelson Mandela was a global cause clbre. From the time he took his long walk to freedom in 1991 until he announced his retirement from public life in 1999 and again in 2004, an array of princes and princesses, pop stars, politicians and celebrities of every stripe had a stop at Madibas Houghton home on their itinerary.
9. Model Naomi Campbell 10. Childrens icon Barney the Dinosaur 11. Media mogul Oprah Winfrey and archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu 12. The Manchester United football team 13. The late Princess Diana, Princess of Wales

1. Musicians Bono from U2, Beyonce, U2 guitarist The Edge, Italian singer Zucchero, Brian May and Roger Taylor from Queen at the Victor Verster prison on Robben Island 2. Singers Colleen Bailey Rae and Annie Lennox 3. Musician and humanitarian Sir Bob Geldoff

4. Actor Brad Pitt, cosmetics mogul Jean Paul De Joria and entrepreneur Sir Richard Branson 5. Actor Will Smith and his son Jaden 6. Music mogul and rapper JayZ 7. Model Jody Kidd and actor Samuel L Jackson 8. Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York

14. Academy award winner Charlize Theron 15. Physicist Stephen Hawking 16. Presley Chweneyagae and Terry Pheto, stars of Academy award winning local movie Tsotsi 17. Arnold Schwarzenegger, action movie star and governor of California 18. The late king of pop, Michael Jackson

1984
16 March P.W. Botha signs the Nkomati Accord with Mozambican president Samora Machel. South Africa will stop supporting antigovernment forces in Mozambique. In return, MK will no longer be permitted to operate there. 17 April A single record called "Free Nelson Mandela" is released by English ska musician Jerry Dammers and his band, the Special A.K.A. The song goes to No. 9 on the UK music charts. 16 October Bishop Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel peace prize for his leadership in the ght against apartheid.

1985
10 February Bothas offer to release Mandela on condition that he swears off violence for political reasons is rejected when Mandelas daughter, Zindzi, reads his words Mandelas rst public comment in 21 years at a United Democratic Front rally at Jabulani Stadium. Mandela describes violence as the responsibility of the apartheid regime and says that with democracy there will be no need for violence. What freedom am I being offered when my very South African citizenship is not respected? Only free men can negotiate. Prisoners cannot enter into contracts. The crowd erupts in cheers. 27 June Matthew Goniwe and three other United Democratic Front activists are found brutally murdered near Port Elizabeth. 20 July P.W. Botha declares a State of Emergency in 36 magisterial districts of the Eastern Cape, Pretoria, Witwatersrand and Vereeniging. Three months later, the Western Cape is added. Police are given sweeping powers. The freedom of speech, movement and of the press are sharply curtailed. August Winnie Mandelas house in Brandfort is burnt down. Winnie and Zindzi return to their home at 8115 Orlando West. 25 October A group of rock musicians calling themselves Artists United Against Apartheid release an anti-apartheid protest song called Sun City. Participants such as Bruce Springsteen, Bob Dylan, Miles Davis, Keith Richards, Pete Townshend and U2 sing they aint gonna play Sun City.

1986
19 October Freedom ghter-turnedpresident Samora Machel of Mozambique and 34 others are killed in a plane crash in Mbunzini. 13 April Winnie Mandela gives a speech in Munsieville in which she endorses the lethal practice of necklacing hanging a tire around the neck of a victim, dousing it with fuel and setting it aame. With our boxes of matches and our necklaces, we shall liberate this country, she says. 12 June A year after a State of Emergency is declared for part of the country, P.W. Botha extends the condition to the entire nation of South Africa.

1987
16 October Bernard Ingham spokesman for British prime minister Margaret Thatcher responds to a reporters question about possible ANC rule in South Africa by saying: It is cloud cuckoo land for anyone to believe that could be done. 5 November Govan Mbeki is released from Robben Island prison after 24 years.

1988
9 December After being treated for turberculosis at Tygerberg Hospital and Constantiaberg Medi-Clinic, Mandela is moved to a private, four-room house with four bedrooms, a pool, shade trees and a cook on the grounds of Victor Verster prison near Paarl. 22 December The Tripartite Agreement is signed at United Nations headquarters in New York by representatives of Angola, Cuba and South Africa. The agreement means South Africa will relinquish control of Namibia, complying with a UN Security Council resolution. Historians later say this leads directly to the political downfall of P.W. Botha. 29 December Stompie Seipei, a 14-year-old activist for the Congress of South African Students, is abducted and beaten in Winnie Mandelas home by the Mandela United Football Club, which serves as Winnies bodyguards. Seipeis lifeless body is found a week later.