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Mrs.

Meer
Chemistry

Name______________________ #_______
Date_____________ Period_____________

Chapter 7 Part I

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Types of Chemical Compounds 
Classify the following compounds as ionic or molecular (covalent).
1. CaCl2 _______ionic________

11. MgO ____________________

2. CO2 ____________________

12. NH4Cl ____________________

3. H2O ____________________

13. Sr(NO3)2 ____________________

4. Na2SO4 ____________________

14. KI ____________________

5. K2O ____________________

15. Ba(OH)2 ____________________

6. NaF ____________________

16. NO2 ____________________

7. Na2CO3 ____________________

17. Ca3(PO4)2 ____________________

8. CH4 ____________________

18. FeCl3 ____________________

9. Mg(NO3)2 ____________________

19. P2O5 ____________________

10. LiBr ____________________

20. N2O3 ____________________

Binary Ionic Compounds – Compounds with monatomic ions in it, a metallic ion and a
nonmetallic ion. This allows only two types of atoms in the formula. Ex: Rb2O
Ternary Ionic Compounds – Compounds with at least one polyatomic ion in it. This allows three
or more types of atoms in the formula. Ex: RbNO3

Classify the following compounds as binary ionic or ternary ionic.

21. KOH ____ternary ionic___________

26. Na2Cr2O7 _______________________

22. CoO _________________________

27. MgSO4 _________________________

23. Fe(NO3)2 _______________________

28. Cu2S _________________________

24. MgH2 _________________________

29. SnO2 _________________________

25. Cs2S _________________________

30. NH4NO3 ________________________
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group 2. Fe3+ ____________________ 12. (any of the transition metals and any metals underneath the staircase). Ni+ ____________________ 17. Example 4: Na+ Example 5: Mg2+ ____________________ Example 6: aluminum ion ____________________ ____________________ Rule B: If the atom can form more than one charge when forming an ion. cobalt(II) ion _________________ 13. place the charge as a Roman numeral in parentheses. and Zn2+. Ca2+ ____________________ 16. Example 7: Pb2+ _________________ Example 9: copper(I) ion __________ Example 8: Fe2+ _________________ Example 10: copper(II) ion _________ Try These: 11. Rb+ ____________________ 15. and then add “ion”. (all group 1. Ag+ ____________________ 18. zinc ion _________________ 3 . and add “ion”. take the name of the atom that the ion is formed from. take the name of the atom that the ion is formed from. lithium ion ________________ 14. Ag+. Cd2+. Example 1: ammonium ion ____________________ Example 2: NO3.Naming Ions Polyatomic Ions Rule: Look up the name or symbol from your polyatomic ion sheet. & Al3+).____________________ Monatomic Ions • CATIONS Rule A: If the atom always forms the same charge when forming an ion.____________________ Example 3: NO2.

____________________ sulfide ion ____________________ sulfite ion ____________________ sulfate ion ____________________ 4 .____________________ NO2.____________________ Example 23: bromide ion ____________________ Example 24: telluride ion ____________________ YOU TRY IT! 25.• ANIONS Rule: Take the nonmetal atom name. F.____________________ 28. selenide ion ____________________ 27. O2. Example 21: S2. remove the ending and add “-ide ion” to it.____________________ Let’s Compare some ions: N3.____________________ NO3. iodide ion ____________________ 26.____________________ Example 22: N3.

cyanide ion Monatomic cation with one possible charge – Name of atom and add “ion” Monatomic cation with more than one possible charge – Name of atom.chloride ion O2.oxide ion N3. and add “-ide ion” Polyatomic ions – no naming rules…just know them.sulfate ion CN. and add “ion” Monatomic anion – Name of atom. remove ending. with charge as Roman numeral in parentheses.sulfite ion SO42. 5 .Understanding Ion Nomenclature  IONS CATIONS MONATOMIC ANIONS POLYATOMIC MONATOMIC POLYATOMIC *one possible charge *Groups 1 & 2 and others *more than one possible charge *few *ends in –IDE *ends in –ITE -ATE or –IDE (a few) Na+ sodium ion Ca2+calcium ion Ag+ silver ion Zn2+ zinc ion Cd2+ cadmium ion Al3+ aluminum ion Fe2+ iron(II) ion Fe3+ iron(III) ion Cu+ copper(I) ion Cu2+ copper(II) ion NH4+ ammonium ion Cl.nitride ion SO32.

Cu+ ______________________________ 6. Zn2+ ______________________________ 10. CO32.______________________________ 5. N3. 1. H+ ______________________________ 4. acetate ion ______________________________ 12.Ions ‐ Worksheet  Name the following ions. phosphate ion ______________________________ 14. NH4+ ______________________________ 9. sulfite ion ______________________________ 20. strontium ion ______________________________ 16. nickel(II) ion ______________________________ 17. O2. Ca2+ ______________________________ 2. sulfide ion ______________________________ 6 . phosphide ion ______________________________ 13.______________________________ 3.______________________________ 8.______________________________ Write the formulas for the following ions. tin(II) ion ______________________________ 18. 11. sulfate ion ______________________________ 19. iron(II) ion ______________________________ 15. Fe3+ ______________________________ 7. H.

Example: copper (I) sulfide This contains Cu+ ions and S2. determine the charges of each ion and be sure to combine them so that the number of positive charges is equal in magnitude to the number of negative charges. Example: Al2O3 . One of the most common ionic compounds is NaCl. These formulas are written in the lowest. The name is manganese (IV) oxide. making Cu2S. I first looked at the O and knew it was a 2-. This is why we usually refer to it as salt or table salt.ion. the positives would have to add up to 4+. In order to make a neutral compound.ions would make a total negative charge of -6. Ionic Compounds are named after the ions they contain. However. they will form neutral compounds.ions. Two Cu+ ions are needed for each S2. An ionic compound is often referred to as a “salt”. just write the names of the two types of ions.ions. This makes a neutral compound.aluminum oxide It is made of two Al3+ ions (aluminum ions) and three O2. whole-number ratios are called “formula units”. I had to determine the charge on the Mn. 2 Al3+ ions would make a total positive charge of +6. the compound is made of manganese(IV) ions and oxide ions.ions (oxide ions).Ionic Compound Nomenclature  ALL COMPOUNDS ARE NEUTRAL! When ions combine. If there is only one Mn in the compound.ions. then that would be a total negative charge of 4-. So the name is calcium iodide. then its entire charge would be 4+. So. They are written in a 1:2 ratio in the compound so it is neutral. Example: MnO2 This contains 1 Mn+4 ion and 2 O2. These lowest. It is a transition metal and needs a roman numeral in its name. whole-number ratio. 3 O2.ions. I then thought that if there were two 2. Example: CaI2 This contains 1 Ca2+ ion and 2 I. when naming the compound. 7 . When determining the formula for an ionic compound.

BaO ___________________________ 17. rubidium sulfide _______________ 30. mercury(II) oxide _______________ 31. K2S ____________________________ C. sulfur and sodium ___________ 2. NaCl ___________________________ 22. fluorine and zinc ___________ B. iron(II) oxide _______________ 29.Binary Ionic Compounds – Worksheet #1  A. tin(IV) fluoride _______________ 28. platinum(II) selenide ______________ 36. the cation is always written first. Write the formulas for these binary ionic compounds. silver and phosphorus ___________ 4. CdBr2 __________________________ 21. Cs2S ____________________________ 16. FeF3 ___________________________ 10. cadmium oxide _______________ 27. Write the names for these binary ionic compounds. Tc3P4 __________________________ 20. 1. calcium nitride _______________ 32. rubidium and iodine ___________ 5. barium and chlorine ___________ 6. MnO2 __________________________ 19. lithium and selenium ___________ 7. silver phosphide _______________ 35. Mg3N2 _________________________ 11. europium(II) nitride ______________ 24. Write the formulas for the compounds formed from these elements. uranium(VI) fluoride ______________ 34. AlI3 ____________________________ 18. lead(II) chloride _______________ 26. 23. aluminum and oxygen ___________ 3. cesium phosphide _______________ 25. iron(III) oxide _______________ 8 . 9. zinc bromide _______________ 33. nitrogen and magnesium ____________ 8. Ni3P2 ___________________________ 12. UO2 ___________________________ 13. HF ____________________________ 14. CoN ___________________________ 15. Remember.

lead(IV) bromide ________________________________________ 16. Fe2S3 ________________________________________ 12. write the name. CuSe ________________________________________ 17. cobalt(III) oxide ________________________________________ 4. SrO ________________________________________ 13.Binary Ionic Compounds – Worksheet #2  If the name of the compound is given. radium iodide ________________________________________ 10. barium phosphide ________________________________________ 5. Ag2S ________________________________________ 8. KBr ________________________________________ 2. write the formula. CdI2 ________________________________________ 9 . beryllium selenide ________________________________________ 11. If the formula of the compound is given. mercury(II) fluoride ________________________________________ 15. V2O5 ________________________________________ 3. Sn3N4 ________________________________________ 9. CrCl2 ________________________________________ 14. lithium oxide ________________________________________ 19. 1. cobalt(III) fluoride ________________________________________ 20. Cu3P ________________________________________ 7. cadmium nitride ________________________________________ 6. FeP ________________________________________ 18.

LiHCO3 ________________________________________ 8. write the formula. iron(II) arsenate ________________________________________ 24. If the formula of the compound is given. HCN ________________________________________ 16. NH4OH ________________________________________ 10 . Be(ClO)2 ________________________________________ 10. rubidium cyanate ________________________________________ 21. cesium hydrogen sulfate ________________________________________ 17. aluminum oxalate ________________________________________ 11. nickel(II) phosphate ________________________________________ 6. silver acetate ________________________________________ 4. 1. SrSO3 ________________________________________ 5. ammonium phosphate ________________________________________ 9. calcium nitrite ________________________________________ 2. manganese(II) silicate ________________________________________ 15. copper(II) sulfate ________________________________________ 22. rubidium dichromate ________________________________________ 12. BaSO4 ________________________________________ 3. calcium hydroxide ________________________________________ 14. Ti(OH)4 ________________________________________ 18. write the name. Ca(ClO3)2 ________________________________________ 20. CuCl ________________________________________ 23. KHSO3 ________________________________________ 13. ammonium chloride ________________________________________ 19.Ternary Ionic Compounds ‐ Worksheet  If the name of the compound is given. Na2CO3 ________________________________________ 7.

copper(I) ion – cuprous ion Cu2+ .copper(II) ion – cupric ion Fe2+ . For your information. Cu+ . the lower of the two is the “-ous” ion and the higher of the two is the “-ic” ion.tin(II) ion – stannous ion Sn4+ .lead(IV) ion – plumbic ion You must learn all of these Latin names. Remember the lower of the two is “ous” and the higher of the two is “ic”. Fe2O3 iron(III) oxide ferric oxide 2. SnO2 ______________________________ ______________________________ 4.chromium(III) ion – chromic ion Sn2+ . Fe “ferr”.iron(II) ion – ferrous ion Fe3+ . the Latin roots for the name of the metals are: Cu “cupr”.iron(III) ion .lead(II) ion – plumbous ion Pb4+ . and Pb “plumb”. Co “cobalt”.Latin Nomenclature  Some ions have Latin names for them that are commonly used. PbO ______________________________ ______________________________ 11 .ferric ion Cr2+ . Sn “stann”. When there are two possible charges for similar ions. Cr “chrom”.tin(IV) ion – stannic ion Pb2+ . Cu2O ______________________________ ______________________________ 3. Name the following compounds with both methods: 1.chromium(II) ion – chromous ion Cr3+ .

sodium sulfate decahydrate ______________________________ 8. ZnCl2▪6H2O ______________________________ 4. cobalt(II) chloride hexahydrate ______________________________ 10. sodium carbonate decahydrate ______________________________ 12 . CaCl2▪2H2O ______________________________ Write the formulas for the following hydrates: 6. lithium chloride tetrahydrate ______________________________ 9. Na2S2O3▪5H2O______________________________ monoditritetrapentahexaheptaoctanonadeca- one two three four five six seven eight nine ten 5. barium hydroxide octahydrate ______________________________ 7. MgCl2▪6H2O ______________________________ 2.Hydrate Nomenclature  hydrate – a compound that releases water when heated Example: CuSO4▪5H2O Cu copper(II) SO4 sulfate ▪ 5 H 2O part of the compound penta hydrate Example: MgSO4▪7H2O Example: aluminum chloride hexahydrate __magnesium sulfate heptahydrate_______ _____AlCl3▪6H2O________________ Name the following hydrates: 1. Cd(NO3)2▪4H2O ______________________________ 3.

potassium carbonate ________________________________________ 8. write the name. potassium iodide ________________________________________ 4. Fe3(PO4)2 ________________________________________ 15.All Ionic Compounds ‐ Worksheet  If the name of the compound is given. FeCl3 (use the Latin nomenclature)___________________________________ 14. aluminum hydrogen carbonate ________________________________________ 19. AgNO3 ________________________________________ 5. calcium hydroxide ________________________________________ 17. sodium nitrate ________________________________________ 9. iron(III) chromate ________________________________________ 30. barium acetate ________________________________________ 10. hydrogen peroxide ________________________________________ 11. copper(II) nitrate ________________________________________ 28. potassium hypochlorite ________________________________________ 29. potassium selenide ________________________________________ 22. NH4CH3COO ________________________________________ 27. write the formula. potassium biphosphate ________________________________________ 12. lead(II) nitrate ________________________________________ 2. Fe(ClO)2 ________________________________________ 26. stannic dichromate ________________________________________ 24. sodium carbonate ________________________________________ 3. sodium hydrogen phosphate ________________________________________ 25. Na2SO3 ________________________________________ 7. Ag2SO4 ________________________________________ **THIS MAY BE GRADED FOR CORRECTNESS** 13 . Ba(OH)2 ________________________________________ 13. ZnS ________________________________________ 23. If the formula of the compound is given. aluminum sulfate ________________________________________ 16. copper(I) dichromate ________________________________________ 21. tin(II) oxide ________________________________________ 18. 1. barium nitrate ________________________________________ 6. sodium perchlorate ________________________________________ 20.

Example: CO IS carbon monoxide NOT monocarbon monoxide (no mono necessary to indicate the first) NOT carbon oxide (the mono is necessary to indicate the number of O) NOT carbon monooxide (often the “o” is dropped before a vowel) 14 .Molecular Compound Nomenclature  Molecular compounds are composed of individually covalently bonded atoms. Example: N2O IS dinitrogen monoxide NOT dinitride monoxide (the first element does not end in “-ide”) NOT dinitrogen monoxygen (the second element should end in “-ide”) NOT dinitrogen monooxide (often the “o” is dropped before a vowel) Also. They are sometimes called covalent compounds. monoditritetrapentahexaheptaoctanonadeca- one two three four five six seven eight nine ten When naming the molecular compound. These compounds are composed of all nonmetals. One system for naming these compounds is based on the use of prefixes. The simplest unit of a molecular compound is called a “molecule”. All molecular compounds end in “-ide”. mono is not used to indicate one atom if it applies to the first atom. the prefix that indicates the number of each atom is placed before the atom in the name.

carbon dioxide ________________________________________ 17. dinitrogen monoxide ________________________________________ 31. N2O5 ________________________________________ 3. 1. dicarbon octafluoride ________________________________________ 21. sulfur hexafluoride ________________________________________ 9. trinitrogen hexabromide ________________________________________ 18. P2S4 ________________________________________ 13. PI3 ________________________________________ 27. dihydrogen monoxide ________________________________________ 15 . iodine tribromide ________________________________________ 7. CS2 ________________________________________ 4. P4O8 ________________________________________ 6. diiodine dichloride ________________________________________ 30. NBr5 ________________________________________ 25. N2O4 ________________________________________ 14. phosphorus trichloride ________________________________________ 26. SI4 ________________________________________ 16. I4O9 ________________________________________ 32. PCl5 ________________________________________ 29. P4O10 ________________________________________ 22. CF4 ________________________________________ 2. SO3 ________________________________________ 5. CO ________________________________________ 20. XeF4 ________________________________________ 15. chlorine dioxide ________________________________________ 8.Molecular Compounds ‐ Worksheet  If the name of the compound is given. disulfur trioxide ________________________________________ 28. H2O ________________________________________ 12. Cl2S7 ________________________________________ 24. Si3N4 ________________________________________ 23. write the name. If the formula is given. diiodine heptaselenide ________________________________________ 19. write the formula. difluorine octachloride ________________________________________ 10. tribromine nonatelluride ________________________________________ 11.

PO43Therefore the formula is H3PO4(aq). binary acid – an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements Example: HCl(aq) – hydrochloric acid oxyacid – an acid that contains hydrogen. a proton is written as H+. When taking the name and writing the formula. 0no) loses an electron to become a hydrogen ion. it has an H+ in the formula to donate to another substance during a chemical reaction. Often. we will only be naming acids that begin with “H” in the formula. they are differentiated by the anion in the formula. So. H. Aqueous means something is dissolved in water.chloride ion -ite ions _____ stem _____ous acid Ex: HClO2(aq) ClO2. If the anion is identified. sometimes.Acid Nomenclature  If a hydrogen atom. an acid is referred to as a “proton donor”. Example: HNO3(aq) – nitric acid NAMING RULES: Since all the acids we are naming begin with a hydrogen ion. 1e-. It is written as (aq). be sure to combine the appropriate amount of H+ with the anion to make a neutral compound. Example: phosphoric acid phosphor-ic acid is from the phosph–ate ion. oxygen and a third element. (1p+. what is the formula for citric acid? 16 . For naming purposes.chlorite ion chlorous acid -ate ions _____ stem _____ic acid Ex: HClO3(aq) ClO3. you place phosphor in the blank. then the acid can be named. -ide ions hydro__stem___ic acid Ex: HCl(aq) Cl. what is left? Only a proton is left. There are many definitions of acids. usually a nonmetal. For phosphorus. if the citrate ion is C6H5O73-. So. If something is a proton donor. For sulfur you place sulfur in the blank. H+. Acids are said to be “aqueous”.chlorate ion chloric acid hydrochloric acid Sulfur and phosphorus are exceptions. although acids are not always written with the (aq).

More Acids…    monoprotic acid diprotic acid triprotic acid polyprotic acid ______________________________________________________________________________ 17 .

chromic acid ________________________________________ 23. write the formula. HF(aq) ________________________________________ 8. acetic acid ________________________________________ 12. H2C2O4(aq) ________________________________________ 19. If the formula of the acid is given. hydrocyanic acid ________________________________________ 2. H2SiO3(aq)________________________________________ 7. hydrobromic acid ________________________________________ 4. phosphoric acid ________________________________________ 24. H2S(aq) ________________________________________ 11. hydroselenic acid ________________________________________ 15. HClO(aq) ________________________________________ 17. sulfurous acid ________________________________________ 13. H3PO3(aq) ________________________________________ 9. HClO2(aq) ________________________________________ 18. hydrochloric acid ________________________________________ 22. write the name. dichromic acid ________________________________________ 3. nitrous acid ________________________________________ 5. 1. sulfuric acid ________________________________________ 6. perchloric acid ________________________________________ 14. HMnO4(aq) ________________________________________ 21. H2CO3(aq) ________________________________________ 10. HCl(g) ________________________________________ 18 . H3P(aq) ________________________________________ 20. carbonic acid ________________________________________ 16.Acids ‐ Worksheet  If the name of the acid is given.

(NH4)2SO4▪6H2O ______________________________ 24. If the formula is given.Chapter Review of All Naming  If the name of the substance is given. Na2CO3 ______________________________ 26. Cu3P ______________________________ 27. potassium bromide ______________________________ 5. HI ______________________________ 28. HPO42. carbonate ion ______________________________ 16. calcium hydroxide ______________________________ 25. V2O5 ______________________________ 9. nitrous acid ______________________________ 6. SrSO3 ______________________________ 19. BaSO4 ______________________________ 11. cadmium nitrate ______________________________ 2. Fe ______________________________ 20. sulfuric acid ______________________________ 14. chromate ion ______________________________ 3. HClO4 ______________________________ 10. BaO ______________________________ 17. PCl3 ______________________________ 8. CBr4 ______________________________ 22. write the name. hydrogen peroxide ______________________________ 15. write the formula. lead(II) acetate ______________________________ 19 . dinitrogen monoxide ______________________________ 4. HClO2 ______________________________ 18. hypochlorite ion ______________________________ 23. sulfur hexafluoride ______________________________ 12.______________________________ 7. 1. acetic acid ______________________________ 21. cuprous oxide ______________________________ 13.

)  NO2- __________________________________ hydroxide ion _______________ CO32- __________________________________ hydrogen sulfate ion ___________ B4O72- __________________________________ hydrogen phosphate ion ________ HSO3- __________________________________ hydrogen carbonate ion ________ SCN- __________________________________ chlorate ion H2PO4- __________________________________ ammonium ion _______________ C2O42- __________________________________ perchlorate ion _______________ PO33- __________________________________ hypochlorite ion ______________ H3O+ __________________________________ nitrate ion _______________ AsO43- __________________________________ cyanide ion _______________ NH4+ __________________________________ sulfate ion _______________ MnO4- __________________________________ sulfite ion _______________ BO33- __________________________________ PO43- __________________________________ chlorite ion _______________ Cr2O72- __________________________________ acetate ion _______________ O22- __________________________________ thiosulfate ion _______________ I3- __________________________________ cyanate ion _______________ chromate ion _____________ _______________ 20 . you did not have to memorize.Polyatomic Ion Practice  (Some of these.