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41. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment in the beam at points C and D. Assume the support at A is a pin and B is a roller.
A C

6 kN 20 kN m D B

1m

1m

2m

2m

Entire beam: + : a Fx = 0; a + a MA = 0; Ax = 0 By(6) - 20 - 6(2) = 0 By = 5.333 kN + c a Fy = 0; Ay + 5.333 - 6 = 0 Ay = 0.6667 kN Segment AC: + : a Fx = 0; + c a Fy = 0; NC = 0 0.6667 - VC = 0 VC = 0.667 kN a + a MC = 0; MC - 0.6667(1) = 0 MC = 0.667 kN # m Segment DB: + : a Fx = 0; + c a Fy = 0; ND = 0 VD + 5.333 = 0 VD = - 5.33 kN a + a MD = 0; - MD + 5.333(2) - 20 = 0 MD = - 9.33 kN # m Ans. Ans. Ans. Ans. Ans. Ans.

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42. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment in the beam at points C and D. Assume the support at B is a roller. Point D is located just to the right of the 10k load.

10 k 25 k ft A C 10 ft 10 ft D 10 ft B 25 k ft

## Entire Beam: a + a MA = 0; By (30) + 25 - 25 - 10(20) = 0 By = 6.667 k

+ c a Fy = 0;

Ay + 6.667 - 10 = 0 Ay = 3.333 k

+ : a Fx = 0; Segment AC: + : a Fx = 0; + c a Fy = 0;

Ax = 0

NC = 0 - VC + 3.333 = 0 VC = 3.33 k

Ans.

Ans.

a + a MC = 0;

+ c a Fy = 0;

a + a MD = 0;

## - MD + 25 + 6.667(10) = 0 MD = 91.7 k # ft Ans.

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43. The boom DF of the jib crane and the column DE have a uniform weight of 50 lb> ft. If the hoist and load weigh 300 lb, determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment in the crane at points A, B, and C.

D B 2 ft 5 ft C 300 lb 7 ft 8 ft A 3 ft F

Equations of Equilibrium: For point A + ; a Fx = 0; + c a Fy = 0; NA = 0 VA - 150 - 300 = 0 VA = 450 lb a + a MA = 0; - MA - 150(1.5) - 300(3) = 0 MA = - 1125 lb # ft = - 1.125 kip # ft Ans. Ans. Ans.

Negative sign indicates that MA acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD. Equations of Equilibrium: For point B + ; a Fx = 0; + c a Fy = 0; NB = 0 VB - 550 - 300 = 0 VB = 850 lb a + a MB = 0; - MB - 550(5.5) - 300(11) = 0 MB = - 6325 lb # ft = - 6.325 kip # ft Ans. Ans. Ans.

Negative sign indicates that MB acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD. Equations of Equilibrium: For point C + ; a Fx = 0; + c a Fy = 0; VC = 0 - NC - 250 - 650 - 300 = 0 NC = - 1200 lb = - 1.20 kip a + a MC = 0; - MC - 650(6.5) - 300(13) = 0 MC = - 8125 lb # ft = - 8.125 kip # ft Ans. Ans. Ans.

Negative sign indicate that NC and MC act in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.

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*44. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment at point D. Take w = 150 N> m.
A D 4m 4m

w B

3m C

4m

a + a MA = 0;

3 F (8) = 0 5 BC

+ : a Fx = 0;

Ax -

4 (1000) = 0 5

+ c a Fy = 0;

Ans.

Ans.

a + a MD = 0;

## - 600(4) + 150(4)(2) + MD = 0 MD = 1200 N # m = 1.20 kN # m Ans.

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45. The beam AB will fail if the maximum internal moment at D reaches 800 N . m or the normal force in member BC becomes 1500 N. Determine the largest load w it can support.

w A D 4m 4m C 3m B

4m

Assume maximum moment occurs at D; 8w MD a + a MD = 0; (4) + 4w (2) = 0 2 800 = 8 w w = 100 N> m a + a MA = 0; - 800(4) + TBC(0.6)(8) = 0 TBC = 666.7 N 6 1500 N w = 100 N> m (O. K!) Ans.

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46. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment in the beam at points C and D. Assume the support at A is a roller and B is a pin.
A 1.5 m 1.5 m

4 kN/m

C 1.5 m

D 1.5 m

Support Reactions. Referring to the FBD of the entire beam in Fig. a, a + a MB = 0; 1 (4)(6)(2) - Ay(3) = 0 2 Ay = 8 kN

Internal Loadings. Referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam sectioned through point C, Fig. b, + : a Fx = 0; NC = 0 1 (1)(1.5) - VC = 0 2 1 (1)(1.5)(0.5) = 0 2 Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0;

VC = - 0.75 kN

Ans.

a + a MC = 0;

MC +

MC = - 0.375 kN # m

Ans.

Referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam sectioned through point D, Fig. c, + : a Fx = 0; ND = 0 1 (3)(4.5) - VD = 0 2 Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0;

8-

VD = 1.25 kN

Ans.

a + a MD = 0;

MD +

## 1 (3)( - 4.5)(1.5) - 8(1.5) = 0 2 MD = 1.875 kN # m Ans.

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47. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment at point C. Assume the reactions at the supports A and B are vertical.

A C 3m 6m

+ : a Fx = 0;

NC = 0

Ans.

+ T a Fy = 0;

a + a MC = 0;

## MC + 0.5(1) + 1.5(1.5) - 3.75(3) = 0 MC = 8.50 kN # m Ans.

*48. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment at point D. Assume the reactions at the supports A and B are vertical.

A D 6m 3m

+ : a Fx = 0;

ND = 0

Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0;

a + a MD = 0;

## MD + 2(2) + 3(3) - 3.75(6) = 0 MD = 9.50 kN # m Ans.

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49. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment in the beam at point C. The support at A is a roller and B is pinned.

5 kN 3 kN/m

Support Reactions. Referring to the FBD of the entire beam in Fig a, a + a MA = 0; + : a Fx = 0; By (4) + 5(1) - 3(4)(2) = 0 Bx = 0 By = 4.75 kN

1m

2m

2m

Internal Loadings. Referring to the FBD of the right segment of the beam sectioned through point c, Fig. b, + : a Fx = 0; NC = 0 Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0;

VC + 4.75 - 3(2) = 0

VC = 1.25 kN

Ans.

a + a MC = 0;

4.75(2) - 3(2)(1) - MC = 0

MC = 3.50 kN # m

Ans.

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410. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment at point C. Assume the reactions at the supports A and B are vertical.

300 lb/ft

400 lb/ft

A C 12 ft 8 ft

B 9 ft

+ c a Fy = 0;

+ c a Fy = 0;

a + a MC = 0;

## MC + 3.60(6) - 2.73(12) = 0 MC = 11.2 kip # ft Ans.

Negative sign indicates that VC acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.

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411. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment at points D and E. Assume the reactions at the supports A and B are vertical.

300 lb/ft

400 lb/ft

A C 12 ft 8 ft

B 9 ft

+ c a Fy = 0;

+ c a Fy = 0;

a + a MD = 0;

+ c a Fy = 0;

a + a ME = 0;

## - ME - 0.45(1.5) = 0 ME = - 0.675 kip # ft Ans.

Negative sign indicates that ME acts in the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.

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*412. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as a function of x.
a A x

P b B

Support Reactions: Referring to the FBD of the entire beam in Fig. a, a + a MA = 0; NB (L) - Pa = 0 NB = Pa L Pb L

a + a MB = 0; + : a Fx = 0;

Pb - Ay (L) = 0 Ax = 0

Ay =

Internal Loading: For 0 x 6 a, refer to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. b. + c a Fy = 0; a + a MO = 0; Pb - V=0 L M V = Pb L Ans. Ans.

Pb Pb x=0 M = x L L

For a 6 x L, refer to the FBD of the right segment of the beam in Fig. c. + c a Fy = 0; a + a MO = 0; V+ Pa =0 L V= Pa L Ans.

Pa (L - x) - M = 0 L M= Pa (L - x) L Ans.

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413. Determine the shear and moment in the floor girder as a function of x. Assume the support at A is a pin and B is a roller.
A 1m x

6 kN 4 kN

B 2m 1m

Support Reactions: Referring to the FBD of the entire beam in Fig. a. a + a MA = 0; By (4) - 4(1) - 6(3) = 0 By = 5.50 kN a + a MB = 0; 6(1) + 4(3) - Ay(4) = 0 Ay = 4.50 kN + : a Fx = 0; Ax = 0

Internal Loadings: For 0 x 6 1 m, Referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. b, + c a Fy = 0; a + a MO = 0; 4.50 - V = 0 M - 4.50 x = 0 M = 54.50 x6 kN # m Ans. V = 4.50 kN Ans.

For 1 m 6 x 6 3 m, referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. c, + c a Fy = 0; 4.50 - 4 - V = 0 V = 0.500 kN a + a MO = 0; M + 4 (x - 1) - 4.50 x = 0 M = 50.5 x + 46 kN # m Ans. Ans.

For 3 m 6 x 4 m, referring to the FBD of the right segment of the beam in Fig. d, + c a Fy = 0; a + a MO = 0; V + 5.50 = 0 V = - 5.50 kN Ans.

## 5.50(4 - x) - M = 0 M = 5 - 5.50x + 226 kN # m Ans.

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414. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as a function of x.
A x

a M0

b B

Support Reactions: Referring to the FBD of the entire beam in Fig. a + : a Fx = 0; a + a MA = 0; a + a MB = 0; Ax = 0 MO - NB (L) = 0 MO - Ay (L) = 0 MO L MO Ay = L By =

Internal Loadings: For 0 x 6 a, refer to the FBD of the left segment of the beam is Fig. b. + c a Fy = 0; a + a Mo = 0; MO - V=0 L Mo M x=0 L MO L MO M= x L V= Ans. Ans.

For a 6 x L, refer to the FBD of the right segment of the beam in Fig. c + c a Fy = 0; a + a Mo = 0; V MO =0 L Mo -M (L - x) = 0 L Mo (L - x) L V= MO L Ans. Ans. Ans.

M= -

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415. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as a function of x.
A x 2m

7 kN 12 kN m B

2m

4m

Reaction at A: + : a Fx = 0; c + a MB = 0; 0x62m + c a Fy = 0; c + a M = 0; 2m6x64m Segment: + c a Fy = 0; c + a M = 0; - V + 3.75 - 7 = 0; V = - 3.25 Ans. 3.75 - V = 0; 3.75x - M = 0; V = 3.75 kN M = 3.75x kN Ans. Ans. Ax = 0 Ay(8) - 7(6) + 12 = 0; Ay = 3.75 kN Ans.

## - 3.75x + 7(x - 2) - 12 + M = 0; M = 26 - 3.25x Ans.

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*416. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as a function of x.
A x 3m

8 kN/m

B 3m

Support Reactions. Referring to the FBD of the entire beam in Fig. a, a + a MA = 0; By (6) - 8(3)(4.5) By = 22 kN a + a MB = 0; 8(3)(1.5) + Ay = 14 kN + : a Fx = 0; Ax = 0 1 (8)(3)(4) - Ay (6) = 0 2 1 (8)(3)(2) = 0 2

Internal Loadings: For 0 x 6 3 m, refer to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. b, + c a Fy = 0; 14 V= 1 8 a xbx - V = 0 2 3

E - 1.33x 2 + 14 F kN
x 1 8 a x b (x) a b - 14x = 0 2 3 3

Ans.

a + a MO = 0;

M+ M=

E - 0.444 x 3 + 14 x F kN # m

Ans.

For 3 m 6 x 6 m, refer to the FBD of the right segment of the beam in Fig. c + c a Fy = 0; V + 22 - 8(6 - x) = 0 V= a + a MO = 0;

E - 8x + 26 F kN
6-x b -M=0 2

Ans.

M = 5 - 4 x2 + 26x - 126 kN # m

22(6 - x) - 8(6 - x) a

Ans.

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417. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as a function of x.

8 kN 4 kN

8 kN

x 1m 1m 1m

## For 0 x 1 m, referring to the FBD of the left segment of the

-V-4=0 M + 4x = 0

V = - 4 kN M = 5 - 4 x6 kN # m

Ans. Ans.

For 1 m 6 x 6 2 m, referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. b, + c a Fy = 0; a + a MO = 0; -4-8 - V=0 V = 5 - 126 kN # m Ans.

M + 8 (x - 1) + 4x = 0 M = 5 - 12 x + 86 kN # m Ans.

For 2 m 6 x 3 m, referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. c, + c a Fy = 0; a + a MO = 0; -4 - 8 - 8 - V = 0 V = 5 - 206 kN Ans.

## M + 4x + 8 (x - 1) + 8(x - 2) = 0 M = 5 - 20x + 24 6 kN # m Ans.

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418. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as functions of x.

2 k/ft

10 k

8k 40 kft

x
6 ft 4 ft

Support Reactions: As shown on FBD. Shear and Moment Functions: For 0 x 6 6 ft + c a Fy = 0; 30.0 - 2x - V = 0 V = 530.0 - 2x6 k a + a MNA = 0; x M + 216 + 2x a b - 30.0x = 0 2 M = 5 - x2 + 30.0x - 2166 k # ft For 6 ft 6 x 10 ft + : a Fy = 0; a + a MNA = 0; V-8=0 V = 8.00 k Ans. Ans. Ans.

## - M - 8 (10 - x) - 40 = 0 M = 58.00x - 1206 k # ft Ans.

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419. Determine the shear and moment throughout the beam as functions of x.

## 250 lb 150 lb/ ft

250 lb

A x 4 ft 6 ft

B 4 ft

Support Reactions: As shown on FBD. Shear and moment Functions: For 0 x 6 4 ft + c a Fy = 0; a + a MNA = 0; - 250 - V = 0 M + 250x = 0 V = - 250 lb M = 5 - 250x F lb # ft Ans. Ans.

For 4 ft 6 x 6 10 ft + c a Fy = 0; - 250 + 700 - 150(x - 4) - V = 0 V = 51050 - 150x F lb a + a MNA = 0; M + 150(x - 4) a x-4 b + 250x - 700(x - 4) = 0 2 Ans. Ans.

Ans.

## - M - 250(14 - x) = 0 M = 5250x - 35006lb # ft Ans.

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## *420. Determine the shear and moment in the beam as functions of x.

A x L __ 2

w0

B L __ 2

Support Reactions: As shown on FBD. Shear and Moment Functions: For 0 x 6 L> 2 + c a Fy = 0; a + a MNA = 0; 3woL - wo x - V = 0 4 V= wo (3L - 4x) 4 Ans.

Ans.

-M -

## 1 2wo L-x c (L - x) d (L - x) a b =0 2 L 3 wo (L - x)2 M= 3L

Ans.

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## 421. Determine the shear and moment in the beam as a function of x.

1200 lb ft A x 10 ft 800 lb

200 lb/ ft

Internal Loadings: Referring to the FBD of the left segment of the beam in Fig. a, 1 200 a x b (x) - V = 0 2 10 Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0;

- 800 -

a + a Mo = 0;

M +

## M = 5 - 3.33x3 - 800x - 12006 lb # ft

Ans.

422 Determine the shear and moment throughout the tapered beam as a function of x.

8 kN/ m

B A

x 9m

1 8 8 8 + : a Fy = 0; 36 - a x b (x) - a 8 - x b x - V = 0 2 9 9 9 V = 36 4 2 8 x - 8x + x2 9 9

M = - 108 -

## M = 0.148x3 - 4x2 + 36x - 108

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423.

500 lb

200 lb B

300 lb

6 ft

4 ft

4 ft

6 ft

2 ft

*424. beam.

## Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the

2k

2k

2k

2k

A 4 ft 4 ft 4 ft 4 ft 4 ft

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425.

## Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

0.4 m 0.6 m A C 1m 1m
5 3

6 kN
4

20 kN m

D 2m 2m

Ans. Ans.

426.

10 k

0.8 k/ ft

8k

6 ft

12 ft

12 ft

6 ft

## Vmax = - 10.1 k Mmax = - 60 k # ft

Ans. Ans.

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427. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

## 400 lb/ ft 600 lb ft A B x 15 ft

*428. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam (a) in terms of the parameters shown; (b) set MO = 500 N . m, L = 8 m.
L/ 3

M0

M0

L/ 3

L/ 3

(a)

For

0 x

L 3 Ans. Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0; V = 0 a + a M = 0; M = 0

For

2L L 6 x 6 3 3 Ans. Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0; V = 0 a + a M = 0; M = MO

For

2L 6 x L 3 Ans. Ans.

+ c a Fy = 0; V = 0 a + a M = 0; M = 0

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428. (b)

## Continued Set MO = 500 N # m, L = 8 m 8 m 3 Ans. Ans.

For

0 x 6

+ c a Fy = 0; V = 0 c + a M = 0; M = 0

For

## 8 16 m 6 x 6 m 3 3 + c a Fy = 0; V = 0 c + a M = 0; M = 500 N # m Ans. Ans.

For

16 m 6 x 8m 3 + c a Fy = 0; V = 0 c + a M = 0; M = 0 Ans. Ans.

429.

A B 2m 3m

1.5 kN/m

## Support Reactions: a + a MA = 0; Cx(3) - 1.5(2.5) = 0 Cx = 1.25 kN + c a Fy = 0; Ay - 1.5 + 1.25 = 0 Ay = 0.250 kN

Shear and Moment Functions: For 0 x < 2 m [FBD (a)], + c a Fy = 0; 0.250 - V = 0 V = 0.250 kN a + a M = 0; M - 0.250x = 0 M = (0.250x) kN # m Ans. Ans.

For 2 m < x 3 m [FBD (b)]. + c a Fy = 0; 0.25 - 1.5(x - 2) - V = 0 V = (3.25 - 1.50x) kN a + a M = 0; - 0.25x + 1.5(x + 2) a x-2 b + M = 0 2 Ans. Ans.

## M = ( - 0.750x2 + 3.25x - 3.00) kN # m

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430. Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for the beam.
A

## Support Reactions: a + a MB = 0; 1000(10) - 200 - Ay(20) = 0 Ay = 490 lb

Shear and Moment Functions: For 0 x < 20 ft [FBD (a)]. + c a Fy = 0; 490 - 50x - V = 0 V =

x a + a M = 0; M + 50x a b - 490x = 0 2 M = (490x - 25.0x2) lb # ft For 20 ft < x 30 ft [FBD (b)], + c a Fy = 0; V = 0 a + a M = 0; - 200 - M = 0 M = - 200 lb # ft Ans. Ans. Ans.

E 490 - 50.0x F lb

Ans.

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431.

A L 2 L

w C

## Support Reactions: From FBD(a), a + a MA = 0; Cy(L) + c a Fy = 0; Ay + wL 3L a b = 0 2 4 Cy = 3wL 8 wL 8

3wL wL - a b = 0 8 2

Ay =

## L [FBD (b)], 2 Ans. Ans.

a + a M = 0; M -

wL wL (x) = 0 M = (x) 8 8

For

L < x L [FBD (c)], 2 3wL + c a Fy = 0; V + - w(L - x) = 0 8 w V = (5L - 8x) 8 3wL L - x (L - x) - w(L - x) a b - M = 0 8 2 M = w ( - L2 + 5Lx - 4x2) 8 Ans.

a + a MB = 0;

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*432. beam.

A 150 lb ft

a + a MA = 0;

## - 5000(10) - 150 + By (20) = 0 By = 2500 lb

+ : a Fx = 0; Ax = 0 + c a Fy = 0; Ay = 5000 + 2500 = 0 Ay = 2500 lb For 0 x 20 ft + c a Fy = 0; 2500 - 250x - V = 0 V = 250(10 - x) a + a M = 0; x - 2500(x) + 150 + 250x a b + M = 0 2 M = 25(100x - 5x2 - 6) Ans. Ans.

433.

## Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.

40 kN/m

20 kN

0 x < 8
8m

B 3m 150 kNm

+ c a Fy = 0; 133.75 - 40x - V = 0 V = 133.75 - 40x x a + a M = 0; M + 40x a b - 133.75x = 0 2 M = 133.75x - 20x2 8 < x 11 + c a Fy = 0; V - 20 = 0 V = 20 c + a M = 0; M + 20(11 - x) + 150 = 0 M = 20x - 370 Ans. Ans. Ans. Ans.

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434.

200 lb/ ft

C A x 4 ft

G B

4 ft

4 ft

4 ft

Ans. Ans.

435.

1200 lb ft A

200 lb/ ft

30 ft 800 lb

## Vmax = - 3.80 k Mmax = - 55.2 k # ft

Ans. Ans.

107

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*436. Draw the shear and moment diagrams of the beam. Assume the support at B is a pin and A is a roller.

4 ft

16 ft

## Vmax = 850 lb Mmax = - 2.81 K # ft

Ans. Ans.

437. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam. Assume the support at B is a pin.

8 kN/ m

A 1.5 m 6m

## Vmax = 24.5 kN Mmax = 34.5 kN # m

Ans. Ans.

108

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438. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each of the three members of the frame. Assume the frame is pin connected at A, C, and D and there is fixed joint at B.
B

50 kN 1.5 m 2m

40 kN 1.5 m C 15 kN/ m

4m 6m A

109

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439. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume the support at A is a pin and D is a roller.

0.8 k/ft B C

0.6 k/ft 16 ft

20 ft

## Vmax = - 11.8 k Mmax = - 87.6 k # ft

Ans. Ans.

110

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*440. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume A is a rocker, and D is pinned.
B

2 k/ ft

4k

C 3k

8 ft

4 ft

15 ft

111

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441. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume the frame is pin connected at B, C, and D and A is fixed.
0.8 k/ft

3k 8 ft

6k 8 ft

6k 8 ft

3k

15 ft

442. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume A is fixed, the joint at B is a pin, and support C is a roller.

20 k
3 4 5

0.5 k/ft B C

8 ft

## Vmax = 20.0 k Mmax = - 144 k # ft

Ans. Ans.

A 6 ft 6 ft

112

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443. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume the frame is pin connected at A, and C is a roller.
15 k 4 ft 10 k 4 ft

4 k/ft B C

A 10 ft

*444. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume the frame is roller supported at A and pin supported at C.

1.5 k/ ft A 10 ft 6 ft B

2k

6 ft C

113

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445. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. The members are pin connected at A, B, and C.
A

15 kN 2m

10 kN 2m

2m

6m

45

4 kN/ m C

Support Reactions: a + a MA = 0; - 15(2) - 10(4) + By (6) = 0 By = 11.667 kN + c a Fy = 0; Ay - 25 + 11.667 = 0 Ay = 13.3 kN a + a Mc = 0; 12(2) - By (6) = 0 By = 4 kN +Q a Fy = 0; 4 - 12 + Cy = 0 Cy = 8 kN

114

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446. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame.

5 kN

10 kN

5 kN

B 4m

2 kN/m

D 3m 2m 2m 3m

## a + a MD = 0; 10(2.5) + 5(3) + 10(5) + 5(7) - Ay(10) = 0 Ay = 12.5 kN + : a Fx = 0; 4 - 10 a b + Dx = 0 5 Dx = 8 kN

3 + c a Fy = 0; 12.5 - 5 - 10 - 5 - 10 a b + Dy = 0 5 Dy = 13.5 kN

115

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447. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume the joint at A is a pin and support C is a roller. The joint at B is fixed. The wind load is transferred to the members at the girts and purlins from the simply supported wall and roof segments.

300 lb/ ft

3.5 ft 3.5 ft

30 500 lb/ ft B 7 ft

Support Reactions: a + a MA = 0; - 3.5(7) - 1.75(14) - (4.20)(sin 30)(7 cos 30) - 4.20( sin 30)(14 + 3.5) + (21) = 0 Cx = 5.133 kN + : a Fx = 0; 1.75 + 3.5 + 1.75 + 4.20 sin 30 - 5.133 - Ax = 0 Ax = 3.967 kN + c a Fy = 0; Ay - 4.20 cos 30 = 0 Ay = 3.64 kN
A 7 ft

116

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*448. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. The joints at A, B and C are pin connected.
A 6 ft

## 250 lb/ft B 120 lb/ft 6 ft 8 ft 60 C

6k

449. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each of the three members of the frame. Assume the frame is pin connected at B, C and D and A is fixed.

3k 8 ft 8 ft

8 ft 0.8 k/ ft B

15 ft

117

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450. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. The beam is cantilevered from A.

600 lb

600 lb

600 lb

A 3 ft 3 ft 3 ft

1200 lbft

118

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451. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition.

80 lb/ft

12 ft

12 ft

600 lb

*4-52. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. Consider the beam to be cantilevered from end A.

## 250 lb/ ft 150 lb ft 150 lb ft

A 20 ft

119

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453. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. Consider the beam to be simply supported at A and B as shown.

## 250 lb/ ft 150 lb ft 150 lb ft

A 20 ft

454. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. Consider the beam to be cantilevered from the pin support at A.
A

4 kN/ m 80 kN m

30 kN

C B

8m

4m

120

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454.

Continued

121

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455. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. Consider the beam to be cantilevered from the rocker at B.
A

4 kN/ m 80 kN m

30 kN

C B

8m

4m

122

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*456. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. Consider the beam to be cantilevered from end C.
A

4 kN/ m 80 kN m

30 kN

C B

8m

4m

123

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457. Draw the moment diagrams for the beam using the method of superposition. Consider the beam to be simply supported at A and B as shown.

124