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. 5th, 2005 Illuminati Conspiracy P art Two: Sniffing out Jesuits A Metaprogrammer at the Door of Chapel Perilous In the literature that concerns the Illuminati relentless speculation abounds. N o other secret society in recent history - with the exception of Freemasonry - h as generated as much legend, hysteria, and disinformation. I first became aware of the the Illuminati about 14 years ago. Shortly thereafter I read a book, writ ten by Robert Anton Wilson, called Cosmic Trigger: Final Secret of the Illuminat i. Wilson published it in 1977 but his opening remarks on the subject still ring true today: Briefly, the background of the Bavarian Illuminati puzzle is this. On May 1, 1776, in Bavaria, Dr. Adam Weishaupt, a professor of Canon Law at Ingo lstadt University and a former Jesuit, formed a secret society called the Order of the Illuminati within the existing Masonic lodges of Germany. Since Masonry i s itself a secret society, the Illuminati was a secret society within a secret s ociety, a mystery inside a mystery, so to say. In 1785 the Illuminati were suppr essed by the Bavarian government for allegedly plotting to overthrow all the kin gs in Europe and the Pope to boot. This much is generally agreed upon by all his torians. 1 Everything else is a matter of heated, and sometimes fetid, controver sy. It has been claimed that Dr. Weishaupt was an atheist, a Cabalistic magician , a rationalist, a mystic; a democrat, a socialist, an anarchist, a fascist; a M achiavellian amoralist, an alchemist, a totalitarian and an "enthusiastic philan thropist." (The last was the verdict of Thomas Jefferson, by the way.) The Illum inati have also been credited with managing the French and American revolutions behind the scenes, taking over the world, being the brains behind Communism, con tinuing underground up to the 1970s, secretly worshipping the Devil, and mopery with intent to gawk. Some claim that Weishaupt didn't even invent the Illuminati , but only revived it. The Order of Illuminati has been traced back to the Knigh ts Templar, to the Greek and Gnostic initiatory cults, to Egypt, even to Atlanti s. The one safe generalization one can make is that Weishaupt's intent to mainta in secrecy has worked; no two students of Illuminology have ever agreed totally about what the "inner secret" or purpose of the Order actually was (or is . . .) . There is endless room for spooky speculation, and for pedantic paranoia, once one really gets into the literature of the subject; and there has been a wave of sensational "ex-poses" of the Illuminati every generation since 1776. If you we re to believe all this sensational literature, the
damned Bavarian conspirators were responsible for everything wrong with the worl d, including the energy crises and the fact that you can't even get a plumber on weekends. (pp. 3-4) That short excerpt is perhaps the most honest and succinct introduction to the Illuminati as you'll ever come across. So it is more than a bit ironic that Wilson, throughout the rest of the text, proceeds to perpetuate and expand upon similar myths, and in the process manages to take it to a whole new level. 2 In the end, the Illuminati had mystified Wilson as much as anyone i n the preceding centuries. Robert Anton Wilson (RAW) is an enigma in his own rig ht: an archetypal Trickster in the tradition of Aleister Crowley or Timothy Lear y, both of whom he greatly admires. 3 The Cosmic Trigger Trilogy is meant to awa ken the reader to multiple mind-blowing streams of thought and completely shatte r preconceived notions of perception, time and space - much as the writings of i lluminists themselves. Herein lies the seed of speculation to the effect that he must surely be in on the conspiracy - some have gone so far as to believe he's the Grand Master (or inner head) of the Illuminati himself. Wilson has always to yed with the accusations, and in typical RAW fashion, he's never denied it outri ght. Cosmic Trigger wasn't the first book Wilson dedicated to the theme, however . Two years earlier, in 1975, RAW and co-author Robert Shea popularized the mode rn wave of Illuminati conspiracies with the publication of the novel Illuminatus ! Trilogy. A veritable cult classic, Illuminatus invigorated the underground mar ket and spawned a whole new generation of conspiracy authors. One cannot read an y of RAW's material without a healthy sense of humor, though, and Illuminatus is definitely no exception. Written between 1969 and 1971 it reads like a subversi ve anarchist manual, yet satirical and surreal at the same time. The cut-and-pas te job of excerpts right into the flow of dialogue - from books and pamphlets on a wide range of conspiracy theories - probably boosted its appeal from the begi nning. Any researcher investigating the Illuminati today would be remiss not to mention RAW especially in a book or document purporting to cover the subject in detail. With the exception of Myron Fagan, "Wild" Bill Cooper, 4 the John Birche rs and Biblical endtimes literature, the formation of the current mythos surroun ding the subject has a lot to do with the popularity of Wilson's books: have you ever seen the Illuminati and the star Sirius mentioned in the same paragraph? B efore plunging headlong into the history of the Bavarian Illuminati, it might be useful to have a look at Wilson's diagram - his interpretation (at the time) of the "occult conspiracy" as it has been transmitted through the ages (Cosmic Tri gger: Final Secret of the Illuminati, p.188): New Promethean Possibilities ªEuropean aristocrats transferred their lighted candles from Christian altars to M asonic lodges. The flame of occult alchemists, which had promised to turn dross into gold, reappeared at the center of new "circles" seeking to recreate a golde n age: Bavarian Illuminists conspiring against the Jesuits, French Philadelphian s against Napoleon, Italian charcoal burners against the Hapsburgs.º - Billington, Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith, p. 6 The Bavarian Illuminati originated during an age replete with the growing belief in the acqu isition of truth through observation and experience. The Age of Enlightenment wa s in full swing and by the end of the Eighteenth Century an explosion of natural philosophy, science, the
resurgence of hermeticism and occult experimentation, all competed directly with the traditional teachings of the Church and the Jesuit monopoly in the Universi ties and Colleges. 5 Numerous ideologies owe an intellectual and political herit age to this period: skepticism, rationalism, atheism, liberalism, humanism, redu ctionism, modernism, communism, nihilism and anarchism among the most apparent. As the Eighteenth Century came to a close Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755), Deni s Diderot (1713-1784), Voltaire (1694-1778), Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794), Comte de Mirabeau (1749- 1791), David Hume (17 11-1776), Adam Smith (17231790), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), Emanuel Swedenborg ( 1688-1772) and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) were famous in their own t ime. The instrument of reason became a new faith, no less susceptible to its own breed of dogmatism. The philosophers of the Enlightenment reasoned that the phy sics of Newton might become applicable in all fields of endeavor: the fundamenta l cosmic laws of nature could transform society and man himself into a "noble sa vage." 6 The idea of a "glorious revolution" attained widespread acceptance, but during Weishaupt's time it was still a relatively new concept to link political change with social change. The "imminent revolution of the human mind," promulg ated by the "radical Bavarian Illuminists," coincided with Mirabeau's doctrine o f a coming secular upheaval and universal revolution. Mirabeau proclaimed Prussi a to be the most likely place for the start of the revolution, with the "German Illuminists as its probable leaders." History records, however, that it was Mira beau himself who became one of the main catalysts to spark the "fire in the mind s of men" during the French Revolution. 7 At about the same time Weishaupt was e mbarking on an academic career two important figures entered the world stage: Th omas Robert Malthus, 8 born in 1766, a major influence on Darwinism, population control and the eugenics movement; four years later we see the birth of Georg Wi lhelm Friedrich Hegel, in Stuttgart Germany, the inventor of what would become k nown as the "Hegelian Dialectic." "For Hegelians," Antony C. Sutton reports, "th e State is almighty and seen as 'the march of God on earth.' Indeed, a State rel igion. Progress in the Hegelian State is through contrived conflict: the clash o f opposites makes for progress. If you can control the opposites, you dominate t he nature of the outcome" (Introduction to the 2002 edition of America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones, no pagination PDF copy). Revolutionary radicals were impressed with the proof-of-concept displayed by the ruthless conspirators in France. Malthusian and Hegelian dogma became eq ually influential for anarchists, communists, the intelligentsia and the new bre ed of revolutionaries that surfaced in the 19th Century: Young Hegelians such as Bakunin, Proudhon and Marx took up the cause in the "spirit of the times" to "d estroy in order to build." The Bavarian Illuminati: The "Insinuating Brothers" of ªWeishaupt . . . proposed as the end of Illuminism the abolition of property, soci al authority, nationality, and the return of the human race to the happy state i n which it formed only a single family without artificial needs, without useless sciences, every father being priest and magistrate. Priest of we know not what religion, for in spite of their frequent invocations of the God of Nature, many indications lead us to conclude that Weishaupt had, like Diderot and d'Holbach, no other God than Nature herself. From his doctrine would naturally follow Germa n ultra-
nations.Henry Martin.Chapter III: The European Ill uminati (332 KB).D. the Catholic Encyclopedia has long had a good.The Enlightenment. Fulop-Miller's The Power and Secret of the Jesuits. when needed. pp.org has an adequate article. a nd. and other internet references.from Nesta Webster's Secret Societies & Subvers ive Movements has been posted. there's a good debugging write-up from the Cent er for Studies on New Religions. Bilderberg. XVI. and just read the internet references cited above. 12 A Chronological Overview In an effort to keep the notes to a minimum and still provide thorough citation. three important chapters from Rabbi Marvin S. Webster's Secret Societies & Subversiv e Movements.º . from New England and the Bavarian Illuminati.. Wikipedia. transitory appearances?º .Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism. Histoire de France depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'en 1789. buying Barruel's M emoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism.Fire In the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Fa ith. 51. Billington. I ha ve taken it a bit further. you would have an excellen t grasp . For the last six months I've engaged in a cr ash course on the Illuminati and related subjects: absorbing and taking notes fr om Proofs of a Conspiracy .on the facts (as we can safely say) concerning the rise and fall of the Bavarian Illuminati. 1918 JB .Adam Weishaupt. 10 A quick perusal on the World Wide Web will sh ow the disparity of opinions and irreconcilable differences about the history of the Illuminati . and religions. of which the physiognomy suggests a foreign origin. over men of all ranks . .Hegelianism and the system of anarchy recently developed in France. Yates' The Rosicrucian E nlightenment. however. to rule without external force. to unite them indissol ubly. an d The Illuminati . Proofs of a Conspiracy Against all the Religi ons and Governments of Europe.org has most of the relevan t parts of John Robison's classic. for those poor Dan Brown fans whose first introduction to the Illuminati was the bestseller Angels & Demons.and the two most important chapters as it concerns the Illuminati . by Augustin Barruel. 1798. and at the same time consulting other works. 533. Freemasonry.. It's getting better though. RealView-Books Classics Reprint. the following abbreviations will be applied: · · · AB . nearly the complete text . Stauffer's New England and the Bavarian Illuminati. Nachtrag von weitern Ori ginalschriften. . If you never buy a single book on the Illuminat i. 2002 edition VS . men distributed over all parts o f the world? .. Billington's Fire In the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith. Ant elman's To Eliminate the Opiate Vol. I. 1.has solid documentation and thorough references for those inc lined to investigate further into primary and secondary source material. in my own personal libr ary. by Vernon L. do you know what secret societies are? What a pl ace they occupy in the great kingdom of the world's events? Do you think they ar e unimportant.Bavarian or otherwise. bu t short. Antelman's To Eliminate the Opiate Vol. And finally.. article. 44. Sta uffer Ph. 1980 . a recent ar ticle published by the American Atheists 11 . by James H. but over the best of men. II.to rule in a secret society? Not only over the lesser or more important of the populace. to breathe one spirit and soul into them. the Gra nd Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon has uploaded part of Vernon L. 9 ªDo you realize sufficiently what it means to rule . Carr's Pawns i n the Game.much greater than your average conspiracy theorist .
[VS] 1776 Ma y 1. history and philosophy. Webster. against the wishes of Ickst att. Weishaupt becomes the first layman to occu py the chair of canon law.The Enlightenment. by Conrad Goeringer TM ." [VS] He studies law. econo mics. Baron Johann Adam Ickstatt (1702-1776). CG] Wh ile growing up Weishaupt was educated by the Jesuits and was "accorded free rang e in the private library of his godfather. Antelman. [VS] 1772 Weishaupt is appoin ted as professor of civil law at the University of Ingolstadt. George.Proofs of a Conspiracy Against all the Religions and Go vernments of Europe. voraciously devouring every book which h e came across. [CE] 1773 Pope Cl ement XIV dissolves the Jesuit Order. CE] Weishaupt marries.Do the Illuminati Really Exist?. 1798 MA . He serves for four years as a tutor and catechist. 1974 CG . 1830) of Westphalian parents [CE] in Ingolstadt Bavaria. curato r of the University of Ingolstadt and a member of the Privy Council. Freemasonry. by Nesta H. [House of Names: Weishaupt Family Crest] 1755 Weishaupt's father. The orig inal name for the Order was uncertain: Perfectibilists and Bees were both consid ered. [VS.Catholic Encyclopedia: Illuminati 1748 February 6. dies. by Trevor W. b y Massimo Introvigne CE . the boy's questioning spirit was deep ly impressed by the brilliant though pretentious works of the French 'philosophe rs' with which the shelves were plentifully stocked. 13 The Order is secret. the Weishaupt family name first appeared in Bade n and was anciently associated with tribal conflicts around the area.A Bavarian Illuminati Primer. by Rabb i Marvin S. by John Robison.The Illuminati and Angels & Demons FAQ . [VS. 1998 JR . but Weishaupt settled on Illuminati - . He is turn ed over to his liberal godfather.To Eliminate The Opiate. A&B Pub lishers Group. Adam Weishaupt is born (d. Fittingly.Secret Societies & Subversive Movements. hierarchical and modeled on the Jesuits. [VS] 1768 Weishaupt graduates from the University of Ingolstadt. the prestigious position had been held by a Jesuit fo r the previous 90 years. and The Illumina ti. [VS] 1775 Weishaupt is promoted to dean of the faculty of law. McKeown MI . politics. 1924. Weishaupt founds the Order of the Illuminati with an original membership of five.· · · · · · · NW .
Prince or Regent 2. therefore in the furth er degrees the Order is called 'Fire Worship' (Feuerdienst). D.the point within a circle. Priest. for all letters which he will receive in future wi ll be dated according to the Persian era." [JB: 95] Weishaupt explains: "The allegory in which the Mysteries and Higher Grades must be clothed is Fire Worship and the whole philosophy of Zoroaster or of the old Parsees 15 who nowadays only remain in India. Minerval (Brethren of Minerva. because of the "image of the sun radiating illumination to oute r circles" [JB: 9495] The Order was. Fellow Craft 3. Rex or King "The Zoroastrian-Manichae an cult of fire was central to the otherwise eclectic symbolism of the Illuminis ts. Master 4. perhaps. Mysteries 1. the Perfectibilists and the Bees .' o r the 'Persian Order' .the Parsees (Parsis) still use the same dating system to this day. Novitiate (Novice) 3. Like most secret societies the basic structure of the Order was divided into cl asses and degrees. Presbyter. therefore. Lesser a. a. the 'Fire Order. Scots Major Illuminatus b. Scots Illuminatus Dirigens (Directory) III.that is. 16 Barruel relates how the Illuminati Novic e in-training "must ¼ learn how to date his letters." [NW: 201] Weishaupt constructed the Illuminati calendar to commemorate the date of the Persian King Yazdegerd III (632 AD) [MI] . Their first month has no less than forty-one days. The year begins with the Illuminees on the first of Pharavardin. which a nswer to the 21st of March. Preparatory Litera ry Essay 2.is also reflecti ve of Weishaupt's fascination with Eleusinian 14 and Pythagorean Mysteries. something magnificent beyond all expectation. 630. Illuminatus Minor II. Symbolic Freemasonry 1. Greater a. Academy of Illuminism) 4.chosen. their calendar was based on Persian rather than classical or Christian model s. and be conversant with the Il luminized Hegira or Calendar. Apprentice 2. or Epopt b. Magus b. no d oubt learning of this early on having access to Ickstatt's considerable library. in the following manner: I. caled [sic] Jezdegert and beginning A. t he following . The Nursery 1. always represented in communicat ions between members as a circle with a dot in the center ☉ This symbolic imagery .
"must remark." [JB: 95] Weishaupt' s contempt for certain esoteric pursuits . In proof o f his assertions he will cite the Gymnosophists in the Indies. and October. By the middle of 1779.' occultism. instead of being called May. but begin by making them over .months. and those of Eleusis and the Pythagorean School in Greece." [AB: 42 2] Ascending the Illuminati hierarchy wasn't so much for the purpose of attainin g wisdom as to be "remade into a totally loyal servant of a universal mission. [VS] July. July. Xavier Zwack. spiritualism. of the ancient mysteries he has nothing but high regard. For all forms of 'theosophy. the mystical imaginings of the Martinistes. Ba ron von Knigge is initiated into the Order.." [JB: 94] In a letter to fellow Illuminist. and is called Asphandar. June. Thirmeh. play at first no p art at all. Dimeh. that there exists doctrines solely transmitted by secret traditions.438) displays the first cipher 18 intr oduced to the Illuminati Novice: A 12 N 13 BCDE FGH I KLM 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 O P Q R S T U WX Y Z 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 The Hieroglyphic cipher used in the higher Scotch Knight degrees is also reprodu ced by Barruel: The Bavarian Illuminati were set up for "political intriguing ra ther than in speculation" [NW: 201]. because they are above the comprehension of common minds. the Illuminati became "much more characteri stic of a militia in action than an order with initiations. [VS] 1780 February 8. at the Lodg e Theodore of Good Counsel. when he will be entrusted with the hierogly phics of the Order. The Insinuators. in Weishaupt's system the phraseology of Judaism. emphasis in original] 17 For the Novice. while in pursuit of potential r ecruits. dated Mar 10 1778. and magic Wei shaupt expresses nothing but contempt. and Benmeh: The mo nth of March only has twenty days. August. "We cannot use people as they are. Merdedmeh. the Cabalistic legend s of Freemasonry. [VS] Knigge was connected to the cou rt of Hesse-Cassel [VS] and a prominent Strict Observance freemason. in Munich. Shaharimeh.." [JB: 94] 1777 Weishaupt is initiated into Freemasonry. Meharmeh: November a nd December are Abenmeh. Weis haupt had said. Weishaupt's wife dies. Weishaupt's "Insinuators" had completely wrestled control of the Lodge and it was regarded as part of the Ord er of the Illuminati. are Adarpahascht. He subseque ntly restructured the Order and recruited many prominent members: "the notion of restricting the field of . September. Chardad. and the Rose-Croix masons are bracketed w ith the Jesuits by the Illuminati as enemies it is necessary to outwit at every turn. which is to serve him unti l initiated into the higher degrees. the letters to his Superior are to be written in cipher: "he must make himself master of that cypher. Consequently no degree of Rose-Croix finds a place in Weishaupt's system." [AB: 429. the Priests of Is is in Egypt.as a "thing-in-itself" was widely kno wn: "." [NW: 200] Weishaupt seems to have shown the mos t disdain towards the occult pursuits of his own time. Adameh: January and February." [AB: 429] Barruel (p. as in all the other Masonic orders of the day which drew their influence from Ea stern or Cabalistic 19 sources.
The Plot Ag ainst Civilization." From this time onwards. from Hol land. Utzschneider along with Grünberger and Cosandey." [VS] By 1784. p. The Duchess was thoroughly alarmed and passed it on to the Du ke. Baron von Knigge resigns from the Ill uminati. Congress of Wilhelmsbad convened. M. I can only tel l you that all this is very much more serious than you think. sa ys his biographer.. under "Wilhelmsbad. who had quit the Order in August 1783. and when questioned on the 'tragic secrets' he had brought back with him. the Illuminati had "between two and three thousand members. Italy. Costa de Beauregard. replied: 'I will not confide them to you. Pr ofessor Joseph Utzschneider. 18. by all accounts. returning from the Congre's de Wilhelmsbad could not conceal his alarm. This first edict seems to have been brought upon by ex-member..º . Just a few m onths later. Duke of Brunswick.'" (Nesta H. Mackey's Revised Encyc lopedia Of Freemasonry. His quarrels with Weishaupt over the direction and management of the Or der had reached a boiling point.recruiting solely to the young was abandoned. France." [VS] 1782 July 16. CE] June 22. and the order of the Illuminati was re presented by the Baron Von Knigge. It is not therefore surprising that the most heterogeneous opinions were expressed. fellow p rofessors with him in the Marianen (Marienburg) Academy 21 and members of the Or der. Congress of" ". he accused him of being "a Jesuit in disguise.Albert G.it was not until th e Congress de Wilhelmsbad that the alliance between Illuminism and Freemasonry w as finally sealed. impossibl e for the monarchy and the Church to escape from it. and now heard for the first time the real designs of the leaders. and Austria. so to speak. there were delegates from Upper and Lower Germany. 20 Grand Master of the Order of S trict Observance . rituals and initiations belonging to the Order. presented the Duchess Maria Anna with an internal Illuminati document.. It was convoked by Ferdinand. for even those men who had been drawn unwittingly into the movement.) 1784 April 20. JR] 1785 . and a membership list. the Comte de Virieu. Knigge was convinced of Weishaupt's Jesuitism. A certain amount of jealousy was apparent from both parties . The conspiracy whi ch is being woven is so well thought out that it will be. The Elector of Bavaria. issues the first edict against secret societies not authorized by the law or the sovereign. Mackey. near the city of Hanau in Hesse-Ca ssel. [VS. World Revolution . One such honest Freemason. Webster. Pr obably the most significant event of the era as far as any official coalition be tween secret society factions: ªAt Wilhelmsbad. Duke Carl Theodor e.. 'the Comte de Virieu could only speak of Freemasonry with horror. in October. On July 1st Knigge signs a formal agreement to return all property.." [VS. and this phase of the propaganda w as widened so as to include men of experience whose wisdom and influence might b e counted upon to assist in attaining the objects of the order. were under oath to reveal nothing.though Weishaupt certainly was a Machiavellian.What passed at this terrible Congress will never be known t o the outside world. and to maintain silence about Illuminati sec rets... Russia. a member of Martiniste Lodge at Lyons. l argely due to Knigge's circle of influence. was held the most important Masonic Congress of the eighteenth century.
shortly after a considerable amount of i mportant documents were concealed or put to the flames. The governors of nations are d espots when they are not directed by us. life. for a religionist (as they call every man who has any religion) will nev er be admitted to the highest degrees. for all that the prejudices of men lead them to call crimes. perjuries. "[Weishaupt] now banished from his country as a traitor to his Prince and to the whole Universe. peacefully at the court of Ernest Lewi s. it "left no room for evasion. Grünberger. treasons. is expressed in the same terms as in III. teacher s. their malefactions should be mad e known. and students who were found out to be members were summarily dismissed. provided they fear. obviously knowing about the approachin g storm. [VS] Thirteen yea rs later Barruel writes. poisonings. Some were even banished from the country. Some members of the Illuminati appeal to Carl Theodore for an appearan ce before him to prove their innocence. [VS] This second ban was more forceful. rebellions. let them hate. "The Illuminees from these first degrees are educated in the following principles: I. II. but thereby have it in their power to keep the traitors in a perpetual dread. and fo rtune. documents. assassinations. in short . who are free men. "One must be more submissive to the Superiors of Illuminism. The welfare of the Order will be a ju stification for calumnies.-Oderint dum metuant. A considerable membershi p was found to be held within the military. "The end sanctifies the means. [VS] September 9. all are to be sacrificed to the Superiors. and he that gives the preferenc e to sovereigns or governors of the people is useless to us. enjoys an asylum. With pleasure they see them commit any treasons or treacherous ac ts. The Patet Exitus. is the principl e of their government. Honor. The offer is rejected. if they every showed any signs of stubbornness. and to be informed of every thing that is going forward by a system of espionage. Utzschneider.February." [A B: 400] Judicial inquiries were held at Ingolstadt. or the doctrine on Suicide. than to the sovereigns or magistrates who govern the people. and is dignified with the title of Honorary Councellor to that Prince. The Supe riors aim at procuring from their inferiors diplomatic acts. officers and soldiers were ordered t o come forward and confess any involvement. and orig inal writings. . [VS] March 2. lest. receives a pension from the public trea sury.-They can have no authority over us. specifically naming the Illuminati and Freemasonry. Duke of Saxe Gotha. "The Illuminee who wishes to rise to the highest degree must be free from all re ligion. "He fled across the border to Regensburg." [VS] Weishaupt had already left his post at the University two weeks earlier. Subsequent government measur es were taken and some members made formal confessions." The government enforcers were giv ing weapons to "wage an effective command. State officials. a nd Cosandey make a joint Juridical Deposition before the Elector: "The object of the first degrees of Illuminism is at once to train their young men." the preceding deposition. The Bavarian Monarch issues the second edict against secret societies. IV. professors. because they not only turn the secrets betrayed to their own advantage. and finally settled at Gotha" under the protection of Illuminati member Duke of Saxe-Gotha.
between Princes an d their subjects. The leading feat ure in the generality of their adepts were irreligion. "In con sequence of our acquaintance with this doctrine of the Illuminees. We saw that the fatal consequence of Illuminism would be. They also boas t that they are in possession of the secret of opening and reclosing letters wit hout the circumstance being perceived. We were not to be deterred by that threat so often repeated. succeeding in . because it sows division and discord between parents and their children. and what means should be emplo yed to effectuate it? Would the Christian Religion be a necessary requisite? Sho uld revolt be employed to accomplish it? &c. has already spread itself in Italy. as it always prefers the welfare of the Order to that of the state. we the Aulic Counsellor Utzschneider and the Pries t Dillis left the Order. and the in terests of its adepts to those of the prophane. "After we had retired from the Order. with the ultimate ends of the Order. and wholly atte nding to the paternal care of his subjects. particularly at Frankfort. though the Illuminees sought to impose upo n us shamefully. We clearly saw that a Prince knowing his own interests. and their incitements to treason. did the same a week after. with their co nduct. Jus Gladii. "The Superiors of Illuminism are to be looked upon as the most perfect and the most enlightened of men. diso bedience to their Prince and to their parents. "The love of one's prince and of one's country are incompatible with views of an immense extent.-The Illuminees meddle as much as possible in state affairs. on the Rhine. The Professor Grünberger. t he minister and his secretaries. which under different names. and the neglect of all useful stu dies. in Austria. because on all important o ccasions it would install partiality on the seats of justice and in the councils . and between the different tribunals and council s. one after the other. the Illuminees calumniated us on all s ides in the most infamous manner." "We are not acquaint ed with the other Invisibles. Experience had convinced us. by assuring us that his Electoral Highness was a member of thei r Order. "They use every possible artifice to get the different post-off ices in all countries entrusted to the care of their adepts only. and also the right of the sword. the father and his children. this Sect. would never countenance a Sect. an d Zaupfer. in Saxony. and whether we were willing to recognize the right of life and de ath as vested in the Order. Their cabal made us fail in every request we p resented.V. their manners. as we have been informed by several of our former Brethr en. and exci te troubles wherever their Order can be benefited by them. tha t they would soon succeed in perverting all the Bavarian youth. "We were also asked. that they are earlier or later admitted to the higher degrees. in which B rethren we should place the most confidence if there were any important plan to be undertaken. and one must glow with ardo ur for the attainment of that end. That no Prince c an save him that betrays us. depravity of morals. or are able to second its views. no doubts are to be e ntertained even of their infallibility. and it is accordi ng to the manner in which they imbibe them and show their devotion to the Order. and being fully convince d of the dangers of the Sect. spre ading through almost every province under the cloak of Free-masonry. and particularly at Venice. Renner. We abandoned. in Holland. who in all probability are chiefs of a higher degr ee. and among the most sincere friends. and even as far as America. the Priest Cosandey. to create a gene ral distrust between the prince and his subjects. "They made us give answers in writing to the following questions: How would it be possible to devise one single system of morals and one common Government for all Europe." "It is in these moral and political pri nciples that the Illuminees are educated in the lower degrees. &c.
" [AB: 684-88. 1786. MA: 51. for the purposes of counterfeiting. and Vollständige Geschichte der Ve rfolgung der Illuminaten in Bayern. A number of books and over two hundred letters. [VS. [VS] August 16. criminal process. the Ba varian government published more secret documents of the Order: Nachtrag von wei tern Originalschriften . clergymen. pri nces. Un der the same penalties of confiscation and banishment. merchants.Weishaupt pens 9 different apologetic pamphlets. membership rosters. the authorities found tables containing the Order's symbols and the Persian calendar. etc. Frankfort and Leipzig. AB: 692-93] In the space of a few months. Any so charged and found guilty were to be deprived of their lives by the sw ord. [VS. Frankfort and Leipzig. TM] The evidence discovered at Zwack's residence was considerable: b esides the secret communications between the Illuminati Adepts. they even carried their calumn ies so far as to pretend that one of us had committed murder." [VS] Illuminati Membership List: Alias. in 1786 . 1786. JR. no matter under what name or circumstances. destroying its contents. regular or irregular.in order to sa ve face . statutes.apparently a strong box that would blow up.1787 Code Name Occupation Circle of Inf luence (Alias) . a eulogy of atheism and a copy of a manuscript e ntitled Better Than Horus. ceremonies of initiation and im prints of the Order's insignia. that unless he could contrive to regain its protection. or quality. "an infernal machine" for the safeguarding of secret papers . the members of the order. The third and final edict against the Order is put into effect by the Duke of Bavaria. poisonous gas and secret ink. Residence and Associates Partial List of Known Illuminati: 1776 . nobles. i nstructions for the making of the poison Aqua Toffana. dignity. The documents were published by th e Bavarian government under the title Einige Originalschriften des Illuminaten O rdens. state. were confiscated. emphasis in original] 1786 On October 11 police search Xavier Zwack's re sidence in Landshut. 22 s everal hundred impressions of Government seals (with a list of their owners. while those thus recruited were to have their goods confiscated and themsel ves to be condemned to perpetual banishment from the territories of the duke. The former edicts were reempha sized "and in addition. NW: 228. instructions for recruiters. a proposal for a branch of Illuminism for woman. and receipts for procuri ng abortion and a formula for making a tea to induce the procedure. he would never succeed in any of his demands. without distinction of person. After a year's per secution. to give maximum force to the sovereign's will. t hat from experience he must have learned that he was every where persecuted by t he Order. they should g ather. was ordered against any Illuminatus who should be discovered continuing the work of recruiti ng. were forbidden to assemble as lodges.). between Wei shaupt and the Areopagites. an Illuminee came to represent to the Aulic Counsellor Utzschneider. Occupation... most notably: Apologi e der Illuminaten. [VS] 1787 As a result of further police searches of Baron Bassus' castle at Sandersdorf. and that he could still regain admission.rendering us hateful and odious to our superiors.
Here are some extracts ta ken from Massimo Lardi. In 1767 he became Patro n [Podestà] of Poschiavo. in 1742. Karl Bassus. Jo hann Simon Munich. Thomas Maria De (17421815) Pythagoras Abderites Celsus Professor of philosophy in Stuttgart. under the power of Grigioni). (1747-1797) Baierhamm er. e. who founded the Order of t he Bavarian Illuminati. He studied jurisprudence at the Unive rsity of Ingolstadt. with . the feuds of Sandersdorf. Luca Bianchini an d Anna Trombetta. Jacob Friedrich von (1751-1829) Baader. Munich. general Friedrich Schiller 23 superintende nt in Urach and Reutlingen Professor. on the 1 May 1776. Alois Banffy. He married Cecilia Domenica Massella. like the pseudonym suggests.Abel. Austria and Northern Italy I was lucky enough to find a small write-up on Bassus. De Bassu s became Podestà of Traona in 1781 and inherited in that period the goods of the G erman family branch. Court adviser. Mendorf. Ferdinand M. Harlan den and Dachenstein. July 2000: "The baron Thomas Maria Freiherr De Bassus wa s born in Poschiavo. was his schoolmate. kn own today as the Albrici Hotel. Switzerland. t o spread Illuminism beyond the Alps. he inherited the palace of piazza del Borgo in Poschiavo. and published in Gri gionitaliani Notebooks. De Bassus acquired a printing company that. De Bassus had the assignment. Count des Barres. Italianopera correspondent from Coira. After he had engaged the position of legal Assista nt in Tirano (in the province of Sondrio. from a family of notaries. 24 Switzerland. "Entering the Order of the Bavarian Illuminati with the cod e name of Hannibal. in addition to his wealthy possessions in Valtel lina and in Val di Poschiavo. Physician to the Electress Dowager Zoroaster. Weishaupt. At the premature d eath of his father. then Monastery judge in Diessen Confucius Governor of Transylvania Ar chelaus Major in the French service Hannibal Baron. Eggersberg. printer Mayr. De Bassus practic ed for a year as an Adviser of court to Münich in Bavaria. g. Italianopera correspondents from Sondrio. Weishaupt (code name Spartacus). a task already taken from his father Giovanni Maria. above all in the Three Leagues (Swiss) and in the north of Italy.
3:233. and it was probably through the latter that Goet he was "insinuated" into the Illuminati . by itself. Johann Rabbi Marvin S. was famous. composer. the principal Counsellors of Government. Babeuf and. is enough to support the theo ry for a real Illuminati influence on the French Revolution. 259.96). Antelman declares that Bode was the Joachim tutor o f Mendelssohn's wife [MA: 76]. 1793) Goethe was anot her one of Bode's good friends. 33. Illuminism and. 458. 39. Moses Mendelssohn's wife tutor Bleibtreu. in his travels to Italy. 160.he was certainly one of " Goethe's bes t Masonic advisers. Social Circle of.which." Later. written by Gaetano Grassi from Milan. became the center of the diffusion of Weishaupt's ideas from Poschiavo. 73. Goethe. 12.236. 35-38. and on other gr oups and figures of the time. He was a gr eat recruiter for the Order. translator. German culture and. 484). 307. Pythago rean influence on. 42-44. The edition of De Bassus (178 2) of the first Italian translation of the Werther of Goethe. 99. initiating "the President. 100-3. journalism of. [AB: 605] Bleibtreu. Wei mar. 67.the help of the Illuminatus typographer Joseph Ambrosioni. 60. 56. 35-44. the Vice-Preside nt. is fleshed out masterfully by Billington (Bonnevil le. 25. Franz Aristoteles Xaver (1758-1850) A former Benedictine monk who left the monastery to . music Gotthold Ephraim Les sing -> teacher. Karl Busius Counsellor of the Chamber at Neuwied Counsellor of the Chamber at Neuwied 25 Privy Counselor. Nicholas. 96-97. 83-86 3:234. 76. 60-62. he sends back word of having initiated "his Exc ellency the Count W¼" in Milan. during his "first of two v isits to Paris (June of 1787)" . and the Grand Master of the Posts.240. very likely true since Bode was good Christoph (1 730friends with Mendelssohn's publishing partner. The importance of B onneville on the ideas and progression of the French Revolution. 72." In 1787. publisher. 11 2. 84-85. Nicholas Bonneville. was the "decisive cha nnel of Illuminist influence" on Nicholas Bonneville. police searches of the Baron's castle turned up incriminating evidence against himself and the Illuminati. 10 3." Bode. In letters to Weishaupt he boasted of his conquests at Bozen (in the south of Austria). musician. according to Billington (p. Lessing. Bronner. Leopold Alberoni Amelius Bode.
Georg Baron von dem Bayard Gov ernor of Galicia from 1780 to 1794 Hanoverian LieutenantGeneral Treasurer at Eic hstatt. State Vice Chancello r and Foreign Minister 27 Austrian Vice Chancellor. Marquis Const. Austrian Envoy to St." 30 In exchange for these newfound liberties the Jews had to pay him 440. Schiller. Karl Theodor. Court Chancellor. Kaunitz in t he office of Court Chancellor and Vice Chancellor. In 1811 he enacted a special law "decreeing that all Jews living in Frankfort. 26 German-Swiss writer and professor Brigido. Johann Numa Philipp Graf von Pompilius (1741-1810) Romanus Compe Costan zo. Archbishop of Ljubljana.000 florins. 3 1 financed by Mayer Amschel . Grand Duke of Frankfort. Arch Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire.Mayer Amschel Rothschild. Archbishop. Foreign Minister 28 High Bail iff at Weinberg in the Electorate of Hanover Counselor at Munich Viennese Lodge. should enjoy civil rights and privileges equally with other citizens. Archbishop of Regensburg Archbishop Dalberg was an emancipator of the Jews. Verulam (also on-theMain. The Truthful Harmony. Count Johann Ludwig Arrian von (1753-1809) Cobenzl. 1817) Busche. successor to W.Goethe. von Dalberg.become a teacher. Count Joseph (d. Ivan Michael Cobenzl. Petersburg. Wieland Crescens 29 ) Elector of Mainz. poet and librarian in Switzerland. together with their descendant s. Baron Von (1744-1817) Aristodemes Diomedes Baco v.
(1738-1813) Dorsch. the Library at Munich. no doubt.000 gulden for Dalberg to purchase horses for the French army. and in the I ntroduction to Eckartshausen's The Cloud upon the Sanctuary. duc de Dalb erg). Censor of The Court of Karl Theodor. Anton Pythagoras (1753-1830) de Duffrene (Dufresne)." 33 According to Niall Ferguson. F ranz Maevius Paul Assessor to the Imperial Chamber of Wetzlar Professor of theol ogy in Mainz.com. Dram a. Rothschild assisted him in speculative purch ases of land and Dalberg returned the favor by appointing Mayer Amschel to the e lectoral college of Hanau. writer in Munich: Sciences." [AB: 699] Interestingly. prolific most significantly.posthumously.Rothschild." During the emancipation of the Frankfort Jews. continued th e relationship after his father's death and advanced 250. Per icles Judge at Amberg . Waite Eckartshausen. Mayer Amschel's son. Rothschild h ad also advanced him 80. and Atilius Regulus the Electoral House.or g. A number of Masonic Jews at th e time also petitioned von Karl for the "exclusive right to maintain lodges in t he city.000 gulden "to finance his journey to Paris for the bapt ism of Napoleon's son. Archbishop Dalberg was a Priest for twenty-nine years and a Bishop for twenty -eight. Politics. 34 This Illuminated Prince had a spectac ular career in the Roman Catholic church. According to the Catholic-Hierarchy. 32 at a substantial profit. Anton Ptolemäus Josef (17 58-1819) Lathurus Drexel. 35 Ditfurth. Ecker (Egkher). At the time of his initiation though he had only been "Coadjutor of Ment z. Mayer Amschel was soon acting as Dalbe rg's "court banker. the Golden Dawn 1803) Religion and History. Franz W. also named Amschel. whose cousin had married the on ly daughter of Karl's nephew Emmerich Joseph Dalberg (Emeric Joseph. Magic and Alchemy Major details of Eckartshausen's life can be read at Controverscial. Minos v. A. E. Elector and Duke of Bavaria. Lord Acton (John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton) inhe rited the title of baronet from his grandfather. > Aleister Crowley -> Order of Karl von (1752fine Art. Professor of Moral Theology at the Episcopal Academy in Strassburg 36 Libraran at Munich Commissary at Munich Aulic Advisor and Councilor to Karl Theodor." Afterwards. reader's of his numerous l iterary Keeper of the Archives of works .
philosopher. Johann Marcus Georg Heinrich Aurelius (1740-1821) Aaron Counselo r and Burgomaster at Hanover Professor of philosophy at Göttingen Duke of Brunswic kLüneburg. B. Johann Wolfgang von Abaris (1749-1832) . V. Fronhofer." So it's only a guess as t o his alias. economist. Duke von Brunswick (1721-1792) "Illuminated name" gleaned from Barrue l. (Prince F erdinand von Brunswig). Duke of Saxe Gotha." [AB: 400] 37 Falcke. Robert Clifford) calls him "Ernest Lewis. p. Ludwig (17461800) Raimundus Lullus Professor and counsellor in Munich Chief advisor to Karl August. Military General.Ludwig Baron von (1757-1826) Quintus Duke of Saxe-Gotha Severus (also House of W ettin Altenburg Ernst II. 1804) Weishaupt's protector in Goth a. but it's a good one. poet. House of Grand Master of Strict Orange. Too numerous to mention painter. Ernst Friedrich Hector Epimenides (17 51-1809) Feder. Barruel (or his English translator.Full title: Ernst I I Ludwig Herzog von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg. novelist. That he was a member of the Order is never in dispute by all sources consulted. and when he promises his protection to the adept who is to Illuminize England. composer. playwright. Frederick the Great. both when he sends for Knigge. scientist. Ludwig Timoleon) Herzog von (1745. F.699: "This adept is only mentioned under the initials P. politician Goethe. his Masonic brethren Observance Freemasonry Ferdinand. Duke of SaxonWe imar. sociologist.
" 39 His scientific investigations impressed future generations as well: "Awed by Goethe's literary fame. with pas sages of wondrous poetry that can be sensed even through the veil of translation . what was alive and active within him was a living substance. throughout his life. As his contemporaries recogni zed." 41 Baigent elaborates: "For J ung. the great d ream of the mundus archetypus (archetypal world). Faust for him.that the alchemist must ultimately be the subject and object of his own experiment. was to remain his most sacred book: "I regard my work on alchemy as a sign of my inner relationshi p to Goethe." Goethe undertook the task to reintegrat e the fragmented hermetic doctrines. a super personal process. Goethe exemplified the premise enunciated by Hermetic magi of the more dist ant past. "¼ behind the encyclopedic scope and breadth of his activities lay essentially the same impetus that had motivated Agrippa and Paracelsus ¼ Goet he was the true heir of the Hermetic magus of the Renaissance. Mich ael Baigent writes. culminating in his seminal work Faust. he was himself a Faust figure.Goethe is one of the most influential literary figures of all-time." 38 Goethe's Faust has put him in the company of Homer. He called it his 'main business.' and his who le life was enacted within the framework of this drama. and Bishop in Partibus . from Paracelsus and Agrippa back to Zosimus and the practitioners of a ncient Alexandria . Dante and Shakespeare. He regarded his F aust as an opus magnum or divinum. Academics praise this work and lecture on the "wide panorama of scenes from the vulgar to the sublime. an experiment by which he himself is transmuted. Goethe not only depicted a Faust figure. Thus. working primarily in solitude and making himself the real subject and object of his alchemical ex periment. dazzled by his reputation as the universal man. in de cades after his death even noted scientists like Ernst Haeckel early praised him as the bold amateur precursor of Darwin." 40 Carl Jung was another intellectual /mystic in awe of Goethe. Goethe's secret was that he was in the grip of that process of arch etypal transformation which has gone on through the centuries. Kasimir Philo of Frhr." 42 Hae ffelin. von (1737Byblos 1827) Vice-President of the Spiri tual Council at Munich. He is often described as the "last Renaissance man. whose fictional depiction of the magus was b ut an adjunct of his own personal Hermetic quest.
Comte de St. Germain. Wei mar. Schleiermacher -> Böckh. theologian August. Immanuel Kant. Frederik V Oldenburg (father in-law). Frederick the Great -> "League of Princes" Mayer Amsc hel Rothschild -> Nathan Mayer Rothschild -> British East India Company. philosopher. there is an entire site devoted to the subject. Goethe. and crucial to uncovering the occu lt roots of various secret societies that appeared. Jakob Marius A nton Hoheneicher. Grand Master of the "Asiatic Brethren" Karl Ludwig von Knebel. Mary Hanover (wife). Max Vespasia n Frhr." which has an unbelievable amount of research on th e subject. King of Denmark. General Superintendent. in the 18th Century. The "Asiatics" link together Hermeticism. Templar Freemasonry. Duk e of Saxe-Weimar -> University of Jena Canon of Munich Counselor and archivist i n Freising Baron. Johann Damasus Gottfried von pontifex (1744-1803) Hertel. call ed the "Authentic Tradition.Herder. Princes s of Denmark. . Rosicrucianism. In fact. Isaak Daniel Itzig -> Moses Mendelssohn Karl. Gnosticism. Hans Heinrich von Eck er und Eckhoffen (Magister Pianco). Franz von Paula Alcibiades (1753-1844) Hornstein. of Munich Grand Duke of SaxeWeimar-Eisenach Prince of the Hess e Royal Family (Prince Karl of Hessen-Kassel). seemingly out of nowhere. Johann Georg Hamann. Hegel. Office of Regent of SchleswigHols tein. von Karl August (1757-1828) Aeschylus Goethe. Ephraim Joseph Hirschfeld. Karl critic. Her der -> University of Jena. Landgraf Aaron von Hessen-Kassel (1744-1836) The Asiatic Brethren is an important subject. poet.
perplexing to most historians ." 44 Maurice the Le arned . St. whic h taught all sorts of advanced arcane studies .while at the same time he contro lled "an extensive hermetic alchemical circle. Karl is away at a Masonic conclave. One particular ancestor is noteworthy. Governor of Schleswig-Holstein and ardent Mason and occultist.Prince Karl of Hesse-Kassel . Marburg. but the death is witnessed by his doctor. 1609) and cl early a practising alchemist. Karl is a direct descenda nt of "Maurice the Learned" of Hesse-Cassel (Landgraf Moritz von Hessen-Kassel. The two families had such a n intimate relationship that there's a strong possibility for the Rothschilds ha ving at least contributed financially to the Bavarian Illuminati . Germain . The former served the Prince in many capac ities. and the two settle in Schleswig." 45 As for the latter. Roths child . After five years. He dies on 27 February 1784.Jewish Cabalistic Frankist/Sabbatian occultism and the Illuminati. Maier was a very important figure and well-connected with many of the leading nobility of Europe and other famous occultists such as Robert Fludd.It is revealing to note the long association of the Hessen-Kassel family to the occult. the Hessen-Kassel Royal Family made a fortune from leasing .Another intrig uing connection is that of the famous occultist and alchemist. where they study chemistry an d distribute herbal remedies to the poor. St-Germain info rms his new friend that he will be a permanent houseguest. bu t finally agrees.if only in Ka rl's name. That our illu minated Prince was the Grand Master of the Asiatic Lodge 43 is significant: it d efinitively ties the two secret societies together. they appear to be the f ulcrum of the most significant major revivals in western occult tradition. 47 Hardly a coincidence.g.' and nicknames him 'Papa'. Urocriterium Chymiatricum. He was also the author of a number of Paracelsia n and iatrochemical texts (e. Maurice had already founded the Collegium Mauritianum in 1599. Karl calls him 'the greatest philosoph er who ever lived. St. the Count catche s pneumonia from his draughty lab. Beginning with Karl's father Friedrich (Friedrich II Landgraf von Hes senKassel). Maier produced an incredible amount of R osicrucian/alchemical treatises and became the court physician to Maurice around 1614.isn't a ll that mysterious in an environment such as existed under his rule. Much more r esearch should be done on the House of Hesse as a whole. 46 Francis Yates also underscores the fact that the town of Cassel is whe re the Rosicrucian Manifestos were first published (1614 and 1615). Karl is reluctant. Maurice procured the services of Rosicrucians and Alchemists such as Johannes Rhenanus and Michael Maier. "working first in his chemical laboratory and towards the end of his life as the Prince's family doctor. Germain: "[Ge rmain] soon makes another interesting acquaintance ." 48 The sudden open appearance of the Rosicrucians and their manifestos . 1572-1632).Prince Karl and the House of Hesse represent the strongest connection ye t between the Rothschild Dynasty and the Illuminati.
who on his father's death in 1785 had inherited the largest pri vate fortune in Europe. caps in the original) From the Jewish Encyclopedia: "Mayer [Amsche l Rothschild] was a general agent and banker. derived mainly from the hire of troops to the British go vernment for the putting down of the Revolution in the United States. WILHELM IX.." (Ibid. by cleve r management of the fund he and his sons made Friedrich's successor. Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel. the Hesse Coat of Arms became a key component: "The Rothschilds were as ked to submit a coat of arms. "17. italic e mphasis mine." (The Rothschilds Part 1) By 1816 af ter the Austrian minister of finance proposed the Rothschilds receive official n obility. Prince William of Hanau. 4) azure." (italic e mphasis mine) From the very beginning the Rothschild patriarch sought to secure favor with the Hesse Royal Family. which read: "M. (Karl's brother)..Hessen-Kassel mercenaries to various monarchies: "Hessen-Kassel contributed 16. was Frankfurt Jew MEYER AMSCHEL ROTHSCHILD. Rothschild.0 00-23. 3) a lion rampant. A. after a letter of flattery to Karl's brother Princ e William. an arm bearing 5 arrows. and traded also in works of art an d curios. one of the wealthiest monarchs of his time.000 men to the Anglo-Prussian army". by appointment court factor to hi s serene highness. which Solomon did: it consisted in quarterly: 1) o r an eagle sable surcharged in dexter by a field gules. Mayer Amschel Rothschild receives permission to nail a gold-letter si gn to his shop. in . In the latter connection he became an agent of William IX. since 1783. In 1769.000 Hessians fought the rebels in the WAR OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE Count Friedrich 'earned' 20 million Thalers." 49 "His banker. 2) gules a leopard passa nt proper.
which were hen ceforth to be the chief enterprises of the house. ( 2) from 1816 to 1818. in each of which Nathan was the guiding spirit: namely . Meanwhile." (Jewish Heraldry. popular philosophy. that Napoleon had made him a member of the Electoral College of Darmstadt in 1810. [VS] He penned works of "romance. House of Hessen-Kassel Baron Knigge was instrumental to the spread of Illuminism. Friedrich (1749Terentius Varro rector at Osnabrueck. (3) on its repurchase. the Landgrave of Hess e-Cassel (William IX) had already fled to Denmark after the battle of Jena in 18 06. knowing that it would be neede d for Wellington's Peninsular campaign. Nicolai. mainly the transmission of bullion from England to the Continent for the use of the British armies and for subventions to the allies. Goethe. the crest a coronet with a lion issuant. Freemason Franz Friedrich Ludwig Freiherr von (1752-1796) Tha les milesius Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.center a shield of gules. He was "a man of cons iderable distinction in his day." Kapfinger.000 worth of gold from the East India Company. the lion to Hess e-Kassel. German Masonic lodges. Ad olph Philo Writer. and (3) from 18 18 to 1848. Georg Secretary to Count Tattenbach Kleucker. and (4) on forwarding it to Portugal. became the catalyst for the beginning of the Rothschild family fortune. and dramatic poetry" [VS] and wrote reviews for N icolai's . Johann Philosopher and theologian. and its early transactions may be d ivided into three stages. The Jewish Encyclopedia informs us that Nathan Rothschild was on such good terms with (Illuminati) Prince Dalberg. author 1827) of occult subjects Knigge. bold emphasis mine) The Hesse-Kassel mercenary bloo d-money. 'bearing' operations on the stock exchange on the loans ne eded for the reconstruction of Europe after Napoleon's downfall. who in 1808 utilized it to purchase £8 00. He made no less than four profits on thi s: (1) on the sale of Wellington's paper. (2) on the sale of the gold to Welling ton. the undertaking of loans and of refunding operations." [VS] He studied law at Göttingen and was subsequ ently attached to the courts of Hesse-Cassel and Weimar. Franz Xaver von Baader Weishaupt. (1) from 1808 to 1815. in turn. [¼] The eagle alluded to Austria. The supporters were a greyhound and a stork. This was the b eginning of the great fortunes of the house. He sent his money "to Nathan in London. the Martinist Order.
" [MI] Kolborn. Weishaup t understood this from the beginning 52 and had created his own mythical genealo gy for the Illuminati.Allgemeine Deutsche Bibliothek. served for 63 years under 4 monarchs. 1809. Banco-. Count Leopold. Weishaupt expre sses his doubt about Kolowrat's conversion to the illuminist ideology. but rather than being o ffended. and revived after a period of decline by St John the Evangelist. and when Knigge joined the Order he immediately asked Wei shaupt for proof. and the Rosicrucians. where the Illuminati were d eclared as having originally been founded by Noah." he says. Joseph Hieronymus Karl Chrysi ppus Freiherr von (1744-1816) KolowratNumenius Krakowsky. Secrets that began in antiquity were more appealing than something only recently devised. 54 In a letter to Zwack. and . ancient descent. Knigge knowing that this was an important part of a secret society's ap peal immediately "proceeded to build one of his own. Nov. Hof-Deputation". 31. magic. The "Knights of Strict Observance" swore allegiance to "unknown superiors" an d claimed direct descent from the Knights Templar and the Rosicrucians. Weishaupt admitted it was only a ruse. 51 The S trict Observance lodges created an occult pedigree to attract recruits with the promise of joining an Order of a continuous. "I must try to cure him of his Theosophica l ideas. 2. He was ver y interested in the subjects of theosophy. joined a lodge of Strict Observance. h igh-ranking state-official and minister." 53 The higher degrees of the Illuminati were reserved for atheistic teachings. Vienna. personal secretary to Illuminati Baron Dalberg Vic e-Chancellor for Austria and Bohemia "Kolowrat-Krakowsky. 1792 First Minister of a newly-established central authority. worrying that he still clings to a traditional view on religion: "Do put Brother Numenius in correspondence with me. Count Leopold von (172 7-1809) Priest. d. 1782 H ighest Chancellor and head of the joint financial and political administration o f the court. 50 He became fascinated with secret societies an d. at the earliest age possible. 1 869 Vice-Chancellor for Austria and Bohemia. 1871 President of the Hofkammer (Co urt Treasury) and Chairman of the "Ministerial-. 17961808 first directing Minister of State. b. alchemy. [VS] Strict Observance freemasonry had been started in Germany by Baron von Hun d. later Bishop. Dec. 1727.
writer. a t the side of Weishaupt in Regensburg. In 1785 Lanz was struck by lightning." Minor detail. was struck by lightning." afterall." [AB: 683] Lanz could very well have been on a mission to carry out "conspiracies into Sels ia. Superintendent at Göttingen and afterward at Hanover Vice chancellor of Bohemia Go vernor of the Prince of Stolberg's children at Neuwied Counsellor in Eidistatt S ecular priest in special Weishaupt service to the diocese (Ger. that is what they did: carry out conspiracies. an apostate priest. Johann Benjamin (1750. 62. Weltpriester) in Erding Lange. what an opportunity this could have provided me to play the peni tent and remorseful hypocrite. a . but this does not appear to be substantiated. an Illuminati courier and apostate priest. take iss ue with the fact that Barruel had called Lanz "an apostate priest. [footnote] See the Apology of the Illuminees. note that Barruel claimed t hat Lanz. and thus gain the confidence of my persecutors." [AB: 505] Koppe. that's the whole p urpose behind the Order! Illuminati apologists. The Brethren. P.1785)." when in fact he was only a "Weltpriester. 1747? Tamerlane 55) Lanz. His mission was already fixed. Franz Georg (b. in their first fright.properly prepare him for our views. The Masons would have you believe the following: "As an example of the myt hology that surrounds the history of the Illuminati. Baron Kröber.Acc acius 1791) Kressel." Barruel says "Among his adepts was one LANZ. because Lanz was in fact an illumin atus. and that by the side of Weishaupt. and Weishaupt was giving him his last instructions. Johann Socrates Jakob (1745? 56 -1785) There's a lot of controversy surrounding this Illuminatus. th us revealing Weishaupt's papers to the authorities. Weishaupt desig ned him as the person to carry his mysteries and conspiracies into Selesia. and killed. Here's Weishaupt's account of the inciden t: "When my late friend Lanz was struck by lightning at my side in the year 1785 in Regensburg. and he is an initiate as Professor Dülmen confirms. had not recourse to their ordin ary means for diverting the papers of the deceased adept from the inspection of the magistrate. Göttingen. w hen a thunder-bolt from Heaven struck the apostate dead. such as the Freemasons. Karl Agis Theology professor. This error was widely reprinted and enlarged on by subsequent anti-masons whose lack of research and disdain for historical accuracy has lead them to confuse Johann Jakob Lanz (d.
"Barruel mistakenly translated "weltpriester". and most likely. 99. This is a minor detail in the history but it demonstrates the lack of accuracy often displayed b y detractors of the Illuminati. 268. 400. 392. 101. Eckert renamed Weishaupt's friend as Lanze and had him struck by lightning while carrying dispatches in Silesia. it is at their site that Professor Dülmen's list i s published. Numa Maximilian Graf Pompiliu s von (1757-1823) graecus Mändl. 89. Weltpriester in Erding [Sokrates] . French Mirabeau. during a secret mission to the court of Prussia in July of 1786.non-Illuminati secular priest in Erding. Joh. but an illuminated alias was given nonetheless. That there were secret documents f ound on his person hasn't been substantiated by any historian. and giving Dülmen's membership list . a court advisor in Eichstätt who was active in the Illuminati under the n ame Tamerlan. Mirabeau had made the acquaintance of . or secular priest." (emphasis mine) "Minor detail" is right! As I s aid. Munich Weishaupt and the whole of the Order ("Ajax" was an original member and the Illu minati's treasurer) Mauvillon. and friend of Weishaupt. Exact entry: "x Lanz. Munich Counsellor of the fiscal authorit y. he was carrying out some nefarious plot on behalf of his master and brethren. Jakob Agesilaus (and Professor in Kassel. he was Illuminati. Baron von Knigge (1743-1794) also Arcesilas) economic philosopher (Phy siokrat) According to Wikipedia." The "x" denotes a "secure" membership and long as sociation. The reason I have published the present document is to be as historically accurate a s possible. a correction on their part is warranted. Ajax Anton von Coun sellor at Munich Court chamber advisor. Jakob. the masons profess the same thing. and subsequently died. Theodor Colbert Massenhausen. all that matters is Lanz WAS Illuminati. Miller cited Eckert but renamed Lanz as Jacob Lang and placed the lightning strike in Ratisbon. a double x (xx) represents an "unsecured" membership . I don't know why the Grand Lodge of Yukon and BC continue to falsely state that Lanz was "a non-illuminati". But he was struck by lightning. with Franz Geo rg Lang. after all. as apostate priest and subsequent writers such as Webster and Miller have repeat ed this error.they're not su re about the candidate yet. Lodron.
Schiller. Baron von Knigge." [NW: 210] Meggenhofen. he writes: "I have now fo und in Cassel the best man. titled A World Restored: Metternich. So with him we have t he whole lodge in our hands. Count von (1759-1838) Münte r. Interestingly. and. on whom I cannot congratulate ourselves enough: he i s Mauvillon.Epictet us 1788) Montgelas. Grand Master of one of the Royal York Lodges. Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace 1812-22. Goethe. his son Count Clemens Metternich fo llowed in Georg Karl von his father's footsteps. Franz Metternich was a diplomat. these he made use of in a great work on Prussia published i n 1788 [De la monarchie prussienne sous Frédéric le Grand].Mauvillon "whom he found possessed of a great number of facts and statistics wit h regard to Prussia. founder. had also struck up a friendship with Mauvillon . perhaps mo st notably for the present study. Captain in the Bavarian service Imperial Ambassador at Coblenz Prince Clemens Metternich (son) -> the Rothschilds and Henry Kissinger Metternich. very famous in his time and one of the principal negotiators of the Congress of Vienna. He has also got from there all their miserable degr ees. Max Edler T iberius von Michl. Friedrich Spinoza 58 (1761-1830) Nicolai. 57 Merz. Maximilian Josef Musaeus Garnerin. Danish Bishop Bookseller and publisher. along with Le ssing and Mendelssohn. of the Bibliothek der schonen Wissenschaften Lessing.to th e benefit of the Illuminati. In a letter to Weishaupt. Johann Friedrich (1700. Mendelssohn. Anton Solon (1753-1813) Mieg. Herder. Berlin." Weishaupt's second-in-c ommand. Christoph Lucian Friedrich (1733181 1) Envoy in Regensburg. Adam Weishaupt himself . church historian and archa eologist. he also became involved with the (1746-1818) Rothschilds. Kant and Fichte. Counte ss von Arco (wife) Bavarian Electorate adviser Theologian in Copenhagen. Burghausen. later Secretary to the Ambassador of the Empire at Copen hagen Ecclesiastic at Freising Counsellor at Heidelberg Bavarian Elector. Henry Kissinger would write hi s PhD thesis in 1957 on the life of Clemens Metternich. Ferdinand Baron Sulla von (1760-1790) Ximenez Regim ents auditor.
Briefe. Midiael von Euclid Röntgen. Interlaken Chancellor of Hungary Counsellor at Munich Lutheran mini ster Johann Herbart -> John Dewey. Friedrich Froebel England Karl Kröber (Agis) makes a revealing report to Areopagites concerning Röntgen: "This week we shall receive a Lutheran minister. for instance. editor of the journal Allgemeine Deutsche Bibliothek Nicolai was the focal point of the German/Prussian Aufklädrung (Enlightenment). Johann Heinrich (1746.(Library of Fine Philosophy) and the periodical. Friedrich Froebel Johann Herbart -> John Dewe y. Ludwig Averroes General and Governor of Ingolstadt Swi ss Educator. the Illuminati would publish many pamphlets. Nicolai was undoubtedly Weishaupt's main source for procuring books and j ournals. die neueste Literatur b etreffend.000 books in forty years. It was "intended to review (and thereby to expose to as large a public as possible) the entire prose production of the tim e ¼" ( The Eighteenth Century German "Trivialroman" As Constructed By Literary His tory And Criticism) Pappenheim. articles and revolut ionary tracts through this most important channel. who by slight of hand has collected nine thousand florins for the community ¼ As soon as . reviewed a st aggering 80. he was largely responsible f or it. Friedrich Lothar Alexander Ferdinand Graf von (1 727-1792) Pestalozzi. To stress the importance of N icolai to the dissemination of ideas during the German Enlightenment it is repor ted that his journal Allgemeine Deutsche Bibliothek.Alfred 1827) Poelffy. along with his partners Lessing and Mendelssohn. an d. Subsequently. and from that acquaintance was likely initiated into the Order himself. Count Riedl.
has promised to second him i n that country for the Order. Adviser to the empress 59 "Sonnenfels was professor of police and cameral sciences in Vienna and together with Justi the major figure in Austrian eighteenth century cameralism._F_O. Kaspar Fabius (17481805) Sauer. Georg Conrad (1754. Law professor at Viennese justice system. I contained a note in the margins stating that the initials refer to Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick. Joseph von (1 733. Handlung und 1817) Finanzwissenschaf t (2 volumes 1765-67) has been used as an official textbook for decades. He must slyly Illuminize the English ¼" [AB: 653] Ab bé Barruel says that his copy of the Original Writings Vol. Joseph pompilius Vienna Unive rsity for II 60 romanus political science. Joseph Hermes (1755-1834) Trismegistus Secretary of the States at Munich Profes sor at Freiburg Chancellor at Ratisbon Court treasurer Munich Merchant at Frankf urt am Main Domherr (canon or "cathedral gentleman") in Eidistatt Vice-President and Treasurer Bavarian Academy of Sciences at Munich Bavarian Academy of Scienc es Bavarian Academy of Sciences Curate in Haching.. uncle of the reigning Duke. Sonnenf els represented 'an improved version of the mercantilist theory. His Grundsätze der Polizey. Agathocles Sigmund Schröckenstein.Attila 1797) Savioli-Corbelli Alexander Graf Br utus von (1742-1811) Schmerber.B. Ru edorfer.. he is an author of excellent tex tbook Grundsätze der Polizei a Abschaffung der Tortur. Friedrich Freih err Mahomet von Seinsheim. in several re spects superior to Justi'" 61 "A son of the Jewish teacher of Hebrew Berlin Lipm ann. His brother František belonge d to the greatest benefactors in the town. The Pr. an outstanding Austrian lawyer and writer. Maximilian Alfred Joseph Graf von (1751-1803) Socher.also was involved in the reform of the penal system and in various philanth ropic activities. Philosopher and theologian Lawyer and writer in Fabius .Numa Vienna. with a multitude of letters of recomme ndation." 62 .peace is made he is to set of for London. Franz Livius/Plinius Xaver (1752-1811) minor Ruef. He held s everal high offices in the Austrian administration and Sonnenfels.
[VS. Swieten. pastor. Karl Raphael Kasimir (17441784) F ounder. William Henry original Mu nich Institute. Ingolstadt Profe ssor. Philipp von (1763. Johann Ambassador at London. patron of music Frederick the Great 63 Counsellor at Munich Thomas John Hussey. JR. code name "Musaeus") and King Maximilian I Joseph ( cousin of Elector Karl Theodor. instruction. Baron Gottfried van (1733-1803) Tropenegro. Adam Spartacus (1748-1830) Werner. secret aries. Utzschneider un d Liebherr). Utzschneider played a major role in the Illuminati's d ownfall. Heidelberg University.Stadion." [AB: 699] Count Johann Martin Stolberg-Ro ssla is an ancestor of the current Royal Houses of Hesse and Mecklenburg-Schweri n. Renner. optical Carl Friedr ich Gauss. Barruel says that along with Stolberg . 1840) Sir John Herschel. Fox Talbot. Rector of Professor and Scientist at the Hayes. Erasmus Mene laus von Will. Friedrich Lothar Joseph Romulus Envoy in Munich baron von (17611811) St adion. and Grünberger. the favorites. Professor at Ingolstadt Counsellor at Munich Professor. Along with Cosand ey. Lyon a nd Charenton Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (grandson) -> Order of the Skull and Bones -> American Revolutionaries for the next two-hundred years . Carl Friedrich Gauss.Remus Count of Stadion182 4) Warthausen Ludovicus Germanicus Maternal uncle to the Prince also of Neuwied Campanella Stolberg-Rossla. entrepreneur. Kent. the whole Court of Neuwied is under Count of (1728. King instrument maker Maximilian I Joseph (cousin of Karl Theodor) Utzschneider. as was hi s Joseph von (1763. Wieblingen University of Strasbourg. Johann Martin. who published the edicts against the Order) were among the notables to visit his world famous optical factory. His correspondence with Hussey and Talbot is well-known. Ernst Coriolanus Leopold Hellanicus Lesbius Minister of public Mozart.the control of the Illumin ati: "and with him may be comprised the whole 1795) court. Bavarian Minister Mo ntgelas (fellow Illuminatus.business for making telescopes (Reichenbach. Sir John Herschel. and council without exception. Haydn and Beethoven. CE] Weishaupt. Anton (1756Agrippa 1827) Wundt.
Darstellung.. At any rate." (America's Secret Establishment. 1977. America's Secret Establishment. along with the accompanying large list of members. section titled " The Hegelian Influence On Hall") Robison and Barruel wrote their paltry lists ba sed upon the available information at the time. the list is f rom the "Illuminati Provincial Report from Utica (i. ple ase let me know . we owe Professor Richard van Dülmen a d ebt of gratitude for making the list a part of the historical record. and Cou nselor of confidant). Simon Cato (also Danaus & Phil.Educational Establishment This member has the distinction of being the grandfath er to the experimental educational psychologist. William Wundt. I imagine the number of titles is much higher now. Timothy Dwight (twelfth President of Yale University) and Andrew Dickson White (First President of Cornell Univers ity). Bar on Franz Xavier von (1755-1843) Zwack. section titled "Memorandum Number Ten: Keeping The Lid On The Pot") The "re volutionary trio" of Bonesmen set off for the University of Berlin to receive po st-graduate degrees while the "Hegelian philosophical ferment" was still in full swing. Prince von Salm. During the 1790s investigations were still continuing and more material has since seen the light of day . by their own account. p. Heidelberg) dated Septem ber 1782. for instance) I credit Sutton for citing Dülmen's w ork: the source for the majority of the members used to compile the present memb ership outline." (See World Government Fronts . (Ibid. PDF. 269) To my utte r astonishment a simple Google search turned up the relevant portions of the boo k. Italy." (Professor Antony Sutton. Aichad An Intimate Look inside the Illuminati By 1787 the Illuminati had enormous tentacles inside every branch of authority i n Bavaria and greater Germany.-Strozzi) Claudius Lawyer.even to America. In 1918 Vernon L.unfort unately most of it still remains in German. PDF.e. If anyone would like to have the Dülmen excerpts professionally translated into English. Judge. Dokumentation (Stuttgart. They had also spread into France. Psycho-social Change Agents. Austria. According to Sutton. Aulic Weishaupt (Cato was his closest Counselor.I will be more than willing to pay for the service. Analyse. Poland a nd England . After finding out Wundt had a grandfather in the Illuminati I lo oked at the basis of Sutton's find: Richard van Dülmen's. Der Geheimbund der Illum inaten. Stauffer wrote tha t there were 96 principle works devoted to the Illuminati. In the third year of operati on Weishaupt boasts to Zwack that they have more than a . Zwack. The sheer size and scope of the conspiracy alarme d the Duke to no end. the Regency Count (Baron) Montgelas Lawye r. Wundt's methods were grafted onto the American Educational Establishment by three Skull and Bone s members: "Daniel Coit Gilman (First President of University of California and First President of Johns Hopkins University). no pagination. published at the site of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon.) This would mark the beginning of the plot to turn the education system into a humanistic "experimental laboratory. no paginat ion.
as it wer e. from thence to the thir ty-two and so downwards. He will probably have shown it to you. that I may have some leisure to digest my speculations. B. of the mo st ardent.very shortly after his initiation in 1780. Livonia (many). Bahrenberg. Mannheim. The same plan may be followed throughout all the degrees. Each one subjects. In two letters. Osnabrueck. and determin e each one's place. he writes: "I have sent to Cato a table (schema) showing how one may methodic ally and without much trouble arrange a great multitude of men in the finest ord er possible. every man has his Aide-Major. It is by such means that orders are to be t ransmitted and political operations carried on. and by the third edict ag ainst the Order the Illuminati were estimated to have between 2000 and 3000 memb ers. he explains: "For the present. . Aixla-Chappelle (2). A. Austria (14)." [AB: 565] I have created a graphic based on the system described by Weishaupt: At the helm of course was Weishaupt. the first of whom holds the helm of the Order. i nto whom I infuse my whole spirit. 541-78. Buchenwerter. by the other to C. a few days late r. Upper Saxony (several). Ancona. disposes. each of these corresponds with two others. [VS] John Robison compiles an interesting statistic concerning the differen t lodges and locations: Munich. Cologne. whom he observes. Switzerland (many). Hannibal. It entail s Weishaupt's instructions to his Regents. Weimar. England (8). as it were. Wa rsaw (2). I can inflame and put in motion thousands of men at once. Provincials and Nati onal Directors." [AB: 575. Eichstatt. emphas is in original] With that explanation we see the seeds of many revolutionary gro ups and the way to operate within cells . Hanover. [AB: 596] Knigge recruits an additional 500 [AB: 649] . by the one to B. Carlsruhe. By this method. Vienna (4). Rome. direct nobody to me but Cortez. I have written a long explanation of it all to Cato. two men whom he sea rches to the bottom. and in the simplest way possible. Bartschied. Dresden (4). Neuwied (2). Bonn (4). Poland (many). pp. America (several). by whose means he immediately acts on all the others. Deuxponts. Alsace (many). Stuttgart (3). In order to maintain complete secrecy he conceived a plan which would have been successfu l had the initiates carried it through without deviation. Holland (many). "The spirit of the first. Magdeburg. Local Superiors. if he has not. Frankfor t. an d so on. Spire.never apprehending the "unknown superi ors" directing them from above. inflames. like recruits. The whole force first issues from the center and then flows back ag ain to it. these to the next sixteen. Franken Dahl." Then to Baader. and drills.thousand initiates. Brunswick. to his own person. of the most profound adept daily and incessantly communicates itself to the two A. C: B B and C C communica te it to the eight following. first to Zwack and then to Baader. Scotland (2). Tu rin. ask for it. Treves (2). Düs seldorf. H ere is the figure (then follows the figure). for every thing depends on that.most ly masons . France. Courland (many). My operations with you shal l be directed by the following table: "Immediately under me I have two adepts. Florence. Calbe. Mentz (2). Hesse (many). [JR] The whole plan for governing the Order is reprinted in Barruel's Memoirs ¼. Worms. The international character is stressed in a letter to the Natio nal Superiors: "In every nation there shall be a National Director associated an d in direct communication with our Fathers. Westphalia (several). Monpeliard. Naples. Anspach. In a word. Ingolstadt. Cassel. the absolute dictator. Heidelberg. that they may hereafter exercise and fire with the whole regim ent. Strasburg (5). Cousel.
he is ordered to write down all his observations. A wh ole covert unit was constructed within the Minerval Academies to publish and dis seminate anti-Jesuit material. Each Novice is giving a notebook with tables. and fortun e. his immediate family and friend s. Spartacus is an apt alias. beginning with Weishaupt's own disdain. by the Illuminati and its superiors. With respect t o the Insinuator. Moreover. AB: 611. second. depending on the age of the initiate. their actions. emphas is in original] The trial period for a Novice could last from one to three years . by the adept himself. he will learn how to judge of those who are proper persons to be received or rejected. and above all he is to "shun the E x-Jesuits like he would the plague. at their own expense. [Ibid. we have entirely cleared the University of Ingolstadt of them. his characteristic or adoptive name. That house is under our inspection. The means of g aining over the one or destroying the other will naturally occur. their passions and p rejudices.Despite the confessions of a few Illuminati. Some are specifically giving this task. on the progress of Illuminism. A "Brother Insi nuator" has as an ultimate goal the job of making new proselytes for the Order. in every town or village. This process begins with himself. and to obtain the expulsion of all those discovered. and all the pupils will be ours. 60 8] They had great success in this endeavour. or entire strangers. every thing relating to them: and the remarks of every day he must enter in his Diary. friends. are friendly or inimical to it. emerge to greatness and power. the laws of the Order decree that each Insinuator is the superior over every new recruit he has brought to the cause. but as a general rule everyone is oblige d and all the brethren are Insinuators with varying success. secrecy was rigidly imposed and obe yed. in a word. From the very beginning. and he will transmit it to his superiors. They even had their own printer in Munich to prod uce new editions. VS] The Illuminati had a particula r rabid hatred towards the Jesuits. and from his littleness. NW." "The Dowager Duchess has modeled her Institute for the Cadets entirely on the p lan prepared by the Order. We'll begin from the Novice d egree to see how this was accomplished." [Zwack. he must vigilant ly observe all persons with whom he becomes acquainted." [AB: 415] From the beginning he is instructed how to judge the character of those he might enlist. he m ust endeavour to discover their strong and their weak side. [AB: 586] Members who are schoolmasters and professors are commissioned to guard aga inst the Jesuits. Insinuators and Scrutators The initiate is expected to recruit as many members as possible." [AB: 416] A twofold advantage is gained from this informat ion: first. B arruel eloquently describes the mutual benefit this scheme has for both parties: "Twice every month he will make a general statement of his observations. his family and associates. and he will carefully insert his reasons for the admiss ion or rejection of those persons in his monthly statements. His undertak ing is to assiduously pry "into every thing that surrounds him. By these means the Order will be informed wh at men. or whom he meets in comp any. five of its members have been well provided for. for . In this manner every Illuminatus "may form to himse lf a petty empire. which is to be kept and maintai ned as a journal. and above all. all its Professor s belong to our Order. without exception of relations. He is the n tasked to write a history of his new patron. Secrecy is instilled from the start as t he Novice receives his new alias. For Weishaupt. interests." [AB." [Ibid. and particularly in Ingolstadt: "Th rough the intrigues of the Brethren the Jesuits have been dismissed from all the Professorships. 416] The In sinuator cannot pursue either Pagans or Jews. enemies. their intimacies. of propaganda opposing the Jesuits.on himself. the initiate is thrust into a culture of total sur veillance . to help him understand the qualit ies and actions that he is to emulate.
Pannonia. forci bly. the Novice fills his journal with every detail." Weishaupt hims elf became very good at psychology and sociological manipulation. Bamberg. Au stria. 455-56] It is also in the Major Illuminatus degree that the candidat e delivers up a sealed history of his life. Swabia. Ingolst adt. He learns that "Bavaria. and exercises on ancient authors and the heroes of antiqui ty will help the Novice in constructing a proper outline of those around him.Goethe. outlines of his acquaintances. watch him particularly on all occasions where he may be tempted not to be what he ought t o be. occupatio n. is denominated Achaia. Frankfort on the Mein becomes Thebes. what impression would it make on h im?" [Ibid. [Ibid. Munich is call ed Athens. Rome. and reason thereo f. Franconia. 449] And one might add. "where they will learn whether he is a hard sleeper. This is then compared with the table s already in the possession of his superiors ." While studying the art of knowing himsel f and others. The "Brethren of Minerva" I will end part one with a description of the class above that of Novice. by taking advantage of his family's "ruling passions" as well." [Ibid. the natal soil of the Order.will examine everything the Novice has wr itten in his journal. Utica." or the "Minerval Schools. The "Scrutators. his countenance." was a natural ex tension of Weishaupt's . Egypt. country and place of residence. his Brother Teacher . gather the facts when the target least expects it. Vienna in Austria.the complete picture drawn up of his person. emphasis in original] To the Illuminati the greatest of all study was the "knowledge of men. they actually go so far as to follow their prey into his bedroom. and whether he talks when dreaming. or unexpectedly awakened from his sleep." in order to answer the questions posed . Inspruck. particularly his father.by this time. and Heidelberg. The all-seeing eye of the Order had become habitual. Amazingly. the books in his libr ary. 65 The discourse to the next degree says it all: "for men may be turned to any thing by him who knows how to take advantage of their rulin g passions. and should he be suddenly. in the Minor Illuminatus degree. was not sufficiently denoted by Ephesus. what he likes to study. secret writings he may possess.and each topic has multiple questions to elici t precise descriptions. And if it coincides with the surveillance conducted he is then admit ted into the deeper mysteries. [A B: 431] All the while he is constantly pressed by his Superiors "to propose thos e whom he may think fit for the Order. The Insinuator . this privileged town was to be decorated with a more mysterious name. the country of their founder. his enemies. The de gree of the "Academy of Illuminism. 597] and a second table is subjoined whi ch is reserved for complete descriptions of his family. 455] In this degree. the s pying is taken to a whole other level. and the profoun d adepts bestowed on it that of Eleusis. [Ibid. Antioch. The candidate is told to scrutinize his i nferiors in the form of questions about his physiognomy. and no objection would be forthcoming. wh ether he is easily or with difficulty awakened. Weishaupt admonishes: "Assiduously observe every Brother entrusted to your care. Later on. Samos. and when another Brother pronounces it he is supposed to reply "Nosce alios" (know others). Carthage. Upon admission to the Major Illuminatus degree the candidate is told of the cod e "Nosce te ipsum" (know thyself). mother and siblings. and Peloponnesus. 64 The Novice is also let in on the secret names applied to towns and regions." [AB: 429. Wurtzburg . his revenue. and Tyrol are denoted by Illyria. his language. ther e are seventeen columns to fill. whether he dreams. protectors and friends." [AB: 448] Weishaupt is seeking to create the perfect spy in each of them. his age. his education . [AB: 456] By this time the adept is well accustom ed to the investigations. [AB: 433] In all. Abaris is particularly appropriate as well. his ga it.
Seneca. What do those rascals do with all those books?" [AB: 441] Each year the Supe riors pose questions to the pupils which they are to answer in the form of disse rtations. Marcus Aurelius. a practice adopted by the Greeks from the worship of Mithr as by the Babylonian Magi. or Confucius.proclivity to initiate young pliable minds to his cause. the art of the scru tator. and directed by a Major Illuminatus."Preface.theft and robbery being encouraged. and Apollo's counterpart is Athene or Minerva. the "Minervals". each pupil is qu estioned on the "books which he has read since the last meeting." [AB: 440] The statutes of the degree state that it "wishes to be considered only as a lear ned society or academy. child sacrifice was also involved in his c ult. and on the labours or services toward the progress of the Order. and third . Thus the owl became an important Illuminat i symbol. L ikewise. The precious volu mes are usually stolen from the courts of Princes. then has a form of life grown old. Nobles and Religious Orders. . and in each one there is an appropriate library. stated: "When philosop hy paints its gray on gray." . and the w hole apartment is to be so disposed. twelve and sometimes fifteen Minervals. the nam e of the Journal of the Hegel Society of North America is the "Owl of Minerva". but only known. from the list of books the candidate has said b elong to him. and to better determine those who had a penchant for the "Mysteries. who undoubtedly would have been a member. Barruel notes the care taken to give all the works the same weight and authority. "with a strong door armed with bolts. It was his wish to esta blish a sort of "academy of literati" to study the ancients. he can "discern those who show a disposition for certain special Doctrines relative to Government or to Religion. and with gray on gray it cannot be rejuvenated." By these means. Dionysus is interchangeable with Apollo. and was adapted to the name of one of their grades. in Weishaupt's words. The Church is preceded by an anti-chamber. the Owl of Minerva first takes fl ight with twilight closing in. Epictetus. Similarly. the President reads chosen passages from the Bible. which are extracted from his possession if found useful. The academy is composed of ten. After the lecture. Hegel. The Illuminati supply the boo ks with money from the brethren. The Illuminat i's calendar is marked holy on the days in which the academy is to meet and they call their meeting place a Church. on the observat ions or discoveries he may have made. always on the full moon. The gathering is held twice a month." and a Pythagorean ideal is most definitely the aim." Philosophy of Right And so. which is to be shut during the time of the meeting." [AB: 441] At the commencem ent of each meeting. The y are called the Brethren of Minerva. Periodically lists are drawn up and the brethren are encouraged to procure them anyway they can: "all these would be of much greater use if they were in our han ds. the dying-god w as known as Dionysus. whose symbol is the owl. David Livingstone f irst proposed a theory to me in the following manner: In Greece. by any means necessary . that it shall be impossible for intruders e ither to see or hear anything that is going forward." [AB: 441] There are multiple academies for the Minervals . [AB: 442-43] An importan t symbol for the "Brethren of Minerva" is of course the owl. These are meant for public consumption and the Illuminati have booksel lers (like Nicolai) who put the works into circulation.
In the Crematio n of Care ceremony. Protected by the shades of night. the tit le of which found its way into Hegel's Philosophy of Right ¼ The engraving on the first issue of Minerva shows the owl of Minerva. but the whole of the school is called the "Brethr en of Minerva." Moreover. they. The Eleusinian mysteries were revered by the Illuminati above all the ancient practices .the superiors of the Brethren of Minerva . solitary and silent. I did not know for sure whether the Mi nerval Degree was meant to allude to Minerva. They call . the Greek Goddess of wisd om among other things. Hegel used it. or reun ited in small numbers." 67 The correlation with the Illuminati seems obvious in hindsight. Hegel and Schelling "were avid readers of a Journal dedicated to th e events in France from a more or less Girondist point of view. Each member of the Academy is called a Minerval. we do beseech the e." 66 Turning to Hegel.and Dionysus is associated with the rites performed at Eleu sis. grant us thy counsel. It does indeed. ritualized at the Bohemian Grove. but at the time David suggested the connection. and the Bohemian Club uses it as well. great symbol of all mortal wisdom. which according to d'Hondt is M asonic but which is also the ancient symbol of Athena. t o Minerva. Owl of Bohemia.Take note of the mention of Dionysus as being directly linked. docile children. The "Bird of Minerva" has been a symbol for the goddess of wisdom (Athena/Minerv a) for thousands of years. through Apollo. we hear the "Priest" inton e: "O thou. they are hi dden in darkness. according to Jacques d'Hondt in H egel Secret. pursue the grand work under the di rection of their Superiors. but seek them not in tumults and storms. Minerva. the discourse for initiation into the Major Illuminatu s degree . the Journal of the Hegel Society of Am erica employs the symbol. taking flight from a basket at the top of a monumental co lumn.makes the case concrete: " Seek faithful co-operators.
Barruel makes this matter-of-fact statement: "Weishaupt had adopted the bir d of night for his emblem.aloud to the children of the world. is sure of findi ng them." [AB: 458. who ha s placed his labours under the protection of the star of night. who pass by in the intoxication of pleasurehow few hearken to them! He alone who has the eye of the bird of Minerva. later in the b ook. 582) . bold emphasis mine] As if this wasn't enough." (p.
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