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ALL goods imported to China must be accompanied with Qualified Certificates, complying GB 18401 for textile products and apparel and the specified product standards. The goods without a Qualified Certificate and proper PASS test report(s) in meeting the requirement of GB 18401 and the specified product standard or with an unsatisfactory test result(s) may be rejected by customs authorities and/or held for further inspection which can lead to delays and extra costs.

The Important Standards for China Market

National General Safety Technical Code For Textile Products GB 18401-2010


GB 18401 is a mandatory standard for apparel industry in China and standardizes general safety technical requirements for textile products, testing methods, rules of inspection, and guide for implementation and supervision. GB 18401 is the most influential mandatory standard regarding textile products in China and other requirements for textile products are subject to this standard. The standard contains the principal requirements, test methods, and test rules for textile products in Chinas market, and it is the basis for Chinas quality guidance and regulation. If products fail to meet the safety requirements they are not allowed to be manufactured, sold or imported into Chinas market. Therefore, the importance of safety testing according to GB 18401 cannot be overlooked. GB 18401-2003 was first published on Nov 27, 2003 and become effective on Jan 1, 2005 as the benchmark for the Chinese government to monitor the quality and safety of the apparel goods. However, GB18401-2003 is fading out and soon be superseded by GB18401-2010. The 2010 has already officially announced by the Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China to replace old standard. GB 18401-2010 was published on Jan 14, 2011 and originally will become effective from Aug 1, 2011 onwards. However, on Jun 14, 2011, Standardization Administration of the Peoples Republic of China announced the extension on transition period of GB 18401-2010. The new effective date will be Aug 1, 2012. After this date, any textile products do not comply with GB 18401-2010 is not allowed to be produced, sold or imported in China. Timeline during the transition period as follows: Until Jul 31, 2011, should base on GB 18401-2003 From Aug 1, 2011 to Jul 31, 2012, both 2003 and 2010 versions are allowed Aug 1, 2012 onwards, must comply with GB 18401-2010

Below are the major changes in GB 18401- 2010 for your easy reference: (i) Major Changes in GB 18401 (2003 vs 2010): Main Change Item
Textile products Main Change Item for infants PH value in category B * Textile products for infants Remark added in Chapter 5.1 Table 1* pH value in category B Azo dyes Remark added in Chapter Out of range products in 5.1 the standard Table 1 Footnote (b)

GB 18401-2003
Age : 24 months GB 18401-2003 Height: 80 cm Age : 24 months 4.0-7.5 Height: 80 cm Not applicable to discolored product in washing 4.0-7.5 23 forbidden Azo dyes i. Not applicable to discolored 10 items product in washing ii. Item 9: decorative hanging cloth, artwork products and small decorative items

GB 18401-2010
Age : 36 months Height : 100 cm 4.0-8.5 i. Not applicable to bleached products like traditional handcrafted products as well as tie dyed or wax printed

ii. Item 9: fabric artwork products. 24 forbidden Azo dyes (added 4-Aminoazobenzene in the list) 13 items (added; sanitary products that are disposal in one time use, umbrellas, footwear, suitcases, backpacks, carpets) Without direct contact with skin should comply with specification of Category C. Not required on drapery fabrics such as curtains Newly added Appendix D

Azo dyes

23 forbidden Azo dyes

Out of range products in the standard

10 items

Colorfastness to Perspiration in Chapter 5.2

Without direct contact with skin should comply with specification of Category C


(ii) Classification of Textiles Products: GB 18401-2010 establishes 3 classes of textile products: Category
A: Products for babies ( 36 months or height 100cm); B: Products with direct skin contact;

Examples of Application
Diapers, underwear, bibs, nightgowns, gloves, socks, outerwear, hats, bedding items Brassieres, belly band, blouses, skirts, trousers, socks, bed sheets, bedspreads, towels, swimwear, hats Outerwear, skirts, trousers, curtains, bedspreads, textile wall fabric

C: Products without direct skin contact;

(iii) Mandatory Tests and Requirements under GB 18401-2010

Areas which the mandatory tests must cover: Formaldehyde Content pH Value Color Fastness to water, perspiration (acid & alkaline), rubbing Color Fastness to saliva on baby products Determination of odor Azo dyes

The related requirements are summarized as below:

Testing Item
Formaldehyde content (mg/kg) pH value

Testing Standard
GB/T 2912.1 GB/T 7573

Category A
20 4.0 - 7.5 3-4 3-4 3-4 4 4

Category B
75 4.0 - 8.5 3 3 3 3 / None Forbidden (< 20)

Category C
300 4.0 - 9.0 3 3 3 3 /

Colorfastness / Class

Water (change or staining in color) Acid perspiration (change or staining in color) Alkaline perspiration (change or staining in color)

GB/T 5713 GB/T 3922 GB/T 3922 GB/T 3920 GB/T 18886 GB 18401, sec. 6.7 GB/T 17592.1

Dry rubbing Saliva (change or staining in color) Determination of Odour Azo dyes (mg/kg)

Remarks: a. For non final products subject to subsequent wet processing, the pH value tolerance extends to 4.5 - 10.5. b. Not applicable for non final products, raw color and bleached products; tie dye, waxed traditional hand colored products. c. 24 restricted aromatic amines in the forbidden lists.


Leather And Fur Limit Of Harmful Matter GB 20400-2006

This is a mandatory standard for Home Use Leather and Fur products. Leather and Fur solely for Industrial Use are excluded from this standard. It focuses on regulating the formaldehyde and azo dyes limited for three different product categories (A, B and C).

(i) Classification of Textiles Products: GB 20400 establishes 3 classes of textile products:

A: Products for babies ( 24 months) B: Products with direct skin contact C: Products without direct skin contact

Examples of Application
Underwear, gloves, socks, outerwear, hats, bedding items Underwear, gloves (without lining), socks, leather mat, close-fitting clothing without lining Leather clothing, trousers, skirts, tapestry, decorations

(ii) Mandatory Tests and Requirements under GB 20400-2006 Areas which the mandatory tests must cover: Formaldehyde Content Azo dyes The related requirements are summarized as below:
Testing Item
Formaldehyde content (mg/kg)

Testing Standard
GB/T 19941

Category A

Category B

Category C
300 (Cut Hair from White Goat 600)

20 Azo dyes (mg/kg)



GB/T 19942

Forbidden (< 30)

Remarks: a. 23 restricted aromatic amines in the forbidden lists.


Instructions For Use Of Products Of Consumer Interest Instructions For Use Of Textiles And Apparel: GB 5296.4-1998

According to GB 5296.4-1998 Instruction for use of products of consumer interest Instructions for use of textiles and apparel, all the Textile Products and Apparel sold in China are required to attach a label indicating the instructions for use. Key content of Instruction for Use (Textile & Apparel): A. Name and address of manufacturer
The legally registered name and address of manufacturer of textiles or apparel should be marked. For imported textiles and apparel, mark the place of origin (country or area), legally registered name & address in China of the agent or importer or dealer with Chinese.

B. Product Name
Product name should express its actual attribute and be easily understood and according to the national or industrial standards whenever possible.

C. Product specification and size designation Permanent Label^

Product specification and size designation should be in accordance with relevant national or industrial requirements. Size designation of the apparel should be in accordance with standard GB/T 1335.11335.3.

D. Component and content of material used (Fiber Content) Permanent Label^

Mark component and content of the material used. Mark the textile fibre according to standard FZ/T 01053.

E. Care Instruction (Washing methods) Permanent Label^

Mark the washing methods with symbols specified in standard GB/T 8685, and also with certain words to easily explain these graphic symbols to the consumers.

F. Product standard code

Mark the code number of national, industry or enterprise standard being tested.

G. Product quality classification

Mark the quality classification based on requirement for relevant product standard.

H. Product quality certificate

Product quality certificate for each product (selling unit) manufactured in the domestic market is a necessity for each product. ^ Permanent Label: A label permanently attached to the product and at appropriate location. Must remain legible during the use life cycle of the product


Textiles Identification Of Fiber Content: FZ/T 01053 2007

Textiles - Identification of fibre content and this standard stipulates the label requirements of fibre content of textiles, marking principles, marking method, tolerance and judgment of consistency of identification, and provides examples of fibre content representation. This standard is applicable to textiles sold in China.

Key requirements (Details please refer to standards):

Each product should be attached fibre content label marking sub-fibre name and content in each group of the products. Each finished product should be attached permanent label of fibre content. For products which are not suitable to attach permanent label or may be affected products usage with permanent label (such as fabric, wool thread, sewing thread and socks, etc.) can use hangtag or other forms of labels. For products sold in boxes or bags and those are not suitable for permanent labels, when each product has same fibre content, fibre content labels can be provided in the form of selling unit.


Product Standards

In addition to the mandatory safety standards (e.g. GB18401), there are specified product standards to be complied. Product Standard implies the quality guarantee claimed on the label; the different textile & apparel product standards for corresponding products are shown as below: Chinese National General Safety Technical Textile and Apparel Test Standards* Product Standard Number
GB/T 2660-2008 GB/T 2662-2008 GB/T 2664-2009 GB/T 2665-2009 GB/T 2666-2009 GB/T 8878-2009 GB/T14272-2002 GB/T 18132-2008 GB/T 22796-2009 GB/T 22797-2009 GB/T 22843-2009 GB/T 22849-2009 GB/T 22853-2009 GB/T 22864-2009 FZ/T 43014-2008 FZ/T 43015-2001 FZ/T 43018-2007

Product Standard Name

Shirts and blouses Cotton wadded clothes Men's suits and coats Women's suits and coats Trousers Cotton knitted underwear Down garments Silk garments Quilt, Quilt cover Sheet Cushion and Pillow Knitted T-shirt Knitted sportswear Towel Silk and filament yarn scarves Silk knitting garments Silk velvet blankets

FZ/T 61005-2006
FZ/T 62010-2003 FZ/T 62017-2009 FZ/T 63005-1993 FZ/T 73001-2008 FZ/T 73002-2006

Matched bedding Towelling gown Blanket Hosiery Knitted caps

Chinese National General Safety Technical Textile and Apparel Test Standards* Product Standard Number
FZ/T 73006-1995 FZ/T 73009-2009 FZ/T 730132004 FZ/T 73017-2008 FZ/T 73018-2002 FZ/T 73020-2004 FZ/T 73022-2004 FZ/T 73025-2006 FZ/T 73026-2006 FZ/T 73029-2009 FZ/T 73030-2009 FZ/T 73032-2009 FZ/T 81001-2007 FZ/T 81003-2003 FZ/T 81004-2003 FZ/T 81006-2007 FZ/T 81007-2003 FZ/T 81008-2004 FZ/T 81009-1994 FZ/T 81010-2009 FZ/T 81012-2006 FZ/T 81014-2008 FZ/T 82002-2006 QB/T 1193-1196-1991 QB/T 1615-2006

Product Standard Name

Acrylic Knitted underwear Cashmere knitting goods Knitted swimming suits Knitted homewear Wool knitting goods Knitted Casual Wear Knitted thermal underwear Knitted garment and adornment for infant Knitted skirt suit Knitted trousers Knitted foot cover Knitted jeanswear Pajamas Childrens clothing and students wear Skirts and skirted suit Jeanswear (Denim Garment) Casual Wear Jackets Manmade fur garment Windbreaker Scarf and shawl Infants wear Woven caps Feather and down products Leather garment

QB/T 2822-2006 Fur garment * The table lists out some common Product Standard Number and Name only, please refer to GB 18401 or China Product Standard for details.

How STR Can Help

With our state-of-the-art laboratories and experienced textile and footwear specialists, STR can help you safeguard your products and comply with various safety and performance standards. STRs apparel and textile testing programs can help demonstrate your products meet the safety, quality and legal requirements that regulators, consumers and the industry demand. With indepth knowledge of the standards impacting textile and apparel performance, construction, composition, and the environment; STRs international, multidisciplinary team of quality assurance and testing personnel can help you evaluate a wide variety of apparel, consumer fabrics, upholstery, and hosiery.


Hong Kong (China)

Ms. Janet Hung Ms. Agnes Yan Tel: (852) 2943 4630 Tel: (852) 2418 8017 E-mail: E-mail: Address: 16/F Tower B, Regent Centre 63 , Wo Yi Hop Road, Kwai Chung, N.T., Hong Kong

Shanghai (China)
Ms. Sandy Cai Ms. Maggie Hu Tel: (86) 021 6855 5209 Tel: (86) 021 6855 6809 E-mail: E-mail: Address: 4/F Annex, Dragon Pearl Plaza 2123 Pudong Avenue, Shanghai

Shenzhen (China)
Mr. Kevin Xiong Ms. Amanda Kong Tel: (86) 0755 2674 3298 Tel: (86) 0755 2674 3742 E-mail: E-mail: Address: 3-4F Qinggyi Supermask Photoelectricity, Building No.8 Langshan 2nd Road, North HighTech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen