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I N T E G R AT E D C O N S T R U C T I O N D E TA I L S & D R A W I N G S

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 1 [ ARC 1523 ] Surayyn Selvan | 0309818


The site for the retreat is located on the mountainous area of Pantai Kerachut, Pulau Pinang. The retreats main concept was to merge the natural and built environment which was done through the use of single glazed UV protected tempered glass encompassed in a 0.1m X 0.1m powdered aluminium frame in most of the wall construction. The southern walls are composed of 0.2m X 0.15m X 0.1m bricks and reinforced concrete columns nished in plaster and render for texture. Supported on the RC columns and two Meranti wood logs, the roof is made out of Cemboard planks and is sloped to the south. Finally, to allow the reection of natural light, the concrete ooring was polished as a nish.

i!

i!

0.08m

"

Suitable for wedging into hard materials such as concrete

0.08m

Drop-in Anchor Roll Swaged


" " Links the rope wire to the anchor Aesthetically appealing

ii!

E1! Tension Adjusting Screw


" Adjusts the tension of the rope

0.1m

Cast In-Situ Concrete Bolt


" Secures the wire balustrade to the concrete staircase

1 X 19 Stainless Steel Wire Rope


" 25mm in diameter " Does not rust " High strength and durability ii!

D1!

Wire Balustrade Concrete Staircase | scale 1:20


0.02m Rendered Finish (Stucco) 0.02m Plaster Finish (Smooth) Spacers Wire Mesh Reinforcement Gauge Membrane Concrete Sub-slab Concrete Floor Slab
" " " Runs from column to column Approx. 0.4m in height and depth The floor slab rests on top of it

Water Proof Layer


" " Prevents moisture from seeping into the roof layer Slope will allow rain water / fallen leaves to flow down with ease

SITE PLAN | scale 1 : 100

Cemboard Roofing
" Moisture resistance offers protection from prolonged exposure to moisture which the forest reserve is high in It is resistant to the effects of termites It has high durability that provides good strength and excellent impact resistance It is non-combustible It has the durability of cement but the workability of wood which eases its construction

D1!

" " " "

a! b! c!

Polished Concrete Finish Ground Beam Steel Reinforcement Bars Reinforced Concrete Columns with Steel Bars

Reinforced Concrete Columns with Steel Bars Water Proof Layer Cemboard Roofing

D2!

SECTION A-A | scale 1 : 100


LEGEND!
a)" Meranti Wood Column!
" 0.4m diameter " Treated to withstand moisture and fungal growth

Reinforced Concrete Pad Footing D2!

Stainless Steel Wire Mesh


" Functions as louvers " Enables cross ventilation to occur " Prevents small animals from entering the opening " Disrupts excess rainfall seepage " Allows for some natural lighting to enter the spaces

b) Single Glazed Tempered Glass!


" UV protected " Coated in a transparent metal layer to reflect any excess heat

D3!

c) Powder coated Aluminium Frame!


" 0.1m X 0.1m ( width X height ) " Does not rust " Requires little to no maintenance

d!

Pad Foundation, RC Column & Floor Section | scale 1:20


The soil condition on the eastern area of Pantai Kerachut, away from the beach, is composed mainly of laterite soil (red soil) and mud. These two soil types depend on moisture for their strength. The higher the moisture content of the soil the less compact it will be and its strength will be greatly reduce. Due to the area being a rainforest, the moisture content is high and therefore the safest and most stable form of foundation would be the pad foundation. This is because the building columns will transfer its load onto the pad footing instead of the soil. Besides that, this type of foundation requires little excavation ensuring little to no damage of the surrounding environment.

E1!

d) Terracotta Clay Bricks!


" 0.2m X 0.15m X 0.1m ( length X width X height ) " V e r y d u r a b l e a n d e x c e l l e n t t h e r m a l performance

Stucco Rendered Wall D3!

Roof Section and Elevation | scale 1:20

SECTION B-B | scale 1 : 100