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12TH ANNUAL MARCUS GARVEY CELEBRATION SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA 9/9/0 KEYNOTE SPEAKER: DR! AMBAKISYE-OKANG DUKU"UMURENYI #DOCTORATE OF PHILOSOPHY-PUBLIC POLICY$ BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA
INTRODUCTION As we assemble here today under the watchful eyes of a Just God and in the Spirit of the Ancestors in commemoration of the Afrikan and Afrikan Diasporan Nationalist Sociopolitical Program as it is embodied in the life, philosophy and policies of the onorable !arcus !osiah Gar"ey, we are only a few days remo"ed from one of the most catastrophic natural disasters to strike the #nited States of America and in particular the southern #nited States$ %n "iewing the emotional, physiological, psychological, and spiritual destruction, as well as the material uphea"al in the de"astated areas one is able to see plainly the necessity of social reconstruction &which is
the rebuilding of a societies infrastructuresocial, political, religious and economic institutions, following some traumatic e"ent, such as a war or natural disaster'$ owe"er, when social reconstruction is mentioned and debated throughout the mainstream, (urocentric )hite controlled media, the emphasis is upon rebuilding the economic infrastructure of a social system that has ser"ed to enrich the few )hites and their Afrikan, Asian and ispanic tokens, at the e*pense of the many in the impo"erished masses$ +urthermore, since this is the #nited States, a country with a long history of racial terrorism perpetrated by persons primarily of (uropean descent, the racist dogma of )hite Supremacy, which ad"ocates the )hite administration and control of the socio-political and socioeconomic positions of power and social domination, is e"er present$ As (l a,, !alik (l-Shaba-- so often stated, America has a political, economic, and social atmosphere &patterns of beha"ior.interaction' that automatically &both consciously and subconsciously' nourishes a racist psychology in its )hite participants$ /his racist psychology manifests itself in an o"ert.blatant or
co"ert.subtle manner$ e noted also that 0$$$ ere in America, the seeds of racism are so deeply rooted in the )hite people collecti"ely, their belief that they are 1superior1 in some way is so deeply rooted, that these things are in the national )hite subconsciousness$ !any )hites are e"en actually unaware of their own racism, until they face some test, and then their racism emerges in one form or another$2 )e oursel"es ha"e often noted from our study of our historical e*perience in )hite dominated countries that the socioeconomic and socio-political atmosphere nourishes the same racist psychology in the Afrikan and Afrikan Diasporan sycophants$ /hese sycophants are indi"iduals who were known during the !aafa, &0/he Great Suffering2 or Period of (nsla"ement 3 4oloni-ing of Afrikan Peoples' as ouse Niggers$ /hey were described by 5rother !alcolm 6 as ouse Negroes and the 4aribbean psychiatrist Dr$ +rant- +anon spoke of them as men and women with 5lack skins, but wearing white masks$ /oday we e"en recogni-e them as )hite 7selected7 not Afrikan elected, public officials, persons who are dyed in the wool patriotic Americans until it is time to recei"e go"ernment funds that are earmarked for so3
called minorities$ )hen the go"ernment grants and special loan programs are presented they transform themsel"es miraculously into Afrikan-Americans$ 8r we see these same sycophants as apolitical entertainers, clowns and buffoons- the athletes, actors, musicians and comedians that remember themsel"es to be Afrikans only when the mirage of assimilation dissipates "iolently beneath the truncheons, tanks, gases and automatic weapons of the Police, who liberally distribute American style ,ustice upon them regardless of name, status or so-called social rank$ /he racist, elitist nature of social reconstruction as presented in the mainstream media to society may be immediately noted in the manner in which the media presented the e"ents that occurred in New 8rleans in the aftermath of the urricane$ /he lethargic response on the part of national go"ernment officials, such as the American President 5ush flying o"er in Air +orce 8ne and sur"eying the damage, then later spending e*tended time in !ississippi is a case in point$ /he Presidential response only reached a state of urgency when so-called acts of 0looting2 began to occur and when 0law and order2 supposedly broke down$ Always ask yourself when you hear that phrase
e"ised (dition as 0spoils or plunder taken by pillaging. plunder. microwa"es. )hites as 0finders2$ %mages were carefully presented so that this would be the perspecti"e that the passi"e. uncritical "iewer of the news would lea"e with$ 5ut now lets take a look at this word loot$ %t is defined by the . etc$ as in war$2 /he word is deri"ed from the Sanskrit term luntati. but that is the perspecti"e of the a"erage mainstream American$ After all the media was replete with images of Afrikan Americans carrying D:D players.0law and order2. /ele"isions. ransack or pillage a city. as in war$ /o despoil. whose law9 And what order9 /he media presentation of these e"ents was a lesson in racial contrasts$ )hite persons were presented as ha"ing 0found2 bread and soda in a local grocery store$ +ew if any media reports were concerned with )hites who were carrying away appliances. house. clothing or weapons$ Does this mean that it didn1t occur9 No.oman 5 . designer shoes and clothes$ +ew if any images were pro"ided which consisted of Afrikan Americans who had 0found2 food$ /he Afrikan Americans were delineated as looters.andom ouse 4ollege Dictionary . which means 0/o steal or take away in the aftermath of war$2 %n Germanic history during the era of the .
a killer$ %t is deri"ed from the indu term thag. inhuman beasts lacking in all understanding of human decency$ Another term used to describe our people in New 8rleans is thug$ Now a thug is defined as a brutal ruffian or an assassin.>?@ 4$($' and for e*tended periods thereafter. a blood thirsty army of uncouth. cattle. to loose destruction and plunder upon those they came into contact with who were not necessarily their enemies$ /he word loot has since this time retained its meaning as an act carried out by an aggressor upon a "anAuished enemy$ %t was seen as the last act of humiliation as it were. a gangster.(mpire &<== 5$4$($ . were known to wreak ha"oc upon a place. which literally means a thief. li"estock and all other "aluables were looted as well as children to ser"e as sla"es and women to ser"e as sla"es and concubines$ !en of fighting age and the elderly were generally put to death$ Booting was "iewed as the action of an unci"ili-ed and barbaric horde. the tribes that became the current nations of )estern (urope. but which was applied specifically to the members of a group 6 . for by taking his most pri-ed possessions which he could no longer protect you crushed his "ery ideal of manhood$ Gold.
nationality. or defaces public or pri"ate property$ /he media also labeled us refugees$ A refugeeF is an e*ile who flees for safetyG a displaced personG a stateless personG a person forced to flee from home or country$ /he %mmigration and Nationality Act of CDE< defines 7refugee asF 7Any person who is outside any country of such person1s nationality or. damages.) -.of professional robbers and murderers acti"e in %ndia from the C@th to the CDth century. + /)0. that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race. is outside any country in which such person last habitually resided.ome$ /hey name came to be used to describe someone who willfully destroys.&+'%-&+3%'4. membership in a particular social 7 . who strangled their "ictims$ )e also find our people in New 8rleans being called "andals$ /he :andals were one of a group of Germanic people o"er running Gaul. religion. %& '() *+. Spain and Northern Afrika in the >th and Eth centuries 4$($ %n >EE 4$($ they sacked . and who is unable or unwilling to return to. and is unable or unwilling to a"ail himself or herself of the protection of.-& (+1%&2 &.
or political opinionH7 /o label us as refugees is ob"iously a +reudian slip$ +or the Ancestors were refugees.group. a stateless peopleG people who were forced to flee from their homes and country in a "ain effort to a"oid ensla"ementG and we today continue to be treated as a stateless peopleG a people persecuted because of race$ )e ha"e spent the better part of our e*istence in the #nited States as an ensla"ed people an then as so-called 7second-class citi-ens7. we would not need 4i"il . displaced persons. to fight for so-called eAual education.ights Act. there is still a need for the :oting .ights Begislation$ 8ur communities are in areas where we are forced to li"e as a result of socioeconomic segregation and !arginali-ation and they are 8 . a term which has no legal standing whatsoe"er$ ere in the year <==E. regardless of socioeconomic standing$ %f we were citi-ens by birth. and eAual access to public accommodations.
ustify in the minds of the passi"e media "iewer the acts of so-called law enforcement officials$ Police barbarity. deliberately or "oluntarily engage in per"erse and barbaric human and property destruction$ All words which . as much a stateless people. a displaced people as are the Iurds of /urkey and %raA. thugs. lawless and chaos lo"ing.occupied by a paramilitary force$ /oday1s police are as highly eAuipped as the standing military of the #nited States$ )e are for all intents and purposes. or so-called brutality is now . "andals.ustifiable and acceptable when the recipient is an Afrikan$ %nstead. thie"es. we ha"e been labeled as killers. "andals or is there another manner in which to "iew the situation9 9 . the /ibetans of 4hinese occupied /ibet or the Palestinians in the Ga-a Strip and )est 5ank of %srael$ )e must be careful when we blindly accept terms used to describe us from the mouths of those who ha"e perpetually shown themsel"es to collecti"ely be against our best interests$ %n calling us looters. persons who intentionally. murders. let us consider the following AuestionF is the only way to "iew the actions of the mass of poor and stranded persons in New 8rleans as the act of thuggish.
and sadistic murderers$ Jou are aware of what is being implied when they put up images of Afrikans with illegal weapons who been imprisoned$ /he implication is that all Afrikans ha"e gunsG they1re all "iolent. possessors of illegal weapons.u"enile detention centers$ /here are daily news stories in the print and electronic media of some crime being committed by so-called Afrikan criminals$ /ele"ision shows. abusers of women. a large proportion of Afrikan men and women in penal institutions or . sports co"erage. commercials. etc$ /his was e"en emphasi-ed in the co"erage of so-called looting in New 8rleans and Jefferson Parish$ %t was reported that in certain areas of Jefferson 10 . and mo"ies present a predominant image of Afrikans as thie"es. pimps and prostitutes./he elite who control the media use the press to set the stage for your acceptance of whate"er actions that they intend to pursue$ Jour reaction to the actions of Afrikans in New 8rleans was programmed by past media co"erage of Afrikan people$ /he media created the image of the Afrikan as a criminal long before what occurred in New 8rleans$ Nightly we are bombarded with statistics of a high Afrikan crime rate. drug sellers and users.
ustifiable and that the people mainly stole guns$ /he people pictured were Afrikan$ So now they ha"e set the stage for the in-discriminant shooting of Afrikans in New 8rleans$ )hy. so through a sophisticated use of media propaganda they shape the public mind to support their actions$ A "ery sly and malicious con-game$ 11 . because thats who they showed you as 0looting2 and the media added that the Afrikans primarily stole guns$ So now they ha"e subtly indicated that the poor in New 8rleans are bent on "iolence and destruction$ So when they later told you that the go"ernment was sending in troops who ha"e orders to shoot to kill. people went into stores and took food and water$ /heir actions were condoned in the most compassionate manner$ Since they had lost e"erything and were without electrical power.Parish. what they were forced to do was understandable$ /hese persons were )hite$ /hen the "ery ne*t scene shifted to New 8rleans and the reporter said that there the looting was un. especially the )hite public on its side$ /hey know that there are some good and bad meaning )hites . why you go along with it and so does the )hite public$ 5ecause you see the go"ernment always wants the public.
which are sustained by a society.Now the real criminal is the society that creates the conditions that produce a person who is forced to resort to such means$ Please. "andals. think for a moment that your model of sanity and normalcy are the most genocidal. which caused the actions$ Now here is something that many will disputeF those were not the actions of ignorant persons only interested in chaos$ Jou see those were all businesses owned by )hites or 5ourgeois Afrikans who ha"e a condescending and contemptable attitude toward the impo"erishedG and when life threatening situations occur they are goneF they ha"e the means to get the hell out of dodge$ /he poor are still there and they are aware of ha"ing been e*ploited$ /hey now at some le"el in their psyche that their condition is not of their 12 . and thugs. and by doing this they took the burden off the society and placed it on the "ictim$ /hey skillfully ignored the conditions which created the person and e"en ignored the cause of those conditions. "iolent rapist the world has e"er seen$ So what you call criminal is actually an imitation of your model of sanityF the (uropean$ /hey called the Afrikans looters. blood thirsty.
obs to en. like good. IF YOU TOOK SOMETHING FROM ANOTHER 13 .own making.)9 '.'-7+04 3+5 980%&2 )&. A. %& A7)0%*+ 8. dumb and blindG and enacting laws which perpetuate the theft$ N-5 5) +.3+1)7)&' +&9 *-3-&%+3%. e"en if they do not "erbali-e it in a way that is considered meaningful to mainstream society$ /hey know that they ha"e been o"er charged for food.oy that American Dream that is presented day in and day out to them in the media$ /heir poor employment prospects hampered by a slanted educational system that ensures their low status$ And their own efforts at self-help. clothes and appliances$ Pre"ented by a silent long standing customary ban from obtaining weapons legally$ Bocked out of recei"ing loans for homes and cars by poor credit or red-liningG unable to get descent . when there is the least cost to themsel"es$ /hey get their reparations in the best way they know how from the persons who ha"e been robbing them deaf.(+1) + *8. enterprising capitalist applying supply and demand logicF they get the goods that mainstream society "alues dearly.7. '(+' YOU :ERE A THEIF.0%6+& /)-/3). con"eniently labeled as illegal$ So when opportunity presents itself.
IF YOU OBTAINED SOMETHING FROM A :HITE :ITHOUT THEIR PERMISSION OR KNO:LEDGE. '(%. the press was used to make the criminal. '(+' '()0) %.'. -. /)0*)%1%&2 '() 5-039 '(+' %. look like the criminal$ So yes there is another way of "iewing this political reality$ T() /0-20+77+'%* ->?)*'%1). '-&%2('. -. '() .%'8+'%-&! A&9 %'. *-&'+%&)9 %& '() /-3%*4 2-+3. % am speaking of all 5lack people who were born on the 14 .822). '() H-&-0+>3) M+0*8. M-. HO:EVER. '(%. /0-20+7 NATIONBUILDING: RECONSTRUCTING AFRIKAN POLITICAL PRAXIS @ ACTION %7/3%). the creators and maintainers of society. 3)*'80)! &5efore % continue % would like to clarify some of the terms that % ha"e used will be using$ )hen % say Afrikan.0%6+&%. the impo"erished. &)5 5+4 -.! T() 1)04 '()7) -. '(+' '()0) %. %. +&-'()0 5+4 -. look like the "ictim and made the "ictim. IT :AS <UST RECOMPENSE FOR THE FRUITS OF YOURS AND ANCESTRAL LABOR: AND :ASN=T CONSIDERED STEALING! So you see.%+( G+01)4 .8>?)*' -.7 +. 1%)5%&2 '() .AFRIKAN PERSON. P+&A.
the onorable !arcus !osiah Gar"ey dedicated his entire life to the socioeconomic and socio-political de"elopment of Afrikan people$ A powerful theorist. !arcus !osiah Gar"ey tra"eled e*tensi"ely 15 .continent or born outside of the continent$ Also when % say Afrikan Diaspora. Jamaica. orator and organi-er !arcus !osiah Gar"ey constructed the largest mass mo"ement e"er of 4ontinental and Diasporan Afrikans$ Acti"e early in his life in Jamaica1s first nationalist mo"ements which pressed for Jamaican independence from 5ritish colonial control. % am speaking of peoples of Afrikan descent who were born outside of the continent$ Jou will hear me say on occasion Afrikans of the 4ontinent and Diaspora or 4ontinental Afrikan and Afrikan Diasporan. so % want us to be clear as to who am % speaking about$' MARCUS MOSIAH GARVEY Now this is a program designed to honor !arcus !osiah Gar"ey and to moti"ate and eAuip us to continue the work that he was in"ol"ed in$ So lets make sure that we are all on the same page in our understanding of this Afrikan great$ 5orn in CKK? in St$ Ann1s 5ay.
where e"er they may be$ %n CDC@ he came to the #nited States at the in"itation of 5ooker /$ )ashington to study )ashington1s program for Afrikan economic de"elopment.throughout 4entral America. and li"ed for a time in 5ritain where he worked with the Sudanese-(gyptian nationalist Duse !ohamed Ali$ /o further his political and economic goals. 8ne Aim.ust after )ashington1s death$ is interest in )ashington1s program stemmed from his analysis that the industrial economic program of )ashington was one cog in the grand plan for Afrikan redemption$ /he other components were a Pan-Afrikan political program designed to free all Afrikans from (uropean domination 16 . in CDC> he organi-ed the #ni"ersal Negro %mpro"ement Association and African 4ommunities Beague$ /he motto of the #N%A 3 A4B was 08ne God. group solidarity. self-reliance and the sociopolitical and socioeconomic independence of all Afrikans. 8ne Destiny$2 /he purpose of the organi-ation was to redeem Afrika from (uropean coloni-ation and to carry out the socioeconomic and socio-political upliftment of the Global Afrikan population$ /he organi-ation emphasi-ed racial pride. but arri"ed .
the onorable !arcus !osiah Gar"ey established a branch of the #N%A 3 A4B in the #nited States$ /he purpose of his foreign tra"els was to study firsthand the conditions and causes of those conditions of Afrikans on the 4ontinent and throughout the Diaspora and to design.0%6+&.%+( G+01)4 . M-.800)*' %& '() A. -.-82(' '0). a proper course of action for Afrikan de"elopment$ /o support the programmatic ob.%* ')&)'.ecti"es of the #N%A 3 A4B Gar"ey established the 5lack Star Bine. implement and e"aluate for further corrections./-0+ '() >+. which was an international shipping companyG he organi-ed international con"entions on Afrikan 4ontinental and Diasporan de"elopment and published a 17 . N+'%-&->8%39%&2 SO AS TO ALLO: ALL AFRIKANS TO ENGAGE KNO:LEDGABLY AND SUCCESSFULLY IN THE SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTION OF THE NATIONS AND COMMUNITIES OF THE AFRIKAN ON THE CONTINENT AND IN THE DIASPORA$ After tra"eling e*tensi"ely in the Americas and (urope. -.and a Pan-Afrikan military apparatus which would support and protect Afrikan political goals from (uropean counterre"olutionary actions$ M+0*8. '() C-&'%&)&' +&9 '() D%+.
!ali. policies and speeches of such Afrikan greats as 5rother !alcolm 6 of the #S assassinated in CD@E. 18 . (urope and Australia$ /he onorable !arcus !osiah Gar"ey. Africa.CKKK 4$($'$ /he tradition of nation-building of which Gar"ey is but a link reaches us today through the programs.CEDC 4$($ ' to the !aroon communities of the Americas &Afrikans who escaped from ensla"ement and founded states' and the founding of the aitian .odney of the 4aribbean assassinated in CDK=.epublic during the !aafa &C>>> 4$($ . was a twentieth century link in the long Afrikan chain which stretches back into antiAuity to the first nation-builders of the earliest ci"ili-ations in the world in 4lassical AfrikaF Iemet and /aNehestu &(gypt and Nubia' beginning in K=== 5$4$($ &some scholars and archaelogists postulate a date before C=. and Songhai. L== 4$($ . the Negro )orld$ No other Afrikan organi-ation on the 4ontinent or in the Diaspora in contemporary times has had the impact of the #N%A 3 A4B$ At it1s height the #N%A 3 A4B had branches throughout North. the 4aribbean. 5rother )alter .E== 5$4$($' and continuing through the 4lassical (mpires and states of )est Afrika &Ghana. South and 4entral America.weekly newspaper.
that rest upon the use of shared assumptions about how the world worksG the information for such images being created by the elite members of any society$ As people interpret e"eryday 19 . Dr$ 4hancellor )illiams.oined the Ancestors' 5ut what e*actly do we mean when we use the term nationbuilding9 NATION-BUILDING :-039-1%)5 Any word. economic and religious aspect of reality is filtered through the lens of what is called a world-"iew$ A world-"iew. thought or social. such as Drusilla ouston. Dr$ John enrik 4larke and Dr$ John G$ Jackson &all who ha"e passed on and . encompasses mental pictures of reality. which is a group as well as an indi"idual phenomenon.!walimu Julius Nyerere former President of the (ast Afrikan nation of /an-ania from CD@> to CDKE and 8sagyefo Dr$ Iwame Nkrumah former Prime !inister of the )est Afrikan nation of Ghana from CDEC to CD@= and then President of Ghana from CD@= to CD@@ and Afrikan American historians and social scientists. political.
e*periences in light of these assumptions. which is the way people relate to one another in daily acti"ities. which shapes the social culture. and how they cooperate together for the percei"ed good of society$ +or our purposes we will focus on two different world"iewsF the Afrocentric or Afrikan-4entered world-"iew and the (urocentric or (uropean4entered world-"iew$ 20 . your conceptuali-ation of what is beautiful and what is "aluable and so forth$ !ultiple world-"iews may coe*ist in a single society$ %n essence. your morals and understanding of what is right and wrong. a world-"iew is a 4ogniti"e 4ulture. they make sense of their li"es and their li"es make sense to other members of the society$ A world-"iew shapes how you "iew yourself. or the mental organi-ation in each indi"idual1s mind of how the world works$ /he common aspects of our indi"idual cogniti"e culture make up the cultural world-"iew of the group.
A.0%6+&-C)&')0)9 :-039-1%)5 /he Afrikan-4entered )orld-"iew is centered around the following assumptionsF C$/he highest "alue of life lies in the interpersonal relationships between men$ <$8ne gains knowledge through symbolic imagery and rhythm$ L$8ne should li"e in harmony with nature$ >$/here is a oneness between humans and nature$ E$/he sur"i"al of the group holds the utmost importance$ @$!en should appropriately utili-e the materials around them$ Appropriately being defined in regards to how the use affects the well being of other members of society$ 21 .
?$Society e*ists. share a common bond. and interdependence are the key "alues to which all should stri"e to achie"e$ C<$All men are considered to be eAual. and be apart of the group$ CL$/he Afrikan-4entered )orld-"iew is a circular or holistic one. thus the indi"idual e*ists$ K$8ne1s self is complementary to others$ D$Spirituality and the indwelling presence of the 4reator hold the most significance in life$ C=$Different aspects of the 4reator are manifested throughout creation$ CC$4ooperation. collecti"e responsibility. in which all e"ents are tied together with one another$ 22 .
between nature and humans$ E$/he sur"i"al of the fittest holds the utmost importance$ @$!en should ha"e an unlimited e*ploitation of the materials around them$ ?$8ne1s self is distinct from others$ 23 . or separateness.E80-*)&'0%* :-039-1%)5 /he (urocentric )orld-"iew is centered around the following beliefsF C$/he highest "alue of life lies in the ob.ect. or in the acAuisition of material possessions$ <$8ne gains knowledge through counting and measuring$ L$8ne should control and dominate nature$ >$/here is a dichotomy.
K$/he indi"idual e*ists. separateness. independence. thus society e*ists$ D$4hange occurs to meet the immediate ob. in which all e"ents are separate and there is no togetherness$ !any people of the world as a result of (uropean ownership and control of national and international institutions of sociali-ation ha"e a (urocentric )orld-"iew$ 24 . and indi"iduals rights are the key "alues to which all should stri"e to achie"e$ C<$All men are considered to be indi"idualistic. impersonal god holds the most significance$ CC$4ompetition.ecti"es. uniAue and different$ CL$/he (urocentric )orld-"iew is a linear one. and is Auite arbitrary$ C=$A distant.
or infrastructure de"elopment to foster )estern oriented social harmony and economic growth with the geographic area ser"ing as an appendage to the global market economy centered in the )estern or )estern 8riented countries of the #nited States. the #nited Iingdom.econstruction following the #$S$ 4i"il )ar from CK@E to CK??G the American in"asion and occupation of aiti from CDCE to CDL> and its continued domination of the aitian nation into CDE@G along with its current nation-building e*ercise there today with the reoccupationG the 25 . Germany. +rance.E80-*)&'0%* N+'%-&-B8%39%&2 +rom the (urocentric )orld-"iew Nation5uilding is a process of constructing or structuring a nation using the power of a state$ /his process aims at the unification of the people or peoples within the proposed geographic area so that the territory becomes and remains politically stable and "iable to )estern economic interests in the long run$ %t in"ol"es the use of propaganda and ma. Japan and increasingly today 4hina$ istorical and current e*amples of )estern nation-building are the American .
!arshall Plan of the CDE=s. actually focuses on pro"iding protection for the )estern directors of the nation-building e*ercise from grass roots or mass le"el re"olutionary "iolence of the occupied people. but to the )estern passi"e media consumers the lack of security is presented as the result of dictatorial. barbaric totalitarian practices of the former leaders of the conAuered nation$ /he security being established howe"er. tyrannical. which actually follows on the heels of the o"erthrow the pre"ious go"ernment. who like any sane person do not wish to ha"e any unin"ited guests in their home$ /he establishment of security is also presented to the western populace as necessary to ameliorate the humanitarian crisis. which sought to rebuild the de"astated nations of )estern (urope following the (uropean peninsular tribal war &))%%'G the #nited States actions in South :ietnam from CDE= to CD?EG and the current #nited States and #nited Iingdom in"asion. what the #$S$ and #$I$ label regime change$ 26 . occupation and rebuilding of %raA$ /he steps in"ol"ed in )estern style nationbuilding begin with the establishment of security$ Pre"ious security ha"ing been destroyed by )estern military and economic "iolence.
largely by men we ha"e ne"er heard of$2 %ncidentally.)estern humanitarianism operates in a peculiar way. for it installs. we think it right and proper that it should be e*tended o"er the world$ Ne"er mind the fact that as (dward 5ernays stated in CD<K 0/he conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organi-ed habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society$ $$$)e are go"erned. our minds are molded. 5ernays is apart 27 . our tastes formed. our ideas suggested. pliant locals as leaders and implements economic policies that continue the pattern of elite benefit at the e*pense of the masses$ /o aid in the a"ersion of a 0humanitarian crisis2 supposedly created by the pre"ious regime a new ci"il administration is constructed$ /his ci"il administration is based on American.)estern style democracy instead of on the cultural practices of the conAuered people$ /he myth of the all powerful franchise &"ote' is passed off onto the masses by their elite and through a strong propaganda campaign by the in"ading forces$ %n the west we know this propaganda campaign as the news from our 0free and independent2 pressG where belie"ing that the American way of life is the best.
as opposed to the fact he is unheard of at those #ni"ersities where men and women are being prepared to be ruled$ After the establishment of the ci"il administration so-called reconstruction begins$ )here efforts are set in motion to de"elop a socio-political and socioeconomic apparatus that will allow hea"y military in"estment by the #nited States to support it1s national interests. money and time$ /hese are considered to be its greatest factors$ %t is held that the larger the occupying force the lower the postwar casualties$ As astute and analytical persons. which are focused on )estern based multinational corporate elite economic concerns$ /okenistic programs are established for the masses based on the )estern indi"idualist myth and Social Darwinism repackaged for modern eyes$ Successful )estern Nation-building is measured in terms of troops.of the reAuired reading for college students at those #ni"ersities where men and women are being prepared to rule the world. we all know that )estern Nation-5uilding is nothing more than a euphemism for colonialism$ +or as we see daily the actions )estern go"ernments and multinational corporations 28 .
employment policy.is to be hungry without possible hope of foodG to be sick without hope of medicineG to be tired and sleepy without a place to lay one1s headG to be naked without the hope of clothingG to be despised and without possibility of comfort$ $$$No one wants to be poor$2 And what causes po"erty9 %s it an indi"idual affliction9 No. and ignorance among the masses and has created a global socioeconomic system that consigns > billion people to short li"es hampered by sAualor. for what sane and ci"ili-ed person would blame the child who is born to 29 .lead to economic genocide. . disease and painful death$ %n the words of the onorable !arcus !osiah Gar"ey 0Po"erty is a hellish state to be in$ %t is no "irtue$ %t is a crime$ /o be poor.ust as wars are the result of elite actions$ /he current socioeconomic and socio-political order that is ad"ocated by )estern Nation-5uilding proponents purposefully breeds in. which in many ways is far more lethal than genocidal warfare$ +or economic genocide kills and maims for generations and strikes through health care policy. is manufactured not by the poor but by the elite. which is a murderous killer.ustice. educational policy and foreign trade policy$ After all po"erty.
a drunkF things that are done to forget the pain of life. a prostitute. marriage. political institutions and economic institutions' and systems of collecti"e relationships &kinship. or to obtain the means for sur"i"alG and then the social system punishes that person for being as they are$ No. myth. ritual' to impro"e the human condition by structuring social organi-ations &social institutions. religion' so as to enhance collecti"e power in the shaping of the world system$ %n the 30 . cognition. art. po"erty is not a necessity it is the result of the current social organi-ation$ A. family.impo"erished parents$ And % use the term impo"erished for people are made poor by social institutions that are designed to meet the needs of the few$ And the impo"erished are educated that their po"erty is the result of personal deficiencies$ /he social system.0%6+&-C)&')0)9 N+'%-&-B8%39%&2 Nation-building from the Afrikan-centered perspecti"e refers to the utili-ation of the resources of culture &language. through its sociali-ation institutions makes a person a cripple and then blames that person for being crippled$ %t makes a person a drug addict.
'() O0%-I0) /here are four steps in the Pathway to the Ori-Ire. -. or Properly Aligned 4onsciousness$ /he Properly Aligned 4onsciousness is a conscience. which is aligned with or attuned to the precepts and commandments of God as taught by the Ancestors$ /o be aligned with God is to be what is known in the Afrikan 4ontinental and Disasporan religious traditions as .Afrikan-centered conte*t nation-building is the essence of !anhood and )omanhood$ %ts focal point is on what some Afrikan Diasporan and 4ontinental Psychologists call the Ori-Ire. /he first is S)3.-C83'%1+'%-&$ /he process of weeding out negati"e thoughts.ighteous$ F-80 S')/. people and acti"ities$ Negati"e 31 . ideas.-EA/3-0+'%-&$ /his is the process of e*amining one1s life and relationships$ /his usually follows an e*perience in which an Afrikan begins to e*amine their function in their community$ Muestions one asks areF Am % the person % want to be9 Am % the person that my community needs9 %n what direction is my life going9 Do % like the direction of my life1s path9 /he second step is S)3.
e"en as the 4reator is Perfect$ /his is the initial process of making one1s total self and reality conduci"e to planting seeds of power.ighteousnessO and %wa Pele NGentle 4haracterO$ ere the concern is to "iew the things of others as if they were your own and to be as concerned for the welfare of others as you are for yourself$ /he four steps of the 8ri-%re are summed up in 32 .-9)1)3-/7)&'$ /he process of planting positi"e seeds of positi"e growth in the mind$ 8ne draws in those things that will mo"e one towards desirable goals$ Studying.attributes encumber mo"ement towards humanenss or what is known in (ast Afrika as unbuntu$ %n the Americas we find it represented in the our musical and religious tradition as being true to self through the ser"ice we render to othersG being perfect in words and deeds. and positi"e thoughts and deeds$ /he third step is S)3. and surrounding oneself with people who are complimentary to ones destiny. praying. prosperity. meditating. are the acti"ities one engages in$ /he fourth step is S)3.-G-1)0&7)&'! /he period marked by one ascribing to the igher Self$ 8ne li"es to uphold the ideals of !AA/ N. participating in reading groups.
the following Afrikan 4ontinental and Disaporan pro"erbsF 0A uman 5eing is uman 5eings$2 0A person is a person because of neighbors$2 0%t is through people that we are people$2 0)e are our relationships$2 0("ery one is the image of his neighbor$2 T)& C+09%&+3 V%0'8). who utili-ed them in their educational curriculum$ Inown today as the /en-4ardinal :irtues they list ten prereAuisites for successful Nation-building$ /hey areF CO 4ontrol of onePs thoughtG <O 4ontrol of onePs actionsG 33 . /he "ery basis of the Afrikan philosophy of nation-building is thousands of years old and was first de"eloped by our Afrikan Ancestors of Iemet.
LO Steadfastness of purposeG >O A personal identification with higher ideals and moral standards$ EO An understanding of onePs mission or purpose in lifeG @O An understanding of ones place in the igher 8rder of lifeG ?O +reedom from resentmentG KO4onfidence in the ability of onePs instructor to teachG DO4onfidence in onePs ability to learnG C=OPsychological and physical preparation for success in all that one does$ 34 .
uplifts and educates us$ )e must maintain the highest standards of Afrikan morality and ethics.0%6+& M+&(--9 As the essence of Afrikan !anhood and )omanhood the 8ri-%re and the /en 4ardinal :irtues define the relationship of Afrikan !anhood and )omanhood to Nation-building$ Seen in this light Afrikan !anhood can only be "iewed in the conte*t of our success or failure to uplift.A. 35 . pro"iding a crystal clear alternati"e to the decadence of western "alues$ )e must hold competence and e*cellence in the highest esteem$ )e must always demand more from oursel"es than others demand of us$ )e must face problems resolutelyG setbacks are a challenge to our intelligence and determination. not an e*cuse to Auit$ )e must ne"er "alue men who talk o"er men who think. liberate and ensure the independence of all Afrikan people$ As !en we must do e"erything in our power to heal the psyches of Afrikan people scarred by hundreds of years of domination and racism$ )e must create an Afrikan society which supports and protects us. educate. nurtures and empowers us.
udge oursel"es against a single standardF do our actions contribute to the independence and well being of Afrikan people9 )e must oppose without reser"ation the use of addicti"e or narcotic drugs by Afrikan people$ /hese drugs are an insidious weapon whose "ictims finance the destruction of their own minds. se*. li"es and communities$ )e must create the economic structures which will gi"e us control of our communities and take us from blind consumption to community production$ /he Afrikan !an must by word and deed support the stability of the Afrikan family$ )e must strengthen the bonds of lo"e between Afrikan men and women. age.udice among oursel"es$ )e must ne"er di"ide Afrikan people on the basis of skin color. national origin or education$ %nstead we must . and be stable.nor men who think o"er men who actG but we must reser"e the highest honor for those men who take thoughtful action$ /here can be no place in the hearts and minds of our people for intolerance or pre. lo"ing and permanent relationships with the Afrikan )omen we choose to make our partners in life$ 36 . nurturing parents to Afrikan children$ Afrikan !en must form supporti"e. religion.
)e must make an emotional and economic commitment to the families for which we are responsible$ /he Afrikan !an must re"ere Afrikan People and Afrikan 4ulture$ As Afrikan !en, we e*ist to protect and defend all that is Afrikan from anyone who seeks to sub"ert, sub,ugate or destroy us$ A.0%6+& :-7+&(--9 +rom the nation-building perspecti"e of the 8ri-%re and the /en 4ardinal :irtues, the Afrikan )oman is the bearer and nurturer of the race, the counselor of the nation, pro"iding leadership, purpose and "ision for her children, and stability for her family$ She is a companion of her mate and peers, and gi"es respect and humility to her elders$ She is honest, recepti"e, lo"ing, compassionate, analytical, self-sacrificing, and supporti"e$ er relationships are e*pressions of reciprocity$ er humility and self sacrifice are e*amples of her strength$ She is nurturing and bonding and in all ways a complement to the Afrikan !an in general and to her usband in particular$ /he personality of the Afrikan )oman is a calabash of many attributes, among themF
instrospection, spirituality and faith, humanity, intuition, initiati"e and leadership, creati"ity, ingenuity, courageousness, resourcefulness and determination$ S() %, '() 3%1%&2 )7>-9%7)&' -. <8,'%*), T08'(, H+07-&4, R)*%/0-*%'4, R%2(')-8,&),,, B+3+&*) +&9 O09)0$ /he Afrikan )oman pro"ides political leadership and economic support in combination with the Afrikan !anG and goes to war for the Afrikan family and Afrikan nation$ Afrikan-4entered Nation-building begins with the family for it is within the family that true nation-building begins$ As 5rother !alcolm 6 stated, 0/he 5lack man in the ghettos $$$has to start self-correcting his own material, moral, and spiritual defects and e"ils$ /he 5lack man needs to start his own program to get rid of drunkenness, drug addiction, prostitution$ /he 5lack man $$$has to lift up his own sense of "alues$2 As Afrikan !en and )omen, we must remember the 5ibilical "erse that the Ancestors ne"er forgot throughout all of the toil of ensla"ement, and Jim 4rowism, but that we ha"e turned our backs on in our dri"e for material satisfaction and the desire to be more American, or rather more like )hite Anglo-Sa*on ProtestantsG that "erse is 0(N:J
N8/ J8#; 8PP;(SS8; AND 4 88S( N8N( 8+ %S )AJS$2 Jou see, when en"y rises up in you heart and you seek to be one with that which you know to be against your own good, you will only be as your enemyG and you will hate your Afrikan self ,ust as he does$ Jou will denigrate your Afrikan self and insult your women and children ,ust as your oppressor does$ Jour will heap contempt upon you own ,ust as he does$ Jou will manifest an internal racist sentiment against yourself which will be e"en more powerful than the e*ternal racism that he gi"es$ 5y sowing the seed of imitating your oppressor your will reap a thousand fold more horrors against yourself than the Ancestors e"er e*perienced during ensla"ement$ Always remember you may plant one kernel of corn$ 8ne small seemingly insignificant kernel of corn$ owe"er, you will not reap only one kernel of corn, but instead, you will reap a corn stalk filled with hundreds upon thousands of kernels, a far greater return on your in"estment, no matter whether good or bad$ /he Afrikan-4entered conceptuali-ation of Nation-5uilding stresses a need for a reorientation of the Afrikan mind and a return to your cultural center$ As Dr$ +rant- +anon
stated so aptly, 0Bet us waste no time in sterile litanies and nauseating mimicry$ Bea"e this (urope where they are ne"er done talking of !an, yet murder men e"erywhere they find them, at the corner of e"ery one of their streets, in all corners of the globe$ +or centuries they ha"e stifled almost the whole of humanity in the name of a so-called spiritual e*perience$$$ /hat same (urope where $$$they ne"er stop proclaiming that they were an*ious for the welfare of !anF today we know with what sufferings humanity has paid for e"ery one of their triumphs of the mind$$$ 4ome then we must find something different$ )e today can do e"erything so long as we do not imitate (urope, so long as we are not obsessed by the desire to catch up with (urope$ $$$Bet us$$$ create the whole man, whom (urope has been incapable of bringing to triumphant birth $$$Bet us not pay tribute to (urope by creating states, institutions, and societies which draw their inspiration from her$ umanity is waiting for something from us other than such an imitation, which would be almost an obscene caricature$2 /o attain this new "ision there must be social change, re"olutionary social change$ 4omplete structural change in Afrikan society,
and the destruction of the means of social control maintained by the dominant group$ 5ut how do we do this9 AFROCENTRIC SOCIOECONOMIC/POLITICAL ACTION )e begin to shape our e*istence by understanding politics$ )hen we understand politics we then can begin to reconstruct Afrikan Political Pra*is 3 Action$ Pra*is is the set of con"entions.ight pra*is is the foundation for right political action$ /he postulates for doing politics are grouped under three topics the 4reation. the Afrikan perspecti"e "iews pra*is as being informed by and informing theory or ideas$ . habits or customs which are grounded in the world-"iew of the political participant$ /he world-"iew of the participant is shaped by a historical consciousness which informs their actions through the e*amples pro"ided from their past which ser"e as guides for current practice$ #nlike the (urocentric conceptuali-ation of pra*is. !aintenance and Decay of the political system$ 41 .a new sociali-ation from an Afrikan-4entered world-"iewG the construction of a new social system with social institutions which meet the needs of Afrikan peoples.
C0)+'%-& C$Politics begins with an idea$ <$Politics means percei"ing a common need and sharing it$ L$Politics is talking toward action$ >$Politics is social action to satisfy human needs using social facts$ E$A political act repeated becomes a social relationship$ @$A social relationship that lasts is made an institution by the perceptions of the many$ ?$(lites are formed when a few monopoli-e access to "alues$ K$Begitimacy of elites comes from deference produced by force and awe$ /hus So"ereignty lies with the elite because of this relationship$ 42 .
it becomes real in the minds of the people$ /his is reification.eification turns social relationships into things$ &(*ampleF a 4orporation is nothing more than a social relationship between its owners and employees. to make a thing of the unreal$' 43 . by gi"ing it a name such as %5!.D$Political men seek to ma*imi-e their "alues$ C=$Political 8rgani-ation is done to protect what you ha"e and to get more$ CC$4lass and status are often based on the distribution of knowledge$ C<$Names make social relationships more real$ CL$+orce helps to keep relationships real$ C>$.
M+%&')&+&*) CE$%n reified society people stay in line and lo"e it$ C@$(lites in a stable society define beha"ior. and allocate rewards$ C?$/he meaning of a social e"ent depends on who looks at itG and the elite dominate the defining of reality$ CK$Perceptions of #s and /hem begin with the presence of an other$ CD$%dentification of self with national interests becomes nationalism in an international conte*t of 08thers$2 D)*+4 <=$.e"olution occurs when legitimacy is undermined with "isions of a new social order$ 44 . distribute roles.
%&%'%-& -.D).+emale . !usic %ndustry. P-3%'%*. !ale. institutions which are nothing more than patterns of beha"ior continued o"er time to regulari-e an repeat problem-sol"ing will be formed$ Politics thus is e"erywhere. self-esteem. Politics is a social act that attempts to resol"e the tension between human needs and social facts$ Needs such as food. self-actuali-ation$ Social facts are conditions that limit or support the satisfaction of needs$ /he perception of tension is political consciousness$ Acting out of this consciousness is politics$ Politics begins with an idea and must be understood through ideas and the assumptions underlying those ideas that fit political beha"ior$ /herefore. Sports. be aware of assumptions and take all of them with a grain of salt$ 8nce a relationship is initiated by two or more persons to sol"e the tension between social needs and social facts. lo"e. security.elationships'$ !uch of our conditioning is not in our interestG it pre"ents us from recogni-ing our human needs and using our own political 45 . where"er people trade in human needs or package social reality &/ele"ision. (ducational %nstitutions.
% will ha"e limited what you take into "iew as politics and second. know thisF :HAT YOU THINK IS :HAT YOU SEE! :HAT OTHERS TEACH YOU TO THINK IS :HAT YOU GET TO SEE! Jour mind processes only what it is programmed to take in$ %t is programmed through definitions$ %f % told you that politics is the authoritati"e allocation of resources$ And then said list acti"ities that you associate with that definition. and official politics they impose their world"iew on us$ Such training is called 0sociali-ation2$ %t is the handing down of ways of getting along in society$ Such ways are so designed so as not to challenge the powerful. the schools. % would ha"e caused you to see all politics as flowing from the top down$ % would ha"e subtly shaped your understanding so that you think it is nice and right that some authoritati"e source outside of yourself determine what amount of 46 .power to fulfill them$ Such conditioning is in the interest of people who already ha"e political power$ /hrough family. who already ha"e the most of what any society considers worth getting$ /o escape your conditioning understand that there is no such thing as a nonpolitical e"ent$ Ne*t. % will ha"e done two things$ +irst.
8&9)0..0)*-2&%B) /-3%'%*. 5(+' +0) '()%0 &))9.+*)! !ost of what we call politics is merely symbolic politicsF such as "oting$ /he real decision of who you will ha"e the choice of "oting for has already been made by the elite in the back rooms$ /he satisfaction of your needs and the sol"ing of your problems is not a concern$ %f your needs ha"e not been satisfied and your problems ha"e not been sol"ed politics has not occurred only the symbol of politics has taken place and when the symbolic act has ended you find yourself in e*actly the same place with the same unmet needs and unsol"ed problems$ /he symbolic 47 .) &))9.resources you need$ Definitions determine what you think about$ +or if on the other hand % said that politics was people getting together to sol"e their problems.+'%.-*%+3 .+*'.-*%+3 +*'.' '5/)-/3) %&1-31)9.'+&9 '(+' '()0) 5%33 >) +' 3)+.'(-.'()4 )&2+2) %& +&9 5(+' . '()4 5%33 0)*-2&%B) + . 9.(+0)9 &))9.) /)-/3) +0).! T. 5(+' .. % ha"e e*panded your "iew of politics and now you see it e"erywhere$ T..+&+34B) %' )1)& 9))/)0 &-') 5(. 9. +&9 %&')0+*' '.'()4 . +35+4.4 '(-.
-.4 4-80 &))9. &-' 5()& 4-8 +>%9) >4 '(-.*(+&2) '() 083). 5(%*( +0) &-' 9). %. /o do politics you must understandF C$:(+' +0) '() 083).-31) 4-80 /0->3)7... '() 2+7)C . 2+7). 5()& 4-8 '04 '.) 083).%2&)9 '.! 48 . +&9 .+'%.political act in which you engage ser"e to reify those social relationships which meet the needs of the elite and sol"e their problems$ Just consider the elite nature of public policies. 5(+' (+//)&. and elite definition of problems and the elite analysis of the source of problemsF it is stated that it is not society its the indi"idual who is the problem$ /his is maintained because to change society is to alter power relationships and endanger elite position$ D-%&2 P-3%'%*.ules of the game are the taken for granted routines within which politics is done in any community$ Ask yourselfF how much of your life do you spend obeying someone else1s rules of the game9 P-3%'%*.. -.
-*%+3 0)3+'%-&.(7)&' -.' 9)')07%&) %. +0) %& '() >). 4-8 78.)01) +.' 9.' -.(%/.' %&')0). 5(%*( . . '() /-3%'%*+3 +&9 . '() 0).)) '(+' '()4 +0) &-' 4-8 78. A.' %&')0). .C :alues are the goals indi"iduals stri"e after$ Political "alues are the goals and conditions that the system of politics enshrines and is set up to protect$ Social :alues are the goals toward which society as a whole may stri"e$ T. 5(%*( 5%33 3)+9 '.C Persons in power use social and political institutions as resources of power$ Social institutions are relationships set up long ago to regulate the satisfaction of some groups needs$ Political institutions are 49 .-0 /-3%'%*+3 +*'-0.9./-3%'%*.'+>3%.0%6+& /)-/3) +&9 '()& +*' +**-09%&234! :()& 4-8 .-*%+3 +&9 /-3%'%*+3 %&.<$:(+' +0) '() 1+38).'%'8'%-&.' -.0%6+& /)-/3)! L$:(+' +0) '() .-*%+3 1+38)./-3%'%*. 5(%*( +0) %& '() >).'() ).-80*). A.
*%-8.&). political parties. when "iewed from the perspecti"e of the relationship of the Afrikan masses with the current holders of world power$ B)*-7%&2 P-3%'%*+334 C-&. /o do politics on the behalf of Afrikan people. howe"er one must become politically conscious$ /here are fi"e methods utili-ed to keep you psychologically ensla"ed an thus 50 ..problem-sol"ing relationships solidified o"ertime into more or less permanent organi-ations$ (lites will use class and status. interest groups and go"ernment as resources and this will matter and carry weight with those who accept the legitimacy of their position within these resources$ )hen you alter your world-"iew and change your perception of e*isting social and political institutions and shift your "iew to note the social and political resources at your disposal this allow you to effecti"ely challenge and alter power distributions$ /his is not merely reform howe"er.
ectify it$ /o fight itF )e must dereify the language to e*pose the human details that make social facts possible$ /hen we will ha"e deconstructed the 51 . +amily.pre"ent this$ /hese are one-dimensionality. and pathological ideology$ C$O&)-9%7)&. reification. stasis.eification is attempting to make something real or concrete that is not$ Jou take the unreal and ob. alienation. Schools' /o fight itF de"elop your analytical skills so that you can deconstruct or break down all of reality and take nothing for granted$ <$R)%.%-&+3%'4: of the mind is a tendency to think that there is only one way of sol"ing problems or doing politics$ /his causes us to see social facts as ine"itable conditions to which our needs must always be submitted$ )e allow oursel"es to be submerged into someone else1s world-"iew and social reality$ )e are taught to do this through the agencies of sociali-ation &!edia.%*+'%-&F is belie"ing that a social relationship such as social and political institutions are more real than the men and women who made them$ .
own and consume$ Such alienation results in percei"ing all social "alues as personal "alues and social facts as absolute conditions of life$ /his lea"es the indi"idual politically unconscious$ /o fight itF Inow yourself. sa"e for.propaganda and political myths that are all around us$ L$A3%)&+'%-&F is the psychic process by which we become totally estranged from our own needs and the hope of satisfying them in our society$ 8ne-dimensional thinking in modern society lead to alienation where one feels happy and therefore belie"es that one is li"ing a truly human life$ /his happiness is superficial howe"er. and only a mask for the failure to satisfy ones needs$ 5y accepting society1s popular media-ad"ertised needs and their satisfaction in the consumption of consumer goods. and create your own world$ %n the words of the Afrikan Diasporan Psychologist Dr$ Naim AkbarF Structure your world so that you are 52 . people become alienated from their real needs and become identified and possessed by the products that they buy.
once created. men seek to recreate them to meet the new needs$ E$P+'(-3-2%*+3 I9)-3-24F free-es the mind into belie"ing in one unchanging set 53 .%. countering changing conditions with changed strategies$ /o fight itF understand the cycles through which politics mo"es$ /hey are EA')0&+3%B+'%-&F !en create societies as answers to needs$ O>?)*'%.F is the assumption that the state of the world is steady and unchanging$ /his leads to a rigidity in ones response to social facts instead of a fle*ible and percepti"e ad.constantly reminded of who you are and who you intend to become$ Act in the best interests of your community and from the perspecti"e of an Afrikan )orld"iew$ Jou will then destroy alienation and preser"e your sanity$ >$S'+. become social facts that structure the daily li"es of indi"iduals$ S-*%+3%B+'%-&F once created a society is then presented to newcomers as a reality to be accepted and learned$ D)*+4F when created societies fail to satisfy human needs.%*+'%-&F societies.ustment.
of "alues as eternal guides for proper beha"ior$ /he rigidities of ideological thinking often lead to racism and war$ Any condition is pathological which pre"ents the indi"idual from using social facts to satisfy needs$ /here are two kinds of pathological ideologiesF pathological idealism and pathological realism$ /he P+'(-3-2%*+3 I9)+3%.' focuses on Action$ /he idealist is so idea oriented that he neglects to consider the practical issues necessary to bring them into fruition$ /he realist so fi*ed on action that when he obtains power the lack the ideas to implement$ Pathological realism lead to power which corrupts and pathological idealism leads to powerlessness which corrupts$ /o fight itF take a critical stance for action. e"en in the face of 54 .' focuses on ideas the P+'(-3-2%*+3 R)+3%. by melding political idealism and political realism$ /he final step into political consciousness is learning to critiAue political reality$ /his is difficult to do because we are taught that it is good Nsociali-ationO$ )e accept its institutions as if they were made by God Almighty NreificationO$ And.
which reAuires you to step to the periphery of daily life onto a platform of ideas about the world. against which you measure the performance of the world$ +or the Afrikan on the 4ontinent and in the Diaspora that platform is an Afrikan4entered )orld-"iew$ 5y critiAuing the e*isting social order from an Afrikan )orld-"iew. and how can we begin to rethink the world as it might be9 C0%'%D8%&2 P-3%'%*+3 R)+3%'4 /o escape symbolic politics and to rethink the world you must become a re"olutionary critic$ Jou must step outside of your perspecti"e$ /his is a mental e*ercise. we belie"e we ought to be happy in it NalienationO because this reality is the only possible one None-dimensionalityO and will always be around NstasisO$ ow then can we escape symbolic politics.contradictory e"idence. and understanding politics as the satisfaction of the tension between human needs and social facts you enable yourself to actually do politics$ Jou can nowF 55 .
I! Inow what you want N"alues based on needsO$ C$Determine to what e*tent your "alues are related to human needs$ <$Determine to what e*tent your social situation or society is set up to deny fulfillment of these needs$ II! %dentify and mobili-e your political colleagues$ C$+ind others who share your perception of needs$ <$Persuade other to share your perceptions$ L$%dentify others who do not share your percei"ed needs and who cannot be persuaded to share themG these are social facts arrayed against you$ 56 .
III! Determine how badly you want to achie"e your goals$ C$ ow important in your order of "alues is the goal you are trying to accomplish9 <$ ow committed are you to working with others to reach your goals9 L$/o what e*tent are the "alues of my political colleagues in line with my own9 >$ ow committed are my political colleagues to political action9 IV! Inow where you are in political time and space Nsocio-political institutional en"ironment$O$ Political /ime BocationF C$)hat social relationships ha"e been created for me that % cannot affect9 57 .
edefine the . as compared with others9 L$)hat is my relati"e access to political institutions that might work in my fa"or-compared with the opposition1s access to political institutions that might work against my goals9 V! .ules of the GameStructure the political world to meet your needs$ 58 .<$)hat social relationships do % partly control9 L$)hat social relationships am % free to totally create9 Political Space BocationF C$ ow many resources can % muster in relation to others-either those who work with me or those who work against me9 <$ ow much deference do % get.
but what9 C-778&%'4 O02+&%B%&2 G-+3. P0->3)7. @ P-5)0 C$ Afrikan 4ommunity 8rgani-ingF brings Afrikan people together to combat shared problems and to increase their say about decisions that affects their li"es$ Afrikan 4ommunity 3 (conomic De"elopmentF occurs when Afrikan people form their own organi-ations to pro"ide a long-term capacity to problem sol"ing$ Afrikan 4ommunity 8rgani-ingF helps Afrikan people o"ercome the feeling that <$ L$ 59 . national and international le"el and de"elop international coalitions within the Global Afrikan community$ /here are four reasons why$ P)-/3). )e must organi-e the Afrikan 4ontinental and Diasporan community for social action at the local. state.%t is not enough howe"er to merely critiAue the e*isting political reality$ /o effect change more must be done..
they face problems alone or that they are to blame for their problems$ >$ Afrikan 4ommunity 8rgani-ingF combats the sense of helplessness Afrikan people feel in dealing with the problems that confront them$ :(4 A. C$Afrikan People feel powerless because their problems are comple* and reAuire knowledge they often lack$ <$Some Afrikans feel helpless because they blame themsel"es for problems they did not cause$ L$%t is to the perpetrators ad"antage when "ictims blame themsel"es$ 5laming themsel"es for circumstances they did not cause makes many Afrikans helpless.0%6+& P)-/3) F))3 H)3/3).. because they cannot respond constructi"ely until they admit that someone or something else is at fault$ >$+ear of retaliation is a powerful e*planation for why many Afrikans people do not raise 60 .
maintain their positions by claiming they represent legitimate authority and cannot and should not be challenged$ @$("en when Afrikan people earnestly want to protest the conditions they li"e under and sol"e the problems they face.their "oices in protest$ /hose who ha"e the training to know care more about preser"ing the crumbs they recei"e from the American social structure than in the hell that is deli"ered to the masses of Afrikan people$ E$%n part. the reason people suffer in silence and fail to protest is that they ha"e been taught that those in authority must be right and Auestioning authority is wrong$ /hose in charge. they often donPt know how$ !any of our people ha"e little e*perience with or information about the process of protest$ /he traditions of protest are downplayed in the schools to a"oid threatening 7the superstructure of beliefs and rituals7 that support those in power$ ?$Another reason why Afrikan people feel helpless is that they are often economically 61 .
dependent on precisely those that are causing them harm$ K$/his state of percei"ed helplessness is reinforced by the continuing reduction in need for unskilled labor in America.ority$ /his is in 62 . or ignore$ Sometimes it is geographic location that causes the problem$ Afrikan people of the diaspora and the continent ha"e been informed by )estern !edia an social institutions to "iew their situations as separate and thus ha"e not noticed the congruencies that e*ist$ /he strength and resources of the Global Afrikan community are not noted particularly in the #nited States where Afrikans "iew themsel"es as a 0minority2 as opposed to being a part of the Global !a. isolation often keeps Afrikan people from organi-ing$ People feel "ulnerable when they feel aloneG they feel ineffecti"e as long as they are the only ones complaining$ 8ne person can accomplish too little. defuse. urbani-ation and the internationali-ation of 4orporate power$ D$+inally. and an isolated indi"idual is easy for the opposition to pick off. which is a product of industriali-ation.
between those educated in schools and those educated by life e*periences$ /hese di"isions in the Afrikan community contribute to the feeling of helplessness$ C=$4ommunity 8rgani-ing combats these sources of powerlessness$ C-778&%'4 O02+&%B%&2 I. which benefit from Afrikan political impotence$ C$Afrikan 4ommunity De"elopmentF in"ol"es local empowerment through organi-ed 63 . A S)+0*( F-0 P-5)0 Bet us understand that Afrikan community organi-ing is a search for power$ /he political de"elopment of the Afrikan community is the goal$ %t seeks to place the Afrikan community in a position of power and thus naturally challenges e*isting power arrangements and dominant groups.stark contrast to the actions of (lite (uropean and American interests which hand in hand to maintain )estern global dominance$ Social space also causes isolation$ +or instance the social distance between poor and so-called middle class.
groups of people acting collecti"ely to control decisions.ects. and demonstrate that popular protest can be successful$ All of the aspects of political participation are "iable resources for the organi-ed community$ An organi-ed Afrikan community engages in system reconstruction$ %t utili-es "erbal criticismG written criticismG petitionsG 64 . programs and policies that affect them as a community$ %t further in"ol"es the linking of organi-ations representing groups across the Afrikan world to effect efficient change in international power arrangements$ <$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ing resol"es many of the sources of Afrikan powerlessness$ %t works to end people isolation. pressure go"ernment agencies. pro. to get them to recogni-e shared problems as political rather than personalG it confronts the myth that decision-makers are right because they are in power$ Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ing stri"es to build both the skills for selfreliance and self-help and the capacity for economic betterment$ %t helps protect organi-ation members from intimidation and reprisal$ Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations gather and focus information.
by using legal actions. which is the ability to affect decisions that shape social outcomes$ H-5 C-778&%'4 O02+&%B+'%-&. and their successes build more power$ Asking Auestions and debating policies imply that authorities do not ha"e legitimate and e*clusi"e control$ /o pre"ent such threats to their power.picketingG marchesG non"iolent confrontationG obstruction of the "ital organs of societyG non"iolent lawbreakingG and other forms of political participation$ /he organi-ed Afrikan community is prepared for state terrorism and eAuipped to defend itself$ /he degree of "iolence is defined by state reaction$ (ach successful group acti"ity makes Afrikan community members feel more confident and competent about sol"ing their problems$ %t in"ol"es a struggle for power. authorities attempt to keep many issues of interest to community 65 . G+%& P-5)0 C$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations gain power by taking control of the public agenda. and the threat of force. and by harnessing the energies of committed people$ /hey Auestion authority. e*pertise.
turning non-decisions into contested issues$ Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations gain power by calling attention to problems$ Setting an agenda does not ensure "ictory. but it does depri"e authorities of the power they gain 66 .organi-ations of the public agenda$ %ssues can be kept from public discussion by obscuring or redefining social problems as personal ones$ A$4ontrolling the Agenda C$People in authority try to control the public agenda by non-decision making$ Non-decision making means that crucial Auestions are not contested because they do not come under public scrutiny$ %t limits the scope of actual decision-making to 7safe7 issues by manipulating the dominant community "alues. myths and political institutions and procedures$ <$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations determine the issues to be discussed publicly.
are concerned only with their personal interests$ <$/he first step in combating personali-ation is consciousness raising$ %t in"ol"es a sharing of e*periences to learn that what appears personal is really political$ Disco"ering that a problem is shared and socially caused rather than a personal inadeAuacy is the first step in gaining power$ 4$Begal Authority. by contrast.from determining which issues will be discussed$ 5$4ombating Personali-ation C$Personali-ation is another way those in power control the public agenda$ /hey argue that they represent the general interest and that members of community organi-ations. and the /hreat of +orce C$4ommunity organi-ations can gain power through legal actions. (*pertise. 67 .
first of all.is dangerous for a community group unless it is able to protect its members from the use of counterforce$ Sometimes it is better to try the hint of possible disruption. on whether or not the obstructionist group can protect itself adeAuately from reprisal$ /he use of forcedisruption. and the threat of force$ 4ommunity organi-ations create power when they use disruption. disruption achie"es power only under certain conditions$ /he amount of le"erage that a group gains by applyingH negati"e sanctions is widely "ariable$ %nfluence depends. such as public demonstrations. rather than actually doing the deed$ Power is not only what you ha"e but also what the enemy thinks you ha"e$ 68 . on whether or not those who ha"e been affected by the disruption ha"e resources to be concededG and third. sitins.e*pertise. and other public displays$ owe"er. on whether or not the contribution withheld is crucial to othersG second. and picketing.
D$Power 4reated by 4ommitted !embers C$/he main source of power for most Afrikan community organi-ations is the number of members they attract and the skills. and persistent dedication of the membership$ Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations can often achie"e a great deal with financial support because community members "olunteer their time and energy and risk their physical safety$ B8%39%&2 P-5)0 G0+98+334 /he organi-ed Afrikan community understands that power is built gradually and not in one gigantic sweep$ /he members are committed for the long term and think in terms of a historical consciousness which stretches hundreds of years into the past and future$ C$Power is gained systematically$ A$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations increase people1s awareness that they 69 . enthusiasm.
share problems and that the solutions are collecti"e rather than indi"idual$ 5$/he Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ation then addresses the problems faced by its members$ 4$As the organi-ation becomes more "isible and associated with the successful application of power. generate enthusiasm.oin$ /hey learn skills. more people . and contribute to future successes that enhance organi-ational power$ D$Participation in Afrikan community organi-ations helps make Afrikan people more politically sensiti"e and more effecti"e political actors$ Participation in protest leads to politici-ation$ 7/hrough such protestsHordinary people construct a broader analysis of politicsF they shift from a non-ideological stance to an ideological stance. from ha"ing a deep faith in the established political system to de"eloping a critical political analysis$ /his critical perspecti"eH 70 . from defining themsel"es as non-political to defining themsel"es as political.
creates the potential for grass-roots acti"ists to play a more acti"e and militant role$7 NIraus. racism. through the resolution of shared problems$ <$/he elimination of social ineAuities caused by po"erty. C-778&%'4 O02+&%B%&2 +&9 D)1)3-/7)&' )hat are the goals of Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ing9 C$/he impro"ement of the Auality of life. the greater the future capacity to sol"e community problems through political action$ T() G-+3. and se*ism$ L$(*ercise and preser"ation of community "alues as part of the process of organi-ing and as an outcome of community de"elopment$ >$(nabling people to achie"e their potential as an Afrikan people$ 71 . -. CDKKO /he more people participate in community action.
labor market relationships.( P8)(. political and economic institutions of a nation & such as.4(S$ (conomic and sociopolitical de"elopment will often be impossible without corresponding changes in the social. not only as indi"iduals. but as part of a broader Afrikan society toward which they are contributing to bring into being$ @$An eAuitable distribution of wealth and power in society$ /o effecti"ely de"elop the economic capacity of the Afrikan community the community organi-ation must be concerned with the economic and political processes necessary for affecting rapid structural and institutional transformations of entire societies in a manner that will most efficiently bring the fruits of economic progress to the whole of the Afrikan population$ (ffecti"e socioeconomic change reAuires either that the support of elite groups be enlisted through persuasion or coercion or that / (J 5( P#S (D AS%D( 5J !8.+#B +8.E$/he creation of a sense of community. the distribution and control of 72 . land-tenure systems. educational structures. in which people can feel more efficacious.
4hild 4are.physical and financial assets. 4ommunity Safety. 73 . laws of ta*ation. C$5y working together in Afrikan community organi-ations. Afrikan community organi-ations play mediating rolesG that is. Afrikan people can acAuire knowledge and power$ <$%n sol"ing problems. they pro"ide a link between indi"iduals and larger or more formidable institutions$ L$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations gain power by aggregating indi"idual concerns and fragmented complaints and targeting them to those responsible$ >$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations sometimes sol"e problems by linking them together$ E$Afrikan 4ommunity organi-ations address many different Auality of life issues$ & ousing.P0->3)7. and pro"ision of credit' ?$/he means of accomplishing the goals must be consistent with the ends desired$ T() S-38'%-& '.
ecti"e' you define the problem impacts the solutions that you choose$ <$ ow Assess the relationship between the African 4ommunities influence for achie"ing its ob.-80*) D%. ow do 4ommunity 8rgani-ations achie"e their goal of altering resource distribution pattern9 C$ Select Preference Goal &8b.ealth 4are.'0%>8'%-& P+'')0&. 4ooperati"e (conomic De"elopment' A3')0%&2 R).ecti"e 3 the resistance of the socially dominant community whose policies it wants to change$ /o determine the le"el resistance of the dominant community it1s ma.or interests must be defined$ Determine the methods through which the dominant community can be influencedF A$8bligation 5$+riendship L$ 74 .
4$.ational Persuasion D$Selling E!C-)0*%-& +$%nducement >$ Determine the sources of African 4ommunity %nfluenceF A$!oney and 4redit B!P)0.-&+3 E&)024 4$Popularity D$Socio-political Standing ($4ontrol of %nformation F!L)2%'%7+*4 @ L)2+3%'4 75 .
and preferences from those e*periencing the problem and other sources$ 76 . for these will determine what can be accomplished$ 5$%nteractional /asksF C$(liciting and recei"ing information. P0->3)7-S-31%&2 C$ Defining the Problem A$Analytical /asksF C$Study and describe the problematic aspects of the situation$ <$4onceptuali-e the system of rele"ant actors$ L$Assess what opportunities and limits are set by the African 4ommunity. grie"ances.A&+34'%*+3 +&9 I&')0+*'%-&+3 T+.6. -.
olesF %nteractional /asks C$(stablish formal and informal communication lines$ <$.<$5uilding Structure Analytical /asks A$Determining the nature of the African 4ommunities relationship to the "arious actors in"ol"ed$ 5$Decide on the types of structures to be de"eloped$ 4$4hoose people for roles within the new structures$ /ype of .ecruiting people into the selected structures and roles and obtaining there commitments to address the problem$ 77 .
L$+ormulating Policy Analytical /asks C$Analy-e past efforts to deal with the problem$ <$De"elop alternati"e goals and strategies. assessing their possible conseAuences and feasibility$ L$Selecting one or more for implementation$ %nteractional /asks C$4ommunicating alternati"e goals and strategies to selected actors$ <$Promoting their e*pression of preferences and testing acceptance of "arious alternati"es$ L$4hoose from the alternati"es$ 78 .
>$%mplementing Plans Analytical /asks C$Specifying what tasks need to be performed to achie"e agreedupon goals. and with what resources and procedures$ %nteractional /asks C$!arshall resources and put procedures into operation$ E$!onitoring Analytical /asks C$Designing system for collecting information on operations$ <$Analy-e feedback and specify ad. when.ustments needed and.or new problems that reAuire planning and action$ 79 . by whom.
%nteractional /asks C$8btaining information from rele"ant actors based on their e*perience$ <$4ommunicate findings and recommendations and prepare actors for new round of decisions to be made$ 80 .
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e must understand that we are not talking about reform$ /his is no more reform minded than was the Poor People1s 4ampaign initiated by D0! M+0'%& L8'()0 K%&2 <0! As he himself stated.&-' *-8&' -& 2-1)0&7)&' 2--9 5%33.' &-5 >) +9+/')9 '. + 0)1-38'%-& -. +&9 5) 78.+.'() 3+02)0 .'() 7+&9+'). *%1%3 9%.7 +0) +33 '%)9 '-2)'()0.'0%>8'%-& -. 1+38) .
'08*'%-&-0)1-38'%-& from the outside and it is not peaceful$ /hat is how you alter an intractable systemF you do what the #nited 82 .%* 1+38).78.%&')20+') '() N)20.) >+. %'. '()0).(:8B#/%8N$ 4hanging the system is often "iolent and it is bloody because the holder of power ne"er goes Auietly$ Just look at #$S$ actions in %raA perpetrated under the guise of regime change and "alue reorientation$ All of this is in play right nowF that is .-*%)'4.-0) &-' '(%&6 -. -. when you discuss changing "alues. but re"olution nonetheless$ )hen you begin to talk about altering resource distribution. you are talking about thrusting yourself into the heart of the struggle for power$ )hen the e*ploited lifts up their head and speaks of nation-building. and challenges the e*ploiter. >8' +. when you speak of disrupting the functioning of society.))6.'%&2 1+38).8&*'%-&%&2 +' .-7) 6)4 /-%&' !!!!L)' 8. -80 7-1)7)&' +. this is not reform it is S84%8P8B%/%4AB AND S84%8(48N8!%4 .-0*) '(+' %&')008/'. '() )A%. but social re"olutionG not necessarily "iolent. -&) '(+' .' >) + . '. A7)0%*+& .-*%+3 0)*-&. .!F /hese are not the words of reform. -&) '(+' 5-839 +3')0 '(-.%&'+33 -.
)&.-07. after ?KE years we began our last stand in Grenada.States did and has done.'+')9 '(+' *-&D8). you pre"ent it from operating$ )e as Afrikans must keep in mind as well that whether we acknowledge it or not we ha"e been in a perpetual state of social. Portuguese plans on the conAuest of Afrika. Spain against the Portuguese and Spanish$ %n C>D< we were dri"en out and they did not stop there$ /hey immediately began to e*tend their reach into Afrika and Asia and established and Afrikanindu (mpire$ %n C>DL the 4atholic 4hurch instituted the Asiento. couched in semantical terms of humanitarianism$ T() 9-*87)&' . which allowed the Portuguese to transport ensla"ed Afrikans into Spanish colonies$ %n CEC< Iing (manuel of Portugal announced in the policy plan the Regimento.3+1)7)&' +&9 +**83'80+'%-&! /he year CECL saw the %talian Niccolo !achia"elli write his treatise The Prince$ /he book pro"ides political philosophy on the 83 .: ')00%'-0%+3. cultural. political and economic war with the powers of (urope$ 5eginning in ?== A$D$ and ending in C>KE we fought with the (uropean 4hristians for control of the %berian peninsula$ %n C>KE.' 5-839 -**80 %& '(0)) .
health care. and economics as the ultimate )eapons of !ass Destruction$ And that war has increased in intensity since <==C.procedures for the successful conAuest and maintenance of states and conAuered territories. with the open renewal of the policy of colonialism and imperialism by the #nited States and the #nited Iingdom under the pretense of fighting terrorism as defined from )estern "alues and interests$ And once again the other (uropean powers &+rance and Germany' sAuabble with the #$S$ 3 #$I$ o"er the utili-ation of the spoils of imperial conAuest and not o"er the morality of the issue$ 84 . the establishment of colonies$ +rom CECK to CKK= we ha"e the !aafa. /he Great Suffering of Afrikan people under (uropean ensla"ement$ %n CKK> there is the Partition of Afrika by (uropean powers$ +rom CKK> until CDD> there has been a constant struggle on the part of the global Afrikan population with (uropean interests$ A perpetual state of war sometimes hot and at other times cold$ 5ut war nonetheless$ A genocidal. terroristic war which utili-es law.
) +33 1%+>3) -/'%-&. +&9 '(8.8'80) 2)&)0+'%-&.+'%.. + 98'4 '(+' 5) %2&-0) '. OUR CIVILI"ATIONS AND ALLO: OUR LIGHT TO SHINE BRIGHTLY FOR ALL OF OUR FUTURE GENERATIONS TO GA"E UPON :ITH GRATITUDE AND PRIDE! SALANIGAHLE ASANTE SANA 85 ./0-')*' -80. A.>) *-&. '.-0.0%6+& M)& +&9 :-7)& 5) 78.>8%39 +&9 /0-')*' -80 *-778&%'%). RECONSTRUCT OURSELVES. /)0%3! E&. -80 98'4 '. + &)*).%9)0)9 M)& +&9 :-7)&! Y-8 +.'.3+1)7)&' +&9 C-3-&%+3%.'+&9 '(+' 4-8 HAVE A HISTORICAL MISSION THAT ONLY YOU CAN ACCOMPLISH.' .0%6+& H%.' 9.8'80) .-0 '(-.-80 +&9 -80 .)31).)%' '() 0%2(' '.) 4)' 8&>-0&! T(%.%'4 '(+' +33 /)-/3) 78. A.7 5)0) 7)0)34 9-'.. A. AND THAT YOU CAN EITHER FULFILL IT OR BETRAY IT! A. /0-1%9) + >0%2(')0 .A. %. OUR COMMUNITIES.'-04: :) &-5 78.5(+' 5) (+1) +35+4.' 8&9)0. + 2)&)0+'%-& 78. +&9 -80 %&')0). 9-&).' 8.4 -0 ..-0)1)0 . -& '() 7+/ -.0%6+& M)& +&9 :-7)& %' %.
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