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A driver traveling at 96 km/h rounds a curve on level grade to see a truck overturned across the roadway at a distance of 150 meters. If the coefficient of forward friction is 0.40, at what speed will the driver hit the truck? Plot the result for reaction times ranging from 0.50 to 5.00 seconds (in 0.50 second increments). Discuss the implications of the result.

Problem 2

A car hits a tree at an estimated speed of 35 km/h on a 3% downgrade. If skid marks are observed of 40m on dry pavement (F=0.45) followed by 60m on a grass-stabilized shoulder (F=0.20), estimate the initial speed of the vehicle.

Problem 3

Drivers must slow from 110 km/h to 70 km/h to negotiate a severe curve on a rural highway. A warning sign for the curve is clearly visible for a distance of 30 meters. How far in advance of the curve must the sign be posted in order to insure that vehicles can safely decelerate? Assume a level grade, F=0.30, and a perception-reaction time of 2 seconds.

Problem 4

The travel times shown were measured for vehicles as they traversed a 2.0-km segment of highway. Compute the time mean speed and the space mean speed. Prove that space mean speed is lower than time mean speed. Vehicle 1 2 3 4 5 6 Express both TMS and SMS in km/h. Travel Time (min) 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.1

Problem 5

The counts shown in the table were observed on a freeway. Compute (a) the hourly volume, (b) the peak rate of flow for a five-minute period, (c) the peak rate of flow for a 15minute period, and (d) the peak hour factor based upon 15-minute periods.

Time 5:00-5:05 P.M. 5:05-5:10 5:10-5:15 5:15-5:20 5:20-5:25 5:25-5:30 5:30-5:35 5:35-5:40 5:40-5:45 5:45-5:50 5:50-5:55 5:55-6:00

Count 201 208 217 232 219 220 205 201 195 210 190 195

Problem 6

A volume of 900 vph is observed at an intersection approach. Plot the peak rate of flow within the hour as the PHF varies from 1.00 to 0.75.

Problem 7

Define Transportation Engineering and Traffic Engineering and describe the difference between them.

Problem 8

Describe the challenges in traffic engineering that we have to face and illustrate why traffic engineers should bear responsibility for their work.

Problem 1 Based on Greenbergs speed-density model and Underwoods speed-density model, substantiate that the capacity for Greenberg and Underwood is as follows:

Greenberg

Underwood Problem 2 Based on the survey conducted at segment of Chang An Avenue, using radar meter, the spot speed data is shown as follows:

Speed Frequency

48 2

50 4

51 7

53 12

54 21

55 28

56 25

57 16

58 12

60 11

65 1

(a) Plot the frequency distribution curve and cumulative frequency distribution curve for these data. (b) Find mean speed, standard deviation, modal speed, pace, and percent vehicles in the pace. (c) Estimate the true mean speed with a confidence of 95% (d) Analyze the skewness of distribution: positive or negative. Problem 3 The heavy-vehicle factor is defined as the ratio of mixed traffic count (natural count) and in which = real (natural) count. Substantiate

that

where:

PT, PR --- proportion of truck/bus and recreational vehicle in traffic stream ET, ER --- PCE for truck/bus and recreational vehicle respectively, (as shown in Tables 10-8, 10-9, and 10-10 in your handout) Problem 4 A study of freeway flow at a particular site has resulted in a calibrated speed-density relationship, as follows: (a) Find the free-flow speed and jam density

(b)Derive equations describing flow versus speed and flow versus density (c)Determine the capacity of the site mathematically (d)Sketch the speed-density, flow-speed and flow-density curves Problem 5 A traffic stream displays average vehicle headways of 2.2 second at speed of 80 kilometer per hour. Compute the density and rate of flow for this traffic stream. Problem 6 What is pace defined in traffic engineering and what does it indicate in traffic engineering practice? Problem 7 What does PHF (Peak Hour Factor) represent in traffic engineering? What range does it fall within?

Problem 1

Based on the survey it is found that a fleet of vehicles moves with average of headway of 2.5 seconds. Calculate the traffic volume under this situation.

Problem 2

It is known that the arrival of vehicles at toll booth agrees with Poisson distribution. Given that the probability of no vehicles arriving at the toll booth within an hour is 0.01. Estimate the probability of at least two vehicles arriving at the toll booth in an hour.

Problem 3

The traffic volume of roadway is 600 vph and its headway is distributed in the form of exponential equation. Estimate: (a)Number of headway whose value is no less than 6 second within an hour. (b)The percentage of the number of the headway between 18 and 24 to the total.

Problem 4

The following table gives the frequency of arrival of vehicles at intersection. Use Chisquare goodness-to-fit test to substantiate if the data is agreeable to Poisson distribution under the confidence of 95%. xi 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

fi 1 5 12 12 11 7 8 2 1 1 0

Problem 5

It is known that decreasing the value will increase the possibility that hypothesis is value as small as

possible. Is that correct? Give your explanation and what is the commonly used value of in traffic engineering. ( =level of significance)

Problem 6

The following table shows up the result of recording the number of passengers arriving at a bus station every 5 minutes. The observer has recorded 100 samples and variable fi represents the frequency of ith passengers arriving. The arrival of number of passengers is assumed to agree with Poison distribution. Using Chi-square testing process to test if the hypothesis is accepted under the given levels of confidence of 95% and 75%, respectively. xi fi 0 1 2 1 5 16 3 17 4 26 5 11 6 7 8 9 10 9 9 2 1 2 11 1 12 0

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