You are on page 1of 17

William Wordsworth

Benjamin Robert Haydon, William Wordsworth, 1842, London, National Portrait Gallery.

A.. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth. Life • Born in Cockermouth in Cumberland in 1770.. Degree at St John’s College. Cumberland • • Only Connect . 1791: B. New Directions . His father. taught him poetry and allowed him access to his library. Cambridge. a lawyer.William Wordsworth 2.

. New Directions . from a French aristocratic woman.William Wordsworth 2. Annette Vallon. Cumberland Only Connect . Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth. Life • In 1791 he travelled to Revolutionary France and was fascinated by the Republican movement. Caroline. • In 1792 he had a daughter..

and the war between England and France caused him to return to England. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth. New Directions .. Cumberland Only Connect .. Life • The Reign of Terror led him to become estranged to the Republic.William Wordsworth 2.

William Wordsworth 2. Wordsworth’s House in Cockermouth. In 1843 he became the Poet Laureate.. Life • In 1795 he developed a close friendship with Samuel Taylor Coleridge.. • • He died in 1850. with whom he collaborated in the 1797-1799 period to write Lyrical Ballads. New Directions . Cumberland Only Connect .

James Smith Noel Collection The Excursion (1814).. This edition contains the famous Preface. the Manifesto of English Romanticism. Poems. Main works • Lyrical Ballads.William Wordsworth 3.. New Directions . Only Connect . in Two Volumes (1807). with a Few Other Poems (1798). • • • • William Wordsworth. Lyrical Ballads. Shreveport. The Prelude (1850). with Other Poems (1800).

William Wordsworth 4. Only Connect . New Directions .. The object of poetry From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “The principal object […] was to choose incidents and situations from common life […] to make these incidents and situations interesting by tracing in them […] the primary laws of our nature”..

William Wordsworth 5. being less under the influence of social vanity. The language of poetry From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “The language […] of these men is adopted […] because such men hourly communicate with the best objects from which the best part of language is originally derived”... Only Connect . “[…] and because. New Directions . they convey their feelings and notions in simple and unelaborated expressions”.

Who is the poet? From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “What is a poet? […] He is a man speaking to men: a man […] endued with more lively sensibility who has a greater knowledge of human nature. New Directions .. than are supposed to be common among mankind”..William Wordsworth 6. and a more comprehensive soul. Only Connect .

. Only Connect . is gradually produced.William Wordsworth 7. kindred to that which was before the subject of contemplation. What is poetry? From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origins from emotion recollected in tranquillity: the emotion is contemplated till by a species of reaction the tranquillity gradually disappears. and an emotion. New Directions . and does itself actually exist in the mind”..

and in a mood similar to this it is carried on. Poetic composition From the Preface to Lyrical Ballads “In this mood successful composition generally begins. Only Connect . but the emotion (…) from various causes is qualified by various pleasures. which are voluntarily described. so that in describing any passions whatsoever.. New Directions .William Wordsworth 8.. the mind will upon the whole be in a state of enjoyment”.

William Wordsworth 9. The poetic process Poet Object Sensory experience Emotion Emotion Memory = Recollection In Tranquillity Poem Kindred emotion Reader Only Connect .. New Directions ..

. • Pantheistic view of nature: it is the seat of the spirit of the universe. New Directions John Constable. The Frick Collection. New York.. it is a source of joy and pleasure.William Wordsworth 10.. 1819. Man and nature • Man and nature are inseparable. Only Connect . to act in a moral way. it teaches man to love. The White Horse. • Nature comforts man in sorrow.

• He believed that the moral character develops during childhood  influence of David Hartley (1705-1757).William Wordsworth 11. New Directions .. William Hawell.. 1807. Wordsworth Trust. Only Connect . The senses and memory • Wordsworth exploited the sensibility of the eye and ear to perceive the beauty of nature. Waterfall at Ambleside seen through a window.

Turner. • These simple thoughts later combine into complex and organised ideas. 1794. The Chancel and Crossing of Tintern Abbey.William Wordsworth 11.. V. Only Connect .. The senses and memory • The sensations caused by physical experience lead to simple thoughts. M. • Memory is a major force in the process of growth. New Directions . Looking towards the East Window by J.

Only Connect . The poet’s task The poet = a teacher • Shows men how to understand their feelings and improve their moral being..William Wordsworth 12.. • Draws attention to the ordinary things of life where the deepest emotions are to be found. New Directions .

Wordsworth’s style • Abandoned 18th-century poetic diction. • Almost always used blank verse... ballads and lyrics. • Proved skilful at verse forms such as sonnets.William Wordsworth 13. View of Buttermere. Crummock Water and the surrounding Fells from Fleetwith Pike in the English Lake District Only Connect . New Directions . odes.

Related Interests