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PVSYST V5.

62

19/09/13 Page 1/3

Grid-Connected System: Simulation parameters


Project :
Geographical Site Situation Time defined as

Sibiu
Sibiu Latitude Legal Time Albedo 45.8 N Time zone UT+2 0.20 Country Longitude Altitude Romania 24.1 E 427 m

Meteo data : Simulation variant :

Sibiu from PVGIS, Synthetic Hourly data SIBIU - 20 de grade


Simulation date 19/09/13 13h34

Simulation parameters Collector Plane Orientation Horizon Near Shadings PV Array Characteristics PV module Number of PV modules Total number of PV modules Array global power Array operating characteristics (50 C) Total area Inverter Characteristics Si-poly Model Manufacturer In series Nb. modules Nominal (STC) U mpp Module area STP 240-24/Vb Suntech 17 modules In parallel 153 Unit Nom. Power At operating cond. 36.7 kWp 517 V I mpp 297 m Ingecon Sun 30 Ingeteam 405-750 V Unit Nom. Power Tilt Free Horizon No Shadings 20 Azimuth 0

9 strings 240 Wp 32.7 kWp (50 C) 63 A

Model Manufacturer Operating Voltage

30.0 kW AC

PV Array loss factors Thermal Loss factor Uc (const) 20.0 W/mK => Nominal Oper. Coll. Temp. (G=800 W/m, Tamb=20 C, Wind=1 m/s.) Wiring Ohmic Loss Global array res. Module Quality Loss Module Mismatch Losses Incidence effect, ASHRAE parametrization IAM = 138 mOhm

Uv (wind) NOCT Loss Fraction Loss Fraction Loss Fraction bo Parameter

0.0 W/mK / m/s 56 C 1.5 % at STC 1.5 % 2.0 % at MPP 0.05

1 - bo (1/cos i - 1)

User's needs :

Unlimited load (grid)

PVSYST V5.62

19/09/13 Page 2/3

Grid-Connected System: Main results


Project : Simulation variant :
Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV modules PV Array Inverter User's needs Main simulation results System Production

Sibiu SIBIU - 20 de grade


System type tilt Model Nb. of modules Model Unlimited load (grid) Produced Energy Performance Ratio PR Grid-Connected 20 STP 240-24/Vb 153 Ingecon Sun 30 azimuth Pnom Pnom total Pnom 0 240 Wp 36.7 kWp 30.0 kW ac

42.58 MWh/year 80.1 %

Specific prod.

1159 kWh/kWp/year

Normalized productions (per installed kWp): Nominal power 36.7 kWp


7 Lc : Collection Loss (PV-array losses) 0.63 kWh/kWp/day Ls : System Loss (inverter, ...) 0.16 kWh/kWp/day Yf : Produced useful energy (inverter output) 3.18 kWh/kWp/day 0.8
Normalized Energy [kWh/kWp/day]

Performance Ratio PR
1.0 PR : Performance Ratio (Yf / Yr) : 0.801

5
Performance Ratio PR

0.6

0.4

2 0.2 1

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

0.0

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

SIBIU - 20 de grade Balances and main results


GlobHor kWh/m January February March April May June July August September October November December Year Legends: GlobHor T Amb GlobInc GlobEff 38.8 55.2 103.9 138.9 174.8 178.2 177.6 160.0 108.9 79.7 46.5 36.6 1299.1 T Amb C -2.00 0.30 4.20 10.10 15.50 18.70 20.50 20.00 14.90 10.50 4.70 -0.90 9.76 GlobInc kWh/m 52.0 70.4 122.4 151.6 178.3 177.8 179.0 170.8 123.2 101.6 63.9 56.0 1446.9 GlobEff kWh/m 49.8 67.7 118.2 146.4 172.6 172.3 173.3 165.3 118.8 97.9 61.3 53.5 1397.2 EArray MWh 1.717 2.303 3.965 4.718 5.428 5.311 5.299 5.081 3.771 3.192 2.057 1.841 44.683 EArray E_Grid EffArrR EffSysR E_Grid MWh 1.621 2.187 3.784 4.500 5.179 5.067 5.054 4.850 3.596 3.041 1.953 1.745 42.576 EffArrR % 11.12 11.01 10.91 10.48 10.25 10.06 9.97 10.02 10.31 10.59 10.85 11.08 10.40 EffSysR % 10.50 10.46 10.41 10.00 9.78 9.60 9.51 9.57 9.83 10.09 10.30 10.51 9.91

Horizontal global irradiation Ambient Temperature Global incident in coll. plane Effective Global, corr. for IAM and shadings

Effective energy at the output of the array Energy injected into grid Effic. Eout array / rough area Effic. Eout system / rough area

PVSYST V5.62

19/09/13 Page 3/3

Grid-Connected System: Loss diagram


Project : Simulation variant :
Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV modules PV Array Inverter User's needs

Sibiu SIBIU - 20 de grade


System type tilt Model Nb. of modules Model Unlimited load (grid) Grid-Connected 20 STP 240-24/Vb 153 Ingecon Sun 30 azimuth Pnom Pnom total Pnom 0 240 Wp 36.7 kWp 30.0 kW ac

Loss diagram over the whole year

1299 kWh/m

Horizontal global irradiation +11.4% Global incident in coll. plane -3.4% IAM factor on global Effective irradiance on collectors PV conversion Array nominal energy (at STC effic.) -4.0% -5.1% -1.6% -2.1% -0.8% PV loss due to irradiance level PV loss due to temperature Module quality loss Module array mismatch loss Ohmic wiring loss Array virtual energy at MPP Inverter Loss during operation (efficiency) Inverter Loss over nominal inv. power Inverter Loss due to power threshold Inverter Loss over nominal inv. voltage Inverter Loss due to voltage threshold Available Energy at Inverter Output Energy injected into grid

1397 kWh/m * 297 m coll. efficiency at STC = 12.38% 51.34 MWh

44.69 MWh -4.7% 0.0% -0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 42.58 MWh 42.58 MWh