Code No: NR310304

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DYNAMICS OF MACHINES ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Explain the gyroscopic effect of pitching and rolling of a ship in the sea water. [6] (b) A ship is pitching through a total angle of 150 , the oscillation may be taken as simple harmonic and the complete period is 32 sec. The turbine rotor weighs 6 tones, its radius of gyration is 45 cm and it is rotating at 2400 rpm. Calculate the maximum value of gyroscopic couple set up by the rotor. ,If the rotation of the rotor is clockwise looking from left, in which direction will the bow tend to turn while falling? What is the maximum angular acceleration to which the ship is subjected while pitching? [10] 2. A petrol engine 10 cm diameter by 12.5 cm stroke has a connecting rod 25 cm long. The mass piston is 1.15 kg. The speed is 200 r.p.m. On explosion stroke with the crank 20 degrees from the top dead centre the gas pressure is 7 bar. Determine. (a) Net force on piston (b) The resultant load on the gudgeon pin. (c) The thrust on the cylinder wall. (d) The speed above which, the other things remaining the same the gudgeon pin load would be reversed in direction. [16] 3. (a) A bicycle and rider of mass 100kg are travelling at the rate of 16kmph on a level road. A brake is applied to the rear wheel which is 0.9m in diameter and this is the only resistance acting. How far will the bicycle travel and how many turns will it make before it comes to rest. The pressure applied on the brake is l00N and coefficient of friction is 0.2. (b) Can a block brake become self locking? If so derive the condition for self locking. [8+8] 4. Derive an expression for the effort to be applied on a body for moving it down the rough inclined plane when (a) effort applied is horizontal (b) effort applied is parallel to the plane. Also derive an expression for the efficiency of the inclined plane. 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: NR310304 5. (a) Derive an expression for the height of Pro ell governor.

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(b) Calculate the minimum speed of a Proell governor, which has equal arms each 200mm and are pivoted on the axis of rotation. The mass of each ball is 4kg and the central mass on the sleeve is 20kg. The extension arms of the lower links are each 60mm long and parallel to the axis when the minimum radius of the ball is 100mm. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain role of reference plane in balancing masses of rotation in different planes. (b) Explain why two balancing weights are required to balance the weights rotating in different planes, compared to single balance weight required to balance weights rotating in one plane. (c) Describe reasons in detail for partial balancing of reciprocating masses. [5+6+5] 7. (a) Distinguish reverse and direct crank methods of balancing of radial engines. (b) Distinguish balancing of inline engines and radial engines with appropriate examples [8+8] 8. (a) Derive an equation for the transverse vibration of a uniformly loaded shaft. (b) A rigid massless bar of length L is hinged at its end and carries a spring K2 with mass at its right end. The bar is also supported by a spring K1 at a distance from the left hinge. Determine the natural frequency of the bar. [8+8]

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