Code No: NR310402

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATION ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Deﬁne and account for the presence of i. Radial power ﬂow ii. Radiation resistance for a short dipole. (b) Obtain the relative amplitudes of radiation, induction and electro-static ﬁelds at a distance of 2 λ from a short current element having an uniform current of 1 mA along its length. [8+8] 2. (a) Deﬁne the terms eﬀective aperture, eﬀective length of a radiator and show that the eﬀective length of an antenna used in transmitting mode is same as used in receiving mode. (b) Deﬁne antenna beam width and directivity and obtain the relation between them. [8+8] 3. (a) Derive an array factor of an uniform linear array of N identical elements and ﬁnd the width of principal lobe in case of broad side array? (b) What are the conditions for the linear array of N isotropic elements to radiate in end ﬁre and broad side modes? [8+8] 4. (a) Explain the diﬀerence between driven and parasitic elements in an array. (b) “Most of the long wire antennas are resonant”, state true or false and explain. (c) Explain the reasons why the lengths of a traveling wave radiator is multiple of half wave lengths. [6+5+5] 5. (a) Explain the impedance relations of slot antennas and their complimentary dipoles. Hence calculate the slot antenna impedance for a complimentary thin half wave dipole case in i. Air media and ii. Medium of dielectric constant 2.25. (b) List out the frequency ranges of operation and applications of i. Loop antennas ii. Hellical antennas iii. Lens antennas.

[7+9]

6. (a) Explain the basic principles of operation in lens antennas. Hence distinguish between the diﬀerent types of lens antennas used in practice. 1 of 2

Code No: NR310402

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(b) With a neat sketch, explain the constructional features of a parabolic reﬂector and obtain an expression for its curved proﬁle. [6+10] 7. (a) A standard gain horn antenna has power gain of 14.5. This is used to measure the gain of large directional antenna by comparison method. The antenna under test is connected to the receiver and it becomes necessary to introduce an attenuator adjusted to attenuate 25dB, in order to have the same receiver output that was observed with the horn antenna connected. Find out the gain of large antenna either in dB or power ratio. (b) A paraboloid is designed for operation at 3050 MHz. Its largest aperture dimension is 6 m. For measurement of radiation pattern, what should be the minimum distance between primary and secondary antennas. Establish the relation used. [8+8] 8. (a) What are the factors that lead to fading and attenuation in ionospheric propagation. (b) Discuss the ionospheric prediction methods and their application to practical communication. [8+8]

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