# Code No: NR310804

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) For a binary gas mixture prove that JA + JB = 0.

[6]

(b) Ammonia is diﬀusing through a stagnant air ﬁlm 0.25 mm thick. The total pressure is 2.0265 × 105 N/m2 and the temperature is 50oC. Calculate the rate of diﬀusion of ammonia in kg/hr through 1 square meter surface if the concentration diﬀerence across the ﬁlm is 10% to 2% ammonia by volume. Diffusivity of ammonia in air is 0.198 × 10−4m2 /s at 0o C and 1.01325 × 105N/m2 pressure. [10] 2. (a) Derive the following relationship between individual and overall mass Transfer coeﬃcients. 1 / Ky = 1 / ky + m / kx . [10] (b) Write short notes on ﬁlm theory of mass transfer 3. Write short note on: (a) Flooding and loading (b) Pressure drop in packed towers. (c) Mass transfer coeﬃcient in packed towers 4. A coal gas has to be freed of its light oil by scrubbing with wash oil as an absorbent and the light oil recovered by stripping the resulting solution with steam. The circumstances are as follows: Absorber: Gas in, 0.250m3 /s at 26oC, pressure = 1.07 × 105N/m2 , containing 2% by volume of light oil vapors. The light oil will be assumed to be entirely benzene, and a 95% removal is required. The wash oil enters at 26o C, containing 0.005 mole fraction benzene, and has an average molecular weight of 260. An oil circulation rate of 1.5 times the minimum is to be used. Wash oil benzene solutions are ideal. The temperature will be constant at 26oC. Stripper: The solution from the absorber is to be heated to 120o C and will enter the stripper at 1 std. atm pressure. Stripping steam will be at standard atmospheric pressure, superheated to 122o C. The debenzolized oil, 0.005 mole fraction benzene, is to be cooled to 26o C and returned to the absorber. A steam rate of 1.5 times the minimum is to be used. The temperature will be constant at 122o C. Compute the oil circulation rate and the steam rate required.Vapor pressure of benzene at 120oC = 100 mm Hg, and at 122oC = 2400 mm Hg. [16] 5. An air-water mixture is at 55oC DryBulb and 1 standard atmosphere pressure with an absolute humidity of 0.03 kg water/kg dry air. Tabulate its characteristics using the humidity chart. (Humidity chart should be provided) [16] 1 of 2 [6] [6+5+5]

Code No: NR310804 6. Write short notes on: (a) Dehumidiﬁcation towers. (b) Theory of wet bulb thermometer (c) Cooling towers (d) Humidiﬁcetion equipments.

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[4x4=16]

7. A batch of solid for which the following table of data applies is to be dried from 25% to 6% moisture under conditions identical to those for which the data were tabulated. The initial weight of the wet solid is 300kg and the drying surface is 1 m2 /8kg dry weight. Determine the time for drying: X Y 0.35 0.25 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.064 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.266 0.239 0.208 0.180 0.150 0.097 0.070 0.025 [16]

Where X = kg moisture / kg dry solid N = kg moisture evaporated / hr m2

8. A rotary dryer using counter-current ﬂow is to be used to dry 10000 kg/hr of wet salt containing 5% water to a water content of 0.1%. The wet salt entry temperature is 27˚C. Ambient air at 27˚C Dry Bulb and 17˚C Wet Bulb will be heated to 130˚C in a ﬁnned tube heater using 6 bar steam as the heating medium. The heated air at 130˚C is then passed into the drier. The speciﬁc heat dry solid is 0.88 kJ/kg.K. Estimate the air and steam ﬂow rates of the drier. Assume no losses to surrounding. Data: BPR = 6K. Speciﬁc heat of water = 4.2 kJ/kg.K. Speciﬁc heat of water vapor = 2.0 kJ/kg.K. Speciﬁc heat of dry air = 1.0 kJ/kg K. Latent heat of vaporization = 2400 kJ/kg. Temperature of air leaving the drier = 50oC. Temperature of product leaving the drier = 70oC. [16]

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