# Code No: NR312002

NR

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 METROLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL (Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Diﬀerentiate between Line Standard and End Standard of measurement. Bringout suitable examples under each category. (b) Three 100 mm end bars are measured on a level comparator by ﬁrst wringing them together and comparing with a 300mm bar and then inter comparing them. The 300 mm bar has a known error of +42 µm and the three bars together measure 64 mm less than the 300 mm bar. Bar A is 18µm longer than Bar B and 23 µm longer than Bar C.Find actual length of each bar.[8+8] 2. (a) Sketch two forms of Sine bars in general use. What are the important dimensions of Sine bar and what precautions are necessary in its use ? Derive an expression for the error any in the angle set up resulting from : i. an error in the centre distance between rollers ii. error in size of roller iii. setting the Sine bar at angles more than 450 (b) How are angular measurements made ? Describe the instrument for angular measurement correct upto a few seconds. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the principle, construction and working of stylus type surface texture measuring instruments. What are the disadvantages of these instruments? Why are they widely used ? (b) The measurement of surface roughness the height of 10 successive peaks and valleys over datum line over a speciﬁed sampling length were found to be Peaks 45 42 40 35 35µm Valley 30 25 25 24 18µm Determine the ‘Rz ’ value of the surface [8+8] 4. (a) Sketch and describe the following: i. Gap Gauge ii. Snap Gauge, and iii. Position Gauge (b) i. Explain the Taylor‘s principle of limit gauging. Can this principle be strictly followed in practice. ii. Determine the limit dimensions of the gauge for checking holes of 30 ±0.02 mm diameter and sketch the limit gauge. [8+4+4]

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Code No: NR312002

NR

5. (a) Brieﬂy enumerate the advantages and limitations of a diﬀerential pneumatic comparator.Explain the basic principle of operation of a typical pneumatic measuring instrument. (b) The operation of a pressure type pneumatic comparator is represented by the equation = p/P = -0.5 (M/C) + 1.1 for 0.6> (p/P) > 0.8 (where p = pressure between the two oriﬁces, P = operating pressure, M = eﬀective area of measuring oritice, C = geometric area of the control oriﬁce). The control oriﬁce is 0.5 mm diameter and the measuring oriﬁce is 1 mm diameter hole. i. range of linear measurement ii. the pneumatic sensitivity of back pressure gauge for a supply pressure of 200KN/m2 gauge pressure. [8+8] 6. (a) Deﬁne “best wire size” ? Compute the “best wire size” for 20 mm ISO thread of 3 mm pitch. (b) What are the diﬀerent elements of a spur gear which require inspection ? Name the instruments used in the inspection of these elements with their expected accuracies ? [8+8] 7. (a) Diﬀerentiate between Quality and Inspection.Describe diﬀerent method of Inspection (b) Discuss the role of statistical quality control in modern production technology. [8+8] 8. (a) Design a single sampling plan for which the ‘Consumer’s risk’ of acceptance of 2% detective product is 0.10 and the ‘Producer Risk’ of rejection of 0.6% defective product is 0.05. Determine the values of P0.50 and ‘indiﬀerent quality’ for this sampling plan. (b) What are the advantages of adopting ISO 9000. List out summary elements of ISO 9001. Enumerate the various standards available on Total Quality Management (TQM). [8+8]

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