# Code No: NR312003

NR

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TURBO MACHINERY (Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Diﬀerentiate between compressible and uncompressible ﬂow. (b) State the fundamental equations which govern the compressible ﬂuid ﬂow. (c) Air at 1 bar 22C initially occupying a cylinder volume of 0.015m3 is compressed reversibly and adiabatically by a piston to a pressure of 6.8 bar. Calculate the ﬁnal temperature and the work done. [6+4+6] 2. (a) How is drag and lift force caused on a body immersed in a moving ﬂuid. Explain with neat sketches. (b) A ﬂat plate 2x2 m moves at 30km/hr in stationary air of density 1.15kg/m3. If the coeﬃcient of drag and lift are 0.15 and 0.75 respectively, determine: i. The lift force ii. The drag force. [8+8]

3. (a) Explain with a neat sketch the working of a centrifugal compressor and obtain an expression for the work done. (b) A centrifugal compressor delivers 50 kg of air per minute at a pressure of 2 bar and 97 C. The intake pressure and temperature of the air is 1 bar and 15 C. If no heat is lost to the surrounding, ﬁnd i. index of compression and ii. power requied if the compression is isothermal. Take R=287 J/kg K.[8+8] 4. (a) Discuss the means of improving the eﬃciency of a gas turbine working on simple Brayton cycle. (b) In a gas turbine plant, air is compressed in a single stage compressor from 1 bar to 9 bar and from an initial temperature of 300 K. The same air is then heated to a temperature of 800 K and then expanded in the turbine. The air is then reheated to a temperature of 800 K and then expanded in the second turbine. Find the maximum power that can be obtained from the installation, if the mass of air circulated per second is 2 kg. Take Cp =1.005kJ/kg K for air. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the diﬀerences between an ideal gas turbine plant and an actual gas turbine plant. (b) Determine the eﬃciency of a gas turbine plant ﬁtted with a heat exchanger of 75% eﬀectiveness. The pressure ratio is 4:1 and the compression is carried

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Code No: NR312003

NR

out in two stages of equal pressure ratio with intercooling back to initial temperature of 290K. The maximum temperature is 925K. The turbine isentropic eﬃciency is 88% and isentropic eﬃciency of each compressor is 85%. For air γ = 1.4 and Cp =1.005kJ/kg K. [8+8] 6. (a) Derive an expression for the weight of steam discharged through a nozzle. (b) Steam at a pressure of 7kg/cm2 abs and 0.9 dry enters a nozzle of throat area 1.4cm2 . It leaves this nozzle at a pressure of 1.06kg/cm2 abs. Calculate the weight of steam discharged per sec and the diameter of exit of the nozzle for maximum discharge condition. [8+8] 7. (a) What is the working principle of rocket propulsion? How does it diﬀer from jet propulsion? (b) Give the disadvantages of solid propellant rockets. (c) A turbojet engine ﬂying at a speed of 800 km/hr consumes air at the rate of 45kg/s. Calculate i. jet exit velocity, the enthalpy change for the nozzle is 44.5 kcal/kg and the velocity coeﬃcient is 0.95. ii. fuel ﬂow in kg/hr and thrust speciﬁc fuel consumption assuming that air fuel ratio is 80 iii. thermal eﬃciency of plant given combustion eﬃciency 95% and caloriﬁc value of fuel used is 10,500 kcal/kg iv. propulsive power and thrust H.P v. propulsive eﬃciency and overall eﬃciency. [6+4+6] 8. Write short notes on: (a) Mach number,Mach angle (b) Losses in ﬂow passages (c) Isentropic ﬂow (d) Pressure distribution around a cylinder. [4×4]

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