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AEIS Public Opinion Studies
Economic Insecurity: Americans’ Concerns about their Jobs, Personal Finances, Retirement, Health Costs, Housing, and More
Compiled by Karlyn Bowman, Resident Fellow, AEI and Andrew Rugg, Research Assistant (Updated December 2013)
In this AEI Public Opinion Study, we bring together existing questions from many pollsters about the subjects described in the title above to get a sense of how anxious or economically insecure Americans feel. We look here at what people say about their own lives and those of their friends and family, and not at what people say about “most Americans” or “Americans in general.” We give substantial weight to what people say about their own situations, which we feel they know best.

1

Table of Contents
Job Anxiety ....................................................................................................................................... 3 Job Security................................................................................................................................. 12 Outsourcing ................................................................................................................................. 17 Personal Financial Worries: ............................................................................................................ 19 Retirement Anxiety: ........................................................................................................................ 48 Health Cost Anxiety........................................................................................................................ 55 Housing Anxiety ............................................................................................................................. 64 Home Values ............................................................................................................................... 71 Comparative Anxiety ...................................................................................................................... 76 Crime/Terrorism Anxiety............................................................................................................ 96

2

Job Anxiety Recent polls show that views about the job situation have picked up slightly in 2013, although they remain generally below pre-recession levels. CBS News and The New York Times ask if respondents are concerned that they or a family member could be out of work and looking for a job in the next twelve months. Since the 2008 financial crisis, those saying they are "very concerned" has fluctuated between 30 and 40 percent. In the latest poll, taken June 2013, 32 percent gave that response. In April 2013, 18 percent told Gallup it was very or fairly likely that they would lose their job or be laid off in the next 12 months. In April 2013, 24 percent told ABC and Washington Post pollsters that there are "plenty of jobs available in your community." The response rate represents an improvement from late 2008 through early 2012, when responses hung around the mid-to-low teens. But it's still not as high as pre-recession responses, which hovered in 30 to 40 percent range. Concerns about reductions in benefits tend to be stronger than concern over a loss of employment. In Gallup's August 2013 poll, 29 percent said they were worried about being laid off. Forty-three percent said they were worried about their benefits being reduced. In this section, we also explore questions that ask about job security. People are more comfortable with their own job security than the broader job climate. In Gallup's latest asking, 49 percent were completely satisfied and 34 percent were somewhat satisfied with their job security. There are only a handful of questions that ask about people's individual concerns about outsourcing. What data we do have suggestions that people are not at all worried. In 2012, 11 percent of employed adults said they were worried that "your company will move jobs to countries overseas."
 Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely is it that you will lose your job or be laid off – very likely, fairly likely, not too likely or not at all likely? Very likely 3% 5 3 6 6 7 9 8 4 6 5 6 6 5 Fairly likely 10% 8 8 8 9 7 9 8 8 6 7 10 10 7 Not too likely 28% 22 18 24 24 28 28 26 35 24 22 25 25 27 Not at all likely 55% 63 66 60 60 54 49 55 53 62 65 59 59 60

Jan.–Feb. 1975 Apr. 1975 Nov. 1979 May 1980 Sep. 1980 Jun. 1982 Nov. 1982 Apr. 1983 Feb. 1989 Jul. 1990 Mar. 1991 Jul. 1991 Oct. 1991 Dec. 1993

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

3

Apr. 1996 Jun. 1997 Dec. 1998 Apr. 2001 Sep. 2001 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Dec. 2008

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup ABC/WashPost

5 4 6 5 7 3 4 8 5 6 10

9 6 7 7 6 7 8 13 10 12 11

34 26 27 36 25 32 31 40 42 35 30

52 63 60 52 62 57 57 38 42 45 48

Note: Samples are employed adults.  Do you know someone, personally, who has been laid off or fired recently, or not? Yes 50% 50 52 60 58 43 50 54 51 60 No 49% 46 47 40 42 57 50 46 49 40

Oct. 1990 Oct. 1991 Dec. 1993 Mar. 1994 Apr. 1996 Aug. 2001 Oct. 2001 Nov. 2001 Feb. 2002 Apr. 2003 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Please tell me whether you are worried or not worried about each of the following happening in the next 12 months . . . that you or your spouse will lose a job? Worried 20% 31 25 36 33 29 19 22 29 27 22 27 24 21 23 30 34 Not worried 79% 65 68 62 64 67 65 77 70 70 73 70 73 78 74 68 63

Oct. 1990^ Oct.–Nov. 1991 Dec. 1991 Jan. 1992 Jan.–Feb. 1992 Oct. 1992* Jan. 2001 Jul. 2001 Oct. 2001 Jul. 2002 Jul. 2002 Oct. 2002 Dec. 2002 Jan. 2004 Jan.–Feb. 2008 Jan. 2011 Jan. 2012

Gallup/Newsweek Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today Gallup

Note: *Asked of registered voters. ^Very and somewhat categories combined. Samples are national adults.  As a result of what’s happening in the economy these days, please tell me whether or not you are worried about the following—a major wage earner in your family losing a job? Are you worried about this, or not? Yes, worried 44% 32 34 43 49 No, not worried 48% 58 60 55 44

Oct. 1991 May 2003 Nov. 2003 Feb. 2004 Sep. 2010*

PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek

4

Note: *Question wording read “. . . in your household. . .”  How many jobs do you have now? One job 84% 85 85 86 85 83 Two jobs or more 16% 15 15 14 15 17

Jun. 1991 Jul. 1996 Aug. 1999 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2005 

Gallup Newsweek Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Thinking now about job opportunities where you live, would you say there are plenty of jobs available in your community or are jobs difficult to find? Plenty of jobs available 12% 16 15 42 31 24 27 31 30 34 31 32 30 36 33 37 40 39 39 36 41 34 34 30 31 25 19 11 14 12 10 14 14 14 16 24 25 24 Jobs are difficult to find 79% 77 76 44 59 66 60 59 57 55 52 58 60 56 56 56 49 48 49 50 48 53 53 61 58 64 73 80 79 84 85 79 79 82 78 70 68 67

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Jun. 2001 Jun. 2002 Oct. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 Apr. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sep. 2004 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Oct. 2005 Jan. 2006 Mar. 2006 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2007 Jun. 2007 Sep. 2007 Nov. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Sep.–Oct. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Dec. 2010 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2011 Jan. 2012 Apr. 2012 Oct. 2012 * Apr. 2013 

US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew ABC/Washington Post PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew ABC/Washington Post PSRA/Pew ABC/Washington Post ABC/Washington Post ABC/Washington Post

How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will lose their job in the next year? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not very concerned Not at all concerned

5

Dec. 1994* Jul. 1995* Mar. 1996 May 1996 Apr. 2003 May 2003 Jul. 2003 Aug. 2003 Sep. 2003 Jan. 2004

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

21% 26 27 27 20 25 25 22 26 21

17% 17 22 21 19 20 21 19 18 18

20% 17 19 22 22 24 21 31 22 20

40% 39 30 29 37 32 32 36 33 39

Note: *Question wording, “How much do you worry that you or someone else in your household will be laid off—a lot, some, only a little or not at all?”  How concerned are you that in the next 12 months you or someone else in your household might be out of work and looking for a job–very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not concerned at all? Not concerned at all 48% 41 45 44 53 61 53 51 43 45 50 56 49 38 39 38 27 35 39 30 42 35 30 38 42 43 34 33 41 37 37 35 45 41 39 29 37 36 38 37 34 40 41

Oct. 2002 Apr. 2004 Jun. 2004 Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Jun. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Feb. 2008 Mar.–Apr. 2008 Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2008 (late) Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Feb. 2009 (late) Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2009 June 2009 Jul. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sep. 2009 Nov. 2009 (early) Nov. 2009 (mid) Dec. 2009 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 (early) Apr. 2010 (late) May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Oct. 2010 (late) Jan. 2011 (early) Jan. 2011 (mid) Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS /NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/ CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS

Very concerned 31% 33 28 30 22 20 21 22 29 28 24 21 23 35 33 30 44 38 30 44 32 36 40 36 30 28 35 29 31 36 36 34 28 32 31 40 40 35 36 37 41 33 31

Somewhat concerned 20% 25 27 26 24 18 25 27 27 26 25 23 28 26 26 32 28 26 30 26 26 28 29 26 28 28 30 34 26 26 26 30 26 25 29 30 22 29 26 25 25 26 27

6

Jun. 2011 (mid) Jun. 2011 (late) Sep. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012 (early) Jan. 2012 (mid) Feb. 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Dec. 2012 Feb. 2013 Mar. 2013 Jun. 2013 

CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS CBS/NYT

30 31 38 32 34 36 38 39 33 36 30 34 32 32

25 29 25 27 28 28 27 27 29 25 26 24 31 29

44 39 37 40 38 35 35 33 37 37 43 41 36 38

Next, please indicate whether you are worried about each of the following happening to you, personally, in the near future. How about . . . ? Gallup That you will be laid off Worried 20% 19 20 15 17 14 15 31 26 30 28 29 Not worried 80% 81 79 84 82 85 85 68 73 70 71 71

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

That your hours at work will be cut back Worried 15% 15 14 13 16 12 14 27 25 30 26 25 Not worried 85% 84 86 87 83 87 85 72 73 69 73 75

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

That your wages will be reduced Worried 17% 17 17 14 19 14 16 Not worried 83% 82 83 86 80 86 83

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

7

Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

32 26 33 28 31

67 74 66 71 69

That your benefits will be reduced Worried 34% 31 28 28 30 29 27 46 39 44 40 43 Not worried 66% 67 69 69 67 68 70 52 58 54 58 54

Aug. 1997 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

That your company will move jobs to countries overseas Worried 9% 11 12 11 10 8 10 8 13 11 11 Not worried 89% 89 88 86 88 91 88 91 86 87 87

Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Note: Sample is employed adults, full or part-time.  If you were to lose your job, how likely is it that you would find a job just as good as the one you have now—very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? Very likely 35% 37 29 34 16 Somewhat likely 29% 33 31 30 26 Not too likely 24% 23 23 21 30 Not at all likely 11% 7 16 15 27

Feb. 2001 Apr. 2001 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2010

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Note: Samples are employed adults.  Now looking ahead at the next six months. How likely is it that you, someone in your family or someone else you know personally will lose their job in the next six months as a result of econ omic conditions?… Extremely likely, very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, not at all likely Extremely likely 7% 7 7 7 Very likely 12% 13 12 11 Somewhat likely 30% 31 29 28 Not very likely 32% 32 33 34 Not at all likely 18% 16 18 18

Jan. 2002 Feb. 2002 Mar. 2002 Apr. 2002

Ipsos-Reid Ipsos -Reid Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook

8

May 2002 Jun. 2002 Jul. 2002 Aug. 2002 Sep. 2002 Oct. 2002 Nov. 2002 Dec. 2002 Jan. 2003 Feb. 2003 Mar. 2003 Apr. 2003 May 2003 Jun. 2003 Jul. 2003 Aug. 2003 Sep. 2003 Oct. 2003 Nov. 2003 Dec. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 Mar. 2004 May 2004 Jun. 2004 Jul. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Nov. 2004 Jan. 2005 Feb. 2005 Mar. 2005 Apr. 2005 May 2005 Jun. 2005 Jul. 2005 Aug. 2005 Sep. 2005 Oct. 2005 Nov. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Feb. 2006 Mar. 2006 Apr. 2006 May 2006 Jun. 2006 Jul. 2006 Aug. 2006 Sep. 2006 Nov. 2006 Dec. 2006 Jan. 2007 Feb. 2007 Mar. 2007 May 2007 Jun. 2007 Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007

Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook Ipsos -Reid/Cook AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos

6 7 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 9 9 8 8 7 7 8 8 7 7 7 7 8 6 8 8 6 6 7 6 8 6 6 9 7 6 7 6 8 7 7 7 8 8 8 7 6 9 6 7 4 6 7 6 5 5 8 8 4 6 5 6 5

11 13 11 11 12 13 13 14 14 13 13 13 13 12 15 13 13 12 12 11 12 12 13 13 10 11 12 9 10 11 12 13 10 12 13 12 12 11 12 10 11 13 11 11 12 11 13 10 8 10 12 10 10 11 8 11 10 10 12 12 11 12

28 30 32 31 29 31 30 30 30 30 28 29 30 32 32 32 32 31 30 32 29 28 30 31 29 28 30 28 30 27 31 29 26 26 26 29 31 29 29 29 24 26 32 27 26 29 27 26 29 31 27 27 27 25 28 25 24 29 30 25 32 26

35 31 31 31 29 30 30 31 30 28 29 31 32 31 29 30 28 30 30 32 33 31 31 29 31 34 33 33 37 31 32 32 34 31 33 30 31 34 32 31 35 31 32 33 33 33 30 34 33 33 31 33 36 34 34 31 35 32 30 33 29 33

19 18 17 18 20 16 15 14 16 17 17 17 15 17 15 16 17 18 19 17 17 20 19 18 21 20 18 23 16 22 18 19 20 22 21 21 18 17 18 21 22 21 15 20 21 20 20 23 22 20 23 21 20 24 23 23 21 23 20 23 20 21

9

Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Sep.2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 

RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBS/Ipsos RBS/Ipsos RBS/Ipsos

8 5 6 8 7 6 7 8 9 8 11 9 11 11 15 14 12 11 9 13 9 9 8

11 10 12 16 14 14 17 18 15 15 18 18 21 22 27 25 24 18 20 16 16 16 18

29 32 32 30 33 32 33 29 31 30 35 34 35 33 33 37 35 36 41 38 37 44 37

29 33 29 26 28 28 23 28 28 27 21 24 19 21 18 15 19 25 21 22 26 21 26

21 18 18 19 15 17 17 14 14 19 14 12 10 10 5 7 7 9 8 9 11 8 10

How confident are you that you can continue to work for your company for the next 12 months – extremely confident, very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not at all confident? Extremely confident 47% 44 26 38 42 45 Very confident 32% 34 34 38 33 32 Somewhat confident 15% 14 29 14 16 16 Not too confident 3% 4 5 6 5 3 Not at all confident 2% 3 4 5 3 3

Apr. 2002 May 2002 Jun. 2002 Jul. 2002 Aug. 2002 May 2003

Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS Gallup/UBS

Note: Samples are employed adults.  How concerned are you about losing your job? Very concerned 28% 11 22 Extremely concerned 14% 7 19 Somewhat concerned 14% 9 12 Very concerned 15% 13 18 Not very concerned 13% 17 19 Not very concerned 22% 26 25 Not concerned 35% 47 40 Not at all concerned 39% 41

Apr. 2003 May 2003 Jun. 2004

Fox News Fox News Fox News

Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Sep. 2010 29

Fox News Fox News Fox News

Note: Sample is national registered voters.  How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will lose their job in the next year? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 24% Somewhat concerned 19% Not too concerned 19% Not concerned at all 34%

Apr. 2004

ABC/Wash Post

10

If you were to lose your job, would you or would you not be concerned about having to file for bankruptcy? MetLife/Strategy First Partners/Penn, Schoen, & Berland Concerned 59% Not concerned 41%

Jan. 2009 Note: Asked of people who are employed 

For each of the following, please indicate whether it has happened to you in the last six months, whether you are worried it might happen to you in the near future, or if you are not worried about it happening to you in the foreseeable future. How about ______? Jan.–Feb. 2009 Gallup Happened to me in the last six months Having your hours at work cut back, including including being furloughed Having your benefits reduced Having your wages reduced Being laid off Your company moving jobs to countries overseas 12% 9 8 2 2 Worried about it happening 24% 31 24 29 8 Not worried 64% 59 68 68 88

Thinking beyond your own household, do you have any close friends or immediate family members who have had work hours or pay cut? Yes 60% 66 No 38% 33

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will be laid off or lose their job in the next few months – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not so concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 23% 25 Somewhat concerned 24% 21 Not so concerned 21% 18 Not concerned at all 33% 36

Feb. 2009 Sep. 2009

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: Asked if someone in household is employed.  How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will have work hours or pay cut in the next few months – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not so concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 26% 28 Somewhat concerned 27% 24 Not so concerned 16% 17 Not concerned at all 31% 30

Feb. 2009 Sep. 2009 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

In the last 12 months, as a result of bad economic conditions, have your salary or wages been reduced, or not? Yes 31% 30 27 No 69% 70 73

Jul. 2010 Jan. 2011 Oct. 2011 

CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Is now a good time or a bad time to find a quality job? Good time 17% 15 11 Bad time 81% 82 86

Apr. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011

Gallup Gallup Gallup

11

Jul. 2011 Aug. 2011 Sep. 2011 Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012 Feb. 2012 Mar. 2012 Apr. 2012 May 2012 Jun. 2012 Jul. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012 Nov. 2012 Dec. 2012 Jan. 2013 Feb. 2013 Mar. 2013 Apr. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

10 13 9 10 8 12 15 13 19 21 19 20 17 17 20 22 24 19 25 23 22 26

88 86 89 88 90 87 81 85 78 77 80 78 81 81 76 73 73 76 70 73 74 71

Lost a Job
 In the last twelve months, has any adult in your household been out of work and actively looking for a job? Yes 29% 29 25 29 No 71% 71 74 70

Aug. 2002 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jan. 2011 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Do you, personally, know anyone who has been laid off or lost their job within the last six months, or not? Yes 63% 60 55 53 50 54 68 No 37% 40 45 46 50 46 31

Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2012 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

As far as you know, in the past six months, has your employer laid off any employees, or not? Yes 34% 26 27 30 No 64% 72 71 70

Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2008 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Over the past 12 months, has there been a time when you or someone in your household has been without a job and looking for work, or not? Yes 31% 28 35 39 No 69% 71 65 61

May 2005 Jan.–Feb. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

12

Sep.–Oct. 2009 Mar. 2010 Aug. 2010 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Dec. 2010 Feb. 2011 

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

42 54 44 38 44 46 51

58 45 56 60 56 53 48

As far as you know, in the past six months, has your employer laid off any employees, or not? Jun.–Jul. 2006 Yes 26% No 71%

PSRA/Pew

Were you laid off from your main job at any time in the past two years? Jun.–Jul. 2006 Yes 8% No 91%

PSRA/Pew

About how long were you out of work? Less than 3 months 34% Between 3 and 6 months 23% Between 6 months and 1 year 16% More than 1 year 15% Still out of work now 9%

Note: Based on those adults who were laid off. Overall, would you say the new job you took during this period offered wages and benefits that were better, worse, or about the same as the previous job? Better 25% Worse 28% About the same 37%

Note: Based on those adults who were laid off and now are employed.  Do you, personally, know anyone who has been laid off or lost their job within the last three months? Jan.–Feb. 2008  Yes 38% No 62%

Gallup/USA Today

In the last few years have you or has anyone living in your household been laid off or lost their job? Yes 18% 18 23 27 30 34 29 35 No 82% 82 77 73 70 65 71 65

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 April 2009* Sep. 2009* Nov. 2009 Dec. 2010 Jul. 2011** May 2012

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: *April 2009 and earlier question wording read “in the last few months”. **July 2011 wording and earlier read “in the last few months.”  In the last few months have you or has anyone living in your household had work hours or pay cut? Yes 27% 26 35 41 No 73% 73 65 59

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Sep. 2009*

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

13

Note: *Wording was changed to “In the last year…”  Please tell me whether any of the following have been laid off or lost a job in the last six months? Jan.–Feb. 2009 Gallup Yes, lost a job 52% 36 19 No 47% 64 81

A more distant relative or friend A close friend or immediate family member such as parent, child, brother or sister. You or another person living in your household 

Thinking of the last six months, that is since ___ of last year, have you or someone in your family lost a job as a result of economic conditions or not? Yes, self 10% 8 7 8 5 8 9 9 7 8 6 8 7 6 6 7 6 8 6 7 6 5 8 5 4 Yes, family 25% 25 21 21 26 20 21 22 28 23 23 21 29 25 25 16 18 27 22 23 18 25 18 19 20 No 65% 62 70 65 65 70 66 66 63 67 69 69 61 67 68 76 72 62 70 67 74 69 72 75 75

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jul. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Jan. 2011 Mar. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Aug. 2011 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Feb. 2012 

Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper

And thinking of the last 6 months – that is, since ______ of this year – has someone you know personally, other than a family member, lost a job as a result of economic conditions or not? Yes 65% 67 60 64 66 65 66 69 71 64 64 63 70 65 65 No 35% 33 39 34 32 34 34 30 29 35 36 36 29 35 35

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jul. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010

Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper

14

Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Jan. 2011 Mar. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Aug. 2011 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Feb. 2012 

Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper

54 55 65 60 62 57 60 59 58 54

46 44 35 40 38 43 40 41 42 46

Thinking beyond your own household, do you have any close friends or immediate family members who have been laid off or lost their job? Yes 60% 63 72 71 71 No 40% 36 28 29 29

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Dec. 2010 Jul. 2011 May 2012 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Thinking of the last 6 months- that is, since _____ of last year – have you or has someone in your family lost a job as a result of economic conditions or not? Yes (self lost job) Yes(someone in family) Roper 7% 21% Roper 8 21 Ap-GfK/Roper 7 29 Ap-GfK/Roper 6 25 Ap-GfK/Roper 6 25 Ap-GfK/Roper 7 16 Ap-GfK/Roper 6 18 Ap-GfK/Roper 8 27 Ap-GfK/Roper 6 22 Ap-GfK/Roper 7 23 Ap-GfK/Roper 6 18 Ap-GfK/Roper 6 18 Ap-GfK/Roper 5 25 Ap-GfK/Roper 8 18 Ap-GfK/Roper 5 19 Ap-GfK/Roper 4 20 Both 1% 1 4 2 1 1 3 4 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 No 70% 69 61 67 68 76 72 62 70 67 74 74 69 72 75 75

May 2009 May 2010 June 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Jan. 2011 Mar. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2011 Aug. 2011 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Feb. 2012

Job Security
 Now I’ll read a list of job characteristics. For each, please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your curren t job in this regard. First, are you completely satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or completely dissatisfied with your job security? Gallup ----------------------------------------------------Job security---------------------------------------------------------Completely satisfied Somewhat satisfied Somewhat dissatisfied Completely dissatisfied 45% 42% 8% 3% 35 44 12 7 46 33 9 11 52 35 6 6 48 33 11 7 54 30 8 7 55 30 7 7 48 35 7 8 54 28 11 6 52 31 9 7

1989 1991 1993 1998 1999 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

15

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

55 56 55 50 51 49 49 51

29 31 31 30 33 33 34 31

10 6 8 10 7 10 10 11

5 6 5 8 7 8 5 6

Note: Asked of those employed full time.  How would you rate the financial condition of the company or organization that employs you? Would you say it is in excellent financial shape, good shape, only fair shape or in poor shape? Excellent 22% 25 23 27 31 30 22 20 15 18 23 23 Good 39% 40 40 38 39 39 44 43 43 42 41 40 Fair 24% 22 26 23 20 21 25 27 29 27 27 25 Poor 12% 11 9 10 7 6 5 8 10 10 7 11

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Oct. 1992 Jun. 2001 Feb. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Oct. 2009 Dec. 2010 Jun. 2011 

U.S. News U.S. News U.S. News U.S. News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Let me read you several elements relating to the current economy. For each one, please tell me whether it is an area in which you feel very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied …your current job security? NBC/WSJ -------------------------------------------------Current job security---------------------------------------------------Very satisfied Somewhat satisfied Somewhat dissatisfied Very dissatisfied 36% 37% 14% 12% 38 37 12 12 37 39 10 13 36 38 13 12 37 40 12 11 38 36 12 13 41 37 10 11 40 38 11 10 45 33 10 11 46 35 9 9 35 35 14 15 32 36 13 17 30 30 15 24 36 30 16 17 33 34 14 18 33 32 15 19 35 29 15 20 35 32 13 18

Mar. 1996 Jun. 1996 Sep. 1996 Dec. 1996 Mar. 1997 Jun. 1997 Sep. 1997 Dec. 1997 Dec. 1998 Apr. 2000* Jan. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sep. 2009 Dec. 2009 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Jan. 2011

Note: Asked of those employed. *Asked of registered voters.  Now I'll read a list of job characteristics. For each, please tell me how satisfied you are with your current job in this regard. Are you completely satisfied, mostly satisfied, mostly dissatisfied, or completely dissatisfied with . . . your job security? Completely satisfied 39% Somewhat satisfied 46% Somewhat dissatisfied 10% Completely dissatisfied 4%

Jun.–Jul. 2006

PSRA/Pew

16

How secure do you feel in your current job? Very secure 48% 47 44 45 45 48 43 50 41 48 42 43 43 42 44 42 37 37 Fairly secure 21% 18 20 20 20 17 21 23 20 17 24 21 22 19 20 24 26 23 Not very secure 4% 3 3 5 4 3 7 5 7 4 3 5 5 6 5 6 3 6 Not at all secure 6% 4 3 2 5 1 6 6 8 5 6 4 4 6 3 7 4 8

Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 

Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby

Are you or are you not concerned about losing your job in the next year as a result of the current economic situation? Concerned 56% Not concerned 44%

Jan. 2009

Metlife Strategy First Partners/Penn, Schoen, & Berland

Note: Asked of people who are employed  In the last 12 months would you say you have felt more secure and confident that you can continue in your job as long as you want, or less secure and confident, or has there been no change? More 14% Less 37% No change 47%

Jul. 2010

CBS

Outsourcing
 Next, please indicate whether you are worried or not about each of the following happening to you, personally, in the near future. How about that your company will move jobs to countries overseas? Worried 9% 11 12 11 10 9 10 8 13 11 11 Not worried 89% 89 88 86 88 81 88 91 86 87 87

Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Note: Samples are employed adults.  How concerned are you, that you, or a friend, or relative, might lose a job because the employer is moving that job to a foreign country—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, not at all concerned? Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not too concerned Not at all concerned

17

Mar. 2004 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup

30%

17%

18%

34%

Think about some issues that are happening in the world that could impact things here in America. Of the following list of issues, which one concerns you the most? Mar. 2006 NPR 26% 23 21 14 11

Global economic competition and the outsourcing of American jobs Continuing Iraq war and violence between religious groups Iran resisting international pressure and working to develop nuclear weapons Illegal immigration into the United States Foreign ownership of US port operations and lack of attention to homeland security Note: Asked of likely voters. 

What role, if any, do you think decisions by American companies to relocate jobs to other countries has played in the high unemployment of the past few years? Major role 67% Minor role 28% No role at all 4%

Nov.–Dec. 2010 

AllState/National Journal

How worried are you about the outsourcing of jobs to other countries—very worried, fairly worried, slightly worried, or not worried at all? Very worried 63% Fairly worried 14% Slightly worried 12% Not worried at all 10%

Sep. 2011 

Time/Abt SRBI

In your view, what is the most important thing that could be done to improve the U.S. economy? Jul. 2012 Gallup 28% 11 9 8 7 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 * *

Create More/Better Jobs Decrease taxes/ Improve tax breaks Less outsourcing of jobs/ Bring jobs back home Improve the government Balance the national budget/ Control spending Need a new president Offer more small business incentives Better education Less welfare/ Less entitlements Keep rising costs down/ Lower inflation Improve infrastructure More economic stimulus spending Better healthcare system Address energy issues/ Alternative fuel/ Less dependency on foreign oil Regulate corporate corruption and greed Keep money at home/ Take care of U.S. first Fix the trade imbalance Increase minimum wage Keep the cost of fuel under control End the wars Control illegal immigration Improve foreign relations Control interest rates Note: *Less than 0.5%

18

Which of the following do you think is most likely to prevent today's kids from moving up the income ladder?...The recession and general weakness in the American economy, goods and services will be too expensive, today's kids do not have the proper work ethic or values, government debt will be too large, too many American jobs have moved overseas, too many kids have not gotten a good education Mar. 2011 Pew/Mellman Group/Public Opinion Strategies ----Adults/Parents who say kids/young people will find it hard to move up income ladder----Too many American jobs have moved overseas Too many kids have not gotten a good education The recession and general weakness in the American economy Today's kids do not have the proper work ethic or values Government debt will be too large Goods and services will be too expensive 22% 18 17 17 15 4

Note: Asked of those who said their own kids/young people under the age of 18 years old will find it somewhat/much harder to move up the income ladder (72%).

Personal Financial Worries: In this section we look at how Americans evaluate their present financial situation, their past financial difficulties, and their future financial fortunes. We also examine questions that ask Americans if they have enough money to make ends meet, or are they falling behind? Different questions produce slightly different impressions of how Americans feel about their personal finances. But certain trends emerge from the questions listed in this section. Most people aren't overly optimistic or pessimistic when it comes to their finances. People tend to avoid describing their situation is "excellent", "very good", "very poor", or "very bad." Most will say they're doing okay or fair. For example, in Pew's four-part question, when it comes to rating their own personal financial situation, most say they are doing "good" (33 percent in the latest asking) or "only fair" (39 percent). Fewer tell pollsters that their situation is "excellent" (7 percent) or poor (20 percent). Allstate and the National Journal ask people how much they have to cover their needs. In the latest asking, a plurality of 47 percent said they have enough to get by every month but "find it difficult to save and invest, whether for retirement or other purposes." Twenty-seven percent said they can live comfortably and save, while 21 percent said they find it F. When pollsters ask people if their financial situation will get better or worse, most chose the third option–things are likely to stay the same. In March of 2013, Marist updated their trend using the better/worse/same schema. A plurality of 48 percent expected their financial situation to stay about the same in the coming year. Twenty-six percent said they expected it to get better, while the same number expected it to get worse.

19

Despite the hardships, Americans are optimistic. When asked by ABC and The Washington Post to think about the next twelve months, 66 percent were optimistic in the May 2013 asking about their family's financial situation. Twenty-nine percent were pessimistic. The 2008 recession had little impact on most of the trends in this section. Instead, many of the attitudes about personal financial concerns fluctuate within consistent and narrow ranges.

Rating your current situation
 How would you rate your own personal financial situation? Would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape financially? Excellent 4% 4 5 6 4 5 5 8 8 7 6 7 9 9 7 6 7 5 7 7 10 8 10 9 9 10 7 7 9 9 8 8 10 9 10 9 8 8 9 6 6 7 5 7 6 Good 32% 35 30 34 33 34 41 39 47 43 43 41 43 38 42 38 40 40 39 38 43 38 38 41 42 41 37 39 39 40 40 41 38 41 39 36 39 35 33 35 32 35 33 39 32 Only fair 45% 45 47 40 46 45 40 38 34 38 41 40 35 36 37 39 37 37 37 39 31 37 36 34 34 34 39 37 36 33 35 36 34 34 34 37 34 39 37 40 40 37 41 35 39 Poor 18% 15 17 19 16 15 13 14 10 11 9 11 11 15 14 16 16 16 16 15 12 16 15 15 14 14 16 15 15 16 16 14 16 15 15 16 17 16 19 18 21 20 20 16 22

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Oct. 1992 Jan. 1993 Dec. 1993 Mar. 1994 Feb. 1995 Sep. 1996* May 1997 Aug. 1999 Mar. 2000 Jun. 2000 Dec. 2000 Mar. 2001 Jun. 2001 Sep. 2001 Jun. 2002 Oct. 2002 Jan. 2003 Mar. 2003 May 2003 Sep. 2003 Nov. 2003 Aug. 2004 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Jan. 2006 Mar. 2006 Oct. 2006 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2007 Sep. 2007 Nov. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009

US News US News US News PSRA/US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Pew PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Pew PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

20

Aug. 2009 Sep.–Oct. 2009 Oct.–Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug.–Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Dec. 2010 Feb. 2011 Mar.–Apr. 2011 Jun. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012 Jun. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 Jun. 2013

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

6 6 5 7 6 6 6 6 5 7 7 5 6 6 7 8 8 7 6 7

31 32 30 28 31 32 30 33 30 29 29 33 32 29 34 35 35 32 32 33

36 38 40 39 39 38 40 36 40 41 36 40 37 42 38 36 36 38 41 39

26 22 25 24 22 20 23 23 23 22 26 21 24 22 21 20 20 22 21 20

Note: *Asked of registered voters.  For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. I’m pretty well satisfied with the way things are going for me financially? Satisfied 63% 65 62 58 57 58 58 64 65 68 66 63 61 53 Not satisfied 35% 34 37 41 42 41 41 35 35 31 33 35 38 45

May 1987 May 1988 Feb. 1989 May 1990 Nov. 1991 Jun. 1992 May 1993 Jul. 1994 Nov. 1997 Sep. 1999 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Dec. 2006Jan. 2007 April 2009

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: In the Dec. 2006–Jan. 2007 poll, 81 percent of Republicans were satisfied while 54 percent of Democrats and independents were satisfied. Responses are combined.  How would you rate the financial situation in your household these days? Is it very good, fairly good, fairly bad, or very bad? Very good 12% 14 12 14 18 9 13 15 10 12 10 13 Fairly good 69% 70 64 69 60 63 61 56 63 55 56 56 Fairly bad 13% 11 17 13 15 20 19 20 19 21 21 20 Very bad 5% 4 5 4 6 7 7 8 8 11 12 11

Nov. 1988 Oct. 1990 Jul. 2006 Apr. 2007 Feb. 2008 Mar.–Apr. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Dec. 2009

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

21

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Feb. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010 Mar. 2011 Jun. 2011 (early) Jun. 2011 (late) Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS

12 10 9 9 10 10 11 8 10 11 11 8

55 56 58 64 59 56 54 61 55 65 59 60

21 21 24 16 23 25 25 20 24 18 23 22

11 12 8 9 7 8 10 10 11 6 7 9

Would you describe the state of your personal finances these days as secure or shaky? Very secure 13% 11 11 13 13 13 9 9 10 11 10 11 10 14 12 12 13 11 13 13 14 15 15 18 22 16 13 21 19 10 15 15 16 15 17 18 15 15 19 17 16 13 13 14 13 Fairly secure 55% 54 52 49 54 51 48 52 50 52 50 50 51 49 57 55 54 54 54 55 51 59 57 62 57 61 55 54 58 55 51 50 54 47 55 48 53 56 45 49 51 44 48 46 42 Fairly shaky 20% 22 22 22 19 21 24 23 23 19 23 23 24 23 16 21 19 20 18 18 19 16 17 13 13 14 18 16 16 21 21 22 15 21 15 18 18 16 22 17 19 21 20 18 23 Very shaky 11% 11 14 15 12 13 18 14 16 17 16 15 14 12 13 11 12 13 14 12 14 8 10 6 6 8 12 7 7 13 12 12 15 16 12 13 13 12 13 13 12 16 17 19 19

Apr. 1991 Sep. 1991 Nov. 1991 Feb. 1992 Mar. 1992 Jul. 1992 Jan. 1993 Feb. 1993 Jun. 1993 Sep. 1993 Dec. 1993 Jan. 1994 Apr. 1994 Jul. 1994 Oct. 1994 Jan. 1995 Mar. 1995 Oct. 1995 Aug. 1996 Oct. 1996 Sep. 1997 Jan. 1999 May 2000 Jul. 2000 Aug. 2000 Sep. 2000 Mar. 2001 Nov. 2001 Feb. 2002 Aug. 2002 Dec. 2002 Feb. 2003 Jan. 2005 Jan. 2006 Mar. 2006 Jun. 2006 Dec. 2006 Jan. 2007 Apr. 2007 Nov. 2007 Jan. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008

LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg LA Times/Bloomberg

22

Note: All askings prior to Jan. 2006 were done solely by the LA Times. The LA Times and Bloomberg began asking the question together in Jan. 2006. Since then all askings have been done jointly by LA Times/Bloomberg with the exception of the Jun. 2006 asking which was also done solely by the Times.  Now I’m going to read a few more pairs of statements. Again, just tell me whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views—even if neither is exactly right. The first pair…I’m generally satisfied with the way things are going for me financially, or I’m not very satisfied with my financial situation. Do you feel strongly about that, or not? Generally more satisfied 36% 29 37 35 59 47 Not very satisfied 63% 68 59 62 40 51

Jul. 1994 Aug. 1999 Sep. 2000 Dec. 2004 Oct. 2006 Apr.–May 2011

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: Samples are adults employed full or part-time.  How satisfied are you with your own financial situation today—are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied with your financial situation? Very satisfied 13% 16 17 16 19 20 26 25 22 21 25 21 19 16 18 17 19 21 17 15 15 14 17 12 Somewhat satisfied 48% 50 48 50 49 51 52 51 50 53 51 50 50 47 40 44 50 46 42 41 35 44 47 43 Somewhat dissatisfied 24% 21 20 20 17 16 17 13 18 14 13 17 19 24 23 21 18 17 20 22 23 22 21 23 Very dissatisfied 14% 12 14 13 14 12 7 10 10 11 10 11 12 13 19 17 13 16 21 22 26 19 14 22

Dec. 1994 Dec. 1996 Mar. 1997 Jun. 1997 Sep. 1997 Dec. 1997 Sep. 1998 Dec. 1998 Sep. 1999 Nov. 1999 Apr. 2000* Jan. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jul. 2002 Nov. 2002* Dec. 2002 Jan. 2004 Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008* Jan. 2009 Feb.–Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jan. 2012 Jan. 2013

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

Note: *Asked of registered voters.  How would you rate your personal financial situation – excellent, good, only fair, or poor? Excellent 9% 9 5 7 14 14 13 Good 46% 48 39 40 48 48 45 Only fair 33% 29 38 37 27 25 30 Poor 10% 12 16 13 10 11 10

Apr. 2003 Jun.–Jul. 2003 Sep. 2003 Nov. 2003 Mar. 2004 Jun. 2004 Aug. 2004

Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News

23

Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 Apr. 2006 Jan. 2008 Apr. 2009 

Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News

15 16 7 8 10 11 8

44 47 43 40 36 45 37

27 27 35 34 35 32 38

10 8 13 16 17 12 15

For you and your family, does it feel like the economy is getting better or worse? Better 35% 44 36 31 21 22 37 36 42 31 Worse 45% 34 41 49 56 53 43 38 45 55 Same 18% 19 21 17 20 23 19 24 12 13

Oct. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 May 2004 Apr. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2009 May 2010 Oct. 2012 Feb. 2013

Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News

Note: Samples are registered voters. “The same” responses are volunteered.  Rate your current financial situation, using a scale from 1 to 7, where 7 means your personal financial situation is very strong today and 1 means it is very weak. Very strong Seven 11% 9 8 10 8 11 10 10 11 10 10 14 12 11 10 9 11 11 10 12 8 11 11 10 13 11 11 9 11 9 11 10 10 Very weak One 9% 9 9 11 9 9 9 8 11 11 9 9 10 10 10 10 6 10 9 8 10 10 9 11 11 10 11 10 12 13 10 14 16

Sep. 2005 Oct. 2006 Nov. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Feb. 2006 Mar. 2006 Apr. 2006 May 2006 Jun. 2006 Jul. 2006 Aug. 2006 Sep. 2006 Nov. 2006 Dec. 2006 Jan. 2007 Feb. 2007 Mar. 2007 Apr. 2007 May 2007 Jun. 2007 Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May–Jun. 2008 Jun. 2008

RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos

Six 17% 14 17 15 18 17 16 14 14 17 16 13 21 16 14 16 18 15 16 19 14 13 15 17 15 15 15 16 15 16 14 13 12

Five 25% 29 29 30 30 29 31 29 30 29 28 30 26 29 27 29 30 28 28 29 30 27 30 25 26 27 28 27 25 26 25 24 23

Four 20% 21 18 18 16 19 17 20 18 15 18 16 19 18 20 16 16 21 18 15 20 22 19 19 18 20 18 18 17 16 18 20 16

Three 11% 12 12 10 13 8 10 13 10 12 12 11 7 11 14 13 11 11 12 11 11 10 9 9 10 10 10 11 15 13 15 11 14

Two 6% 5 6 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 3 4 4 5 7 3 6 4 6 5 5 6 6 6 5 6 4 5 6 6 7

24

Jul.–Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Jul.–Aug. 2009 Aug. 2009 Oct. 2009 Oct.–Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Jan.–Feb. 2010 Feb. 2010 

RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos RBC/Ipsos

9 12 11 9 9 8 7 10 8 10 9 9 8 9 9 9 8 12 11 10

14 13 14 12 12 12 11 11 15 15 9 11 13 12 13 11 13 14 11 15

25 23 26 26 23 24 24 24 26 25 23 25 25 24 29 28 27 25 23 27

18 19 19 19 18 17 17 19 19 16 23 20 20 15 21 18 17 17 19 17

13 15 11 15 13 14 14 14 12 13 15 14 13 16 11 15 14 10 14 10

5 5 6 6 8 7 8 8 6 8 6 7 10 7 5 5 7 7 5 6

14 12 12 13 15 16 17 12 11 11 12 13 8 15 11 13 11 15 16 14

Do you think your family’s financial situation is getting better, getting worse, or staying about the same? Getting better 18% 23 Getting worse 25% 28 Staying about the same 56% 48

Jul. 2006 Mar.–Apr. 2008 

CBS CBS

Which best describes your current financial situation? Are you: getting ahead, just able to pay most bills, or falling behind? Getting ahead 31% 41 23 27 26 Just able to pay most bills 51% 45 57 54 54 Falling behind 15% 11 17 17 18

Apr. 2007 Dec. 2007 Sep. 2008 Sep. 2009 Jul. 2010 

Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News

How would you rate your own personal financial situation? Excellent 14% 12 12 10 10 11 12 12 9 9 7 11 8 8 10 7 8 7 Good 43% 48 44 45 45 44 40 44 37 44 39 39 41 39 43 40 40 41 Fair 32% 29 31 32 33 32 33 28 37 32 40 35 34 38 35 37 35 33 Poor 10% 11 12 13 11 13 13 15 17 15 14 14 16 14 12 15 16 20

Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Sep. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Dec. 2007 Jan. 2008 Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 

Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby Zogby

All in all, how financially secure do you feel?

25

Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Sep. 2008 Feb. 2009 Feb. 2011 

Very secure ABC/Wash Post 21% ABC/Wash Post 20 ABC/Wash Post 16 ABC/Wash Post 12 Kaiser/Harvard/Wash Post 16

Somewhat secure 42% 44 48 45 48

Somewhat insecure 21% 24 22 28 23

Very insecure 15% 11 12 15 12

How do you feel about your own family’s financial situation – very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, not worried at all? Very worried 22% 23 24 27 23 23 21 Somewhat worried 38% 43 43 43 41 37 40 Not too worried 26% 22 21 20 25 24 22 Not worried at all 14% 11 12 10 12 16 17

Sep. 2008 Early Oct. 2008 Mid Oct. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jul. 2009 Oct. 2009 Sep. 2012*

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: *Asked of registered voters.  And would you describe the financial situation in your own household these days as good, poor, or neither good nor poor? Good 61% 56 58 60 59 61 60 62 59 60 64 61 61 65 62 57 62 61 63 60 54 59 63 Poor 30% 37 37 35 34 34 37 33 38 33 30 36 33 30 33 37 34 34 32 33 36 35 33 Neither 8% 6 5 5 7 4 3 4 3 7 6 3 6 5 5 5 4 4 5 7 10 5 4

Sep. 2008 Jun. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct.2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010 Sep. 2010 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Jan. 2011 Mar. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Aug. 2011 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Feb. 2012 

Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper Ap-GfK/Roper

When you think about your own personal finances over the next few months, do you feel very confidence, somewhat confident, somewhat confident, somewhat uneasy, or very uneasy? Very confident 14% 23 Somewhat confident 33% 37 Somewhat uneasy 34% 26 Very uneasy 18% 14

Mar. 2009 Feb. 2011 

CBS CBS

Do you think your household’s financial situation is getting better, getting worse or staying about the same? Getting better 8% Getting worse 35% Same 57%

Jul. 2009

CBS/NYT

26

Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Feb. 2010 Jul. 2010 Jun. 2011 (early) Jun. 2011 (late) 

CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT

10 12 10 11 13 14 12 13 16

30 28 30 35 22 20 23 27 15

59 60 60 53 64 66 65 60 68

How would you rate your current personal financial situation? Excellent/ Good shape 42% 39 41 45 43 46 49 44 Only Fair/ Poor shape 56% 60 58 54 56 54 51 56

Apr. 2009 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 May. 2012 Apr. 2013 Jun. 2013 Sep. 2013

All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal All State/NationalJournal

Expectations about your financial situation
 Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, or get a lot worse? Improve a lot 9% 8 6 9 10 11 12 17 11 11 9 12 11 10 9 12 11 13 10 10 10 10 11 10 11 10 7 8 7 7 9 8 Improve a little 46% 49 50 51 57 53 56 55 46 52 46 53 55 54 51 51 53 57 54 51 51 57 52 52 49 45 44 51 49 47 54 47 Get a little worse 19% 22 20 14 11 13 10 7 18 15 16 15 15 13 18 15 15 9 14 15 14 13 12 14 16 20 21 20 21 22 17 17 Get a lot worse 5% 4 5 3 3 3 2 3 9 4 4 5 4 5 5 4 4 3 4 5 5 3 3 4 6 7 7 6 6 7 7 8

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Oct. 1992 Mar. 1994 Feb. 1995 May 1997 Jun. 2000 Jan. 2001 Jun. 2001 Sep. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jun. 2002 Oct. 2002 Jan. 2003 Mar. 2003 Sep. 2003 Aug. 2004 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Jan. 2006 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2007 Sep. 2007 Jan. 2008 Mar. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009* Aug. 2009

US News US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

27

Sep.–Oct. 2009 Oct.–Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 May 2010 Oct. 2010 Dec. 2010 Mar.–Apr. 2011 Jun. 2011 Dec. 2011 Jan. 2012 Jun. 2012 Sep. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 Jun. 2013

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

10 6 9 9 10 9 7 7 7 9 10 10 12 9 8 12

49 50 44 52 52 48 49 44 49 49 50 53 54 50 52 51

17 19 19 15 14 16 20 23 21 17 18 15 11 18 19 18

6 8 8 8 5 6 6 10 7 5 7 5 4 8 9 7

Note: *Category ‘Improve a little’ changed to ‘Improve some’.  Looking ahead, over the next 12 months, do you think your own financial situation will get better, get worse, or stay about the same? Get better 37% 42 45 34 40 36 32 Get worse 8% 7 6 15 8 8 17 Stay about the same 53% 49 44 51 50 54 48

Jan. 1996 Mar. 2000 Dec. 2000 Mar. 2001 May 2003 Nov. 2003 Jan. 2009 

PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek PSRA/Newsweek

In looking at the next twelve months, do you think that it will be a time of economic expansion for you and your family and an opportunity to move ahead, or do you think that it will be a time to hold back and save because harder times are ahead? Time of expansion/ opportunity 32% 29 32 40 30 29 19 Time to hold back/ harder time ahead 57% 60 56 51 61 60 70

Dec. 1998 Jan. 2001 Mar. 2001 Jan. 2005 May 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2008 

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

A year from now, do you think your personal financial situation will be better or worse? Better 49% 57 63 56 53 57 51 48 47 Worse 19% 19 9 12 14 14 16 17 13 Same (vol.) 24% 21 22 27 26 24 27 30 32

Aug. 2001 Jul. 2002 Apr. 2003 Jun.–Jul. 2003 Sep. 2003 Dec. 2003 Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2008

Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News

Note: Sample is registered voters.  Thinking about the next 12 months, would you say you feel optimistic or pessimistic ab out your own family’s financial situation?

28

Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 May 2006 Dec. 2006 Dec. 2007 Feb. 2008 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 Dec. 2012 May 2013 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Optimistic 75% 73 79 82 72 67 65 61 68 66 66 61 66 66 66

Pessimistic 23% 26 20 16 25 30 32 34 29 31 31 35 30 30 29

How about next year? Do you think your financial situation twelve months from now will be better or worse than this year or will it be about the same? Better 36% Worse 11% Same as this year 50 %

Sep. 2006 

LA Times/Bloomberg

Thinking about your household’s financial condition, do you expect it to be better or worse in the next six months? Better 39% 33 40 24 20 20 23 25 21 24 23 23 18 19 21 21 22 25 21 22 Will remain the same 28% 28 25 43 48 46 46 45 45 48 48 45 47 48 49 47 50 47 52 52 Worse 34% 39 36 33 32 35 31 30 33 28 29 31 35 33 30 32 29 28 27 26

Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Jun. 2008 Nov. 2008 Jan. 2009 Mar. 2009 Apr. 2009 May 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2010 

Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive Harris Interactive

In the coming year, do you expect your personal family finances to get better, get worse, or stay about the same? Get better 28% 33 30 29 27 28 25 28 22 32 26 29 Get worse 22% 15 18 19 25 20 26 17 19 14 26 19 Stay about the same 50% 52 52 52 48 52 49 55 59 55 48 52

Apr. 2009 Jun. 2010 Sep. 2010 Dec. 2010 Apr. 2011 Jun. 2011 Aug. 2011 Sep. 2011 Nov. 2011 Mar. 2012 Mar. 2013 Jul. 2013

Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll Marist Poll

29

30

Thinking ahead to this time next year, do you expect that your personal financial situation will improve, say the same, or become worse? Improve 37% 30 35 38 44 41 44 45 39 36 47 43 Stay the same 41% 42 39 46 38 43 41 35 36 40 40 43 Become worse 20% 25 23 14 14 13 12 13 22 22 11 12

Jan. 2010 Dec. 2010 Mar. 2011 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 May 2012 Sep. 2012 Nov. 2012 Apr. 2013 Jun. 2013 Sep. 2013 

All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal All State/National Journal

And in the next six months, do you think that your personal financial situation will be better, worse, or about the same as now? Better 27% Worse 12% Same 59%

Feb. 2012 

IBD

During the next twelve months, do you think your personal financial situation will get better, get worse, or stay about the same? Better 32% Worse 13% Stay about the same 51%

Apr. 2012

Quinnipiac

Note: Asked of registered voters

Retrospective on financial situation
 In the past couple of years, would you say you have been getting ahead financially, just staying even financially, or falling behind financially? Getting ahead 31% 21 23 16 Staying even 48% 50 48 43 Falling behind 20% 27 28 39

Jan. 1998 Apr. 2007 Mar.–Apr. 2008 Apr. 2012 

CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Thinking back over the past year, would you say that each of the following has—gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? How about…? May 2006 Gallup -----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 96% 1% * 78 72 71 60 58 57 41 37 15 25 16 24 30 28 39 44 2 1 6 2 5 4 2 8

The price you pay for a gallon of gasoline The amount you pay for home utilities such as heating/electricity/water The price you pay for food and other groceries The value of your home (asked of home owners) Your local property taxes The amount of money you pay out-of-pocket for healthcare/Rx drugs The amount you pay for health insurance coverage Your state taxes Your federal income taxes

31

Your rent (asked of renters) Your take home pay after taxes and deductions The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month Mar. 2008 Gallup

36 32 18

51 34 33

4 19 43

The value of your home (asked of home owners) The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month 

-----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 34% 25% 35% 13 35 48

Just thinking about your own personal economic situation, do you feel that over the past twelve months things have gotten better, worse, or stayed the same? Better 22% 24 21 18 14 14 16 Worse 36% 28 31 35 39 35 36 Same 41% 48 48 47 47 51 48

Jul. 2006 Sep. 2006 Apr. 2011 Jun. 2011 Aug. 2011 Oct. 2011 Nov. 2011 

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

Thinking now about your own personal finances, compared to a year ago, would you say your personal economic situation is…? Neither better Better nor worse Worse Aug. 2007 Harris Interactive 32% 31% 32% Note: Sample is an online national adults.

In the past six months, have you and your family had to do any of the following as a result of recent changes in economic conditions? Mar. 2008 CNN/ORC Yes, cutback Cut back on daily necessities such as food or medicine Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Cut back on heating your home or using electricity at home Mar. 2008 Cut back on purchases of clothes or other apparel Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Cut back on leisure activities such as travelling for pleasure or going out to movies or restaurants Mar. 2008 Cut back on household or personal services such as telephone service, internet access or cable TV Mar. 2008 Postponed making major purchases such as furniture or appliances Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 No

30% 32

70% 68

46

54

59 58

41 42

75

25

31

69

61 62

39 38

32

For each of the following, please tell me if you sense things are generally a lot better, a little better, about the same, a little worse, or a lot worse than they were a year ago?

Mar. 2010

Bloomberg A lot better 6% 4 2 2 11 7 A little better 25% 25 14 12 16 18 Same 22% 13 28 28 19 24 A little worse 29% 23 33 31 21 25 A lot worse 17% 34 21 25 30 24

The value of your investments The overall U.S. economy The businesses in your community The value of homes in your community The image of the U.S. in other countries The strength of you nation 

In general, would you say you are personally better off or worse off today than you were 18 months ago, or are you in about the same situation? Better off 17% Worse off 29% About the same 54%

Jul. 2010 

Bloomberg

Would you say that you and your family are better off financially than you were a year ago, about the same financially as you were a year ago, worse off financially than you were a year ago, or not sure? Jul. 2–5, 2011 Jul. 9–12, 2011 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Better off financially Economist/YouGov 11% Economist/YouGov 11 Economist/YouGov 7 NBC/WSJ 17 About the same as now 37% 41 41 33 Worse off financially 44% 41 44 50

Making ends meet
 Have there been times during the last year when you did not have enough money to buy food your family needed? Jan.–Jun. 1976 Jan. 1984 Jan. 1987 Jun. 1989 Apr.–May 1998 Dec.–Feb. 2003 Jun. 2004 Jun. 2005 Jun. 2007 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 May 2010 Apr. 2011 Aug.–Sep. 2002 Jun. 2003 May 2005 Apr.–May 2007 May–Jun. 2009 Mar.–Apr. 2011 Mar. 2013 Yes 14% 20 16 13 11 13 17 16 18 20 17 18 18 14 15 16 18 16 23 22 24 No 86% 79 84 87 89 86 83 84 82 80 83 82 81 86 84 83 82 83 77 77 76

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew

Note: In the June 2007 survey, 10 percent of whites said yes, 36 percent of blacks, and 39 percent of Hispanics also said yes.

33

How often do you worry that your total family income will not be enough to meet your family’s expenses and bills – all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, or almost never? All the time 13% 20 15 13 9 12 15 18 20 21 20 30 Most of the time 13% 15 16 13 12 14 10 11 12 13 17 34 Some of the time 36% 30 38 35 44 37 36 43 35 37 34 20

Jan.–Jun. 1976 Jan. 1984 Jan. 1987 Jun. 1989 Apr.-May 1998 Dec. 2002-Feb. 2003 Jun. 2004 Jun. 2005 Jun. 2006 Jun. 2007 Jun. 2008 Oct. 2011

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Marist Poll

Almost never 38% 34 30 38 34 36 38 28 32 28 29 17

Demographics of Oct. 2011 Marist Poll Out of those making less than $50,000 $50,000 or more Not a college graduate College graduate Millennials (age 18-30) Gen X (31-46) Baby Boomers (47-65) Silent-Greatest (over 65) White Non-white  43% 19 33 23 19 39 33 25 27 34 33% 33 35 33 40 29 33 34 34 32 14% 27 18 24 27 19 19 17 22 16 11% 21 15 21 14 14 16 24 16 19

Thinking of your own financial situation just now, do you feel you are in a good position to buy some of the things you would like to have, or is now a rather bad time for you to spend money? Mar.–Apr. 1978 Oct. 1991 Apr. 2001 Sep. 2001 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2008 Good 28% 30 35 43 33 22 Bad 55% 67 61 53 62 74

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. I often don’t have enough money to make ends meet. Agree 43% 45 50 47 51 52 54 43 40 36 35 Disagree 55% 54 49 52 48 47 44 56 59 62 64

May 1987 May 1988 Feb. 1989 May 1990 Nov. 1991 Jun. 1992 May 1993 Jul. 1994 Nov. 1997 Sep. 1999 Aug. 2002

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

34

Aug. 2003 Mar. 2007 Apr. 2009 Sep.–Oct. 2011 Apr. 2012

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

39 44 42 52 48

59 54 55 46 52

Note: Responses combined.  In general, how easy is it for you to afford the things in life that you want – very easy, easy, difficult, or very difficult? Very easy 4% 7 5 9 8 6 4 Easy 35% 43 44 43 41 37 36 Difficult 46% 36 37 33 37 40 40 Very difficult 12% 12 11 12 11 15 17

Jan. 1992 Jun. 2001 Jun. 2002 Feb. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010 

US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

How easy or difficult is it for you and your family to afford ____ – very easy, easy, difficult, or very difficult? Very easy Food Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010 Health care Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010 Taxes Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010 Saving for retirement Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010 US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew 7% 12 11 14 10 9 10 6% 10 7 11 9 7 8 2% 4 3 6 5 3 3 68% 66 65 57 50 60 58 43% 42 39 39 40 44 37 33% 30 32 36 35 38 34 21% 18 18 22 30 25 22 29% 29 32 29 30 29 31 45% 46 43 37 40 41 43 3% 3 5 5 8 4 7 16% 15 19 16 16 16 20 13% 15 17 14 12 11 14 Easy Difficult Very difficult

US News US News US News PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

2% 2 3 5 5 2 3

22% 21 22 28 23 23 20

37% 38 36 34 37 39 35

23% 24 29 22 22 25 29

Your home heating and electric bills Jan. 1992 US News May 1992 US News Aug. 1992 US News Feb. 2008 PSRA/Pew Jul. 2008 PSRA/Pew

4% 9 7 8 6

55% 54 54 44 41

31% 28 29 33 38

7% 6 8 11 11

35

Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010 Gasoline Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2010  

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

7 7

46 41

32 37

10 11

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

5% 4 10 6

30% 23 57 38

38% 42 21 36

22% 26 6 14

Do you now earn enough money to lead the kind of life you want or not? (If no) Do you think you will be able to earn enough money in the future to lead the kind of life you want, or not? --Responded “no” -Expect to earn enough in the future to lead the kind of life you want Yes Do not 34% 22% 34 28 36 25 35 36 33 20 35 20 34 20 34 18 33 24 36 20 33 23 33 21 30 23 26 19 25 19 28 23 31 19 37 16 -----

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 Oct. 1992 Mar. 1994 Feb. 1995 Jun. 1996 May 1997 Nov. 1997 Aug. -Sep. 1998 Sep.-Oct. 1999 Jan. 2001 Jun. 2002 Feb. 2004 May 2004 Jan. 2006 Sep. 2007 Jan. 2010 Dec. 2011 Apr. 2012

US News US News US News US News Times Mirror Times Mirror PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Yes 39% 34 33 36 44 41 44 46 41 43 42 43 43 53 51 46 46 45 46 61

No 61% 65 66 63 56 58 56 54 59 57 58 56 56 46 48 53 53 55 53 33

Note: Asked of those who are employed.  Thinking about the money you owe on credit cards and installment loans (excluding your mortgage), would you say you? PSRA/Pew Owe lot more Owe little more Owe about Owe less than Do not have than can afford than can afford what can afford can afford any debt 7% 14% 32% 19% 16% 13 15 31 18 12 9 13 29 23 20 10 15 33 22 13 8 15 30 24 15 7 13 31 26 15 9 13 32 22 12 10 12 34 20 16 10 15 33 22 13 12 15 30 17 14 No cards or loans 11% 10 5 5 6 6 9 6 6 10

Jan. 1992 Jun. 2001 Feb. 2004 May 2005 Jan. 2006 Sep. 2007 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2010

Note: The 1992 asking was done by U.S News and World Report.

36

Now I’m going to read a few more pairs of statements. Again, just tell me whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views—even if neither is exactly right. The first pair…I often don’t have enough money to make ends meet, or paying the bills is generally not a problem for me. Do you feel strongly about that, or not? Often don’t have enough money to make ends meet 36% 29 37 35 40 43 Paying bills generally not a problem for me 63% 68 59 62 56 53

Jul. 1994 Aug. 1999 Sep. 2000 Dec. 2004 Dec. 2005 Feb. 2011 

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

As a result of what’s happening in the economy, please tell me whether or not you are worried about each of the following. Are you worried about . . .? A major wage earner in your household losing a job Worried 48% 49 Not worried 44% 44

Aug. 1994 Sep. 2010

PSRA PSRA

Affording mortgage payments or rents Aug. 1994 Sep. 2010 PSRA PSRA Worried 41% 47 Not worried 54% 48

Maintaining your current standard of living Aug. 1994 Sep. 2010 PSRA PSRA Worried 54% 63 Not worried 46% 36

Financing your children’s education Aug. 1994 Sep. 2010 PSRA PSRA Worried 49% 45 Not worried 32% 38

Having enough savings for retirement? Aug. 1994 Sep. 2010 PSRA PSRA Worried 71% 66 Not worried 27% 30

Being able to pay medical or health care costs? Aug. 1994 Sep. 2010  PSRA PSRA Worried 63% 62 Not worried 36% 36

Think about your household income, would you say that it is more than enough so that you can save or buy some extras, just enough to meet your bills and obligations, or it is not enough to meet your bills and obligations? Save and buy extras 27% 24 33 35 34 36 38 37 Just enough 55% 57 48 52 51 46 44 49 Not enough 16% 19 17 12 15 17 17 13

Mar. 1996 May 1996 Jan. 2005 Jul. 2006 Sep. 2006 Oct. 2006 Nov. 2006 Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

37

Dec. 2007 Jan.–Feb. 2008 Feb. 2008 Apr. 2008 May–Jun. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Late Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Late Apr. 2009 May 2009 June 2009 Jul. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Nov. 2010 Dec. 2011 Feb. 2013 

CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS

35 33 38 27 33 37 30 29 31 29 27 29 29 26 28 25 22 25 29 28 25

51 46 46 48 47 44 51 51 49 53 55 49 47 52 49 45 53 57 42 51 47

13 21 13 23 18 17 18 20 19 17 17 22 23 22 22 28 25 17 28 20 27

How much difficulty would you have if you had to pay an unexpected bill of one thousand dollars right away – a lot, a little, not much, or none at all? A lot 44% 43 A little 26% 24 Not much 12% 15 None at all 17% 17

Jun. 1996 Apr. 2007 

CBS CBS

Which best describes your family’s financial situation? Do you feel as if you are getting ahead financially, have just enoug h money to maintain your standard of living, or are falling behind financially? Getting ahead Kaiser/Harvard/ Wash Post 28% ABC/Wash Post 25 ABC/Wash Post 28 Kaiser/Harvard/Wash Post 27 ABC/Wash Post 26 ABC/Wash Post 21 Kaiser/Harvard/Wash Post 15 Kaiser/Harvard/Wash Post 18 ABC/Wash Post 15 Just enough 48% 53 48 53 53 61 56 60 58 Falling behind 23% 27 23 19 20 17 28 21 27

Nov. 1996 Oct. 2006* Nov. 2006* Jun. 2007 Sep. 2007 Jan. 2008 Oct. 2010 Feb. 2011 Jul. 2011

Note: * Registered voters.  For each of the following please tell me whether or not it is something that happened to you in the past year. Have you ____? Has happened in the past year Had trouble getting or paying for medical care for yourself or your family Aug. 1999 KAISER/Harvard/WP Jan. 2008 Pew Feb. 2009 Pew Mar. 2010 Pew Jun. 2011 Pew Jul. 2012 Pew Had problems paying your rent or mortgage Aug. 1999 KAISER/Harvard/WP Jan. 2008 Pew

Has not

21% 23 23 26 29 25

78% 76 77 74 70 74

13% 16

87% 83

38

Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2012 Mar. 2013 Been laid off or lost your job Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2012 Mar. 2013

Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew

`

20 24 26 23 23

80 76 73 76 76

Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew

14% 18 21 16 15 15

85% 82 79 84 85 84

Gotten a pay raise at your current job or gotten a better job Aug. 1999 KAISER/Harvard/WP Jan. 2008 Pew Feb. 2009 Pew Mar. 2010 Pew Jun. 2011 Pew Mar. 2013 Pew Had a mortgage, other loan, or credit card application denied Feb. 2009 Pew Mar. 2010 Pew Been able to save money for the future Mar. 2013 Pew Had problems with collection or credit agencies Aug. 1999 KAISER/Harvard/WP Feb. 2009 Pew Mar. 2010 Pew 

29% 41 29 24 25 28

69% 57 70 74 74 70

17% 19

83% 80

41%

58%

19% 20 21

80% 80 78

Have you personally tried to reduce your household and personal spending because of concern about the economy? Yes, reduced 39% 37 32 50 75 79 No 58% 61 67 49 24 21

Feb. 2001 Mar. 2001 Oct. 2001 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2008 Feb. 2009 

Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News Fox News

Which one of the following statements best describes your own personal economic situation? NBC/WSJ I am in good shape. I am able to save and plan for the future Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am okay. I am saving a little and I am able to provide for my needs Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am barely getting by. I have to budget carefully and I am not able to plan for the future

20% 23 18

51% 51 47

39

Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am falling behind. I have had to use savings or go further into debt to pay my bills Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008 I am in serious financial trouble, and can’t quite see how I am going to make it Mar. 2001 Jan. 2004 Jul. 2008  Right now, do you have enough money to live comfortably, or not. Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012  Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Yes 75% 73 72 71 73 69 65 68 65 60 No 24% 26 28 28 26 30 33 31 34 39

20% 17 23

6% 5 7

2% 3 4

How concerned are you that you will have enough money to pay for major expenses, for example, health care, tuition, buying a home, and retirement? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 38% 44 46 Somewhat concerned 29% 34 33 Not very concerned 19% 13 14 Not at all concerned 14% 9 7

Jan. 2005 Sep. 2006 Apr. 2007 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS

Have you ever had to declare bankruptcy, or hasn’t this happened to you? Yes 10% 9 No 89% 91

May 2005 Oct.–Nov. 2006 

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

(Respondents were asked to select one) 1: I am making financial progress toward my long-term goals. 2: I am keeping up with monthly expenses 3: I am slowly falling behind on some of my bills. 4: I am hopelessly behind, with no chance to catch up. Making progress 41% Keeping up 41% Slowly falling behind 13% Hopelessly behind 3%

Jan. 2006 

Zogby

(Select one) A: I am convinced that the American economy is in strong shape. B: I worry about the economy because while I have a good job and am financially secure, I know neighbors, friends, and family who are not doing so well C: Nationally, the economy may be doing well, but I am not doing well and I am concerned the immediate future. US economy in strong shape 35% Worry about economy for others 39% Concerned for myself now 15%

Jan. 2006

Zogby

40

I am going to read you a series of statements about several issues. After each one I read, please tell me if you agree, disagree or if you neither agree, nor disagree. Public Opinion Strategies (R)/Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner (D) Completely agree Sometimes because I am short of money I fall behind on my monthly payments and pay bills late I have checked my credit rating online or ordered a credit report in the past year Frequently because I am short of money I fall behind on my monthly payments and pay bills late Apr. 2006 Somewhat disagree Completely disagree

Somewhat agree

Neither

15% 37

14% 7

9% 9

57% 40

4% 4

10

13

10

60

5

Which best describes your family’s financial situation? Are you doing okay and have extra money each mon th, or are you barely getting by? Doing okay 56% Barely getting by 32%

Sep. 2006 

Fox News

How would you rate your personal financial situation? Do you feel as if you: 1) Are getting ahead financially 2. Have just enough money to maintain your standard of living 3. Are falling behind financially? Getting ahead 29% Maintaining standard of living 53% Falling behind 17%

Oct. 2006 

Fox News

How difficult is it for you and your family to get ahead financially these days? Is it…? Very difficult 28% Somewhat difficult 35% Not too difficult 23% Not at all difficult 12%

Oct. 2006 

AP/Ipsos

Have you ever had any unexpected expenses in the past 12 months that seriously set you back financially, or hasn’t this happened to you? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Yes 34% PSRA/Pew No 66%

(If yes) What kind of expenses were these? Medical Cars Home and housing Life events & children: wedding, divorce, birth, death, moving Work related Travel/vacation Taxes Pets/veterinary bills 34% 24 20 9 3 2 2 1

Note: Based on those who had unexpected expenses in the past 12 months.  How would you describe your own personal financial situation? Would you say you live comfortably, meet your expenses with a little left over for extras, just meet your basic living expenses, or don’t even have enough to meet expenses? Live comfortably A little for extras Meet basic expenses Don’t meet expenses

41

Oct.–Nov. 2006 

PSRA/Pew

38%

28%

23%

9%

How often do you worry about money matters? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Often 35% Sometimes 37% Rarely 17% Never 10%

PSRA/Pew

Have you ever used a credit consolidator to help pay off your debt, or not? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Yes 7% No 92%

PSRA/Pew

How difficult is it for you and your family to get ahead financially these days? Is it…? Very difficult 33% 33 34 30 28 Somewhat difficult 33% 31 35 36 30 Neither easy Somewhat nor difficult easy 24% 7% 24 10 18 11 19 12 23 15 Very easy 3% 2 3 3 3

Nov. 2007 Jun. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 

AP/Yahoo AP/Yahoo AP/Gfk AP/Gfk AP/Gfk

How concerned are you about being able to maintain your current standard of living – are you very worried, somewhat worried, not so worried, or not worried at all? Very worried 17% 28 24 24 31 Somewhat worried 34% 40 42 39 36 Not so worried 22% 16 17 19 18 Not worried at all 27% 15 16 17 15

Dec. 2007 May 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2009 Nov. 2011 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How would you describe your household’s financial situation? Would you say you? Meet your basic expenses with a little left over Live comfortably for extras 38% 32% 39 31 33 27 30 30 33 30 Don’t have enough to meet basic expenses 7% 7 11 11 11

Jan.–Feb. 2008 Mar. 2008 Jul. 2009 May 2010 Nov. 2012 

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Just meet your basic expenses 22% 21 26 27 24

How worried are you that you and your family may have to do any of the following as a result of recent changes in economic conditions? Mar. 2008 CNN/ORC Very worried Cut back on daily necessities such as food or medicine Cut back on heating your home or using electricity at home Cut back on purchases of clothes or other apparel Cut back on leisure activities such as 36% Somewhat worried 21% Not too worried 22% Not worried at all 21%

34

23

24

19

25

23

33

19

42

travelling for pleasure or going out to movies or restaurants Cut back on household or personal services such as telephone service, internet access or cable TV Postponed making major purchase such as furniture or appliances 

29

27

28

15

23

26

28

23

26

25

25

23

Thinking about your personal finances, have you done or not done any of the following lately? PSRA/Pew Yes, have done that Delayed or canceled plans to buy a new home or make major home improvements Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 Delayed or canceled plans to buy a new car Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 Delayed or canceled plans to make a major purchase For your household, such as a computer or appliance Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 Cut back on planned spending for a vacation Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec., 2009 Adjusted your plans for retirement Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Dec. 2009 Changed the way your money is saved or invested Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Dec. 2009 Been out at restaurants less often Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009* Aug. 2009* No

36% 37 40 36 38

63% 62 58 63 62

33% 37 36 38 36

67% 62 63 62 63

44% 44 40 42 43

56% 55 59 58 56

57% 59 59 59 59

42% 41 41 40 40

27% 29 30 32

72% 70 69 66

48% 53 57 52

51% 46 42 46

55% 55 56 55

44% 44 44 44

43

Dec. 2009* 56 Note: *Wording changed to ‘Been eating out at restraints less often’. 

44

You mentioned making some cutbacks in spending. Have you been cutting back because your financial situation has gotten worse and made such cutbacks necessary, or because you worry that your financial situation might get worse in the future? PSRA/Pew Research Center Gotten worse 28% 30 36 34 30 Might get worse 57% 56 50 47 49 Both 4% 5 5 6 8

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Dec. 2009 

Have you changed your vacation plans this year to save money? Yes Mar. 2009 Jun. 2011 Marist Institute for Public Opinion Marist Institute for Public Opinion 35% 34 No 65% 66

Since the economic downturn began, was there ever a time when you had to borrow money form family or friends to make ends meet? Yes No Apr. 2009 Time/Abt SRBI 23% 77% Sep. 2011 Time/Abt SRBI 29 71 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Have more than enough money to do what you want to do 33% 32 33 31 32 34 34 32 33 32 34 33 42 Do not have enough money to do want you want to do 22% 22 24 24 23 24 25 22 21 22 21 20 57

Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Aug.2009 Sep. 2009 Oct. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Feb. 2010 Mar. 2010 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Apr. 2011 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Which of the following statements best describes your situation? A) I can live comfortably and save an adequate amount for retirement or other needs, B) I can get by every month but I find it difficult to save and invest, whether for retirement or other purposes, C) I find it hard to make ends meet every month. I can live comfortably and save 27% 30 26 26 29 28 27 I can get by every month 50% 45 50 51 50 52 49 I find it hard to make ends meet 22% 22 22 20 19 17 21

Jul. 2009 Aug. 2010 Oct. 2011 Dec. 2011 Mar. 2012 May 2012 Sep. 2012

Allstate/National Journal Allstate/National Journal Allstate/National Journal Allstate/National Journal Allstate/National Journal Allstate/National Journal Allstate/National Journal

44

In the last 12 months, as a result of bad economic conditions, have you taken money out of any savings account, including retirement savings, in order to make ends meet, or haven’t you taken money out of savings? Yes 44% No 54%

Jul. 2010 

CBS

Considering your income and what you have to live on and the cost of living, how would you say your family is making out today, would you say you are getting along all right, getting along only fairly well, feeling quite pinched, or just not able to make ends meet? Feeling quite Not able to make Alright Fairly Well pinched ends meet Mar. 2011 Pew 20% 35% 31% 14% In the past year, has anything happened to you or to any of your closest family members that has resulted in a major financial setback, such as a job loss, pay cut, or home foreclosure? Yes, has 35% No, has not 65%

Dec. 2012 

Gallup/USA Today

Have you and your family done any of the following because of the Great Recession that started four years ago? Jan. 2013 AP-GfK/Roper 29% 39 6

Borrowed money from friends and family Loaned money to family and friends Declared personal bankruptcy Used money from savings set aside for other things or retirement to make ends meet Increased credit card debt Taken a job you did not like or below your education/experience level Used food stamps or received food stamps from a nonprofit or religious organization Cut back on doctor visits or medical treatment 

47 30 23

19 35

Please tell me if this is something you expect to do more in the next year tha n you’ve done in the past year or something you don’t need to do more: Borrow money to make ends meet. Expect to do more 15% 14% Don’t need to do more 83% 84%

May 2013 Sep 2013

Bloomberg Bloomberg

Other questions
 Would you say this recession has hurt you financially, or not. If yes, is that a great deal or only somewhat? Hurt a great deal 16% 30 37 30 33 39 Hurt only somewhat 37% 34 32 34 32 32

Jun. 1991 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Sep. 2009 Dec. 2010

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Not hurt 46% 36 32 35 35 29

45

Is your financial situation a major cause of stress in your life, a minor cause, or not a cause of stress in your life? Major cause 23% 23 Minor cause 41% 42 Not a cause 35% 34

Oct. 1997 Jul. 2008 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

How much have you been affected personally by the downturn in the economy––a great deal, quite a bit, just some, or not at all? Affected a great deal 12% 22 23 23 25

Jan. 2001 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Mar. 2010 

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

Quite a bit 12% 20 20 23 23

Some 40% 42 42 41 40

Not at all 36% 16 15 13 12

Thinking about your personal economic situation today – do you feel you are very much in control, somewhat in control, not very much in control, or not at all in control of your personal economic situation? Very much in control 19% 23 26 Somewhat in control 49% 51 55 Not very in control 20% 16 14 Not at all in control 10% 9 5

Mar. 2006 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2011 

Pew Charitable Trusts Greenberg Greenberg

Have you ever felt that your financial situation was out of control, or haven’t you ever felt this way? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Yes 36% No 63%

PSRA/Pew

As I read each item, tell me if this is one of your household’s regular expenses, or not? Oct.–Nov. 2006 PSRA/Pew Yes 67% 42 12 58 7 13 25 16 78 74 65 21 19 16 No 32% 57 87 41 92 86 75 84 22 26 35 79 81 83

Mortgage* A car loan A store payment plan for home furnishings or electronics A credit card payment Alimony or child support Child care School tuition A school loan Cable or satellite television Cell phone Internet service Health club or other sports facility Landscaping or lawn maintenance Housecleaning Note: * Sample is based on homeowners. 

Generally, do you pay your credit card bills in full each month or do you make a payment? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Pay in full 41% Payment 53 %

PSRA/Pew

Note: Based on those who have a credit card as a regular expense.

46

Have you used a payday lender in the past 12 months, or not? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Yes 2% No 94%

PSRA/Pew

In general, when you think of your financial situation would you say you are…? Worried 56% Not worried 44%

Aug. 2007

Harris Interactive

Note: Sample is an online national adults.  Would you say you feel financially secure enough to provide sufficiently for your children, or don’t you feel that way? Mar.–Apr. 2008 May 2009 Feel secure 68% 64 Do not 30% 32

CNN/ORC CNN/ORC

Note: Asked of those who have children 18 years and younger.  Roughly how much do you owe on all your credit cards? Mar. 2008 Zero Under $1,000 $1,000-$3,000 $3,001-$8,000 Over $8,000 CNN/ORC 64% 5 9 10 8 $4,000

Median credit card debt (among those who owe): 

Which of the following best describes you: you do not have any credit cards, you have at least one credit card but you do not owe any money on them except for purchases in the last 30 days, or you have at least one credit card and you owe money for purchases made more than 30 days ago? Have one and do not owe money 39% Have one and do owe money 35%

Mar. 2008 

CNN/ORC

No credit cards 25%

How concerned are you about being able to afford your children’s college tuition – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 70% 66 Somewhat concerned 24% 25 Not at all concerned 6% 8

Mar.–Apr. 2008 May 2009*

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Note: Asked of parents with children under age eighteen. *The question in 2009 was: “Looking to the future, how concerned are you about being able to afford your children's college tuition--very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned?”  Would you say you and your family live above your means or within your means? Above 8% Within 85% Below (vol.) 5%

Jan. 2009

Fox News

47

Excluding mortgage debt, overall about how much are you personally in debt – that is, how much do you owe with things like credit card bills, car loans, and student loans? Jan. 2009 Fox News Less than $10,000 29% $10,00130,000 21% $30,00150,000 6% Over $50,000 5%

Nothing 27% 

Which of the following is more important to you? Move up the Financial stability income ladder Mar. 2011 Pew Charitable Trusts 85% 13% Thinking about the economic recession for just you and your immediate family---how much of an impact has it had on you and your family---using a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 meaning a tremendous amount, 5 meaning just some effect, and 1 meaning almost no effect, what number would you select? NBC/WSJ 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Apr. 2011 10% 2 12 15 11 24 8 9 3 7 Sep. 2010 17% 5 12 12 10 20 5 6 5 8

As a result of economic conditions over the past few years, has the type of college you can afford to send your child to changed, or not? Yes 37% 40% No 60% 27% Kids are older 23%

Jun. 2011 Apr. 2012

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Note: *Asked of parents while children 13 to 22.

Retirement Anxiety:
Anxiety about prospects for retirement has clearly risen in the past few years. In 2001, when Gallup asked non-retired people whether they would have enough money in retirement to live comfortably, 59 percent said they would. In 2013, that response was 46 percent. Those in retirement seem less concerned. More non-retired adults today say they will rely on Social Security in retirement than gave that response in 2001. In addition, fewer today say they will be able to rely on their 401Ks than in 2001. Sixty percent of non-retired adults in 2012 said they had enough money to live comfortably right now. In 2002, 75 percent gave that response.

48

 

What is your major source of income--Social Security, an employer-sponsored pension plan, or your own retirement savings? Looking ahead to your retirement, what do you expect to be your major source of income – Social Security, an employersponsored pension plan, or your own retirement savings? -------------Retired adults-------------Social Employer Own security sponsored retirement pension savings ---------45% 23% 24% 46 25 17 39 20 25 --------------Non-retired adults-----------Social Employer Own Security sponsored retirement pension savings 22% 30% 39% 15 23 56 16 24 52 17 22 55 20 19 53 20 29 45

Mar. 1995 Feb. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jan. 2005 Feb. 2005 Jun. 2005 

CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT PSRA/Pew CBS/NYT

How confident are you that you will retire with enough income and assets to last for the rest of your life – would you say you’re very confident, somewhat confident, not so confident or not confident at all? Very confident 16% 21 33 18 30 10 15 14 12 Somewhat confident 29% 33 35 37 39 34 31 35 31 Not so confident 25% 21 10 21 16 25 22 25 22 Not confident at all 21% 18 12 18 13 24 26 23 29

Jul. 1996 Jul. 1999 Jul. 2001 Jul. 2002 Nov. 2005 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Nov. 2011 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

When you retire, how much do you expect to rely on Social Security as your main source of income, a minor source of income, or not at all? --------Retired adults-------Main Minor Not a source source Source ------44% 40% 14% ------Non-retired adults-----Main Minor Not a source source source 17% 58% 23% 17 55 26 18 57 24

Jul. 1998 Aug. 2000 Jan. 2005 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today

For each, please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your current job in this regard. First, are you completely satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, completely dissatisfied with the retirement plan your employer offers? Completely satisfied 31% 31 29 35 36 27 31 32 34 35 33 34 33 33 Somewhat satisfied 30% 34 33 31 28 31 31 30 26 26 30 26 26 28 Somewhat dissatisfied 10% 8 10 9 10 9 12 9 11 9 11 8 11 11 Completely dissatisfied 19% 16 16 14 13 18 11 14 14 19 14 20 16 17

Aug. 1999 Aug. 2001 Aug. 2002 Aug. 2003 Aug. 2004 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2006 Aug. 2007 Aug. 2008 Aug. 2009 Aug. 2010 Aug. 2011 Aug. 2012 Aug. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

49

Note: Asked of the employed.  Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about… How about— Not having enough money for retirement ------------------------------Non-retired adults---------------------------------Very Moderately Not too Not worried worried worried worried at all Apr. 2001 Gallup 24% 29% 24% 19% Apr. 2002 Gallup 25 29 19 22 Apr. 2003 Gallup 24 30 22 20 Apr. 2004 Gallup 26 26 21 23 Apr. 2005 Gallup 30 30 18 19 Apr. 2006 Gallup 30 30 19 16 Apr. 2007 Gallup 24 29 24 19 Apr. 2008 Gallup 35 28 18 16 Sep. 2008 Gallup 33 31 16 15 Apr. 2009 Gallup 36 29 17 14 Apr. 2010 Gallup 34 32 18 14 Apr. 2011 Gallup 36 30 17 13 Apr. 2012 Gallup 38 29 17 13 Apr. 2013 Gallup 34 27 18 17   How much do you rely on each of the following sources of income today – is it a major source of income, a minor source of income, or not a source at all? How about . . . ? When you retire, how much do you expect to rely on each of the following sources of money – will it be a major source of income, a minor source of income, or not a source at all? --------Rely on today-------Retired adults Major Minor Not a source source source -58% 50 55 58 55 54 56 57 54 57 57 --22% 35 31 30 32 34 29 31 32 33 27 --18% 13 13 11 12 10 13 10 13 9 13 ---Will rely on in the future-Non-retired adults Major Minor Not a source source source 28% 27 29 25 28 25 27 31 30 34 31 33 30 57% 56 57 56 53 51 51 53 49 46 47 45 51 14% 15 12 18 18 22 20 15 18 20 20 21 17

Gallup Social Security* Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 A 401(k), IRA, Keogh or other retirement savings account Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010

-19% 20 20 21 21 23 20 20 22

-23% 26 27 29 29 28 30 30 29

-56% 51 50 46 48 47 46 48 47

58% 53 47 54 49 47 52 54 42 45

26% 28 34 28 33 31 29 29 31 31

15% 16 17 18 17 19 17 15 25 23

50

Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Individual stock or mutual fund investments Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Money from inheritance Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Other savings such as a regular savings account or CDs Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 A work-sponsored pension plan Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011

24 24 --15% 12 10 12 10 16 11 11 14 11 15 --4% 4 3 3 3 3 6 3 3 4 5 --

31 28 --31% 27 26 32 26 27 29 28 24 30 27 --11% 11 11 13 14 11 8 11 10 14 10 --

43 45 --52% 57 62 53 62 55 58 58 61 57 57 --84% 82 85 82 82 85 85 84 85 80 85 --

46 46 46 24% 23 20 20 21 19 24 17 17 20 22 17 18 7% 10 7 8 7 7 8 9 7 9 8 9 8

30 31 29 39% 43 42 41 41 41 39 47 38 34 35 36 36 29% 28 31 31 28 31 28 29 24 26 29 25 30

21 22 22 36% 32 36 38 37 38 35 34 43 45 41 45 45 63% 60 60 60 63 60 64 60 68 63 62 65 61

-15% 14 13 11 14 16 11 13 13 16 12 --29% 41 34 36 36 32 33 38 37 37

-33% 39 34 41 39 41 40 38 44 39 38 --16% 14 22 22 21 24 19 16 18 16

-51% 46 51 46 45 41 45 46 41 43 49 --51% 44 42 40 41 41 46 43 42 45

16% 23 19 17 18 19 23 17 20 22 22 22 25 34% 29 28 30 28 26 31 26 24 23 25

51% 50 52 52 55 51 48 53 47 48 49 46 42 28% 33 32 32 31 30 28 30 29 31 30

32% 25 27 30 27 28 28 29 31 30 28 31 33 37% 36 39 37 39 42 39 43 45 45 44

51

Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Rent and royalties Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Annuities or insurance plans Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Part-time work Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 The equity you have built up in your home Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013

33 --6% 5 4 2 5 2 6 3 5 4 6 --8% 6 9 6 8 8 7 8 8 10 11 --3% 1 2 6 3 3 3 1 4 2 3 -18% 25 24 25 22 20 16 21 20 23 23 --

16 --13% 17 12 13 13 16 14 10 11 16 13 --21% 23 21 26 17 29 19 17 24 25 20 --14% 18 17 17 20 19 13 14 13 16 17 -14% 15 19 19 17 25 15 17 19 21 24 --

50 --80% 76 82 82 80 80 79 85 82 78 79 --69% 69 67 66 73 62 72 72 66 62 68 --82% 80 80 75 77 78 83 84 82 81 80 -60% 55 50 49 57 51 65 56 60 52 50 --

28 24 5% 8 5 5 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7% 7 10 8 9 7 9 8 7 8 10 9 9 10% 16 13 17 18 18 21 20 22 18 22 22 21 24% 25 25 26 26 30 26 24 20 24 21 20

25 28 22% 29 27 25 24 26 24 23 23 22 27 21 25 34% 40 36 34 34 32 35 32 36 30 33 25 32 52% 51 57 50 51 50 52 49 51 53 52 49 48 40% 42 38 41 34 39 37 39 41 41 39 36

46 46 72% 60 66 69 69 66 68 68 70 71 66 71 67 58% 51 53 57 56 59 54 59 57 61 55 65 58 36% 31 29 32 30 28 27 29 27 28 25 27 30 33% 30 34 31 35 28 34 33 37 30 39 40

52

Note: * Difference in numbers with previous questions due to question wording; “your major source” vs. “a major source.”   Right now, do you have enough money to live comfortably, or not? When you retire, do you think you will have enough money to live comfortably, or not? Non-retired adults ------------Right now--------------------When you retire-------Yes, have enough No Yes, will have enough No 75% 24% 59% 32% 73 26 59 36 74 25 59 35 72 28 53 40 71 28 50 43 73 26 53 42 69 30 46 44 65 33 41 52 68 31 46 48 65 34 42 53 60 39 38 55 --46 47

Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

Looking ahead to your retirement, how confident are you that you will have the financial resources to live comfortably during your retirement? ----------------------------Non-retired adults-----------------------Very Somewhat Not too Not at all confident confident confident confident AP/Ipsos 29% 36% 19% 15% AP/ LifeGoesStrong.com 9 42 30 18 AP/ LifeGoesStrong.com 7 41 32 20

Feb. 2005 Mar. 2011 Oct. 2011

Note: Asked of those who said they do not consider themselves retired.  How much do you currently rely on Social Security--as your main source of income, as a minor source of income, or not at all? Main source of income Minor source of income Not at all Jan. 2005 Gallup/CNN/USA Today 44% 40% 14% Note: Sample is retired adults.   Which source do you think will provide you and your spouse with the largest share of income in retirement…? (non -retired adults) Which source provides you and your spouse with the largest share of income in retirement …? (retired adults) 2005 Retirement Confidence Survey (Workers) Will provide your largest share of income 21% 18 18 16 14 3 3 2 1 4 (Retirees) Provides your largest share of income 3% 10 45 26 3 1 3 1 3 7

Workplace retirement savings plan Personal savings or investments that are not in a work-related retirement plan Social Security Employer-provided pension Employment Sale or refinancing of your home Inheritance A lump-sum distribution from an employer-provided cash balance or defined benefit plan Support from children or other family members Don’t know/refused

53

Note: Married couples were asked, “you and your spouse with the largest…?”  How do your current living expenses in retirement compare with what you expected? ------------------------------Retired adults------------------------------Much Slightly Same as Slightly Much higher higher expected lower lower 14% 22% 45% 10% 8%

May-Jun. 2006

WSJ/Harris Interactive

How do your current living expenses in retirement compare with what you expected? Higher than I expected 31% About the same as I expected 47% Lower than I expected 22%

Sep. 2007

WSJ/Harris Interactive

Note: Sample is retired adults.  Thinking now about retirement, please tell me how concerned you are about each of the following – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all? How about -----------------------------------Non-retired adults------------------------------Gallup/USA Today Not having enough money to live comfortably in retirement Jun. 2006 Losing a sense of purpose in your life after you stop working Jun. 2006 Running out of money before you die Jun. 2006  Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not too concerned Not concerned at all

42%

32%

16%

10%

20 40

13 26

29 20

35 14

When you reach retirement age, do you plan to work full-time, work part-time or not work at all? ---------------------Non-retired adults------------------Work full-time Work part-time Not at all 12% 51% 35%

Jun. 2006

Gallup/USA Today

(Of those who plan to work) Is this because you will need the money, or mainly because you would still enjoy working? Need the money 30%  Enjoy working 67%

How concerned are you about not having enough money for retirement – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 38% 43 49 Somewhat concerned 37% 39 33 Not at all concerned 24% 17 18

Feb. 2007 Mar.–Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

At what age would you like to retire? Mar. 2008 50 or younger 51-55 56-59 60-64 CNN/ORC 11% 16 4 30

54

65-69 70 and older

28 10

Note: Sample is those who are currently employed. (Follow up question) Do you think you will be able to retire at that age, or do you think you will have to continue working? Retire at that age 44% Continue working 56%

Note: Responses are of those who picked an age they would like to retire at from the previous question.  Looking ahead to your retirement, how confident are you that you will have enough money to live comfortably in retirement? Very confident 10% 13 13 12 Somewhat confident 35% 38 34 39 Not too confident 22% 22 27 24 Not at all confident 31% 25 26 25

Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sep. 2009 

AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK AP/Roper GfK

Thinking about your future, how confident are you in each of the following – very confident, fairly confident, just somewhat confident, or not confident? If this does not apply to you just say so. You will have enough money in retirement. Very confident 19% 18 Fairly confident 20% 22 Just somewhat confident 16% 20 Not confident 35% 33 Does not apply 3% 5

Oct. 2010 Jun. 2012  

Bloomberg Bloomberg

When you reach retirement age, do you think you will continue working, and work full-time, continue working, and work part-time, or stop working altogether? (If will continue working/stop working altogether) And would you do that because you want to or because you will have to? ---------Continue working-----------Stop working altogether---Full-time Part-time Want to Will have to Want to Will have to Want to Will have to 6% 12% 38% 24% 15% 3% 6 9 34 26 19 3

Apr. 2011 Apr. 2013

Gallup Gallup

Note: Asked of non-retired adults.  Thinking about your future, how confident are you in each of the following – very confident, fairly confident, just somewhat confident, or not confident? You will not have to keep working beyond the age you want to retire. Very confident 19 19% Fairly confident 16 15% Just somewhat confident 14 12% Not confident 34 37% Does not appy 15 16%

Jun. 2012 Oct. 2012

Bloomberg Bloomberg

Health Cost Anxiety
Americans are worried about health care costs. Most pollsters only began consistently asking questions around the beginning of new millennium. But the trends available to us show that views did not change all that much after the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010. In 2012, Kaiser Family Foundation found that around a quarter said they or a family member had had trouble in the past 12 months paying a health care bill. In May 2010, 30 percent gave that response.

55

Around a quarter also said they had skipped a test in their September 2013 survey; thirty-seven percent said they had skipped dental care.
 Within the last twelve months, have you or a member of your family put off any sort of medical treatment because of the cost you would have to pay? Yes 22% 19 25 24 26 28 30 30 29 29 30 30 32 No 77% 81 75 76 74 71 69 70 70 71 69 70 68

Jan. 1991 Nov. 2001 Nov. 2002 Nov. 2003 Nov. 2004 Nov. 2005 Nov. 2006 Nov. 2007 Nov. 2008 Nov. 2009 Nov. 2010 Nov. 2011 Nov. 2012 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

In the past 12 months, have you or another family member living in your household______ because of the cost, or not? Kaiser Family Foundation Skipped a recommended medical test or treatment Jan. 2000 15% 85% Apr. 2005 17 82 Apr. 2008 23 76 Oct. 2008 31 68 Feb. 2009 23 77 Apr. 2009 27 73 Jun. 2009 27 73 Jul. 2009 21 78 Sep. 2009 28 71 Nov. 2009 22 78 Dec. 2009 23 76 Mar. 2010 28 72 Jun. 2010 22 78 Dec. 2010 25 74 Mar. 2011 21 78 Aug. 2011 21 78 May 2012 25 74 Sep. 2013 26 73 Not filled a prescription for a medicine Jan. 2000 13% 87% Apr. 2005 20 79 Apr. 2008 22 78 Oct. 2008 27 72 Feb. 2009 21 78 Apr. 2009 29 71 Jun. 2009 26 74 Jul. 2009 20 80 Sep. 2009 26 73 Nov. 2009 26 74 Dec. 2009 24 76 Mar. 2010 26 74 Jun. 2010 20 79 Dec. 2010 26 73 Mar. 2011 Aug. 2011 May 2012 Sep. 2013 21 25 24 27 78 74 75 73

Cut pills in half or skipped doses of medicine Apr. 2005 16% 84% Apr. 2008 18% 81% Oct. 2008 22 78 Feb. 2009 15 85 Apr. 2009 18 81 Jun. 2009 19 80 Jul. 2009 15 84 Sep. 2009 21 78 Nov. 2009 17 83 Dec. 2009 18 81 Mar. 2010 21 79 Jun. 2010 16 84 Dec. 2010 20 80 Mar. 2011 15 85 Aug. 2011 17 82 May 2012 16 83 Sep. 2013 19 80 Had problems getting mental health care Jan. 2000 4% 96% Apr. 2005 7 93 Apr. 2008 8 90 Oct. 2008 12 87 Feb. 2009 7 92 Apr. 2009 8 90 Jun. 2009 8 91 Jul. 2009 7 92 Sep. 2009 9 90 Nov. 2009 6 92 Dec. 2009 10 89

56

Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Dec. 2010 Mar. 2011 Aug. 2011 May 2012 Sep. 2013

10 9 9 9 11 8 12

89 90 90 90 86 90 87

Put off or postponed getting health care you needed Jan. 2000 18% 82% Apr. 2008 29 70 Oct. 2008 36 64 Feb. 2009 27 72 Apr. 2009 33 67 Jun. 2009 31 68 Jul. 2009 27 72 Sep. 2009 33 67 Nov. 2009 30 69 Dec. 2009 29 71 Mar. 2010 30 69 Jun. 2010 26 73 Dec. 2010 32 67 Mar. 2011 28 72 Aug. 2011 28 72 May 2012 29 70 Sep. 2013 34 66 Skipped dental care or checkups Feb. 2009 34% 66% 

Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Sep. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Dec. 2010 Mar. 2011 Aug. 2011 May 2012 Sep. 2013

36 35 29 35 34 31 35 31 36 33 31 35 37

64 64 71 65 65 69 64 69 63 67 68 64 62

Relied on home remedies or over the counter drugs instead of going to see a doctor Feb. 2009 35% 65% Apr. 2009 42 57 Jun. 2009 37 63 Jul. 2009 33 67 Sep. 2009 44 56 Nov. 2009 34 66 Dec. 2009 34 66 Mar. 2010 39 61 Jun. 2010 28 71 Dec. 2010 37 62 Mar. 2011 32 68 Aug. 2011 33 66 May 2012 38 62 Sep. 2013 35 64

Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about _____? Very worried Not being able to pay medical costs for normal health care Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Dec. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Apr. 2011 Gallup Apr. 2012 Gallup Apr. 2013 Gallup Not being able to pay medical costs in the event of a serious illness or accident Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Moderately worried Not too worried Not worried at all

22% 18 17 21 23 23 21 23 24 26 22 27 25 24

22% 17 20 16 19 22 15 21 22 20 26 21 23 20

24% 26 24 24 24 26 31 24 24 28 27 23 27 24

31% 36 36 36 32 27 30 29 27 26 21 27 24 28

27% 21 24 26 30 33

23% 24 22 21 22 21

24% 25 23 24 25 21

25% 28 29 27 22 22

57

Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

28 34 34 33 37 35 34

21 22 24 28 23 27 24

27 20 22 20 22 20 21

23 21 18 17 16 16 19

In the past 12 months, did you or another family member in your household have any problems paying medical bills, or not? Yes 21% 23 25 32 22 26 26 21 24 33 31 30 30 21 25 23 26 26 No 79% 77 75 68 78 73 73 79 76 67 69 70 69 78 75 77 74 73

Mar. 2002 Apr. 2005 Sep. 2006 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009 Jul. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep. 2009 Nov. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Dec. 2010 Mar. 2011 Aug. 2011 May 2012 

Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation

I’m going to read you a list of things that some people worry about and others do not. I’d like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the followings. How worried are you about …? Are yo u very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? Kaiser Family Foundation -----------------------------------Right now--------------------------------Very Somewhat Not too Not at all worried worried worried worried Having to pay more for your health care or health insurance^ Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May–Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.–Dec. 2007 Feb. 2008 (Registered voters) Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Mar. 2011 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Your health plan being more concerned about saving money for the plan than

47% 40 38 41 39 41 34 37 34 38 45 37 31 41 39 38 29 40 33

31% 32 33 34 34 32 33 34 33 34 32 35 38 34 35 33 40 33 31

10% 12 11 14 13 13 17 11 15 13 14 16 17 13 12 14 15 13 13

12% 16 17 11 13 13 13 17 17 14 9 11 13 12 13 13 16 12 22

58

about what is the best treatment for you^ Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May-Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.–Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2009 Not being able to afford the health care services you think you need Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 Mar.–Apr. 2006# Black men Black women White men White women May–Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.–Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Feb. 2013 The quality of health care services you receive getting worse Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May–Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.–Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2009 Not being able to afford the prescription drugs you need Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May–Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jul. 2009

35% 30 27 31 32 33 28 24 27 28

32% 31 35 33 34 34 33 33 32 31

15 16 15 18 16 16 16 19 16 21

15 20 21 16 16 14 21 23 23 18

38% 34 32 23 38 37 21 16 36 34 35 29 28 31 38 34 34 32 29 31 32 25 29

24% 27 25 27 22 21 27 29 27 28 30 26 28 29 29 32 28 30 28 30 30 23 29

18% 15 18 20 17 17 20 22 19 17 15 19 20 17 18 20 21 17 19 19 20 20 20

19% 24 24 29 24 24 32 32 18 20 13 25 24 23 15 14 17 20 22 19 18 32 22

29% 28 27 32 29 33 26 24 26 32

29% 28 31 28 30 29 30 28 27 30

19% 18 16 19 18 17 18 22 21 19

22% 24 24 20 20 19 24 26 25 19

36% 32 28 33 31 27 27 25 27

23% 21 22 23 25 23 22 24 25

18% 17 18 22 18 17 20 20 25

22% 30 30 22 26 32 31 31 22

59

Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Losing your health insurance coverage^ Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May–Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov.–Dec. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Jun. 2013 Having to stay in your current job instead of taking a new job for fear of losing health benefits*^ Feb. 2004 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 May–Jun. 2007 Oct. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Sep. 2011 May 2012 You or a family member getting HIV or AIDS Mar.–Apr. 2006 Black men Black women White men White women

27 28 26 28 20

29 24 26 26 20

21 19 22 21 21

24 28 25 25 39

32% 27 26 34 29 29 26 23 29 34 30 29 26 24 26 30 21 32

19% 22 19 20 21 22 19 20 20 20 27 23 28 24 24 26 21 19

19% 19 21 20 19 21 19 22 19 22 22 24 20 18 26 19 20 22

29% 33 34 25 30 27 35 35 31 24 21 22 26 32 23 24 38 25

17% 12 14 17 14 13 16 14 19 14 12 14 12

14% 16 15 14 18 16 14 17 23 17 18 21 11

16% 19 19 24 21 19 22 21 24 21 27 23 19

51% 51 51 45 46 50 47 47 34 47 41 41 56

11% 34 30 5 8

16% 18 16 13 16

25% 19 24 27 23

47% 28 30 54 54

Note: *Question asked of those who are employed. ^Question asked of those who are insured. # Wording changed to not getting the healthcare you need.”  Over the past 12 months, has there been a time when you have been unable to afford necessary health care for yourself or a family member, or not? Yes 25% 26 No 75% 74

Oct. 2004 Dec. 2006–Jan. 2007

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Note: Forty-one percent of African Americans say they have been unable to afford necessary health care for themselves or a family member over the past 12 months. Twenty-three percent of whites said the same thing.

60

In the past 12 months, have you had any problems paying medical bills, or not? Yes 20% 22 22 24 No 79% 78 77 76

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Mar. 2008 Jun. 2009 

Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR

Was there a time over the past 12 months when you or another family member living in your household needed medical care, but did not get it? Yes 16% 17 17 18 No 84% 83 82 82

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Mar. 2008 Jun. 2009

Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR

(If yes) Was it mainly for financial reasons or some other reasons? Yes 79% 80 No 21% 20

Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 

Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR Harvard/Robert Wood Johnson/ICR

Thinking back over the past year, would you say that each of the following has —gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? Ho w about…? May 2006 Gallup ------------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 96% 1% * 78 72 71 60 58 57 41 37 36 32 18 15 25 16 24 30 28 39 44 51 34 33 2% 1 6 2 5 4 2 8 4 19 43

The price you pay for a gallon of gasoline The amount you pay for home utilities such as heating/electricity/water The price you pay for food and other groceries The value of your home (asked of home owners) Your local property taxes The amount of money you pay out-of-pocket for healthcare/Rx drugs The amount you pay for health insurance coverage Your state taxes Your federal income taxes Your rent (asked of renters) Your take home pay after taxes and deductions The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month Mar. 2008 Gallup

The value of your home The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month 

------------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 34% 25% 35% 13 35 48

What about the health care you receive? Are you generally satisfied or dissatisfied with the quality of the health care you receive? Would you say you are very satisfied/dissatisfied or somewhat satisfied/dissatisfied? -----------------------Quality of health care you receive-------------------Very Somewhat Somewhat Very satisfied satisfied dissatisfied dissatisfied 41% 36% 8% 12%

Feb. 2007

CBS/NYT

61

Jun. 2009 Sep. 2009 Mar. 2011 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

47 41 43

30 37 35

6 10 7

14 8 9

Are you satisfied or dissatisfied with your health care costs, both expenses not covered by insurance and the cost of your insurance if any? Would you say you are very satisfied/dissatisfied or somewhat satisfied/dissatisfied? ----------------------------Health care costs--------------------------------Very Somewhat Somewhat Very satisfied satisfied dissatisfied dissatisfied 20% 23% 19% 33% 23 27 15 33 22 26 24 23

Feb. 2007 Jun. 2009 Sep. 2009 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

How concerned are you about the health care costs you and your family might face in the coming years – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 52% 59 57 49 Somewhat concerned 37% 27 32 37 Not at all concerned 10% 14 11 13

Feb. 2007 Mar.–Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

How concerned are you about the possibility that you will have major health care bills in the next few years – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 36% Somewhat concerned 43% Not at all concerned 20%

Feb. 2007 

CBS/NYT

In general, how concerned are you about not having enough money to pay for your current health care costs – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 26% 42 Somewhat concerned 38% 29 Not at all concerned 35 28

Feb. 2007 Mar–Apr. 2008 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

In recent years, has the employer of you or anyone in your household cut back on health care benefits or made the wage earner pay more for those benefits? Yes 49% 44 No 46% 50

Feb. 2007 Jun. 2009

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Note: Sample is those with health insurance.  In the past 12 months have you put off any major purchases because of the cost of health care? Yes 24% No 76%

Feb. 2007 

CBS/NYT

In the past 12 months, was there any time when you or anyone in your household had no health insurance of any kind? Yes 20% No 79%

Feb. 2007

CBS NYT

Note: Sample is those with health insurance.

62

Right now, are you or is anyone in your household staying in a job they want to leave mainly because of fear of losing your health coverage or not? Yes No Oct. 2007 LA Times/Bloomberg 13% 86% How much of a problem is it for you or your family to pay for prescription medicines that you need? A problem but not serious 25% Not much of a problem 58%

Mar. 2008

Kaiser/Harvard/USA Today

Serious problem 16%

<$25,000 Serious problem for you and your family to pay for drugs Last 2 years, ever not filled a prescription because of the cost Last 2 years, ever skipped doses or cut pills in half Have insurance that helps pay for drugs Usually talk to doctor about cost of medicine Self or family member ever applied for a discount from a pharmaceutical company  29% 40 31 63 57 29

$25,000$49,999 19% 33 28 78 47 15

$50,000$74,999 13% 28 19 88 37 13

$75,000+ 5% 1 14 95 34 8

In the past year, have you or another family member living in your household _________ because of the cost or not? Apr. 2008 Kaiser Family Foundation Have 24% 23 19 8 29 Have not 76% 76 80 90 70

Skipped a recommended medical test or treatment Not filled a prescription for a medicine Cut pills in half or skipped doses of medicine Had problems getting mental health care Put off or postponed getting health care you needed  How concerned are you, if at all, about . . . ? Dec. 2008 ABC/Wash Post Very concerned Being unable to afford necessary health care when a family member gets sick Being able to heat your home this winter Not having enough money to pay your rent or mortgage  33% 16 21

Somewhat concerned 20% 20 16

Not so concerned 17% 20 16

Not concerned at all 29% 43 41

Please tell me whether you are confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not confident at all about each of the following? Mar. 2009 CNN/ORC Very/somewhat Confident Your ability to pay your bills if someone in your family has a major medical emergency The chances that no one in your household will lose health insurance coverage in the next six months 64% 78 Not too/Not confident at all 36% 21

Please tell me if each of the following does or does not describe your own feelings about the health reform law. The first is…anxious. Does this describe your own feelings about the health reform law, or not? Describes 50% Does not describe 48%

Sep. 2009

Kaiser Family Foundation

63

Oct. 2009 Dec. 2009 Apr. 2010 May 2010 Jun. 2010 Jul. 2010

Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation Kaiser Family Foundation

49 47 42 36 42 39

49 52 56 63 56 59

Housing Anxiety
In an April 2013 Gallup poll, 35 percent were very or moderately worried about not being able to pay their rent, mortgage, or other housing costs. Kaiser’s responses have been a little higher. In their June 2013 poll, 47 percent said they were very or moderately worried about not being able to pay the rent or mortgage.
 Does being able to pay for the upkeep or rent of your home worry you a lot, a little, or not at all at the present time? A lot 23% 39 33 36 33 36 34 A little 29% 35 29 28 31 29 33 Not at all 48% 26 38 36 36 35 34

Mar. 1974 Jan. 1976 Aug. 1976 Sep. 1976 Oct. 1976 Mar. 1982 Jun. 1982 

Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners

Would you read down the list and then tell me for each one whether that happens to be a real concern of yours, or something of a concern, or something you’re not concerned about: availability of housing you can afford. Real concern 49% Something of a concern 23% Not concerned 22%

Jan. 1981 

Roper Organization

Do you think most people today can or cannot afford the kind of housing they would like? Can afford 7% 20 Cannot afford 90% 76

May 1981 Apr. 1986 

AP/NBC News NBC News/WSJ

Looking into the future, do you think most people will or will not be able to afford the kind of housing they would like? Will be able to afford 13% 25 Will not be able to afford 81% 67

May 1981 Apr. 1986 

AP/NBC News NBC News/WSJ

As I read a list of family concerns, please tell me if each causes you a great deal of worry, some worry, or not much worry: keeping up with housing costs or payments. A great deal 21% Some 31% Not much 43%

Oct. 1989 

Gallup/Newsweek

Do you currently rent your home, or are you buying it with a mortgage, or is it entirely paid for? Rent 25% 28 25 21 21 Mortgage 39% 45 46 48 49 Paid for 34% 25 25 28 28

Nov. 1990 Mar. 2005 Jun. 2005 Dec. 2006 Feb. 2008

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT

64

Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jan. 2009 Feb. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Jul. 2010 Jun. 2011 Apr. 2012 May 2012 Dec. 2012

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS

22 25 22 23 23 23 27 29 26 24 28

50 45 46 47 49 46 44 42 45 48 41

26 25 29 25 26 30 26 26 27 28 27

(Among those who have mortgage) How concerned are you about not being able to pay your mortgage very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 13% 17 19 Somewhat concerned 24% 31 25 Not at all concerned 63% 52 56

Feb. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

As a result of what is happening in the economy, please tell me whether or not you are worried about each of the following. Are you worried about maintaining mortgage payments? Worried 27% 29 24 25 Not worried 54% 53 65 65 Doesn’t apply 19% 18 11 9

Jan. 1991 Oct. 1991 May 2003 Nov. 2003 

Gallup/Newsweek Gallup.Newsweek Princeton/Newsweek Princeton/Newsweek

At any time within the last 12 months did you fall behind in paying your rent or mortgage? Yes, fell behind 9% 7 15 No 91% 93 85

Feb. 1991 Jan. 2005 Dec. 2008 

NORC/GSS NORC/GSS ABC/Wash Post

Do you think what you are currently paying for housing is more than you can afford, about as much as you can afford, or could you afford more if you wanted? More than I can afford 10% 13 13 12 As much as I can afford 56% 51 56 55 Could afford more 31% 31 25 26

Apr. 1991 Mar. 2005 Mar.–Apr. 2008 Jun. 2011 

CBS/NYT NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

For each item I name will you tell me if it worries you a great deal, a good amount, just a little, or not at all: it costs too much to buy a home. A great A good Just deal amount a little Not at all Oct. 1991 ABC News/Washington Post 47% 15% 15% 23% Oct. 1992 ABC News/Washington Post 48 17 17 18 Jul. 1996 Washington Post 35 13 22 29 There are some problems Americans might face. Are they something you worry about a great deal, a little, or not at all: the cost of housing. A great deal 44% A little 34% Not at all 21%

Dec. 1991 

Time/CNN/Yankelovich

How easy is it for you and your family to afford housing? Very easy, easy, difficult or very difficult?

65

Jan. 1992 May 1992 Aug. 1992 

PSRA/US News PSRA/US News PSRA/US News

Very easy 7% 10 7

Easy 55% 50 49

Difficult 27% 27 31

Very difficult 7% 8 9

How satisfied are you with the housing you are able to afford? Very satisfied, satisfied, dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied? Very satisfied PSRA/US News 10% Pew 21 Pew 15 Satisfied 68% 57 60 Dissatisfied 16% 14 17 Very dissatisfied 5% 6 5

Jan. 1992 Jun. 2001 Jan. 2008 

How concerned are you, if at all, about losing your home because you can’t afford to keep it or being able to own your own home? Very concerned Princeton 31% Princeton 38 Pew/Princeton 30 Somewhat concerned 16% 19 16 Not too concerned 20% 20 21 Not at all concerned 28% 19 28

Mar. 1994 Oct. 1995 May 1997 

How difficult was it for you to afford housing expenses during the past year: very difficult, somewhat difficult, not very difficult, or not difficult at all? Very difficult 12% 9 Somewhat difficult 24% 23 Not very difficult 27% 28 Not difficult at all 37% 40

Mar. 1995 Oct. 1995 

Marist College Marist College

For each of the following, please tell me whether or not it is something you and your family have had to deal with recently: You have had problems paying the rent or mortgage for yourself or your family. Dealt with 21% 17 19 Not dealt with 79% 83 81

Jul. 1996 Oct. 2000 Mar. 2001 

Washington Post/Kaiser Washington Post/Kaiser/Harvard Washington Post/Kaiser/Harvard

Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned that in the future you might have difficulty paying your rent or mortgage? Very concerned 25% 25 Somewhat concerned 16% 17 Not too concerned 15% 17 Not at all concerned 41% 41

May 1997 Jan. 2000 

Kaiser Kaiser

For each of the following, please tell me whether or not it is something that has happened to you and your immediate family during the past year or so. Have you had problems paying your rent or mortgage? Yes 13% No 87%

Jan. 2000 

Kaiser/Newshour

Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about . . . ? Very worried Not being able to pay your rent, mortgage or other housing costs Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Moderately worried Not too worried Not at all worried

10% 8

14% 14

28% 26

44% 47

66

Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Dec. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup/USA Today Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

11 11 10 11 11 18 16 17 18 21 19 16

14 13 13 16 15 18 17 18 20 15 20 19

27 26 30 29 31 24 25 26 28 25 28 23

43 42 43 37 38 35 35 33 28 33 29 35

Thinking about the next six months, please tell me how worried are you that each of the following might happen to you. How worried are you that you might not be able to pay your rent or mortgage? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? Very concerned 16% 15 15 Somewhat concerned 16% 16 15 Not too concerned 20% 17 21 Not at all concerned 47% 51 49

Aug. 2003 Oct. 2003 Dec. 2003 

Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

I’m going to read you a list of things that some people worry about and others do not. I’d like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the following. How worried are you about …? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? Not being able to pay your rent or mortgage Very worried 27% 28 24 31 27 26 21 29 24 22 23 22 30 27 26 24 27 21 21 25 29 22 25 25 18 28 20 21 30 Moderately worried 16% 15 18 17 16 16 19 17 16 20 17 20 15 18 19 19 20 18 20 21 25 23 19 22 18 23 20 18 17 Not too worried 19% 17 18 14 17 17 19 15 19 19 19 17 20 18 20 19 19 19 21 16 19 21 19 22 24 18 17 22 20 Not worried at all 37% 39 40 37 39 40 40 37 41 39 41 40 34 36 34 37 33 41 39 36 25 34 36 30 39 30 42 38 32

Feb. 2004 Apr. 2004 Jun. 2004 Aug. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Feb. 2005 Mar. 2005 Jun. 2005 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 Aug. 2006 Oct. 2006 Mar. 2007 May 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jul. 2009* Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Mar. 2011 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Feb. 2013 Jun. 2013 Note: Asked of a half sample.

Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

67

Are you worried about being able to afford housing? Are you very worried or just somewhat worried? Very worried 14% Somewhat worried 14% Not worried 71%

Aug. 2004 

Time/SRBI

How concerned are you, if at all, about not having enough money to pay your rent or mortgage? Are you wvery concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about this? Very concerned 23% Somewhat concerned 17% Not too concerned 19% Not at all concerned 35%

Sep. 2007 

Pew

How worried are you that you will have difficulty making your mortgage payments over the next year – very worried, fairly worried, only a little worried, or not worried at all? Very worried 10% Fairly worried 5% Only a little worried 19% Not worried at all 66%

Sep. 2007 

NBC/WSJ

How concerned are you right now about not being able to pay your rent, mortgage or other housing costs – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried or not worried at all? Very worried 14% Moderately worried 20% Not too worried 27% Not worried at all 38%

Dec. 2007 

ABC/Washington Post

For each of the following, please tell me whether or not it is something that happened to you in the past year. Have you had problems paying your rent or mortgage? Yes 16% 20 21 24 26 23 23 No 83% 80 79 76 73 76 76

Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 Jul. 2012 Mar. 2013 

Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew

How concerned are you about being able to pay your housing costs—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 31% 24 28 Somewhat concerned 38% 36 36 Not at all concerned 30% 19 36

Mar. 2008 Jan. 2009 Apr. 2012 

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

Do you personally have any close friends or relatives who have filed for bankruptcy or have had a foreclosure during the past year, or not? Yes 22% 27 No 78% 73

Mar. 2008 Jan. 2009

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

68

 

There has been a lot of news lately about problems with the economy. As a result of the recent changes in the economy, have you and your family experienced any of the following problems, or not? What about problems paying your rent or mortgage? Was this a serious problem, or not? (2008) Have you or your family experienced any of the following problems as a result of the economic downturn, or not: Had problems paying your rent or mortgage? Was this a serious problem, or not? (2009 to 2010) Yes, serious problem 19% 14 15 21 21 19 18 17 19 18 Yes, not a serious problem 10% 8 8 8 12 10 7 8 9 7 Not a problem 70% 77 76 71 67 71 75 75 71 74

Apr. 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 Jun. 2009 Dec. 2010 

Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

How concerned are you, if at all, about not having enough money to pay your rent or mortgage – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about this? Very concerned 21% 24 33 Somewhat concerned 16% 22 20 Not too concerned 16% 17 15 Not at all concerned 41% 33 28

Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Oct. 2010 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post Wash Post

How concerned are you about being able to pay your housing costs—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? Very concerned 24% Somewhat concerned 36% Not very concerned 19% Not at all concerned 22%

Jan. 2009 

CBS/NYT

As you may know, in many areas of the country, home values have declined over the last year. How much has the decline in home values affected you personally – a lot, some, not much, or not at all? A lot 17% Some 22% Not much 23% Not at all 38%

Jan. 2009 

CBS/NYT

If you were about to lose your job would you or would you not be concerned about losing your home? MetLife/Strategy First Partners/Penn, Schoen, & Berland Associates Concerned 64% Not concerned 36%

Jan. 2009

Note: Asked to people who are employed and own a home.  (If own a home) At any time within the last 12 months did you fall behind in paying your mortgage? Feb.–Mar. 2009  Yes, fell behind 7% No 90 %

Quinnipiac

(If own a home) How concerned are you, if at all, about not having enough money to pay your mortgage - very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about this? Very concerned 15% Somewhat concerned 21% Not too concerned 18% Not at all concerned 42%

Feb.–Mar. 2009

Quinnipiac

69

As a result of being unemployed, have you been threatened with foreclosure or eviction for not paying your mortgage or rent, or haven’t you? Did you lose your home, or didn’t you? Yes, and lost home 13% 8 Yes, but did not lost home 13% 12

Dec. 2009 Oct. 2011

CBS News/NYT CBS News/NYT

No 74% 78

Note: Asked of the unemployed.  For each of the following, please tell me whether or not it is something that has happened to you during the recession which began December 2007. Have you had problems paying your rent or mortgage? Yes 20% No 76%

May 2010 

Pew

In the last 12 months, as a result of bad economic conditions, have you been threatened with foreclosure or eviction for not paying your mortgage or rent, or haven’t you? Yes, and lost home 2% Yes, but didn’t lost home 6%

Jul. 2010 

CBS

No 91%

How concerned are you that in the next 12 months you will lose your home to eviction or foreclosure – very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not concerned at all? Very concerned 14% Somewhat concerned 13% Not concerned at all 72%

Oct. 2010 

CBS News/NYT

In the last 3 years, have you or has someone you know been threatened with foreclosure or eviction for not paying the mortgage or rent, or not? Yes, lost home 26% Yes, didn’t lose home 15%

Oct. 2010 

CBS News/NYT

No 57%

In the last three years, has someone you know personally been threatened with foreclosure or eviction for not paying their mortgage or rent, or not? Did they lose their home, or not? Yes and lost home 34% Yes and didn’t lose home 16%

Jun. 2011 

CBS News/NYT

No 48%

In the last three years, have you been threatened with foreclosure or eviction for not paying your mortgage or rent, or haven’t you? Did you lose your home, or didn’t you? Yes and lost home 2% Yes and didn’t lose home 5%

Jun. 2011 

CBS News/NYT

No 93%

How worried are you about each of the following – very worried, fairly worried, slightly worried, or not worried at all? Time/Abt SRBI Being able to pay your rent or mortgage Sep. 2011 The housing market Sep. 2011 Very worried 18% Fairly worried 12% Slightly worried 22% Not worried at all 42%

36

13

22

24

70

Note: Asked of a half sample.  For each of the following, please tell me if it is something that has happened to you in the past two years, or not. In the past two years, have you had problems paying your rent or mortgage or not? --------------------Full time workers-----------Yes, has happened to me No, has not happened to me in the past two years in the past two years 27% 72% ----Long-term unemployed/long-term underemployed workers---47% 53%

Oct. 2011 Oct. 2011

Kaiser Kaiser

Home Values
 Do you feel you need to save less because your home is increasing in value and this itself is a form of savings, or not? Yes 6% 16 No 89% 78

Oct. 1978 Apr. 1985

Cambridge Reports Cambridge Reports

Note: Asked of those who own their own home.  A year or two from now, do you think the value of your home will be a lot higher, a little higher, a little lower, or about the same as it is now? A lot A little A little A lot Same as higher higher lower lower it is now Apr. 1982 Cambridge Reports 11% 48% 8% 2% 25% Apr. 1983 Cambridge Reports 11 53 6 2 24 Apr. 1984 Cambridge Reports 17 53 6 1 20 Jan. 1992 Cambridge Reports 7 38 11 4 35 Jan. 1993 Cambridge Reports 6 41 8 3 38 Note: Asked of those who own their own home.  In the past year or so, has the value of your home – that is, the price you would get for it if you sold it – increased a lot, increased a little, decreased a little, decreased a lot, or has it stayed about the same as it was? Increased a lot Apr. 1982 Cambridge Reports 42% Apr. 1983 Cambridge Reports 22 Apr. 1984 Cambridge Reports 24 Jan. 1992 Cambridge Reports 14 Jan. 1993 Cambridge Reports 12 Note: Asked of those who own their own home.  Increased a little 35% 44 44 27 32 Decreased a little 6% 8 8 22 19 Decreased a lot 2% 2 3 8 7 Stayed the same 13% 19 17 26 28

Do you think the value of your home will go up, go down, or stay the same in the next year? Go up 55% 30 42 Go down 4% 16 10 Stay same 38% 51 43

Jun. 1990 ABC News Nov. 1991 LA Times Aug. 1993 ABC News Note: Asked of homeowners 

Do you think the value of your home, that is the amount of money you could sell your house for will increase this year, decrease this year, or stay about the same? Increase 38% Decrease 7% Stay same 54%

Jan. 1995

ABC News

71

Dec. 1995 Mar. 1997 Mar. 1998

ABC News ABC News ABC News

41 44 44

8 5 3

50 47 51

Note: Asked of homeowners  Here are a number of events that have happened in the past several months. For each one, please tell me how much this has affected you personally–a great deal, quite a bit, just some, or not at all? NBC/WSJ Great deal The slowdown in the economy Jan. 2001 Jan. 2009 The decline in the stock market Jan. 2001 Jan. 2009 The decrease in home values Jan. 2009  12% 22 16% 22 14% Quite a bit 12% 20 13% 16 11% Just some 40% 42 29% 30 27% Not at all 36% 16 41% 31 47%

In the next year, do you expect your home to increase in value, stay the same, or decrease in value? Increase value Nov. 2002 Gallup/CNN/USA Today 63% Oct. 2006 Gallup/USA Today 41 Note: Asked of those who own their primary residence. Stay the same 29% 43 Decrease value 6% 13

Thinking back over the past year, would you say that each of the following has —gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? How about…? May 2006 Gallup -----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 96% 1% * 78 72 71 60 58 57 41 37 36 32 18 15 25 16 24 30 28 39 44 51 34 33 2% 1 6 2 5 4 2 8 4 19 43

The price you pay for a gallon of gasoline The amount you pay for home utilities such as heating/electricity/water The price you pay for food and other groceries The value of your home (asked of home owners) Your local property taxes The amount of money you pay out-of-pocket for healthcare/Rx drugs The amount you pay for health insurance coverage Your state taxes Your federal income taxes Your rent (asked of renters) Your take home pay after taxes and deductions The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month Mar. 2008 Gallup

The value of your home The amount of money you are able to put away in savings each month

-----------------Over the past year-----------------Gone Remain Total gone up the same down 34% 25% 35% 13 35 48

72

Thinking back over the past year, would you say the value of your home has gone up a lot, gone up a little, remained about the same, gone down a little, or gone down a lot? Gone up a lot 35% 8 Gone up a little 36% 26 Remain same 16% 25 Gone down a little 4% 24 Gone down a lot 2% 11

May 2006 Mar. 2008 

Gallup/USA Today Gallup

In the future, do you think the value of your home will increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? Increase a lot 26% Increase a little 55% Decrease a little 9% Decrease a lot 1%

Oct. 2006 Pew Note: Asked of homeowners. 

In the past year, would you say the value of your home increased, stayed the same, or decreased? Increased 66% Stayed the same 23% Decreased 10%

Oct. 2006 Gallup/USA Today Note: Asked of homeowners. 

Thinking about your financial assets, would you say that the value of your home represents all or most of your personal financial worth, about half of your financial worth, or less than half of your financial worth? All or most of your personal financial worth 34% About half of your financial worth 34% Less than half of your financial worth 25%

Oct. 2006 Pew Note: Asked of homeowners. 

Thinking about your primary residence, has the value of your home increased or decreased over the past few years? Would you say it increased a lot, increased a little, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? Increased a lot 46% 25 Increased a little 38% 42 Decreased a little 5% 11 Decreased a lot 2% 10

Oct. 2006 Pew Jan. 2008 Pew Note: Asked of homeowners. 

Is the value of your home rising, falling, or not really changing either way? Home value is not changing either way 31%

Home value is rising Jan. 2007 NBC News/WSJ 59% Note: Asked of those who own their own home. 

Home value is falling 7%

Do you expect the value of your home to increase, decrease, or stay about the same over the next twelve months? Increase 48% 40 34 25 24 17 20 19 22 18 15 22 Decrease 8% 11 50 21 20 22 20 21 14 24 30 20 Stay the same 44% 49 16 54 56 61 59 60 64 58 55 58

Mar. 2007 Oct. 2007 Dec. 2007 Feb. 2008 Sep. 2008 Dec. 2008 Dec. 2009 Oct. 2010 Nov. 2010 Mar. 2011 Jun. 2011 Mar. 2012

CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC CNBC

73

May 2012 CNBC Sep. 2012 CNBC Nov. 2012 CNBC Mar. 2013 CNBC Jun. 2013 CNBC Note: Asked of a half sample. 

22 27 24 33 38

16 19 13 13 14

62 54 63 54 48

If you had to give your best estimate, by what percentage do you expect the value of your home to increase over the next twelve months? Please use only whole numbers, without any decimals. Not sure 1% to 4% 5% to 9% 10% or more how much Mar. 2007 CNBC 25% 28% 40% 8% Oct. 2007 CNBC 21 21 42 15 Dec. 2007 CNBC 18 29 39 14 Feb. 2008 CNBC 20 30 35 15 Sep. 2008 CNBC 25 29 38 8 Dec. 2008 CNBC 24 29 29 18 Dec. 2009 CNBC 19 29 38 14 Oct. 2010 CNBC 32 21 32 16 Nov. 2010 CNBC 27 27 27 18 Mar. 2011 CNBC 28 28 33 11 Jun. 2011 CNBC 27 20 40 13 Mar. 2012 CNBC 27 23 41 9 May 2012 CNBC 27 27 32 14 Sep. 2012 CNBC 26 26 37 11 Nov. 2012 CNBC 38 21 25 17 Mar. 2013 CNBC 30 30 30 9 Jun. 2013 CNBC 24 29 39 8 Note: Asked of those who expect the value of their home to increase over the next twelve months

How worried are you, personally, that the problems in the home mortgage lending industry will have a negative impact on the value of your home? Not too worried, not at all worried, somewhat worried, very worried Very/Somewhat worried 40% Not too/Not at all worried 57%

Aug. 2007

Gallup

Note: Asked of homeowners.  What’s your impression about the real estate market in your area? Over the past year, have home prices gone up a lot, gone up a little, gone down a little, gone down a lot? Gone up a lot 28% 28 20 19 11 8 8 9 Gone up a little 22% 18 13 14 11 13 17 16 Gone down a little 25% 23 32 29 33 35 34 29 Gone down a lot 15% 18 24 25 34 31 29 36

Sep. 2007 Feb. 2008 Jul. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Sep.–Oct. 2009 Dec. 2010 Jun. 2011 

PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew PSRA/Pew

Reuters/University of Michigan Survey of Consumer Data

--------------------------Evaluations of trends in home prices among homeowners---------------------------Expected annual change in value Expected annual change in value Change in home value in the past year of home during the year ahead of home during the next five years Decrease Increase Decrease Increase Decrease Increase 2007 Q2 17% 49% 14% 35% 7% 65% 2007 Q3 21 44 17 33 9 66

74

2007 Q4 Jan. 2008 

29 29

35 29

22 20

25 23

9 9

63 60

How concerned are you that the value of your home will decrease over the next six months? Very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, not at all concerned Very concerned 21% Somewhat concerned 23% Not too concerned 36% Not at all concerned 20%

Dec. 2007

AP/Yahoo

Note: Asked of homeowners.  Thinking about your family’s financial assets, would you say that the value of your home represents more than half of your family’s financial worth, about half of your financial worth, or less than half of your financial worth? More than half of your family’s financial worth 30% About half of your financial worth 32% Less than half of your financial worth 31%

Jan. 2008

Pew

Note: Asked of homeowners.  Has the value of your home increased or decreased over the past few years? Would you say it has increased a little or increased a lot/decreased a little or decreased a lot? Increased a little 25% Increased a lot 42% Decreased a little 11% Decreased a lot 10 %

Jan.–Feb. 2008

PSRA/Pew

Note: Asked of homeowners.  How much do you worry about seeing the value of your home drop? A lot, some, not much, not at all A lot 22% Some 26% Not much 22% Not at all 30%

Feb. 2008 

AP/Ipsos

As you think about your own financial situation, which of the following economic issues worries you most right now? PSRA/Pew Worries me the most Rising prices Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 June. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep./Oct. 2009 Problems in the financial markets Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2010 Aug. 2009 Sep./Oct. 2009 The job situation 49% 38 31 21 22 29 26 27

14% 31 29 21 21 15 14 14

75

Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep./Oct. 2009 Declining real estate values Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Jun. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sep./Oct. 2009 

19% 18 26 45 42 42 44 46

12% 8 9 9 10 8 9 7

Is your home now worth more or less than it was worth when you bought it? More 82% Less 11%

Mar. 2008

CNN/ORC

Note: Asked of homeowners.  Is your home now worth more or less than it was five years ago? More 70% Less 18%

Mar. 2008

CNN/ORC

Note: Asked of homeowners.

Comparative Anxiety
Here we show a variety of questions about things people worry about from being a victim of crime or of a terrorist attack to losing health insurance. The Kaiser Family Foundation polling team asks about being “very” or “somewhat” worried, and Gallup asks about being “very” or “moderately” worried. These produce some differences in responses. We also examine specific anxieties that pollsters routinely ask about. These include gas prices, crime, and terrorism. Last, we look at questions that ask respondents to compare their current situation now to four years.

For each of the following items I read, please tell me whether you feel very confident about it, somewhat confident, not very confident, not at all confident. Fox News Very confident About the future security of your job Oct. 1999 Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar. 2009 About your own personal financial future 62% 51 37 32 Somewhat confident 25% 31 27 28 Not very confident 8% 9 10 10 Not at all confident 3% 5 5 5

76

May 1999 Jan. 2001 Jan. 2002 Jun. 2003 Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar. 2009 Sep. 2010 About making decisions about your personal financial investments Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar.2009 In the U.S. stock market Mar. 2002 Apr. 2003 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2007 Sep. 2008 Mar. 2009 That you are saving enough money for your retirement Oct. 2007  

36 32 36 26 37 32 32 30

47 50 45 48 43 49 47 48

11 10 11 17 13 12 13 16

2 4 3 6 6 4 6 5

46 36 39 18 12 17 21 8 11

34 40 35 35 34 43 44 38 30

11 16 14 19 24 21 17 28 31

6 5 9 15 19 12 10 20 21

29

33

17

16

(Kaiser Family Foundation) I’m going to read you a list of things that some people worry about and others do not. I’d like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the followings. How worried are you about…? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? (Gallup) Next, please tell me how concerned you are right now about each of the following financial matters, based on your current financial situation – are you very worried, moderately worried, not too worried, or not worried at all. If a particular item does not apply to you please say so. First, how worried are you about… How about— Very worried Your income not keeping up with rising prices Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May-Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Feb. 2008* Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Feb. 2009 Kaiser Apr. 2009 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser Mar. 2011 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Jun. 2013 Kaiser Note: * Asked of registered voters. Not having enough money to pay your bills Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men Somewhat worried Not too worried Not at all worried

40% 40 36 45 41 39 43 41 47 53 46 37 40 40 40 32 43 38 46

29% 30 32 30 30 33 31 32 32 28 32 35 32 33 32 38 30 31 30

14% 13 14 12 14 16 11 13 10 12 13 17 16 13 15 14 15 11 13

16% 16 17 13 14 10 14 13 11 8 9 12 12 13 13 15 11 18 10

19% 33 31 12

32% 26 30 32

21% 18 20 22

28 % 22 19 34

77

White women Oct. 2011 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women

15 31% 40 38 26 29 Very worried

32 31% 26 35 29 35 Moderately worried

24 19% 14 12 20 22 Not too worried

28 19 % 20 15 24 14 Not worried at all

Not having enough to pay your normal monthly bills Apr. 2001 Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

12% 11 12 12 13 14 14 20 20 19 18 22 22 16

20% 19 18 20 17 24 19 24 24 25 26 21 24 23

29% 27 29 28 32 30 32 25 24 26 28 26 28 27

39% 42 40 39 37 30 34 30 30 28 26 29 24 32

Not being able to make the minimum payments on your credit cards Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Sep. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Apr. 2011 Gallup Apr. 2012 Gallup Apr. 2013 Gallup Not being able to pay your rent, mortgage or other housing costs Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Apr. 2013 Gallup Not being able to maintain the standard of living you enjoy Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup

9% 7 7 7 7 9 9 11 13 10 11 14 12 9

9% 8 9 10 9 8 9 12 12 13 13 10 12 10

22% 21 21 22 22 24 23 19 19 20 21 21 20 20

41% 48 47 46 45 41 41 42 39 37 37 39 36 41

10% 8 11 11 10 11 11 18 17 18 16

14% 14 14 13 13 16 15 18 18 20 19

28% 26 27 26 30 29 31 24 26 28 23

44% 47 43 42 43 37 38 35 33 28 35

16% 12

27% 23

30% 31

26% 32

78

Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

14 16 14 18 18 25 24 21 23 27 27 20

24 23 27 31 23 30 32 32 31 31 28 31

32 29 31 28 32 24 24 28 30 23 26 26

29 31 28 22 26 20 19 18 15 18 17 22

Not being able to get a loan to pay for a home, car, tuition, or business Sep. 2008 Gallup Dec. 2008 Gallup

20% 17 Very worried

15% 19 Somewhat worried

22% 19 Not too worried

33% 34 Not at all worried

Having to pay more for your health care or health insurance^ Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May-Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Feb. 2008* Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Feb. 2009 Kaiser Apr. 2009 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser Mar. 2011 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Your health plan being more concerned about saving money for the plan than about what is the best treatment for you^ Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May-Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Not being able to afford the health care services you think you need Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser Mar.-Apr. 2006# Kaiser Black men Black women

47% 40 38 41 39 34 37 34 38 45 37 31 41 39 38 29 40 33

31% 32 33 34 34 33 34 33 34 32 35 38 34 35 33 40 33 31

10% 12 11 14 13 17 11 15 13 14 16 17 13 12 14 15 13 13

12% 16 17 11 13 13 17 17 14 9 11 13 12 13 13 16 12 22

35% 30 27 31 32 28 24 27 28

32% 31 35 33 34 33 33 32 31

15% 16 15 18 16 16 19 16 21

15% 20 21 16 16 21 23 23 18

38% 34 32 23 38 37

24% 27 25 27 22 21

18% 15 18 20 17 17

19% 24 24 29 24 24

79

White men White women May-Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Nov.-Dec. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Feb. 2009 Kaiser Apr. 2009 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser Mar. 2011 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Feb. 2013 Kaiser The quality of health care services you receive getting worse Feb. 2004 Kaiser Apr. 2004 Kaiser Jun. 2004 Kaiser Aug. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2004 Kaiser Dec. 2004 Kaiser Feb. 2005 Kaiser Mar. 2005 Kaiser Jun. 2005 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser Mar. 2007 Kaiser May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Not being able to afford the prescription drugs you need Feb. 2004 Kaiser Apr. 2004 Kaiser Jun. 2004 Kaiser Aug. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2004 Kaiser Dec. 2004 Kaiser Feb. 2005 Kaiser Mar. 2005 Kaiser Jun. 2005 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser Aug. 2006 Kaiser Oct. 2006 Kaiser Mar. 2007 Kaiser May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser

21 16 36 34 35 29 28 31 38 34 34 32 29 31 20 32 25 29

27 29 27 28 30 26 28 29 29 32 28 30 28 30 31 30 23 29

20 22 19 17 15 19 20 17 18 20 21 17 19 19 23 20 20 20

32 32 18 20 13 25 24 23 15 14 17 20 22 19 25 18 32 22

29% 31 29 30 30 34 23 32 28 28 27 30 32 29 26 24 26 28 32

29% 28 28 26 28 26 33 28 29 28 31 31 28 30 30 28 27 33 30

19% 18 18 14 16 18 19 15 18 18 16 16 19 18 18 22 21 18 19

22% 21 24 29 26 22 24 24 23 24 24 21 20 20 24 26 25 21 19

36% 37 34 38 35 35 31 35 35 32 28 31 37 33 33 31 27 27 25

23% 21 24 24 25 22 26 25 23 21 22 25 21 26 23 25 23 22 24

18% 16 16 14 16 17 17 15 15 17 18 17 15 16 22 18 17 20 20

22% 25 26 23 23 26 25 25 27 30 30 27 26 24 22 26 32 31 31

80

Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Mar. 2011 Sep. 2011 May 2012

Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

27 27 28 26 16 28 20

25 29 24 26 27 26 20

25 21 19 22 25 21 21

22 24 28 25 31 25 39

Having to stay in your current job instead of taking a new job for fear of losing health benefits* Feb. 2004 Kaiser 17% Apr. 2004 Kaiser 16 Jun. 2004 Kaiser 15 Aug. 2004 Kaiser 22 Oct. 2004 Kaiser 19 Dec. 2004 Kaiser 17 Feb. 2005 Kaiser 15 Mar. 2005 Kaiser 21 Jun. 2005 Kaiser 18 Oct. 2005 Kaiser 12 Feb. 2006 Kaiser 14 Oct. 2006 Kaiser 16 May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser 17 Oct. 2007 Kaiser 14 Apr. 2008 Kaiser 13 Sep. 2008 Kaiser 16 Oct. 2008 Kaiser 14 Dec. 2009 Kaiser 19 Mar. 2010 Kaiser 14 Jun. 2010 Kaiser 12 Mar. 2011 Kaiser 10 Sep. 2011 Kaiser 14 May 2012 Kaiser 12 Note: Asked of those employed and have health benefits. Very worried Not being able to pay medical costs for normal health care Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Apr. 2011 Gallup Apr. 2012 Gallup Apr. 2013 Gallup Not being able to pay medical costs in the event of a serious illness or accident Apr. 2001 Gallup Apr. 2002 Gallup Apr. 2003 Gallup Apr. 2004 Gallup Apr. 2005 Gallup Apr. 2006 Gallup

14% 14 12 15 13 15 14 14 14 16 15 13 14 18 16 14 17 23 17 18 18 21 11

16% 18 21 16 16 22 19 18 21 19 19 18 24 21 19 22 21 24 21 27 27 23 19

51% 49 49 46 51 47 52 46 47 51 51 52 45 46 50 47 47 34 47 41 44 41 56

Moderately worried

Not too worried

Not worried at all

22% 18 17 21 23 23 21 23 26 22 27 25 24

22% 17 20 16 19 22 15 21 20 26 21 23 20

24% 26 24 24 24 26 31 24 28 27 23 27 24

31% 36 36 36 32 27 30 29 26 21 27 24 28

27% 21 24 26 30 33

23% 24 22 21 22 21

24% 25 23 24 25 21

25% 28 29 27 22 22

81

Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Apr. 2009 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup

28 34 34 33 37 35 34 Very worried

21 22 24 28 23 27 24 Somewhat worried 19% 22 19 20 21 19 20 20 20 27 23 28 24 24 26 21 19

27 20 22 20 22 20 21 Not too worried 19% 19 21 20 19 19 22 19 22 22 24 20 18 26 19 20 22

23 21 18 17 16 16 19 Not at all worried 29% 33 34 25 30 35 35 31 24 21 22 26 32 23 24 38 25

Losing your health insurance coverage^ Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May-Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Feb. 2009 Kaiser Apr. 2009 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Jun. 2013 Kaiser Being a victim of a terrorist attack Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser M ar. 2011 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Feb. 2013 Kaiser

32% 27 26 34 29 26 23 29 34 30 29 26 24 26 30 21 32

20% 18 21 25 22 18 18 19 20 16 21 20 13 19 15 15 Very worried

27% 28 26 29 29 28 29 27 29 26 24 25 23 28 24 23 Somewhat worried 25% 27 24 29 25 27 25 36 28 26 24 25

27% 25 22 25 23 24 25 25 27 29 25 29 28 27 26 31 Not too worried 29% 29 28 31 22 22 32 35 31 29 28 30

26% 29 30 19 25 30 27 29 23 28 29 25 35 25 34 30 Not at all worried 26% 28 30 28 26 26 35 24 20 25 29 28

Being a victim of violent crime Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser Mar.-Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser

19% 16 17 11 26 25 7 5 21 20 18 17

82

Oct. 2008 Dec. 2009

Kaiser Kaiser

18 17

23 26

28 31

30 26

Not being able to pay your rent or mortgage Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Nov.–Dec. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser Mar. 2011 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Feb. 2013 Kaiser Jun. 2013 Kaiser Losing your job* Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Jul. 2009 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser Mar. 2010 Kaiser Jun. 2010 Kaiser Mar. 2011 Kaiser Sep. 2011 Kaiser May 2012 Kaiser Feb. 2013 Kaiser Losing your savings in the stock market Feb. 2004 Kaiser Oct. 2005 Kaiser Feb. 2006 Kaiser May–Jun. 2007 Kaiser Oct. 2007 Kaiser Apr. 2008 Kaiser Sep. 2008 Kaiser Oct. 2008 Kaiser Dec. 2009 Kaiser

27% 22 23 25 24 27 21 21 25 29 22 25 25 18 28 20 21 30

16% 20 17 19 19 20 18 20 21 25 23 19 22 18 23 20 18 17

19% 19 19 20 19 19 19 21 16 19 21 19 22 24 18 17 22 20

37% 39 41 34 37 33 41 39 36 25 34 36 30 39 30 42 38 32

`

21% 16 20 8 23 16 5 6 19 19 21 21 27 28 26 24 24 15 25 16 20

16% 18 16 15 16 15 16 12 15 17 18 15 19 27 27 22 25 25 26 19 20

23% 22 21 20 19 19 20 18 25 23 21 23 22 23 27 23 26 25 22 23 24

40% 43 43 45 36 38 50 47 41 40 41 41 32 22 20 31 25 34 27 42 36

23% 14 15 14 16 17 19 32 20 Very worried

17% 19 18 13 16 18 17 19 22 Moderately worried

15% 16 18 22 18 16 18 11 18 Not too worried

43% 50 47 48 47 47 45 36 39 Not worried at all

Not having enough money for retirement+ Apr. 2001

Gallup

24%

29%

24%

19%

83

Apr. 2002 Apr. 2003 Apr. 2004 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2006 Apr. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Apr. 2010 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2012 Apr. 2013 Apr. 2009 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Mar. 2011 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Jun. 2013

Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Gallup Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser Kaiser

25 24 26 30 30 27 35 33 34 36 38 34 43 35 37 39 36 31 38 37 42

29 30 26 30 30 29 28 31 32 30 29 27 30 31 28 29 30 33 32 28 27

19 22 21 18 19 24 18 16 18 17 17 18 14 17 17 14 15 16 15 12 16

22 20 23 19 16 18 16 15 14 13 13 17 12 16 17 17 17 18 14 22 14

Not having enough money to pay for your children’s college Apr. 2007 Gallup Apr. 2008 Gallup Apr. 2009 Gallup Apr. 2010 Gallup Apr. 2011 Gallup Apr. 2012 Gallup Apr. 2013 Gallup

18% 25 21 20 26 28 22

16% 14 15 16 15 15 16

10% 8 8 10 10 7 9

16% 14 16 15 17 18 19

Note: Forty percent volunteered the response, “doesn’t apply” in 2007 and 39 percent did in 2008. + Asked of non-retied adults. Very worried Being arrested Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women Your child not getting into a good college Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women You or a family member getting HIV or AIDS Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women Being a victim of racial discrimination Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men 6% 22 13 4 3 Somewhat worried 6% 13 9 8 2 Not too worried 20% 18 17 19 21 Not at all worried 68% 46 62 69 75

12% 29 25 8 8

19% 24 18 21 16

20% 17 17 18 18

37% 25 30 40 47

11% 34 30 5 8 7% 28

16% 18 16 13 16 15% 26

25% 19 24 27 23 24% 21

47% 28 30 54 54 54% 25

84

Black women White men White women Being unfairly treated by the police Mar.–Apr. 2006 Kaiser Black men Black women White men White women

22 2 3

24 8 10

26 21 25

28 67 62

11% 37 25 7 3

17% 25 19 15 14

29% 16 26 27 31

44% 22 30 51 52

Note: * Question asked of those who are employed. ^ Question asked of those who are insured. + asked of non-retired adults. # Wording is “not getting the healthcare you need.”  How often do you worry about the following things – frequently, occasionally, rarely, or never? Mar. 2005 AP/Ipsos Frequently 20% 30 13 12 11 Occasionally 34% 21 31 28 28 Rarely 30% 24 32 35 34 Never 16% 25 23 25 27

Getting hurt in a car accident Not being able to pay your bills A terrorist attack using nuclear weapons Becoming a victim of terrorism A nuclear attack by one country on another 

For the following list, please tell me how worried you are that this might happen to you personally. Public Opinion Strategies (R)/Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner (D) Very worried Being the victim of a violent crime like rape or assault Getting cancer Losing your house in a natural disaster like an earthquake, fire, tornado, or hurricane Being hurt or killed in a major terrorist attack, similar to September 11th Being the victim of identity theft Not having enough money to pay all your bills Not being able to have a secure retirement Having to file for bankruptcy Falling deep into debt because of medical expenses Falling deep into debt from paying high interest rates on your mortgage 11% 18 11 11 21 19 30 8 15 10 Apr. 2006 Somewhat worried 24% 32 27 22 48 29 26 8 29 13 Not too worried 30% 22 27 26 17 19 16 22 25 19 Not at all worried 33% 24 35 40 14 32 25 61 30 55

What is the most important financial problem facing your family today? Gallup Aug. 2006 15% 16 11 Jul. 2006 15% 10 13 Jun. 2006 16% 13 12 May 2006 17% 20 14 Apr. 2006 18% 12 12 Feb. 2006 17% 8 11 Dec. 2005 15% 14 12 Nov. 2005 16% 11 11 Oct. 2005 12% 17 11 Sep. 2005 11% 17 10

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts

9

7

8

8

9

9

7

7

7

8

85

College expenses Cost of owning/ renting a home Retirement savings Cost of living/ inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs Social Security Stock market/investments

8 6 6 8 1 3 3 2 1 * 2 1 1 Feb. 2008 13% 6 7

7 7 7 5 2 4 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 Oct. 2007 17% 4 9

8 6 7 8 2 5 2 1 2 * 1 2 1 Jul. 2007 19% 8 15

9 7 7 6 2 5 3 1 2 * 1 2 1 Jun. 2007 16% 11 13

8 7 6 5 5 4 3 2 1 1 * 1 1 Apr. 2007 16% 8 11

8 7 7 6 2 5 6 1 1 1 1 1 * Jan. 2007 17% 7 13

7 5 5 4 2 4 6 1 1 1 1 * * Dec. 2006 15% 5 17

8 5 5 5 2 4 8 1 * 1 1 * 1 Nov. 2006 17% 7 14

6 5 4 6 1 4 6 1 1 * 1 1 1 Oct. 2006 14% 8 12

7 5 3 7 1 4 6 1 1 * 1 1 * Sep. 2006 14% 10 12

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts College expenses Cost of owning/ Rent ing a home Retirement savings Cost of living/ inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs Social Security Stock market/investments

12 5

7 6

7 6

7 7

8 9

9 8

9 9

10 9

10 8

9 8

9 6 5 2 5 4 1 2 * * 1 2 Jul. 2011 12% 7 17

10 3 5 2 4 2 1 * -* 1 1 Jan. 2011 14% 6 16

8 6 6 3 4 4 1 1 * * 2 * Jul. 2010 10% 2 13

8 8 7 2 6 3 1 * * 2 1 1 Apr. 2010 16% 3 15

9 7 7 2 5 4 2 2 1 1 1 * Nov. 2009 14% 2 14

6 3 8 1 5 4 * * 1 1 1 * Apr. 2009 11% 3 15

9 7 3 1 4 2 1 * 1 1 1 1 Feb. 2009 8% 3 16

8 6 5 2 4 3 2 1 * 1 1 1 Oct. 2008 9% 12 11

6 7 6 1 5 2 2 * 1 1 1 * Jul. 2008 9% 29 14

6 5 4 1 5 4 2 1 * 1 1 1 Apr. 2008 10% 14 11

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts College expenses Cost of owning/ renting a home Retirement savings Cost of living/

11 7 6 6

11 6 8 6

11 5 8 5

13 7 12 4

9 7 9 5

10 6 12 4

15 6 9 6

9 6 7 7

3 5 9 5

9 7 10 5

86

inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs Social Security Stock market/investments

9 2 4 9 1 2 * 1 2 1 Apr. 2012 12% 11 18

8 2 4 8 1 2 1 1 2 1 Oct. 2011 12% 4 14

6 3 4 11 1 2 * 1 1 3

7 3 4 10 1 2 1 1 * 1

4 1 5 8 1 2 * 1 1 3

6 3 10 1 2 1 2 * 4

5 2 3 9 1 3 * 1 * 6

10 1 3 4 * 2 1 1 * 3

18 2 2 4 1 2 * 1 1 2

10 2 3 6 2 3 1 1 * 2

Health care costs Energy costs/ oil and gas prices Lack of money/ low wages Too much debt/ not enough money to pay debts College expenses Cost of owning/ renting a home Retirement savings Cost of living/ inflation Lack of savings Taxes Unemployment/ loss of a job Interest rates State of the economy Controlling spending Transportation/ commuting costs Social Security Stock market/investments Note: * less than .5%. 

9 7 12 4 11 3 5 9 * 1 1 1 1 1

13 7 7 5 13 3 3 10 1 2 * 2 2

How concerned are you about each of the following? Sep. 2006 Fox News Extremely concerned 44% 43 36 35 35 32 30 29 Fox News Extremely concerned 39% Very concerned 45% Not very concerned 12% Not at all concerned 3% Very concerned 43% 45 40 42 39 44 37 39 Not very concerned 9% 8 16 19 21 19 22 24 Not at all concerned 4% 2 6 4 3 5 11 6

The price of health care The situation in Iraq The decline of moral values Gas prices Terrorist attacks The nation’s economy Being able to pay your bills Illegal immigration Sep. 2008

The price of health care

87

The situation in Iraq The decline of moral values Gas prices Terrorist attacks The nation’s economy Being able to pay your bills Mar. 2011 Fox News

37 33 46 28 49 36

50 43 41 44 44 39

10 17 10 33 6 19

2 5 3 5 1 6

Health care Being able to pay your bills The future of the country Government spending Gas prices Terrorist attacks The radicalization of Muslims in America

Extremely concerned 38% 32 39 38 47 26 19

Very concerned 47% 38 49 49 41 38 30

Not very concerned 11% 21 8 10 9 27 29

Not at all concerned 4% 9 2 2 2 8 16

Sep. 2012

Fox News Extremely concerned 40% 32 19 43 43 45 46 29 25 38 23 Very concerned 43% 34 18 48 49 40 47 42 41 40 46 Not very concerned 13% 23 25 7 6 11 5 21 29 16 23 Not at all concerned 3% 11 29 2 1 3 1 7 4 6 5

Health care Being able to pay your bills Losing your job The future of the country Unemployment across the country Government spending The nation’s economy Illegal immigration Terrorist attacks Iran getting a nuclear bomb The situation in Afghanistan Apr. 2012 Fox News

The future of the country The nation’s economy Government spending Gas prices The federal deficit The job market The situation in Afghanistan Feb. 2013 Fox News

Extremely concerned 56% 55 52 51 49 48 31

Very concerned 36% 39 38 36 39 42 49

Not very concerned 5% 4 8 11 10 8 15

Not at all concerned 2% 1 2 3 2 2 3

Government spending Health care The nation’s economy Education The decline of moral values The federal deficit Gun laws The job market Taxes Terrorist attacks Illegal immigration Climate change The nation’s infrastructure, such as roads and bridges

Extremely concerned 32% 31 30 29 29 29 26 26 25 22 16 13 13

Very concerned 52% 54 59 56 45 51 52 58 52 45 44 33 48

Not very concerned 13% 13 9 13 18 15 17 12 18 27 33 33 34

Not at all concerned 3% 2 2 2 7 3 4 2 4 6 6 19 4

88

Note: Sample is of national registered voters.  Now I’d like to ask something a little bit different. Which of the following economic concerns worry you the most? Mar. 2006 EPI/GQR 36% 21 18 12 4

Facing major unexpected medical expenses Losing your job Seeing the value of your stocks and retirement savings drop Being unable to keep up with mortgage and credit card payments Seeing the value of your home level off or decline 

For the following list, please tell me how worried you are that this might happen to you personally. Public Opinion Strategies (R)/Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner (D) Very worried Being the victim of a violent crime like rape or assault Getting cancer Losing your house in a natural disaster like an earthquake, fire, tornado, or hurricane Being hurt or killed in a major terrorist attack, similar to September 11th Being the victim of identity theft Not having enough money to pay all your bills Not being able to have a secure retirement Having to file for bankruptcy Falling deep into debt because of medical expenses Falling deep into debt from paying high interest rates on your mortgage 11% 18 Somewhat worried 24% 32 Apr. 2006 Not too worried 30% 22 Not at all worried 33% 24

11 11 21 19 30 8 15

27 22 48 29 26 8 29

27 26 17 19 16 22 25

35 40 14 32 25 61 30

10

13

19

55

Have you ever had any unexpected expenses in the past 12 months that seriously set you back financially, or hasn’t this happened to you? Oct.–Nov. 2006 Yes 34% No 66 %

PSRA/Pew

(If yes) What kind of expenses were these? Medical Cars Home and housing Life events & children: wedding, divorce, birth, death, moving Work related Travel/vacation Taxes Pets/veterinary bills 34% 24 20 9 3 2 2 1

Note: Based on those who had unexpected expenses in the past 12 months.

89

As I read each item, tell me if this is one of your household’s regular expenses, or not? Oct.–Nov. 2006 PSRA/Pew Yes 67% 42 12 58 7 13 25 16 78 74 65 21 19 16 No 32% 57 87 41 92 86 75 84 22 26 35 79 81 83

Mortgage* A car loan A store payment plan for home furnishings or electronics A credit card payment Alimony or child support Child care School tuition A school loan Cable or satellite television Cell phone Internet service Health club or other sports facility Landscaping or lawn maintenance Housecleaning 

How concerned are you that you will not be able to afford to make your monthly payments if your payments increase under your adjustable rate mortgage? Very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, not at all concerned Very concerned 17% Somewhat concerned 19% Not too concerned 32% Not at all concerned 32%

Sep. 2006 

AP/AOL/Ipsos

If you had to choose, what would you say is the most important cause of stress in your life? Your job 26% Your finances 34% Your health 15% Your family life 16%

Nov. 2006 

AP/Ipsos

To begin, I’d like you to think about your and your family’s economic security. By economic security I mean your security in being able to keep your job, maintain your income, have health insurance coverage, and retire comfortably. Overall how worried are you about ________? Feb. 2007 Rockefeller Foundation/Yankelovich Very worried 12% 13 16 5 13 21 10 10 8 17 7 24 18 28 Fairly worried 12% 9 9 3 7 9 3 5 6 8 4 11 11 12 Slightly worried 29% 18 19 14 21 26 12 17 17 20 14 25 28 25 Not worried at all 46% 60 54 76 59 43 75 67 69 55 75 40 43 35

Your economic security Paying your rent Buying a home Paying your mortgage Getting out of debt Having enough money to retire on Paying for child care Caring for a parent financially Losing your job Finding a job Having enough money to put food on the table Paying for your children’s education Keeping up with the cost of living Paying for your children’s college Education

90

Which one or two of the following elements of the economy, if any, concerns you the most? Jul. 2007 NBC/WSJ 44% 34 22 17 16 15 14

The cost of health care Jobs going overseas The gap between the rich and the poor The cost of higher education The federal budget deficit Lack of good-paying jobs The cost of housing 

First, what, if anything, worries you most about your personal financial situation in the . . . ? Sep. 2007 Gallup ---Worry about my personal financial situation in the--Short-term Long-term 11% 7% 9 13 7 3 6 7 4 4 4 6 3 3 3 2 3 8 3 4 2 3 2 -2 -2 -1 -1 --18

Income is not enough to meet expenses Health insurance/cost of healthcare Job security concerns/possible loss of job Rising cost of living/inflation Housing costs College expenses Taxes Debt (non-specific) Social Security benefits Stock market downturn/crash Recession Paying mortgage/rent Gas prices Interest rates Energy/home heating prices Credit card debt Retirement savings/retirement income

Note: Wordings slightly varied between short term and long term.  Let me read you a number of aspects dealing with the economy, for each please tell me whether this is currently affecting you a great deal, quite a bit, just some, or very little. If this does not apply to you, just say so. NBC/WSJ A great deal The price of gasoline and home heating oil Dec. 2007 51% Mar. 2008 65 The cost of groceries and household products Mar. 2008 50 The cost of health care Dec. 2007 42 Mar. 2008 45 Savings and pensions for retirement Dec. 2007 28 Mar. 2008 33 The impact trade agreements have had on American jobs Mar. 2008 28 Job security and layoffs Dec. 2007 16 Mar. 2008 26 Quite a bit Just some Very little Does not apply

18% 14

23% 12

5% 5

3% 3

17 16 13 11 12

21 20 19 26 22

7 12 10 11 13

4 10 12 23 19

13 6 8

20 12 15

13 15 13

23 51 37

91

Your investments in the stock market Dec. 2007 13 Mar. 2008 21 The cost and security of your mortgage Dec. 2007 14 Mar. 2008 17 Overtime pay and bonuses at work Dec. 2007 12 Mar. 2008 15 

10 12 4 5 5 6

21 18 15 12 11 10

14 11 19 16 12 13

41 36 48 48 59 54

Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely is it that _____? Pew Likely Your employer may go out of business or relocate to another city Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 You may have your health benefits reduced or eliminated by your employer Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 You may be asked to take a cut in pay Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 You may be laid off Jan. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 You may have your retirement benefits reduced or eliminated by your employer Feb. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2011 12% 13 13 12 Not likely 87% 85 85 88

20% 24 23 27 13% 25 25 26 15% 21 24 21

74% 69 67 65 86% 73 73 72 84% 77 74 77

18% 22 25

75% 68 66

What is your biggest personal economic concern right now? Paying everyday bills, or paying for healthcare or saving for retirement or something else? Mar.–Apr. 2008 Every day bills Retirement Healthcare College tuition (vol.) Paying for gas (vol.) Note: Only the top five responses are shown. CBS/NYT 29% 25 24 4 2

As you think about your own financial situation, which of the following economic issues worries you most right now? PSRA/Pew Worries me the most Rising prices Mar. 2008 49%

92

Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 Problems in the financial markets Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 The job situation Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 Declining real estate values Mar. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2008 Feb. 2009 Mar. 2009 Aug. 2009 Sept/Oct. 2009 

38 31 21 22 26 27

14% 31 29 21 21 14 14

19% 18 26 45 42 44 46

12% 8 9 9 10 9 7

Please tell me whether you are very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not confident at all about each of the following? CNN/ORC Very confident Your ability to maintain your current standard of living over the next year Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to maintain your current standard of living over the next ten years Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to save enough money to live comfortably when you retire Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to pay for your children to attend the college of their choice^ Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 Your ability to meet your monthly mortgage payments for the duration of that mortgage* Mar. 2008 Mar. 2009 The chances that your current Somewhat confident Not too confident Not confident at all

45% 39

38% 42

12% 15

4% 4

34 38

40 43

18 14

6 4

29 22

32 37

24 25

15 16

23 24

35 36

26 19

16 21

58 50

32 39

6 5

4 5

93

employer will not have to lay off any workers in the next six months# Mar. 2008 The chances that your current employer will not lay you off in the next six months# Mar. 2008 Your ability to find a good job that pays as much as the job you have now if you had to leave your current place of employment# Mar. 2008

55

18

18

7

69

16

10

5

31

26

26

15

Note: * Sample is those who are not retired. ^ Sample is those with children under eighteen. *Sample is those with a mortgage. # Sample is those who are currently employed.  Thinking about the economic conditions that you and your family face, which one of the following has the greatest effect on you personally? NBC/WSJ Apr. 2010 Apr. 2009 Dec. 2008 Oct. 2008 (late) Oct. 2008 Savings, such as the drop in the stock market or savings for retirement Inflation, such as the cost of groceries Health care, such as the cost of health insurance prescriptions Employment, such as job security and wages Energy, such as the cost of gasoline and utilities Housing, such as home values and the mortgage market  13 21 18 25 9 10 24% 14 18 14 11 9 25% 21 16 16 11 9 23% 15 13 13 25 9 7% 21 18 8 37 6

How much do you worry about each of the following? Do you worry a lot, some, not much or not at all about ____? AP/Roper GfK Worry a lot Facing major unexpected medical expenses Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Losing your job Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Seeing the value of your stocks and retirement investments drop Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Being unable to pay your bills Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 38% 38 35 37 Some 26% 27 27 31 Not much 16% 10 13 13 Not at all 19% 25 25 19

28% 27 25 25

19% 18 18 18

10% 9 11 10

22% 26 26 29

48% 41 39 40

21% 23 25 28

7% 8 9 9

12% 16 18 16

38% 34 31 31

26% 26 28 26

12% 10 13 15

22% 29 28 28

94

Having enough money to send your children to college Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 Being unable to keep up with your mortgage and credit card payments Feb. 2009 Apr. 2009 July 2009 Sep. 2009 

34% 33 30 29

14% 16 17 18

5% 6 4 6

16% 20 23 24

32% 28 27 24

22% 19 21 22

11% 11 14 13

26% 33 31 34

Which of the following national economic issues worries you most? Problems in the financial and housing markets 11% 13 12 14 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 11 10 10 9 10

Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Aug.–Sep. 2010 Dec. 2010 Feb 2011 Mar. 2011 Mar. 2011 May 2011 Jul. 2011 Sep. 2011 Nov. 2011 Mar. 2012 Sep. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 Sep. 2013 Note: *less than .5%. 

Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew Pew

The job situation 45% 41 49 47 44 34 34 38 39 43 47 39 40 40 32 40

The federal budget deficit 22% 23 19 19 19 24 24 28 29 22 22 24 27 25 27 24

Rising prices 17% 16 15 15 23 28 28 20 15 17 13 22 19 22 29 22

Other 2% 3 2 1 1 3 3 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 2 2

None * 1% 1 1 1 * * * 1 2 1 1 1 * * 1

Not all people face the same financial pressures. Please tell me how much each of the following affects your own household’s financial situation. PSRA/Pew Mar.–Apr. 2011 A lot 42% 24 35 69 58 43 A little 26% 37 28 23 34 34 Not at all 30% 34 34 7 7 19

The job situation How the stock market is doing Real estate values Gas prices Prices for food and consumer goods The federal budget deficit PSRA/Pew Mar. 2013

Availability of jobs How the stock market is doing Real estate values Gas prices Prices for food and consumer goods The federal budget deficit  

A lot 39% 23 32 64 58 39

A little 25% 33 33 25 32 36

Not at all 34% 40 32 10 9 20

What would you say is the biggest worry or concern you have about you and your family’s personal financial situation? Is it _____? (Follow up) And what would you say is the next biggest worry or concern?

95

Allstate/NJHM

Oct. 2011 1st Worry 19% 14 12 12 11 8 8 8 7 2 2nd Worry 17% 13 15 9 11 8 7 5 13 2 1st or 2nd 36% 27 27 21 22 16 15 13 20 4

Expenses are too high Can’t save enough for retirement Earning too little money Finding or keeping a job Home value has gone down Carrying too much debt Investments are struggling None of these Can’t save enough for children’s education Don’t know/Refused

Crime/Terrorism Anxiety
 Will you please tell me for each of the following whether right now this is something that worries you personally a lot, a little, or not at all? An increase in crime in your community A lot 53% 52 49 45 53 62 A little 34% 35 33 32 30 27 Not at all 13% 13 18 23 16 11

Dec. 1983 Jan. 1984 Dec. 1984 Jul. 1985 Sep. 1986 Jan. 1995

Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/Yankelovich Partners Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners

Note: Time/Yankelovich polls conducted of registered voters.  Is being the victim of a crime something you personally worry about, or not? Yes 57% 55 55 50 42 51 No 42% 45 45 49 58 48

Feb. 1989 Aug. 1993 Jan. 1995 Aug. 1995 Oct. 1996 Jun. 1997 

Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners AP Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners

Would you say you worry about crime more than you did five years ago, less, or about the same? About the same 36% 28 40

Jul. 1991 Nov. 1993 Jun. 1997 

NBC/Newsweek ABC News ABC News/Washington Post

More 60% 66 51

Less 4% 4 7

For each item I name will you tell me if it worries you a great deal, a good amount, just a little, or not at all? ABC News/Washington Post A close relative such as a child, a spouse, or even you, yourself, will be the victim of a violent crime. A great deal 40% 69 A good amount 17% 16 Just a little 27% 11 Not at all 16% 4

Oct. 1991 Crime will increase. Oct. 1991

96

There are some problems that Americans might face. Are they something you worry about a great deal, a little or not at all? Being the victim of a crime A lot 49% 13 A little 38% 48 Not at all 13% 39

Dec. 1991 Oct. 1999 

Time/CNN/Yankelovich Partners Harris

I’m going to read to you a list of things that some people are worried about, but others are not. For each, I want you t o tell me if that is something that worries you a great deal, worries you a good amount, worries you just a little, or doesn't worry you at all. But please, don't feel that you need to tell us that any of these things worry you, just because we're asking. Does: that crime will increase worry you a great deal, a good amount, just a little, or doesn't this worry you at all? A great deal 70% A good amount 15%

Oct. 1992 

Washington Post

A little 11%

Not at all 3%

I'm going to read to you a list of things that some people are worried about, but others are not. For each, I want you to tell me if that is something that worries you a great deal, worries you a good amount, worries you just a little, or doesn't worry you at all. But please, don't feel that you need to tell us that any of these things worry you just because we're asking. Jul. 1996 Washington Post Worries a great deal A close relative such as a child, a spouse, or even you, yourself will be the victim of a violent crime Crime will increase Jul 1996 Worries a good amount Worries Doesn’t a little worry at all

49% 61

13% 17

22% 14

15% 8

I’m going to read some things people do because of their concern over crime. Please tell me which, if any, of these things you, yourself, do or have done. Gallup Avoid going to certain places or neighborhoods you might otherwise go to Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Bought a gun for protection for yourself or your home Oct. 1993 Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Carry a gun for defense Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Carry a knife for defense

Yes 56% 43 43 47 48

No 44% 56 56 53 52

30% 22 21 21 23 23

70% 78 78 78 77 76

12% 11 10 11 12

87% 89 89 89 88

97

Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Carry mace or pepper spray Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Carry a weapon or other instrument for defense Oct. 1993 Carry a whistle on yourself or in your car Oct. 1993 Had a burglar alarm installed Oct. 1993 Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Had special locks installed Oct. 1993 Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Keep a dog for protection Oct. 1993 Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2007 Taken a self-defense course Aug. 2000 Oct. 2001 Walk only with others in your neighborhood at night Oct. 1993 

10% 9 11 11 12

90% 91 88 89 87

18% 17 16 19 18 14

82% 83 83 81 82 86

27%

73%

10%

90%

18% 23 23 24 29 31

82% 76 76 75 70 69

43% 39 32

57% 60 67

38% 32 32 30 31 31 31

62% 68 68 69 69 69 68

18% 17

82% 83

40%

60%

Would you say that worrying about crime is a big influence on the way you live your life these days or you don’t worry all that much about crime? Big influence 29% 28 31 Small influence 16% 20 26 Don’t worry 51% 51 43

Nov. 1993 Jun. 1997 Mar. 2001

ABC News ABC News/Washington Post ABC News

98

How much of the time do you worry about being the victim of crime – a lot of the time, some of the time, hardly ever, or never? A lot of Some of the time the time Hardly ever Not at all Jun. 1994 CBS News 19% 37% 34% 9% Jul. 2012 CBS/New York Times 8 32 45 14 Thinking about your own children, how much do you worry about each of the following – a great deal, a moderate amount, or not at all? That your children will be the victim of a crime. A great deal 37% A moderate amount 39%

Jul. 1996 

Harris

Not at all 21%

How much, if at all, do you worry about this: that terrorists could use nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons to attack a United States city? A great deal, somewhat, or not much at all? A great deal 14% Somewhat 34% Not much 32 % Not at all 19%

Apr. 1997

Pew

Note: Asked of a half sample.  How often do you, yourself, worry about the following things—frequently, occasionally, rarely, or never? How about…? Gallup Frequently Getting murdered Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Getting mugged Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Your home being burglarized when you are not there Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 6% 4 6 6 6 5 6 7 6 7 Occasionally 12% 9 11 12 10 10 14 12 11 12 Rarely 31% 31 30 30 29 31 35 33 35 32 Never 51% 56 53 52 55 53 44 48 48 49

9% 6 8 9 9 7 9 10 11 11

21% 17 18 19 18 21 24 19 18 20

33% 36 33 35 35 35 33 37 34 35

36% 41 40 37 38 37 33 33 35 34

16% 12 15 17 12 15 21 18 18 21

32% 28 30 31 29 30 29 29 28 24

28% 33 30 31 35 30 33 32 33 35

24% 26 25 21 24 25 17 21 20 20

99

Your home being burglarized when you are there Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being sexually assaulted Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Having your car stolen or broken into Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being assaulted or killed by a co-worker or other employee where you work Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Having a school-aged child of yours physically harmed while attending school Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008

10% 6 9 10 8 8 10 10 10 12

21% 16 18 20 16 16 23 19 18 21

30% 33 32 30 34 31 34 32 36 32

39% 45 40 40 42 45 33 38 36 35

7% 4 6 9 6 6 6 6 7 5

16% 15 12 14 14 13 15 13 12 14

24% 24 26 27 27 29 30 28 27 29

52% 57 55 50 53 52 48 52 54 52

16% 14 16 17 12 16 17 16 20 19

32% 27 28 28 29 26 30 28 23 28

26% 30 28 31 31 30 33 32 32 30

24% 26 24 22 25 25 18 21 24 21

1% 2 2 3 1 2 3 2 2 1

6% 5 4 6 4 4 5 4 4 3

18% 18 18 20 16 18 17 18 20 17

64% 62 61 56 67 64 61 62 59 61

17% 13 14 17 14 14 20 16 15

17% 18 15 18 16 15 20 18 16

17% 18 21 16 20 18 18 18 20

22% 23 20 23 24 24 17 20 22

100

Oct. 2009 Being attacked while driving your car Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being the victim of a hate crime Aug.–Sep. 2000 Oct. 2001 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009 Being a victim of terrorism Oct. 2001 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004 Oct. 2005 Oct. 2006 Oct. 2007 Oct. 2008 Oct. 2009  

14

17

19

22

9% 6 8 7 6 9 7 6 7

20% 15 18 16 16 17 17 15 16

29% 29 32 32 31 34 36 35 34

40% 46 38 42 44 38 37 42 41

6% 5 5 6 6 7 6 7 5

10% 8 12 10 11 11 12 9 12

26% 26 29 24 24 29 27 29 28

56% 60 54 59 58 52 55 55 54

21% 14 13 12 14 19 13 10 14

26% 26 25 27 24 25 23 21 21

28% 28 30 30 30 28 33 33 33

25% 31 32 31 32 28 30 36 31

How worried are you that you or someone in your family will become a victim of terrorism – very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not worried at all? (CNN) Now, thinking for a moment about terrorism, how worried are you that you or someone in your family will become a victim of terrorism--very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not worried at all? (Gallup) Very worried 23% 18 14 24 18 13 11 8 8 12 8 9 8 8 13 8 8 8 6 11 Somewhat worried 35% 33 35 35 33 30 28 27 27 33 27 31 30 31 35 28 30 26 24 30 Not too worried 24% 35 32 27 35 33 34 34 39 32 39 37 37 36 34 33 38 39 38 33 Not at all worried 16% 13 18 14 14 23 26 30 25 23 25 22 25 25 18 31 24 26 32 26

Sep. 2001* Sep. 2001* Sep. 2001* Oct. 2001* Oct. 2001* Oct. 2001* Nov. 2001 Nov. 2001 Feb. 2002 Mar. 2002 Apr. 2002 May 2002 Sep. 2002 Jan. 2003 Feb. 2003 Feb 2003 Mar. 2003 Apr. 2003 Jul. 2003 Aug. 2003

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today

101

Dec. 2003 Jan. 2004 Feb. 2004 Aug. 2004 Sep. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Jan. 2005 Jun. 2005 Jul. 2005 Dec. 2005 Jan. 2006 Aug. 2006 Nov. 2006 Jun. 2007 Jul. 2007 Aug. 2007 Oct. 2007 Jun. 2008 Sep.2008 Jun. 2009 Oct. 2009 Dec. 2009 Jan. 2010 Jan. 2010 Sep. 2010 Aug. 2011 Sep. 2011 Apr. 2013 Apr. 2013 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today CNN/ORC CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC CNN/ORC Gallup/USA Today CNN/ORC Gallup CNN/Time/ORC

9 5 10 8 11 13 13 10 8 14 11 14 8 9 12 13 12 13 9 9 8 10 12 9 9 7 9 8 11 13

28 23 30 26 32 34 28 28 30 33 30 29 28 31 32 34 30 23 29 29 28 26 27 33 25 30 27 26 29 27

38 42 36 36 36 33 34 37 36 30 37 34 36 33 33 31 33 33 32 38 30 36 34 35 35 35 32 35 33 34

25 30 24 30 21 20 25 24 26 23 22 23 29 27 22 21 24 30 31 24 34 28 28 22 30 28 31 32 27 26

How often do you worry about the possibility of new terrorist attacks? Every day or nearly every day 15% Several times each week 20% A few times a month 29% Less than a few times each month 15%

May 2002 

Time/CNN/Harris

Never 20%

For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it: I often worry about the chances of a nuclear attack by terrorists. Completely agree 16% 23 22 Mostly agree 24% 26 24 Mostly disagree 36% 31 37 Completely disagree 23% 17 16 Don’t know 1% 3 1

Jul. 2003 Mar. 2009 Apr. 2012 

Pew Pew Pew

I'd like you to tell me how worried you are about each of the following things: very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried. How worried are you about … Kaiser Very worried Being the victim of a terrorist attack Feb. 2004 Apr. 2004 Jun. 2004 Aug. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Feb. 2005 Mar. 2005 Jun. 2005 20% 20 23 20 23 22 17 19 18 Somewhat worried 27% 29 30 29 33 26 27 23 25 Not very worried 27% 23 24 22 22 23 24 23 23 Not at all worried 26% 27 23 28 21 29 31 34 33

102

Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 Aug. 2006 Oct. 2006 Mar. 2007 May 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Jul. 2009 Dec. 2009 Mar. 2010 Jun. 2010 Mar. 2011 Sep. 2011 May 2012 Feb. 2013 Being the victim of gun violence Feb. 2013 Being the victim of a violent crime Feb. 2004 Apr. 2004 Jun. 2004 Aug. 2004 Oct. 2004 Dec. 2004 Feb. 2005 Mar. 2005 Jun. 2005 Oct. 2005 Feb. 2006 Aug. 2006 Oct. 2006 Mar. 2007 May 2007 Oct. 2007 Nov. 2007 Apr. 2008 Sep. 2008 Oct. 2008 Dec. 2009 

18 21 21 23 23 25 22 22 18 18 19 20 16 21 20 13 19 15 15

28 26 27 27 28 29 29 29 28 29 27 29 26 24 25 23 28 24 23

25 23 23 25 22 25 23 26 24 25 25 27 29 25 29 28 27 26 31

29 30 28 24 25 19 25 23 30 27 29 23 28 29 25 32 25 34 30

20%

22%

25%

33%

19% 17 18 17 19 21 15 18 17 16 17 17 23 23 21 20 21 18 17 18 17

25% 25 24 25 27 24 26 22 25 27 24 28 23 24 28 26 25 24 25 23 26

29% 26 30 28 27 27 29 26 30 29 28 28 29 28 31 29 31 28 30 28 31

26% 37 27 29 27 28 30 33 28 28 30 27 25 24 20 25 22 29 28 30 26

How often do you worry about having your home burglarized? Frequently 11% Often 28% Rarely 38% Never 23%

Aug. 2004 

AP/Ipsos

How often do you worry about becoming a victim of terrorism? Would you say frequently, occasionally, rarely, or never? Frequently 14% 12 10 14 13 14 9 9 Often 27% 28 25 29 23 26 28 24 Rarely 33% 35 35 30 36 36 34 38 Never 25% 25 30 27 29 24 29 28

Aug. 2004 Mar. 2005 Aug. 7, 2006 Aug. 15, 2006 May 2009 Jan. 2010 Nov. 2010 May 2011

AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/Ipsos AP/GfK AP/GfK AP/GfK AP/GfK

103

How often do you worry about becoming a victim of gun violence? Frequently 12% Often 23% Rarely 33% Never 32%

Apr. 2007

AP/Ipsos

Gas Price Anxiety
 Have recent price increases in gasoline caused any financial hardship for you or your household? Yes, caused hardship 40% 41 39 36 44 56 69 47 53 35 47 54 64 47 51 57 64 58 59 47 66 69 64 61 71 70 57 59 67 57 67 63 67 71 63 65 76 65 68 56 52 70 74 72 79 67 76 67 67 No, has not 60% 59 61 64 56 44 36 53 47 65 53 46 36 52 49 43 36 42 41 34 31 36 38 28 30 43 39 33 42 32 37 32 29 37 34 23 35 31 44 47 29 26 28 21 32 24 33 32

Feb. 2000 Mar. 2000 Apr. 2000 May 2000 Jun. 2000 Feb. 2001 Apr. 2001 May 2001 Apr. 2002 Feb. 2003 Mar. 2004 Apr. 2004 May 2004 May 2004 Jun. 2004 Mar. 2005 Apr. 2005 Apr. 2005 May 2005 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2005 Aug. 2005 Sep. 2005 Sep. 2005 Sep. 2005 Apr. 2006 May 2006 Jul. 2006 Apr. 2007 May 2007 Apr. 2008 Mar. 2008 Apr. 2008 May 2008 May 2008 May 2008 Jun. 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Jun. 2009 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Feb. 2012

Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today ABC Gallup ABC Gallup Gallup/CNN/USA Today ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post Gallup Gallup ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today ABC 53 ABC/Wash Post Gallup/CNN/USA Today ABC/Wash Post Gallup/CNN/USA Today Gallup/CNN/USA Today ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post Gallup/USA Today ABC/Wash Post Gallup/USA Today ABC/Wash Post CBS ABC/Wash Post CBS/NYT CBS/NYT Gallup CBS ABC/Wash Post CBS ABC/Wash Post CBS Gallup/USA Today CBS/NYT CBS CBS

104

Mar. 2012 Apr. 2012 Apr.2012 May 2012 

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post CBS/NYT CBS/NYT

63 61 69 71

37 38 30 28

How much of an impact has the recent rise in gas prices had on you and your family – a great deal, quite a bit, just some or not much at all? NBC/WSJ Great deal of impact Quite a bit of impact Just some impact Not much of impact at all May 2000 31% 17 28 24 Jul. 2006 27% 25 29 19 Apr. 2012 38% 25 23 14

How much do higher prices for gasoline affect you personally – a lot, some, not much, or not at all? A lot 43% 56 63 57 58 59 59 Some 37% 29 25 29 29 28 23 Not much 15% 11 8 9 9 10 10 Not at all 6% 4 4 5 3 3 7

Sep. 2000 May 2004 Apr. 2005 Sep. 2005 May 2006 Jul. 2006* Feb. 2011

CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS

Note: *Asked of a half sample.  As a result of the recent rise in gas prices, would you say you have or have not done each of the following . . . ? Yes, have Cut back significantly on how much you drive Jun. 2004 CNN/USA Today/Gallup Apr. 2005 CNN/USA Today/Gallup May 2006 CNN/ORC June 2008 CNN/ORC Apr.-May 2011 CNN/ORC 45% 48 59 66 63 No, have not 54% 51 39 33 36

Seriously considered getting a more fuel-efficient car the next time you buy a vehicle Jun. 2004 CNN/USA Today/Gallup 53% 46% Apr. 2005 CNN/USA Today/Gallup 57 42 May 2006 CNN/ORC 60 36 June 2008 CNN/ORC 71 29 Apr.-May 2011 CNN/ORC 61 38 Cut back significantly on your household spending because of higher gas prices Jun. 2004 CNN/USA Today/Gallup 34% Apr. 2005 CNN/USA Today/Gallup 38 May 2006 CNN/ORC 49 June 2008 CNN/ORC 55 Apr. – May 2011 CNN/ORC 58 Changed your summer vacation plans Apr.–May 2011 CNN/ORC 

66% 62 50 44 42

39%

60%

As a result of the recent increase in gas prices, have you cut down on the amount of driving you do? Yes 70% 64 63 No 29% 33 36

Aug. 2005 Oct. 2005 May 2006

CBS CBS CBS

105

Jun. 2011 

CBS

70

28

As a result of the recent rise in gas prices, have you cut back significantly on your household spending or not? Yes 50% 48 57 54 No 49% 51 4 45

Jun. 2006 Jun. 2007 May 2008 May 2011

Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac

Note: Asked of registered voters  As a result of the recent rise in gas prices, have you cut back significantly on how much you drive? Yes 56% 58 61 39 No 43% 41 37 60

Jun. 2006 Jun. 2007 May 2008 May 2011

Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac

Note: Asked of registered voters  Have recent price increases in gasoline caused any financial hardship for you or others in your household, or not? Has that been a serious hardship, or not serious? Yes, serious 36% 34 35 29 43 46 41 36 38 38 39 Yes, not serious 29% 31 33 23 31 34 35 31 29 31 32 No 34% 35 31 47 26 21 24 33 32 30 28

May 2008 Jul. 2008 Aug. 2008 Feb. 2011 Mar. 2011 Apr. 2011 May 2011 Jun. 2011 Feb. 2012 Apr. 2012 May 2012 

CBS CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS CBS/NYT

Over the next six months, do you expect that increases in the price of gasoline will cause financial hardship for you or your family, or not? Do you expect that will be a serious hardship, or not? Yes, will cause serious 37% 41 Yes, will cause not so serious 29% 29 Yes, not sure how serious 1% 1 No, will not cause financial hardship 33% 29

Mar. 2011 May 2011 

AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper

Next we’d like you to think about how higher gas prices have affected you personally. Have you made any major changes to deal with rising gas prices, or not? Yes 53% No 46%

May 2011

Gallup

Four years ago. . .
 Would you say you, yourself are better off financially than you were when _______ became president, not as well off, or in about the same shape as then financially? Obama Jul. 2009 Sep. 2011 ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post Better off 8% 15 Not as well off 27% 35 About the same 64% 50

106

Nov. 2011 Jan. 2012 May 2012 Sep. 2012^ Oct. 2012* George W. Bush Aug. 2003 Sep. 2003 Oct. 2003 Oct. 2004* Clinton Feb. 1994 Jun. 1996 Mar. 1998 Jul. 1998 Jun. 2000 George H. W. Bush Mar. 1991 Oct. 1991 Dec. 1991 Feb. 1992 Mar. 1992 Jun. 1992 Aug. 1992 Jan. 1993 Reagan Sep. 1986 Jan. 1987 Jan. 1989

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

13 15 16 20 22

34 30 30 32 33

52 54 53 47 45

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

17% 21 22 30

25% 30 27 30

58% 49 50 40

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

12% 29 32 30 34

17% 22 9 15 14

71% 49 57 52 50

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

19% 20 17 19 20 19 22 27

18% 27 33 31 33 32 32 28

63% 53 49 49 46 49 45 44

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

41 37 42

20 23 18

39 40 39

Note: ^Asked of registered voters. *Asked of likely voters.  Compared to four years ago, is your family’s financial situation better today, worse today, or about the same? Better 22% 26 26 23 21 21 23 27 33 29 29 37 34 40 36 32 20 Worse 34% 28 29 34 35 38 36 21 17 18 17 18 19 14 18 17 37 Same 43% 45 44 42 43 40 40 52 49 52 53 44 36 46 45 50 43

Feb. 1992 Apr. 1992 Jul. 1992 Aug. 1992 Sep. 1992 Oct. 1992 Nov. 1992 Jan. 1993 Feb. 1996 Mar. 1996 May 1996 Jul. 1996 Aug. 1996 Sep. 1996 Oct. 1996 Dec. 1996 Mar. 2012

CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS/NYT CBS CBS/NYT

107

I’d like you to compare your family’s financial situation with what it was three years ago. Are you better off now than you were three years ago, or not? Better off 51% Not better off 39% Not sure 10%

Oct. 1995

Time/CNN/Yankelovich

Note: Asked of registered voters.  I’d like you to compare your family’s financial situation with what it was before President Bill Clinton was elected. Are you better off now than you were when President Clinton was elected, or not? Better off 46% Not better off 39% Not sure 16%

Aug. 1996 

Time/CNN/Yankelovich

Compared to four years ago, is your family’s financial situation better today, worse today, or about the same? Better 34% 50 32 24 25 Worse 21% 11 28 42 33 About the same 46% 38 39 34 41

Nov. 1996 Nov. 2000 Nov. 2004 Nov. 2008 Nov. 2012 

Election Day Exit Poll Election Day Exit Poll Election Day Exit Poll Election Day Exit Poll Election Day Exit Poll

Would you say that you are better off or worse off financially than you were a year ago? Better off 38% 36 43 43 27 36 Worse off 39% 38 36 34 50 41 Same 22% 25 20 22 22 22

Nov. 2002 Jan. 2003* Dec. 2003* Apr. 2004* Nov. 2008* Apr. 2013*

Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac Quinnipiac

Note: *Asked of registered voters.  Compared to four years ago, is the job situation in your area better today, worse today, or about the same? Better today 23% Worse today 43% About the same 34%

Nov. 2004 

Election Day Exit Poll

Are you better off or worse off financially today than you were in January of 2009? Better 34% Worse 30% The same 34%

Apr. 2009 

Fox News

Do you feel more or less financially secure than you did in January when President Obama took office? More secure 26% Less secure 48% No difference* 24%

Dec. 2009

Bloomberg

Note: * Volunteered response  The additional federal spending for the stimulus program passed by Congress in 2009 increased the federal budget deficit. Is the economy better off today because of the stimulus package or would we have been better off if the government had not spent the additional money on the stimulus program? Better off with stimulus package 38% Better off if had not spent the money 53%

Jul. 2010

Time

108

Compared to when Barack Obama became president in January of 2009, do you think that the country is better off, worse off, or in about the same place? Better off 31% 31 38 37 Worse off 40% 42 41 40 Same place 28% 27 21 23

Aug. 2010 Aug. 2012* Sep. 2012 (early)* Sep. 2012 (late)*

NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ NBC/WSJ

Note: *Asked of registered voters.  Which of the following best describes your view of your economic situation compared to the beginning of 2009? Oct. 2010 Bloomberg 25% 34 12

Things have improved for me recently Things have not improved, but I know things will get better Things are worse I’m mad at how bad things are and do not expect things will not get better anytime soon Not sure 

22 7

Compared to four years ago, is your family’s financial situation better today, worse today or about the same? Better 19% 23 Worse 36% 31 Same 45% 36

May 2011 May 2012 

Fox News Fox News

Compared to four years ago, is the nation’s economy in better shape today, worse shape today, or about the same? Better 17% 28 Worse 59% 45 Same 23% 26

May 2011 May 2012 

Fox News Fox News

Compared to four years ago, is the job situation in your area better today, worse today, or about the same? Better 13% 24 18 Worse 57% 41 42 Same 29% 32 37

May 2011 May 2012 Jul. 2012

Fox News Fox News Fox News

Note: Sample of national registered voters.  Compared to four years ago, is the quality of life in the United States better today, worse today, or about the same? Better 15% 15 Worse 48% 41 Same 37% 43

May 2011 May 2012 

Fox News Fox News

Are you better off or worse off than you were at the beginning of 2009? Better off 34% 27 38 45 Worse off 24% 44 36 36 About the same 41% 28 25 17

Jun. 2011 Sep. 2011 Mar. 2012 Jun. 2012 

Bloomberg Bloomberg Bloomberg Bloomberg

Are you better off or worse off financially than you were four years ago? Better Worse Same

109

Apr. 2012

Quinnipiac

35%

41%

21%

Note: Asked of registered voters. Compared with four years ago, are you and your family better off today, worse off today, or about the same? Better off 25% Worse off 34% Same 41%

Sep. 2012

Quinnipiac

Note: Asked of national likely voters.  Now, I'd like you to compare your financial situation to what it was four years ago, during the last presidential election. Would you say that you are financially better off now than you were four years ago, or are you financially worse off? Better off 44% Worse off 43% Same 11%

May 2012 

CNN/ORC

Now, I’d like you to compare your financial situation to what it was four years ago, during the last presidential election when George W. Bush was still president. Would you say that you are financially better off now than you were four years ago, or are you financially worse off? Better off 47% Worse off 41% Same 12%

May 2012 

CNN/ORC

If Mitt Romney had been president since 2009 instead of Barack Obama, do you think you yourself would be better off financially than you are now, not as well off, or in about the same shape financially? Better off 19% 24 Not as well off 22% 28 About the same 48% 38

May 2012 Sep. 2012*

ABC/Wash Post ABC/Wash Post

Note: *Asked of registered voters.  Compared to four years ago, is your family’s financial situation better today, worse today or about the same as it was four years ago? Better 27% 29 30 30 Worse 38% 35 32 35 Same 34% 36 37 34

Jun. 2012 Aug. 2012 Sep. 2012 Oct. 2012

AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper AP-GfK/Roper

The data in this report come from the archive of public opinion polls at AEI and from The Roper Center’s archive at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut. The Roper Center is the oldest and largest archive of public opinion data in the world. To learn more about the Roper Center, visit http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/. Compiled by Karlyn Bowman, Senior Fellow Andrew Rugg, Research Assistant For comments or questions contact Karlyn Bowman at kbowman@aei.org or Andrew Rugg at Andrew.Rugg@aei.org

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