# Code No: NR310302

NR

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 HYDRAULIC MACHINERY AND SYSTEMS (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Obtain an expression for the force exerted by a jet of water on a ﬁxed vertical plate in the direction of the jet. (b) A jet of water of diameter 7.5 cm moving with a velocity of 25 m/s strikes a ﬁxed plate in such a way that the angle between the jet and plate is 600 . Find the force exerted by the jet on the plate in the direction normal to the plate and in the direction of the jet. [6+10] 2. A Pelton turbine works under a head of 450 m and rotating at 12 rev/sec. Calculate the power produced and the hydraulic eﬃciency when the discharge through the machine is 0.3 m3 /s and the jet is deﬂected by 1700 . Take Cv = 0.97 and the blade velocity coeﬃcient K= 0.90. [16] 3. A model of a Francis turbine one-ﬁfth of full size, develops 30.8 KW at 305 rpm, under a head of 2.5 m. Find the speed and power of full size turbine operating under a head of 6 m. [16] 4. (a) Why air vessels are used on the suction and delivery pipes of a reciprocating pump? Evaluate the eﬀect of air vessel on the work done? (b) A single acting reciprocating pump has a pluger of 375 mm diameter and stroke of 600mm. The delivery pipe is 90 meters long and 150mm diameter. Find the power saved by installing an air vessel near the pump, if the pump runs at 50r.p.m. Take f = 0.008. [8+8] 5. (a) What is the basic principle applied to ﬁnd the work done on water in centrifugal pump? Explain in detail. (b) A centrifugal pump delivers water against a net head of 10 m at a speed of 1000 rpm. The vanes are curved backward and make an angle of 30 degrees. The impeller outside diameter is 30 cm and has a width of 5 cm at the outlet. Determine the discharge if manometric eﬃciency is 95%. [8+8] 6. (a) What are necessary conditions for complete similarity to exist between model and prototype. (b) What is speciﬁc speed of a centrifugal pump? What is its use? 7. (a) Describe with neat sketch the working of a hydraulic press. (b) A hydraulic press has diameter of ram 200 mm and of plunger 40 mm. It is provided with a lever for applying force to the plunger. If the ratio of leverage is 10, determine the weight lifted by the press, when the force applied to the level is 100 N. [8+8] 1 of 2 [8+8]

Code No: NR310302

NR

8. Power is to be transmitted hydraulically to a distance of 8 km by means of a number of 10 cm pipes laid horizontally, for which the coeﬃcient of friction may be taken as 0.03. The pressure at the accumulator is maintained constant at 66.5 Kg/cm2 . Determine the number of pipes required to ensure an eﬃciency of at least 92 percent when the power delivered is 220 h.p. [16]

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