Code No: NR410107

NR

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Give some examples of chemical reactions among primary pollutants to form secondary pollutants. (b) Trace the history of our knowledge of the photochemical production of secondary pollutants in the atmosphere. [8+8] 2. (a) Discuss the effects of air pollutants on human health in detail. (b) What are the various air pollutants believed to be harmful to human health. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the control of Nitrogen Oxide by combustion modification. (b) Discuss how nitrogen oxide is controlled by post flame treatment? [8+8]

4. Describe the flow of air around a high-pressure center in terms of its direction of rotation, its movement perpendicular to the earths surface, and motion relative to the center. [16] 5. Suppose the following atmospheric altitude versus temperature data have been collected. Altitude(m) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Temperature C 20 18 16 15 16 17 18 [6]
o

(a) What would be the mixing depth?

(b) How high would you expect a plume to rise if it is emitted at 21 C from a 100 m stack if it rises at the dry adiabatic lapse rate? Would you expect the plume to be looping, coning, fanning or fumigating? [10] 6. (a) Draw the flow diagram of a Double alkali scrubber. (b) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of lime stone wet scrubber. [8+8] 7. (a) With a neat figure describe the functioning of a ‘Cyclone separator’.

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Code No: NR410107

NR

(b) What is ‘High efficiency cyclone separator’ ? Give out the relationship between different dimensions for a high efficiency cyclone separator. [8+8] 8. What are the needed reagents for the determination of NO2 in the atmosphere by Griess Saltzmann Method ? Describe the procedure in brief. [16]

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