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SCALES AND ARPEGGIOS

FOR THE VIOLIN


RUDOLF HAKEN
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS
The arpeggios in this book are the same as in the Carl Flesch
Scale System. As in the Flesch system, minor scales are in
melodic form for single stops, and harmonic form for double
stops. For quick mastery of scales and arpeggios in all keys, the
following changes have been made from the Flesch system:
1. Scales are ordered chromatically rather than by the circle of
fifths.
2. Fingerings follow the same pattern for every key, and are
identical ascending and descending. For scales in the higher
positions, fingerings are modified to facilitate execution of the
highest pitches. Once scales and arpeggios have been mastered
in all keys, they can be practiced with a variety of fingerings.
3. Double-stop scales have a span of only one octave. Once this
is mastered, students are ready to learn double-stop scales in
two and three octaves. Before attempting scales in thirds, sixths,
and octaves, refer to the Guide to Scales in Double Stops,
available at www.rudolfhaken.com

2013 Rudolf Haken


University of Illinois School of Music
1114 W. Nevada St.
Urbana, IL 61801 USA
Email rudolfhaken@rudolfhaken.com
Website www.rudolfhaken.com
Tel. 217-369-7401
Printed using LIME music notation software
available at www.cerlsoundgroup.org

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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SCALE PATTERNS FOR ALL MAJOR AND MINOR SCALES


major

tonic

supertonic

mediant

subdominant

dominant

submediant

leading tone

tonic

natural minor
s
s s

harmonic minor
s
s s

3 half-steps

melodic minor (ascending)


s
s s

melodic minor (descending)


s

s s

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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G MAJOR / G MINOR
II
1

II

II
1

II

4
1 3
1 2


1 3
1 2
4

II
1

II
1

0

1

II
1

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II
1

II
1

II

II
2

II
1

1
4

II
3

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III
2

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A
1

E
1

D
3

A
3

E
1

A
3

A
2

D
1

A
2

A
1

D
3

D
2

G
1

D
2

G
1

A
2

D
4

A
2

D
4

D
4

G
3

D
4

D
1

G
3

D - Violin Scales
Rudolf Haken

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A MAJOR / A MINOR

III
1

II
4

II
4

II
1

II
3

II
1

II
1

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

II
1

III
1

III
3

III
1

III
3

II

II
1

II
1

II
1

II
3

II
1

II
1

II
1

III
1

II
1

II
3

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III
3

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G
1

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A MAJOR / A MINOR
III
1

III
1

II
1

III III

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

II
1

III III

II
1

II
2

II
4

II

II
1

II


4
1 3
1 3





1
1

II

II II

II

II
1

II

II
1

II
1

II
1

1 3
1 3
4

II
3

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III
3

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B MAJOR / B MINOR

II
1

II

II
1

III
1

III
1

II
1

III
1

II
1

III
1

II

1
1

II
1

III III

III

III
1

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

II
1

II

II

II

III III


4
1 3
1 3





III
1

II
1

III
1

II
1

II

II II

4
1 3
1 3


III
1

II
3

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II
1
1

II

II

III

III
3

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Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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B MAJOR / B MINOR

III
1

II
1

II
1

III
1

III
1

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II
1

II

III III

II

II
1

II
2

II
1

II
2

III
2

III III

II
1

III
1

II
III

II

II

II II

1 3
1 3
4





II


1
1

II
1

III
1

II


4
1 3
1 3





II
1

III
1

III
1

II
1

III
1

II
3

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II
3

III
3

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C MAJOR / C MINOR

II II
III III
II

4 1 3
1 3

III
1

III
1

III
1

II

II
2

II
1

III
1

III
1

II
II

III III
4
1 II

3
1 3

II
1

III
1

II
1

II
1

III
1

II
1

II

III
1

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

1
3

II
1


1
1

II

II
2

II
III

II
4

II
3

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III
3

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C MAJOR / C MINOR
III
1

III
1

III
1

II
1

III
1

III
1

II
1

II
1

II
1

III
1

III
1

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

II
1

III
1

II
II II
III III

4 1 3
1 3

II

II
3

II II
III III

4
1 3
1 3






1
1

III

II
1

II
1

II
1

II
3

III

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II

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D MAJOR / D MINOR

I
1 2

3 3

2 2 1
I


II

1
0
0
1

I
1

3 2 3

2 3 2 3 2

I I

II
II II

1 3


0
1
1 2

I
1

3 3 3 2 3 2 3 2

I I
II II

II
1 3
1 2

0
1

I
1 2

3 2 3 2

I
1

2 2 2
1 I

II
2
II


1
1

I
1

II
1

II
1

I
1

2 2 1
I


II

1
0
0
1

2
2 2 1

II
1

I
2

II
1

I
1

II

I
1

II
1

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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II

3
1

I
3

II
2

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Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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E MAJOR / E MINOR
I
1 2 3

I
1 2

3 3 2

3 2
3 2 3 2 I I


1 3
II II

III
II


1 3

1
1

3 2 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 I I

1 3
II II
III
II

1 3
1
1

I
1
III
1

II
1

I
1

III
1

II
1

II
1

1
1

I
1

2
2

1
1

III
II
Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

II
2

II

II

2 2 1

I
II
1
1

2 1

I
II

III
II


2
2
1
1

II
2

II
1

III

III
1

I
1
III
1

I
1

2 2 1 I

II
1
1

2 2 1

2
2

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E MAJOR / E MINOR
I
1

II
1

III
1

I
1

III
1

II
1

III
1

II
1

II
1

II
2

III
Rudolf Haken
- Violin Scales

3 2 3 2 3 2 I I


1 3
II II

1 3



III
1

II
1

II
1

I
1

2 2 1 I

II
1
1

2 1 I

II
2

II
2

3
1

II

I
II

I
1

1
1

II

III

3 3

III
1

1
2

3 2 3 2 I I

1 3
II II

1 3



2 1
I
2

I
1
III
1

3 3 3 2

2 3 2 3

2 2 1

I
II
1
1

I
1

II
1

3 2 3

I
1

III
1

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Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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F MAJOR / F MINOR
I
1

I
1

III
1

II
1

III
1

2 3 3

III
1

II
1

2
1

I
1

2
2 1

II
1I
1

2
3
2 2 1

I
2

II
2

III
II

1
1

II
1

III
1

I
1

II
2

III

II
2

II

II

2 1 I

II
1
1

I
1

2 3

2
3
2 2 1

II
1

2
2

I
1

3 2 3 2 I I

1 3


III
II
II II



1
1
1 3



I
1 2

3 2 3 2 I I


1 3

II II

III
II

1 3


1
1

II

II

III

Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

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F MAJOR / F MINOR
I
1

II
1

III
1

I
1

III
1

II
1

I
1
III
1

II
1

I
1

III
1

II
1

2
2

3 2

3 3 2

3 2 3 2 I I

1 3

II II

1 3

3
3 2 3 2 3 2 I I
3

1 3

II II

1 3

III
1

II
2

2
2

2 1 I
1
II

1

2 1

II
III
II
I

1
1

II
1

I
1

I
2

II
2

4
4
3

2
2
1


4
1
3
4
2
2
4
1

3
3


3
1




III

II

II

2
1

3

I
1

2 1 I
1
II

1

2 1

II
1

I
1
III
1

III
Rudolf Haken - Violin Scales

II

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