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1RESOLUTION NO.

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3 TITLE: HAWAI‘I OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ACT
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5 REQUESTING AN ACT OF THE LEGISLATURE TO PROMOTE THE USE OF THE
6 HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE FOR OFFICIAL PURPOSES IN THE STATE; TO PROVIDE
7 FOR THE USE OF BOTH OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF THE STATE IN LEGISLATIVE
8 PROCEEDINGS, IN ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE, IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF
9 JUSTICE, IN COMMUNICATING WITH OR PROVIDING SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC
10 AND IN CARRYING OUT THE WORK OF PUBLIC BODIES; TO SET OUT THE
11 DUTIES OF SUCH BODIES WITH RESPECT TO THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF
12 THE STATE; AND FOR THOSE PURPOSES, TO PROVIDE FOR THE
13 ESTABLISHMENT OF AN OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF OFFICIAL
14 LANGUAGES AND TO DEFINE ITS FUNCTIONS; TO PROVIDE FOR THE
15 PUBLICATION BY THE COMMISSIONER OF CERTAIN INFORMATION RELEVANT
16 TO THE PURPOSES OF THIS ACT; AND TO PROVIDE FOR RELATED MATTERS.
17
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19 WHEREAS, along with Hawai‘i, the list of officially multilingual countries and U.S.
20jurisdictions now numbers no fewer than 44, including Abkhazia, American Samoa, Aotearoa
21(New Zealand), Belgium, Bolivia, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, China (Hong Kong &
22Macau), Czech Republic, Djibouti, Ecuador, Finland, Guam, both cities of Hialeah & Miami
23(Florida) and San Francisco (California), India, Israel, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan,
24Kenya, Kyrgyszstan, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Mariana Islands, Norway,
25Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovenia, Somalia,
26Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom
27(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_multilingual_countries_and_regions and
28http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sami_languages , see Appendix 1, p. 4); and
29
30 WHEREAS, several other governments provide bilingual services by right for
31indigenous minorities, including Australia, England (Wales) and Mexico
32(http://www.anu.edu.au/linguistics/nash/aust/policy.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_Language_Act_1993 , and
33http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/257.pdf , see Appendix 2, p. 20); and
34
35 WHEREAS, the U.S. Public Law 103-150 (1993 Apology Bill) resolved by the
36Senate and House of Representatives “recognizes and commends efforts of reconciliation
37initiated by the State of Hawai‘i….(and) supports reconciliation efforts between the United
38States and the Native Hawaiian people” (http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Public_Law_103-150 , see
39Appendix 3, p. 34); and
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41 . WHEREAS, the state of Hawai‘i generally treats Hawaiian language education as if
42it were enrichment, foreign language education, and because of this perspective, Hawaiian
43speaking children are yet seen as having no right to education in Hawaiian; and fluency in
44Hawaiian is not a minimum qualification for employment in Kula Kaiapuni Hawai‘i, and
45testing of students in Kula Kaiapuni Hawai‘i through Hawaiian has not been provided in
46spite of federal government recognition that national standardized tests as used in Hawai‘i

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1are biased against minority children even when such children are educated through English in
2that such tests do not have a distinct minority culture focus; as a result, there is presently no
3guarantee that Hawaiian speaking children may choose Hawaiian medium education and
4receive transportation to their schools
5(http://www.ahapunanaleo.org/eng/resources/resources_nestmovement.html , see Appendix 4, p. 39); and
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7 WHEREAS, some Hawaiian children are leaving Hawaiian immersion programs for
8fear of being inadequately prepared for getting accepted into the colleges and universities of
9their choice; and
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11 WHEREAS, 40 years after the adoption of their Official Languages Act, Canada has
12grown from a country where English predominates to a country proud of its two official
13languages, and support for bilingualism among Canadians is at an all time high
14(http://www.officiallanguages.gc.ca/html/anniversary_anniversaire_e.php and
15http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/reports-rapports/cp-rc/2006-
162007/ann/images/LinguisticDuality-eng.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/reports-rapports/cp-rc/2006-
172007/ann/ann12-eng.asp&usg=__Z1ajcvMVcio-
18MaN6f6CVC3e761I=&h=514&w=500&sz=17&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=-
19bCCBcslFhenhM:&tbnh=131&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dproportion%2Bof%2BCanadians%2Bsupporting%2Blin
20guistic%2Bduality%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26channel%3Ds%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-
21US:official%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1 , see Appendix 5, p. 43); and
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23 WHEREAS, the Hawai‘i Official Language Act 1) establishes the equality of status
24and equal rights and privileges as to the use of official languages in all institutions of the
25legislature and government of the state, 2) establishes full and equal access to the legislature
26and legislative proceedings, to the laws of the state and to courts established by government
27in both official languages, 3) guarantees the right of any member of the public to
28communicate with, and to receive available services from, any institution of the legislature or
29government in either official language, 4) guarantees officers and employees of government
30institutions and public bodies equal opportunities to use the official language of their choice
31while working together in pursuing the goals of those institutions and public bodies, 5)
32guarantees English-speaking residents of Hawai‘i and Hawaiian-speaking residents of
33Hawai‘i, without regard to their ethnic origin or first language learned, equal opportunities to
34obtain employment in the institutions of government, 6) establishes the State Legislature is
35committed to achieving, with due regard to the principle of selection of personnel according
36to merit, full participation of English-speaking and Hawaiian-speaking residents of Hawai‘i
37in its institutions, 7) establishes the State Legislature is committed to enhancing the vitality
38and supporting the development of English and Hawaiian linguistic minority communities as
39part of the two official language communities of the State, and to fostering full recognition
40and use of Hawaiian and English in the Hawaiian Islands, 8) estalishes the State Legislature
41is committed to cooperating with County and Municipal governments and their institutions
42and public bodies to support the development of Hawaiian and English linguistic minority
43communities, to provide services in both Hawaiian and English languages, to respect the
44constitutional guarantees of minority language educational rights and to enhance
45opportunities for all to learn both Hawaiian and English languages, 9) establishes the State
46Legislature is committed to enhancing the bilingual character of the State Capital District and
47to encouraging the business community, labor orgnaizations and voluntary organizations in
48the State to foster the recognition and use of Hawaiian and English languages, and 10)

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1establishes the State Legislature recognizes the importance of preserving and enhancing the
2use of languages other than Hawaiian and English while strengthing the status and use of the
3official languages (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/ShowFullDoc/cs/O-3.01//20090812/en and
4http://www.achtanna.ie/en.act.2003.0032.1.html adapted, see Appendix 6, p. 47); and
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6 WHEREAS, Article 15 of the Hawai‘i State Constitution declares Hawaiian to be an
7official language “except that Hawaiian shall be required for public acts and transactions only
8as provided by law” (http://hawaii.gov/lrb/con/conart15.html , see Appendix 7, p. 128); and
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10 WHEREAS, nearly 2,000 residents of Hawai‘i (including 3 public office holders and
11candidates at State, Municipal and Office of Hawaiian Affairs judicatories) have joined
12Hawai‘i Bilingual, whose positions are 1) Hawai‘i citizens shal by right receive public
13services in the official language of their choice, as in Canada, 2) All public service
14communications shall be published in Hawaiian, in addition to English, and 3) the Hawai‘i
15State Board of Education and the University of Hawai‘i shall adopt universal Hawaiian
16language proficiency graduation standards (http://apps.facebook.com/causes/124832/13574130?m=387a50ea
17and http://www.maoliworld.com/group/h2ohawaiibilingual , see Appendix 8, p. 130);
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19 NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the Association of Hawaiian Civic
20Clubs in Convention at Makena, Maui this 7th day of November 2009, that the State
21Legislature immediately adopt a Hawai‘i Official Languages Act similar to those adopted in
22Canada and Ireland.
23
24 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the Hawai‘i State Legislature 1) ensure respect
25for English and Hawaiian as the official languages of the State and ensure equality of status
26and equal rights and privileges as to their use in all governmental institutions, in particular
27with respect to their use in the Legislative proceedings, in legislative and other instruments,
28in the administration of justice, in communicating with or providing services to the public
29and in carrying out the work of State, County and municipal institutions, 2) support the
30development of Hawaiian and English linguistic minority communities and generally
31advance the equality of status and use of the Hawaiian and English languages within the
32Hawaiian Islands, 3) set out the powers, duties and functions of governmental institutions
33and publc bodies with respect to the official languages of the State, including the
34establishment of an Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages (and to define its
35functions), as well as 4) provide for the publication by the Commissioner of Official
36Languages of certain information relevant to the purposes of this Act and related matters.
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38 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a certified copy of this resolution be transmitted
39to the Governor of Hawai‘i, State Senate President, State Speaker of the House, State Senate
40Committee on Hawaiian Affairs, State House Committee on Hawaiian Affairs, Office of
41Hawaiian Affairs Chair of the Board of Trustees, Mayor of Honolulu and all County Mayors,
42and the Chairs of the Boards of Trustees of the Ali‘i Trusts.
43
44INTRODUCED BY: Hawaiian Civic Club of Waimanalo
45REFERRED TO: ________________________
46ACTION: ______________________________

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1Appendix 1 (A & B)
2
3A. List of multilingual countries and regions
4From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
5http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_multilingual_countries_and_regions
6Jump to: navigation, search
7Main article: Multilingualism

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10Countries that are officially or unofficially multilingual Multiple official languages Single
11official language, functionally multilingual No official language, functionally multilingual
12This is an incomplete list of areas with either multilingualism at the community level or at
13the personal level.
14There is a distinction between social and personal bilingualism. Many countries, such as
15Belgium, which are officially multilingual, may have many monolinguals in their population.
16Officially monolingual countries, on the other hand, such as France, can have sizable
17multilingual populations.
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