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Natasha Bell Green Stars 9/28/13 Contributions to the Development of Western Political Thought Many people say they

understand how modern Western government works. However, what many people do not know is specifically how the ideas of modern Western government came to be and what its influences were. Others, unknowingly, say that the founders of the United States were pure genius, and thought it up all on their own. The development of Western political thought had many influences from both ancient and more recent times in Europe. Those influences were: the Judeo-Christians, the Greek, and the Romans. Western political thought was mainly contributed to by the Judeo-Christian civilizations. The contributions given by this civilization helped shape our modern society. A few of those contributions are individual worth, helping the less fortunate, and written law. The JudeoChristians believe strongly that every person is equally important. This civilization believes in a God, and in the Bible, which was written by God through man, it is obvious that everyone is equally important. Today in modern society, everyone is found equal. In the United States of America, we use the Constitution, which contains many amendments. Greek philosophers clearly had a huge impact on the development of Western political thought. The Greeks started the Olympic Games and also came up with the idea of the alphabet that is still used today. They were the first to think of the idea of democracy and had common people participate in their government to elect a leader. Their trials had an actual jury made up of commoners. Greece was the first to think of paying people for their labor. It also had the initial philosophers and thought up of the way we now write literature. Including the idea of putting on a play. One of historys greatest writes, Homer, thought up of poems that we now call epic

poems. But it was mainly through government that Greeks influenced the world.Greek philosophers, such as Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates, were the first to use their opinions on natural rights, and apply them to political thinking. They said that, naturally, all humans have the ability to use logic and reason and could use that to create fair and sensible laws. These ideas of natural rights and logical formation of laws are now seen in Western political thought today when laws are carefully written out by citizens and submitted for voting. Roman government also contributed a lot to the development of Western political thought. They were the first to believe someone was innocent until proven guilty. Had a Senate much like the ones used today, with both upper class and lower class in it. And also had other assemblies. Rome spread the Latin language which is the bases for almost all languages. They also thought up the modern calendar. Rome helped expand Christianity, making it the most wide spread religion. Romans also invented the numerical system that is still being used. Ideas in Athens such as separation of powers and juries have a great presence in Western political thinking in that they are believed to be some of the best ways to keep power in check. Ideas from Roman government have carried over to the modern West as well. These include a written legal code, and a republican form of government, ideas which are now seen in the Constitution and Senate of the United States. Many ideas and ways of thinking from Greece and Rome have been major influences of Western political thought. In conclusion, Western political thought has been influenced by many different things over a huge time period. Judeo Christians introduced the Bible and the belief that everyone is created equal, Greek philosophers introduced the idea of natural rights, and Roman governments introduced the separation of powers, written law, and a senate. In the end, it is believed that the Judeo-Christians had the most influence on the development of Western Political Thought. This

is because the idea of equality and self-importance comes from the Judeo-Christians, and has affected peoples thoughts about themselves and others. Also because now in our modern society, men and women, black and white, or religious and nonreligious are all considered to be equal.